Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning. Nov. 2, 1865
The AV ar Debt* of the State.
There are rather conflicting reports con?
cerning President Johnson's views in rela?
tion to the sincerity or loyalty of tnc people
of a State, who admit as legal or binding
thc debts created by that State to aid in
carrying on the war. We see by a para?
graph in the Charleston Ncics, that a letter
received by a me Tenant of that city, from
Mobile, dated October 23, says: "Thc
State of Alabama repudiated the debt con?
tracted during the war, under a misappre?
hension that the President would require
the State debts, as well as her share of thc
Confederate debt, to be repudiated, before
he would allow her to regain her position
in the Union. President Johnson only re?
quired her to repudiate that portiom of the
Confederate debt which she had agreed to
Again, we And the following telegram in
"WASHINGTON. October 27_The Gover
.nor of Georgia has been officially notified
by the Secretary of State that the Presi?
dent cannot recognize the people of any
State as having resumed their relations
of loyalty to the Union, who admit as legal
any obligations, contracts or deute, created
in their name, to promote the war of the
Tho following extract from the message
of Governor Johnson, to the Legislature of
Georgia, defines his position on the sub?
ject, and is probably in accordance with
his knowledge of President Johnson's views
on the subject:
"The liabilities incurred before the war
is in every sense a debt, and the State is
bound, by every consideration of good
faith and public morality, so to regard it.
and to make provision for the prompt and
faithful discharge of such liability. No
reasonable doubt can be entertained that
sncb will be her pleasure and her action.
But the debt created during the war stands
on a very different basis. It is of no legal
or moral obligation, because it was created
to aid in the prosecution of a war of rebel?
lion against tho United States. The pur?
pose sought to bo accomplished waa uncon?
stitutional, and all who participated in any
wiso in the effort to sever the country, were
violators of law, and can, therefore, set up
no claim, either legal or equitable, for
money advanced or for services rendered.
Furthermore, these contracts, from which
a liability is said to result, were made with
Georgia m rovolt-with Georgia as a mem?
ber of the Confederate States Government.
The Government to which she then be?
longed has been overthrown, and with
their overthrow all Confederate debts be?
came extinct. Georgia, as a component
part of it, no longer exists, and her debts
then incurred have, in like manner, been
extinguished. She is now no longer in revolt.
She is one of the States of the Federal
Union, and, in her reconciliation, her alle?
giance to the Government requires that the
act ol secession be cancelled, and all oth&i
acts done and performed in aid of the re?
bellion, be declared void and of none effect.
The ultimate redemption of the currency,
both State and Confederate, was made
dependent-in fact and in terms -upon the
result of the fatal struggle. No one ex?
pected payment if finally defeated in our
efforts to secure independence, and, there?
fore, no plighted faith is violated by a re?
fusal, on the part of Georgia, to assume to
pay an indebtedness dependent on the
issue. The currency and the canss nourish?
ed together while in life, and nov that the
cause has no being, the currency that sus?
tained it may well be interred in the same
"To call a refusal on the part of the
State to acknowledge or pay these extinct
demands repudiation, is hut a perversion
ol'the use of language, and presents an ap?
pearance of an attempt to sustain and up?
held a desperate cause by a resort to odious
words and opprobrious epithets. Our bur?
dens are already great, and our strength
greatly diminished. Thc assumption of
such a debt will still add to our weakness,
impair our credit, increase our taxes, deter
immigration, prevent capital from seeking
aa investment among us, and will embarrass
ns in a variety of ways for years to come.
"To transfer this great question to the
Lc "islatnro will be considered asa quasi
endorsement of its justice. The Legisla?
ture will have its own peculiar burdens to
bear, and will be pressed with business
beyond that r>f any one that has ass* rubied
in our day. It will be charged with framing
and passing tax laws, police laws, penal
laws, laws relating to contracts, anti to all
thc manifold relations of life. Such subjects
will bc sufficient to consume the time and
the talents of thc mc>st abb and industrious
. ?men, and the public welfare will demand
that to these subjects the members of the
Legislature shall give th.-ir earnest, best
and imdivided efforts.. Let not that body,
when in session, he besieged from day to
day by claimants anil their agunts and at?
torneys, urging the assumption, in whole
er m part, of these unconstitutional de?
mande? Let the hope: id' reward in such
efforts be entirely cut oil, let this overflow?
ing fountain ot corruption be now and
forever dried np, and let the recoid of our
actum oil this subject discourage, in thc
future, all premature etlbrta to overthrow
a long and well-established Government.
