Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, HOT. 9, 1865.
Tko PMltlen of Jo?th Carolin?. ..."
Tao message of Governor Parry, trans?
mitted to the Legislature on Tuesday, has
created some interest among tho people,
and gare rise to some debate in the House
of Representatives in tho Legislature.
The despatches from President Johnson,
and that from Secretary Seward, would on
their face imply that the Administration at
Washington was demanding exactions as
conciliatory measures, which could not bo
reasonably complied with by th? Legisla?
ture of South Carolina.
It will be observed that iu th? despatches
of President Johnson, ha confines himself
principally, to sn urgent appeal through
the Governor, to the Legislature, to adop'
the amendment to the Constitution of the
United States abolishing slavery. The
Constitutional amendment referred to is in
"Neither slavery nor involuntary servi?
tude, except as a* punishment for ennis,
whereof the party shall have been duly
convicted, shall exist within the limits of
the United States, or any place subject to
"SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to
enmsce thia article by appropriate legisla?
tion.." Approved February 1. 1865.
The adoption of this amendment by the
Legislature is a mere matter of form. Thc
Convention, in the new Constitution, has
made, almost in the same words, tho
amendment thc organic law of the State.
The eleventh section o? the ninth article of
thc State Constitution reads as follows:
"The slaves hi South Carolina having
been emancipated by the action of tho j
United States- authorities, neither slavery
or involuntary servitude, except as punish?
ment for crime whereof the party shall
have been convicted, shall ever bo re-es?
tablished in this State." Thc Convention
having adopted the very words of the first
section of the Amendment to the Consti?
tution of the United States, the Legisla
tos?, will have so hesitation in confining
it, anet in due form technically adopt the
--Amendment- As regards the second sec
ieaa. ffire plain construction of the language,
and the interpretation of it as heretofore
enunciated by the Executive at Washing?
ton, Governor Perry very clearly sets forth
in bis message, and his suggestion in re?
lation to placing on record this interpreta?
tion, is well timed and judicious, and will
so doubt meet the approval of thc Legis?
TZbe more serious question, if it is made
s condition precedent to the restoration of
(the State to her rightful position in thc
Federal Union, is that connected with tho
ultimate payment of any debt contracted
by the State to aid in carrying on the late
war. The State is in no way liable for any
portion of the Confederate war debt proper;
an)' obligations she may have incurred, for
?xlraordinary expinses incurred during tho
war, and incident thereto, "are to her own
citizens; and the funds raised and expend?
ed, except alone for military defences,
or the distribution of subsistence to the
needy ?ind destitute." Her whole debt is
not large, and, as Governor Perry has in?
formed tho authorities at Washington, was
created by carrying on State improvements
anterior to the war. We think that, on
this point, there will be no serious obstacle
to the State asserting her ri;;ht. and to her
claim being acknowledged, in her honest
purpose to become a loyal State of the
In conclusion, we have no hesitation in
declaring, that the people of South Caro?
lina have done their whole duty, in their
efforts to restore their former relations
with the Federal Government and the
other States of the Union. No State has
acted more promptly, and w ar.- sure none
more honestly, than sh-- bas done. As to
her fidelity, in iiie support of President
Johnson's policy of lest oratio;:, th' follow?
ing resolution, unanimously adopted, we
believe, by the Convention, is tin strongest
evidence and the best guarantee:
"?Resolved, By the delegates of the pcopk<
of South Carolina, in convention assem?
bled, that wc endorse tile administration of
President Johnson: that we cordially ap
?>rove the mode of pacification proposed
>y bim, and that we will co-operate with
him in thc wise measures he has inaugu?
rated for securing peace and prosperity xor
the whole Union.'"
The people of South Carolinaare a proud
people, and will honestly and faithfully
comply with any and every obligation they
may assume. Thc faith of the stat;-. as
we have once said, they guard as they
would virgin purity, and, therefore, tho
above solemn r. solution is tho best guar?
anty to President Johnson, of their honesty
of pur-pose, and of their future fidelity to
all thc measures, clearly legitimate to the
purpose and end, which he has suggested
and inaugurated for the reconstruction of
the United States au a Bepnblicau Govern?
ment. Thus far, we repeal, South Carolina
bas done her whole duty. An abiding
faith in thc honesty and truthfulness, war?
rants us in pledging their fidelity for the
Sentit Carolin* Cenfmac?.
