Newspaper Page Text
Late Crom mexico.
MONTGOMERY, November 5.-A gentle?
man who arrived last Thursday, communi?
cated the following information. This in
confirmatory of the capture of Matamoras
by Cortinas, but tho news from Mexico has
bet?"? ??ogz&igSjSff i? sob
rebanee to be placed in anything from that
unfortunate conn try.
Cortinas' army is now encamped around
the city of Matamoras, possessing full
sway over the region of country laying be?
tween that city and Monterey. Tho Impe?
rial army is strewn along from Monterey to
within a short distance of Matamoras. Both
parties aro within hailing distance of each
other. Quietude to some extent prevails
It is the general belief at Monterey that
the Maximilian Government will bc re?
cognized by the United States immediately
after Congress assembles.
COLUMBIA, NOVEMBER 6, 1865.
The colored citizens of Richland District
are hereby notified that a MASS MEETING
will take place, on WEDNESDAY, 8th inst.,
at half-past 2 o'clock, at the upper Metho?
dist Church, (rear of Capt. A. R, Taylor's
residence;) the object of which is to take
into consideration our representation in thc
State Convention, t > bo hold in Charleston
on the 20th instant.
W. J. THOMAS,
WM. SIMONS, SR.,
P. C. FLUDD,
Nov 7 2? JOHN LEE._
c. CHISOLM. R. c.. rmsoLM. H. L. CHISOLM.
SHIPPING AND GENERAL
PROMPT attention given to tho pur?
chase, sale and shipment of COTTON,
RICE, NAY"AL STORES, LUMBER, COAL,
Ac. Merchandize forwarded to all parts of
the country. Consignment? solicited, on
which liberal advances will be made.
JOHN FRASER A CO., Charleston, S. C.
GEO. W. WILLIAMS k CO., "
WILLIAM BRYCE A CO., New York.
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
ON and after MONDAY
??3jKj^next, the STAGE will leave
\? :*M? '-'-J for Winnsboro at 10 o'clock a.
m. D. T. HARVEY.
Nov 5 5*
THE subscriber lias opened, at the cor?
ner of Gatos and Plain streets, (nearly
opposite the Shiver House,) a new and
select assortment of articles in the above
line, to which ho invites the attention of
house-keepers and others.
In addition to the above, he will in a few
davs open a general assortment of H0USE
Nov 3 5 _ W. IL STANLEY.
A Full and Fine Assortment of
Nov 5_ n
Silver-plated and Britannia Goods !
AT STANLEY'S, (corner Gates and Plain
streets, near Shiver House,) consisting
of CASTORS, CAKE BASKETS, WAITERS,
TEA SETTS. CUPS, FORKS, SOUP LA?
DLES, WATER DIPPERS, CANDLE?
STICKS, Toa, Table and Dessert SPOONS,
Butter Knives, Sugar Shells, ?vc, Double
Plate on White Metal. Warranted.
Nov 7 n
^ A NEAT and comfortable DWELL
wpu[ ING, with six largo rooms, good out
??"'i houses, five aeres land, wood enough
for one or two winters, lj miles from thc
Court House at Greenville, S. C. For cash,
this property will be sold extremely low.
C. J. ELFORD, Attorney,
Nov 5 ?J Greenville, t?. C.
~J. F. MS??MA??,
TUST received, a full assortment of
FANCY GOODS, BLACK CLOTH, C AS
SIMERES, Ac. SUITS made to order in
the latest style ami at the shortest notice.
esn~ Store corner of Lady and Gates sts.
Nov 4 C*
AFLN? assortment of PERFUMERY
and FANCY ARTICLES. Nov 2 ?ti
Tbc District Coarto. .
The Convention, in framing tho now
Constitution, provided, in Section 1, Ar?
ticle TTTj that "the General Assembly
shall, as soon as possible, establish, for
each District in the State, an Inferior
Court or Courts, to be styled the District
Court, the Judge whereof shall be resident
YESAVWI THstvict, A c., -www-b Cwvsi-sbail ba*v
i nristliction of all civil causes wherein one or
Doth the parties are persons of color ; and
of ail criminal cases wherein tho accused
is a person of color ; and the General As?
sembly is empowered to extend the juris?
diction of the said Court to other sub?
