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We dnesday Morning, Sept. 97,1885/
In a recent publication . President
Johnson has put forth instructions in
respect to this . property, which may
relieve the country from some of its
fears, and 'embarrassment, and lessen
#. greatly the wanton, and perhaps dis?
honest, exercise of power on the part
of those bureaus to which the subject
has been already quite too much con?
fided. There is to be no general
sweep of property according to the
desires and mere will of officers of
bureaus. It is only in cases where,
there has been no? pardon granted,
.and where the property is confiscable
in the cases of persons who have been
?pecially obnoxious to the Govgrn
. .1 ent because of their peculiar and
offensive activity in the Confederate
?cause, that the possession of their
lauds will be withheld from them
And each of these cases must be sub?
ject to trial and adjudication, deter?
minable upon ita own merits.- -In
cases where the negroes have cro?s
upon the ground, the crop must be
purchased from them and their claims
satisfied, or the lands will be retained
for their use, until- the present crop
has been fully harvested. The land
will then .be restored. This impor?
tant order of President Johnson will
be published just as soon as we can
secure a proper copy of it. Justly
speaking, there is no voluntary aban?
donment of any property in this or
any other Southern State. Along
our seaboard the owners were either
driven off by the actual ' conflict of
contending armies, or they were or
' dered off by the Confederate authori?
ties, who'needed the land for military
purposes, or desired to deprive the
invading forces of those resources
. which otherwise unjght have yielded
them aid and comfort. The owners,,
. in either case, had no choice but de?
parture. To appropriate their lands,
unless under some general act of for?
feiture, such as Mr. Thaddeus Stevens
, humanely proposes, would be a mon?
strous act of cruelty and despotism
would be a simple robbery of a peo?
ple who had no sort of alternative,
and their spoliation, as victims, for
the enrichmeut of greedy bands of
reckless adventurers. It will become
the necessity of President Johnson
especially to interpose for the protec?
tion of these unfortunates, and to
save equally the people and the Go?
vernment from the schemes of gangs
of plunderers, who find their law only
in the possession of their p<*wer, and
make of their official stations so many
agencies for the accumulation of indi?
vidual spoils. Already we ?ear of
companies in formation for the pur?
chase of these supposed abandoned
lands, which, sold at prices purely
nominal-for at this moment few
owners are able to contend fpr them
in the markewwill be subsequently
poloniz?d by foreign emigrants, realiz?
ing immense profits for that inter?
mediate class whhfh, combining to?
gether their resources, will have the
entire control of the subject. "We
are in hopes shortly to obtain such
evidence as will prove to President
Johnson the necessity of taking
' prompt and decided steps towards the
full adjustment of the subject, and
restoring to innocent owners those
possessions, which, so far from vol?
untarily abandoning, they have been
most reluctant to leave. The distres?
of the country is already too great for
the endurance of the people, and to
increase their sufleringg by-their utter
confiscation, is a cruelty hot less than
a crime, well calculated to drive them
Thc Governorship and Mr* Orr.
It is particularly proper tha* Mr.
Orr should be selected as the Goverr
nor of the State at this juncture, and
for properly adjusting and setting in
motion the new machine of Govern
V .ctr <'.. v..'. . .." . ... . -?.." ?".
ment. It is In such large degree bis
own handiwork, so completely "have
his own ideas controlled the aotion-of
the Convention, that it is 1 but just
that he should be allowed to ' set in
operation all the wheels and agencies
which are necessary io? giving a fair
chance to the experiment. And, ir?
respective of this consideration, Mr.
Orr is by nature and training especial?
ly fitted for the Executive depart- j
ment of the State. He has had large |
experience, is a man cf bold charac- j
ter, with an eager desire to dot has a
strong will, with leading ideas which
consort admirably with what is called
the progressive spirit of the age, pos?
sesses nerves of iron, as well as
nerves of will, and possesses, in ?au
eminent degree for work, the mens
sana in corpore savo, which so largely
constitutes the necessity of the pub?
lic man. That he will 1work out his
problems to their complete fulfilment,
and the full development of all that
is good in them, we have no question.
