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JtY MORNING, NOVEMBER ijjf 1865.
VOL. I-NO. 1
THE PIKEN IX.
- 0 *
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TU I-WEEK LT,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY
Dailv Paper, six months.S5 00
Tri-YVeckly, " " . 3 50
Single espies 10 cents.
Inserted at ?1 per square for thc- first in?
sertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent.
l?ySpecial notices 15 cents a line.
Tlic Execution of Captain Win. of tine
Confederate States Army.
Probably such scenes as occurred at
the banging of this unfortunate officer
at the Capitol of the United States, on
Friday last, were never before wit?
nessed in this country. They were,
however, strictly in keeping with what
had occurred during thc progress of
the trial. The prisoner himself ex?
hibited remarkable coolness and j
nerve. Previous to being led to
execution he disposed of some small
effects, and wrote bis name in the au?
tograph book of the jailor's clerk.
The Washington papers give tho fol?
lowing account :
The morning was bright with sun?
shine when the guards were paraded
in the ririson-yard of tho Old Capitol,
and those who had been allowed passes
began to assemble to witness the exe?
cution of the penalty of the Luv upon
tho Andersouville murderer.
Long before thc hour of execution
every available point of observation \
was occupied by spectators, whose j
irrepressible curiosity led them to j
climb the trees, fences, and the roofs ?
adjacent, wherever there was a chance j
to see or hear the proceedings inside
the prison yard. The trees on the j
eastern park of the Capitol grounds
were filled with soldiers, and many of
the "hoys in blue" occupied the roofs
around the enclosure. The guards in
the prisou yard were drawn up in a
tallow square around tin; scaffold, and
}out one hundred spectators, in
uding members of thc press, were
ithered in groups in the urea.
Gardner, the photographer, was on
hand with his apparatus, and several
views were taken during the proceed?
ings. At thirteen minutes past 10
o'clock, the prisoner was lcd forth,
accompanied by Fathers Boyle and
Weichert, one on either side. He I
walked erect, and with a firm step.
He was dressed in a long, loose robe
of black cambric, and his head was
'nave. His right arm was suspended
in a sling, and some present, who had
seen the condition of that limb,
thought it would be impossible for
him to have it pinioned down behind
him in the usual manner.
TA"irz mounted the scaffold with a
firm step and sat in a chair, his
spiritual advisers standing on his right
Major Bussell, Provost Marshal,
read to the prisoner thc charges and
specification on which he was tried,
and the findings of the court.
When the reading was concluded,
Wirz stood up and was asked by Major
Russell if he desired to say anything
before the sentence was executed.
He replied that he had nothing to
say to the public. He continued to
converse with the reverend fathers
in attendance, while his arms were
being pinioned behind him.
At this time be stood quite erect,
and his countenance wore a pleasant
expression, lie was apparently more
animated than he had appeared at any
time in the court during his trial.
He said to the priests that he was
willing to die like a man and a Chris?
During this time the soldiers mocked
him with eries of '"You'll never starve
any mon; Union prisoners!" "Ke
niember Andersonvillel" ..Andersou?
ville!" " Anderson ville 1" "Ander?
While the knot was being adjusted
he kept on speaking to thc attending
priests, turning his head to each with?
out any display of trepidation or re?
straint. The "cry of the Nemesis
seemed to reach him not.
After all was ready, the reverend
fathers shook hands* with him, and
thfcrblack cap was drawn over his
S^nj:". The soldiers in thc trees were
Jeffry more demonstrative than ever,
?lld when, the next moment, thc drop
fell, a wild chorus of cheers arose
from them as if they had won a battle.
It was a most remarkable scene.
Xever has its like Leen witnessed in
this country at any execution. "When
the drop fell at ten and a half o'clock,
the wretched man's body writhed for
a couple of minutes, and then it was
still. The execution was complete.
CAPT. WIKZ'S Jj ?ST AUTOGRAPH.
Just before he was led out to die, one
of the clerks presented him with an
autograph book, and asked him to give
his name. He did so, and wrote in a
clear, plain hand the following:
"Old Capitol Prison,
"Nov. 1U, 18G5.
