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Attend the True Event."
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BY J. A. &ELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. O., TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1865.
VOL. I-NO. 152
rUBLI8IIICB*D.VIL\- AND TRI-WEEKL.Y,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
.TFRMS-IN A D VA KCE,
Daily Paper, six months.$5 '00
Tri-WeeUy, " " . 8 50
Single copies 10 cents.
Inserted st $1 per squara for th? ii rsi in?
sertion, and 75 c?nts for each subsequent.
?a^Special notices' 15 cents a line.
Thc Future of thc Emancipate*!
(d?volutions never go backward, but
ever move onward. The straggle
through which these States have just
passed may be ended as far as the
clash, of arms is concerned, but, says a
Southern cotemporary, some of the
marked results to flow from it are not
yet perceptible. The history of the
past will teach ns that important
changes are to take place in the con?
dition of this people within the next
quarter of a century-changes, too,
that are scarcely imagined by any
The rapidity with which the Ameri?
can colonies.-were peopled, the man?
ner and extent of tue development of
the resources of the country since the
revolution that resulted in our inde?
pendence, are among the mosj aston?
ishing things in history. One of the
greatest nations of the earth, one of
the first war r>owors of the .world,
built up in three-quarters of a cen- ,
tury. Just think of it ! and compare
our rise and progress with the rise
and progress of the older powers of
' Europe. But the advantages of our
climiite, soil, and general resources,
enable us to rob them of their greatest
source of wealth, their ?brain and :
muscle. Ever* since the Eden, Ameri- !
ca, was thrown open to the down
trodden and oppressed of the old
country, a constant streaji of imuii- ?
gration has been flowing from the old
to the new world, which "is increasing
rather than diminishing in volume.
And can Ave stop it '? As well attempt
to still the rolling billows of the ocean ?
This stream of humanity will flow on,
on, and on, and -when Europe and
the North shall have made a New
England of ah the territory lying be?
yond the Mississippi, and settled the
new vacant landis to the Rocky Moun?
tains and beyond, tire stream will st?l
flow on, and new territories will bo
discovered, annexed, set th id, and the
Yankee energy and American civiliza?
tion will still press forward toward
the setting sun. Wars, rebellions will
not stop it, but with each succeeding
shock or convulsion the mighty tor?
rent will only increase in strength
The introduction of? African shive?
ry into this country by our ances?
tors, is their sin, not ours. It has
caused much suffering to the white
race, has kept many of them in ig?
norance and poverty, and retarded
the development of the resources yf
those States that have nurtured it.
and kept it alive. "Whether it has
benefitted the black man' or not, is
an abstract question that we do not
care to discuss; but results have
shown that, as a slave or freeman,
the African has been in the white
The. red man, tho original proprie?
tor of this vast country, gave way j
before the tread of his more provident
and enlightened pale-faced brother, !
and following the setting sun, as our j
civilization advanced, there are now
but few traces to note the fact that he
has ever been here. This cormtry
was his by the right of long and un?
disputed possession, but when the
tide of immigration turned West?
ward fr oin the Old World, he began to
recede, and in a remarkably short
time, if compared with the history of
nations, he disappeared, and in the
forest wilds, where but as yesterday
. he hold undisputed sway, now the
pale-face is monarch of all he sur?
Slavery was introduced into tho
New England and other Northern
Start's for Kain, dur ancestors cured
no more for the black msftl than we,
of the South did when w.e held them
as slaves,- and we cured but precious
little beyond the property that was
in them. Bait why did our Puritan
ancestry rid themselves of this moral,
social and political evil? Was it hu?
manity-philanthropy? Not a bit Of
it. The slave and the negro was root?
ed out of New England and thi?North
just as they will be, within the next
half century, out of all the country
East of the Mississippi, to make rc-om
fox the immense flow of white, men
from the old world, of which we have
spoken. Slavery wat abolished, and
the negro lias become extinct in the
Northern States, because the superior
race-the whites-rushed there iii
such numbers as to supply all tho
wants of thc country as to labor in
all the departments of business and
commerce. As this stream of humani?
ty from Europe poured into the
Northern States, slavery and, the black
man had to give way before it and
move down South, and now that the
prowess and valor of the Northman
has crushed slavery lind opened up
these Southern States to the flood of
immigration,, which is ever moving
onward, tin thickly populated cities,
towns and districts of the whole N< >rth
will throw their surplus population
ujion us. The poor will come in
I search of labor, those of small capital
will come to better their* condition,
nnd the capitalist will come to invest;
and within ten or twenty years, two
thirds of the Southern States will
change hands, our population will He
doubled or trebled, white laborers
will abound, and the negroes will
move Southward, until within thirty
years they will be as scarce here as
j they are in tho Northern States now.