Tliis body which has been ia *essi< << at
Charlotte, N. C.. adjooraed i Mondar lift,
Tlie next Conference meet? at Marion C.
The following is th? list of appointments
for the ??auing year : *
CHARLESTON DISTRICT-F. A. MOOD, F. E.
Charleston-Trinity, ? J Meynardie;
Cumberland, to be supplied; Bethel, J T.
Wightman; Spring Street. W. A. H?m
Cooper Rivor-Geo W Byrd ; Summer?
ville. J L Stoudemire; Waltcrboro, M L
Banks ; Black Swamp, Abraham Nettles;
HardoeviUe, J W Coward.
BLACKVILLE DISTRICT-Tuoa. RAYSOB, P. E.
Blackville-J W Coburn; Bamberg^ Chas
Wilson ; St. Bartholomew. Alex B Stevens ;
J J Snow ; Allendale, J W McRoy ; Prince
Williams, to be supplied. Barnwell, A W
Walker ; Silverton Misi?n, to be supplied.
Granitev?le "Mission, ""J R Pickett ; Aiken,
A J Stokes.
OBANOEBTJRO DIST-A. M. CBETTZBERO, P. E.
Orangeburg-J L Sifley; Upper Orange, L
M Little; Eastern Orange, J D W Crook;
Providence, J S Connor ; St. Matthew, Wm
Hutto; Fort Motte Mission, to bo nnpnlied.
St. George's, John A Mood ; Edisto," W G
Connor. R B Tarrant ; Lexington, W Car?
son, J K Tucker ; Edisto Fork, te ba sup?
MARION DISTRICT-JOHN A. POUTER, F. E.
Marion, R J Boyd, Thos Mitchell; Marion
Circuit, Simpson* Johcs, T W Mnnnerlvn;
Buck Swamp, D W Seal; Brownsville, M A
McKibbcn; Liberty Chapel, J B Campbell;
Kingstrec Circuit ?nd Mission, Oliver Eady;
Darlington, W A Gamewell; Dallington Cir?
cuit, L M Hamer, J W Miller; Black River,
J C Stell; Georgetown and S&mpit Mission,
J W Murray; A Erwin, (sup;) Conwayboro,
DJJ McMilhan; Conwayboro Circnit, George
H Wells, J B Platt; Waccamaw Mission,
Cor.rjiBiA DISTRICT-C. H. PRITCHASD, P. E.
Columbia-Washington Street, W T Ca
?ers. Marion Street. E G Gage; Camden,
' J Clyde; Wateree Mission, J L Shnford;
Chester, Samuel Leard: Sandy River, E A
Lemniond; Wiunsboro, i. G Stacy; Fair?
field, A J Cauthen; Columbia Circuit, H J
Morgan; Richland Fork Mission, M Brown;
Rocky Mount, R P Franks; BishopviUe, P
F Kistler; Sumter, D J Simmons; Sumter
Cirouit, Chas Taylor, S J Hill; Manning, W
W Mood; Santoe, Hugh A C Walker; J W
Wightman; Upper Santee, to be supplied;
Chaplain to Lunatic Asylum, Wm Martin.
COKESHURY DISTRICT-S. H. BROWNE, P. E.
Cokesburj Circnit, Wm P Mouzon, S B
Jones; Abbeville, T G Herbert, C Thoma
8on, J E Perrv; Ninety-Six, A L Smith;
Upper Saluda River Mission, W H Lawton;
Mapleton, T S Daniel, J Attaway; Edgefield,
J A Clark; Butler, P L Herman; Newberry,
J W Humbert; Newberry Circuit, J H Zim?
merman, J B Traywick; Laurens, Wm A
McSwain; J R Little, A W Moore- Reedy
River, F Auld; Pickens, J H C McKinney;
Anderson, G F Round: Anderson Circuit, W
A Hodges; Pendleton, T H Edwards; Mt
Zion, J M Carlisle; Cokeshury School, to bo
WADESBORO DISTRICT-F. M. KENNEDY, P. E.
