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THlEl iDAIIY4s >1-TE(NX.
DAILY PAPER $10 A YE AR. "LET OUR JUST CENSURE A TTl'XJ) THE TRUE EET TSakspear. TBI-WE EKLY 7 A YEAR.
By J. E. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., MOlfDAY MiGRNIN, JULY 31, 1865. VOL, 1.--NO. 10 o
DAILY A ND TR I- WE ERL Y.
? T8E-WEEK?V GLEANER
BY JULI AH A. SELBY.
TFRMS-IN A D VA NCR,
Daily Papor, aix months. '.?5 00
? Vi-Weeklv, " . * 50
Wuokl.:, " " +* ?. 2 00
. Kingle c-iiies of the Daily and Tri-Weckly, 10
cents; of tliH AVookly, 15 cents.
Insert ??1 in eithc* the Daily or Tri^Weokly at *1 per
square for thelirst insertion, and 75 cunts for each
subsequent insertion. In th? Weekly, tl a square.)
?arSpeciai notices 15 couts a line.
'WHAT THE rRESIDENT AM) THE CONSERVATIVES
. OF THE NORTH AIJKE DEMAND OF THE ?PEO?
PLE OF-THE SOUTH.
"Tho North will not accept any condition
of restoration which does not embrace*the
1 extinction of ela.very by positive constitu?
tional law. Thc patriotic and eminent Pre?
sident of the Unitod States has informally
declared this fact; and his lamented prede
<M?or emphatioallv TivowAd it wH?n ho.
referred the ultimate question on his emanci?
pation proclamation to tho courts. Cortr
trabana of war, slavery has perished by tte,
sword, arid it is only a renewal of civil war
to assert any maim to it. It has met the
fate to which in the order of Providence it
was doomed, and this into was decreed by
yourselves at tluo moment when the flag of
our country was fired upon ?Cs"it floated over
Fort Sumter. Pray do not deceive, do not
. stultify yourselves on this point! What?
ever absurd politicians in the North may
say or attempt to tho contrary, slavery is
? doomed by the people, and those are only
your enemies in tho North who seek for
party purposes . to delude you that there is
the slightest hope for that institution in
future. Just so long a* any claim is set tip
for tho resuscitation of slavery hy anything
. that can bc. made to look like a conspiracy
to that effect among thc politicians North
and South, jnst so long will the masses of
the North justly insist that you shall be
kohl down in a tcnltorial condition, and
that y< ?u shall be denied equality as States
within tlie Union."
THE CLASS OF PEBSONS WHO SHOULD BE ELECT?
ED TO OFFICE BY THE SOUTHERN PEOPLE.
"So with regard to such men as you shall
put forward to fill offi.ce3 of dignity and
trust. If thescrare selected to fill your local
posts of honor and credit from among no?
torious rebels-men whose names havel.cen
associated with the conspiracy that led to
the reliellion-such'acts will be received"as
evidence and such evidence will ripen ir o
- judgment, that the toue of the South is se?
ditious, and that the rebellion is unsubdued;
while it is simply impossible that men of
that class can be admitted to the Congress
of the United Stasis. Let us admonish
?ou to look these facta in the face with the
een sight c * patriotism and common sense,
and to regulate your conduct accordingly.
It will be only 'kicking' against 'the pricks,'
it will be only overturning conservatism and
enthroning radicalism in this North, it will
be only prolonging military rule in the
South, if you shall insist on the experiment
of seeking to restore such old traitors, pr to
give position to new ones with likt! senti?
ments in regard to the issues which the
nation means shall now be forever settled.
And these remarks apply .with like force to
all State legislation which diverges from the
great judgment pronounced by the Ameri?
can ?people who have now suppressed the
. THE SOUTH MUST SVEEDILY AND WITH A WILL,
RY ITS LEGISLATURES, CONVENTIONS, NEWS?
PAPERS, PUBLIC MEETING S, RESOLUTIONS,
AC, SHOW ITS OOOD FAITH AND HONESTY
OF PURPOSE -
"And therefore it is indispensable tc
Southern interests, to their speedy equality,
to the lifo of commerce, to their national
representation, to the supremacy Vf civil
law, to the freedom they covet from the
military power established among them,
that they shall fly as it wero'to put at rest
the . possibility of future national distur?
bances on account of slavery, by accepting
the amendment to the Constitution of the
United States und by ratifying the samt
unanixnowsly, if possible, which interdicts
slavery forevprinore nunn oin- soil.? ~f,oi
this bc done with 4a will,' and supcrudd tt
this the selection of candidates for offic?