He will have work enough on his
hands ; much to distress and disturb
him ; but his resources are such that
we have the fullest confidence in Ms
ability to put the engine fairly on
the track, with all possible advantage
of circumstance, as efficiently as any
man living ; especially, as the general
call . of the Convention itself upon
him, assures him of the hearty sup?
port, in good faith, not only of the
politicians but- of the people. . Let
him know this, and the interests of
the commonwealth, under its present
dispensation, may be safely confided
to bis skill as chief engineer. The
Convention has taken upon itself a
very solemn-indeed, an awfmfrespon
sibility. It has relieved the Govern?
ment of the United States from the
responsibility of what has been done ;
for though all the radical changes in
our Government have . been initiated
by the decrees of th? United States,
our people had still an opflon, and
might have devolved upon the latter
all the risks and duties, all the odium
and evil which may follow from such
extreme and sudden changes in our
political and social condition. The
greater problem remains in reserve
that of the precess by v*hieh our peo?
ple, stript of all their property, are
made able to respond to the exaction
of any form or degree of taxation
which is yet to be enforced upon them.
Tin's problem is one upon which the
wisest statesmanship mfjy well pender
The Richmond Times 4tells us that
Mr. JJ. H. Chandler, the present
United States District Attorney for
the Eastern District of Virginia, (who
is a gentleman of ability and long
residence in Virginia.) is said io have
stated to the people of Dinwiddie
County, in ft public address, on- thc
18th instant, "that he.rejoiced to tell
them that all confiscation is at an
end, and that he had received orders
to suspend all confiscations." As
Mr. Chandler is the officer specially
charged by the Government with the
prosecution of the snits for the con?
fiscation of. the property which has
been libelled by the Government,
this declaration-carries with it much
A traveller, just arrived from Aiken.
I tells us of a serious affray at thal
placb recently, in which several ne
groes were severely wounded. It ap
pears that a negro fellow beat a iitth
i white boy very savagely. A .squad o:
half a dozen of the littlefellow's com
I panions made conimon cause agains"
the negro and drabbed him in turn
A group of negro men gathered t<
his defence and began the punish
meat of the boys, when some, gen tie
men interfered, and with their knive:
inflicted several wounds upon the ne
groes, and dispersed them. Then
was much cclfsequent excitement.
Napoleon. Arkansas, is said to b<
in-danger of totally disappearing ii
a few years before the encroachment!
of the Mississippi. .
United Stoles Senator.
" Wfe respectfully, propose for the
consideration of the State and the
next Legislature, .the name of the
Hon. William W. Boyce as a highly
suitable selection for one of our
United States Senators. His long
service and Experience in Congress,
his eminent intellectual attainments,
his devotion to the South and his
native State, ? his statesmanly and
conservative views as respect^ Federal
politics, his unsullied reputation as a
public man-all render him accept?
able as a Senator to represent South
Carolina in the national councils:
At this particular juncture, there is
a .special fitness in the choice of Mr.
Boyce.. He is regarded throughout
the North as a moderate man, and is
both personally and politically highly
acceptable to President Johnson, with
whom, before the war, his relations
were cordial. President Johnson hos
now, and has so expressed himself,
the utmost confidence in Mr. Boyce.
By his election, then, we will have an
able and incorruptible representative,
and one who, by his standing in the
North ?nd with the President, will be
potent for good. DELEGATE.
Theft and other virtues, in the
shape of horse and hog stealing,-are
reported to be of incessant exercise
throughout the country. No man's
mules or horses, hogs or poultry are
now safe, no matter what sort of lock
you use. The Indian proverb . is, |
"My knife laughs at.your locks." The
axe of the negro is quite as useful in
destroying the integrity of locks,
bolts and bars. The farmer is now
frequently compelled to secure his
horse or mule in his basement, and
watch by night with his double-bar?
relled gun. In this condition of,
things, the prospect of making a crop,
or of securing it when made, is a
i>roblem which no rule laid down by
Gunter is likely to elucidate.
HOMICIDE.-A painful report reaches
us of the murder of Dr. Dehon and
his son, in the neighborhood of Wal
terboro, by the driver of his planta?
tion and certain other negroes, while
he was riding in his buggy. We hear
of no other particulars, but trust that
the authorities in that quarter, if not
too much busied with the abstract
virtues of freedmen as they existed in
the time, of Cato, will see to the fu?
ture of the criminals, and adjust the
balances on behalf of Fate. We fear
that under the virtuous auspices of
the agc, and other still more occult
influences, these crimes are destined j
bo a fearful increase.
' TIME LIMITED FOR PARDON Arru- j
2ANTS.-Tlie Washington Chronicle, of ?
she 21st, says, in consequence of the
jreat number #f pardon-seekers who
laily besiege the Attorney-General's
office, and the almost exclusive atten?
tion they absorb in that department,
the time for theil appearance at thif
office has been hunted to between the
aours of ll a. m. and I p. m. The
wera ge number of applicants per day
is 150-nearly all of whom are of the |
twenty thousand dollar ?lass.