Wadesboro Circnit, E W Thompson, J
C Hartscll, H C Parsons, (sup;) Anson
ville, T A Boone; Lanes Creek, Landy
Wood; Albemarle, J W Puett; Concord, J
T Kilgo, W S Haltum; Monroe, A J Staf?
ford; Munroe Circuit, L Scarborough;
Pleasant Grove, W W Jones; Lancaster, J
W Crider; Hanging Rock, F M Morgan, G
M W Creighton; Chcraw, M C Davis, R R
Pegues; Chesterfield, E J Pennington; Ben
nettsville, T R Walsh, A McCorquodale, W
L Pogues. -
SHELBY DISTRICT-J. W. NORTH, P. ET
Shelby-AP Avant; South Mountain, to
bo supplied; Lincolntou, S Landor; Lincoln
ton Circuit, John Finger; Dallas, J C Ran?
dall; Yorkville, L A Johnson: Y'ork Circuit
and Mission, M A Connollv; Rock Hill, J M
Cline; Pineville, James s'tacv, A N Wells;
Charlotte, W C Power, C E Land; Char?
lotte Circuit, B G Jones, J W Abernathy;
Newton. J P Hughes, J S Nelson, (sup.";)
Happy Home, R R Bagnall; South Fork,
John "Watts; Lenoir. G W Ivey; Yadkin
Mission, J C Crisp, one to be supplied;
Mor gan ton, P G Bowman; Burke Mission,
to be supplied; Davenport Female College,
J A Webber,
i SP.YRTANBURG DIST.-W. IL FLEMING, P. E.
Snartanhurg-Whitefoord Smith; Spar
I tanburg Circuit, JB Massabcau; Rich Kill,
j Y A Sharp; UnionvUle, O A Darby. C
i Murchison, (sup:) Cane Creek, J W Kelly;
Bcdmont, J S Ervin; Fair Fei est, N K Mtl
! ton; Goshen Hill, Henry M Mood: Pacolef,
j J Emory Watson; Greenville, W S Black;
I B B Allston, (sup;) Greenville Circuit, RC
? Oliver. A ii Lester, (sup:) Reidviile, W
i Bowman; Columbus, John A Wood: Pick
i ensville, J J Workman: Keowee, D D Byars;
i Rutherford, D May, Jas PDcPass; McDow
? ell, J D Carpenter.
I LIBERAL BEQUESTS.-We seo it stated that
! Lr. John Green, of Worcester, Mass., has
j bequeathed to tiiat city 12,000 valuable
j 1? mks which will tdrm thc foundation for
i the Green Library; $30,000 as a permanent
i fund for the support and improvement o:
? thc same, which will bc increased i?.oot) by
! a fund of that amount, bequeathed as a life
; legacy to sundry parties, and eventually hy
j tin addition of various sums, that will
make thc whole amount to $100,000. Part
of the estate of tho deceased is in South
I Carolina, and the value of his entire pro
I perty is estimated at $175.000. If we are
j not mistaken, Dr. John was thc brother ot
I Dr. Frederick Green, so long a resident ol
? THE CATTLE PLAGUE IN ENGLAND.-Thc
j United States Consul at Manchester, Eng?
land, writing to tho State Department
[under date of October 17, reports that
j as yet there is no abatement of the plague
i among the cattle, which is mainh confined
to horned cattle; but it has in'a few in?
stalles broken out with "real violence in
Hocks of sheep. As there is danger that
tlit disease may be transmitted to America,
he suhlst* that the importation of foreign
stock be for tlu' present prohibited. By
the importation ot hides from Russia the
disease is by many supposed to have boen
I introduced into England.
! Legislature South Carolina.
