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BY Jr A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13, 1865. VOL. I-NO. 142,
D A IL Y AND TRI- WE ERL Y.
% BY JULIAN A. SELBY
TERMS-IN A D VA N C E..
Dailv Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-WeeHy, " " .3 50
Weekly, * " " .2 00
Single eepins of the Daily and Tri-Weekly,
10 cents; ot the Weekly, 15 cents.
Insertad in either the Daily or Tri-Weeklv at
$1 per scpiare for the lirst insertion, and 75
.cents for each subsequent insertion. In the
Weekly, SI a square.
jeySpeeial notices 15 cents a line.
Reign of Terror In Mexico.
"We were yesterday called upon by !
Capt. E. Moore, si citizen of New Or- j
leans, who gave us details of unusual I
interest with regard to matters in |
Mexico. In 1861. Capt. Moore, t?ien j
master of the ship Ashland, was l
wrecked ou the Pacific coast, with his ?
wife and three children, took up his j
residence at Mazatlan, a Mexican city j
of about 17,000 inhabitants. Just
previously, there bad been u great in- j
tlux of Americans and other foreigners '
to Mazatlan and that neighborhood, j
in consequence of tile encouragement ;
given by the Juarez Government, and :
n promise that bona fide settler's should i
not bc subject to taxation fora period I
of live years. The number that omi- i
grated from California, under the ?
Juarez d&:ree, is estimated at ?,000. j
Some had engaged in cotton raising,
some in mining, and others in nier- j
chaudize. The combined interest of
these new .settlers is represented as ;
When tko French invasion was an?
nounced, the Americans, d' course,
sided with the Liberal party, and
formed themselves into military com- j
panics in conjunction with the Mexi?
cans. But the Mexicans, true to their I
past history, could not agree among '
themselves. A local quarrel broke out 1
among their chiefs. Gov. Morales
was obliged to abdicate, and (Ten.
Carony took possession of the city. \
Previous to that. Gov. Vega had been i
deposed. ?hese local disagreements :
resulted in what then was regarded as
a complete reign of terror, and for
four weeks there was a carnival of
blood. The foreign element of the
population, particularly Americans,
were plundered and slaughtered in a
most reckless manner. Finally, the
French fleet made its appearance one
bright Saturday morning, at 9 o'clock,
and demanded the surrender of the
city. This was refuged by the party
.who, for the time being, were in
power, and the French retired, with a
threat of bombardment if the sur?
render were not made by a certain
hour on the following day.
During the night, the Liberal forces
withdrew, after giving up the city to
plunder, and os then- was no indica?
tion of a compliance with the demand
for the surrender of the place, the
French, on the arrival of the hour
designated, proceeded to pour shot
and shell on the unresisting inhabi?
tants. Quite a number were killed
men, women and children; but at
length the Prefect, accompanied by
thc Prussian Consul, approached the
fleet with a flag of truce, und agreed
to thc French demand.
Thereupon the French sent ashore
a large body of marines, who for
mally took possession of the city.
Shortly afterwards, a Mexican force,
in the Imperial service, commanded
by a renegade half-breed of guerilla
notoriety, named Lazado, came in
and was quartered among the people
as a provost guard. The previous
reign of terror was now intensified.
Mexicans who refused to recognize
the now order of things were shot
down in 4he streets like dogs, and
foreigners who sided with the Libe?
rals fared but little better. Seizures,
confiscations and butcheries were
every-day occuirenecs. Everything
was demanded, and nothing paid for,
None of the securities-none of the
sanctities-of life remained. Women
we."? o'?ti*?g??.??.iicl xCiXCCCi&Xbd. r'oirsoz.s
and prope/ry were alike insecure.
Martial law was proclaimed, and citi?
zens were, prohibited from appearing
on the streets after drum-tap, at 9 p.
m. ; but this failed to check the rule of
ruffianism and ontrage, which, shield
' ed by darkness, became more secure,
directed as it was against disarmed in?
Lazado, with the instincts and blood !
of a half-savage, played the tyrant as a
whole one. Nothing was too small j
for his avarice, nothing too sacred for
his beastliness. Among others who
fell victims at this time were David j
Eston, an American, connected with !
the mining interest, who for resisting j
robbery, was murdered. Capt. Frazer, ?
from illinois, and Iiis two daughters
to tell their story would make the hair
I of the sensitive stand on end with
I horror-Mr. Stramford and eighteen ?
companions, who were all robbed and
murdered when traveling from Mazat?
lan to Durango, and hundreds of
others, the names of whom could not
be remembered by our informant.
In the course of four weeks. Captain 1
Moore was reduced from comparative
opulence to beggary ; ?15,000 in money ;
was stolen from him, and 80,000
which his little son and a Mexican
boy had found buried in the earth,
was also taken.
