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vi? J5X J. A. .orjJUJD.1
COLUMBIA, S. p., THURSDAY MORNING, IEPTEMBE% 21, ?8G5.
.YOL. I-NO. *?*. y
PUBLISHED DAXLV AND Titi-WEEK LY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IX AD VAXCE.
Daily Paper, six months.$."> (IO
Tri-Weekly, '. " .3 50
Inserted at ?1 per square for the first in?
sertion, and 75 cents for each subscqu< nt.
tfa- Special notices 15 cents a linc.
Counting H?.uso Calendar for 1800.
u nt vu
SS M IT
Secretary Seward on tile Relations
Between England and America.
The New York correspondent of
the London Spectator gives the sub?
stance of some remarks recently made
by Mr. Seward in the writer's hear?
ing. As to thc relations of the two
Governments, he said that they were
on a footing of formal amity, but
nothing more. Sir Frederick Bruce
has expressed the wish that a feeling
of frank cordiality might be es?
tablished between the two Govern?
ments and the two peoples. Mr.
Seward wished that it might be so
with all his heart, and he would do,
as indeed he always had done, all
that could be done to bring about so
desirable an end. As to war, that
was a horrible alternative, the re?
sponsibility for which he, as far as he
was able, should take care did not
rest with our Government. This he
had said privately to Sir Frederick
Bruce, with whom his relations were
of the pleasantest kind, and of whom
he spoke with respect and cordiality.
But he had also told the British
Minister that the way toward any?
thing more than thc present relations
of mere formal amity between the
two peoples and Governments must
be led by the British people and the
If they were content with our
present attitude toward each other,
we were; but that if any change were
made in it for the better, it must be
of British making. We were the ag?
grieved party, who had suffered insult
for many years, and grievous wrong
added to graver insult for the last
four years, and it was not for us to
seek a reconciliation. While the
British Government thought it pro?
per to rei>ly to our representations of
the injury we had suffered through
its neglect or its incapacity to restrain
the unfriendly disposition of British
subjects, by merely talking down to
ns about being the guardians of their
own honor, nothing could be expect?
ed from us but to stand upon punctilio
as well ?is upon our essential rights,
and insist upon both in the minutest
particular. If our elder brother
wished us to trust him again, he must
bring forth fruits meet for repentance.
We should be pleased if he did; we
should be content if he <lid not.
However he (Mr. Seward) might per?
sonally be disposed to conciliate the
British people, this was as far as the
people of the country would allow
any administration to go in that
Ono of the strangest sights in the
politics of the day, is to see DanielS.
Dickinson, of New York, thc noisest
Northern friend the South ever had
before the war, now acting and schem?
ing with Northern extremists to keep
the South out <>f the Union and hold
the Southern States as conquered
Thc Treasury Report.
The report of the Secretary of the
Treasury is a comprehensive review
of the financial situation, in which he
freely expresses his views, and makes
such suggestions to Congress ns he
considers best calculated to gradually
emancipate the country from the
evils inseparable from an enormous
national debt and an inflated and de?
preciated currency. He moralizes
like one who, disliking his surround?
ings, sighs for some Utopia which he
knows to be beyond his reach. He
regrets the plethora of paper money,
and sees that it is undermining the
morals of the people by encouraging
waste and extravagance, and the ouly
remedy, in his opinion, is a reduction
of tho currency. But elsewhere he
qualifies his opinion, by saying that
a very rapid reduction of it would be
disastrous, though there is no reason
to apprehend that any policy which
Congress may adopt will cause such
a rapid reduction of prices as to pro?
duce very serious embarrassments to
trade, and that the influences of fund- j
ing upon the money market will suf- !
ficiently prevent the too rapid with?
drawal of legal tenders. j
He estimates that the public debt
will amount on the 1st of July next
to 3,000,000,000, but the unsettled
and accruing claims against the Go?
vernment cannot now be computed.