This is a new and novel court to be os
tabbsbed, and one of vast importance. Its
organization and jurisdiction should be
most thoroughly considered, in every as?
pect, before adoption of anv rules. Shall
the said court have its jurisdiction, at first,
extended to other subjects than these enu?
merated in tho Constitution ?
It would seem that to adjuicate matters
wherein persons of color are concerned,
would give full occupation to any court, for
a while af least, in their demoralized, and
Boon to bc disorganized, condition. Colle
ton District has 19,000 blacks and but 9,000
whites ; Beaufort, 19,000 blacks and 7,000
whites ; Orangeburg, 10,000 blacks and 13,
000 whites ; Abbevdle, 12,000 blacks and
11,000 whites; Richland, C,000 blacks and
7,000 whites; Marlborough, 6,000 blacks and
5,000 whites, and Chester 6,000 blacks and
7000 whites. Sucli is about the proportion
in the State, and any court will have full
employment to adjudicate all the cases
wherein blacks arc concerned, however
continuous their sessions. But it is diffi
i cult to see how the jurisdiction of this
court can extend to other matters, if it is
i designed to have a less number of jurors
than twelve. Section 7, Article IX, of the
Constitution, provides that "thc trial by
jury, as heretofore used in this State, shall
be forever inviolably preserved'' in all other
cases, except in those of negroes and debts
"small and mean"-every party have tho
right to have his case tried by a jurv ol
twelve of his peers ; and the clause just
cited " inviolably preserves" that right to
any party to a suit who may so demand.
One party or the other to every suit wi.l sc
demand. Better then make the jurisdic?
tion of the District Courts extend only tc
thc adjudication of all causes wherein
blacks are concerned.
f| What part in the trial of a cause shall
tie Judge take? In the trial"of negroes
heretofore, in tins State, a magistrate and
five freeholders constituted thc court
heard the cause in cases of crime, and th?
Court, acting as jurors, including the ma?
gistrate, decided thc case. It was ar
anomalous proceeding. It would seem t<
bo bettor for tho Judge to decide points o
law, admissibility of testimony, constru?
Statute?, sum up before the jury the point:
and testimony made, then leave the jury t<
decide-in a word, take the same part ai
Judges of thc Courts of Common Pleas
and General Sessions do in cases tried bo
fore the Circuit Courts.
Should the Judges of said courts bc al
lowed to practice law in the Superior Court
of the States ? Bf the jurisdiction extend?
only to persons of color, then surely ther
can be no gootl reason to prevent th
Judges of this Court from practicing in th
Supenor Courts ; besides, if prohibited, n
lawyer of any considerable practice wouh
accept the office of Judge of the Distric
Court, unless tho salary is to be highe
than the State ought to pay at this time
and no man should be put in this positioi
except he has made the law his study- th
competency of testimony often trouble
eminent judges. What a farce to have
man not learned in the law to decide point
of law and competency of testimony
Courts of Magistrates and Freeholder
have long been a subject of ridicule wit
the bar. An eminent Judge of this Stat
once said, after hearing an appeal from on
of these courts, on the grounds of admit
ting improper testimony. "Of course th
appeal must be sustained, for a Magis
trates' Court generally decides wrong o
legality of testimony." Volumes have bee
written on the single subject of evidence
and only those who have made the subjei
their dtity can approximate doing justit
as a Judge in deciding on its competency
A new court is to be establiehed, all il
rules and regulations to be arranged an
construed, and its proceedings systemizei
Men educated in the law are indispensah
tor this work, if done efficiently; if not we
?lone, these courts will bc a nuisance to tl:
country, anti mere puppets iii the hands <
To what tribunals shall appeals be takt
from the District Courts ?
