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DAMY PAPER $10 A YBAR "LET OUR JUST CENSURE ATTEND THE TI?UE EVEN-" ' TRI-WEEELY $7 A YEAR.
BY J. A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., MONDAY XORNING, AUGUST 28, 1865. VOL. L-NO. 1
BAILY ANJ) TRI-WEEKLY.
BY TOI?&S ?. SELBY.
Daily raper, six mont&B.$5 00
Tri-Weekly, .. *. .S 50
, Weekly. " " . ? 00
, Singlo'copi?s of the Daily and Tri-Weekly,
-70 cunts: oi the Weekly, l3 cents.
Insert?d in either tho Daily or Tri-Weeklv nt
fl per S'-piare^for the tirst insertion, ani 7?
'cents for or.ek\;iihse(pient insertion In the
Weekly. SI a square.
??"Special noticQS 13 cents a linc.
We annex as. extract from the cor?
respondence of the New York Sunday
Mercury, which Will strike the risibili?
ties of our readers with peculiar force.
YVe are uncertain which the authoi
xleaerves most-pardon for his love ol
the improbable, or pi^y for his igno?
. That the miserable attempt of fo?
reign powers to set up a monarchy ut
- our doors is not to go without Ameri?
can aid, alas! *s too mournfully re?
vealed by the following facts. Our
readers wifi be astounded and angered
at what they learn from the .subjoined
paragraphs, but thc; facts are part and
parcel of contemporaneous history,
and gladly .ts we would suppress them,
must be told:
This country has given birth to fou
such men as ex-Vice-President Join:
C. Breckenridge, und that te one, per?
haps, who united the same orighiahty.
'comprehension of intellect, with t
spirit as during and as bold. Thal
exception is x\aron Buir. It is no
strange, then, that men cast in tin
. s*me mould should pursue alike ca
reel*. Th?ro seems, indeed, to be ?
it si milu vi ty i:i their fortunes, and thu
far the living man hus trod in the sam
path as the dead. Both of these mei
?were of distinguished family; and wer
'alike aft'able, persuasive, influential
bold and enterprising. If they wer
? unscrupulous, they scorned all dan
ger and knew no fear. Both, in the"
time, were lawyers, statesmen, an
warriors and vice-Presidents of th
United Stats?, und both attempted 1
break up their Government. ?iot
Burr's great project, which ?ooke
to a vice-royalty in Mexico, ended i
his fruaneial ruin, nod niter his tri;
he became an exile. He was a bani
rapt in honor as well as in _ fort un?
but his spirit was unconquered an
unconquerable. Breckinridge seen
to be his prototype. Bun- went 1
Europe, and endeavored to enlist tl
great Napoleon in \is Mexico projet
but that sagacious monarch decline
to entertain his proposition, only b
cause all Europe was bunded agsin
him; and so Burr's Mexican empi
Now, john C. Breckin ridge li
gone to Franco to present tb anoth
Napoleon a scheme in many respec
, ident ical with that of Bun.-. In oth
words, he proposes to enlist sohlic
and emigrate to the empire of Ma.
It has hitherto been announced tl
General Breckinridge sailed ft om E
. vana for Europe. We are now able
say that this was in pwsuance o?
plan agreed on in Hamha, and tl
. his mission is to secure the endor
ment Of his seiieme by the Empei
Napoleon. The emigration is intel
ed to embrace all cla?ses, includi
the aged and prudent planter, as v
as the stalwart and daring youth
Kentucky and the South, whose h
service in the army have unfitted th
for the quiet and peaceable pursuit
hie. Thfts, while the emigration i
be buna?de, the result will be to ca
thousands of Confederate soldiers i
the anny of Maximilian. These v,
of course, be under the command
General Breckinridge. Several of
prominent military friends in the YS
?, are only awaiting intelligence-to (
cute his orders. In the meantime,
uncertainty of labor, and other D
bles in the Southern States, are )
paring largo bodies of their people
for precisely such an enterprise.
Such is the plan originated by Gen.
Breckinridge, and it is a feasible one.
