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litJ.A S=Y CLU IAS. .,SAURAY oRiN,,SEPTEJMER 9v 1865. VOL.LNO
DAILY AND TR I- W EE KL Y.
WEB?CtV . GtE&NEfc
Jg EVERY WEDNESDAY.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Daily Taper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weekly, " " .a 60
"Weekly., ". ' " .:... 2 00
I . Single cwpios of tho Daily ami Tri-WeeUy,
10 cents; of thc Weekly, 15 cents.
Inserted in either the Daily or Tri-Weeklv at
$1 per squarefor the ftrst insertion, and 75
cent? for each' subsequent insertion. In the
"Weekly, $1 a square.
JtWrSpecial notices 15 cents a b'ne.
All thc prophecies that have boen
* made respecting thc length of Napo?
leon ILT's ascendancy, have failed of
justification by the event. jMany in
. genious men, who had noted that ?no
government lind lasted long in France
since tin? meeting of tho States-Gene
. rid, in 17S9, were convinced, says the
Boston Trav?kr, that the present Em?
peror's power woi?d afford no excep?
tion to tho rule, and they ga-fe their
speculations and predictions to the
world; but, thus far, both as 'specu
lators.and prophets, they have failed
signally. There were several govern?
ments in France between the spring
of 1789. and the autumn of 1799, and
Bonaparte came into power in less
Mian eleven years after the meeting of
the States-General. Misrule, as Con?
sul and Emperor, and including the
Hundred Days, lasted for about six?
The Orleans monarchy fell in its
eighteenth year. "What could be more
logical than to infer that the Third
Napoleon was to" have a brief career?
Accordingly, he was sentenced to fall
.koon; but the sentence has not .been
carfted inti) execution. It will be
seventeen years, pome next December,
since Napoleon III placed himself at
the head of' France, ?and fourteen
years since the coup ci'efa/ which made
him Emperor. He has already ruled
longer than his uncle ruled, or than
the old Bourbons managed to hold tho
throne of France. Louis Phillippe is
yet ahead of him; but if the Emperor
should continue to keep up a year
longer, he will have distanced the
From present appearances, and sup?
posing his life to be spared, he will
break the spoil " that is supposed to
doom French monarchs to short
reigns. He is so prudent that he does
not encourage men to attempt Iiis
overthrow. His uncle Vas Ohe of
these gentlemen who could not bear
good fortune well, and whose offen?
siveness of demeanor sets everybody
in arms agaiilst them; and this arro?
gance of his had more to do with
working his fall than his Spanish po?
licy, his continental system and his
Bussian war. ' He trampled on every?
body, from a Russian Emperor to a
Portuguese pensant; and he was hated
. as heartily by Jacobins; as by German
\ nobles. Napole?n III is a very differ?
ent man. He is as avaricious ofjpow
eras Napoleon I in his most despotic
days, but he is content with tho sub?
stance of it, and does not snap at th?,
shadow. The moat l-emarkablo thinf.
"about his quarrel with Prince Napo
leon" is, that it involves something of i
departure from his System of modera
tion in language, as appears from th?
imperial letter. That letter has mon
of the First Napoleon's style in it thai
anything else that ever has come fron
the Third Napol?;oir, and could tin
truth be known, probably it would b<
t seen that the writer regrets that lp
eyer exchanged the cautious style fo:
the rasping style of the founder of thi
Those persons who will have it tha
the French Emperor must fall-that
unlike Louis XVIII, he is to form n<
m exception to the fate of almost ever;
man who has reigned ki France io
more than ninety years-may fee
. sanguine over the^ political defeat
which he has sustained of late, on th'
occurrence of elections for members o
the legislative ha?j. "So long a
these debutes took place in Paris
they do not count for- much. Paria'
position is two-fold; to domineer over
Franee, and to oppose, if not abso?
lutely to hate, those by whom France
is governed. Paris disliked Louis
XVI, and overthrew him, and assisted
at his ?xecution. Paris hated tho
Jacobins, and overthrew them, and
shouted around the scaffold on which
died Robespierre and St. Just. Paris
hated the Directory, and approved of
Bonaparte's conduct when he substitu?
ted Consuls for Directors. Paris hated
the first " Empire, and welcomed tho
Allies when*, in 1814, they smashed
Napoleon I's throne. P;tris hated tho
Bourbons, and on the throe glorious
days of July, 1830-which now seem
fur off-drove them from their places,
which seemed destined to know them
no more forever.
