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BY J. A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 4, 1S65.
YOL. I-NO. 16^.
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TKI-WZXKLY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY
Dailv Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weekly, 44 44 . 8 50
Single copie.? 10 centa.
Insertad! at $1 per square for th? first in?
sertion, and 7."? cents for each subsequent.
*S-Speeial notices 15 cents a line.
Dun RIVALS IN COTTON KAISING.
It is un interesting question whether
the United States, in resuming the
culture and export of cotton, is likely
to find, in the foreign markets, dan?
gerous competitors in those countries
where thc growth of the staple has
been actively stimulated during the
past four years. The English, when
shut out from our Southern ports,
went busily to work to find or to raise
cotton in all countries of thc world
that were adapted to its production.
The Cotton Supply Association dis?
tributed seed wherever there was a
prospect of its growing, and furnish?
ed, on easy terms, steam plows, steam
machinery, and improved agricultural
implements. But the last report of
the result ol' these operations is not
encouraging. Much is expected, but
little has been realized, from Turkey.
Egypt gives promising returns, but
there is trouble from the decrease in
the production of grain. There were
hopes of increasing returns, in future
years, from the Arab Districts of
Syria, the regions bordering on the
Persian G'?If, the Southern parts of
Asia Minor and adjacent regions;
and there were both hopes and pros?
pects in Greece, Italy, Central and
South America, the "West Indies,
Australia, Natal and other parts of
Africa. Disappointment came from
India, for although the supply has
not diminished, it had not increased;
nevertheless, it was, beyond all things,
expedient for British interest to foster
the cotton trade of India'.
It will thus be seen that, though a
very respectable stock of cotton has
been obtained, during the last three
or four years, from other countries
than our own, there are, for the future,
more hopes than assurances. It must
be remembered, too, that the cotton
has been gfttten from these various
countries with the greatest difficulty,
and that the chief power which has
drawn it out has been thc enormous
price that it commanded.
Were the United States to enter the
markets of Europe on anything like
the old terms, there would be no com?
petitor that could make even a show of
standing'against it. And should white
labor and machinery, aided by the
black labor, enter in th. proper force
and style upon cotton cultivation, we
should have even better .conditions
than formerly, and shall control the
cotton markets ot* Europe.
[Nevo York Times.
RECONSTRUCTION AMONO THE IN?
DIANS.-We learn from the Memphis
Bulletin that there is much excitement
prevailing at Fort Gibson, Taraquat,
and, in fact, all through the Indian
country, with regard to the proposed
return of Confederate or rebel Indians
to their former homes and property
under the amnesty proclamation of
the President of the United States.
The Union Indians take thc ground
that the President's proclamation hus
no application to thein, as they are a
Confederacy or Union within them?
selves, and have exclusive right ol
regulating their own .internal affairs.
The Confederate Indians claim thc
right to return, and, as they have
never surrendered their anns, thev
will do so. They promise to take care
of confiscation and sequestration law.
Government authorities have re
turned to the Union Indians theil
arms, ammunition and equipments
instructing them to defend themselves
as they saw fit. A grand pow-wov>
has been called at Fort Gibson of thc
twenty one tribes composing the In?
dian Confederacy, but it adjourned
without deciding on any definite po
licy. It was feared an open ruptnri
would soon ensue, unless, as was pro
babb', the policy of the Governmen
of the United States toward pale-fac?(
Ponfederates should be adopted.
. A Card.
BEING now about to return borne to my
own city and District, after an absence of
some years, at thc solicitation ol my friends,
I hare consented to become again a candi
I date for the Legislature in Richland, and
hope to get homo at loast intime to see my
friends before the election. W. SHIVER.
Spartauburg, S. C., Sept. 21, 1865,
Oct 3 ?
For the Legislature.
DB. J. H. BOATWRIGHT,
COL: F. W. MCMASTER,
DR. WM. T. GEIGER, ?
.1. H. KINSLER. Oct 3
Tho friends of Dr. E. S. J.-HAYES re- i
speetfully affnonnce him as a candidato to ?
represent Lexington District in the next j
Legislature. Being a thoroughly self-made \
man. a graduate of the South Carolina Col- '
lege, and having an extensive acquaintance :
throughout tho entire State, Dr. Hayes j
.would carry with him into thc Legislature j
an amount of influence enjoyed by but few ?
in thc District. He will receive tho support
of MANY FRIENDS."
