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DAILY PAPER $10 A YEAX ~ "LET O UR JUST CENSURE A TTEND TIJE TRl,Ur,E Fv1L,-.T TRI-WEERLY $7 A YEAIL'
By I. A. SIELBY, COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1865. VOLOL-NO. 1847,
1 IS PUBLISHED
D ?JL Y AND TR I- WE ERL Y.
? EVERY WEDNESDAY.
BY JlfLIAK A. SELBY.
TE ft MS-IN AD VANCE.
Dailv Papel-, six. ruc-ntha.$5 00
Tri-W?e?v, .? * " .3 50
Weekly, " ? " .2 00
Single carnies of thc Daily and Tri-Weekly,
10 cunts; ol Hie Weekly, 15 cents.
Insertad in either tlie Daily orTri-SWeekly at
11 per square for thc ilrst insertion, and 75
oonts for each subsequent insertion. In the
Weekly, $1 a square-. ?
?ST'Spe'eial notices 15 cents a line.
! CHARLESTON, August li), 18G?5.
To his Excellency li. F. Perry, Provi?
sional Governor, tte., dec.
(TOVEUSOK: III pursuance of your
instructions, I proceeded to the"head?
quarters of Maj. Gen. Gillmore, coni
mauding the Depaitment of South
parolina. General Gillmore informed
ino that the courts, the character and
procedure of which I Avas directed to
investigate, had no jurisdiction what?
ever as to any questions connected
with real ?state; that they were, in
fact, instituted only to investigate
those usual claims which arise^n the
ordinary course of business between
resident citizens and troops in mili?
tary occupation. That as to the lands
within the lines of military occupa?
tion, he Jiad no authority as to ques?
tions either of possession or title, the
whole subject, in all its connections,
having recently been transferred to the
newly cr ?ted Bureau of Refugees,
Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. He j
therefore forwarded your letter to
Maj. Gen? Saxton, the Commissioner
<<f that Bureau for this department, 1
and referred me to that officer for such 1
information as 1 was instructed to,
1 accordingly proceeded to Beaufort, I
the headquarters of Gen. Saxton. :
Gen. Saxton received me with great
courtesy, and furnished me every fa- I
oility for the examination of the Acts,
orders n:ul circulars creating the bu?
reau and prescribing its duties.
I will best discharge tho duty as?
signed me by placing before you an
abstract of these various documents.
I do not think it necessary to refer to
the older Acts of Congress, farther
than to ?pi?te from the Act of July,
1864, the following definition of
"Properly, real or personal, shall
be regarded as abandoned where the
lawful owner thereof shall be volunta?
rily absent- therefrom, and engaged
either in anns or otherwise, in aiding
or encouraging the rebellion." t
On March 3, 18(55, an Act was ap?
proved by the President, enacting
"That there is*kereby established in
the Wa;* Department, to continue
during the present war of rebellion,
and for one year thereafter, a bureau
of refugees, freedmen and abandoned
lauds, to which shall be committed, as
hereinafter provided, the supervision
and management of ail - abandoned
lands and the control of ?ill subjects
relating to refugees and freedmen
from rebel States, or from any district
of country within the territory em?
braced in the operations of the army,
nuder snell rules and regulations as.
may be prescribed by the head ol the
bureau and approved by tho Presi?
After providing the official machine?
ry for the working of tho new bu?
reau, thc Act provides, section 4:
^ "That tile Commissioner, under the
direction of the President, shall have
authority to set apart, for the use of
loyal refugees " and freedmen, such
tracts of ?and within the insurrection?
ary States JUS shall have been aban?
doned, or to which the United States
shall have acquired title by confisca?
tion or sale, or otherwise; and to
every male citizen, whethefcrefugee or
freedmen, as" aforesaid, there shall be
assigned not more than forty acres of
such land, and the persons to wb.oni
it was assigned snail be protected *u
the use and enjoyment of the kind for
the torin of three y eal's, at au annual
rent not exceeding six per centum
upon the value of such land as it was
appraised by the State authorities in
the year eighteen hundred and sixty,
for the purposes of taxation; and in
case no such appraisal can be found,
then the rental shall be based upon
the estimated value of the land in said
year, to be ascertained in such manner
as tho Commissioner may proscribe.
