Newspaper Page Text
vi? J5X J. A. .orjJUJD.1
COLUMBIA, S. p., THURSDAY MORNING, IEPTEMBE% 21, ?8G5.
.YOL. I-NO. *?*. y
BAIL Y AJ?D TR I- WEEKLY.
BY JV LI AV A. SELBY.
Daily Papor, Mix month*..*5 00
Triweekly, " " . t 50
Wrtkly, " - '-. .A 00
Singla- ??pie? of the Daily ?nd Trl-Woukly, 10
conta; of tb? Weekly, 15 cents.
. ADrnTinaautTs //
Inserted in either tue Daily or Tri-Weekly at *3 ?>?r I
MttUn ~r the first insertion, a-nd 75 couta for fach, j
Hubsequent insertion. In the Weekly, $1 a amiaro.
sar ?pe ci si noli cou 15 cents a line. 1
Tace MJOJTIA Dipyio'CbTv vs MISSISSIPPI.--,
A despatch from Jackson, Mississippi, dafc?d
August I), published ia the Cincinnati <7om
mercud. fnrsiishfts tb* ?Mg
a letter from President Johnson, on. lae
subject of organizing, in each Comity of the j
State, a forc? of citizen militia:
It is believed there can be organized in
each County a force of citizen militia, to
preserve order and enforce the civil authori?
ties of the State and of the United States,
which would enable the Federal Govern?
ment to reduce the army, and withdraw, to
a great extent, the forces- from the Stater j
thereby reducing the enormous expanses of
the Government. , ?.
If there waa any danger from au organi?
zation of the citizens for .the purpose in?
dicated, the military are there to suppress,
on the first appearance, any move insur?
rectionary m its character. One great ob?
ject is. to induce the people to come forward
in the defence of the State a?id Federal
Governments. George Washington declared
that the people, or the militia, was the arni
of the Constitution or the arm of the United
States, and as soon as it is practicable, the
original design bf the Government should
be resumed, under the principle of the
great charter of freedom handed down to
the people by the founders of the republic.
The people must be trusted with their go?
vernment, and, if trusted, my opinion is
they will act in good faith, and restore their
former Constitutional "relations with all the
States composing the Union.
The main object of Major-General Carl
Schurz's mission to the South was to aid, as
much as practicable, in carrying out the
policy adopted by the Government to restore
the States to their former relations with
the Federal Government.' It is hoped Ach
aid has been given. The proclamation au?
thorizing the restoration of State Govern?
ment requires the military to aid the Provi?
sional Governor in the performance of his
duties,' as prescribed in the proclamation^,
and in no manner to interfere or throw im?
pediments in the way of the consummation
of the object of his appointment, at least
without advising*the Government of the in?
- _.,. +
THE PoiirricTANu AND ";'RESIDENT- JOHN?
SON'S CoAT-TAiii.-The politicians in the
various States have for some time past been
trying to catch hold of President Johnson's
.They see him standing forth in bold relief,
enjoying the confidence of the public and
evejr"where endorsed by the masses. . Each
side nas been trying to get hold of him, in
order that it ' may reo?ive-the benefit of
some of his popularity. The New Jersey
Republicans tried it, but failed. Tho
Democracy made a grab, "but took a look
backwards and came short of their coveted
priz?. The Republican? of Pennsylvania
made a desperate effort to accomplish this
point, but had to spend so much time over
die schemes of Cameron and Forney thaf
they, too, failed to. get hold the President's
coat-tail. The Democracy ached to capture
the prize, but sat down talking over the * 'car?
dinal principles" until tho coat-tail of Mr.
Johnson was far uut of their reach, and we
dare say will be .rewarded with defeat at the
iud lu. The Ohio and the Western party
managers* all made a strong effort, but they,
too, have .missed their mark.' The Maine
Democracy came the nearest to accomplish*
in g the. feat; but it was finally left io the
deassa?rsia ?n c6&vcs$$?$*ji in tbi? State to -win
the prize. They have taken a full, and
strong hold of President Johnson's coat,
are sow marching under hf3 guidance und
Erotection, mueh to the grief of the Repub
cans, who are mourning over the .skillful
flank movement upon them which has, -ip
effect, finished them in this State. Their
organs are already weeping "'and mourning
over their lost opportunities.
