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vi? J5X J. A. .orjJUJD.1
COLUMBIA, S. p., THURSDAY MORNING, IEPTEMBE% 21, ?8G5.
.YOL. I-NO. *?*. y
rr^BT.IH?IKO IJAXLT AND TBI-'WEEKLY,
BY JTT??AN A. SE'LBY.
TEEMS--12? -A D VA JFCE,
! " . ' SCBSCRI?TIOX,
Daily Paper, fix months.*5 00
Tri-Weekly, W " ." 3 50
'Sing!? copies l? cents-,
Insertad at $1 per square for th? first in?
sertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent.
/?"Special notices 15, cents a line. .
.POE STATE SENATOR
The many friend? ?f E. J. ARTH1?R, m
consideratiorrof his past valuable services,
beg leave respectfully to nominate him for
re-election to tho office o* SENATOR from
Richland District;, nt thc ensuing election.
Security Insurance * Company cf j
%' ' New York.
CASU CAPITAL PAID IN $?,000,000.
RISKS taken at reasonable rates by 15
HUTSON LEE & CO., Agents,
. Sept 21 }G Assembly steeet.
B Sept 2S
WM FAMILY FLOU!
SPECK X POLOCK.
CORNER KINO AN JJ SOCIETY STS..
,CHARtBSTO?t S. C.
S. IL LOBING. CH AS. H. BENNETT^
Sent 27_ Imo.
' Beach, ?oot & Co.,
Marshall, Beach & Co .
Charleston, S. C.
Salomon, Root & Co.,
C?mnArcial Raildino, ?2 Broadway, N. >'. '
NEW YORK, SET^XMSES 1. 1865. I
WE have this day entered into copart- i
r.or.sbip, for the purpose of?fpoiiduct- !
iuK a GENERAL COMMISSION and BANK
LNG BUSINESS at each of the points above
Oar attention will also bc devoted to fill?
ing order? and making collections for our
Advances made o:\ consignurents of
PRODUCE ko either firm. Vuryjfrespect- '
fahy, J. N. BEACH, of Liverpool.
E. W. MARSHALL, of Charleston.
P 9. ROOT, of Atlanta, Ga.
B*?A.LOMON, late of New Orleans. j
UNION BANK, Liverpool.
H. R. CLAFLTN & CO., New York.
J. H. BRO WER. Esq., New York.
BU ROBERTS, Savannah.
C M. FUR?AN, Esq., President Bank of
Stat? S. C., Charleston.
E. J. HART & CO., New Orleans.
JOHN CALD\TELL, Columbia, S,C.
Sept 26 _ ?? I
jMri^ HAS just returned from Now
I^^RIMEN' 71 a LARGE ASSORT
FA ti ev i j
Millinery Goods ! I1
ITUNE FRENCH FLOWERS.
" FEATHERS. .
Latest style HEAD NETS.
Fine STRAW HATS.
A LABOE VAUTET? OK
CORDF? and TASSELS.
STAMPED SK f HTS.
And Patterns of Latest Fashions from
' Madame BemdVost'sF.mporrTfin of Fashion.
Bcaid".' ?largo variety of other FANCY
Is prepared, also, to STAMP Braiding1
Patterns for Skirts, &c. ^
Ladies are incited to call and examine.
' MnsfeM. E. BRADY,
Between Main and Assembly.
Vfe. LT.OM my premisos, OTI tho 2d
???3 instant, a medium-sized Bay Mar?
^JLJS.MUIJE, blind in right eye and both
tore eoofs split. .She was taken by a black
man named Jerry, formerly a slave of Mr.
John Beard, of this place. His right arm
is artificial, and Irv vvears a glove on the
hand. I sup*pose him to bc about Charles?
ton S. C., or Augusta, Ga. 1 will give
a reward of FIFTY. DOLLARS for his
'arrest and delivery to proper authority, and
a liberal reward f>>r the recovery of tho
mule. - W. S. SLOAN,
Sept 22 10* Columbia, S. C.
THE CONSTITUTION OF SOFT if CAROLINA.
. . ? ?>.
We, the people nf ike Slate af Smith Carolina, by our J)elfyates in Convention
met, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the?"Go'neenmeni of the said
State: ? 2 '
. . ARTICLE L
SECTION 1. Tho Legislative authority of * this State shall be vewtod in a
General Assembly, -rhich* shall consist of avenate and a House of Repre
scntativcs. h .