The Captain Frazer above alluded I
to had established a cotton plantation
at Presidio, and was doing well, when |
lust and rapine deprived him of his !
It is represented,that in thc battles :
between the Liberals and the Impe?
rialists, no prisoners are taken-no '
auarter is asked or given. "War with
lem is vengeance in its direst form. I
The destruction of Acapulco, when ,
that place w:ts abandoned by the '
French, is said to have boen an net of ;
entire vandalism. Thc whole city was .
turned into a ruin; everything was
destroyed, and desolation took the
place of plenty.
[JYV?C York. Evening Post.
The European pupers .-.re full of the
Asiatic Cholera, which is still striding
towards us, and luis already struck at
Marseilles. The London papers notice ;
the same premonitory symptoms now ?
prevalent in England which preceded
the cholera in the visits it made in i
1831 and 181S. An aggravated form
of diarrhoea has been more than ;
usually prevalent. The same feature
; in our sanitary condition, I may men- ?
j tiou. has been noticed in New York ;
I this Hummer. It is getting too late in j
I the season, however, to expect much j
I damage from the epidemic here this j
I year, but by next spring we must pre- ]
j pare to feel its dreadful presence in j
I Comic papers, after the style of j
I Punch, do not succeed in America.
I Why they fail has been a question j
j much discussed by the newspaper
j philosophers. At least twenty efforts
! have been made in New York during
j the past twenty years to esbiblish a
I humorous journal on a permanent
> foundation. They have all proved
disastrous failures, and deservedly
j too. The more prominent examines
(have been "Vanity Fair," "Morans"
j and "Diogenes." They were all
! wishy-washy affairs; their made-to
i order jokes were weak and strained,
j and their caricatures pointless. Some
I other adventurous person has now
j risked his money on a fresh trial, and
we have a new comic paper called
'.Mrs. Grundy." It surpasses all its
i predece ssors in stupidity. The fart
i is, American manners, habits and
j events do not afford ?the same salient
I points for the humorist's pen as do
i the settled customs of the time
! wrinkled society of Europe. There
I is not the. material extant for an Ame?
rican "Pickwick Papers." But where
J the wits are ?it fault, there is a kind of
? broad burlesque whioh often succeeds.
; An iustmce 1 may mention is a sheet
I which has recently appeared on the
I news stands called "TIte Black Jlej>ul>
\liain." Instead of being handsomely
j printed, it looks as if it was written
I with a bad pen. The editor purports
j to be one Pluto Cutt", a gentleman of
i the colored persuasion, and nearly all
j the editorials and advertisements are
written in the negro dialect. Of
I course they burlesque the Republican
I party, and as such they are among the.
I best hits of the day.
. [Cor. Charleston Courier.
Henry Ward Beechar on tine Kat?' of I
Rev. Henry Ward'Becsher, on Sun- i
i day last, delivered a lor g sermon on .
the fate of Mr. Davis. In conclusion,
'tl speak it with a certain reluc?
tance, and the though* oftentimes,
when it comes, even touches me with
grief, but I believe that Mr. Davis,
for example, will he hung. Already
the scene rises before mc. He is
tried; he is convicted; he stands on
the scaffold. All nations have watch?
ed the surt? process of the law; all
nations have listened to thc charges
laid at his door; all nations gather
! about the scaffold. There are some
! things to plead for him. Ho is a
: man of distinguished ability; he has
! conducted this war with pertinacity
I and courage; he waa the belove?! lead
? er of the multitudes of the South,
and even now millions of them would
shield him if they could. He hus a
wife who loves him, and children who
cannot understand his erinn?; he is
surrounded by a mighty innumerable
North, who, the war being over and
its hot passions cooled, have no hate
and no malice, and nothing more and
nothing worse than ;i chastened, sor?
rowful indignation toward him. They
would)release him if they could. If
they could forget the ?lead; if they
were not compassed about with a
great cloud of witnesses; if their bells
of victory won; not drowned by their j
bells of mourning; if they could forget
their country; if they could forget
their (rod. they would give way to
their pity for a brother mun in his ex?
tremity. They hear voices from over
the sea; voices of sympathy for him;
voices of pleading; occasional voices
of threat eui n g. maybe. Bul nothing
avid lr*- uothillg ;i>;iils, ho cniV*T. lie
spared, he would not consent, to peace;
he would not be just; bc wooli! not bc
a patriot; he must die. And the axe
comes down, and thc world shudders,
and thc great traitor is. dead. And I
daini that such a scene ?md spectacle
will do move! for the stability of a
country, and for thc cause of public
order, than almost any dozen great
a?ds of thn.se last four years, lt will
take rank among thc sublimities of
history. It will have a moral dignity
and weight which no magnificent bat?
tles we have fought could have It
wjll engage tho attention of mankind
as mme of our battles have. It will be
more easily comprehended by them.