He was very popular in the South, and
just the leader to cany this through
successfully. Always gentle and cour?
teous, but brave evoir to rashness, ho
won the plaudits of the people and
the hearts of his soldiers. Whenever
he raises his standard again, thou?
sands -will-flock to him and follow his
Thus the Mexican imbroglio seems
complete. The culmination of Eu?
ropean intrigue and domestic perfidy
seems to be at hand. The groat re?
public is to bo icrced into conclusions
for-thc safely ?d' republican institu?
tions on this continent ?iud the rescue
of a weaker sister State. For half a
century, money, diplomacy and force
i have been alternately broilght to boar
to check our advances and erect a
monarchy in our path of republican
empire. Providence extricates us from
domestic turmoil just in time to catch
the foe napping at our gates. We lind
hun "in flagrante delicia," with the
blood of his victims on his bauds - vi
the dagger raised to 'strike ourselves.
Who shall repine, if, unheeding the
remonstrance and tho wruth of this
groat people, tile aggressor should
defy his fate, and who, should case
arise, will uot join in the cry re-echo?
ing from the St. Lawrence to the
Isthmus of Tehauntepec, "Bown with
the empire: Long live the republic!"
Al>a<llcloned Property in the South.
The frequency of complaints iu re
gard ro tho recovery of buildings
claimed to have boen seized as aban?
doned property, and so huid by thc
officers of tjie-Government, is becom?
ing a matter of public importance.
There seems to be occasions for st
many changes of officers and transfer:
of jurisdiction from one d?partiront
of the Government to another, am
froin'one bureau ?d' a department t<
anotle-v. that owners of-property fun
groat difficulty in tracing possessio!
and ascertaining the proper parties ti
whom to apply for redress.
Thc Government at Washingtoi
does not, in mosteases, seem to undAr
stand tlie rod situation ol' Souther]
property. Property owners in th
South not unfrcqucntiy own severn
residences. Tn this vicinity, for in
stance, we.know of gentlemen, not ?
few. who have a winter town house,
resilience on the sound for mid-sum
moy, and a plantation residencp i
trie country beside. Of course it. i
impossible for these gentlemen to ot
enpy all these residences at ono an
the same time. On thc approach i
our troops to this town some of the
were vacant, and were taken posse*
sion o?as "abandoned."
Another Oase of property similar]
held is that owned by . ..tates yet. i
probate, or the property of widow
mid orphans held by executors, (?
course such property cannot be attaii
ed, and the Government does nc
mean to hold it; but having bee
found "abandoned" -that is, with 1.
owner present to (daim it-the antin
rities seized it, and now the rightfi
owner's experience an endless amoui
of di??et?ty in reclaiming it. This
the case in at least one instance no
in our mind, where not only is tl
property owned by a widow, but h
representative is a loyal man boyo:
dispute, having already boen entrai
ed with a responsible ? lice in th
town, and complied with feu the r
quircments of oath, Ac.
Much properly is now heid by il
Government representatives here tb
has never been formally seized by ti
officers of thc Treasury Departmei
and is not now nor never has be
entered on the books of the Tren.su
Agents; and yet the owners, bei
loynl men within all the requiremei
of the law and the proclamation of t
President, cannot recover possessio
Our citizens aro put to great inoont
nience and loss because of this distr<
of their property, and are unable
see any remedy. The Government
being injured also from the sai
cause, by reason of thc tendency sn
treatment works to weaken thc coi
dence of the people in its represen
fions. Complaints are brought in
us almost daily in regard to tb
matters; but tho most we can do is
refer the complainants to the Treasury
Agent. AVe presumo the Treasury
Agent is similarly enfbarrassed, not
knowing by "what authority property
I not in his hands is held, and being
I incapable of affording any redress to
I tho injured parties. Probably an ap
I peal to "Washington and a full repre?
sentation of the facts would draw out
a general order that would open a
door for relief in such cases as aro en?
titled to it.