At the end of the said term, cu- any time
during said term, tho occupants of
any parcels so assigned may purchase
the land and receive such title thereto
as the United States can convey, upon
paying therefor the value of the land
as ascertained and ?xed for the pur
poae of determining the annual rent
On May 22, 1865, Major-Genera]
Howard, Commissioner of the Bureau,
issued the following order:
"It is ordered that all abandono/J
lands in said States now under culti?
vation by the freedmen be retained in
their possession until the crops now
growing shall be secured for theil
benefit, unless full and just compen?
sation be made for their labor and It
products, and for expenditures.
"The above order will not be sc
construed ac to relieve disloyal per
, sons from the consequences of theil
disloyaky, and the application for the
restoration of lands by this class o
persons will in no case be entertains
by any military authority." ,
On June 2, 18(55, the -Presiden
issued an Executive Order which wai
extended by tho War Department
"Ordered, Tint all Officers of tk<
Treasury Department, all militar;
officers, and all other in tho service o
the United Stat?s, turn over to th?
authorized officers of said Bureau, al
abandoned lands and property eon
tcmplated in s;tid Act of Congress
approved March :*?, 18t>5, establishing
the Burean* of Refugees, Freedmei
and Abandoned Lands, n- L may no\
be under their control. u<-y wi!
I also turn over to such ollie ill fund
? collected by tax or otherv. .?.: for th
?euefit of refugees or freedmen, v
?cruiug from abandoned land o
j property set apart for their use, an
I will transfer to them all official record
connected with the administration c;
I affairs which pertain to said bureau.
\ The military officers of this depart
nient have been ordered by Gen. Gil
more, in an order issued a few day
since, to deliver up tho property bel
by them iu this department to th
On June 27, #SG5, a circular lette
from tho Secretary of the Treasur
"Officers of this department chan
ed with the care and supervision o
or having in their possession or undi
their eontrol, any abandoned or coi
liscable lands', houses and tenement
will turn them over to a duly antho
i/.cd officer of the Bureau of Iv
fugees, Freedmen and Abandom
Lands, so fara;;.they may be require
or demanded by tho same, togeth
. with all monies, books, records, ar
papers, arising from or relating lo tl
property so turned over, talcing prop*
receipts or vouchers therefor. Th
rule will also govern the action of ;
agents of this department connect*
in any way with the care of free
men, so far as iL jany be applicabl
"And ak persons asking for any i
formation in regard to the properly
turned over, or for the release of tl
same, oj- for tho release of any pi
coeds or monies arising therefroi
will be referred to the Commission
of Refugees, Freedmen and Abonda
ed Lands, nt Washington, to whe
communications on the subject shon
On July 28,' 18G5, Circular No.
was issued from Ike Chief of this E
reaxi, Gen. Howard? declaring "
confiscated and^ abandoned lands a
other confiscated and abandoned p:
perty that are now or may hereof
be under the control of the Bureai
tobo "set apart for the use of lo
refugees and freedmen, and so nm
a? may bc necessary to be. assigned
them," according to acts and ord*
above quoted, and "that no part
parcel of said confiscated or aband?
ed property shaljl bo surrendered
restored to the former owner there
or other claimants thereto, exc<
such surrender or restoration be
thoriztal by said Commissioner. " 'J
circular further declares:
* -3. "Whenever any aban dor cd lands
or other abandoned property that snail
come into possession of the burean
does not fall under-the definition of
'abandoned' as set forth in Section 2,
Act July, 1864, it will be formally sur?
rendered by the Commissioner of the
Bureau, upon clear proof tlfcit the
claimant did not abandon the proper?
ty in the sense defined. In the sur?
render or restoration of any property?
tho requirements of Circular No. 3,
Current Series, from this Bureau, will
bo carefully observed. (Circular No.