The Judges of tho Circuit Courts hai
more to do now than can be accomplisher
The dockets in many Distriets have ni
been cleared for more than ten years,
is a nortorious fact, that in some Distric
persons sued for debt on plain notos <
bonds, and who have no real defence, lia1?
appearances entered, and pleas put in, f
that the case can get on the issue dock?
where they are not reached for adjudic
tion for years. This delay of justice pr
vents many creditors from trying to colle
their debts by law. If appeals are to l
taken to the Circuit Courts from this coin
tho whole week allowed for a te. ni won
hardly .suffice to bear the appeals in son
Districts, especially if others than lawye
aro to bi? Judges-for no case of inion
tance would stop short of the appella
jurisdiction, where the bar has a coiitem
for thc legal knowledge of thu prcsidil
Judge; besides, th?! cases could lind th?
way up to the Courts of Appeals any wa
It is deemed best, therefore, to mako tl
last court the appellate jurisdiction in tl
first instance. That Court certainly h
more time to consider appeals than tl
Circuit Judges-anti fewer appeals won
be taken, owing to thc distance and e
How should proceedings as to prosee
tions and defences be arranged in sa
Court for crimes'.' and what should be t
whole machinery of the Court?
The State will be compelled to have
prosecuting attorney, for crimes, in ea
ol tile District Courts; this is inevilab
Some form of indictment must be usc
and the evidence drawn out by some Ol
or crime will go unpunished, 'i'he accus
employs an attorney, who uses all his i
genuity in defending. Unless the State
; similarly represented, she will stand but
I poor chance to punish and prevent crinii
j Then, again, what is to become of negri
i charged with crimes, who are too poor a
I worthless to employ counsel for their ?
fence? To every individual of this class
conned cannot bc asaigned2 as in thc
higher courts, for it would in many Dis?
tricts keep employed all the bar." The
State must provide counsel for these also,
if they are to have a full hearing before
tbe courts. These courts, too, must nave
clerke-say the Clerks of the Superior
Courts, ???ll act- ax Osaka tvtti?* ^ >"V
Courts-it would suit well. They havo
offices amply large to preserve thc proceed?
ings, and keep them properly arranged
are familiar with making up dockets and
kecDing minutes of the courts, drawing
and" arranging juries, Ac. Tbc sherill,
too, should be the same who is Sheriff of
the Circuit Court, and should keep similar
books for cases of a similar nature as those
kept for the higher courts. They, too.
have offices and plenty of timo to" do all
the duties required, cither themselves or by
their deputies. These officers would have
to have p*v for their services provided for
otherwise iban by costs, fines and fees
for in mos: cases parties in this court would
never pay anything-being vagabonds.
Thon, what number of jurors should con
s t it uto a panel to try a case?
In the Magistrate's Court for thc trial of
negroes, heretofore, five jurors and the
magistrate made up the court; and in ar?
ranging the District Court, it is supposed
that six jurors for the trial of a cause will
be sufficient; have twenty-four jurors sum?
moned for a term; two juries empanelled,
of six each; allow a limited challenge, and
let thc majority of a panel render the ver?
dict, which is only signed by the foreman,
as in the Circuit Courts. A "larger number
of jurors would make it very expensive to
the State, and exceedingly onerous on the
people who have to act on a court which
must sit so often.
All of these ofiicers of tho court-judges,
clerks, sheriffs, jurors and attorneys, for
prosecuting crimes and defending ac?
cused-must bo paid by the State, and
finoR and forfeitures and costs paid into
her treasury, when collected. Negroes' in?
terests in crops could bc forfeited by the
court to pay fines and costs, and the sheriff
could attend to receiving from employers
the same, and sell as under executions.
This and what amount could be collected
otherwise, would, to some extent, reim?
burse the State Treasury.
How often, and at what times, should
the District Court sit?