Oct 1 +5*
For the Legislature.
J. H. BOATWRIGHT,
JOHN H. KINSLER, *
W. H. TALLEY. Oct 1 1
For the Legislature.
The following gentlemen aro suggested j
as lit. persons to represent Richland Dis- j
trict in the next (General Assembly:
HTM; WALLACE. I AVM. K. BACHMAN, i
WM. II. TALLEY?. | JAS. G. GIBBES.
Sept 28 * .
FOBj. STATE SENATOR
! The many friends of E. J. ARTHUR, in
j consideration o? his past valuable services, \
1 heg leave respectfully to nominate him for
j re-election to tho office of SENATOR from
j Richland District, at thc ensuing* election.
Sept 27 j
Wc arc author.zed to announce JAMES
FARROW, Esq., of Spartanburg, as a can- .
didate to represent, in the Congress of the \
United States, the Fourth Congressional
District, comprising the. Districts of An- \
dorson, Tiekens, Greenville, Laurens, Spar- ?
tanburg, Union, York and Chester.
' Sept3()_* ;
The friends of GEO. D. TILLMAN, Esq., j
; respectfully announce him a candidate for
! CONGRESS, at the ensuing election, in the ?
: Third District, embracing Orangeburg, ;
; Edgefield, Lexington, Abbeville, Newberry, ,
j Richland an? Fairfield. Sept 28 *
I To the Voter? of" OraiiRtburg, Edge- !
iielfl, Ahl>cvllle, Scwbfirjr, Lexing?
ton, Richland mid Falrlield. I
FELLOW-CITIZEN'S: After much hesitation,
j I havo consented to bc put in nomination -,
j for your Reprcscntatiro in the Congress of j
j thc United States. I publish this card, he- j
? cause the District is so large and the time j
i before the election so short that I could
not. if I desired, efuivass the District. If a
. canvass were possible, however, I do hot
think it becoming or desirable. In my ?
'figment, this is no time for a scramble for '
j >riicc. It seems to mc that n<> one proper- 1
? ly impressed with the solemnity of the.
I crisis, and the delicacy anti importance.of |
j tho duties to be discharged, could seek thc
j position met ely for tho gratification of per- j
I sonal ambition. For myself, I declare that j
j I have no wish but to serve thc State.
In 17H8, South Carolina, through a ct n
Tcntion of her people, became ono of the
United States. She remained a member of
the Union until December, 1860, when,
through another convention of her people,
she repealed the Ordittance of 17SS, seced?
ed from the United States, and with cer?
tain other sister States entered into another
government, known 1 as the Confederate
Government. We believed that we had the
right to secede and, thatjonr security re?
quirod its exercise in co-operation with our
Southern sisters. Soutl^ Carolina, in 1852,
proclaimed hy solemn ordinanco the right
of secession. It had long bown the settled
opinion of tho State that she was sovereign
and entitled to all tho rights of sovereign t y.
She asserted self-government in order to
secure her institutions and principles from
great evils, believed to be imminent. Se?
cession was in the nature of a proceeding
'lu/ii timi I. I twas conceived in the spirit of
j self-preservation-not to injure othors but
j to save ourselves. It cannot be necessary
to say that I am one of those who believe
that it was an honest effort for honorable
purposes. . The United States Government
denied the right of secession and waged
war upon the Confederate States, which
stood upon thc defensive. A terrible war
of invasion and desolation followed, and
linally the Confederate Stat.? were over?
whelmed by force of numbemand dissolved.
At thc end of thc war the State of South
Carolina found thc Confederacy broken up,
lier citizens who survived thc terrible
-ordeal exhausted and impoverished, her
institutions destroyed, and tin whole coun?
try occupied by the military forces of the
United States. Under these painful cir?
cumstances, thc President o? the United
States invited tho States latch' composing
the Confederacy to ro-orgaunv their gov?
ernments and restore their comedi?n with
the Constitution and (roveruiieut -of thc
United States, upon certain eoiditious, the
principal of which was an accjiiesence in
the abolition of slavery, whick had been
accomplished by the military luthoritiee.
