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MyI. A. SELBY, COLUMIAP S. C.; TUESDAY MORNEW9. SEPIIENBER 5,1865. .VOL. L -NO. 1
I> AIL F AND, TRI-WEEKL T.
. ASD THK ' %
EVERT WEDNESD AT.
% BY JgLIAH A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN ADVA NC E.
Daily Paper, six months.W|6 00
Tri-WeaBy,? " " ..?.
Weekly, " - ?" -.2 00
Single copies of the Daily and Tri-Weakly,
10 cant?; of the Weekly, 15 cents.
Insertad in either the Daily or Tri-Weekly ai
$1 per square for the first insertion, and 75
cents for each subsequent insertion. In tho
Weekly, SI a squared
. aarSpecial notices 15 cents a line..
TheConstitution of Virginia, under
the restored Government, differs from
the Virginia Constitution of 1851
much' less than is generally supposed.
The. changes, however important, are
not numerous. In the Code of Vir?
ginia, issued, in the year 1860, and
liberally distributed throughout the
'State to justices, clerks and others,
and now accessible to most persons,
.will be found at full length the former
With these preliminaries, w? at
Once consider the Alexandria Consti?
tution. Prefixed to it are the old bill
of rights and preamble. Articles I
and U of the former Constitution are
Article ITT, ou . qualification of
voters, in the old, is greatly changed
in thc new Constitution. Eesidence
prerequisite to voting is reduced to
one year in the State and .six months
in the county, city or town. But the
great and important change consists
of two parts, namely, disfranchise
, ment of voters and disability for
* office-holding, by reason of participa?
tion in the rebellion. All persons are
disfranchised who, since, the first day
of Januaay, 1864, have ' ' voluntarily
giveh aid or assistance, in any way, tb
those in rebellion against the Govern?
ment of the "Waited States', for the
purpose Sf promoting thess-ame." The
' Legislature have power to relieve
from this privation and restore the
right of franchise, ."when, in 'their
opinion, it will be safe to do so." Ac?
cordingly, the Legislature, by Act of
the 22d June, I860, in extra session at
Bich mond, restored the franchise to
all )hose deprived as aforesaid, who
should take the oaths therein pre?
scribed, to wit: that in the Amnesty
Proclamation of President Johnson of
.the 29th May, 1865, and that to sup?
port the restored government of Vir?
ginia. But persons excluded from the
benefit of ?aid Amnesty Proclamation,
until pardoned by the President, are
excepted from such enfranchisement.
Persons excluded from the amnesty,
by reason'of the $20,000 exception,
are, nevertheless, enfranchised by
said Act? The disability for office
.holding is, next to the- disfranchise?
ment of voters, the most remarkable
part of the instrument. No person
can, according to its terms, "vote or
hold office under this Constitution
who has held office undet the so-called
Confederate Government, or under
any rebellious State Gov^fcnment, or
who has been ? member of the so
called Confederate Congress, or a
member of any State Legislature in
rebellion against the authority of the
United States, excepting therefrom
?.unty officers." This proscription
and impracticable rule will, doubtless,
be expunged at an early day. It is
impossible to continue such a provi?
sion among a people who are recog?
nized as loyal, an d, who claim a Repub?
lican Government. Tho, reason and
necessity of* such a -proscription, if
ever of sufficient cogency, liave
wholly ceased; and the Executive an*
the Legislature have united in recom?
mending and promoting ito abroga-;
lion. The Legislature, at the e,\tra
session above-mentioned, by an Act
passed on the 21st day of jjgft 1865,
entitled "An Act lo provide for tho
amendment of the third article of tho
Constitution," invested the Governor
with discretion : to ascertain the sense
of the qualified voter.-? on the proposi
..tion to empower thc next Genera}
Assembly to amend the third '.rticle
of the Constitution-that wfcch im?
poses* the disfranchisement and disa?
bilities1-so that, in virtue of the high
authority Aus invoked and exercised,
the loyal people of the State may be
?ontpletely rehabilitated., This result
is so necessary and 'wise that wo must
soon, witness its consummation. In
thi3 event, Article III of the old Con?