SECTION 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members
chosen by ballot, every second.yeur, by the citizens o? this ?State, qualified
as inrthis Constitution is provided.
" SECTION 3. Each Judicial District in the State shall constitute one Elee
tioa District, except ^Charleston District, which ?hall be divided in4:o two
Election Districts, one consisting of th g late Parishes of St. Philip and St. ?
Michael, to be designated the Election District of Charleston ; the other
consisting of all that part of thc Judicial District, which is without thc
limits of the said Parishes, to be known as tho Election District of
Berkeley. * .
SEC*TTO?? i. The boundaries of the several JncH?ii and Election Districts
shall remain as they are now established.
SECTION 5. The House of Representatives shall consist of mae hundred
and twenty-four Members, to be apportioned affl?ng the several Election
Districts of the State, according to the number of white inhabitants con?
tained in each, and the amount of all t;*xes raised by the General Assem?
bly, whether direct or indirect, or of whatever species paid in each, de?
ducting therefrom all taxes paid on account of property held in any other
District, and adding thereto ail taies elsewhere paid on account of pro
! perty held in such District. An enumeration of the white inhabitants, for
this purpose, was made in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty
nine, and shall be made in ^e course of every tenth year thereafter, in
:aicli mami#r as? shall be, bylaw, directed; and Representatives shall bc
assigned to thej*different Districts in the *abr*e-mentiouud proportion, by
Act of the General Assembly at the session immediately succeeding every
enumeration : Provided, that until the apportionment, which shall be made
upon the next enumeration, shall take effect, the representation ol the
several Election Districts, as herein constituted, shall continue as assigned
at. the last apportionment, each District which has been heretofore divided
into smaller Districts, known as Parishes, having the aggregate number of
Representatives which the Parishes heretofore embraced within its limits
have had since that apportionment, the Representative to which the Parish
of JJ1 Saints has been heretofore entitled, .being, during this interval, as?
signed tJ? Horry Election District. ? ?ii
SECTION G. Ir the enumeration herein directed shill not be made in the
course of the yenr appointed fer the purpose, it shaU be the duty of the
Governor to have it effected as soon thereafter as shall be practicable.
SECTION 7. In assicrnini? Re?Vesftnt?-*''ves to the sev?tr*3 a>??t*.i??i>~, ?*K
General Assembly shall allow one Representative Tor every sixty-second
part ?i the whole number of white inhabitants in the State, and one Rep
resentajive also for every sixty-second part of the whole taxes raised by
the General Assembly. Thete shall be further allowed one Representative
for such fractions of tho sixty-second part of the white inhabitants, and of
the sixty-second part of thc taxes, as when a??ed together form a unit.
SECTION,8. All taxesupon property, real or personal, shall be laid upon
the actual value of the property taxed, as tho same shall be ascertained by
an assessment mado for the. purpose of laying such tax. In the first ap?
portionment which shall be made under this Constitution, th? amount of
taxes shall be estimated from the average of the ?wo years next preceding
such apportionment ; but in every subsequent apportionment, from thv
average of the ten years then next preceding.
SECTION ?. If, in the apportionment of Representatives, J?ny Election
District shall appear not to be entitled, from its population and its taxes*
to a Representative, such Election [District shall nevertheless send one Rep?
resentative ; and, if there be still a deficiency of the number of Repre?
sentatives required by section fifth, such deficiency ihall be supplied by
assigning Representatives to those Election Districts having 4he largest
surplus fractions, whether those fractions consist of a combination of
population and taxes, or of population or taxe-s separately, until the
number pf one hundred and twenty-four Members be made%p : Provided, ' \
^however, that not more than twelve Representative* shall, in any appor?
tionment, be assigned to any one Election District. j
SECTION 10. No apportionment-of Representative shall be construed to !
take effect, in any manner, until the general election which shall succeed |
such apportionment. . j
. SECTION ll. Thl? Senate shall be composed of ore member from each j
Election District, except the Election district of [Charleston, to which j
shall bc allowed two Senators. *
SECTION 12. Upon the meeting of the first Genend Assembly, which j
shall be chosen under the provisions of this.Constitution, the Senators !
shall be divided^by lot, into two classes ; the seats sf the Senators of the j
one class to be vacated at the expiration of two yeirs after the Monday !
following the general election, and of those of the ether class at the expi- i
ration of four years ; and the number of these clastes shall be so propor- j
tioned that one-half of the whole number of Senaiors may, as nearly as ;
possible, continu, to be chosen thereafter every s?ccnd year.