Tili- State, wisely in my judgment, respond?
ed favorably to thc invitation, lt is true
that the mere issue of battle dooxnot prove
right any more than did the ole "wager of
battle:" but it does prove power which can?
not bc disregarded. A Provisional Gover?
nor was appointed, who called aiother cou-*
vention of thc people, which has latelv
repealed the Ordinance of Secession, and
by an article in the State Constitution,
recognized thc abolition of slavery and pro?
hibited its re-establishment. By repeal?
ing that of Secession, the Ordinance of
.1788, through -which South Carolina be?
came, a member of the Union, was ipso
facto revived, and wc are thia day in the
Union precisely as we became in 17Sy and
remained up to 18(50.
We are now in avery anomalous position.
Relying upon tho good faith and patriotic
intentions of thc President of the United
States, wc have done all that was required
of us to restore our old relations, to the
Constitution and the Union; bnt still wi'
have, not been received into fellowship at
Washington. That important oart of the
plan of reconstruction remain.* yet to bc
accomplished. It is understood that n
party will oppose the President's plan ol
reorganizing thc States and giving to them
equality of rights, and will insist upon still
farther despoiling and crushing the States
of thc South as conquered provinces. Tins
radical fanatical party opposed our leaving
the Union, and,now they uppose our return?
ing to it. When we wore in the Union, they
abused us on account of slavery.. They
waged war upon us because we triod to
separate from them, and now that we pro?
pose to return without slavery, they std]
object. In this emergency, the Stare needs
the assistance of all her true men. Much
remains to be done, and not tb least is tu
secure a prudent, faithful and patriotic
representation in Congress, to assist and
forward the work of restoration which thc
.State has commenced. I arr?yate not tu
myself fitness to form part of such a rep?
resentation, but friends have urged me for?
ward, and if you arc willing1 tu try mo, I
will give my best efforts.
In some respects, we arc at thobeginnmg
of our policy, as if we were a !iew State
abotit to assume new relations with oui
sister Slates; but WP must neveraUowour?
selves to forget thai in other roxpects wt
art- an old State-a Statu havitg antece?
dents- a name to maintain and a history tc
preserve. Whatever may betide ns in tilt
uncertain future, the past, at lcist, is se?
cure. South Carolina has nevei swerved
from the path of honor, as she conceived if.
We ?iave a record of which noncjseed b>"
ashamed; and when any apostate son ?.!
hers disclaims or disparages it, may sin
cast bim out as unworthy of her. Tin
devotion <>f every true son of fae Stati
adheres in adversity as well as in pros?
perity- is loyal through evil as weil a?
through good report; and in the midst ol
thu greatest misfortune*, "*tickcth closei
than a brother."
After the delegations from the Southern
States shalPhavo been received int'? Con?
gress, many delicate and in?poi tant.dutioi
will devolve upon them, especially in refer
once to the freedmen of the South, and tin
control which Congress, or a party in Con
gross, may desire still to exercise ovei
them. Tt may not ba improper, in thii
connection, to say that, whilst I have ap
proved the course of thc State in seeking
to restore herold relations with the Govern
ment of the United States, it has been upoi
the faith and expectation that thc State, ai
soon as reconstructed, is to have entire
control of thc whole subject of her daines
tic affairs. The State, and the State alone
must bc left to decide to whom ?he wil
give tim right of suffrage or other politico
rights. A new code noir must be cnactei
to protect and govern t lie population lately
made free -to prevent idleness, vagrancy
pauperism and crime. I am not prophet
enough to foresee whether we can succeed
but 1 solemnly believes it will bc iuipossibh
to live in the country at all unless the Stair
has exclusive control of the whole subject.
I have hope that this will be permitted, and
I think it is in accordance with our inte?
rests and true policy to sustain thc Presi?
dent and the Democratic party in their
efforts to restore the states te their posi?
tion of equality and to give them equal
rights in thc Government.
With these views, if the Voters of the
Distri t think that I can serve them or thc
State in this critical emergency, I will do
my liest for tiicm; bnt I have too high a
sense of my own incompetency aird of tin
difticnlties and responsibilities of the posi?
tion, to solicit it br a personal canvass.
