Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, Sept. 21.1865.
Opinion mik Feeling nt tlac North.
A correspondent of one . of |he
Charleston pipers, writing from the
North, descrihes tho feeling, opinion
and sentiments of tho people o? Boston
ajad elsewhere, towards those of the
South, as by no means calculated to
make the parties love ef?h other in
the future any more th?h iu the past.
"I regret to state that thc feeling
towards the South, as I have observed
it exhibited here, is not what those
Ait o desire spee-ly reconciliation
could wish it to be. Thc activity of
certain newspapers in collecting and (
?grouping all facts, reports and im?
pressions relative to the spirit of the
.?South-many of which, it is unneces?
sary to say, are destitute of any color
?or truth-has been the means of a
wide-spread belief getting a hokl upon
the public mind, that the temper of
Ihe Southorn people is vicious, dan?
gerous, and inclining even "to a new
warlike p?tbr?ak. The most aston?
ishing misapprehension of the condi?
tion of affairs, and' of the feeling of
the people, at the South, prevails j
?ven with those who should be well
informed. It will take^ the intimate
und unreserved communication aris?
ing from business intercourse between
ihe sections to open the eyes of both
peoples to the real feelings of their
'What we ourselves hear from re?
turning travellers, describes Phila?
delphia, the City of Brotherly Love,
as being the most fiery and viperous
whenever the South is fhe subject.
Jonathan Broadbrim seems to lose all
his Quakerly. qualities the moment
you say South to him. The South is
his black dog, the very sight or sound
of whom jaundices iiis eye and tamper, -
and he who, in old times, was not
willing to fight at all, at,o nee foal
with fury. * Thc sEUpkoopo* throws
np his yard-stick, and brandishes it j
right? and left, as if playing at quarter j
staff. The horse shoe is dropped to
cool on the anvil, white the blacksmith
whirls aloft his sledge-hammer. The
surgeon flourishes his scalpel; the
orator his tongue, showing his teeth
wolfishly; and the preacher, forgetting
his pacific functions, pounds his way
through the Holy Scriptures, from
.Genesis to Revelations. The people
are. growing more and more warlike,
as ours grow more pacifie, and the ,
South never showed herself'more pro?
vocative than now, with her hands
manacled, her mouth in the dust, cry?
ing out "peccavi," through all the
pipes in her throat. There baa always
been in the world a sort ipf courage
which grew inflamed hr degree with
the pacific display of an adversary.
Your pleading'only makes it more
angry, your pacific entreaty only goads
it'to greater irritation, anti shotdd
you absolutely fall down or fe tire be?
fore it, it becomes bold enough to
kick you. Verily, Jonathan Broad?
brim shotdd be held over to keep the
peace. If he continues in this savage
temper, and'*.we continue to be pa"
cific, be will burst off all the'buttons
of his inexpressibles.
Tre business ?? the Convention,
yesterday, was exceedingly direct and
sp?cifi?. That body Ricked the Pa?
riahes into wh?t is vulgarly called a
''cocked hat." Everybody had his
kick for the Parishes. The Parishes
were too feeble to kick back: they
went by ihe board. The results are
to be found in our,ordinary report of
the ; .proceedings. But- t^cre wa? a
.struggle. Mr. Andrews, of Charles?
ton,-.opened th debate. Mr. An?
drews is too amiable a man to be fierce
npon a political question, but, as wc
ai-? told, he struck some vigorous
blows. He was followed by Mr. Till?
man, of 'Edgefield, who tore thc poor
Parishes to pieces^ one by one, Scalped
them and flayed them,-and left them
never a peg to stand on. Mr. You
mans. followed, as wo ar? advised, in
a *ery powerfid speech in their de?
fence; but their fate waa-a-foregone
conclusion. But his speech brougl?l
' tip Mr. Orr, on the opposite side, who
did gooAyeoman's service in tumbling
.the tenants out ol doors. Mr. Aldrich,
of Barnwell, t^lotfred, rather upon the
state of the country than the fate of
the Parishes, and he brought down,
the house. The gallerief? were lifted
from their, feet, so that fthc President
threatened tb d??r them. Mr. ???11
and? Mr. Robertsrtl wound up . the
debate. ^ .