Meanwhile he observes, that if the
expenditures for the remaining three
quarters of the present fiscal year
prove equal to the estimates, there
will be a deficiency to be provided for
by loans of $112,194,94:7, exclusive of
$32,536,901 of five per cent, notes, a
portion of which is now in process of
redemption. Hence he asks for
power to sell six per cent, bonds to
proVide the means of meeting this
deficiency, as well as to retire com?
pound interest notes, as they mature,
and plain legal tenders. He cannot
understand how the funding of cur?
rency can fail to reduce prices; but
the example of it which he has al?
ready furnished has shown that at
least it does not affect the price of
gold, while, without lowering the
price of the necessaries of life, it
exerts a depressing influence upon
Government securities. This is be?
cause there is a public distrust cf the
worth of the remainder of the cur?
rency as compared with gold. He
does net formally endorse the recom?
mendation of the Comptroller of the
Currency for a further issue of na?
tional bank currency; but he admits
that the South is in great want of
bank circulation, and regrets that the
North received the whole of the au?
thorized 300,000,000. Herecognizes
his own powerlessness, beyond a very
narrow limit, when he remarks that
there is more danger to be appre?
hended from the inability of the Go?
vernment to reduce its circulation
j rapidly enough than from a too rapid
i reduction of it; and it is in part to
prevent a financial crisis that is ccr
? tain to come without it that the See]
rotary recommends contraction. Ho
places great reliance upon the revc
I mic, and suggests the propriety of
? funding the entire, indebtedness of
I the nation into five per cent, per?
petual annuities, the interest of
which, supposing the debt to be
; 3,000,000,000, would be 150,000,000
: per annum. Bv the application of
i 100,000,000 to the payment of the
principal, he shows that the debt
I would be extinguished in a little over
Without entering into further
j details, however, we may say that the
* report is, on the winde, conservative,
and calculated to soothe rather than
excite apprehensions of the adoption
of radical measures.
[New Vork Urra/,/.
Lientenau Maffit, formerly an of?
ficer of tl Alabama, and Jefferson
Davis Howell, came passengers by
I the Hibernia, and were arrested in
Portland, Me., December 6th, just as
they were starting on th" train for
I ( 'anada.
I Hon. Albert Elinore has been
! elected by the Legislature Secretary
I Of Stat.' of Alabama.
Bishop Lynch, of Charleston., S. C.
His Lordship tho Right Rev. Pa?
trick N. Lynch, Bishop of Charles?
ton, in tho State of South Carolina,
in the United States of America, left
this city yesterday, with his Vicar
General, the Rev. Dr. T. Birmingham,
for Iiis diocese, the calamities of
i which have kept lum absent from his
i country for the last year. The high
! respect in which Monsignor Lynch
j has always been held by both Catholics
: and Protestants of both of the sec
I tions with which the late unfortunate
! conflict divided his country, caused
the President of the United States to
permit his immediate return, as soon
as the war was ended. Indeed, al?
though belonging to the South, his
charity towards Federal prisoners,
black and white, for whom he ex?
hausted his resources and exposed his
health in the hospitals and prisons,
to succor, have justly acquired for
him the unbounded gratitude of the
North. The departure of Bishop
Lynch from Rome, where he has be?
come so much venerated as a pious
and learned prelate and devoted mis?
sionary, excites from the highest to
the lowest universal regret, especially
as he returns to his diocese to lind his
cathedral burnt, his episcopal resi?
dence destroyed, the greater part of
the churches, convents and institu?
tions of charity under his jurisdic?
tion, either reduced to ashes or shat?
tered to pieces, and with no future
hope, excepting in the mercy of God
and benevolence of the faithful else?
where. We sincerely trust that, ac?
companied by the benedictions of
Rome, this charity will be liberally
and genero?slv extended, and that
Catholics in ?ngland, France and
Germany, and the Northern as well
as Southern States of America, will
vie with each other in aiding this
most benevolent and self-denying
bishop to repair the ruined desolation
which has taken place in his diocese.
[ Osservaiore Romano. Oct. ll.
Judge Caldwell, at a recent term of
the District Court held at Huntsville,
Texas, ruled that the several acts of
the Legislature, passed since the
ordinance of secession, suspending
thc statutes of limitation, are valid
and in force.
The Federal shells struck 800 houses
in Petersburg, as has been ascertain?
ed by actual count.
CHEAP CASH STORE ? ?