3 is quoted above as order of May 22,
1865.) *' * * * *
"6. The pardon oi the President
will not be understood to extend to
tho surrender of abandoned or con?
fiscated property, which hos boen
'set apart for refugees and freedmen,'
or in uso for ?he employment and
general welfare of all persons within
the lines of national military occupa?
tion within said insurrectionary
States, formerly held as slaves, or who
aro or shall become free."
Thia abstract will furnish your Ex?
cellency-, without any comment of
mine, a clear idea of the condition of
possession and title of nearly all the
lauds of South Carolina ?below tide
water, of much that was abandoned in
the more interior bf the State during
Sherman's march, and of a very largo
proportion of the< city property of
Columbia and Charleston. A<s 1 un?
derstand, application before tho
bureau must rest upon one of two
grounds only. 1. That the lands
were really not "abandoned." in the
sense of the definition of tho Act; ?r
2. That the property was bona fide
before tho war settled on women and
minors, who, when their interests are
j separate, cannot be punished ?Or the
j acts of their husbands and fathers,
which they could in no way control.
Applications for restoration in this
State must be made through General
I Saxton's Headquarters, from which
tlie application, with his endorsement
of approval or disapproval, passe * to j
Headquarters of Commissioner of the
Bureau at Washington. The applica
I tion should bo,sworn to, and winni lie j
desires it necessary, the proof submit?
ted to General Saxton, or to the
agents whom he may appoint.
I do not consider it within tho duty
assigned nie by your Excellency to
enter, in this communication, upon
the consideration of any of the vei'jfl
grave questions which thc subject
suggests. Respectfully, ?
WM. HENRY TRESCOT.
NEOBO SQFFKAGK IN QUIO.-Govern?
or Todd, in a recent speech in Ohio, I
s lid :
"Now;, as to this amendment to our
State Constitution whereby the negro
shall he permitted to vote in Ohio, I
! would say that my only objection to
it is that I don't think it is to the inte?
rest of the blackman to settle in Ohio.
Slavery being abolished in the South?
ern States now, J think the climate,
.soil and productions of tho Soutli are j
much better fitted for him, and he for I
them, than at the North. I should be |
sorry to mislead the negop from his j
true interests; hence, I think it would
be unwise to invite him to come here,
as we would by giving him the. right j
of suffrage here. The true friend to |
the blackman will discharge his duty j
to him better by advising him to seek :
a climate where slavery does not exist;
a climate and a country more conge- j
nial to his tastes and inore profitable j
to his labor than these Northern States !
and this Northern climate can be." I
South America is still tho? scone of
slaughter and convulsion. The war
between Paraguay and Brazil is raging
I fiercely. In a late naval conflict the
Brazilians won a decisive victory over
the Paraguayans, but at the same time
thc latter invaded Brazil with an army
I of 7,01)0 men, who took possession of
a large fortified place called Borga,
after a desperate conflict: In the
action between the fleets of the two
States, the Paraguayans, who com?
menced the attack near Oorientes with
eight steamers and six gun-boats
mounting very heavy guns, lost their
Admiral, who was killed, and 1,700
officers and men killed, wounded and
missing, besides four steamers and all
their gun-boats. The Brazilian loss,??
though not so great, was considerable.
A remarkable sign of thc immense
change product*! in France by the
Emperor, is found in til? absence at
this moment of all the members of-tho
Government, together with the Em?
peror and Empress; from Paris, and
the extreme peace and good order of
that once turbulent capital. Trade is
not very good at present, and bank?
ruptcies are numerous-yet the Pari?
sians are as quiet as any other people
THE BRITISH BARK MELBOURNE,
_ Captad Fosh, having a portion of her
cargo rcadv, will have despatch for thc
above port." Apply to GIBBES & CO.,
Sept 1 3 Auger's Wharf, Charleston.