Paris disliked tho House of Orleans,
and gave many helping hands when
barricades were erected against the
throne of the barricades. .And Paris,
recollecting the days of December,
hates the second (or third? which is it?)
empire; but this the Emperor has not
much troubled himself about, seeing
that she hated all his predecessors of
all colors-white, blue, red, tri-color
-and is sure to hate all his successors,
whatever their colors may happen to
bc-tri-color, red, blue or white.' He
may have rather liked the opposition
of the capital, aa tending to help him
in the provinces, which are jealous of
Paris, though unable to take a share
off its yoke. So that he saw the elec?
tion of opposition members by Paris?
ian voters, perhaps with some ap
I prooch to that indifference which is
i the ordinary expression of his rather
dull face. But it is quite another
[ matter when the provinces begin to
imitate the capital, and there are in?
dications of an alliance between town
and country against "the elected of
the French people." If discontent
has really penetrated into the "rural
; districts" of Fran?e, tho matter is in
i deed serious, for not a small portion
of the population of those districts is
composed of men who at one time
were fanatical imperialists, and whose
support the Government counted on
as 'something strictly in the regular
course of things.
The last of the Government's de?
feats occurred in tho district repre?
sented by the Duke de Morny at tin
time be fell into that illness of which
he died. His death made a vacancy
and tliat vacancy has been rilled bj
the eimile of the opposition candi
date, the vote standing, for the oppo?
sition, 14,140-for the Government
12,1<S8; majority against tho Govern
ment candidate, 1,952. This is a larg?
"majority to be given in the. Pay dc
Dome, thc name of the district, con
sideling that M. do Alorny, tho Em
peror's uterine brother, was- supreme
there, and that the district was ono o
the most loyal in France. M. Moy
nadier' was officially announced a
"the candidate of the Emperor'
Government," and yet be was beaten
though everything .-.coined to favo
bim. The opposition themselvo
wore surprised, not appearing to hav
anticipated sucoess, and their actio:
Was rather an improvised affair tba
' the result of a regular plan. Follow
ing otilar defeats, this .decision ad
versely to the Government, occurin?
in one of its old strongholds, is cu.
ciliated fo make the rulers of Franc
reflect on the state of affairs. Wh?
if it should find extensive imitntioi
and the opposition should becoin
strong in the legislative body?
In England, there Avouldbea chanp
of ministry, for there an oppositio
party is a portion of the policy und*
which tho country lives; but i
^Franco they do not luidersti'lnd tl
'functions ?of such a party, and tl
fall of a ministry through a parli
mcntary change, and yet the Execi
tive Government remaining intact,
all but incomprehensible to tl
French, though something ought t
have been learnt on the matter durii
the generation in which France had
Parliamentary Government, in nan
at least-that is, from 1814 to 184
But whatever approach was made
constitutionalism at that time
France, the impression has wo:
away, and opposition successes a
there regarded as victories won at t
expense of the Imperial Governme
itself, not^ na the triumphs of o
party over another, and both loyal to
the reigning house.
The Eniperort who is a man of
sense, aud who jp acquainted with all
politics, may be able to understand
the business, and may sec it in what
ought to be its true light; but his sup?
porters do not understand it, and may?
be tempted to fall from him, under
thc belief that he is soon to fall, that
being thc usual course; of political
things in France. He must, there?
fore,- act in such way as shall secure
the fidelity of his supporters, and
satisfy Frenchmen that the opposition
are not a power, no matter what the
number and the weight of their sue- ?
cesses at .elections. He may lind it
necessary to put himself in opposition
to the opposition, and thus tho con?
test become one between his dynasty t
and the discontented party, though at
present it may be, and most probably
it is, nothing of the kind. In this
lies his dinger; for the changes of
1830 and 1843 proceeded from at?
tempts on the part of the Govern?
ment _ to contend against public
opini?n; and in a contest of tho kind
he may prove as unfortunate as were
Charles X and Louis Philippe.
All reflecting and intelligent men
admit that the prosperity of the coun?
try can only be re-established by the
restoration of that condition of pro?
found peace which prevailed ' before
the late civil war. If sectional pre?
judices and the passions which were
kept alive by the events of the war
t continue, the mere termination of
hostilities is not peace. If interested
politicians, greedy office-holders, hun?
gry place-hunters and radical journals
keep up an incessant fire of the poi?
soned weapons of defamation and
slander, the splendid victories of thc
Union armies will bcalrcoct barren of
good results. Hundreds of thousands
of lives were sacrificed to restore the
Union, and an enormous national
debt was contracted for the same pur?
pose. Tho prodigous resources and
indomitable energies of the Northern
States were unsparingly employed
? during four years to accomplish this
j result. To restore the Union, crnsh
I out the doctrine of secession and abo?
lish slavery, were the groat oonsider.i
! tions which actuated the statesmen
and soldiers of tho United States.
Their triumph, the people of the
South admit, has been complete. Tho
I Confederacy has been utterly annihi?
lated, the authority ot' the laws and
Constitution of the United States
fully restored, secession is dead, und
slavery is at its last gasp, ?md by the
1st of January, l?S(,<?, it will be dead.