It would seem that four terms each year,
quarterly, to sit at each term until the bu?
siness prepared is completed, would be
sufficient. Let the judge in each District
fix tho times for the regular terms as ho
mav think best, in order not to conflict
with the Superior Courts, or embarrass the
ofiicers of both. The judge could, also,"
call extra sessions, if, in his opinion, it
became, at any time, necessary. In civil
courts, writs to be sued ont to ono term
and served ten days before, and the cause
heard at the next, or continued, for good
cause shown. Six of the twenty-four jurors
summoned, and not impannelod, might act
as general jurors, at each term, clothed
with the same duties as those for the Su?
perior Courts. All applications for bail, in
capital charges, against negroes, be beard
by tho judges; in other cases, by the ma?
gistrates, as usual, who should act, in oases
of negroes, for the Distriet Court, as they
now do for the Circuit Courts. Tho clerk
should bo ex officio commissioner of bail, in
civil cases, for said court, with similar
powers as now for tho Circuit Court. In a
word, all tho practice of said court should
conform, as nearly as possible, to that of
the Court of Common Pleas-the officers
of said court having, as to negroes, similar
jurisdiction and powers as the ofiicers of
tho Court of Common ricas and General
Sessions have over citizens.
It is further suggested, that tho pay of
tho judge and other officers of the District
Court should not be uniform in every Dis?
trict in the State, but should be graduated
according to the number of negroes in each
District-according to tho work likely to be
required; for instance, Diekens has but
2,500 negroes, while Collcton lias 19,000-of
course, the judge for Pickens should not
be paid as much as the one for Collcton;
Lexington bas It,700, while Marlborough
has 6,000-there could be no justice in
paying the local judges of said Districts
equal sums, while the one has but little
moro than half thc persons within his ju?
risdiction than the other. Say, pay judges
in Districts of over 10,000 negroes, twelve
hundred dollars; of from 7 to 10,000, ono
thousand dollars; 4 to 7,000, eight hundred
I dollars, and of under 4,000, six hundred
! dollars-graduate other ofiicers in same
Thus it will bo perceived that tho plan
here sketched proposes to conform tho
proceedings of these courts, as near as
possible, to those of the Circuit Courts. If
any thing like thia should bo adopted, it
would be a source of considerable expense
to the State. Dut where a court, having
exclusive original jurisdiction over nearly
half of the inhabitants of the State, now
turned loose in almost a state of barba?
rism, is to be organized, and their only
restraint, expense must bc incurred for tho
safet y of our people. Ltd us md dwarf it
to tiie level of a Magistrates' ?ni Free?
holders' Court, which in many Districts did
not adjudicate; a dozen cases in a year
i against slaves, their owners generally set?
tling difficulties without the farce of such a
court, Dcsides, it must not bo. forgotten
that this court will also have jurisdiction
over citizens in cases whore negroes are
parties, by the terms ot thc Constitution,
and should have the right and privilege of
being tried by courts of chai acter, and
where they can obtain adjudication of
their rights according to law, from the tes?
timony brought out according to the law of
evidence, (rive us, then, courts which will
conduct business according to law ; courts
which will command respect, and not such
abortions as those Military Provost Courts
which wo have just had, whore rn? laws or
precedents were respected as to the ad?
missibility of testimony and cases involv
. inc thousands decided with swift bast.
A LARGE LOT OF
ST. M ABCEAXfX & CO.'S
JUST RECEIVED at
Nov 5 3 CALNAN* A KREUDF.R'S.
?FORMERJ, Y FOOT ii S?LZBACHER,)
WHOLESALE and RETAIL
BEG to inform tho citizen? of Columbia
and the people of the neighboring
country, that they arc now receiving, and
have received, a great variety of
Of all descriptions, suitable to all seasons
and all manner of persons. They have,
among many other articles, fresh supplies
of thu following:
COFFEE, TEAS, (Green and Black.)
SUGAR, (white and brown.)
MOLASSES, (New Orleans.)
CANDLES, Sperm. Tallow and Adam'tine.
Crackers, Wine. Soda, Sugar, Boston.
Brazil, Walnut and other Nuts.
S> ans, Toilet, Castile. Fancy. Common.
With every variety of Grocery.
Copperas, Soda, Blue Stone, Ac.
Spices-Cloves, Cinnamon, Allspice, Gin?
ger, Nutmegs, Ac.
Shoe Blacking, Brushes, Curry Combs.
Horse Brushes, Ac.