In a word, ordain solemnly and deliberately,
that no Legislature, now er hereafter,
shall, directly or indirectly, in whole or in
part, assume" to pay, in any manner, these
demands, unconstitutional in their crea?
tion, and many of them without even tho
countenance of equity to support thom."
We refer to an article from the Charles?
ton 2V>i".s, em tiic same topic. It is probable
that e re lung thc President's views on this
subject will be clearly di line d and dis?
ELECTION OF CIIILF JUSTICK. -Chaneolio,.
E. E. Dunkin was, un yesterday, < lected
Chief Justice by the Le gislature.
Election, of United State? Senator.
The election of United States Senator,
for the short term, took place yesterday, in
the Ii6giel*ture, HOTS J? T-. Manning was
elected by a large majority, and although
we have thc highest respect for every can?
didate or nominee in connection with the
office, we must congratulate our people"
upon thc selection of Ex-Governor Man?
Having filled thc office of Governor with
the unqualified approbation of the people
of the State-in all thc pobtical excite?
ments which have agitated her people;
clinging to thc conservative principles
which have ever guided ber most prudent
statesmen. Governor Manning deserves
the compliment and confidence which were
extended to him yesterday, in his election
to the United Sfaus Senate. Iii the hands
of euch men as Governor Perry and Hon.
J. L. Manning, the interests of the State
are well confided, and will, wc have no
doubt, bo productive of the happiest
Hedleal College of the State of South
The winter session of 1865-'66 of this
time-honored institution will begin on the
first Monday of November next. We are
gratified to learn, during a recent visit to
Charleston, that every enort is being made,
on thc part of its professional corps, to
secure the highest advantages for thc
instruction of students. The museum,
which is one, wo are told, of great value,
has sustained but lit tie damage or loss, and
the trifling injury which thc building sus?
tained from the bombardment has lieen
repaired. The dissecting room has been
rc-arranged, and the demonstration of
anatomy can be conducted teiiii pcituiar
advantages at this time.
The largo number of poor thrown upon
thc community by the freeing of its slave
population, has filled the hospitals with
clinical material, and places this indispen?
sable means of practical instruction ou a
level with thc best which can bo offered at
the North. With the reputation secured
by the older aud the energy infused by the
younger members of its professional corps,
we predict for the college a large measure
of success. We sincerely trust that all
desiring a medical education will consider
it their first duty to procure it, as far as
possible, at home.
Trial of Mr. Davin.
Thc Washington correspondent of the
New York Herald says :
It is now positively known here that the
trial of Jefferson Davis bas been decided
upon, and the arrangements have been
nearly completed. The trial will be for the
crime of treason, and will take place either
in thia city or Richmt nd, and before the
United States Supreme Court. The counsel
for the Government have been selected by
the Attorney-General, and the friends of
Mr. Davis have selected and retained
counsel for bim. Now that thc Wriz trial
is concluded, it is supposed that that of
Davis will immediately follow.
THE SEW GOLD CEETIFICVTES.-Consider?
able talk is heard about the Herald's state?
ment, that the Treasury Department was
about to issue gold certificates to bc used
as coin in the payment of duties. Many
infatuated persons look upon it as a scheme
to pay the interest o tiffi ve-two uti es and
sixes or ISSI, in paper. The "goldbacks"
are simply certificates to be exchanged for
gold, dollar for dollar, and are intended to
relieve importers and others who have been
required to handle hundreds of pounds of
coin monthly, from a great portion of thc
risk and trouble. The larger denomina?
tions of notes will bo made payable to the
order of the gold depositor, and wiil be
exquisitely engraved, after some of Parley's
desigus, thus defying alike the counter?
feiter and thc thief. They will receive the
signature of the Treasurer and Register
in Washington, and will be countersigned
by Sub-Treasurer Van Dyck, at New York.