It will be rebellion and slavery epi?
tomised and embodied in the form and
J^rson of th#?>< chief man. and then
! beheaded f?fr their sins. And the
people will understand that simple
tragic thing. And it will sink into
them. And it will hallow love in
i their feelings forever more. ~Lci, it
come, then. History waits for it. The
greatest work of modern time-our
I loyal war, I mean -waits for its cap?
stone. Let it be raised to its bed.
i Not with shoutings, but in silence
! and with tears, if you please. But
j let it be raise?!. And, in the words of
I otir great martyr when he wrote thc
i decree which has made him immortal:
j "Upon this, our coming solemn act
i of justice, wc invoke the blessings of
' Almighty God and the considerate
j judgment of mankind." Amen and
Every chance of a deficient crop of
I wine in France this season is gradu
! ally disappearing, and although it is
i admitted that tho produce in some
j vineyards will be less than was expect
j ed, the deficiency will be made good
J in other districts, so that a reduction
! in the price of wine is not only proba
? ldc but almost certain.
I The accidents by railroad continue
! daily. Thc New York papers publish
i notices of a collision, with serious
results, on the (ninden and Ambo}
j Railroad, and an explosion of a train
! containing military stores, on a road
! leading into Nashville, on the 7th in
, stunt. A number of persons wen
i killed. _
i The Republican State Conventioi
' ??f Minnesota, on Wednesday of las
I week, after animated balloting, nomi
I nat cd as candidate for Governor Gen
j W. R. Marshall. Resolutions ot th
I most radical character, endorsing
J among other things, ri ogro ..nib; ge
j w^re fidopted
THE SLOMAN FAMILY.-Many of our
citizens who have spent charming
evenings listening to thc inimitable
renditions of "The Mistletoe Bough"
and "Alonzo and Imogen," by Mr.
John Sloman, and the artistic per?
formances, vocal and instrumental,
of his accomplished daughters, the
Misses Elizabeth and Anne Sloman,
will be pleased to read the following
notice of them, which we extract from
the Rochester, North Kent County,
(England,) Gazette, and Advertiser:
THEATBE, ROCHESTER.-Mr. John
Sloman, formerly manager of our
theatre, after a longer absence, has
again appeared among his old friends
and acquaintances, and gave a concert
on Monday last, accompanied by two
of his daughters, whose superior per?
formances, on the harp, piano, Alex?
andre organ, and vocalization, gave
proof of their high cultivation in the
science of music, and delighted a most
discriminating audience, and were
requested to repeat the same. We
have no hesitation in saying, that we
never heard any female artiste that
can compete with Miss Elizabeth Slo?
man on the harp; her execution and
grace merits all our praise and com?
mendation. Miss Anne Sloman's per?
formance of Thalberg's "Home, Sweet
Komc," cm thc piano, the Anvil Cho?
rus, from Trovatore, on the organ,
accompanied by Miss Elizabeth on the
piano, and the vocalization of the two
sisters, not only astonished the audi?
ence by their versatility, but charmed
them by the artistic manner in which
each piece was rendered. A more
chaste ami delightful concert we have
seldom witnessed. Mr. Sloman was
the same Sloman we always knew him.
TKIATJ OP WtRZ. A ehort session of
the military court engaged in the trial
?>f Wirz was hold yesterday; and, al?
though our reports of the proceed?
ings do not convey the intimation, it
is certainly reasonable to presume that
the horrid and nauseating disclosures
made the previous day of the agonies
and tortures which soldiers of the
republie were compelled to bear in
the Andersonville prison pen were so
disgusting, even in their recital, as to
render necessary a short vacation for
the purposes of mental ventilation and
digestion. The nominal reason for
the early adjournment of the court
was.the Illness of Wirz, who, it was
stated by his counsel, was suffering
severe pains in different portions of
his person. Several witnesses, how?
ever, were examined, who confirmed
all that lias been previously testified
to in reference to the sufferings of
national soldiers and tho inhumanity
and brutality of Wirz. Thcstarving,
poisoning and shooting of the cap?
tives, were sworn to by men who had
served in tho rebel as well as in the
national army.-New York Herald, Sth.
The tunnels of all the railways in
France are three hundred and sixty
six in number, and would, if com?
bined, measure three hundred and
soventy-swen leagues in length. Tho
hingest tunnel is that of the Ncrthe,
near Marseilles, on the Lyons Rail?
way, which cost 10,5*00,000 francs;
that of Blaisv, on the same line,
8,000,000 francs, and that of the
(Vedo, between Lyons and Geneva,
6,500,000 francs. The entire cost of
the bridges, viaducts and tunnels on
the various French railroads, amount
to 432,081,053 francs.
The order relative to passports for
pardoned rebel prisoners is the signal
for a general emigration of prominent
rebels, led by General Lee, who will
go to London, and there finish his
history of his military campaign.