. We have also boen applied to per?
sonally and by letter l'or information
as to the proper modo of procedure to
recover property rightfully seized at
tho time, but tho own rs of which have
since purged themselves of their
hostility to the Government by taking
tho required oaths, or applying for and
receiving the executive pardon. Wo
presume such partios will have tUKt
property restored to thom. Hvde^cit
has been restored in the eases of some
who were formerly prominent as ene?
mies to tho United States. And yet
we are sorry to say that others com?
plain that, while they have never been i
hostile to the Government, tiny lind i
it difficult in getting their property,
?lld cite cases to show the injustice of
liic treatment they receive. All such
should lay their cuses before the repre?
sentative? of tlie Treasury Department,
where wt have no doubt they will
obtain both . ounsol and relief.
.[ Wilniinylon Jirrah/, 17///.
THE PAXIC IN WALL STREET.-There
was fr terrible excitement in Wall
street yesterday". Tia' semes of '37
and '07 seemed likely to be re-enacted,
and even on a more gigantic scale. I
See our news columns Jmd money ar- j
ticlos l'or particular.-:.
Tiie present week opened in that !
famous street with? decidedly panicky ?
feeling. The P li cord:: I lank artair lani 1
engendered di* tn: sj?- am! ruc suspi- i
eions that hung upon on. ei tue gobi
operations on Saturday became glar?
ing facts ou Monday, and increased
the excitement. Yesterday morning
the si reefs were alive with rumors; j
ste. . .; were pressed on tin; market,
and when it was evident that ?in ont- !
?uu'st of some description was likely
to be the feature of the day, some
of th*; leading railroad shares suffered
a decline ol eight toten per cent, from
tho quotations ol* Mol?day. When it
became known that one of tho most
prominent firms lind succumbed to the
pressure id' some supp* ?sod ilk git.mate
operations, and was compelled to sus?
pend with a million or more of irre?
gular liabilities, tho fever rose to its
Height and became intense. What the j
result will be remains to be seen, j
Perhaps many will bo forced into the
positions of bankruptsbefore the close '
of another dav. The beginning of '
thc end is approaching, and unless
some radical change is made, and that .
speedily, in our financial system, we
must pass through a depressing ordeal
before we regain our lornier healthy
lt, was svi in England during hov ;
monetary troubles m ISIS and 1S25. |
Panics, revolutions and defalcations i
wei-.- of almost weekly .occurrence |
while she was endeavoring to restore j
ber finances, and sonic pf the leading
men in the kingdom, including those 1
holding high military stations as well !
ns naval officers and nobleman, were
swallowed up in those frequent finan?
cial maelstroms. If we would avoid
those difficulties wa must change our
course, and check the inordinate de?
sire for speculation that has seized the
minds of most of the men who operate
in the vicinity of Wall street.
[Xiun > urk Herald.
Tee Nashville and Chattanooga
Railroad has been restored *by the
GroverniM-nt to the company. The
.itv of Charleston is a largo stock?
holder in this road, and Ave believe
that then; are many stockholders
throughout the State. The restoration
:>f the road is a matter of pecuniary
interest to all these parties.
During a late debate in the British
Parliament, a member stated that in
England and Wales alone there were
i million of paupers, and five hundred
thousand moro on the verge of pau?
perism. The. heavy national debt and
the high tastes necessary to meet the
interest upon it were assigned as the
COLUMBIA, ?UOUST 15,18G5.
THE undersigned, having formed a busi
neas connection with, tho frm of
ZEALY, SCOTT .V" BRUNS, under the style
of HUTSON LEE & CO., for tin. jmrr.ose of
conducting an AUCTION, GENERAL COM?
MISSION and EXCHANGE BROKERAGE,
respectfully solicits thc patronage nf tho
public. * HUTSON LEE.
Hereafter, the Auction and General Com?
mission Business done bv ns will he con?
ducted by .Messrs. HUTSON' LEK A* CO. .
Aug Ki 6 ZEALY, SCOTT .t, BRUNS.
Auctioneers, General Coin. Agents
and Exchange Brokers,
COLUMBIA, S. C..
4 NYbusinesa entrusted to them will re
.zY- ceiveprompt attention.