We have this report from other
hands . and ears. - Liuekily, we are^j
ourselves, so deni',- that w.e never bear
a debate^. It passes by ns' as the idle !
wind-which we regard it. -It sav?s
us. much annoyance. Milton some- I
where congratulates himself on. Iiis ,
blindness, as thus escaping many j
things which he would not.willingly ?I
see: We congratulate ourselves on |
our deafness, as not being compelled j
to hear a thoustfnd things which we
should not hear with placidity. ^Ve
never, accordingly, listen to debates."
We never hear anything which we
are not prepared to answer. ? We es?
cape a world of bad eloquence and
bad reasoning, and when any one
says anything offensive, \er ?akeit as
a compliment and bow accordingly.
Wc consider - Ourselves fortunate in I
the loss of one of our senses. In |
brief, we have come to the conclusion
that those persons who are denied to
hear arc the very -persons best fitted
to counsel. We may, hereafter, when
all the facts are before na, undertake^
o comment. We have, no doubt,
very much t.o say, and are only ar
I rested, a thousand times, by the offen?
sive fjnl bono. We have got a world
to do, to think, and to fdfel, before we
shall be properly prepared think
or to counsel.
There is a great deal of very idle
talk.among men and even women, to
sav nothing* of negroes, touchin cr their
rights; and a vast amount of vapor?
ous declamatiortjand "wordy inspira?
tion of forced breath" is the conse
quenco. The fact is, that most of
these asserted rights, if challenged,
would be found to be no rights%t ab\.
There are really only 'two sources of
human rights in the world.those which
are awarded by nature aiuPGod, and
those which are conceded by society.
And neither of these-rights are or'ci
be arbitrarily asserted, both depena
ing upon conditions. You have no
rights under the .laws ofGodf save by
a compliance with the laws of God.
So, too, your rights in socioty are
held by a like tenure-compliance
with the laws of society. Apply these
rules severally to the various demands
made in society by the host of claim?
ants challenging their rights^ and you*
will discover that not one in twenty
can be admitted. You wjll hear one
say, "Every- man has aright to Iiis
opinion upon this or any subject."
What impertinence ! XoAan has a
right to an opinion ?on ^flfeubject of^
which he knows nothing. He has a
right to seek intonation and counsel f
t?p plead for wisdom and enlighten?
ment, even as Solomon did; and per?
haps in the perversity j>f the race, toj
as little profit. TSSben we hear this
perpetual*And frequent assertion of
one's rights, we are reminded of one
of the Smiths, a farmer from North
Carolina, hailing from Tar River, and
on his way' to Texas, with a little
doukey wagon, a wife and seven bare?
legged children. It was at the time
of ?Santa Anna's, famous invasion of
Tejas. The excellent Smith, one of
a family now- believed to be extinct,
was met by Jndge Somebody, who.
knew- him well, and asked -where he
was going. When told by Smith that
ho was on his way to Texas, he ex?
claimed: "Why, Smith, my poor fel?
low, you are about to do a very foolish
pthiug. Go back to Tar River and let
Texas alone. Do you not know tha|
Santa Anna has" invaded Texas with
more ?han twenty thousand men."
The sturdy citizen, grasping his long
rifle and letting the butt sink heavily
on the ground, replied: "Then, by all
the Hokies, lil go ior that very reason.