Among .others preparing to go are
Generals Longstreet, Ewell, Beaure?
gard. 1). H. Hill, Wheeler, Malone,
Buckner and (hirduer, and it is pro?
bable they will bc accompanied by
hundre ds of others of lesser rank.
A correspondent, who has seen her,
j describes Miss Braddon as a "red
haired, stout, rather vulgar-looking
cockney woman of thirty odd," and
says she has been an itinerant actress
and knows great destitution. The
I combined sait; ol' her book in England
has been 000.000 copies; in America,
250,000; France and Germany, 100,
OJO. Shebas made in the past four
years :-..bon. .?-10.000, .ni.'. iV.nded half
\ of it.
ARCHIBALD GETTY ft' CO.,
12? and 128 Meeting Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
F. A. WILCOXSON, Agent,
Orangeburg, S. C.
EDMUND A. SOUDER & CO.,
LIVINGSTON, FOX & CO., Agente,
*S- LIBERAL ADVANCES made on CON?
SIGNMENTS._Aug 15 2mo*
FIRE 'km mmrm
Insurance Agency !
TUPPER & LANE
163 MEETING ST., CHARLESTON, S. C..
REPRESENT thc following first-class
GREAT WESTERN INSURANCE COM?
PANY. OF NEW YORK.
SECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY, OF
PHOENIX FERE INSURANCE COMP'NY.
OF NEW YORK.
MANHATTAN INSURANCE COMPANY,
OF NEW YORK.
International Insurance Company, of New
North American Insurance Company, of
With aggregate cash capital of over
Fire, Moline and Inland Risks taken on
reasonable terms, and lesses promptly set?
S. Y. TUPPER? A, A. LANE.
For particulars, apply to
ZEALY, SCOTT ? BRUNS,
Aug 14 26 Assembly Htreet.
COPARTNERSHIP NOTICE. ~~
THE subscribers having this day entered
into copartnership, under the firm of
I RI(7/.-S JU > O' Ar E. 1 r F * til V,
For the purpose ot' transacting a GENERAL
COMMISSION BUSINESS, in the purchase
an.l salo of^OTTON and other kinds of
COUNTRY PRODUCE, woola respectfully
inform their friends ami th?- public that
j they are now pn pared to resume the busi?
ness formerly carried on by the senior part
I ncr, (R. 0'Ne.iIe, sr.) Any order:; ontruat
j ed to them will receive "t heir immediate
They are also prepared to receive and
1 store Cotton consigned co thom.
R. O XEALE, SR.
R. O'NEALE, JR.
Columbia. Sept. ll. 1865. Sept. ll t6
j *y Charleston New*. Wionsboro Netos,
? Chester Standard and Charlotte Times will
publish four limes and send bill to this
Notice to Travellers.
COLUMBIA, S. C.. SEPT. ll, 1865.
I AM running a daily line of
?Z^3??_ ^?r'OU li- HORSE COACHES
3??g?gj*gg?rfroni Columbia to Kingsville.
Leave Columbia every day at
10 a. m., connecting with train at Kingsville,
7A o'clock p. m. Returning, leave Kingsville
on the arrival of die train. I have a RE?
LAY OF HORSES half wav.
Sept 12 4* VV. M. BECKHAM.
it;j- Newberry Herald and Greenville En?
terprise copy four times and send bill to
JENKINS & CO.,
IN TEAS ONLY,
RESPECTFULLY inform their old South?
ern friends and others that they conti?
nue to furnish, a? heretofore, a superior
j article of TEA, in their nc ak, convenient
and secure style of metallic packages, con?
taining quarter, half and one pound each;
also, in caddies and original half chests.
Orders bv mail promptly executed. Terms
cash. ' _ _Sept J2 S
lu ?. OEABK?,
' darner Blandina and Bull Streets,
FINE CORSET!?, Black SEWING SILK,
Ladies" BUCK GAUNTLETTS and
Ladies' White KID GLOVES.
Ladies* Mourning and Emh'd H'DK'FS.
SILVER THIMBLES, SCISSORS.
Key Rings, Crape Collars.
Cologne, (pure .md tine.)
Lubm's Extracts, Pomade.
Butterfly Cravats, China Dolls.
Fancy Tuck Combs.
Black Flax Thread, Satinets.
Cassimcre, for suits.
Embroidery Cotton, Silk Gloves.
Silk Tissue, lor veils.
Bleached Shirting. Leather Belts.
DeBuge, for travelling dresses.
Ladies' Merino Vests. ,
Low-priced Ladies' Hose.
Fancy Vest amt Dress Buttons.
t?l ?per Pins, \gate Button-.
Gent's Li?ie.i Cillaio, Match-?
Clack and Colored *<ilk Belting.
Broome, Bli ck ana Green "Tea
spool Cotton, all numbera