Tn??d?j, Vomubir 7, IMS.
j Tho Senatei mot at 12 m. Tha Oler* r??d
?be journal o? tue proceedings of yesterday.
Sundry papers wero recoired from the !
Message No. 4, front hi? Excellency the
Provisional Governor, wan communicated
to the Senate, and was ordered to be print
.dr and to be made the special order of the ?
day for to-morrow, at 1 p. m.
Mesara. Bullivan, Kershaw, Thomson,
Johnson and Davant submitted reports of
committees; which wore consideran.
A bill to establish and regulato the do?
mestic relations of persons of color, and to
! amend thc law in rulation to paupers, va?
grancy and bastardy, was considered,
amen ded. and made ?lie special order of
the day for to-morrow, at 12 m.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Clerk called the roll, tho Speaker
took the Chair, and the House proceeded i
Mr. DePasa presented the return of com?
missioners of free schools for Kershaw
District, for 1&55.
Mr. Moore introduced a resolution, winch
was agreed to, that it be referred to thc
Committee on Incorporations to inquire as
to the propriety of renewing the charter of
incorporation of thc town of Lancaster, to?
gether with thc amendments to said charter
heretofore enacted, ami that said com?
mittee report by bill or otherwise.
Mr. Black introduced a resolution, which
was agreed to, that it be referred to the
Committee of Ways and Means to ascertain
what providion, if any, has been made ey
tho South Carolina Railroad Company to
meet thc payment of the $2,000,1)00 of'her
indebtedness falling due in January, 13li<5,
for which the faith and credit of the State
is plcdgod, and that the committee report
by bill or otherwise.
Mr. J. S. Richardson, jr., introduced it
bill to establish a homestead law; and, also,
a bill to amend the law known as the stay
law; which were read.
Messrs. Hntsou, Elliott and GarRngtoii
submitted reports of committees:.
Message No. 4 was then received from his
Excellency Benjamin F. Perry, Provisional
Governor, and was read by his Private
Seeretarv, Wm. H. Perry.
Mr. Mullins, from tho Committee on
Federal Relations, tnade a report on reso?
lutions relating to thc restoration of the i
State to her Constitutional status; which
was debated, and made the special order of
the day for to-morrow, at 1 o clock.
European Sf cw*.
It is very much to i><* regretted that thc
American Government, having successfully
brought to conclusion the great war in
which it has boen engaged, and having
decided on a policy in regard to tho South
full of magnanimity and conciliation, and
calculated, if anything can, to beal the
wounds left behind it by tho late fearful
struggle, should not have bttried the
hatchet altogether. On her Wost, the
great Republic in still engaged in a fearful
conflict with the Indians, and on tile East
her Minister is directed to stir up fresh
elements of strife, and revive controver?
sies which it can serve no good purpose to
renew. Opinion has been divided in this
country on the merits of the American
quarrel; hut we aro all unanimous in wish?
ing every success to the new order of
things, and tn desiring to see the United
States, since they are to form a single con?
federacy, linked together in thc bonds of
sincere friendship and good will among
each other, and living on the best of terms
with the remainder of the world. Had
this country been actuated by a hundredth
part of tho animosity of which American
papers continually acense her, she would
nave taken a very different course from
that which she has adopted.
We regret exceedingly that the Govern?
ment of America has thought tit to bring
forward these claims, hu: we think there
cannot be for a moment a doubt as to the
answer they should receive. To yield to
such demands would be to faddle neutrals
in all future wars with new and undefined
liabilities, against which no prudence and
n:> good intentions caa guarantee them.
If such demands as these are to be the
ordinary results of the conclusion of a war
between two powerful States, it will pro?
bably be thought better by those against
whom they arest?n- to he made, rather to
take kjides at once, and ally themselves to
one party or the other, than t.> place them?
selves in a situation so humiliating as that
which a neutral would henceforth till.
We cannot, of course, tell in what spirit
the Government of tho United States is
disposed to receive the final and deliberate
refusal of the British Government to enter?
tain in auv shape the claims they put for?
ward. Wo cac only say, or. our part, that
we are (piite sur.- our Government may
depend upon the support of thc; nation in
maintaining the position ii has taken up.