ARCfflBAU) GEM & CO.,
12fi end 128 Meiling Street,
9 CHARLESTON, S. C.
F. A. WII.COXSON, Ageni
Orange: g, S. C.
EDMUND A. SOUDER tb ( .,
LIVINGSTON, FOX & CO., Agents,
KS" LIBERAL ADVANCES made on CON?
SIGNMENTS._Aug 15 Smo*
?im hm HAMME
Insurance Agency !
TUPPER & LANE
1(13 MEETING ST., CHARLESTON, S.*C.,%
REPRESENT tho following first-class
GREAT WESTERN INSURANCE COM?
PANY. OL' NEW YORK.
SECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY, OF
PHOENIX FIRE INSURANCE COMP'NY,
OF NEW YORK, >
MANHATTAN INSURANCE COMPANY,
OF NEW YORK.
International Insurance Company, of New
North American. Insurance'Companv, of
With aggravate cash capital of over
Fire, Murine and Inland Risks taken on
rensonahlo terms,*and louses promptly set?
S. Y. TUPPER. A. A. LANE.
For particulars, applv to
ZEALY, SC?1TT & BRUNS,
Au? 14 2i> frAsscmbly street.
J. II. BAGOETT ?te CO.,
Factors and Commission Merchants
ARGEirs SOUTH WHARE,
CHARLESTON; S. C.
SELL in this Market, or ship to New York
or Liverpool, both. Long and Short Sta?
ple COTTON. Liberal advances on ship
"mcnts, aud returns made in gold? or trea?
sury notes, ns instructed.
J. H. RAGGETT. E. M. SPEIGHTS.
G. El. Chichester,
. RE AI* ESTATE BROKE?.,*
ls li ROAR STREET, CHARLESTON.
AGENT for the purchase and salo of
-REAL ESTATE m any of thc Southern
For thc REPAIRING, RENTING, ?c, of
Owners of property in Charleston, un
n.voidably detained in the np,country, can
have their property taken care of and
promptly attended to hy sending to above
a Power ol' Attorney, to assume control of
tho sann-, un;il thc-owners return. Iu?>r
mation as to ?he condition of property in?
jured by shells, and otherwise, with proba?
ble expensed repairing, sent?n application
USC" Wanted to purchase, for parties
seeking investment of Kcal Estate, in South
Carolina, several PLANTATIONS, in work,
in g or. 1er, in thc upper portion of the State.
Willis- <& ?his?lm7
Factor*, Commission Merchants,
AND SHIPPING A GENTS.
OFFICE, MILLS HOUSE,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
r. WTT.T.TP. * ' A. It. CHISOUr.
WILL attendoto tho pun hase sale and
shipment (to foreign anduomestic
p"rts) of COTTON, RICE, LUMBER,
NAVAL STORES;to thc collection of Drafts,
Purchase aud Salo of all Securities. Con?
signments of Vessels solicited. '
Messrs. Joffn Fraser A Co., Charleston,
Messrs. Geo. W. Williams A Co., "
George Schley, Esq., Augusta, Ga.
T. S. Metcalf, Esq.,
Mcs*s. Clark, Dodge & Co.? New York.
Messrs. Murray h Nephew, " "
Messrs. J:. W. 'Clark A Co., Philadelphia,
Messrs. Pendergast, Fenwick A Co., Bal
timon;. Md. *
Messrs. Samuel Harris A Sons, Baltimore
Md. f Av* 8 26
AT HIS RESIDENCE,
Corner Blending and Bidl Streets,
FINE COKSETTS, Black SEWING SDLK,
Ladies' BUCK GAUNTLETTS and
Ladies' White KID GLOVES.
Ladies' Mourning and Emb'd H'DK'FS.
SILVER THIMB LlIS, SCISSORS.