GOLD, SIBV blt. SECURITIES and BANK
NOTES bought and sold. _
Refer to Messrs. WILLIS ?f CHISOLM
and Messrs. JOHN PHASER & Co., Charles?
ton, S. C.
GEORGE SCHLEY, Esq., and Messrs. F.
C. BARBER * CO.. Augusta, Ga.
Messrs. STENHOUSE A, McCAULEY,
Charlotte, N. C.
Office for tho present at Messrs. Zealy,
Scott ?V Bruns. Aug Ki GtnfS
~ AIU H1BAL1) " CiETTY & CO.,
12G and 128 Meeting.Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
F. A. WlLCOXSON, Agent,
I ?rangeburg, S. C.
EDMUND A. SOUDER .v Cu..
LIVINGSTON, FOX & CO., Agents.
r.v- LIBERAL ADVANCES made on CON?
SIGNMENTS. AUK 15-?mo*
TtMlE exercises of th?' College, ami of tho |
J, Preparatory Department connected
with it, will bo resumed on the 28th of SEP?
As a measure necessary to the support of
tlse Institution in the oxrstiujr 'derangement
of it s il nances, the Board of Trustees have
suspended, for twelve months; the privilege
of using Scholarships in th? payment of
Tuition .20 for the session of li v.-months,
and Board $1(1 per month-payable in ad?
vanee, in specie, or its .equivalent in curren?
cy or provisions.
It i- desirable that Students should bring
with them such books as they may require:
also snell articles ..." furniture*for their
rooms RS they may be able to transport.
For . 'ther particulars luidr-iss the subscri?
ber, to the care (for the present) of Dr. E.
Nv Hutchison, Charlotte.
J. L. KIRKPATRICK,
Auer 22 Imo President.
mm: A I BRITISH BARK -EXCHANGE"
I is now ready receive freight. Applv to
A ?lg IS ft WILLIS & CHISOLM.
Not Fee. -f r* a ri tn ble Appen!.
milE ladies of thu URSULINE CONVENT
J[ and ACADEMY are anxions to rebuild,
as speedily as possible, au editiee suitable
for their Monastery and Institute, theirs
having been burnett in the gen<.-ral confla?
gration of Columbia hythe United States
Army, under Gen. Sherman, on the night of
February 17th. And while they are far
from pressing their necessities on their fel
low-suiterors of the South, will -gratefully
receive any contributions which tne friends
of education and religion may donut-, them
for this exe.-lien', work. Rumittitnees.inay
be made through the Express Corrvbany.
Till? MOTHER SUPERIOR,
Ursuline Convent and Academy,
Care Dr. John Lynch, Columbia, S. C.
Aug 2 Imo , ?
NOTICE.- TO correct the many erroneous
reports in circulation, the Mother Superior
wishes to say that she. lias p?d $39.o() for
t>ne month's insertion of the '?( haritable
iVppcal," and has i eccived not one cen?, nor
even the miine of one emit, towards either
the erection of ibo "Convent and A<ade
mv," or the purchase of ground whereon to
JV FD D?VVFTT Mr DM1?
(Suc'sors to Hotchkiss, Penner & Bennett,)
40 VESSEY STREET, NEW YORE,
TUGS. FEXNEIt, H. BENNETT, ?. W. BO.WM.IN.
MR. T. A. TORIN, who wac for a length
of time connected with the old finn of
Hotchkiss, Fenner ?V Bennett, has an inter?
est in tho present firm, and will devote his
attention principally to the State of South
Carobna. - Hie address will bo Clinbm,
I-anrens District. Aug 4 Imo
THE new first
class steamer MO?
NERA, Charles P.
Marshman, Com- .
BRIDGE, J. W.
Balch, Commander, ?
Will leave Charleston, S. C., direct for
New York, alternately, THURSDAYS eack
For freight or passage-having handsotn*
State Room accommodations-apply to
F. A. WILCOXSON^gont,
Orangeburg, S. C.
ARCHIBALD GETTY CO.,
126 and 12S Meeting st., Charleston, 3. C. \
LIVINGSTON, FOX ic CO., Agonts,
Aug lo 2mo New ..York.