AnBEVH.1.1 C. H., Sept. 27, 1885.
rrVIE undersigned, Laving just completed
i COMMISSION SALES-ROOMS, situate
adjoining thc Court House, is prepared 1
ESTATE, FURNITURE, HORSES, VEHICI
Haring secured the services of Mr. C. F. '.
for his3qualifications in this line of bushiest
faction in all transactions entrusted to his c
As soon as the neeossarv" arrangemonts ct
tem of REGULAR WEEKLY SALES, which
sons desirous' of disposing of MERCHANTS
CALNAN & KRETJDEE,
T)trHOLESALE dealers in GROCERIES,
V\ WINES, LIQUORS and WEGARS. i
?Especial attention paid t? the purchase and
salo of COTTON, MERCHANDIZE and
PRODUCE. Gervais streut, between Main
and Assembly, opposite Stat* House.
Sept 28 " _Imo j
The Southern Presbyterian,
TfHK publication of the SOUTHERN
PRESBYTERIAN will he resumen m- ;
mediately after there-establishment ot tho
mails throughout tho country.
TERMS.- - Four Dollars per annum in ad- I
; vance. Presbyterian Ministers ami Elders j
' are requested to act its our agents.
! The style of the firm having been changed, !
: all communications should be addressed to i
JAMES WOODROW A CO.. Columbia, S.e. ,
Office at the Theological Seminary.
? Sept 27 " vrswS* j
~ STOLEN^ \ j
FROM my stable, on Wednesday !
; rr^di mght, the 27th september, a small j
I rfn RAY MARE, in fair order; had hal
: ter on;?just broke to ride: four years old;
? handsome; trots rough. 1 hope some kind
. friend will take her up, and take the thief,
i I will pav well for trouble. Ac.
D. 1). FENLEY,
Cedsr Creek. Richland District, S. C.
A?r Whmsboro Ne>rs publish three times
and send bili to this office. Sept SW)
Fifty Dollars Reward.
_ STOLEN from me a fine BAT
HORSE, supposed to be between
I 14 and ^3 nantis high, lnrj^e dish
j . I Ti face, star in the forehead, left eyc
! lash torn off, which keeps his eye-ball fret
! ted .and has caused a spot in tho eye-yet
? his siffht is Rood; one' hind fot>t white, a
' small wind-gall on his wethers, a largs
I neck, thin bo?y, very dark maue and tail.
I Any person knowing of such a horse will
please, address me'Ax Chick Springs, Green
I ville District, and I will sen* for the hv>rse
: and send th? reward.
! Sept 27 8* HARRINGTON HAWKINS.
J. M. BlaKely and Ct. P. Copeland
HAVE this day entered into copartner?
ship, for the purpose of transacting a
general COMMISSION BUSINESS, under
thc stylo anti name of BLAKELY A COPE?
LAND. They will give their best attention
; to the sale and purchase of COTTON, as
well as other things consigned to their
! cari-. They have anipk; store-room anti
will take charge of cotton, aad sell her?,
Charleston or New York, as may be desired.
Store and office tm Main street, corner of
Bound-TV, near Cotton Town, Columbia, S.
C. " BLAKELY COPELAND.
JCi" Charleston Couriercoj>y six times ami
: forward bill to this office. ' Sept 24
GBOOERIES AND DRY" GOODS.
(CONSTANTLY on hand, anti at t he Ll >W
J EST MARKET PRICES, A line and
\ varied assortment of
LIQUORS. . . .
AND DRY GOODS.
I Best BOURBON WHISKEY by the barrel,
gallon or br bottle,
! * SIMON'S' k KERRISON,
. Assembly street, opposite Cathedral.
Sept ll Imo
Beach, Root & Co.,
Marshall, Beach & Co ,
Charleston, S. C.
Salomon, Root & Co.,
j Commercial Building, 42 Broadway, N. Y.
NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 1. 1866.
WE have tiiis day entered into copart?
nership, for the purpose of conduct
ins a GENERAL COMMISSION and RANK?
ING BUSINESS at each of the points above
Our attention will also be devoted to fill?
ing orders anti making collections for our
Advances made on consignments of
PRODUCE to either firm. Very respect?
fully, J. N. REACH, oi* Liverpool.
E. W. MARSHALL, of Charleston.
S. ROOT, of Atlanta, Ga.
E. SALOMON, late of New Orleans.
UNION BAN li. Liverpool.
H. R. (TAPLIN & CO.. New York.
J. H. BRO WER, Esq., New York.
H. ROBERTS, Savannah.
C. M. FUBMAN, Estf., President Bank of
Stat? s. C. Charleston.
K.J. HARTA CO.. Sew Orkans.