THE FENIAN COXOKESS.-Thc Fenian Con?
gress continued ;n session in Philadelphia
on Monday. A complete re-organization
has been effected, modelled after our Na?
ti'.nal Gov? rnmont, with a President, Cabi?
net, Senate and House of Representatives.
Boto Houses of thc new-established Con
'" ess held sessions yesterday. Col. John
v .Mahony was unanimously and amidst
greai cheering declared President; after
which he took thc oath of office and deli?
vered an address A committee was ap?
pointed to draft an address embodying a
rec ognition of an Irish Republic, winch is
to hare a building in Now York for govern?
mental purposes. There is said to be much
rivalry for thc possession of Lhc bonds
authorized by the Congress to be issued,
which arc. now nearly, if not quite, ready
for distribution, lt is thought that all the
business would bi finished Tuesday.
Wc an informed that Miss Carrie C.
Lester, of New York, an agent and corres?
pondent of Hon. Ben. Wood's paper, the
Daily Nev:s, will shortly visit our city, on
business, and during her ?tay will afford
our citizens an opportunity of judging ol
her abilities as a Shakspearcan reader.
Legislature South Carolina.
Tn ?"??lay. October 31, 1905.
Tho Senate met at 12 m., and the Clerk
read the journal of the proceedings of yes?
Hon. Edward W. Charles, Senator elect
from Darlington, appeared at the Clark's
doak, presented hie credentials, and took
The President laid before the Senate a
communication from Col. Sloan, Clerk of the
Convention, enc.oeingacopy of resolutions,
adopted by the Convention, requesting
the General Assembly to have tho Consti?
tution of the State, adopted by the Conven?
tion, together with the several ordinances
and resolutions passed, published with the
acts and resolutions ?f the General Assem?
bly, at it? next session; which was referred
to the Committee on Accounts and Vacant
The Special Joint Committee, to which
was referred the ditagreement of the House
of Representatives to the proposition of
the Senate to chango thc place of meeting
of the Senate to College Library, beg leave
to report: That they have considered the
matter, and recommend that the Sonata
hold it? session in the CoUege Library.
Mr. Arthur was appointed to the Com
mittee on thc Judiciary, and the Committee
on College. Education and Legislative
Mr. Reid to thc Committee on Roads and
Buildings, and the Committee on Accounts,
Vacant Offices and Printing.
Mr. Charles to thc Committee on Finance
and TRs-pVi?. ?.ml to the Committee cn Com?
merce, Manufacture, and Mechanic Arts.
Mr. Arthur offered a resolution, which
was agreed to, that it be referred to the
Judiciary Committee to inquire and report
whether thc offices of Treasurer of tho
Upper and Lower Divisions have been
abolished by the provisions of the new
Constitution providing for a single Trea?
surer for the entire State.
The Senate joined the House in a baUot
for United States Senator.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Clerk called the roll, the Speaker
took the Chair, and thc proceedings were
opened with prayer by the Rev. Dr. Rey?
Thc Speakei laid before the House a
communication from John T. Sloan, Clerk
of the Convention, enclosing resolutions
adopted by that body, requesting tho pub
hcation ot its. proceedings with the acts
and resolutions of tho Geueral Assembly;
which was referred to the Committee on
Mr. R. S. Duryea, a member from
Charleston, appeared, produced his creden?
tials, was sworn, and took his seat.
Mr. Leitner presented the petition ot the
Camden Bridge Company, praying for time
to rebuild theil bridge over th?.1 Watereo
Mr. Todd presented the petition of Juhn
S. Puckett and John Cunningham, praying
the recevrai of charter for ferry across Sa?
Mr. Browning introduced a resolution,
which was agreed to, that it bo referred to
the Committee on tho Judiciary to inquire
and report if SOUK legislation is not neces?
sary -nd exp?dient to prevent owners of
plantations from allowing their former
slaves ami ether bec negroes from settling
upon their premises and planting lands,
paying only a nominal rent.
Mr. IVag?uer introduced a bill for the en?
couragement of European immigration, and
! for the appointment of a Commissioner,
I and for other purposes therein expressed;
I which was read th? first time, and was re?
ferred to the Committee on Agriculture.
j Mr. Siogling introduced a resolution,
which was agreed to, that the Committee
on Privileges and Elections be instructed to
prepare and report a bill providing tor the
election of Electors of President and vice
President of the United States in the State
\ of South Carolina !>y tho people.