from among men of honest intentions ant
sentiments towards the new order.of things
give expression by conventions and r?solu
tions to the sen timon ti which your newspa
pera declare that the great masses of tin
people of the South entertain ; throw awn;
as unworthy, eveu of tho few who so act
such mottoes as 'Subdued but not conquer
ed/ strive daily against disturbances wi tl
the wretched and^ften insolent blacks. I)<
these things, and it will be out of the powe
^ either of tho enemies in your midst win
malign you to the President and to tho pub
lie through interested s?breos, <-r of the. ex
treme radicals of tho North, to subject yoi
long to the burdens and humiliations o
which you complain. Yon will thus relieve
the Presiden* and his administration, ns we
feel quite sure,, of a"*weight of doubt and
sadness ; you will baffle your enemies, be
cause you will thereby* empty their maga?
zines of offence, antJ^you will entitle your?
selves to .the ?pen and earnest support of
the Northern mosseR as against all the
trick? if conspiring politicians. Then these
Northern aggressives will yield voluntarily,
or be forced to yield by a just people, who,
while they aro resolved that the South shall
give np forever all the points acquired and
won by the hard-fought war-and this for
tho salie of the future of the whole nation
are, nevertheless, the defenders of the South
even as their brethren, against mere cruel
tv. bigotrv and persecution."
.J . rv
THE PRESI DENT WILD NOT FORCE NEGRO SUF?
FRAGE ON THE SOUTH.
"Tho President of the" United States
wc ailinn this from his public acts-has no
design to force negro suffrage on the'South.
Therefore let this .'bugbear' die 1 Such an
issue would defeat any party in the North-v
that is, unless thc South shall* turn out in
the end to deceive the hopes of its Northern
friends. The Chief Magistrate reposes on a
clear and immovable .position. His policy,
in effect says : ' You see the provisions of
my:u-t(d' amnesty; I have also given you
"the form of civil life ; J also desire to seo a
now oHiv <>i patjLi?uszQ m wie ooutn.
While I recognize the States as within the
Union, I dcnland likewise? for the nation all
the results- fer which thc war was fought.
It is for you to do the rest,. I garrison tho
South for an obvious reason. It is for the
South herself to*say whether her probation
shall bo long or short." And Hies?1 things
he has a constitutional right to say and to
THE PEOPLE OF THE SOUTH MOST NOT CON
FOUND RADICAL J'AJ?TY TRICKERY WITH
"There may, and probably will be, can?
didates of bad antecedents presented, and
. silly resolutions passed by po#tical bodies
in the. North, whose efforts wiil surely be
crushed by utter <lefeat, whose effect may
be to feed Northern radicalism in its uncon-.
stitutioual demands against the South; but
it is in the power of the South, by public
meetings and addresses, to disavow and to
rebuke these jugglers, who are not incorpo?
rate with any great Northern organization,
but who only play local parts for local ends.
Be not deceived by such 1 The great *body
of the North marches one way, under the
present guidance of the President, and that
way tho wal* lias demonstrated as we have
hereinbefore explained. -So, on the other
hand, other parties will desire to set up the
reliellion only to knock it down again, as so
much'politienl thunder, br nt inn/-ulm?n. But
let not the South be discouraged or dismayed
on that account, for these, likewise are but
thc games of local politicians, and they will
simplyre-?ct and strengthen the South, if
the South will only promptly instantly
assert itself in mi as it represents itself in
the Southern journals and through the
voice of well-known Southern gentlemen.
The South must hasten to place itself above
suspicion by all its public acts, if it would
got rid of the numerous 'misrepresenta?
tions' of which it complains. The time is
short, for^prejudices soon harden into ada?
mantine walls of separation-and the Union
i^tlie only place of refuge and of. hope for
the South-'hu Union, where the loyal
Northern masseslong to sec and to welcome
THE CHARACTER, POLICY AND INTENTIONS OF
PRESIDENT JOHNSON. '.'
"Above all, if their intentions are good,
they must not despond, but cheerily and
courageously they must bear the thorns of
punishment, though they bleed; remem?
bering Ttlways that the President of the
land is the President and father of the
whole people, and that he-'js not the head of<
a merciless and barbarous party, bent on
Southern humiliation' and destruction. We
believe him Lo be an able, sound-headed,
patient, patriotic, humane, firm, cautious
and candid man, whose heart's desire it is
+o crown his administration with' thc imioh
of these States-a reward higher and
brighter than any other within mortal
powor.to confer; and he is shrewd enough
to see through tricksters when their-game is
clearly before him, if it shall be exponed as
a foid game by tho undeviating loyally of the
South; and, furthermore, kt tho .South be
assured, if tt?by are patient and true, that
behind tho President there '.* a Northam
sentiment even stronger than it&i *-yriad of
resistless armies, find which that our 4
Union of consent and equality shall be re?
stored on the.basis?of miiversal freedom and.
of one over-ruling sovereign nationality. Let
the South instantly accept, and- everywhere
declaro, mid .politically :ict upoii tins plat?
form, and our glorious Uniou is alive again
in all its original spirit. Then those foul
birds called demagogues will flee, for a time,
at any rate, from before the face of a re?
awakened-?ind united nation, and w.o shall
indeed be on?; people. AU our hopes rest
with you, men of the South-in your pa
tripti?n, patience, self-denial and sagacity."