THE BEST and CHEAPEST SELEC?
TION of GROCERIES, consisting of
Flour, Bacon, Hains, Lard, Butter, Ac,
and other articles in great variety, can bo
had at J. D. GILLMAN'S Store,
Assembly street, 2(1 door from
Dec 10 :i* Washington House.
THREE THOUSAND lbs. BACON, at re?
duced rates, by
Doc 10 3 FISHER A LOWRANCE.
7K PISTOLS of all Kinds. Prices to
rf suit purchasers. Rv
Dec 10 \i FISHER A LOWRANCE.
LARGE STORE~D??irLOiJKS I
,4 T mod?r?t.' rates. By
IY. Dec Ki:! FISHER A LOWRANCE.
BOOTS m wu.
ITM NE SEWED BOOTS and SHOES, just
in ocr steamer Moneka, and for sale
bv FISHER A: LOWRANCE.
BP.LS. NEATSFOOT OIL.
?. Straits A- Banks' OIL.
Rbis. Winter Whale Oil.
" '. Lard Oil. Arriving and
for sale bv C. H. BALDWIN,
Dec 10 2 old stand ?d' Allen A Dial.
mwo THOUSAND new CORN LAOS.
? Der !. 3 W. .V E. SHIVER.
HIS ST?CK OF
BOOKS, STATIOXEBY, SC., &C,
TO thc new brick utero, on thc site of tho
old Pout Office, (opposite Bedell's Bow.)
where ho will bc pleased to serve all who
may favor him with a rall.
New York papers received every morning.
Dec 10 3
ONE HUNDRED sacks largo size Liver?
pool SALT, for sale low bv
Dec 9 3 KENNETH A" GIBSON.
pf rv BBLS. FINE FAMILY FLOUR, for
OU sale low by
Dec 9 3 KENNETH A GIBSON.
O PC SMITH k WESSON'S CARTREOGE
?? O FISTOLS.
25 Merwin & Brav's Cartridge PISTOLS.
25 COLTS PISTOLS, 5 and 6 inches.
25 WHITNEY'S PISTOLS, much cheaper
than Colt's and equal in every respect.
SHOT. POWDER, CAPS and extra CAR?
TRIDGES, in endless variety. For sale
low for cash bv
Doc 9 3 ' KENNETH A GIBSON.
New Rice !
5BBLS. CHOICE NEW RICE.
5 " Porto Rico MOLASSES.
20 bbls. Extra and Family FLOUR. In
store and for sale by
Dec 9 2 C. H. BALDWIN.
WA. HARRIS, Agent to Purchase or
. Sell Real Estate. Prompt attention
given to any business entrusted to his
care. Office, for the present, at his resi?
dence, corner Gervais and Bull streets.
Columbia, S. C. _ Dec. 3
ASITUATION as TUTOR, in a family
of five, six or eight children. All the
English Branches and Latin and Greek (if
desired) taught. Apply at this office,
stating salary. References given, if re?
quired. Dec 5 18
Plants for Sale.
MRS. T. LEARMONT begs to inform
the citizens of Columbia and persons
visiting the city, that the last of her fine
stock of EVERGREENS and other PLANTS
will be disposed of at prices suited to the
cireumstanecHof the times, either for cash
or provisions. Apply corner of Lady and
Piekens streets. Dec 5 6*
i lY order of Jacob Bell, Ordinarv, will be
I ) sold, at public salo, on WEDNESDAY,
20th inst., at the residence of the late Mrs.
Matthews, all the Household and Kitchen
FURNITUREbelonging to the estate of the
lat'? .To?. Matthews.
J. U. MATTHEWS,
_Dec 6 Adm'r Est. of Jos. Matthew.-..
HOOTS. SHOES, UL
-j., THE subscribers have&^-.
f fljust received, bv late ar- TW\
' Mrivals from the most cele
bratcd manufacturers in Phi- ^ ^^^^
ladelphia, n large and well selected stock
of Ladies'. Miss's' and Children s
Sib H'S and
Of the latest and most fashionable styles.