Mr. Lord introduced a resolution, which
was agreed to. that it be referred to tho
Committee en the Judiciary to inquire and
report as to ti-J expediency of so altering
the law cf evidence, in thia State, as to
make the parties to suits, either in the
Courts of Equity ol Law, competent wit?
nesses; and in cases of misdemeanor, to
enable the defendant to testify, when the
prosecutor is produced as a nitucss on thc
part of the State.
Mr. Mulvaney introduced a resolution,
which was agree;! io, that it be referred to
the Judiciary Committee to inquire and
report whether any. and if so, what addi?
tional legislation is necessary for the pur
>ose of more effectually carrying out the
aw, called tho Urn ur ir, and with a view to
an extension of its provisions
Mr. Moore introduced a resolution, which
was agreed to, that it be referred to the
Judiciary Committee tu inquire and report
what changes, if any, in thc law ol' evi?
dence, is rendered necessary by the de?
struction of the public records by the
enemy, in their passage through ibis State
in the early part af tin present year.
Mr. Preasley intr xluced a resolution,
which was agreed to, that it bi- raferredto
the Committee ou Load?, Bridges ?.nd
Ferries, to inquire into tin: expediency of
changing the mw, in thia State, in regard
to working thc public rea ls, so as to have
tlc. werk dom by contract.
Mr. Talley hitrodUVed a bili to ann nd an
A' i, entitled "An Act te alter ?lie law in
relation to last willa anil testament.), and
for ot her purp? ses." ratified 21st .' >eccmbor,
A. D. 1858; which was ..cul the first time,
and was referred to th? Committee on the
Mr. Walsh introduced a resolution, which
was agreed to. that it be referred to thc
Judiciary Committee to inquire and report
whether or not any legislation is necessary
in relation Co the ?ftici of Tax Collector, in
those Election Districts fi innerly consisting
of separate l arishes. each having its Col
Mr. Eeitt introduced a resolution, which
was agreed to, that it b referrecl to thc
Judiciary Committee to inquire and report
upon the expediency of inserting a clause
in the (..'ode to tilt following elliot, viz:
That no person shall Lire a servant except
said servant has a e< rtificate of discharge
from his form, r master, the Judge of the
District Court or Magistrate, under a
penalty of one hu,'.ired dollars tine and
six months imprisonment.
Mr. Simonton introduced a resolution,
which wau agreed to. that the Committee
of Ways and Moans be instructed to inquire
and report if any means jan bo provided
for the payment" to public officers of some
part of thc salaries due them, at an early
The resolution in reference lo adjourn
ment to Charleston was ordered to bc laid
on the. table.
TS?XN'G CoNFEDEBATES EOE TREASON'.
The Loni?v?lo Journal says that, as to the
trying of Lee and his confederates for
treason, convicting and exeeuting them,
the case is very simple and very plain.
The Government can't do it. P has been
estopped from it by its own solemn acts.^
It pledged its honor, its faith, everything
it has to pledge, that it would do nothing of
this kind ; that it would not .* disturb" the
surrendering parties so long as they should
keep their paroles and observe the laws
where they might reside. That was the
bargain. It was clearly expressed, clearly
understood. No cloud of words can clog
it, no logical subtleties evade it, and no
political legerdemain can ever deceive any
honest mind as to "the nature of the con?
tract or thc duties incumbent upon the
contractors. Our Government, we feel
sure, will religiously observe its faith, its
loyalty, and preserve untarnished its honor,
its good name and fair fame in thc prem?
ises. All the rivers of earth could not wash
out the stains it would bofou? itself with by
a contrary course. How any decent sane
ia an can wish the Government thus to
make itself everlastingly execrable, volun?
tarily to place thc brand of infamy upon its
own forehead, is to ns utterly incompre?
hensible. It is a moral or rather immoral
phenomenon which we can explain only by
referring it to tho irrational.
FLORIDA.-It baa been often said that
this beautiful State is the only place in the
Union where a poor man can lire, and the
following extract from a letter lately re?
ceived by the Savannah Republican leads
us to think there is truth in the remark.