And why? Because the Southern
j people will be unkind or prejudiced
against them? No. But because now
that they are freV, we shall become ag
careless ?daout them ai the Northmen
are, and when Ave find it to our inte
- rest to emxiloy whites to perform the
menial service they have 1>een per?
forming, with an eye to self-interest,
wo shall not be slow to do it If
pressed back, it will not be tin'. South?
ern, "but the Northern people and
Europe that will do it. They will
leave because the superior and more
energetic whites will take their places ;
and as they own no part of the soil,
as soon as they cannot find employ?
ment they will begin to disappear.
The negro piT?spere<l physically and
increased in number as a slave; but
with this tide of white immigration
pressing forward as the result of his
being freed, we do not behevo he can
Alre:uly we hear that the intelli?
gence offices will be able to furnish
white servants for families who ?wish
them, in North Carolina, and nc
doubt by the first of January next it
will be as easy to get any kind pi
white "help" that may be desired, ic
that State, as in Baltimore or Ne?
York. And when this comes to bf
the case, and those people who have
to hire, find that one Irish or German
woman can do the labor of two negro
women, like the people of the North
they will give the preference. 'If tin
negro is driven out, as we believe ht
will be ultimately, it will not be or
account of persecutions by the formel
owners, but by the flood of immigra
tion which had pressed slavery before
it, before the war begun, from Massa
cliusetts to Maryland.
If the negro would remain here m
?in inferior, not demand too much
and perform for reasonable compen
sation the labor the country mus
have, he might stay this volume o
immigration to some extent; but i
he listens to the few fanatics win
preach political and social equality t<
him, and, aspires to govern, rathe
than be governed, the tide will pres
forward and.engulph him. Leave
finady, ro make room for the fina
tread of whit? man, we behevo b<
must, but he may prolong his stay lr
good behavior and industry. Th
same Anglo-Saxon that has presse?
him out of the Northern States i
now applying for that place he ha
hitherto occupied here, and unless h
can render his labor as valuable au
his presence as acceptable to th
owners of the soil as the more enei
getie pale-face, he may take up his be
Intelligent negroes w?l do well t
consider these things.
[ Louisville Commercial.
THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC IN
MEXICO.-In-twenty-eight years, the
world has witnessed almost as jnany
revolutions in that beautiful but bru?
talized and beleagured country. Go?
verned by tho Spaniards for two hun?
dred and seventy-three years, a rule
temporarily lost, and then recovered
only to be lost and won until the
condition of the country, oven under
the rule of the people themselves,
became the theatre of periodical, con?
fusion and change-Mexico has at
last lapsed into the liands of another
strong European power. As we recur
to the Mexican troubles before ?apo- !
leon came in with his stimulated yet j
plausible pretext, it would almost
seem impossible for a people so dislo- ?
eatcd to be* held together by any j
power or to be permanently rescued !
from precisely such a fate ita had be- I
fallen them. Take the following j
sketch of nine years of internecine
convulsions from 1851 to 1860: ,
.Arista succeeded Herrera in 1851
was forced to resign in 1853, when
Santa Anna w.os recalled, and for the
fifth time placed at the head of the
Government. Attempting to perpe?
tuate his nde, he was compelled to-fly
in 1855. Carrera succeeded aud ruled
for twenty-seven days, being driven
ont in his turn. After s'orne weeks of
anarchy, Alvarez, became President,
and held- power about two months,
when he resigned iu favor of Comon- !
fort. He held the baton from De?
cember, 1855, till January, 185S,
when the*Conservative party got up a
revolution, displaced him, and put in
Zuloaga. Juarez holds from Comon
fort as his successor, and he still
claims to be President. Zuloaga was
beaten by Gen, Pohle, in 1859, when
Miramon again appeared, became
chief of the Conservatives, and gra?
dually made head against Juarez till
I Louis Napoleon appeared upon the
sc?ne; and Miramon is neting, like
other Mexicans, unO.?T his patronage
?iud pay. Our next intelligence may
be the flight of Juarez and the formal
establishnieut of French authority ;n
MADAME BESTELL'? PALATIAL MAN?