No NATIONAL BANKS OV DEPO SUT TO BB
* Ai/Sratoniziio.-Some backers of influence
have, been attempting to get an authoriza?
tion of -batiks of deposit, &e., under the
National Banking Act. A decision will be
rendered by the legal advisers of tho Trea?
sury Department to the effect that no such
banking institutions can be organized under
the National Banking Act, and that all such
monetary concerns must deposit the re?
quired securities, as in-^be case of the Na?
tional Banks in operation.
- [New York World
Saturday Horning, Sept?mber 16,1865.
Hon. lt. A. V. I.e.
The reader will lind iv curious but charac
teraaf?te letter from Hon Henry A. Wsae in
onr columns to-day. It will be read "With
interest, not only as characteristic of the
writer, but that his case is probably that ol'
thousands more. The General feels that he
should not sit quietly under the imputation
of rebellion; disclaims any treason and re?
bellion, and is prepared to justify his own
and the course Of bis State, by a doe refer- -
ence to tho universal principles of the Ame?
rican people, ns defined and set forth in the
trying times of 177ti. In conceding the^
fact of her conquest by the United States
Government, the South admits her weak?
ness, but iK.tiling more. She may also ad
m\? her imprudence, in engaging -in the
struggle with a power go infinitely beyond
ber own. But she does not admit her
offene? against right and justice and proper
ss&c^?iy, ^?*?e?* admits her > offenes
against any power. . There is not a man
among us, engaged in the'war of secession,
who is prepared to "yield one tittle of those
. abstract principles, rights, privileges, f ran?
ci ri ses o?* guarantees,- which made him sub?
scribe tho act of secession. We were not
able to defend and mnintviu the rights
wliieli we not the leas fully believe to have
been ours. Our argument is held this day
to be as valid as in 1860. We have submit?
ted to force, ^without sur ?ender of opinion.'
Submission is the word in our case, and we
know of none who is not resigned to this
condition of submission-none seeks' to dis?
turb it; but if .the loyalty which is called
for means lore, or anything beyond submis?
sion, it is a mistake to use it in connection
With" the people of the South.
FRANCE AND EKOLAND.-The JPost holds
that the meetings of the fleets of England
and France represents an appreciation
of international obligations the significance
of wnich none may dissemble. The' pur?
pose of this great naval demonstration is
paciho, Hot only as between the two great
countries engaged in it; Imt as it concerns
all other countries, with which "they have
I relations. England and Frs?"o?*have found
[ that their interests are fundamentally the
^same. ffheir main object ia to secure the
peace on which progress and prosperity
depend, and to this end they have certain
duties to perform. They may not be called
upon to protect weak powers or to ' restrain
the aggressive proclivities of strong powers
j when their own interests are not involved.
It might be proper to establish that prin?
ciple, but it -could only be established in
? Europe on a more comprehensive under-,
standing, and in America, England and
Franco have recognized an identity in. theil
THE FRENCH PROJECT POR A TELEGRAPH
TO A M KI:IO A . -r-The Nord says : .
"The failure of the Great Eastern has
not discouraged the "shareholders of the
Trans-Atlantic Cable Company, or the new
French Company, which has obtained per?
mission to lay "down a cable between France
and the "United States. M. Alberto Bilis
trini has undertaken the enterprise at hi*
own risk. But this time the company does
not intend to submerge a cable for any enor?
mous du tan co, as there will be intermediate
stations. The following is the track at pre?
sent contemplated: From -Paris to iLisboUj
and thence to Cape St Vincent, by land;
from this last place to the Canary islands,
along the uoastof Morocco ; from the Canary
.Islands to Cape Verde, along the African
coast, with stations af: Si. Louis (Senegal]
and at Goree ; from Cape Verde to/?ape St
Boque, on the coast of Brazil-a distance ol
fess than one-half that cf the cabio intend?
ed to be laid by the Great Eastern ; from
I Cape St Boque to Cayenne, along th<
i American coast, and from Cayenne to Ney
j Orleans by the coast; or probably by cables,
I connecting tho principal West India Islands.