Hea'iq'rs D?p't of South Carolina,
HILTON HEAD, fl. C , JUL? 20,1865.
GENERAL O HD EES No. 1?.
IT is announced, for th? information and
government of this command; that BEN
,1 AMIN F. PERRY- of South Carolina, ha?
been appointed, by the President, Provi?
sional Governor of the State of South Caro?
lina, with authority and instructions, "at
the earliest practicable period, to prescriba
such rules and regulationVas maybe neces?
sary and proper for convening a Convention,
ou?liposed of delegates to he chosen by that
?portion of thc people of said Stato who are
oyal to the United States, and no other?,
for the purpose of altering or amending th?
Constitution thereof; and with authority to
exercise, within the limits of said State, all
the powers necessary and proper to enable
such loyal people of thc State of South Ca?
rolina to restore said State to itt oonstitn?
tiona! relations to the Federal Government,
and to present such a Republican form of
State f?overmnent aa will entitle th? Stat?
to thejeuarantee of tho United States lhere- '
for, aita its people ta ptotcction yy th?
United States against invasion, insurrection
and domestic violence; provided, that in
any ptsctiou that may hereafter bo held for
choosing delegates to any State Convention
as aforesaid, no person shall be qualified aa
an elector, or shall be eligible as a member
of such Convention, unless he shall havu
previously t?ken ana subscribed tho oath of
amnesty, as set forth in tho President's
proclamation of'May 29, A. D. 1SC3, and ia
a voter qualified as prescribed by the Con?
stitution and laws of tho Stat?? of "South
Carolina in force immediately before the
seventeenth (17th) day of November. A. D, .
the dalt ol* tho s^-callcd Ordin?nco of
Secession; and the said Convention, when
convened, or the Legislature that may ba
thereafter assembled, prescribe * tba
qualification of electors, and the eligibility
of persons to hold office und?r the Consti?
tution and laws of thc Slate, a power Uia
?leonie of the several States composing the
federal Union have rightfully exeroiaed
from the yrigin of the Government to the
It is, therefore, ordered, that all officers
and other perseus in tiie United States
military service, within the State of South
Carolina, aid and assist Governor Ferry in
carrying into effect the foregoing instruc?
tions, and they are enjoined to abstain
from, in any way, hindering, impeding of
discouraging the loyal people of the. Stat?
from the organization of a State Govern?
ment, as hereinabovc authorized and di?
All orders and ?Astrueti'ona now in opera?
tion throughout, diio Department, whether
emanating from ! heschcadquarters, or from
Headquarters Department of the South,
that are not inconsistent with tho foregoing
distinctly specified provisions of this order,
will continue in force as heretofore,'through?
out the State of South Carolina.
Every heedful facility for taking tbe am?
nesty oath will be afforded by the military
authorities, on forms heretofore supplied
fer that purpose.
Hereafter Provost Marshals and Assistant
Provost Marshals will constitute the only
military officers entitled to administer tba
amnesty oath, a certified copy of which
will, mall cases, I?- furnished to tho indi?
vidual taking it. The original oaths will bo
transmitted, semi-monthly, by the officer
administering the same, lo the Provost
Marshal General at these Headquarters, bv
whom they will be recorded in a book kept
for that purposCj and then forwarded to the
Seen tary of State.
Parsons applying for Executive clemency
will send their petition (with a certified
copy of the Aran?sty Oat h attached,) to th?
President, through the Provisional Gover?
nor at Greenville. Sonfli Carolina.
By command of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GTLLMORE.
Official: W. L. M. BuaasB, A. A. G.
Aug 16 ,
? vv. to. JOH?si-oar,
Ma gi-st:???*?* c,
Office on Picken* street East m<l of La?:;,
\?7TLL attend to all official business
Tv brought before him; will also attend
to drawing up Dec?s, Convoya-neos. "Mort?
gages, Contracts, and other ordinary legal
instruments of writing. Fair copies of any
document executed with neatness and de?
spatch. Au east !