A TERRIBLE CONFESSION.-Daniel'
Andrews, Postmaster at Glencoe,"
Missouri, was recently arrested for
robbing a neighbor, an! committed
suicide in prison.- Before, doing so
lie wrote a confession, vhich stated,
xmong other things, that he murdered
x returned Californian, tight or ten
years ago, for the purpo;?e of securing
bis money, which amouite<r"to about
ben thousand dollars; tint he had the
inJ?fiered man buried at his own ex?
pense, many of the neighbors attend?
ing the funeral, and giving him credit
for charity to the dead. "He also in?
forms Iiis iriends that since his ap?
pointment as postmaster he had
robbed the mails in search of money
in many instances, and that he never
lost an opportunity to appropriate*
letters entrusted to bini,, with the in?
formation that their contents were
cainable. The most shocking state?
ment in the confession is that he had
Deen the means of killing two of his
iwn children, and that lie had medi?
ated the murder ot his wile,*procur
ng a gun and loading it for that pur?
pose only a few days before the date
if the confession,.
Tuesday, September BO, 1805.
.The Convention assembled nt 10
o'clock, the President took the Chair,
and ?he deliberations were opened
Mr. Bobertson introduced the fol?
lowing resolutions, which 'ere agreed
? Resolved, That the Clerk of this
Convention be charged? with the su
jjervision of the printing of the jour?
nal, reports, resolutions and ordi?
nances adopted by this Convention, in
permanent form; that he prepare and
have printed with the same a com?
plete index, and that he, be also
charged with the distribution of the
same, under the direction of the Pre?
sident; that he also shall prepare, and
have substantially bound, a correct
manuscript copy of the journal, to be
deposited in the Seeretary ofit^tate's
Resolved, That the Clerk be paid
for said ?services, and for services as
Clerk of the Convention, ?the same
salary as was paid the Clerk of the
House of Representatives in 1860.
Mr. Inglis, from the Revisory Com?
mittee, made a report on matters,
submitting a draft of the Constitu?
tion, which was amended. The report
?was then agreed to, and the Constitu?
tion committed *to the. Engrossing
Committee, and 500 copies ordered to
The President laid before the Con-"
vention the following communica?
CASHTEB VAUiET, N. C.,
September ll, 1865.
To ike President of the Convention of
So nih Carolina.
Sm: I have heard, though not
officially, that I have been elected' a
member of the Convention from
Richland District, and I write to say
that I shall do myself the honor to
take my seat as soon as I can reach
Columbia. Unfortunately* my means
of transporiation are just at present
not in a condition to be used, but
I hope to have them available very
I ?have the honor to be, very re?
WADE HAMPTON. .
The report of the Committee on the
Judiciary,, on a resolution as to co?
lored persona testifying in certain
cases, was referred to the Committee
to be appointed by the Governor.
The ordinance providing for the"
election of Governor, Lieutenant
Governor and members of the. Legis?
lature, was referred to the Engrossing
Mr. Conner offered a resolution,
which was unanimously agreed to,
that Messrs. D. L. Wardlaw, Alfred
Huger and T: N. Dawkins be a com?
mittee to present to President John?
son the memorial of this Convention
in behalf of Hons. Jefferson Davis, A.
H. Stevens, A. G. Magrath and G. A.
Trenholm, and that the expenses be
derayed out of funds rais?fl under
ordinances of the Convention.
, Messrs. Macbeth, Lesesne aird
others presented sundry'reports. .
The ordinance dividing the State*
into four Congressional Districts, in?
stead of six as heretofore, was passed.
Mr. Simonton introduced a resolu?
tion, which was agreed to, endorsing
the administration of President John?
son, and approving the mode of paci?
fication proposed by him, and offer?
ing to co-operate with him in the
(vise measure he has adopted fdr se?
curing peace and prosperity to the
The trial at New York of Anderson,
he*captain of tu ?emigrant ship, who
s charged with the most inhuman
jonduct towards his passengers, is
liverting attention from the jailor of
Indersonville, the notorious Wirz.
Anderson, it? seems, established a
louting "Andersonville" upon the
ligh seas, where he starved many
?undred men, women and children,
vho were not prisoners of war. He
s proved to have been liberal to his
:ows and pigs, and to have kept Iiis
inman passengers in a famished state;
?ut as the pigs and cows cannot tes
ify for the defendant, his case looks
*ery black*. One large family he al
owed per week eight small potatoes
.nd eleven crackers, and yet they are
live to testify against him. He had
alse bottoms to his measures, and
heated as well as starved his pas
engers. When asked for beer, he
;ave bones, and all that he gave,
vhether liquid or solid, was alive
nth loathsome insects. He made the
'good A No. 1 oopper-bpttomed pas
enger ship 'Villa Franca' " a floating
jell, andi his chances for being laid
ip in dry dock at Sing Sing for a de
ade are exceedingly promising.