stitution, will be substantially if not
Article IV-legislative department
-has undergone several and consider?
able changes. ; They are mainly the
results or incidents of the war, in the
midst of which the new Constitution,
was proclaimed. Such tus arise from
the disseverance of the Old Dominion^
and the abolition of slavery will
readily be understood. The Alexan?
dria 'Constitution d?chires that the
House of Delegates shall consist of
not less than eighty and not more
than one hundred and four members,
and the Senate of a number not Jess
than one-third and not more than one
half the' number of the House. It
apportions representation in the House
ancPSenate among the counties and
pities, and provides for future re-ap?
portionment ia 1870 and decennially
thereafter, in jax. enumeration* of the
inhabitants of the State. ? The Gene?
ral Assembly is to meet annually. In
this article, sections 19, 20 and 21
I of. the former Constitution, headed
"slaves and free negroes," have been
substituted in the now by sections
headed "slavery or. freedom," declar?
ing slavery abolished and forever pro?
hibited. Another section relates tc
the public debt encuita apportionment
between Virginia and West Virginia.
It declares that ho ordinance of the
Wheeling Convention adjusting the
.Hebt between the two .shall be binding
on this State. Another section of thij
article* prohibits the Legislature from
paying au y debt dtr obligation iucuired
by the rebellious State authorities al
Richmond. It also forbids any county,
city*o? corporation to levy, or coiled
any tax to pay any debt created in ak'
of the rebellion. The sinking func
created and regulated by the 29th sec?
tion of ti^e former Constitution, ap
pears to be entirely omitted from tin
nWh. Instead of that, the 29th sec
. tion of ?he new Constitution provides
that no debt shall be contracted by tin
State, except for casual deficits in tin
"revenue, or the discharge of a previ
ous liability, or for military purposes
If the State become a stockholder ii
any internar" improvement, the stool
shall be paid for at the unie of sub
scription, or a tax shall be levied fo:
the next year to pay the subscriptioi
Article V, of the Executive Depart
ment, in the late Constitution, remain
unchanged, except by this audition
"Until the members of the Board o
, Public \ybrk8 shall be elected* by di
rection of the Legislature and quali
fled, the authority^ and duty of th
Board are devolviUf on the Goveruoi
Auditor and Tre?irer of the Com
monwealth; and tfie Secretary of th
Commonwealth shall discharge th
duties of t?ie^slerk^of Aaid Board."
Article Vjf relating to the Jud
oiary, ia very nmterially changed i
the newt?onstitutionv The latter pr<
vides for a Couft pf Appeals, to coi
sist of three judges, for district court
and for sixteen circuit courts. Tl
judicial term is not changed, but tl
mode of election or appointment
radically,, different from that lately i
force, .it is provided that the judg<
shall be chosen by the joint vote i
the two houses, of the G&ieral Assoc
bly, from persons nominated by tl
Governor. The several circuits ai
districts are defined in the Constit
tion. In other respects, the form
constitutional provisions ou the juc
ciary ard"Continued unchanged. ^ Ju
tices of?the peace, besides their p
diem for court service, may by law 1
aMowed fees and emoluments for otb
In conclusion of our exhibit of t
Alexandria Constitution, in which 1
have stated all imnortant changes, a;
omitting Only tko minor and triv
ones, we may remox??that thc body
the instrument Hf other matters is
transcript of the former Constitutic
In respect to the judiciary, the chan
is at most but of debatable proprie
It involves an abandonment of poi
lar election of judges and adopt:
meade of appointment somewhat re?
sembling that in the Constitution of
the United States. The change is -not
of a character to excite much, if any,
reprobation;" to many it -will be pre?
ferable to the superseded mode. The
inhibition of an appropriation to in?
ternal improvements is a change of
great consequence. It is well calcu?
lated lo elioit discussion; but at pre?
sent, when our public debt^and other
burdens arc,so heavy as '? b? truly
oppressive, there woidd bc scarcely
any disposition to augment them, in?
dependent of this inhibition. J?or the
present, therefore, our poverty and
exhaustion may reconcile us to the
provision so consistent wtth them.