Knives pud Forks, Matches.
TOBACCO ANO CIGARS*
Best SMOKING and CHEW'G TOBACCO.
Spanish and American CIGARS.
Of Tobacco for chewing, the best Ander?
son's, Solace and Honey Dew; all varieties.
A fine variety, to which the attention of
thc ladies is particularly requested. We
have a tine assortment of
Bleached and Brown HOMESPUN.
MOUSSELIN DES LAI NFS.
English and American PRINTS.
Cambric, twilled and plain.
Hoop skirts, Corsets, Longcloth.
Calicoes. Worsteds. Coburg. Ac, suitable
for fall and winter.
Alpacas, black and colored.
Combs and Brushes, Tooth Brushes.
Perfumes of e.verv variety.
Chalk Pearl Powder.
Ladies'Shoes. Bootees and Ties of all de?
scriptions and the latest fashions.
Tuck Combs, Hair Nets, Waterfalls-all
of the very last styles and patterns.
Collars, Wristbands. Ribbons.
Hosicrv of all descriptions.
English and Amencnn Gloves of th
Hem-stitched Handkerchiefs, Thimbles.
Needles, Thread, spool, silk and cotton.
Hooks and Eyes, A oils.
Ladies' Billot and Letter Paper, ruled.
Skirt Braid of all colors.
Belts and Belt Buckles and Ribbons.
Pearl and other Buttons, fancy,dress and
Hair Pins, wire and gutta percha.
Misses' and Children's Shoes.
Round Combs, Wadding, Table-cloths.
Ginghams, Lace and Trimmings.
Working Cot ton, Velvet Ribbon, Elastic do.
G-entlemen?s IT ariet's.
Coats, (dress ? lid frock.) Pants, Vests.
Shirts of all descriptions, over and under.
Flannel and Fancy Shirts.
Drawers, lamb's wool and cotton.
Hats, Stockings, Socks, Gloves-a great
Collars, linen and paper.
Wristbands, Playing Cards.
Fine Tooth and Pocket Combs.
Buttons, for coat, pants, vests: Buckles
for do.; Tooth Brushes.
Boots and Shoes ol' all styles and the
Pocket and Neck Handkerchiefs, silk and
cotton; Neck-tics of th.- latest atvles.
Fancy Pipes -American Meerschaum.
Pocket Handkerchiefs, linen, silk and
cotton: Hats; Pen and Bocke". Knives.
Razors and Razor Strops.
Suspenders of all styles.
Tobacco, bri nra and English style.
Shirt Bosoms, Boy's Shoes.
Be.-t Kerosene oil. Watch Keys, Taylor's
Twist, Class rhino des, best Ed., Gun Caps,
Tobacco Bags, Shoe Laces, Slate Pencils,
Umbrellas, Children's Gloves and Hose,
Violin and Guitar Strings, Letter Paper and
Envelopes and a vast variety ol' other arti?
cles, desirable to boto sexes, which wi- have
not thc space to ( numerate. Apply at the
old stand, in Assembly street, to .
Sept il SULZB \CHER A CO.
rpIIE highes! prices paid for COTTON and
X for all kinds of COUNTRY PRODUCE.
Farmers and country merchants will lind it
to their advantage to call and see.
Sept ll SULZBACHER A CO.
By Durbec & Walter.
THIS DAY, (Wednesday,) November 8,
wc will sell, at our store, at 9J o'clock.
The following articles:
Bureans, Chair?, Tablas, Benches, Bed
-Si-s.'H ff?s5c2S>?: y-.'aau?u, C>.9vrXvry-, ?-.\r.?.r
ware, Groceries, Clothing, Jewelry, Ac.
A good Milch Cow and Calf.
1 hne Revolver and an Iron Safe.
Handsome Furniture. Crocker g, <?c.
BY JAMES G. GIBBFS.
C. F. HARRISON, AUCTIONEER.
WILL bc sold, THIS (Wednesday) MORN?
ING, November 8. at 10 o'clock, at thc
residence in Assembly street, two doors
A variety of handsome HOUSEHOLD
FURNITURE, consistmg in part of :
Mahogany Sofas, Divans.