The mighty armies of the Union
having accomplished all that was ro
quired of them, have been disbanded."
The officers and soldiers who compose
those armies ure satisfied with the re?
sult, and they declare tliat the punish?
ment which has been visited upon the
people of the South is as j terrible as
the most implacable could desire.
Having exposed themselves to every
danger, hardship and privation of.the
war, and carried the banners ol' tho
Union into the heart bf thc Confede
racy,'they know that a people can be
fearfully punished without calling in
the aid of the hangman or of the con?
fiscator. When the defeated people
have heretofore failed in an exhaustive
effort at revolution, they have randy
suffered half as much as the people of
tho Confederate States have done.
Hundreds of thousands of the bravest
und most promising young men of the
South have been killed, and more than
three-fourths of our wealth has been
utterly destroyed. The proud hopes
of the leaders of the Confederacy have
been utterly crushed, and thc people
of the South, from being among thc
most prosperous, are now the-very
poorest in all Christendom.
Tho "punishment of the South" has '
been as complete as those whose valor
restored the supremacy of the Uniqn
desired it to be. From all that we
can learn, the disbanded Union of?
ficers and soldiers are, almost to a
man, humanely and conservatively in?
They know how absolutely necessary
peace, in its broadest and most catho?
lic acceptation, now is to the happy
consummation of the work which they
fearlessly perilled so much to accom?
plish. North and South, wc-believe,
thc groat mass of tho good, men and
statesmen of all parties earnestly desiro
thc i-e-ostablishment of a Union of
States, possessing precisely the same
legal and political rights. j
lt is greatly to bc deplored that thc
wishes, hopes and aspirations of tho
soldiers and conservative masses of
both sections arc at this time utterly
contemned and disregarded by an ac
tive, merciless and most unpatriotic
faction, who are engaged in the trea?
sonable work of impeding and pros?
trating the work which thu armies of
United States have so thoroughly per?
formed. If there arc at this time any
men who deserve to bc punished as
"disunionists," they arc those wicked
radicals who are now laboring to pre?
vent ten States from cheerfully return?
ing to the Union, with all their civil
rights. If there ai* now any "contu?
macious," "sullen" and "rebellious
traitors," whoso personal hostility to
tho Government calls loudly for chas?
tisement, they are to bo found among
the followers of Horace Greeley and
Wendell Phillips. The radicals alone,
of all the parties and factions in, this
country, aro boldly and malignantly
"in rebellion" against the deolared
policy of President Johnson.
The people of the South are render?
ing a cheerful obedience to thc Con?
stitution and laws, a?d are giving a
cordial, support to the President's po?
licy to restore them and their States
to their original status in the Union. *
No where has he warmer and more
confiding friends. The resolutions
adopted at the meeting on the Capitol
Square on. Tuesday but breathe the
unanimous spirit of the entir? South.
We want peace. To secure it we have
honestly acknowledged the defeat and
irrevoe.ablo decision against us of all
our late cherished opinions. Seces?
sion is dead-doubly death Tho last
throe of slavery is over, and it only
awaits burial. We henceforth are for
"the Uni?n-one and indivisible," and
hope that President Johnson may be
able to thwart tho radical factionists,
whoso success can only result in tho
degradation of thc South, the perpetu?
ation of discord, and the defeat of his
atbninistration. -Richmond Times.
SUELTOS, CALVO & WALSH,'
HAVE just received from Now York,
Philadelphia ami Baltimore, a large;
"Which they will sell as low as any other
house in thc city at retail.
'Pin y are also prepared to accommodate
their country friends with goods at a slight
advance on Charleston prices.
Ladies' SHOES, of all patterns and sizes.
Gentlemen's SHOES and BOOTS.
Misses', Px'V's and Childrens SCHOOL
SHOES. * *
Boys' HOOTS, donblc-soled.
JM^-n's line French FELT HATS, black and
I jad?es' 'STRAW JOCKEYS and? VEILS.
HOOP SKIRTS, Ladies' WAIST BELTS.
Mon's HOSE. Ladies' HOSE.
TRAVELLING BAGS, SOAPS.
BRUSHES and COMBS, Tooth Brush?. ?
COFFEE, TEA, SUGAR, white and broVn.
MACKEREL, I.ABD, CANDLES,
. SOAP, STARCHMIIICE, CHEESE.
SW EET OIL, SARDINES, MUSTARD.
BLACK PEPPER, BUTTER.
FARINA CRACKERS, in tin cans.
LEMONS, CUMBERLAND SAUCE.
BOLOGNA SAUSAGE, RAISINS.
Wines and Liquors.
l'A LE SHERRY WINE.
BOURBON WHISKEY, inbottles^lso, by
BROOMS, WATER BUCKETS, ?EIVES,
('OPERAS, PAINTED TUBS, BEG ARS.