If the American Govornm :-nt is d< tcrmincd
to'seek a quarrel with us, as well this de?
mand as any other. Wc c;?u lot have one
on which our right is clearer and our posi?
tion more unquestionable. If it is not. wc
shall have saved ourselves, by thc firm
stand wo are ::<MT making, from a great
degradation, and vindicated ?br tin- benefit
of all mankind that neutral position so
I seldom occupied by Great Bratain in the
wars of tho ;>a-<t, and so often, we truat, to
bo her> in the wars of the future.
[London Times, ISM.
TH r. CHOLERA -OVEE TWO HUNDRED DEATHS
IN TAR IS IX ON H DAY.
The following list of fatal cholera casen
include, not Paris alone, but the winde of
the department of thc Seine:
October 0. 75 October ii. 175
October 7.SI October Pi .212
October 8 .103 October 13.185
October B .158 I October 14.210
October ll).169 Octet., r 15.205
The authorii.es continue to ignore the
existence of tie-disease, and arc doing all
they can to get up a panic by their insane
course. Unless tiny speedily turnover a
new leaf, we may expect a general emigra?
tion from Paris like that winch took place
from Madrid, whence not less than 00,000
persons are said to have fled in two days
time. Meanwhile, the papers are (hung a
good deal of mischief Ly publishing a
quantityjof anti-cholera nostrums -most of
which are conflicting, and not one of which
is founded on experience. Aoearste figures
?rc what thc public wants, and if those aro
not granted, we may look forward to a
panic not unattended with popular commo?
tion;. 1= the nesssss?asr tl ih? ??E-? des
Deux Monden, just published, M. Eugene
Forcado notice? that tho public appear to
pay more attention to th* epidemic thia
year than they did in 1847 ana 1834, when
It was tar moro fatal than it appears likely
i to be now. This he very rightly ascribes
j to the fact that, in both the yearn in ques
i tion. thc Parisians had other things to
j think about. There were frequent emente*
in 1849, and in 18?4 the only topic ot para
! mount interest was the Crimean war. M.
Foreade goes in for rational quarantine,
?nd experience is entirely in favor of that
view. At Marseilles and Toulon, on Fri?
day, the mortality froi? cholera, which on
tho previous day was only seven and three,
had risen to fourteen and eleven. It is
said-but I don't know with what truth -
that tho existence of the cholera in Paris
was the cause of tho abrupt and unexpect?
ed departure of tho King and Queen of
Ia the centre of Paris, tho patients ru
received in the hospitals do not come from
any special quarter. The Hotel Dieu con?
tains thc greatest number. The worst
'< d-iys were Monday, Tuesday ?nd Wednes
I day last. On Thursday, there was an im
? provemeat, and on Friday, there was a
j marked tendency to abatement. As to
j what takes place outside tho hospitals, our
j data are very vague, and in the absence
j of official figures, which are not commuai
I catcd by the administration, we can only
: make conjectures. Our suppositions con
j linn the opinion which we have before ex
? pressed, that the present epidemic is not i
j propagated with the fatal explosions of ?
j 1833 and 1S4?), but presents more analogy !
I with tho malady or 1853-'54, which w.is
I characterized by the slowness of its at
j tacks.- Union Madieale.
I PANIC IN MADRID-PUOMINENT rERSONS |
STRirc^ DOWN HY THE DISHEASE -MOV.TALI
! TY ix Tun CONVENTS.
A solemn mass is to be celebrated to-day
I at the Church of Santa Mario do Almndena,
i to implore deliverance from the present
! terribie; visitation of cholera in this city,
i The epidemic has made manv victims
j among the highest circles in Madrid.
The Marquis of Alcaniees and Senor
? Victor Min/.auo, a Spanish painter of some
I celebrity, died yesterday. Senor Gutier?
rez Vega has been attacked. The panic
among the population has been very great,
and people aro leaving tho eirv iii large
numbers. At tho Southern ami Northern
railway stations it has been necessary to
post strong detachments of the civil guard
to preserve order among the departing
multitudes. Many oven often got into th*
carriages without tiokecs, in the fear that
they might lose tho train. On Saturday
and Sunday last, the mortality was very
i large, amounting to several hundreds.