The Utter is dated at Marion C. H.>
October ll, and the extract is as follows :
And now for the prices current in this
section. Com 40 to 50 cents por bushel ;
bacon 20@25c. per flt,.; butter 20</?2?c: eggs
10'5;12c. per dozen ; sugar 15^:200.: grown
fowls 25 cents each ; half-grown 20 cents ;
sweet potatoes 37?50c. per bushel ; fresh
beef i<Q?c. per IS. Dry goods are as cheap
here as in Savannah, "and many qualities
National Thanksgiving Day.
Whereas, it has pleased Almighty God,
during thc year winch is now coming to an
<-nd, to relieve our beloved country from
the fearful scourge of civil war, and to
permit us to secure the blessings of peace,
unity, and harmony with a great enlarge?
ment of civil liberty; and, whereas, our
Heavenly Father has also during the vcar
graciously averted from us the calamities
of foreign war, pestilence and famine,
while our granaries are full of tho fruit* of
an abundant season: and, whereas, right?
eousness exalt nh a nation, while sin is a
reproach to any people:
Now. therefore, be it known, that I. An?
drew Johnson, President ef the United
States, do hereby recommend to thc people
thereof, that they do set apart and observo
the tir.-t Thursday of December next as a
day of national thanks-given to the
Creator of the Universe for these deliver?
ances and blessings. And I do further re?
commend, that on that occasion the whole
people make confession of our national
sins against His infinite goodness, and with
one heart and our mind implore the Divine
guidance in the ways of national virtue
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto
set my hand, and cause d tho seal of the
United states to bc affixed.
Done; at the city of Washington, this
twenty-eighth elay of October, in
the year of our Lord ono thousanel
fi.. .-.] eight hundrad anet sixty-five, and
of the independence of thc United
States of America the ninetieth.
By the Pre sident :
WM. H. SEWARD, Sec'y of State.
COLORED MILITIA.-We perceive in u late
number of thc Greenville Mountaineer, a
letter fjom Ge-u. Bennett, Commandant of
tie- Military District Of Charleston, answer
ing a communication from His Excellency
Governor Perre, in which he says:
GOVERNOR: ? have the honor to je-know
ledge the receipt of your communication of
September 26th. I entirely concur in your
opinion that the organization of cedoreel
militia would be- disastrous in the extreme,
and would undoubtedly inaugurate a war
of races. T have countermanded the order,
and enclose you a copy of instructions to
This is followed by another, equally as
HEADQ'BS MILITABT I>I-T. CHARLESTON,
CHARLESTON, S. C., October 4, lb(>5.
Col. Jain?* Beecher, Commanding Second
COLONEL: The Brevet Brigadier-General
Commanding dirocts that you revoke the
paragraph in your order, in which you
authorize t!ie organization of colore d men
as militia. Since tho establishment of
peace. Gen. Gillmore has discontinued the
organization of a military force of colored
men, anti disapproved, last June, a requi?
sition from General Hatch for arms for a
company of colored men raised in this city.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. MILTON THOMPSON,
Capt. 33d U. S. C. T., and A. D. C.
Tie. medical department of the Freed?
men's Bureau estimates that it has about
7,000 sick .md helpless ne groes unde r its
care anel treatment throughout the South?
ern State .-, the number of such de pendents
averaging about 600 to each state.
The sale advertised by Messrs. Darbee A
Walter ?o take place this dav, at tb ecru r
of Washington and Gates streets is post?
poned until further notice.
JCSTPUDMSHED.-The Sack and Destruc?
tion cf thc City of Columbia, originally
published in the Columbia Phoenix. A
pamphlet edition of thc above bas just
been is sued and is for sale at tbis office
price SI a copy.
"Cotfcon Blanks'" and permits- indi??p?a
able to all persons purchasing or ?hippin?
cotton-?an be obtained at this office
CALNAN St KBEUDEB.- These gentlemen,
at their store on Gervais street, have one
of the largost and best assorted stocks of
groceries, provisions, wines, ales, Ac, that
wo have seen our market snppked with
for some time. Indeed, it would do credit
to the good old days of abundant railroad
communication, and of prosperity in all
the interests of the country. House?
keepers can supply themselves abundantly
at their establishment, and we advise them
to call and examine for themselves. It is
an elegant stock and of large variety.