The enterprise is more easily practicable
than that conceived in England. The onlj
difficulty will be to secure the prose rv?tioi
of the line on the African coast, and thai
security rosy be obtained by means of guare
stations. "The company wm .have a conees
sion for one hundred years, and the Frencl
Government w ill abandon the right of mak
ing any other concession during that time
A subvention of four million of francs, pay
able by instalments, will bo granted whei
the company shall have obtained the author
izattons from all the Geverumes?* ove:
whoso territory the electric cable it to pass
Tile eleoiric~coinmuniciitio!i.s between Pari
and tho Canary Islands is to be complete!
within three years, and the whole line with
in five. '* . ? .
L?ttcr troua, ?ton. H. A.- Wise to ?Oen. Ctra^t.
We taxa tue following from a Richmond,
ootemporary-the T?nen-ot the 5th. It is
among .the most, remarkable of the produc?
tions of a most renlarkabh> man :.
Our readers will remember that General'
Wise recently made application .to General
I Terry" for permission to return " to hi? h om.e
I in Princess Anno County, as under the terms
! of his parole.. General Terry (through Gem.
; Mann) refused, for specified- reasons.
I Under date of "September 1st,- Gen. Wise
has written a letter to .-.Gen. Gruat; for*
j warded through Gen. Terry, from -which w?
make extracts. Ble replies in succession to'
the points made in-the letter of refusal^
and after declaring that-' he nover * 'aban
doned, his home" .except in gping to camp
I to defend it against invasion, with the fun
determination toTetarn to it as soon aa the
chances of war should pennit, he says: "I
found no now home for my family; they
-were simply Refugees from the old." . He
then writes as follows;
i "If General Terry was (governed, by earn-,
est and honest convictions of duty, of right
and. authority in all he did-so wns I. If
I he was a patriot-so ? was I. If he gave
proof of his devotion-so did L If he
thought he had the shield of constitutional
law and political sovereignty to-protect him
! Agni dst foti charge of rcfci?lici? i.u d treason_
so I thought I-had. If he loved and che?
rished the Union of these States, I loved and
' cherished it so cordially that I meyer. from
.choice would have seceded frpjnit^but pre?
pared to fight 'in the Union ;' and if he worn
ders how I now eau. truly declare these sen?
timental after voting for secession and
! taking up* arms against tho Federal 4Exe""
I t\ye and Congress, I '.must beg4 hiim U,
! member that he and I have been taught L.
different schools' of politics; and that wiL
: account for oin* diff?rences of opinion, and
[ ought to allow a large n&argim for charity at
j least, if not toleration, jj If he was trained
? in * the school of Hamilton -and the elder
Adams, I was in that of Jefferson and Mad i -
I son; and he would boldly expose himself.tc
ehe charge of bigotry, ?n? presumption whc
Would charge either "school with ieaeh?ae
rebellion uxul ire*ta?n!*'.K.AB ?fcxi^e?rotw tc
either to. adoptihe. dogmas of treason and
TebeUioh against the.other, alternating ii
j domination as. they have* donet sp ofter
j already in our history. Each might sheol
and hang the other by turns' in tho cours*
of half a century.
If Gen. Terry believed in co?solid?tion, 1
believed in States! rights and powers. Xi
he believed that the Federal Executive and
Congress and the judiciary possessed abso
lute, I believed fhpy bad only relative and
delegated sovereignty. If he believed .tha
they were unchecked and unbalanced bj
other powers, I believed that thea whol<
Bystem of the Usited States, Stete a.?d* Ped
eral? was composed of reciprocal checks ame
balances; and that the sovereign States wert
the basis, checks and balances of the Federa
Government. I- was- taught- that tha St$te
were not tm um, but e pluribus unum, and thi
many in one, one in matt/. When called
rebel, I shall point to the-of Virginia'
buckler, and claim that my sovereign Stat
is sole sponsor for the acts of "her Own citizen
and subjects. I am* no rebel or traitor, an<
never was, and my State cannot be eithei
She has still a sovereignty by the ConethV*
I tion of the United States,- and by th
original authority before it ever existed
unless she is now utterly demolished b
subjugation, and unless that ?s.destroyed b
any force which has-demolished her.. -
'|These aro still tenets of my faith, and
believe these truths will pertually reviv
and prevail to preserve the republican ire?
dom of the people of tho United State?