"Capt. and A. A. G.,
"C. S. A."
and remarked. "There, that is the
last signature I shall ever make." He
made all tho punctuation marks with
THE NEW YOUR ELECTION.-The
election in this State has resulted, as
we anticipated, in thc success of the
Republican State ticket. "We clo not
think that this fact will, in thc slight?
est degree, affect the policy of tl io
Administration. Both sets of candi
didates stood fully pledged, by tho
conventions which nominated them,
to support that policy; and each vied
with the other in asserting its confi?
dence in, and devotion to, him who
dispenses the patronage of the Fede?
ral Government, and who rules this
country with the strong arni of mili?
tary power. Between their platforms
tin? oldest politicians could not distin?
guish the dirlV-rencc; and tl?? antece?
dents of the candidates vere as much
alike, as the platforms upon which
they stood. The contest was, there?
fore, one for ?duce, and not for prin?
ciple; and for that reason it excited
but little interest among the people,
and no enthusiasm. The vote was
consequently vcxy small, and affords
no true indication of the comparative
strength of parties in this State. The
real lesson which this election teaches
is one by which the people ought to,
and must, profit, if they truly desire
and are resolved to regain the liberties
which they have nearly lost, and
which they are in great danger of
losing altogether. lt is this, that
success is not to be achieved by sacri?
ficing principle to supposed expedi?
ency, and that they must no longer
trust to the leadership of those selfish
and unprincipled politicians who are
ever seeking to barter away the rights
and interests of the people for ollices
and money-making jobs for them?
selves and their friends.
[New York ITeics.
As Bill Arp says: "Confederic mo?
ney is gwine to be good agin;" for
we see it stated that the Hartford
Times, Chicago Times, Cincinnati
Enquirer and Buffalo Courier, all
leading Northern papers, are advo?
cating the assumption of the Confed?
erate debt Ly the United States Gov?
ernment. Tliis information is vouched
for, and wo advise1 our friends not to
sacrifice their '-Confederic" notes.
Uncle Sam is going to be whole-souled,
liberal and magnanimous, and pay
the whole debt. You who have been
selling your Confederate money at $5
on the SI,OOO-don't yera feel mean?
Tin: MANLTACT?.TJEBS' PKOITTS. -
The editor of the New England
Funner, in bis last "noteson travels,"
"A stay of four hours at Lowell,
gave nie an opportunity to learn that
most of thc mills are in operation,
and earning large di vidends for stock?
holders. 1 was told by a gentleman
somewhat conversant with the manu?
facture of cotton, that on all light
cotton goods, a profit of one dollar is
made on every pound ol' cotton used!"
In Haleigh, on Wednesday night
last, then? was a terribie lire. The
whole block of buildings on the South
side of Market Square were consumed.
Messrs. Upchnrch ?t Cook, Mr. King,
L. H. Adams, Lynn Adams, M. ii.
Royster, J. Kinsey, Kev. A. L. Baven
and Bagwell Brothers occupied the
In treating of Fenianism, our Eng?
lish cotempornries arc taking great
pains to impress their readers with
the idea that all that remains of Irish
disaffection is represented in thc Fe?
nian organization. In a recent article
the Times, inventing its "facts" wher?
ever needed, argues that as no Irish?
men except the Fenians are disaffected
with British rule, and as the Fenians
are few in number and are socially
insignificant, the present condition of
Ireland need not be a cause of any
alarm to the English Government.
"Fenianism," it says, "represents all
that could be produced in the way of
insurrection in 18C5. It is far below
thc movement even of 1848 as that
was below the rising of 1798. From
Lord Edward Fitzgerald and his
friends we dropped down to Smith
O'Brien and his accomplices; and now
we have descended to bricklayers and
bagmen, whose names arc unknown
even in their native towns. Once,
the only allies to be expected on the
side of order were the members of
one privileged class ; now, we can rely
upon every class in Ireland above the
lowest Kornau Catholic Priests are as
loyal as Protestant Clergymen. When
Irisji disaffection has- dwindled to
Fenianism, there is good reason for
supposing that it is dying out alto?
gether, and must be very near its
In this view of the ease the Times
is greatly in error. The disaffection
existing in Ireland is not to be mea?
sured by the extent of the Fenian
organization; its prevalence among
the various classes of society is not to
be judged from the social standing of
the parties now under arrest for com?
plicity with the Fenian movement.