SION.-Every one luis heard of Ma?
dame Bestell, the abortionist, though
most persons living suppose tha^k
after the exposure of her crimes mac3?r?
years ago, she was compelled to retire
from her hideous and unnatural pro?
fession. Quite the contrary. She con?
tinues to ply her vocation on Cham?
bers street, and boasts that some of
the most 1 "respectable persons in New
York are her customers." She; has
mad?' an immense fortune, and re?
cently she has erected a palatial man?
sion near the Central Park, at an
expense, with the furniture, of $150,
000. Satirical persons style it *'Ma?
dame Restell's Asylinn for Lost, Chil?
dren;" but, call it what you will, it is
a very handsome structure; and is a
?fad comment on th< success f>f crime.
FRESH-BEAT and lirect from the Mill
20 barrels of tho nbovo for sale. Ap?
ply at the Auction Roon of
Sept 24 3 JACOB LE YIN.
" FOR SALE,
A POST-CLASS SPRING
WAGCN, new und rn good
_:>rder,with good cover and
comfortable seats, ll may be drawn Uv
two or four horses, nni earlies eight or ten
passengers. Applv atthis Whee.
Sept 21 *_3*
Building Lol for Sale.
THAT desirable BUILDING LOT, located
on the North-east .-orner of Plain and
Marion streets, (cohtaTniug nearly half an
acre,) formerly occupied by J. E. Dent,
Esq., is offered f<rt sate. For terms, etc.,
apply to VVM. HITCHCOCK.
WHOLESALE and retail dealers in DRY
GOODS, CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS,
BOOTS, SHOES, Ladies' and Gent's Fur?
nishing Gooks, Perfumeries, Segars, Ac,
Plain street, between .Main and Assembly,
third door from Bedell's. Sept 24 2*
TEACHERS' DESKS and CHAIRS.
Tables, Bank and Office Desks, &c.
Lecture Room and Sabbath School Settees.
.Ul kinds of Sebool Material.
. Sept 17 lino 24 Grove st., New York.
MRS. E. C. MONTGOMERY
WILL open a SCHOOL for BOYS and
GIRLS, on the 1st" MONDAY in Oc?
tober, at tb? residence of .Mrs. Steele, on
Assembly street. Sept 24 ?1*
' At Home Again!
IMPORTANT TO MILL OWNERS.
IWILT. PATCH, ALTER and "REPAIR
STEAM BOILERS, within fifty miles of
this place; also, do any heavy or particular
MILL FORGING. 1 may be" found by ap?
plying at tkia office. ' S. J. PERRY.
J. M. BlaKely and G. P. Copeland
HAVE this day entered into copartner?
ship, for tho purpose of transacting a
genorsl COMMISSION BUSINESS, under
the style and name of BLAKELY A. COPE?
LAND. Thev will give their best attention
to the salt: ana purchase of COTTON, as
well as (ither things consignod to their
care. They have ample store-room and
will take charge of cotton, and sell here,
Charleston or Now York, as may he desired.
Store a::d office on Main street, corner of
Boundary, near Cotton Town, Columbia, S.
C. ' ' BLAKELY & COPELAND.
??r /"Uiarlestou iJourier copy six times and
forward bill to this office. ' Kc)>t 21
The Hear House!
CHO?Clf WWE$T UQWlt?,
SSGAB.S, cfo O*
CRACKERS and CHEESE at ll a. m.
.,i> *PvJU)P IN," as you ardoon your way
T. M. POLLOCK,
Near Main street,
I Sept 2:> Directly opposite City Hall.
SELLING 'OFF !
H? V?N PELT
OFFRR.S to the citizens of Columbia the
following articles at greatly reduced
GREEN TEA, BLACK TEA.
BROWN SUGAR, CRUSHED SUGAR.
RIO COFEEE, JAVA COFFEE.
FINE TABLE SALT, FLOUR.
St CHEESE and CRACKERS.
~ BOOTS and SHOES.
HERRINGS and MACKEREL.
CANDLES, SEGA BS.
CANNED FRUITS, of ail kinds.
WINES and LIQUORS of al! descriptions.
And various other articles.
. H. VAN PELT,
Sept 24 U* Basement College Chaju-l.
d GOODS \ ?
. Just received and f?r sale bv
suv t mw
OPPOSITE CATnOLIC CHURCH.
DRESS GOODS-Colored and Mourning
Alpacas, Dclains, Calicoes,
Cassimeres, Broadcloth, Jeans, cte.
Misses' Hoon Skirts, Towelling.
Love Veils, Black Silk Cravats, Gloves.
Embroidered Handkerchiefs, for Ladie
Fancy Hair Nets.
Hair Brashes and Combs.