When the civil liberty for which! devout!
pray really comes again, I can, without hil
d rance, fall?an the bosom of. my couati
and weep with her "for any wrongs wo hjM
done." I am now a prisoner on parole,
dare not now ask of her any-iavor, yreat <
.sria?l. I claim only of* her good faith, tl
precious , privilege, promised me brv 'fi,?
highest agents, to go to myhome eda be-i
peace. ' * fi *. * *
' ' "Bo far from my being opposed to tl
j name 'freedmen,' as indicating the conditio
ef slaves freed by the war, the cliief cons?
lati?n I have in the result of the war is'th;
ala vie ry iB.forever abolished-that ?ot -on]
the elatves jere'id fact, ai lejist, freed fr?
bondage, but-that I am freed from then
Long before the war,.indeed, I had deflnito
?nade np my mind actively to advoca
emancipation throughout the South. I In
determined, if I could help it, my desee
?L?nts should never be. subject to the h
m?xalion I have been subject to by t?
weakness, *f not the wickedness, Cu B, r.s er
and while J cannot recognize as lawful ai
humane the violent and shocking mode
which it has been abolished, yet I acce
the fact most heartily, aa an> accomplish
one; and am . determined not only to obi
by it and acquiesce in it, but to strive,-""
all t?ie means in my power, V> make it bei
ficont to bqth races and a blessing especiaj
to our country. I" ?Dtei'guedly rejoitee.:
the fact, and .an? reconciled to many of t
worst calamities of the war, because I s
now* convinced-' that the war was' a spec
providence of ?ot?y. unavoidable by the t
tiona at either extreme," to tear loose fit
us a. black idol from whick -we could ue-\
have been separated by amy other mea
than-those of fire and blood, sword ?
THF. MINNESOTA ANP . "WISCONSIN REPTTB
MOANS. --Tho Republican party.in thojStates
of Minnesota and Wisconsin have jiun^held
their con vantions. 'In the former State
they- swallowed' the Chase platform, negro
suffrage and all, and directly voted down a
resolution approving the administration of
President ?Johnson, in Wisconsin there
was a sharp contest over univ*., sal negro
suffrage, ?nd the endorsement of thc Presi?
dent's policy, "whioh finally resulted in lay?
ing the negro resolution on' the table. The
action of these conventions reveals the ani?
mus which pervades that, party the country
over, lt is further evidence bf the agitating,.
Jacobin Bpirit within its, ranks, and the de?
termination to keep the country in .turmoil
ahd^exciierttent for" years to- come.. The
Minnesota Republican politicians, like the
Jacobins in Boston and the Republicans in
Maine, soe so much of the 'negro that they
are:thoroughly posted on all. subjects bear?
ing upon his treatment, and are wiser than
..the President, who has a practical knowledge
of Aie d?uu?ltiea attending tko transforma?
tion of the.colored race from slaves to citi?
zens, with all the privileges and duties as
auch. Their action, -with that of Maine,
foreshadows what tho public may-expect if
tliejparty is generally successful in the North.
It will, m wis light, materially strengthen
the! deirifurwmv in thitr S*?*?, force Ql?
conservativo 'men dt aljL parlies to support
fch?*ti??:?t j u?t nominated and the platform
enunciated at Albany as the only safety for
the country ; it matters hot what the Repub?
licans may do at their convention nf Syra?
cuse on tho 36th. Even should the Kfcpub
licati3 adopt -the same platform, the fact of
ike; appearance of the disorganizing ehv
ment among the party in other States will
compel all 'bf those who desire a speedy and
uncable settlement of the country, peace
and prosperity in all section?, to support
the ticket nominated at Albany os the only
safe course for the peace and prosperity bf
th?'nation.-Jy"*??! York Nexos.
THK GRKAT JEWISH OHDKK. - An event of
f great interest to the Jewish people of this
i fonwtrv J%M? iuht occurred in New York,
being tlie annual convention of the Grand
; Lodge of the "Sons of the Covenant." .The
Philadelphia Aga says, this is. the great
Jewish order of this nation, and it? benefi?
cial workings are highly estimated and ap?
preciated by the Israelites. The "Sons of
the Covenant" originated some twelve
years since, ?nd its founders sought by its
means to bring about a union of all Israel
its, ; irrespective of doctrinal differences,
upon the broad platform of Jewish enlight?
enment, benevolence -and brotherly love*.