JOHN CALDWELL, Columbia. S C.
Sept 20 'A*
his large and commodious AUCTION AND
d above hi* NEW STORE, on Main street,
:o sell all kinds of MERCHANDIZE, BEAL
diS, etc., etc., either at AUCTION or FRI
HARRISON, so long and favorably known
!, he thinks he can guarantee perfect satis?
in be made, he designs inaugurating a sys
will present KARE FACILITIES to all pci
[ZE, etc., at auction. Oct 1
S G. GIBBES.
TlTE subscribers ha vu just received, di?
rect fmni New York, a full supplv of"
Ladies' and Gent's FALL and WINTER .
GOODS, of all kinds, such as CALICOES.
DELAINES, MERTNOES, FLANNEL, Bal?
moral Skirts. Ladies' Cloaks. Lon^r. cloth.
Linen, Handkerchiefs and Taney Dre**
Goods, A e.
GENT'S WEAR?-Clothing, Hats, Cap?,,
lioots, Shoes, Under-shirts, A?.
A goo?l assortment of CROCKERY and
Citizens anti perseus generally would do
well to give UK a cal! before purchasing
Sept 18 Imo p. LYONS A CO.,
Corner Assembly .ind Waihingto? ata.
!\EW GOODS ! NEW GOODS !
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE BT
I Al ?f?> IVeic Store. Washington Sli ?e?, just
9t>i>osite the Old Jail.
DRESS GOODS, Colored and M?urnAg,
consisting of :
Plain, Plaid and Striped ALPACAS.
LUSTRES and DELAlNHS.
.Also, CALICOES. TWEEDS, At.
UMBRELLAS, BALMORAL SKIRTS.
CRASH, for Towelling. LOVE VEILS.
LINEN SETTS, with and without Lae?,
and with Mourning Edges.
Black Silk and Colored Silk Cravat?.]
Elastic Garters, Men's Buck Gloves.
Ladies'Gauntlets and Gloves.
Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, for Ladies
Fancy Hair Nita, for Waterfalls, and
plain Silk Net*.
Hair Brushes and Combs.
(lent's Linen Collars. Scent Paper*.
Irish Linen. <.f all qualities.
Longcloths, Ladies' Undervests.
Rubber, Coat ?nd Vest Buttons.
(ieut's Half Hose,, of excellent quality.
Mon't fine Felt Hats, black and colored.
Colored Woolen Shirts aud Drawers.
Corsets, China Dolls of all mixes.
Hoop skirts. Perfumery.
Castile Soap. Suspenders.
Paney Dress Buttons.
Belts*of every variety. .Belting Ribbon.
Scissors. Tooth and Nail Brushes, A?.
White and Brown SUGAR:
Green and Black TEA, COPFME.
Starch, Soap, Candles.
Molasses, Brooms, Herrings.
Sardines. Matches, Blacking.
Ruta Baga Turnip seed, Ac. Sept) 2M
SPECK & POLOCK,
General Commission Merchants,
Plain street, 2d door from Assembly,
Sept 7 COLUMBIA, S. C.
THE undersigned, having
teased the large and eom
iwodwus building known as
fch'i* "Columbia Methodist
re;iune t.onege," h0*Ot)?nedit as a FIRST
CLASS HOTEL. T. H.- DICKERSON,
?opt ll Proprietor.
Mounce & Calhoun,
COMMIS. MERCHANTS, .
CIOP.XER Gervais and Gates streets,
; (near S. C. and G. A C. R. R. Depot?,)
Columbia. S. C., receive and forward all
iuds of Merchandize, Tobacco, Cotton and
.11 Produce, or store the same. Partir?
on signing to ns will find their freight
hipped with despatch fron. Orangebnrg.
d^ton, Winnsboro or other points, by wa?
nn, during the breakage on said roads.
Ve keep two? two-horse wagons for city
lt. H. MOUNCE. J. W. CALHOUN.
RKFERKXCTS.-J. G. Gibbes, Edwin J.
cutt, Columbia; Johnston, Crews A Co.
?liarleston; Linton & Dowty, Augusta, Ga.;
Vni. Taylor A Co., Montgomery, Ala.; Cox'
(raynard & Co., Mobile, Ala.; W. a.. .J.
?nney, Danville, Va.: Hubert bumpkin,
lifihmond, Va. Sept 14 Imo*