The sanitary authorities and charitable as?
sociations aro very active in taking ail
I possible measures of prevention and euro.
I and in relieving the distress among the
: poorer classes. Cor. TsOtnIon Eres*.
John Mitchell, Esq., arrived in Richmond
Tuesday evening. Toe Enquirer says :
"Mr. M. is looking somewhat thin, and
is apparently much troubled by a hacking
\ cough, but otherwise hi? health" and spirits
I are good. Ho states that before leaving
j tho fort ho was permitted to bid adieu to
j Mr. Jefferson Davis and Mr. C. Clay.
These gentlemen are in comparative good
health, and bear up bravely under their or?
deal. Mr. Davis is ever tho courteous an cl
dignified gentleman he was always found
to be, and he and Mr. Clav have "extorted
tile admiration of all the officers and soldi?
ers who come in contact with them. Mr.
Clay .has made every effort to secure a
trial, oven declaring his willingness to be
brought before a Militan.' Commission,
rather than endure l.mger imprisonment
with the hope of some future trial by jury.
" Mr. Mitchell will remain, for the pre?
sent, with his family, at their residence on
; Fifth and Canal streets."
From Rio Janeiro, by the arrival of the
bark Traveler, our dates are to the 15th of
September. The Brazilians were in ecsta
cies over their recent victories, and the
city was illuminated several nights in suc?
cession. Tho news of tho utter rout of
the Paraguayan army was confirmed, and
the allies at last accounts were following
np their successes by an invasion of the
Paraguayan country. Resistance was ex?
pected, fis the retreating forces Were forti?
ANDREW JOHNSON AND GEN. MCCIXLAN.
Tho statements of the Washington corros
! pondent of the Cincinnati Enquirer to the
effect that Gen. McClellan is returning
from Europe at the request of President
Johnson, and that ho is likely to be called
into the Cabinet on its re-organization,
! will attract attention. Ex-Postmaster
' General Blair declares that Mr. Lincoln
[ and (ii n. Cram always had confidence in
j McClellan.-Wlieeling Register.
A fisherman recently caught, oil' the
: Massachusetts coast, a" codfish having in
j its stomach a pair of spectacles. Owing
i to tiie effect of tho salt water on the brass
frames, it was impossible to ascertain
ch ally whether thc initials were those of
I Jonah or not.
j Accounts from the largo negro sottl?
\ ruents at Washington and Fortress Monroe
i state that the nickaiiinies are dying off
very rapidly. The parents seem to be in
It is said tli.it "waterfalls'' aro prohibited
? by tho English game laws. Tile clause
\ which applies to them runs as follows:
'.Notting the hare shall be punished by line
j and imprisonment," otc.
j Grain that has bron injured and become
I musty, tmle.-s its gluten is destroyed, may
: bo restored to nearly its original swe MUSS
: by pouring boiling "water over it and per
; niitting it to stand till eool.
It appears from the report of Adintant
I General Thomas that the State of Missis
. sippi furnished to tho Federal army, by
1 recruitments, 79,000 negroes, and 1,000
j whites to command them.
I A Council bluff (Iowa) journal reports
j that the Indians arc again in the warpath,
j attacking trains, cutting telegraph wires
j and committing deviltries generally.
Gen. R. E. Le? io said t.. have a contract
for tho publication of his history of the
I war, with a publisher of New York.
All lovora of molasses candy arc inf orm -
: ed, that th?v can obt?iu it fresh every day,
ai. UcKcuziu'a cuarccsionary, Plain street.
JUST PcBUaaxn.-Tito Hack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbi*, originally
published in tbs Columbia Phoenix. A
pamphlet edition of th? ahoy* bas Just
been issued and is for sata at this oSisc -
price $1 a copy.