He lias invaded T^xas, has he? I'll,
bc there^iernhim, if it 's only to stand
lip for my rights !" *
ME. EDITOR: In.yo?r paper of Sun
tyj you have, .for. the conve?
nience, pf the public, divided iuto'
chapters, with appropriate heauings,
the elaborate and somewhat confused
explanation given in a late number of
the National Intelligence)-', of th? terms
on which the rebel States (a ne^ de?
scription of belligerents) are to he re?
admitted into the Union. These
chapters, may, w*e think, bc yet fur?
ther subdivided into a fey,' brief and
compendious arp?eles, embracing''the
principles and conditions, on the^
prompt adoption of which, as we are
told, from this quasi official soifree,
the future happineiA and very exist?
ence of the ? tat es, now about ' to be
arraigndl inutile person of their Cirief
Magistrate fo^' high treason, will de?
pend or can atone, be assured. Should
this unfortunate official, who has
rather more vis in his name than in
character, be found guilty and brought
to block, (t3? approved mode of pun?
ishment for treason, )*he said States
must- consider themselves as having
been also made short work with, or
Constructively decapitated, or cannot, at
any rate,-hohl nj) their fiends, -or give
themselves any very higJt&nirs for the
' "ABT. 1. The threatened destruction
of slavery, along with the othep-rights
of the States, having to the late
war,"X)r a temporary dissolution of
the Union, the shortest-and most ob?
vious mode of restoring the latter and
establishing peace between the con?
tending parties, is at Tmqte to extiSM
guishjthe institution that caused the
dispute, and thus skilfully uso i$ like
the spear of Telephus, to euro or heal
the wound that it mad? !"
COMMENT.-To fciko away the bom
is certainly the shortest way of ending
? a quarrel netween dogs; hut thc doo
to whom, the bono originally belonged
cannot reasonably be expected to b(
quito as well satisfied with this (rr
rangement as the one who had no righi
to it, or quite as enSoucient on tlue o%
casion as the party who deprived hin
of it. While the question, however
was' ono of property 0ith tho slave
holders, an?l of liberty with their op
ponents, it admitted of no other solu
/ion than either dissolution or tin
assertion and successful maintainanct
of the right of the strongest.
"AKT. 2. The Union is a sacre*
covenant between the States, and mus
be maintained and perpetuated, evei
against the decrees of Fate, at what
ever cost of blood and treasure, or o
individual or State freedom."
?'ART. 3. The Union, though ?rigi
nally formed by tho States, w;us os
tabhshed by the people, who by th'
theory of our institutions arc tho onh
legitimate source of power. Th
Government is, therefore, a popula
and not a Federal instrument, or nier<
agent of the States, as it is held to b
by some of its authors, and by*South
ern poHticoana ".
COMM?KT. -As a people cannot forn
a Union with iieniselves, or even wit]
another people, except by ineprpc
rating, or being incorporated by them
tho theory of the Government pro
pounded in tl?? ?tbovo article is not vcr
intelligible, t>r is quite as "opaqu
and clear as Diggoj-y considered th.
speech of hi:- brother clod-hopper t
bo, the Play o*f "Fortune's Frolic.
As, your paper, Mr. Editor, is occr
pied^wfth nach more important mal
tors, I here do>se for the present thes
jomments OL the "Thirty-nine Art:
"es" submitted by the National lute
ligencer, to bi subscribed by tue rebe"
hons States before they can'be admil
tod into the Union. SUSQUIN.
CiiOP3 rs LOUISIANA.-Tho New Or
loans picayune says it is* a cruel rqpcl
cry" to ./express an expectation th?
any of the great staples of tllfc Stat
will sooirbe pioduced on a scale aj
proximating to the production gi th
year before the war. The man wh
expects* within tho next twenty-fiv
years to see 400,000 hogsheads c
sugar an cf 400,000 bales of cotto
produced in Louisiana, under th
present or any greatly improved oi
gauization 'of our labor, is truly
Wcdiusday, SeptcnM>cr ?9, IS
The Convention was opened with
prayer by Rev. A. W. Moore".
Mr. McMaster introduced the fol?
lowing r?solution, which Was ordered
to be-print ed, and to-be laid on the
. Resolved, Thaixthe Governor shall
always* reside, during the sitting of
the Legislature, at the place where
the session may be held; at all other
times he shall habitually reside at
Columbia, so long as it remains the
seat of Gio vern ment.
The repeat of t^e Committee on
Ordinances and Resolutions, in rela?
tion to electors of president and Vice
President of the United States, was ]
On motion Of *Mr. Sims, the privi- j
leges of tlie floor of thc ?[all of the]
Convention were extended to Gen. M. !