It was started in New York; and has now
spread over .the ontire Union, from the At?
lantic to the Paehic. Its main objects are
- the foundation of colleges, schools, hospi
*tals and kindred institutions', the encou?
ragement of Jewish liter:' Lure, and the'pro?
tection of Jewish int?r?ts whenever assail?
ed by bigoted fanatics. Its influence in
these directions is very prominent, and the
powerful voice of the order has made itself
; heard on several occasion?. While the ad?
mission to the ledges and the internal
; workings aije secret, its objects and pur?
poses are open and public observations and
criticism, courted rather than avoided.
The order now consista ' of sixty-.six
lodges, loojated in each of the principal
cities of the Union. . The members.number
nearly IQ,OOft-r-all?men ot influence and irre?
proachable social standing. Its capital near?
ly SfcGO, ?GO; ?flKhg the past year some #20,
000' have? been -expended for benevolent
purposes. 'Among its doings during the
past year is the foundation of a Jewisli hos?
pital in Philadelphia, the successful working
of several : literary, associations, and a large
increase to the widows' and orphans' fund,
with which it is intended, at no distant
day, to erect a widows'-Jioma and oiphans'
asylum. ? *
Mounce & Calfa?sm/
CiOB?BK^rvaiaaod''a?taa>trjio&?,*(&?ar. *?. C.
J land Q\% C. ll.''RVDsi*feV) Oquwa-bia, S. C"
re?oive ?u?Worwui d alf k^dlT^or^iyJiandizo, T?
bicqo, Cotton and ?ll JPrpuncu; or iima tue samo.
Partie*- consigning, to .tu? -w^fl^-jACh' /?xigbt
shipped wi?k:?i?*p%tch from' Orfiigebarg, Alutou,
. W?nrji?bor?-?r otb?r poiitf^by"wftg?^, uunng the
L^eijkago oft ??3?,' We koop two two-home
TH MroMl!^ie- *: w; CALHOUS,
S??i?flS?o?.-J. Cf- ?ibbea, Edwin J. Scott. Po
himbia, Jobtnstem CrewB A Co., Charleston; Linton?
A Dovrtv, Kusfi?Ut.<h.A Wm. Taylor * Co., Mpat
goniery, Ala.?-Cox, Brainard ic Co., Mobile, Ala.;
W. A. J. V?S?iffv; Dsny?lff, TM tetort Lnoipiiin,
Richmond, Vu. ? 5 - -_Se?>t 14 1 no?
TAKES pleasure hr announcing to bia friend*
and patrons that- be bas re-opened his Cat?
tery, on /jHsei^bly atretit; naur Plain ?trout.
Railroad Ir om Kill Iron, Fencing
AM) PA.vVfXGS OF,.EVERY VARIETY.
THE Petersburg Iron ?Torks are propalad to
furnish ovory description of the above w?iu.-d
ac Northern piices.., Orders left with W. A. HAii
RTH, Afrftiit- fir JACOB IJBVIN, Auctioneer ii?<?
CoiBioi?aic.B;.\?eo4^wiil.iaeot with prompt atten?
tion_- . . _5iJifc_-?--???..
" 5 X*ga Very (?ofc^ Tft?ari???,
TO EE3?T, i?
AKM ALL HOUSE, wirti fonr roon?? and neces?
sary ont-buildings. Applvto.W. ll. CATH?
CART, Telegraph Office^ ' Sept 15 ii
For Sale. *
THAT. SPLENDID LOT, with tho brick wall? of .
a largo hou&u 'jtill standing, easilv converted
luto a largo store ami reai3*nc?: (r?ntin? ou As?
sembly >street, between ashiif?toa abd Laqv .
streets. Apply to JOHN STORK.
Sept 16 . .
* For Sale,
APAIR of gentle and ?ervico^ulc HOnsEM.
Also, a good-WAGON, in gepd order, wit h a
set of DOUBLE HARNE&.S. Applv ni Mr. JOHN
FB?PP'B fa-rn>, 34- miles from Columbia, on tlur
Camden Road- : Sept l? 2*
THAT PLEAS AXT RESIDENCE, ?itnated iu
Marion street,-near, tho Utothodiwt Chureh,
containing eight square roon i.s. On tho.preujjt^v
are a~ Carriage House, Stable, Smoke-house ami
all other requisito oat-bn?dings. May be inspected
at any time. For to rms, A.-., apply to
Sept 13 3* JOHN W. CALDWELL:
FO? TH BEST Ol' ' "
WINES, UQUOBS & Q?fflttAtS*
KONE but PURE ?ud UNADULTERATED
WENES and LIQUORS aro kept by ino; as I
dt> still claim the reputation I had for many wars,
of .having the beat and purest-Wines and Liquor?
in this or auv other cifev in tho South.