MESSBS. EDITO BS: I have ever felt *
deei) interest in the once beautiful capita!
of our State, and though now in "sack?
cloth and ashes,"' and myself scarcely a
citizen of thc place, I still feel an earnest
desire for her welfare. I shall, therefore,
take the liberty to suggest' a great im?
provement-one that will coat nothing, and
may save a few hundred dollars, as well as
be a great convenience to all who traverse
our streets. First, throw away ail names
ot streets and adopt numbers. For thc
streets running North and South, com?
mence next thc irrer, in this way: 1st street,
2d street, 3d street, Ac. Ac. to the end of
tho chapter. Then turn tho other way on
the streets running East and West, com?
mence at tho South end of the city, 1st
avenue, 2d avenue, 3d avenue, Ac. Ac
Avenue is very appropriate to those streets,
as they mostly have three rows of beautiful
trees running through them.
With this plan, no one, stranger .><.
citizen, will ever bc at a loss to know where
he is, and that without inquiry, if tho
crossings are properly marked: and thc
marking can be done at one-tenth thc ex?
pense of that now required, which would
requite ai least two lettered boards at every
crossing in the city. Now the numbers
need no boards, nor, indeed, an artist, but
only a man that knows his letters. Fur?
nish any person of that kind with the tn'i
figures and the two letters S and A, cut i:;
sheet copper, and he is equipped tor mark?
ing ; xe whole v?ity, and that tn a ve ry short
time and very trilling expense. The figures
and letters should be largo and bold--at
least eight inches long. A little Mack
paint and brush doe* ihp work completely.
The process is so cheap and simple that,
in the absence of a building, a plank fence,
brick wall, or even a paling, is all sufficient
for the number required. Hoping our city
fathers will approve and adopt instanter, ?
rema.n yours truly, \V.
NEW AnTEUTisEMrNTs. - Attention is cull?
ed to the following advertisements, which
ar? published for the rirst time this morn?
Nomination ol' Dr. Talley io: Mayor.
Joseph Bates- Mule Stedt n.
E. E. Jackson -Druggist anet Apothee'y.
J. McKe nzie-Confectionary, Ac.
Hanahan ft Warley-Dry Goods.
J. G. Gibbes-Groceries, Ac.
Miss S. G. Hnntt--School Notice
G. T. Mason-Confederate Baptist
TUE HOUSE CLERK'S POSITION DETENED.
By the law passed at the last se-ssiou of
Congress, the Clerk of the House, holding
over from the last Congress, on reading the
roll of members epiabiied to go into the
election of a ?Speaker, is restricted to
" those only who shall have been regular?
ly elected under the laws <>f Cemgress or
the several States." It is now said, upon
radical republican authority, that Mr. Mc?
Pherson, tba Clerk of the' last Congress,
upon whom will devolve the initial authori?
ty, ad its presiding officer, in the organiza?
tion of Hie new House, has declared that
he will not place upon the official !if-t ol
members, any person claiming to be elected
from a State:" that has been in rebellion
against thc Government, inasmuch as he
regareis any sue:, person as not coming
within thc pale of the aforesaid law lt
such is the decision of Mr. McPherson,
we know where he be longs, and that he i
the radical candidate for a re-election.
I Kern York IltraM
FROM NEW ORLEANS.- -Governor Weils in?
actively organizing thc State militia. Most
of the; officers appointed were promin? nt in
the Confederate army.
In reply to a communication from G .
vernor Wells in n gari to the threatened
negro insurrection in North Louisiana,
General Canby says he will order an addi?
tional white force te> Shreveport, that ar?
rangements have been made to disabuse
tho negroes of many wrong inipn ssions
imposed upon them.
General Fullerton has requested the
police to arrest all vagrant negroes, and
turn them over to the provost marshal.
Gew. Johnson, of Georgia, requests ti.
President to retain the military in that
State until the- militia arc organized.
Thc last rebel prisoner of war at Elin.: .i
left on Tuesday, and the post is closed.