Mr. McGowan introduced the fol
lowing aa an iiddition to the 4th Sec- j
tion of the "Ordinance to declare in 1
force the Constitution and Laws here- !
tofore in force,"?fcc. :
"Provided, however, That in case J
suit shall be brought upon any such ?
contracts or obligations, not by their
terms payable in gold, or in other
specified mariner, and entered into
between the first dav of January, A.
L>. ,186a, and; the tenth day of May, :
18G5, the measure of recovery shall
be the true value at the^time of trial
of thc property contracted for; but in.
ascertaining this value reference shall
he had to tfce condition of the pro?
perty at the >tiine of contract. And
in all such cases, the defendant may
show such value witbjout specially
pleading the . same. " * ',
Resolution as to the Constitution of
the State, was orderest? be lajd on
the table. ' %
Mr. Andrews announced the follow?
ing amendment to the third section of
the first article di the Constitution,
proposing to strike out the section I
and insert the following; which was )
'?Each Judicial District in the State
shall constitute one Election District,
except Ch?irl<suton Dintriofc, wliieli
shall be divided into three Election
Districts. The first consisting of all
that part of the city of Charleston
which hes East of the middle thread
of King street in saidjeity, through?
out its whole extent, a?d to be called j
Charleston, District Eifet; the second,
of all that part of the city which hes I
West of the ?ame line^ and to be
called Charleston District West; and
the third, consisting of all that part
of the Judicial District which is with?
out the corporate limits*of the city,
and to be known as the Election Dis?
trict of Washington."
After the reception of teveral re?
ports of Committees, the Convention j
Thc indomitable pluck of the At?
lantic Telegraph Company abaiost
inspires ns with faith in the ultimate
success of the cable. Wc have had
no such instance of resoluto will since
the days of Christopher Columbus as
that which they aro exhibf?ng. The
company doak not seem to have been
at all disheartened by the snapping
of the cable in mid ocean the other
day, but have commenced manufac?
turing another, and have chartered
the* "Great Eastern" for five years,
for the purpose* of again and again
testing the practicab?ity of their en?
terprise. Indeed, strange as it may
appear, their last misfortune appears
to have had the effect of intensifying
the zeal and energy with which they
propose pressing their experiment
GEK. BRECXINRIDOE AT TORONTO.
At an early hour yesterday morning,
the distinguished' Southerner, Gen.
John C. Breckinridge, arrived in this
city from" Montreal by the Grand
Trunk Railway, accompanied by Col.
Benham, Maj,. Helm and Col. J. Wil?
son: They put up at the Queen's
Hotel, wlrere they were 'isited yester?
day by a large number of friends and
sympathizers. We believe General
Br?ckinridge and party proceed short?
ly to TSt. Catharines.
f Toronto Leader, 14///.
? .- ?.?
GEN. LEE.-A recent letter from
. en. Leo, President elect of Wash?
ington College, to Judge Brookenbo
rough, states that he will be in Lex?
ington on the 90th instant, to attend
a meeting of the Board of Trustees to
be held on that (Lay; and that he will
enter upon thc duties of bis office at'
the opening of thc session.
LATE PABE'US.- We bey tu return our
thanks to Mr. Street Burdell for copies of
the latest Northers papers, from which wc
make, copious extracts in our own. We ?ire
glad to heai*of tie- inipvov?m^ri: in Mr.
S.M.eu.v JIANCFACTOBY.-We arc: pleased
to learn that the magnificent Saluda maim-,
factttrin.^ establishment of Colonel Childs,
which was so thoroughly Shcrn?ar.ized in
February last, is in such progress that it ia
fully expected to resume ita operations by
or before January next. This will l<;> rapid
wore, and highly creditable to the enter?
prising proprietor. We trust that neither
his own nor the public expectations will
suffer disappointment-. . . . ,
Passenger? for any points on th?; Green?
ville Railroad will be pleased to know that
th"T can now go through without deten?
tion, as the trains eave Alston, every
morning (Sundays excepted) at 5 ojclock.