Spring-seat Chairs, Marble-top Tables.
Handsome Mirror, Etegere.
Velvet Rockers, French Vases.
Marble-top Bureaus and Washstands.
Mahogany Wardrobe, Gilt-edgod China.
Books, Kitchen Furniture, Ac. Nov 8 2
/loises and Mules at Public Sktle.
By Jacob Levin, Auctioneer.
THIS (WEDNESDAY) MORNING, Novem?
ber 8, at 10 o'clock, at thc College Cam?
pus, by order of Edgai McMullen, Assis?
tant Treasurv Agent U. s. Government,
I will sell,
A large and desirable collection ot
HORSES and MULES.
Farmers and others desiring to replenish
their stock, will have an opportunity to do
so, as the sale will bc without reserve.
Terms cash. Nov 8
Furniture, Crockery, Cooking Utensils, dc
By JAMES G. GIBBES.
C. F. HARRISON, AUCTXONEEH.
WILL bo sold, at thc corner of Senate and
Marion streets, (due notice of the time
of sale will be given.)
A largo variety of HOUSEHOLD FUR?
NITURE, of all kinds, consisting of:
Parlor, Dining Room and Chamber Fur?
Crockery, French China and Glassware.
Cooking Stove, with Fixtures complete.
1 Milch Cow.
Conditions cash. Articles to be removed
day of sale. ALSO,
The unexpired lease of HOUSE to thc
1st June, 180(5.
The whole can be treated for at private
sale previous to day of sale. Nov 8
J RACE GINGER, ALLSPICE.
CLOVES and NUTMEGS.
Cans FRUIT-Peaches and Pears.
Cans LOBSTERS, one and two pounds.
Castile and Colgate's Pale and Brown
Cases tine Old Sherry. Port and Madeira
STAR GIN-a superior article.
ST. DOMINGO BITTERS, th-eek'orated
tonic. -Just received and for sale bv
SPECK A POLLOCK.
Plain street, 2d door from Assembly.
Watchmaker and Jeweller,
BEGS leave respectfully t<> inform
bis old friends and customers, and
p^ ./^the public generally, that he is now
prepared to rcpaii
WATCHED AND JEWELRY
Of every description, at the shortest nolie,
and on the most reasonable terms.
Apply at his residence-up-stairs-As?
sembly" street. West side, one door from
?.-)- All orders left at thc store of MEL?
VIN M. COHEN will receive tin: prompte.-;
attention. .J"*?^ ;> lm"
T. W. Radcliffe,
( Formerly ut the Corner of Hi In ni.
/'loin Streets: nom at the Comer
dicton and Assembly streets -his d:
OFFERS every article in his line,
WATCHES. JEWELRY, ol'N'S, PIS?
TOLS. POWDER, SHOT. CAPS. CAR?
TRIDGES for Smith's and Wesson's Pis?
tols; KNIVES, FORKS, SPOONS; Spectacles
- to snit all ages; Gold Pens- the best
assortment .vcr brought to this place;
! Fishing Tackle, new and fresh selected by
myself'; Hair and Tooth Brushes, Combs.
Walking Canes and every ".bing usually
kept in our linc of business.
1 ? ill abo receive from abroad every arti?
cle of MERCHANDIZE that may be con?
signed to me, f >r w hieb 1 wiil make no ?nthly
or quarterly returns.- soliciting a whare ol
Watches and clocks carefully repaired by
experienced workmen. Jewelry repaired.
Kings made to order. Engraving neatly
The highest rates paid for old Gold and
Silver, am! all of thc above goods named
will be sold at the lowest prie s. N'ov?
GENERAL COMMISSION MEM,
1> B. GLASS has established, in connec
. lion with tin- Book and Stationery
biisini ss, a general COMMISSION AGENCY
for the purchase and sale of Merchandizi
of evcrv description, Bonds, Stocks, Real
Careful attention give-., to ail business
entrusted to him.
Office, ai present, on Plain street, near
Niekerson's Hotel. Nov l