SECTION J.8. NO person slndl be eligible to, or take on retain, a seat in the j
House of Representatives, unless he is a free white nan, who hath attuned j
the age of twenty-one years, hath been a citizen and resident of this State j
three years next preceding the day of election, ant] hath been for the last ;
six months of this time, and shall continue, a resident of the District j
which he ia to represent. j
SECTION 14. No person shall be eligible to, or take or retain, a seat in the
Senate, unless he is a free white man, who hath attained the age of thirty !
years, hath been a citizen and resident of this Stat.-live years next pre- j
ceding the day of election, arid hath been, for ?ne hut six months of this
time, and shall continue t> bo, ft resident of the District which ha is to 1
represent. < " j
' SECTION 15. Senators and Members of the Kousd of Representatives j
shall be chosen at r. general election on thc third Wednesday in October in ?
the present year, and on the same day in every scconi year thereafter, in :
such manner, and for such ternis of office, as are herein directed.- They \
shall meeton tho fourth Monday in November, annually, at Columbia, j
? (which shall remain the scat of Government, until otherwise determined
by tl^e concurrence of two-thirds of both branches of the whole represen- j
tatiofi,) unless the casualties of war or contagious disorder* shall render it j
un^fe to meet there ; in either of which cases, the Governor, or Comman?
der-in-chief, for the time being, may, by proclamation, appoint a more
secure and convenient place of meeting.
SECTION lf>. The terms of office of the Senators md Repr?sentatives,
chosen at a general election, skall begin en the Monday following such
SECTION ?7. Each House shall judge of the, elections, returns and quali?
fications of its otfn Members ;' and a majority of each House shall consti
tutea quorum to clo. business ; but a smaller mrmbrr may adjourn from*
c?ay to day, und may bo authorized to compel the attendance of absent
Members, in suck manner, and underisnch penalties os may be provided
by law. *
SECTION. 18. Each House shall choose its own officers, determine its; rules
of proceeding, punish its Members for disorderly behavior, and. with the
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a Member, but not :i second time for the
SECTION 19. Each House may punish, by imprisonment, during; ita
sitting, any person, not a Member, who shall be guilty of disrespect to the
House by any disorderly or contemptuous behavior in its presence ; or
who, during the time of its sitting; shall threaten hnrni to body or estate
of any Member for any thing said or done in either House, or iriio shall
assax?t any of them therefor, or who shall aMsar.lt or arro1* any witness or
other person ordered to attend the House, in his going thereto, or return
iping therefrom, or who shall rescue any person arrested by order of the
SECTION 20. The Members of both Houses shall be protected in their
persons and estates during their attendance on, grong to. and returning
from, the General Assembly, und ten days previous t-> tho sitting, and ten
days after the adjournment thereof. But these privileges slmll not be ex?
tended so as to protect-any Member who shall be ehsxrged with treason-,
felony, or breach of thc pc?ec.
SECTION 21. Kiils for raising a revenue shall originate in. the House of
Representatives* but may be altered, amended or rejected br the Senate ;
and all other? bills may oriidnate:in either House, and raayibe amended,
altered or rejected by the other.
SECTION 22. Every Act or Resolution having the torce oi law shall relate
to but one subject, and that shall be expressed in the- titlei
SECTION 2)1. No bill shall have the force ob law until it shall have been
read three time?, and on three several days, in each House, has had the
seal of the Stave affixed to it. and luis boen signed in thc Semite House by
the President of the Senat;- und the Speaker o? the House of Representa?
tives. ;. tr
.SECTION li. Ko money shJil be drawn out of the Public Treasury but by -
tte legislative authority of the State.