The abolition andr interdiction of
skr Ty contained in tho new Consti?
tu?, m are but the irreversible fia* cf
this generation, rendering discussion
of the subjectwholly superfluous and
unprofitable. The disfranchisement
and disabilities inflicted by the new
Constitution have in part been, and
will soon in whole be expunged, and
be. substituted by euch enlightened
and liberal provisions as will remove
all just complaint ind satisfy sound
public sentiment. Should these ex?
pectations be realized, we shall find
the Alexandria Constitution much
more endurable than many may have
imagined.-Richmond Times. . J
THE STOCK and FIXTURES of a whole?
sale, and retail DRUG STORE, in tho
town of Newberry, S. C., prominently situ?
ated, and of good patronage, will be ?o?d at
a bargain, if applied for soon.
Satisfactory reasons assigned for selling.
Address Box 88, Newberry, S. C. ,
HAMERS AND BROKERS,
NO. 70 WAEL BTI11ET, NEW, YORK. s
SOVERNMENT SECURITIES and other
STOCKS, RONDS, "vc., bought and
DEWITT C. LAWREi*CS> member N. Y.
SIMEON BALDWIN, Jr.., member. N>. Y.
Petroleum and-Minin^ Board.
CYRUS J. LAWRENCE. WM. A. HALSTED.
Sept 4 Gmo
PRICE $2,000 CASH.
ALARGE commotions HOUSE, in tho
village of Maybinton, Newberry Dis?
trict, v/ith 80 acres of excellent land-some
of it very prime-attached to it. Ou the
premises a large kitchen, smoke-house^ and
a^vcry extensive set of stables and fodder
houses. Tho house contains 9 rooms-3 of
them very large, about '24 feet by 20, afford?
ing every facility for the establishing of a
large store, and ample accommodation for
a family. Of the 80. acres of land,* 30 aro
wooded, original growth. Maybinton was,
formerly, a place of very considerable trade,
and as the Union and Spartauhurg Railroad
is not now in working order, and not likely
to l?e so for many years tq come, thc above
property offers great advantages to any one
wishing* to engage in the country trade.
Apply to tho subscriber on the premises.
Sept 1 2_WM. ROPER.
South Carol i nu-Hichln?d District.
Rv Jacob Bell; Ordinate of ravi District.
WHEREAS Martha j. Townsend hath
applied tonio for letters of adminis?
tration on all and singular the. goods, chat?
tels and credits of Samuel Townsend, late
of the District aforesaid, deceased:
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish
all anilsingular the kindred and creditors
of the saiddeceafced, to bo and appear be?
fore ?rie, at our next. Orilrnnry's Court for
the said Dist rict, to be holden at Columbia
on Friday, tho eighth day of September
next, at ?0 o'clock a. m., to show cause,
if any, why the said administration sfffculd
not be granted.
Given under my hand.and seal of thc Court,
this twiBity-fourth day o? August, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hun?
dred and sixty-five, and in the ninetieth
year of American independence.a
Aug 30 tu2 Ordinary Richland District.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
.?^ THE undersigned, having leased
lim the LARGE' and COMMODIOUS
JUiii BUILDING knowu^as the "Columbia
Methodist Female College," will open it asa
FIRST-CLASS HOTEL,*oii September 7.
T. S. DICKERSON, Proprietor.
Iii" Papers throughout the State insert
twice a week for live weeta, and scud bills
? to thi? O?CC-. j Au? 17
J??T received from Philadelphia and Bal?
timore and will bo opened this morning,
a fine assortment of Cant's, Ladies' and
Misses' SHOES, mado to order expressly
fof this market, consisting in part of the
following: . .?
.Gent's Calf and Kid Congress GATTERS
Gent's Doublo Soled GATfEBS and BAL?
Gent's Calf Douhlo Soled OXFORD TIES
and BUCKLE SHOES. >
Ladies* Calf, Kid and Goat GAITERS and
Ladies' Cloth Congress GAITERS and
Ladies' English Kid SLIPPERS.
Misses' fino BALMORALS and GAITERS.
Misses' Strong BOOTEES, for school.
Those in want aro invited toj call and ex?
amine onr stock.