. . . JOHN STORK,
Sept ? 15 S Main streut", South of Market.
MRS. ADDIE DOUGAL informs
tho ladies of Columbia that shs has
just ruturnod from NowYork with a
oiuftll but vory choice selection.
BONNETS, Tl Ttl Tl I f~ ""1 I TM __
etc., which she will .dispose of at.
reasonable rat?s. She will bo in con/
?tant receipt of articles in tho mil
linery lipo, of thc very latest stylos.
Residence on Gates street, adjoining
Phoenix- office. ._Sept 15
L. C. CLARKE
HAS removed his atoro from his residence
Blajtfting street, to Washington street, be?
tween Main and Assembly, immediately opposite
the Old Jail, where ho has mwv on hand the follow?
ing articles of <
OBY C00?3 AND CftOCEfflSS :
FINE CORSETTS, Black SEWING SILK
Ladies* BUCK GAUNTLETS and GLOVES 1
Lathes' WHITE. KW GLOVES.
Ladios*" Mourning and Embroidered H'DK'JE-'S
SILVER THIMBLES, SCISSORS. * "
Key Rings, Crane Conara.
CoJogno, Lnbin^a Extracts, Pomade.
. Butterfly Cravat?, tiered Silk Cravats.
Chin? Dolls, Paney Tuck Combs.
Black Flax Thread.
Satinets;- Cassi?tar%) for suits.
Embroidery Cotton, Silk and Thread Oluves*
Silk Tissue, for veila. ?
Bleached Shirtings,' Loather Belts..
DeBoge, for-traveJJiuakdve.^aiw. .
Ladies' Meriuo Vesta, Ladies' Hose.
Fancy Vost and Dress Huttons.
Diaper Pius, "Agate Hut tom,.
Gent's Linen aud Paper Collars.
; Spo?d Cotton-all numbers.
Felt Hats, Mourning Calico, Boy's Half Hos ci.
PearlTinttons, Xante? Belts, with Buckles.
Plaid Striped Lustres.
Colored Delaines andPoplins,-for ladies' drosses. *
Fancy Bags, W;itch Guards.
Gent's Wooloii Drawers anil Shirts.
White and Brown Su^ar.
Green and Black Toa, Coll'eo
Staroh, Soap, Candled. . . ? -
Molasses, i'rttnu, Hun in, , Jardines.
Rata Batja Turnip Se.ed, .v.c. Soot ?3 .
ARCHIBALD -fiffff 4 M.,
i?t> and 128 t?e?tinrj Sh irt,
?CH A R L E S T:0 N ,/S. . C .
F. A. WILCOXKO?, Agent, (?Wiv'?burg, S. C
. EDMUND A. SOUDER & CO.; Philadelphia.
LIVINGSTON. POX 4 CO., Agents, Now Yo;-!.
LI BE RAJ J ADVANCES mane on CONSIGN?
MENTS.^ ? _^_1_Aug' lf> 2mo? .
New Store .
THE sabscribjrs ham just received, direct from
New York.- a full supply of Ladies' and Gent's
PALL and WINTER GOODS, of all kinds,Orach as
CALICOES, DELAINES, MK Ul NO ES, FLANNEL,
li$booral Skirts. Ladies'Cloaks, Longclotli, Linen,
?audkercl?ef? and Fanc/*Dro38 Goods, &o
. GENT'S WEAR-Clothing, Hals, Caps, Boots,
3 hoes, Under-sh ir ts, A c.
? AL? i - ,
A good assortment of CROCKERY and < * LASS-.
. Ohrsen? and persons gem rally would do wol! to
aire ns a cali before par*snaging clriov.-n.-i -o, ;
%?ptl3Vmo - , * C ''i
panted to Hire,
* ?VALT. HOUSE, already furnished. Apply
I A. anthia omeo. ^P1 ?