T SECTION 2V. lu all election:} hythe General Assembly, or tither House
thereof, the members shah vote " viva wee" aud their votes, thus given,
shall bc 'intered upon the journals of the House to which they respectively
SECTION 2(1 The Members cd" the General Assembly, who shall meet
under this Constitution, shall be entitled to receive ont of ?he Public Trea?
sury .for their expenses during their attendance on, going to and returning
from the General Assembly, five dollars for each dav'.'-: attendance, and
twenty cents for every mile o? the ordinary route af travel between tba
residence of the Member and the capitol or other place of sitting of tho
General Assembly, both going and reforming ; and/ the some may be in
i>v?:io'- r1??-?r?alu?A by hw, i? ?fa?T?/wvf? eiiu.ll lvouhv ; bul no alter?
ation shall be made to take effect dining, tho existence of the General
Assembly which t h xii nuke such alteration.
SECTION 27. Neither House, during the session of Hie General Assembly,
sholl, without tlie consent of the other, adjourn for nore fcluui throe days,
nor to any other phvee thau that in which the Assembly shall be, at the
SUCTION 28. No person shall be eligible to a seat in the General Assem?
bly whilst he holds any office of profit or trust under, this State, the United
States of America, or any of them, or- under any. other power, except
officers in the militia, army or navy of this State, Magistrates or Justices
of Inferior Courts, while such Justices receive no salaries ; nor shall any
contractor of the army or navy of this State, the United States of America,
or any of them, or the agents of such contractor, be eligible to a seat in
either House. And if any Member shah accept or exercise any of the said
disqualifying offices, he shah, vacate his soat.
'SECTION 29. If any Election District shall neglect td choose a member or
members on tlie day of election, or if any person chosen a member of
either House shall refuse! to qualify and take ins seat, or shidl resign, die,
depart the State, aceojit any clisqtialifying office, or become otherwise dis?
qualified to hold Ids scat, a Avrit of election shall be issued by the Presi?
dent of the Senate'or Speaker of tlie House of Kc^presentative?, as the
case may be, for the purpose of filling the vacancy thereby occasioned, for
tlie remainder of the term for which the person so refusing to qualify,
resigning, dying, departing the State, or becoming disqua?ifiod, was elected
to serve, or the defaulting Election District ought to have chosen, a mem?
ber or members
SECTION 30. Aid whereas the minivers of tho Gospel are, by their pro?
fession, dedicated to the service of God and the euro of souls, and oaght
not tobe diverted from the great duties of their functions ; therefore, no
minister of the Gospel or public preacher of any religious persuasion,
whilst? he continues in the exercise of his pastoral functions, shall be
eligible to the office of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or to a seat in Ihe
Senate or House of Representatives.
SECTION 1. The Executive authority of this State shall bo vested in a
Chief ^Magistrate, who shall he styled, The Governor of the State of South
SECTION 2.'Thc- Governor shall be elected by the electors duly qualified
to vote for members of the House of Representatives, and shall hold his
office for lour years, and until his successor shall Joe chosen and qualified :
but the same person shall not be Governor for two consecutive terms.
SECTION 3- No person sh'all be eligible to the office of Governor, unless
he hath attained the age of thirty years, and hath been a citizen and <
resident of this State for the. ten years next preceding thc day of> election.
And no person shalt hold the office of Governor, aud any other office or
commission, civil or military, (except in tho militia,) nuder this State or
the United States, or any of them, cu- any other power, atone and the same
SECTION 4'. The returns of every election of Governor shall be sealed up
bv thc Manager- of Elections in their respective Districts, and transmitted,
by a messenger chosen by them, to the seat of Government, directed fo
the Secretary of Stete, who shall deliver them to the Speaker of the House
of Representrfcives, at the next ensuing session of the General Assembly,
clnring the first week of which session the Speaker shall open and publish
them in the presence of both Houses of tlie General Assembly. The person
having the highest number of votes shall be Governor^ butt* two or more
shall be equal and highest in votes, the General Assembly shall, during the
same session, in the House of Representatives, choose one of them Governor
viva roce. Contested elections for Governor shall bo determined by tho
General Assembly iii such manner as shall be prescribed by law .
SECTION 5. A laeutenant-Governor shall be chosen at tho same time, in
the same manner, continue in office for the same period* and IK- possessed
of the sumo qualifications as the Governor, and shall etfrtjficio be President
of thc Senate. '
SECTION G. The Lieutenant-Governor, acting as President oi' the Senate,
?hall hav? no vote, unless the Senate be equally divided.