A London merchant recently advertised
for a derk, who could "bear conftnemet."
He received an Answer from one who had
been upwards of seven years iu jail.
Sunday Morning, September 17, 1885
Thieving sta One of tia? Fine Arts.
It has not hitherto been customary to re?
cognise thieving as one of the fine arts,
though the moral propriety of the practice
has long been admitted. It is that venera?
ble big-wig, Lord Coke, we believe, -who.
records stealing as one of ' thc legitimate
modes, in former days, for the acquisition
of property. It caine under the law of
Descents among the Scottish Highlanders.
But all the ancient processes were rude,
violent^ heathenish, and implied nothing
graceful; no elegance, no art, no ingenuity,
no such polish and * dexterous elegance of
manner, as distinguishes the modern ope?
rator. When we take a review of the field
during tho last four -years, in all"sections- -
see the superior facility with which the trans?
fer of property was made from oue hand to
another-how men could insinuate their
fingers into their neighbor's pockets and
coffers-with what smiles on their face,
what gentle words on the tongue, with
what bl-ndru^s of sir ?itd manner, wiiat
courtesy, ease and loving assurance-we
cannot but rise to a proud consciousness of
the superiority of. our o*vh over all preced?
ing times. Briefly, stealing, from being
originally a most rude, ungracious and
offensive practice, has risen iuto thc rank
of a fine art ; and already the professions ure
crowded, the "competitors are .numerous,
and it its difficult to say where the limit can
be found to the continued progress of an
art so attractive in its own exercises, and so
well calculated to roward the professors.
The laws of this art are not yet sufficiently
defined, perhaps, to enable us to dispwy
them as so many rules f or thc proper'educa
tion of the young. But this we may say,
that it cannot be practiced as Ave practice in
the -ordinary professions, admitting mere
hod-men and drilled sergeants to its exer?
cise." Thieving implies an original endow?
ment-a gift-is briefly an evidence of gc
nins, and genius itself is a sort of outlawry,
giving full opportunity for the development
of every sort of power. Nothing can stale
its iniinite variety; and we feel 'that we ari
rapidly roaching a condition when this" ont
art will snpercede all others. The ambitioc
of men will no longer persuade them ink
the professions; and to be a mere politiciar
' will satisfy no appetite for .distinction
Themis will be 'given up for Mercury, ant
instead of the antiquated law?. "Thou shalt
not steal," it will be writtcnbold?y, dropping
the negativo, ' 'Thou shalt do nothing els?
but steal." And the ordinary lesson to th?
professor will read, as in the ancient bool
called the Bible,' "What thy hands find t<
take, that take with all thy heart and all tlr
soul?.pli thy strength and all. thy Angel's
Amen!" As. great-men inevitably succeed
each other in all the professions, we are no
without hope and consolation, even* whei
we record the demise of a distinguishe?
master. We have but recently been ap
prised of the death of one of the moa
eminent masters of the art that South Ca
roliha has ever produced. Our poor littl
State, rich in other representative and typi
cal minds, has held but a. humble rank
among sister States, in this branch of th
?ne aits. But we certainly produced on
master in the person of David Theophlut
Hines. David is dead, we are told; foull
murdered, it is said, by some miserabl
wretch, who envied his greatness, or, pos
sibly, with the ambition of Erostratus, wh
aimed to. acquire glory for himself as a dc
strayer of glory in another. We know nc
the particulars of Hines' death,?and woul
like t' get them from some good nrrthoritj
Such men .must not bc allowed to g
out from life like a faithing Gindi*
Tho graverot such a man must not be lei
in obscurity. There should be some meroe
rial, for verily, he was the only great mastc
-of the art,evor born in South Carolin!
