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- ^^JL&S^^&3CLr ?
THe Alabama^ <C'ouvcniion.
MONTGUMEBY, Sept, 21.-Tho Cc
. vention to-day passed an Ordinance
ratifying a*# the laws passed by the
Legislature during the wa? not incon?
sistent with the Constitution of the
Uniteu. States and the1 "ordinances of
the ?Convention, exlfcpt, the issuance
of Treasury notes and.State bonds.
MONTGOMERY, September 22.-The
Convention nasSed an .Ordinance abo
? **? . fl?
ushing slavery by a vote o| 89 to 3.
An amendment to the' Constitution
was also passed, erasing all provisions
relative to slavery, an$ making it the
duty of the ' Legislature, at its next
sessiop, to pass-laws to protect the
freedmen in person and property, and
to guard the State against the evils
which may arise from sudden eman?
Col. John J. Selfed*.
This morning, the.citizens of Mont?
gomery' attended to his last resting
place on earth the remains of this
most worthy^ and noble gentleman!
Overwhelmed as we are by the sud?
denness of this grief, language fails to
. come to our relief in a proper expres?
sion of our sorrow. After a hie of
activity, usefulness and high position,
he had but just reached that point in
his history where his great manly j
heart And mind would have sent their
most gorgeous light and warmth
abroad Over tr r fortunes of his coun?
try. ? - r. .
Col. Seibels had so, long been inj
public life as to accustom the people
to the idea of a right 4o. his influence,
but for many months past, attributa?
ble to the peculiar .condition of affairs,
in the direction of which he was most
properly supposed <to exert a great
good influence, he appearedjjio bo
taken entire possessiotn-tof byMfchem,
and hr no instance was he ever k*uown
to refuse to do what it was possible
for him to do, or to confer whatever
. was possible to be conferred.
Col. Seibles' person was one of un?
common manliness and noble bear?
ing, and well portrayed the great and
quiet affluence of his qualities-he
was as superb in intellectual and moral
courage as he was unsurpassed in per?
sonal chivalry-and we can truly, say
of him, as was said of Caesar:
"His lifo wa? gentle, and the elements
?So mixed in him, tbat "nature might stand
And Bay to all tho world, Th is teas a mon/"
In mid-life he has left us, at the
point of his highest usefulness, and
wc are still here, not only to regret
his loss in our selfishness, but to
mourn it in our true heart's sorrow.
Perhaps not above the frailties of hu?
manity, he yet went over the. high?
road of time with no blemish, no re?
proach upon his habits, his thoughts,
his life, his character, or. his name.
His hospitalities were as grand as his
4iome, and many, too many of the
refined and elegant -and sincerely so
chd'relations of life have been severed
by his death. *
We will not now invade the sanc?
tuary of^domestio grief. We have
only attempted to write down hastily
a few words of the many that might
be spoken, and will be spoken, of the
statesman, the patriot, the man of
honor, the citizen, and our carly
Thc President's household is mue
the largest that has ever graced
Executive mansion. His family pro
?>er embraces his wife, a son', son-in
aw, two daughters, and several grand?
children. His son-i#law, Judge Pat-1
terson, one of the recently elected
Senators of Tennessee, appears avery !
respectable gentleman of about fifty
years, of dignified manners and good j
address. Although without legislative
experience, he has been many years
on the bench, and wfll, doubtless,
maintain a very reputable position in
the Senate. In politics, he has always
been a Democrat. His wife, who, on
account of the ill-health of Mrs. J.,
will preside as lady of- the White
House, was educated at Washington,
D. C., during Mr. Polk's administra?
tion, when sue was a frequent guest
ri? his family. She is a person of
frank and pleasing maniers, without
any affectation, possesses good sense,
and is well adapted to fill the impor?
tant position to which she has been
called," with credit to herself and the
satisfaction of all reasonable people
who shall enjoy the-social privileges
of the White House.