Irish-Linen, of all qualities.
Buttons, of all varieties.
Gent's Half Hose, Felt Hats.
(Ulina Dolls, of all ?zcs.
Crying Dolls, Wax Dolls.
Perfumery, Soaps, Suspenders. .
Head Handkerchiefs, belts.
Belting Ribbons, Tooth Brushes.
Bleached and Brown Homespun.
Paper Collars, Thimbles, Needles.
Pins, Spool Thread, Sewing Silk.
Hair Fins, Hooks and Eyes.
MisscsTind Children's Shoes.
Gent's and Ladies' Shoes.
Perfumed Velvet Chalk, &o.
A small assortment of SPECTACLES.
' Sept 24 *
1*^^^^ FROM my premises, on the -3d
instant, a medium-sized Bay Mare
??"LJJ^MULE, blind in right eye and both
tore iiuofs split. She was taken by a black
man named ierry, formerly ? slave of Mr.
John Beard, of this plaCo. His right arm
is artificial, and he wears a glove on the
hand. I suppose him to be about Charles?
ton, S. ?., or Augusta, Ga. I will give
a reward of FIFTY DQLLARS for his
arrest and delivery to proper authority, and
a liberal reward "for the recovery of the
male. W. S. SL?AN,
Sept 22 10* Columbia, S. C.
SEW GOODS! NEW GOODS!
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE BT
At his New Store, Washington Street, just
Opposite the Old Jail.
DRESS GOOPS, Colored and Mourning,
consisting of :
Flain. riaid and Striped ALPACAS.
LUSTRES and DELAINES.
BROADCLOTHS and CASSIMERE8.
UMBRELLAS. B ALMO BAL SKIRTS. '
CRASH, for Towelling.
LINDEN SETTS, with and without Lace,
and with Mourning Edges.
Black Silk and Colored Silk Cravats.
Elastic Garters, Men's Buck Gloves.
Ladies' Gauntlets and Gloves.
I Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, for Ladies
Gent's Linen Collars.
Fancy Hair Nets, for Waterfalls, and
plain Sdk Nets.
Hair Brushes and Combs.
Irish Linen, <>f all qualities.
Longclotha, Ladies' Undervests.
Rubber. Coat and Vest Buttons.
Gent's Half Hose, of excellent quality.
Men's tiim Felt Hats, black and colored.
Colored Woobui Shirts and Drawers.
Corsets. China Di dis of all sizes.
Hoop Skirts, Perfumery.
Castile Soar>, Suspenders.
Fancy Dress Buttons.
Kelts*of every variety, Belting Ribbon.
Scissors. Tooth and Nad Brushes, &c.
White and Brown SUGAR.
Green and Black TEA, COFFEE.
Starch, Soap, Candles.
Molasses, Brooms, Herrings.
Sardines, Matches, Blacking.
Butte Baga Turnip Seed, Ac. Sept 20
"MRS. EMMA ROE
has opened an EAT?
ING HOUSE, on Lin-_
coln street, ont* door from Lady, where gon-?
dornen can ?irocure their REGULAR
MEALS, LUNCHES, etc., at all hours. The
very best of everything in the market will
be furnished. " Sept 14 ll*
On Gervais street, v
lear (bites. 'Meals <
served at all hours. Sept 17
0PECK '& P0t0CKt
General Commission Merchants,
Plain street, 2d door froyn Assembly,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
WE respectfully solicit a sharo of th?
public, patronage. All business en?
crusted to us wUl receive prompt and per?
sonal attention. We have now in stop? an
assortment of DRY GOODS, CLOTHING,
PERFUMES, Ac. Also, Groceries, Provi-,
?ions, such as Sugar, Coffee, Tea, New Or?
leans Molasses, Cheese, Crackers, Brandies,
Wines and Liquors, Segars, Ac, Ac, all of
'which we ofter either at wholesale or retail.
S?pt 7 _
GROCERIES AND DRY GOODS.
CCONSTANTIA on hand, and attheLOW
J EST MARKET PRICES, a fine and
varied assortment of
AND DRY GOODS.
Best BOURBON WHISKEY by the barrel,
gallon or bv bottle,
" SIMONS' A KERRISON,
Assembly street, opposite Cathedral.
Kept ll Imo
COLUMBIA, 8. C.
-vy THE undersigned, having
? S leased the large and com?
modious building known as
the "Columbia Methodist
Female College,"' bas opened it as a FIRST
CLASS Iii ITEL. T. S. NICKERSON,
sept ll Proprietor.