Mr. C. Y. Pool's line of stages run in con?
nection with thc cars, leaving this city
every afternoon, except Saturday, at 5
o'clock. As the mails are carried promptly
by this line, thc information is of th?
greatest importance to the entire c-'ini
muniiy, and we -shall now expect to soi; tho
subscriptions to thc Pluxndn increase to a
wonderful extent in tlrst section of country,
as the great drawback (next to the scarcity
of money, has been the lack of mail fac??
' NKW.FIHM.-We arc pleased to welcome .
back to our City nnc'tif its ole1 residents
Mr. li. E. B. Hewetson, who was for many
years connected with th?.' erection <>t" the
new Stat?.' Capitol. Previous to his advent
in this city, he ivas, engaged as a Civil En?
gineer ,pn thc \orth Carolina Cagtraljlail
road^and there gave universal satisfaction.
M?. Kay is well known in our city, having
been, since 1S54, a Resident Architect of
our new State House.w He ?as, previous to
his engagementr'here, Assistant Architect
and Engineer ,<jf the New York Crystal
Palace. We are fully assured tiiat these
gentlemen will give entire satisfaction in
the exercise of their profession, and we
wis?i them a hearty welcome l>a.ek to their
homes, an abundance of work, and toother*
citizens the advantage of their services.
. Cooi. ATn Ci.otrpv.-Sn Tai-? thc raina
have bren slight, but the skies are mark
with clouds, of a raw and threatening as?
pect. Tffe winds. incline tn the East, bat
show themselves coquettishly. In all proba?
bility, their, caprices will conting till to?
wards night, (that is, Wednesday night,)
and then the North-Eas.t will gain the
ascendant, and we slia?l have a concussion
through thc usual medium of the equinoc?
tial gale. Thea shall the summer vapors
bc dispersed; then will the inga lift; then
will the Convention adjoun? then' wit!
everybody bc happyi and then will October
enter upon the scene, like a portly, grace?
ful, brown-cheeked, 'middle-aged gentle-,
man, like some of tho ex-Govarnors whom
wc know, looking benignantly upon th*
prospect, -and waving paternal and patri?
archal arms in blessing over the future of
thc year, at least. It is not easy to say in
what consists our hop-j. That must be
found subordinate to the general conviction
'of a necessity which rounds all its calcula?
tions upon a resigned humility of heart.
Wc shall have to pluck the flower of. hope
out of the nettle of suffering. We must
look for the'lost jewel by stirring "among
I the ashes of each desolated ?hearth. If
still decreed to five, or allowed to do so,
.then it behooves us to extract from life all
j of security and profit that we can, and this
I wc can onljr do by seeking our capital
resources in each individual himself. Our
skies arc. cool and cloudy now, a:ul storm
is probably at hand. We trust it will sweep
lightly ove r the unsheltered head, and that
wc may enjoy a clear, if not > bright, sky
Kaw AovxriTisEiiENTs.-Attention is rall?
ied to thc following' advertisement^, which
are pablished for the first time this morn?
Pr. C. H. Miot-Quinine,
llutson Lee & Co,-Insurance Agents.
" " " -Coupon Bonds.
Coffin & Ravcnol -A Curiositv.
J. S. & Wm. J. Wiley-Gold, Cotton, &c.
W. T. Burge fe Co.-Now Goods.
J. G. Gibbes-Hosijrv, Gloves, ?sc.
" " -Black Felt Hats.
" " -Cloths and Cassimcres.
A. R. Phillips -Furniture. Jewelry, &c.
Apply at this Office-Wagon for Sal?.
The receipts of treasure at San
Francisco''from different sources "dur?
ing the first six months of-this year
were $29,225,000, of which amount
California, and Nevada contributed
$25,671,782. The product of gold
and silver mines on the Pacific coast
for the first six months of last year
was estimated at $28,000,000; so we
have an increase of $1,225,000; while
the increase this year over the same
period in 1863 is $3,581,989.
There were 867 lives lost in British
c al mines last year.