Contractors under the Confederate
States Government, it his been de?
cided by Attorney-General Speed, are
not "civil agents," and hence need
not apply for pardon on that account
> ; : . - * "
The fol] owing extracts are from a
communication tb the London Times,
which we take ?from the^Tf?ew York
Times, a Republican .paper. Indivi?
dual acts of cruelty there no doubt
were, and the perpetrators should be
held to a rigid accountability % We
have no sympathy for any man who
would exercise cruelty ujjph a prisoner
.'. In what I have to say, I wish to
distinguish- between what I saw and
what I heard. What I say about the
Libby Piis/m^in Richmond I saw with
mj- own ?yes. *W?at I say about
Ahderaon?lle-, where I never was, I
I was Resident in Richmond, with
occasional intervals of absence, from
October, imi, till April, 1868. Dur?
ing this period, I repeatedly visited
the Libby Prison. Up to th? end of
1863, I believe that nowhere have
prisoners of war ever been better
j treated. They had tho very best
I that could be procured, seasoned
with kindness. Those prisoners who
will perhaps hereafter deny this state?
ment, were probably never in any
other war prison except the Libby,
and know- nothing of the hardships
; which, in every country, no less than
in the North and South, prisoners of
war have had to endure.. Upon the
20th of December, 1863, I went over
the prison, accompanied by an Aus?
trian, a Prussian, and a French officer,
i and by other foreigners. Each of
these officers knew war well, and each
said (and two of them have since re?
peated in pr;;?) that they .had never
seen prisoners of war better treated.
A young Englishman, who was an
officer in the Federal army and a pri?
soner, sent through me a message to
his friends and to his brother in the
Sixtieth Rifles, to the effect that "he
was well and kindly treated."' At this
momentjjthe Northern press was de?
void of war news, and- 4[SLS fillbd gija
harrowing tales of oruelty in the tan?
by. Permission liadpreviously been
given to- the Federals to send" boxes
to their captured brethren. Before
long accusations appeared in the
Northern journals that Southern of?
ficers were robbing the boxes and
selling their contents at the- exorbi?
tant rates which the ' destitution of
Secessia facilitated, The only chance
of stopping these accusations was by
stopping tile Northern supplies and
demanding that Northern officers
should clear this matter up. The. ac?
cusations wore withdrawn, and the
Supplies were; re-commenced. I my?
self frequently saw Northern officers
dispensing the contents ?>f Northern
bbxes to the prisoners on BfjUe Isle
and in the Libby. I may remark, en
passant, that nine prisoners out of
ten on Belle Isle habitually swapped
what they got for execrable whiskey
a proof5 at any rate, that tlvey were
Letters from Confederate prisoners
in Johnson's Island, Camp Chaseanc
Camp Doug! is, appeared every day.
exhibiting that whatever tlie Libtn
was, other war prisons were at least
as bad. The war was at its savagest
Complacent arm-chair critics, wb,<
have never seen war, know little th<
meaning of these half dozen words
Food in Richmond was for eacl
family a daily effort. Every one wa
on the shortest commons. If, as oi
more than one occasion (but not oi
many) happened, meat rations fo
one or two or three days were no
issued to the prisoners in the Libby
thia was because there w**re no mea
rations to issue. Up to the very last
the best that could be done was done
.Whatever may have happened eist
where, and whatever may have bee:
the provocation in Richmond, inten
I tional cruelty there was none. Ispea
i advisedly when I say that throng!
11864 not a prisoner in the Libby pr
! son fared habitually harder than Ger
I Lee. In the middle of 1864, Mi
i Seddon, the Srcretary of War, toi
me he had given orders that delict
eies, such as chickens, which n<
twenty men in Richmond could a
ford, should be daily bought (if the
could be had) in the market for sic!
Federal .officers in the Libby. I
February, 1865, a Federal Genera
who had shown great courtesy to a
??uglish gentleman, of my acquain
ance, was brought to the Libby,
do not mention his name, because tb
fact that he was kind to an Englisl
man will be. no recommendation i
the eyes of some of his coun?ryinei
I immediately approached him an
sought if in any way I could assii
him. He replied that he Was as we
treated in every way as he wishe<
and would not allow me the gratifie
tion of being of the slightest usc 1
At Andersonville, a remote point i
Southern Central Georgia, the foe
difficulties were enormous. Evei
week, announcements appeared :
Northorn journals that this Oener
or that was ?ton the eve of releasii
the 'Federal- prisoners, and tolerably
plain intimations of -what these pri?
soners woidd do in Georgia when re?
leased, were given and gloated over.
It was impossible, by reason of the
threatening cavalry forays, to spread
the prisoners about in half a dozen
camps thrAghbut Georgia and Ala?
bama. Tn%. Federals con^pellecP a
concentration of Federal prisoners at
the best spot, as regards inaccessibili?
ty, that could be found, and that spot
was Ajttders?nville. It was impossi?
ble to collect depots ofJfood-first,
because it was so scarce ;mcondly-for
fear of inviting a raid. Wherever the
Northern troops went, they destroyed I
everything that could be eaten, or
that conduced to the making of food,
or that could carrv or convey food.