Chewing Tobacco, Blacking and Brushes.
Rim Knob Locks, Pad Locks.
Prepared Lemonade, Matches.
Whisk Brooms, Table Cutlery.
A large, assortment of TINWARE, (manu?
facturen bv one of the best houses in New
York.) to which -.vc invite the attention of
house-keepers. Sept 7 \'i .
TAKES pleasure in announcing to bia
friend? and patrons that ho has re
opene 1 his Gallery, on Assembly street,
near Plain street. Sept 7
SPECK & m??t7
General Commission Merchants,
J'l<tin street, 2d door from Assembly,
COLUMBIA, S. C. .
WE respectfully solicit a share of the
public patronage. All1 business en?
trusted to us will receive prompt and per?
sonal attention. Wc have now in store an
assortment of DEY GOODS, CLOTHING, ,
PERFUMES, Ac. Also, Groceries, Trovi
sions, sucfc as Sugar, Coffee. Tea, New Or?
leans Molasses, Cheese, Cracker?, Brandies,
Wines and Liquors, Segars, Ac, Ac*, all of
which we offer either at wholesale or retail.
Notice to the Tax-payers of the City
PURSUANT to instructions from the
Council of tlie city of Columbia, I will
bc found, between the hours of 9 a. m. and
2 p. m., at tho Council Chamber, for the
purpose of receiving CITY DUES.
Sept 8 F. H. ELMORE. City Clerk.
THE STOCK and FIXTURES of a whole?
sale and retail DRUG STORE, in the
town of Newberry, S. C., prominently situ?
ated, and of good patronage, wiU be sold at
a bargain, if applied for soon.
Satisfactory reasons assigned for selling.
Address Box 88, Newberry, S. C.
JUST RECEIVED BY
AT HIS RESIDENCE,
Corner islanding ayid Hull Streets,
FLNE CORBETTS, Black SEWING SILK.
Ladies' BUCK GAUNTLETTS and
Ladies' White KID GLOVES.
Ladies' Mourning and Emb'd H'DK'FS.
SILVER THIMBLES, SCISSORS.
Key Rings, Crape Collars.
Cologne, (puro and line.)
Lubin's Extracts, Pomade.
Butterfly Cravats, China Dolls.
Fancy Tuck Combs.
Black Flax Thread, Satinets.
Cassimerc, for suits. .
Embroidery Cotton, Sdk Gloves.
Silk Tissue, for veils.
Bleached Shirting. Leather Belts.
DcBcgc, for travelling dresses.
Ladies1 Merino Vests. ?
Low-priced Ladies' lioso.
Fancy Vest and Dress Buttons.
Diaper This, Agate Buttons. %
Gent's Linen Collars, Matches.
Black and Colored Silk Belting. '
Brooms, Black and Green Tea.
Spool Cotton, all numbers.
Boys' Half Hose, Felt Hats.
Iluta Baga Turnip Seed, Ac. Aug 22 -t
<3r . VC. B E ri Gr .
INFORMS his friends and thc public gene^
rally, that he bas removed his oflico
from his residence, Arsenal Hill, to Messrs.
Stork aud Knssung's dwelling, up stairs,
opposite Mrs. Fenton's, on the North-east?
ern corner of Main and Pendleton streets,
on"o square beyond the new State House. "
Anv business entrusted to his care will
bc faithfully attended to, and the. interest
of his clients will be regarded as bis own.
A. L. SOLOMON,
General Commission Merchant,
Second Door front Shiver House, Plain slrai,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
DEALER in'ioreign and domestic mer?
chandize. Thc highest market prico
I paid for COTTON and COUNTRY PRO?
DUCE in gold or currency. Consignments
solicited, which will receive my ribualprompt
attention. Refer to ,
G. R. Crump A Co., Augusta, Ga.,
LaRoche A Bell, Savannah, Ga.,
Gibbon A Co., Charleston, S. C.,
Kdfcman A Phelps, Charlotte, N. C.,
Fuller ?V Wilkerson, Leasburg, N. C.,
R. T. Richardson, Rcadsvillc, N. C., %
James K. Lea, Yancey ville, N. CM
Chambers A Patrick, Danville, Va., .
Brownly A Co., Petersburg, Va.,
Kent, Paine A Co. RicbmontL, Va. t?
Aug 4 f?27 _
COLUMBIA, S. C.
THE Undersigned, having leased
the. LARGE and COMMODIOUS
I?SLBUILDING known as tho, "Columbia
Methodist FemaleCollege," will'open it as a
FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, on September 7.
T. S. NICKERSON, Proprietor.
OW Papers throughout the State ips*rr
twic< ? week fer ?ye weeks, and send bills
to tH* office. ' Aug 17