Let us trust that, in the glorious times aboi
*to bc inaugurate*!-wh??n all old thing
shall pass away, and all things shall 1 ?econ.
new-when we shall have fully gotten rid ?
vulgar morals, effeto principles, vain trad
tions and common humanities- David Hin?
will nave a successor- nay, many successo:
-emulous of Iiis fame, ami wearing tl
mantlo which he has dropped convenient
soraewhore between the sea-board and tl
mountains. He did not wo?k in vain. ^H
art survives. " His example will endure for?
ages. We shall be pleased if- any of our
correspondent?? ean furnish vu> a pro?
per biography of this groat man, under the
several aspects and names which he was
pleased to assume in his singularly various
career. Ho has left us two biographies of
himself, it is true; but both aro inconrplete.
"We entreat Some admirer of his fame, some
zealous worshipper of li^s memory, some
emulous genius expert ijl his art, to ad
dress himself to the task, that so great a
master in this branch of tho fine arts may
not be obliterated from the world.
WI i nt is Decreed for XT*.
The old maxim of tho free people is in
our ease reversed. It is not as we will, but
as.the winds will. Our condition denies us a
will. We must submit to a decree, and
adopt it as our "will, and tho only question
with us is as to the performance that is re?
quired at our hands. On our compliance
with this decree, without humming or
hawing, we are to be accorded certain pri?
vileges of life, a certain toleration in a com?
parative civilization, which is supposed to
gtfitrauty the righi to Iiv?j, Lu Libur, und pay
taxes. We are, at the same time, ti) partake
of tht; pride and satisfaction of being a part
?.of a great empire,(spreading from sea.to
[sea, and destined, in process of time, ac?
cording to the "faith of all democratic per?
fectionists, to ascend to eminences of fame
and power infinitely beyond ?anything ever
known to Roman, Greek sind British
achievement.. All of which is very delight?
ful to contemplate. The question ? occurs,
what are we to do in order to secure this
condition of mendane felicity and state?*
Tho answer to this question is ono which
wi* have noeel to know without any uhneces
sAy delay, since tho promises of fortune
and authority do not often wait upon tardy
footsteps, and our lacltesse may incur a for?
feiture of thc good thing* oE the future,
which, hereafter, we muy bitterly regret.
We assume that our public have concluded
to submit to the requisitions made upon
them, and only need to know what these
requisitions ara We give, accordingly, a"
series of sh/irt chapters, from the N<ttional
Inlettigencer, which "seem, more fully than
anything we have seen before, to embody
the substance of the decree to which we are
counselled to submit, with the reasons
which prompt the requisition and justify it,
and an array of the advantages to thcSouth
of a'speedy compliance with thom. Tl*
Intelligencer, we are told, is that organ of
opiiiion at Washington which, more than
any other, commands the respect and confi?
dence of President Johnson. This being
the case, the publication has a sort of official
character, which entitles it to special con?
sideration, and we commend it to the care?
ful perusal of our readers, as weSl as ta those
who now preside in judgment upon the
destinies of our State. It will be found in
another column, segregated into six short
chapters, the perusal of which may well j
prepare the mind for its Sunday medita?
tions, all of which should bc well grounded
in the- one emphatic text which counsels
humility, as the first beginning of, all wis- j
dom. Upon our knees, and with a prayer j
to,, bo lifted up, we may persuado our.^elves
that we are on tho threshold o?-enlighten?
ment, if not deliverance.
THE REMOVAL OF RESJTIUCTIONS ON TRADE
IN THE SOUTHERN STATES.-The Secretary
of the Treasury to-day promulgated th*
President's proclamation of the 20th ult:,
for the mfoVmation and guidance of officers
of the Treasury Department, and says:
In conformity with its terms, v articles
heretofore regarded as prohibited may bel
transported, to places in States heretofoyeJ
declared in insurrection, without any re?
striction, except guns; "pisjols and'nmlnu
nition. Applications for ?he shipment of
these should be made in writing to the pro?
per officers of customs, wiio wi ii forward
them to tho department for its decision, ac?
companied with such. recommendations as
fhev may be disposed to make.
F H. MCCULLOCH,
? Seeltetary of the Treasury.
French, Mu?e, Painting, 'German, Italian.
MONS." and Ma darno DO VILLIERS will receive
into their family SIX YOUNG LADIES de?
sirous of perfecting themselves in tho above,
brauchen. Tho French hngiiage is thc only one
spoken in the family, and ia obligatory on the
nart o? the pupil?. "f hev will enioy superior a<L
>Kfit?go% in Vocal Music, both Italian and Eng?
lish. Painting comprises oil and pastel, coloring,
photographic potflaits, drawing >a. crayon poin?
till?, lead pencils. Ac. For partieaiars, apply nf
tho residence of E. DO VILLIERS,
Corner of Washington and Rull streets,
Sept 16 ?* > . * Columbia, H. C.