And the change in the condition ol
Irish feeling between 1798 and 18f>5
is by no means so considerable as thc
Times seems to imagine. The men ol
1848were, in talent and in position, thc
equals, at least, of their predecessors
of 1708, and quite as large a numbei
of respectable persons held theil
principles and snared their aspira?
tions. Irish disaffection in 1NG5 ii
not less widely spread than it was ir
'98 aud '18; but, owing to the state o'
European politics, there are fewei
incentives to its taking the shape o:
conspiracy and rebellion. Were revo
huions now afoot throughout Europe
emptying thrones and overturning
dynasties, the condition of Irelanc
would soou become a greater "dange:
to the empire" than it was in 1848
and did a state of war exist betweei
England and France-were expedi
tions now, as in 1797, being fitted ou
in the French ports for thc invasioi
of Ireland, a rebellion compared wit]
which that of '98 would seem partia
and trivial, would presently swec]
through the entire island.
What, let us ask, has been don
since 1798 that could superinduc
feelings of contentment and loyalt
among thc people ? Tho Englishman
will immediately answer, "Catholi
emancipation." But Irishmen we]
know that Catholic emancipation ha
been no boon to the masses of th
people. It has benefitted only a chis:
and whatever of an ameliorative
effect might be expected to resit
therefrom, has been more than com
tervailed by other circumstances, fe
which the British Government is r<
sponsible. Surely the eve nts of tb
famine years, the continually progr?s:
ing depopulation of the country, it
continually increasing taxation, tl:
repeated refusals of the Governmei
to reform the laws that oppress an
rob the Irish tenantry, the maint
nance of the Irish Church Establisl
ment, the official patronage given 1
the idea that Ireland is to bc nothir
more in the world than a "mother <
flocks and herds ; " the utter absein
of legislation intended to devek
the resources or protect the inter?s
of Ireland, and the steady sinking
the country into a ruinous conditioi
these things ?ire not well calculated
make the inhabitants loyal and co:
tented. The facts are patent to ?
classes of Irishmen, and they are u
heeded. Tho consequence is, that
genuine good will towards the Ellgli:
Government there is very little,
any, in the land.
Such Support as it receives, su<
passive endurance as is exhibited 1
those subjected to its operations, are
due to circumstances which have no
relation whatever to a feeling of
respect or affection for the Govern?
ment. That Ireland is grievously
misruled is the belief of nearly every
Irishman in Ireland and out of it.
The priests, to whose "loyalty" the
I Times makes referenco, believe it; the
parsons believe it ; tho professional
classes believe it ; the merchants, the
shopkeepers, the artizans, the farmers,
the magistrates, the police, all believe
it. Some intestine feuds, some class
fears and jealousies, some religious
rancors, with a prevailing conscious?
ness of the overpowering might of
England, are the causes why all do not
unite in proclaiming that belief, and
demanding that the Government of
Ireland shall be passed at once from
the hands of foreigners to those of
her own children. It very well suits
the pui-poses of the English press to
assert that all those Irishmen who do !
not approve of thc Fenian project,
and have not cast in their lot with its
promoters, are well satisfied with
England's management of Irish affairs,
but it is a false pretence, and we trust
that in England or elsewhere there
are very few who can be deceived by
Governor Brownlow had an encoun?
ter the other evening with a couple of
rebel soldiers at Franklin. One of
them had bogged alms of Mrs. Brown?
low, on the ground of his having
fought for the Confederacy. Upon
her tolling him she could* not give
him anything for such a reason as
that, he grew angry and cursed her.
When the Governor learned of the
affair, he went in search of thc of?
fender, whom he found in company
with another rebel soldier, who made
common cause with him. The Go?
vernor whipped them both very gen?
PENSIONERS IN TUE REBEL STATES.