SHELTON, CALVO & WALSH.
Sept 4 ,_._
ITRB AND LIFE INSURANCE.
H. E. NICHOLS, Agent.
FOR the following FIRST CLASS COM?
New York Underwriter's Agency,
Homo Insurance Company, New a
York, Capital. 2,000,000
International Insurance Compa
' ny, New York, Capital. 1,OOQ,000
Continental Insurance Company,
New York, Capital. 1,000,000
Hartford Fire Insurance Com?
pany, Hartford, Capital. 2,000,000
Metropolitan Insurance Com?
pany, New York, Capital. 1,000,00(1
Home Insurance Company, Sa?
vannah, Capital. 2,000,000
Phoenix Insurance Company,
Hartford, Capital. 500,000
Columbia Insurance Company,
New York, Capital. 500,000
New England Mutual Life Insu?
rance Companv, Boston, Capi?
New York Accidental Insurance Company,
insuring against ali.accidents.
With several other well known and relia?
ble companies, thc aggregate capital
amounting to over $20,000,000. Risks taken
in any ono spot to amount of $200,000.
Office at Mr. Hussung's house, corner of
Assembly and Washington sts. Aug l?JGm
HOW LEE & CO.,
Auctioneers, General jCom. Agents
p and Exchange Brokers,
COLUMBIA, s. c.
ANY business entrusted to them wiU re?
ceive prompt attention.
. ( TOLD, SILVER, SECURITIES and BANK
NOTES bought afld sold.
Befer to .Messrs. WILLIS ?t CHISOLM
aud'Me.ssrsT JOHN FRASER AJCO., Charles?
ton, S. C. <
GEORGE SCHLEY, Esq., and Messrs. F.
C. BARBER A CO., Augusta, Ga.
Messrs. STENHOUSE & McCAULEY,
Charlotte, N. C.
Office for the present at Mossrs. Zealy,
Scott & Mons._? Ang 16 fitufS
DAVIDSON COILE GE,
CHAH LO TTE, N. C.
THE exercises of the College, and of thc
Preparatory Department connected
with it, will be resumed on the 28th of SEP?
As a measure necessary to the support ol
the Institution in thc existing derangement
pf its finances, tbp Board of Trustees have
sus]|endcd, for twelve months, the privil?ge
of using Scholarships in the payment ol
Tuition $20 for the session of five months,
and Board $10 per month-payable in ad?
vance, in specie, or its equivalent in curren?
cy or provisions.
. It is desirable that Students should brinj
with them such books as they may require
also such articles -of furniture for theil
rooius as they may bc able to transport.
For other particulars address the subscri
ber, to t?? care (for the present) of Dr. E
Nye Hutchison, Charlotte.
J. L. KIRKPATRICK,
Ang 22 Imo ,_President.
FENCER, BENNETT & BOWMAN
(Suc'sors to HotchMss, Fenner & Bennett,
40 VESSEY STREET, NEW YORK,
THOS. FENNER, H. BENNETT, D. W. BOWMAN
MR. T. A. TOBIN, who w? for a lengtl
of time connected with the old firm o
Hotchkiss, Fenner ft Bennett, has au inter
cst in the present firm, and will devote hi
attention principally to the State of Sont!
Carolina. His address will be Clinton
Laurens District. jm- Aug 4 Imo
^School SfoWlrls. r_
TREMISSES MARTIN will open a Schoo:
for ( i iris on the FIR* MONDAY in Oe
tolicr. Besides the usual English studiei
lessons will bo given in Latin, French an
Music. A few boarders will be receive
?uto tho family. Apply at their residence o
TJIaading attest. . " Av?ust 17
AND FOR SALE BY*
AT HIS RESIDENCE, - .
Corner Blanding and Bpil Streets,
FINE CORSETTS. Black SEWING SILK,
Ladies' BUCK GAUNTLETTS and
Ladies' White KID GLOVES."
Ladies' Mourning and Emb'd H'DK'FS.
SILVER THIMBLES, SCISSOR.
Key Rings, Crape Collars.
Cologne, (pure and tine.)
Lubin's Extracts, Pomade.