CASH.--TT? wish it distinctly understood
that onr terms for subscription, vlvcrtising
and job work ar? cssh. The money must
ia every eas? accompany orders, or they tritt
not be atlend?i to. This rale applies .to af.
M Ail. FAAXCBZS.-Wo have been without
Northern m ?Us, and consequently without
exchanges, for thc past three d?ya. We are
indebted to the Southern Express Compa?
ny for Richmond papers to Ut? 4th instant.
The failures of thc mail cannot be account?
ed for at the post office.
SION oy THS Dura.-Our friend, T. W.
Radcliffe, as will be soon, has changed his
quarters, and may now bc found at his
residence, corner of Assembly and Pendle?
ton streets. Helias on hind a good supply
t?fall the leading article-* in his line of bu?
siness, and, although the stock may not
be as rich :r extensive as that he kept on
Main street, yet there are few articles of
necessity that thc Major cannot supply to
his friends and customers.
NEW AOVEUTISEMSNTS.-Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published for the first tim? ibii nwrn
Goldsmith & Kind-Iron Works.
Col. Haughton -General Orders No. 1?,.
??"Executors' Sale in Newberry District.
C. D. Eberhardt-Merchant Tailor.
Applv at this Office-Horse. Ac.. Stolen.
A. lt." Phillips-Valuable Stock.
Melvin M. Cohen-Fresh Supplies.
Manahan A Warley-Batt?sv??e. Goods.
The Canada newspapers disclose
ami complain of a singular depopula?
tion of that country, which, both to
the clergy and laity, is becoming a
matter of deep solicitude. The To?
ronto (C. W.) Mirror pnblisb.es an
abstract from a statement made by the
Catholic Bishop of Toronto, in refer?
ence to the great loss of population in
his diocese. The Bishop, in explain?
ing his reasons for not rebuilding St.
Patrick's Church at present, said the
young men were leaving the country
in every direction. His clergy had
recently given him a census of their
parishes. At the Inst Government
census, in 1861, the Catholics of the
Diocese of Toronto numbered Pi, OOO
souls. By the census lately given to
thc Bishop by the clergy, above refer?
red to, the Diocese was found to con?
tain only 30,000. In Toronto alone,
which is a city of about 15,000 inha?
bitants, Catholics have gone away to
the United States to the number of
4,000, in order to obtain employ?
ment. In Lower Canada, a similar
exodus is represented as in progress,
and the people are leav ing it in tens
of thousands. Tho Canadian press is
much exercised over the subject, and
admits that a large emigration has
taken place from the country, without
offering any explanation of tho cause.
It is indeed a remarkable phenome?
non, that in a country enjoying pro?
found peace, with a government and
laws proverbially mild and indulgent,
such a popular stampede should have
sprung up. And it is a little singular,
too, that the movement seems to em?
brace principally, and be confined
mainly to the Catholic element of the
population, which in Canada, is about
one-half. Can this exodus be in any
manner associated with or referred to
Fenianism? The Catholic population
of Canada is largely Irish, although
the French infusion predominates. It
is a matter of remark that most of the
emigrants are young men. The feel?
ing between the Catholics and Pro?
testants of Canada has never been of
the wnrniost character, and the Irish
portion of thc Catholics may have
drawn the French with them, from
the sympathy of common prejudices
and a common religion, to embark in
their Fenian enterprises.
The population of Canada is docile
and industrious, and furnishes the
best agriculturists in the world. E**cn
as high up as the bleak and inhospi?
table latitude of Quebec, it is not
unusual for a French C tnadian to
support a large family on tho products
of a singlo acre, so highly skilled anti
developed is thc knowledge of agri?
culture and horticulture. It would
bc a great gain to the South if these
people, now leaving their homes by
thousands, would como hither. It
might not bc a diilieult matter to
cause thc stream of immigration to
empty its wealth of labor and capi?
tal in our lap, if the proper steps were
taken to that end.--Richmond Times
-*?>. - .
A Mrs. Alfred H. Price, of Wilmington,
Delaware, wife of a late clerk in the Troa
sury Department, has been swindling thc