Mrs. Moore, the widow of the poet,
Ijoc^l Items. .
"Cotton Blanks" and permits-indispen?
sable to all persons purchasing or shipping
cotton-can be obtained at this office.
. Members of the Convention and others
: can procure comfortable scats in good vc
|- hieles to Kingsville or any other point, at
j reduced rates, by applying at this office.
That useful institution, thc Southern
j Eipr?ss Company, has again placed ns
under obligations by the .prompt delivery
of late papers.
THE CATTCRE ASS DESTRCCTIOK OF THE
CITY-OF COLUMBIA, S. C.-Originally Pub
lished in thc Columbia Phonix-Revised
and Corrected by the Author.-About thc
middle of October, thc above work will be
issued from the* press of thc Columbia
Phonix-printed with new type and on fine
paper. Persons desiring copies are re?
quested to give their names as early as
possible. Single copies will be furnished at
tl. The trade supplied at a discount.
building of the city of Columbia goes on
with rapidity, and though the fabrics now
in coursft of erection but poorly represent
the ancient splendor, beauty and wealth of
the city, they must yet be held as encou?
raging signs of that restoi ed and growing
energy of the people which speaks well for
their resolution and their faith, in tbe fu?
ture. Our estimate ia that more than one
hundred new buildings ar'- now in progress,
taking their places promiscuously among
the bods of ruin. Some of these fabrics
are large and of brick-some rising unto
two or more stories. ? Main street, the for?
mer principal street for business, here and
there looma ont with a new fabric, and here
and there, throughout all the rained por?
tions o* thc city, individual proprietors are
reclaiming the land from the ashes, and
making, comfortable, if not improving,
habitations. Thc large number of shops
and storehouses argues preparation for the
resumption of trade, of no little importance
and variety. So should it be.
KEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention ie call?
ad to th s following advertisements, whieh
ara published for the first time this morn?
A. B. Phillips-Furniture, Saddle, ?ic.
Miss Bell-School Notice.
Nomination of E. J. Arthur ior Senator.
J. Meighac-New Goods.
J. Woodrow & Co.-Southern Presbytn.
Merchant's Hotel, Charleston.
. Gea. Ames-Special Orders No. 10.
j ' .? " -Circular No. 1.
" " -General Orders No. 2..
Meeting of Columbia Medical Sociotv.
i H. Hawkins-$50 Reword.
; COLONEL G. ST. LEGER GBEXFELL.
We.find the fohowing account of this
; officer,, formerly of the Confederate
! States Army, in a New York paper of
j the 18th:'
j Late on Saturday night, Lieutenant
1 Wyman, of the Fourth "Regulars,
I Hancock's Corps, with a squad of six
I privates, arrived in Jersey City via
! the *New York and Erie Railway, .
; having in custody G. St. Leger Gren
I fell, tried and found guilty as a rebel
I conspirator and hotel burner in Chi
: cago, and sentenced to be hung, the
sentence remitted to imprisonment
for Hie in the Dry Tortugas, and now
on his way there. The prison?r was
detained at the station house over
night and yesterday. Lieut. WyjMan
proceeded with him to New Yor^for
the purpose of embarking on board
the first vessel bound for New .Or?
leans, to convey the convict to his
FALSEHOOD.-A paragraph has been
going the rounds of the press, stating
that Mr. Howell, the father-in-law of
Jefferson Davis," had expressed the'
wish, in coarse- and profane language,
that his son-in-law might be hanged.
It originated with the correspondent
of that mendacious . sheet, tpe New
York Herald. How much truth there
is in the statement 'will appear from
the fact that Mr. Howell has bee?
dead, as we learn from tho Vicksburg
Herald', about three years..
Our impression is that there ?is as
much lying just now about various
matters and things in the South as
there has been at any time in the last
It'i.s doing a great deal of harm.
[Lou ist ?Ile Journal.
The following from Gen. Sheamian's
late speech at Lancaster, Ohio, gives'
pretty clearly the responsibility of
the devastation in his line of march :
"So, soldiers, "when we marched
through and conquered the country
of tho rebels, we became owners of
all they had, and I don't want you to
be troubled in your consciences for
taking, while on our groat march, thc
property of' conquered rebels. They
forfeited their rights to it, ami 1,
being agent for the Government to
which I belonged,?gave yon authority
to keep all tho quartermasters' couldn't
take possession?of or didn't want."