Butterfly Cravats, China Dolls.
Fancy Tuck Combs.
Blaek Flax Thread, Satinets.
Cassimere, for suits. '
Embroidery Cotton, Silk Gloves.
Silk Tissue, for veils.
Bleached Shirting, Leather Belts.
DeBoge, for travelling dresses.
Ladies' Merino Vests. ?
Low-pricod Ladies' Hose.
i"ancy Vost and Dress Buttons.
Diaper Pins, Agate Buttons.
Gent's Linen Collars, Matches.
Black and Colored Silk Belting.
Brooms, Black and C reen Tea.
Spool Cotton, all numbers.
Boys' Half Hose, Felt Hats.
Ruta Baga Turnip Seed, ifcc. Aug 22 i
Orlando 2L li?tes
RESPECTFULLY informs his former
customers and friends, and the public
in general, that he has established himself
on tho corner of Gates and Washington
streets-one square South of tho Shiver
House-where lie has opened, and offers
for sale, the following new and carefully
purchased GOCDS, viz:
SUGARS, COFFEE, TEA,
Soda Biscuit, Boston Crackers, Butter,
Flour, Soap, Starch, Cooking Soda,
Washing Soda, Pepper, Spice, Ginger, .
Candles, Codfish, Mackerel, Cheese,
Ground Pepper, London Mustard,
Mason's Challenge Blacking,
Mason's Black Writing Ink, Sardines,
Fish Hooks, Matches, Brooms, Buckets,
Washboards, Corn, G. D. Caps,
Waterproof Caps, Tobaaco, Padlocks, etc.
All of which must and will be sold as cheap
as the cheapest. Sept 2 G
3 OOO ?ow iLUE ?^0NE'for 8410 *
aug 30 ZEALY^SCOTT & BRUNS
' LADIES' UNDER GARMENTS.
ALARGE assortment of the above, just
received, at low prices.
aug 30 ZEALY, SCOTT & BRUNS.
DURING the temporary absenco of the
subscrilier, he win be pleased to roceivo
and execute any commission connected with
business-buying Drugs and Medicines,
Groceries, Hardware, Bioks, &c.', and sell?
ing auv products that may be forwarded, on
usual cash tertos. E. H. HEINITSH. '
Office No. 20 North 10th street, Philadel?
phia, Pa. _aug 31 y>
PRIVATE and TRA?EENT BOARD, at
a private house, can be obtained at
MRS. H. K. STEELE'S,
Ass?mbly street, near Lamber.
aug 31_ " j3
United States Type Foundry,
Nos. 28, 30 and 32 Contre street, near the
Oitv Hall, New York.
TO PRINTERS ANf PUBLISHERS.
THE undersigned beg to call vouf atten?
tion to their new series of SCOTCH
CUT FACES, from Pearl to Pica, just finish?
ed, specimens of which can be furnished on
application; surpassing, if possible, their
original Scotch Cut Faces, which have given
such universal satisfaction throughout the
THE FANCY TYPE DEPARTMENT ex?
hibits an unsurpassable quantity of styles,
of home origin, and selected fromE?gland,
France and Germany. And their new Ame- .
rican Scripts,- Round Hand and Italian
Scripts, Bordering, etc., aro not to be ex?
celled in this or any other country; and this
tho undersigned mako bold to say of their
specimens-as they have reached a point
originally aimed after-that is, to excel in
quality of tho article furnished, nnd in tho
variety of styles presented for selection
surpassing all similar establishments. Tho
suveral stylos have only to be seen to l?o
Particular attention is flailed to their
German department, wherein is shown? as
splendid Gorman faces and styles as can bo
seen in tho Gorman Confederation or tho
-United States.- Particular attention having
been givon to the selection, in obtaining
tho stvlea from tho best type foundries
throughout Gormany, whether for Book,
Jon or Newspaper Printing.
All Typo cast at their establishment ia
1 now manufactured from tho metal known
as Conner's Unequalled Hard Type Metal.
?JJ- Every article, necessary for a perfect
Pvinthm Office furnished as above.
! Sept *l JAMES CONNEB'8 SONS.