Tlie Secretary of the Interior has de?
cided that all pensions granted prior
to the commencement of the late
rebellion, ceased to accrue from and
after the date of the President's pro?
clamation declaring the Stace or dis?
trict in which the pensioner was
domiciled to be in insurrection, and
that the payment of such pensions can
only be resumed from and after the
completion of the proof of the pen?
sioner's right to be restored to the
Tho Commissioners appointed by
the Government to examine the re?
cently completed portion of the Pa?
cific Railroad, extending from New?
castle to Colfax, California, a distance
of twenty-three miles, have reported
their approval of the same to Wash?
ington, which entitles the Company
to $1,100,000 in Government bonds.
The Company announce that the bulk
of the work from Colfax to Dutch
Flat, i>early eighty miles from Sacra?
mento, will be completed in De?
ORDERED NORTH.-Thc steamer W. !
W. Coit, which has been employed in
the Government service in this De?
partment for several months, has been
ordered to proceed North without de?
lay. This steamer, it will bo remem
' bored, made regular trips for several
weeks between this port and Hilton
Head. She will probably be dis
i charged from Government employ.
[CftaHeston Courier, 15///.
Says the Maine Farmer: Neighbor
Jones says that if we will go to a tin
shop and get a lot of scrap tin and
crowd it into rat holes, they will
evacuate the premises at once.
Whether they fear them as traps, or
whether they scratch their sides, or
whether they have a natural fear for
it, lie could not tell. He only knows
Governor Wells has issued a pro
! clamation calling a special session of
thc Louisiana Legislature on the 23d,
on the ground that the gravest in?
terests of the State demand the pre?
sence of the United States Senators,
to act in Congress.
The Natchez Courier thinks that if
Governor Brownlow were to die and
go to the deuce, he would assort his
right to the crown, and the devil
would be merely lieutenant-governor
of the concern.
PB. GLASS has established, in connec
. tion with the Book and Stationery
business, a general COMMISSION AGENCY
for tho purchase and sale of Merchandize
of every description, Bonds, Stocks, Kcal
Careful attention given to all business
entrusted to him.
Office, at present, on Plain street, near
Nickerson'8 Hotel. Nov 1
Office Washington Street, near Main,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
WE, tho undersea havo f ?
copartnership, for tho purpose of
Tm&h M1'!ful1 8tock of CROCE
p7f?v?PE' HAT?- SHOES and
^Fo?6?008' H- D- MANAHAN,
Oct 24 Imo_FELIX WARLEY
Greenville, S. C.
THE EXERCISES of this Institution
will bc resumed on thc 15th of Feb?
For Circular giving further information
application may be made to '
PnoF. JN0. F. LANNEAU
Oct 28 07 Secretary of Faculty
Charleston Courier, Augusta Chronicle?s
Sentinel, Edgefield Advertiser, Newberry
Herald, and Yorkville Enquirer,, please
cony un t il the 15th of January, and forward
tulls to thc Secretary of Faculty. Greenville
RECEIVED AND FOR SALE BY
h. C. CLARK!,
Washington Strei t. Opposite Old Jail.
RIBBONS, COLOGNE, TOILET POW
DER, VERBENA WATER, TOILFA
SOAPS. SOZODONT, DIAPER Pl Ns Toilet
Powder Poxes, silk and Leather Belts Cor?
sets, .Tooth, Nail and Hair Brushes, Gloves
Linen Braids, Tape, Shawls, Edgings Bal?
moral Skirts, Calicoes. Traveling Ba?-s
Portmonaies, Canton Flannel, Cassimeres
and Cloths, for Gent'swear, Blankets. Huts
Whalebone, Zephyr Worsted. Black Bomba?
zine, Black French Merino, Black Alpaca
B. E. Diaper, Huck. Diaper, Cloak Orna?
ments and rrimmings, Serpentine Silks and
Worsted Braids, Paney, Pearl, Agate. Bone.
Metal and other Buttons, Shell and Imita?
tion Tuck ('..nibs, Dress Trimmings Mar?
celine Shaw] Pms, Mcnefour, Ladies' Meri?
no Vests, Drawers and Petticoats, Gilt and
Jet Belt Buckles, Gent's Merino Drawers
and Cndervests, Waterfalls and Pads Lace
Veils, Marceline Silk. .fcc: Oct 29