The prisoners, toward* the end of
1864, ^doubtless suffered horribly.
? But, though columns upon columns of
I evidence and assertion may heseafter
appear in Northern jduraals, tnere is
! nowhero a Southerner but believes,
and will continue "to believe, that
I these sufferings wen? in the main
] caused-first, by the persistent refusal
of the Federals to continue the ex?
change of prisoners; secondly, by the
wholesale destruction of food,'which
starved not only thousands of Federal
soldiers, but also thousands of Con?
federate men, women and children.
VIRGINIA MATTERS.-Secretary Se
ward visited Bichmond on Sunday,
and had a consultation with General j
Terry, returning to Washington the
same evening. General Joe Johnson, j
who arrived in Richmond on. Satur?
day, will probably be elected Presi?
dent of the Richmond and Danville i
Railroad. Wynne and Pollard are
engaged in a suit as to the proprie?
torship of the Richmond Times.
Meetings of returned Confederate
soldiers are to be held at Benington,
on the 27th instant, "the object being
to give a healthy tone to public senti- i
ment among this class of the com
munity. ". The citizens of Nottoway
County ask that the negro troops be
removed. Over five hundred citations
of confiscation have been issued in !
Richmond. The Richmond Times
says that the "negroes, are beginning
to come to their senses, and are less
insolent and,, more industrious than
DEATH OP A NOTED WOMAN.-Late
foreign papers announce the death of
Mrs. Kate Trelawney, better known
as Miss -Kate Howard! tthe was pos- j
sessed of qu:te. a fortune. Notwith- j
standing her Unison with Napoleon,
she married a Capt. Trelawney, and
ever since was known by that hame.
She died at her country-seat, near
Versailles, at the age of forty-one
years. Her funeral took place at the
Church of Chesney! The building
"was too small to contain the crowds
which came to the service from Paris,
Versailles and the neighborhood. The
poor in tlie neighborhood lose in her
a generous benefactress.
INTERESTING DECISION.-A Mem
. phis paper says Judge Trigg has de?
cided zo admit all attorneys ?o the
bar without taking the oath, pre?
scribed by the Act of Congress. He
is of opinion that the ^nly mode by t
j which all the lawyers' of the court j !
? could forfeit their light to practice
after they had once been admitted,
would bethe secession of the State
of Tennessee from the Union, and
this he was nofeprepared to admit had
ever taken ?place ; and the on^ mode
in which indi ?dmd members of thet
bar could bf ^debarred, would be tke
preferment 'mi (barges and trial of
each case separately. . |
I Gen. King, at Augusta* has issued
j a general order, "thai hereafter when
I ever contracts or agieements in .writ?
ing are entered into between parties,
the consideration tijerein named to
be paid, shall be in lawful money of
the United States; taat is, in the pa?
per cuiTcriey issued and declared a
legal tender by th) Government,"
and orders "that all contracts not in
accordance with tlis order, which
have been made previous to it, are
"Four million's of our countrymen
have been suddenly translated from
the dirrk prison louse of chattel
slavery to the light and air of relative
freedom," says the New-York Tribune,
and it might have added that one
million out of the four have been
translated beyond light and air main?
ly through the instrumentality of such
friends as the Trwkne.
Kctchum is altogether the coolest
defaulter of modern times. After
stealing two OJ threo millions from
his father, he sent a note to him say?
ing: "Please ta ko care of my wife
and child; 1 b*ve taken caro of my?
It has been decided "by Judge Jack?
son, , the United. States J udge at ;
Wheeling, that parties who took the
oath unc^er President Lincoln's pro?
clamation, before President Johnson's
was issued, are entitled to thabene-,
fits of Lincoln's amnesty proclama?
tion. - -i ffjjf g
NUMBIE or TROOPS FURNISHED BX?
OHIO.-Provost Marshal-General Fry
has notified the Governor that the
number of men furnished by Ohio,
from April 17, 1861, to April 30,
1865, is ?16,339 men,> whose,time of
service vari eu from three-months to
The ex-rebel Gen. Longstreet ar-J
rived in Mobile on the 4th instant. |
The Daifa. Jfews, of that city, devotes
half a column to a laudation of him,
ranking him as next to Stonewall
Jackson, and ''far superior to Murat. "
An Illinois editor refers to a "he"
that lie says be "can't stand." We
should think he might stand lying;
he can certainly lie standing.