' BrickdDffices to Bent.
TWO BR?OK OFFICES, Nos. 8 and 9, in Bryce's
Rance, have been completely rfryhinglj^l ?ad
are now in Rood oidor, and'bcing in a very central
bunnies* part of tho city, will answer either -as
oflices.or small stores. Inquire at my office, No.
7 Bryco'B Bango.
Also, for sale, a largo, likely young HORSE, not
ov?r six 3% ara -old, accustomed to ail kinds of
harness, and very gentle. Inquire as above, at
No. 7 BrycVs Range. KOBE RT BRYCE.
Sept 15_ t?* _
HOOP SKIRTS AM BAIM01ULS.
tCASE AMES PATENT HOOP SKIRTS:
l ease Pruner's BALMORAL SKIRTS.
1 case Scotch Stripe " "
. OPENED THIS DAY.
J. O. GIBBES,
Sept 16 2 New storo, next to Court House.
2CASES 4-4 IRISH LINENS.
1 " DOWLAS.
10 pieces CRASH.
10 " BROWN HOLLANDS.
10 " HUCKABACK, for Towelliifg.
Just opened and for salo bv
' J. G. GIBBES,
Sept 16 2_ _Nlixt Vj Qonrt Honse.__.
A F?LL ASSORTMENT OF
B R TT GOODS
AT. E. E. JACKSON'S,
J\ Sept. IC 3*_Bodelra Row.
? ? 1 BBL. PICKLED SALMON.
C%J?M 5 kegs DUTCH HERRINGS.
WMSTHH 5 bills. CRUSHED SUGAR.
I ^HB .r? " BROWN SUGAR.
|?Lriroj!__Bff* 10 boxes LONDON PORTER.
10 boxen PALE. ALE.
Boxes Claret, Tort Wine, Castillhtn Bitt ira.
1.0 doz. very fine French Brandy,
^io boxes Adamantine Candles.
.100 lbs. Mixed Candj".
1 caso Segars.
30 kits No. 1 Mackerel.
5 bbls. new Syrup.
Raisins, Currants, Citron.
Coffee, Tea, Cocoa, Chocolate. ^
Soda, Lemon Syrup.
T?Ketli?r with a variety of other artiolgft in tj___
grocery line, Milich will bc sold LOW h?r^ *
? I. G. GIBBES,
Sept 16 2 Store next to Court House.
IC ASE JACONKF CAMBRIC. * '
1 " Dotted SW WS MUSLIN.
1 case Stripe and Plaid COTTON CAMBRIC.
25 doz. Ladies' Cambric Handkerchiefs.
.20 " Mens "
10 j^roRri Gent's Silk "
_">(? ?oz. Gent's and Ladies' Gloves,- assorted.">?
50 " Ladies' White Cotton Hose.
50 " (i ant's Brown and White Cotton | Hose,
20 4i Misses and Children Balmoral Hoso.
r Opened to-day and for sale bv
J. G. GIBBES,
Sept li) 2 Store next to Court House.
TABU DAMASK* DIAPERS
2CASES 8-4 and 10-10 TABLE DAMASK and
1 ease. Damask Cloths, Napkins and Doylios.
1 ease Bird-Eve Diaper. For sale bv
J. G. GIBBES,
Sept 16 2 _Next ta Conrt House.
2t HATES CROCKERY, oponed to-day.
J. G. GIBBES,
- Sept jg 2 t-Xure next to Court House.
A CHOICE STOCK OF
AND KEROSENE LAMPS!
AT * E. E. JACKSON'S,
Sept 16 2'_ -Bedell's Row.
1BALE WHITE FLANNELS.
1 " RED *
1 bale White and Brown CANTON FLANNELS.
Opened this day and for aale by
" J. ii. t?llilv%?S,
Sept 16 2 * St#re next to Court House.
jShoes and Hats.
ggsii^ Tr?E subscriber is iww?^,
?ag*_& omening a fine MBortnent jW\
of LA DI KS' MISSUS :unl Ljf
**?"-??L CHILDREN'S- SHOES, nfl "lilli
he latest, styles.
Also, GKN'TLEJiKN'S HATS.
At the old stand of G. M. Thompson & Co.,
Sent 16 3 First Htore'above Court. Uouso.
FOR' THE BEST OF ^
WtNE$t UQUOBS & CORDIALS.
"VTONE- but' PURE and UNADULTERATED
IM WINES and LIQUORS are kept bj me; us 1
do still claim the reputation 1 bail for niaiivvvvara,
of having the best and psrest Wines and Liquors
in this or any other city in th? South.
Sept 15 3 Main ?treer, Mouth of Market.