K-y ltinps, CrH^c Collars.
Cologne, (pure and fino.)
Lubin's Extracts, Pomade.
Butterfly Cravat?, China Dolla.
Fancy 'l uck Combs.
Black Flax Thread, Satinets.
Cassimcre, for suits.
Embroidery Cotton, Siik Gloves.
Silk Tissue, for veils.
Bleached Shirting, Leather Belts. ,
DeBegc, foi1 travelling dresses.
Ladies' Merino Vests.
Low-priced Ladies' Hose.
Fancy Vest ai>d Press Huttons.
Diaper Pins, Agate Buttons.
Gent's Linen Collars, Matches.
Black and Colore:! S?k Pelting.
Brooms, black and Green Tea. '
Spool Cotton, all numbers. *
Boys' Half Hose, Felt Hats.
Buta Raga.Turnip Seed, ?fcc. Aug 22 i
CHAfiLOTTI'7, A", c.
THE exercises of tho Colloge, and of the
Preparatory Department counocted
with it. will bc resumed on the 2Sth of SEP?
' As a measure necessary to tho support of
tho BAitution in the existing derangement
I "of its finances, the Board of Trustees have
suspended, for twelve months, the privilego
of-using Scholarships in tho payment of.
Tuition S20 f>r thc session of five months,
and Board $10 per month-payable in-ad?
vance, in specie, or its equivalent in curren?
cy br provisions.
Itris desirable tbp.t Students should bring
with them snell hooks' as they may require;
also such articles of furniture for their
rooms as they may bc able Fo transport.
For other particulars address the subscri?
ber, to the care (for the present) of Dr. E.
Nvc Hutchison, Charlotte.
J. L. KIRKPATRICK,
Aug 22 Imo . President.
THE 0?MGWG, & C0LL1BU
EUXS a CARRIAGE or SPRING WAGON
to Orangeburg, at 2. p. m., Tuesdays,
Thursdays'and Saturdays-making connec?
tion with tile Charleston trains tho following
On arrival of traill on Monday, AVednos
day and Fridav, a vehicle starts "for Colum?
bia. For passage, apple to J. II. FOWLES
or E. COFFIN, at the store of K. M. Stokes,
Plain street. _ _ Sept 2 4?
CHARLESTON TO NEW YORK.
?rn THE new first
?.?^^f^CTi class steamer MO
''''T^r^^TxV NEKA, Charles P
^^^^^^^^^^^ Marshman, Cou?
^^^^r^?m?^as^ B lt I D G15 ,? J. W.
Bal ch , Commander,
Will leave Charle '.on, S. C., direct for
Now York, alternately, THURSDAYS each
For freight or passage-having hagdsomo
State Room accommodations-appljMf1
Fi A. WILCOXSON, Agent, ;m?
. Orangeburg, S. C.
? ARCHIBALD GETTY & CO.,
l'Xj lind 12? Meeting st., Charleston, S. C.
LI Vi NGSTON, FOX & CO., Agents,
Aug 15 2mo_. New York.
Offi?s Gen. Sup. W- and M. R. R.,
WIL?ITNGTON, N. C., A ?c. 24, A?.
CHA NGE OF SCHEDULE. ,
ON and after SUNDAY, 27fch, daily trains
will run over the Wilmington and Man?
chester Railroad, between Kingsville and
Wilmington, as follows:
Leave Kingsville daily nt.7.35 p. m.
" Wilmington " at.?ji;.00a. ta.
Arrivs Kingsville " at .1.25 a.m.
" Wilmington" at.3.05 p.m.
There is daily communication 'North by
rail from WBmirgton, and senii-wedkly by
.steamer. Tites? trains connect with train?
on the North-eastern Railroad^Choraw and
Darlington Railroad and Wilmington and
Weldon Railroad. There is a linc of stages,
between Sumter and Camden connecting
with these trains. *
HENRY M. DRANE,
i i aug 28 16 General Superintendent.