Building ?Lot for Sale.
THAT desirable BUILDING LOT, located
on the North-east comer of Wain and
Marion streets, (containing nearly half an
acre,) formerly occupied by J. E. Dent,
Esq., is offered for ?ale. For terms, etc.,
apply to WM. HITCHCOCK.
Sept 23_ 4
Huies for Sale.
J^^^ THE undersigned -will offer at
?BA private ?ule. opposite Bedell's Row,
^aTJT-THTS DAY and MONDAY, twentv
odd uead of fine MULES, two.WAGOKS
and twelve setts HARNESS.
Sept 23 2*_JP. B. LEE.
i~)A BARRELS, just received at
j&\J . C. S. JENKINS'.
Asscniblv street, next Market street.
Sept 23 1
ONE of the NORCROSS PLANING MA- j
CHINES. The planer is a good one, I
and in excellent order. Inquire at this j
office._Sept 23 1? |
WATCHES, CLOCKS, fifi.
~? T. S. MOOD informs the ladies and
y&K citizens of Columbia that he still
^.Jfrattonds to tho REPAIRING of JEW
Er.iii, athis residence, directly in rear of
tho Catholic Church. All workfieatlv done.
Sept 23 _ T. S. MOOD.
The Rear House!
CHOICE WtN?3t UQUPft$t
CRACKERS arid CHEESE at ll a. m.
""TwEOP IN," aa you are- on your way
AJ down town. ' ? ,
. T. CT POLOCK,
* Near Main Areet,
Sept 33 Directly opposite City Hall.
Headq'rs 1st Sub-District,
DISTRICT OF WESTERN S. C.,
COLUHUIA, S. C., September 21, 1865.
(PBXERAL ORDERS NO. 1.
II HEREBY, assume command of the
. 1st Sub-District, District of Western
South Carolina--Headquarters at Colum?
bia, S. C.
II. The Staff of tho Snb-District wilj, re?
main as folio wa:
Liout. JOHN WALTON, 25th O. V. V. L,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General-.
Capt. WM. P. SCOTT, 25th O. V. Y. I.,
Assiutan t Provost Marshal.
. Capt. GEO. N. HOLCOMB, 25th O. V. Y.
I, Acting Assistant Quartermaster.
Capt. L.'B. MESNARD, 25th O. Y. V. I.,
Acting Commissary of Subsistence.
III. All orders heretofore issued from
these Headquarters will remain in force.
. ' W. P. RICHARDSON,
_ Sept 23 1 Brcjvet Brigadier-General.
LUMSDEN & IT SEE,
Auction and Commis'n Merchants
AND FORWARDING AGENTS,
COLUMBIA, S. C."
HAYING built a large Store-house in the
most central part of the city and con?
venient to the different Railroads and
Hotol8, solicit consignments of COUNTRY
PRODUCE and MERCHANDIZE generally,
We promise faithful and prompt attention
to all who may favor us with their ship?
ments for sale, forwarding or storing.
Hon. T. C. PERRIN, Abbeville, 8. C.
H. T. PEAKE, Esq., Charleston, 8. C.
RUFHS M. JOHNSTON- Eau.. Columbia.
Gov. B. F. PERRY, Green ville, S. C.
9m- Abbeville Bulletin, Greenville Enter?
prise, Newberry Herald, Winusboro News
and Anderson Jnlel'.i'jencer copy once a week
for three months. ' Sept 23 stu3mo
' The South Carolina College.
THE exercises of this College
will be resumed on the FIRST
MONDAY in January next,
j The Faculty having been au?
thorized by the Board of Trus?
tees to exercise their discretion
as to tue requisites of applicants for admis?
sion, such indulgence as the circumstances
will permit will bc extended.
Applicants must present themselves on
the hrst Monday in January.
.Chairman of Faculty.
Columbia. S. C.. Sept. 23, 1865.
$&. All papers in thc State will please
publish onco a week until 1st November
next, and forward bills to tho Treasurer of
thc College, Rev. C. BRUCE WALKER.
Sept 23 s7
r Auction SS^xXos.
' \ Estate Sal^r
ON S.OTURDJjr, the 30th matant, I will
selL on the ?remises, the PERSONAL
PROPERTY of the lato J. J. ODOM, de?
ceased, cdnsistmgof :
Household and Kitchen Pnrmtua-e.
L Curpentor's Tools.
L Plantation Utensils, Plough?.
p(gChickens, Hogs. Goats, Cattle, ia lino
conditio!*. -V-Tj -<
Terms tn ade known at the sale, or upon
.applieationiP I>. B. Dt?AUSSURE,
Administrator (Tum Testamento Annexo.
1 m HAS REMOVED Tq|.
Assembly Street, West Side, one
door fi orth of Market Street,
Where he has on hand a well-aclected
. stock of
f . SHOES, kc, &c.
j To which he invites the publie attention.
WHITE CUT SUGAR. . COFFEE,
" Crus'd " TEA,
CLARIFIED SUGAR, LARD,
Light and Dark Brown do., BUTTER,
FLOUR, , RICE,
1 BARLEY, JiACKEREL,
SMOKED BEEF. SARDINES,
i YEAST POWDERS,
r Trenton, Ovster and Butter CRACKERS,
CLARET WINE, "St. Julien,")
I Old Club House Gin,
i Aromatic S?hiedam Sehuapps,
I Lemon Syrup, Stomach Bitters, (Bokcr'a^.) ;
i Portable Lemonade,
Spanish and American SegfWjB,
Elegant French Confectionary,
#agar Plums, Cream Drops,
wum Drops and Stick Candy,
I Horse Brushes, Shoe Brushes,
Btooms, Cloth Whisks, Blacking,
Curry Combs, Clothes Lines,
Ladies' and Gent's Shoes and Hata.,>i thc*
Ladies' and Gent's Gloves,
" " Handkerchiefs,
Spool Cotton, black and white,
j Pius and Needles,
China Doll Babies._Stipt 23 2 r.
DRY GOODS, &C.
THE subscriber respe ctfullv calls the
attention of the public to the following
assortment of GROCERIES, DRY GOODS.
Ac., which he is offering at' low prices, at
his store, corner of Bull aod'C&mden street?:
Java and Rio.
Crushed, Powd'd, White, Coffee, Brown.
Hvson and English Breakfast.
Extra English Dairv.
Cinnamon, Allspice, Popper, Nutmegs.
Sperm and Adamantine.
Colgate's and Fay's Palo, Extra and No.
1, Toilet Soap, ?e., Low's Windsor, Col?
gate's Honey, Colgate's Almond and As?
sorted, Julian's Rose Powder. 1
Sardines and Mackerel.
Extra and Superior Western,
White Wine and Cider.
"Killickinnick," in papers; Anderson &,
Co.'s "Solace," iii tin fofl; Plug Tobacco,
STARCH, ?fcc. !
Duryea's Superior, Colgate's Fig Blue.
Armv and Navy, Bixbv's and Moss', in
Rico, Salt, Sweet Oil, Chocolate, Jamaica
Ginger, Soda, Matches, Buckets, Coversd
Botes, ^Siove.f:, Clothe^ Pins, Clay Pipes,
Mucilages Jellies, Lemon Syrup, Catsup,
Pickles, Corn Starch, Cove and Spiced Oys?
ters, Lobsters, y Condensed Milk, Segars,
Coppera?, Saltpetre, Spice andCoffeo M?ls.
BROOMS ANO BRUSHES.
Straw Brooms, Whisks and Dusters,
Scrubbing Brushes, Shoe Brushes.
CON EECTION AR Y.
Stick Candy, assorted Candies, Gum and
Chocolate Drops, Chocolate Cream Drops.
Reams Straw Wrapphig, various sizes.
Black, in quart and pint bottles.
Ladies', Misses' and Gent's Balmoral
Shoes ami Brogans.
Black, Mourning and Fancy Fruits, Os
naburgs, Homespuns, Longcloth, Swiss
Muslin, Stockings, Socks, Gloves, Paper
Cambric; Corset Jeans, Corsets, Buttons.
Pins, HookK and Eves, Noodles, Sewing and
Embroidery Cotton, L. C. Handkerchiefs,
Madrass and Muslin Handkerchiefs, Sus?
penders, Shirts, Tapes, Braid, Scissors,
Combs, Towels, Sewing Silk, Flax TbT< ad.
Hair and Tooth Brushes, Boot Laces, Hair
Pint?, Parasols, Umbrellas. _
Sept 28 1? RICHARD CALDWELL.