Wi' arc prepared, aa usual, to manufac?
ture Ladies'and Gentlemen's work in the
most durable nianm r and at the shortest
notice; and from our large experience in
business in tliis citv, we can warrant saris
f act ion. THOMAS FLANK IAN A CO.
KEROSENE LAMPS, &C
OPENED THIS DAY, a new mel beauti?
ful assortment of KEROSENE LAM PS,
for Stores. Parlors, Halls and Chambers.
KEROSENE OIL, WICKS, CHIMNIES,
SHADES, Ac. W. B. STANLEY,
Dee 2 Coiner Plain and Gates sts.
PETER W. KRAFT would
respectfully inform his old
friends ami customers that
be has resumed his old busi
f a GUNSMITH, and will prompt ly
Ha! Ha! Ha!
KRIS 5 KBIl??LE
HAS COME TO TOWN ? ?
IX consequence of thc war, an embargo
had been laid on Children's Toys, aa
well as Old Folk's Notions. Now that peace
and plenty are joining hands, old KRISS
KRINGLE and MCKENZIE have "recon?
structed," and the old Agency has been re?
newed, the old fellow has turned over *
large and varied assortment of all kinds of
TOYS for the coming holidays. So come
along to Kriss' Depot, and select Toys be?
fore th ev are all gone.
Bakery and Fancy Toys..
Plainstreet, below Gates.
Dec. 9 Columbia, S. C.
Small Farm for Sale.
IOFFER for sale a small FARM, contain?
ing 100 acres of land, lying about 2?
miles from Columbia. On the premises aro
a small but comfortable Dwelling and
Kitchen, Servants' House, Stable and
Shuck House, with sufficient wood land for
family use. The land is nearly all bottom
land, and is most admirably adapted for a
Market Garden or Nursery. On it are
500 TREES OF CHOICE FR ?ISV
Just commenced to bear. It has four
never-failing springs of water, and can be
made very valuable. Terms made easy to
an approved purchaser.
R. M. STOKES,
Dec 9 3 At Sloane A Stokes' store.
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Hon. W. F. DESAUSSURE.President.
Dr. JOHN FISHER.Treasurec
F. W. MCMASTER.Actuary.
THIS Company has paid fer losses to the
widows and orphans of the South near
$400,000. Its rates are low and profits
regularly returned to the insurers. Fer
further information and policies of insur?
ance, apply to the Actuary, No. 5 Law
Range, Columbia, 8. C. Dec 9 Imo*
O JE*. D E R S 5
WILL BE AT THE STORE OF
C. S. JENKINS,
ASSEMBLY STREET, NEXT MARKET*
Dee 9 Imo
AWELL-SETTLED PLANTATION, con
sisting of about 1,500 acres of Land- -
Hilo of which are cleared, and the remain?
der well timbered. On the said plantation
are a Saw Mill, Grist Mill and Gin, pro
polled by water power. Situated in the
fork of the Congaree and Wat cree Rivers,
on tho South Carolina Railroad, about one
mile from Kingsville and a milr and a Laif
from Gadsden. Location healthy and all
the buildings in good condition, capable of
accommodating between fifty and seventy
five laborers. On tho premises, also, is a
good Overseer's House. The said property
can be rented on shares with owners, or
the whole, if desired. Applvto
Dec 7 0* MANAHAN fi WARLEY.
HOOTS, SHOES AND LEATHER.
THE subscribers have just received
rwfa general assortment of BOOTS and
M?.SHOES, consisting of: (?cut's Single
and Doubl.-sole,1 BOOTS. (Philadelphia
make,) Balmorals, Gaiters, bootees, Bro?
gans, Ac Also. ;i tine lot of thc very best
Baltimore Oak Soie LEATHER. W.'-'.ili.
as usual, make to order all variot'es of
Boots and simes, of the best material anti
workmanship, for cash only rule front
which th? re will be n?> exception.
J. .V A. OLFvER,
Suinte-st.. between Richland and Laurel
Dec 7 lnio*_
At Private S,i1<:
? A. R. Phillips.
rpi?AT rH SIRABLE RESIDENCE, at
JL pro- it ccupied by Hon. John Town
send, .:'.t> 1 one mi!.: from the Charlotte
Railroad P pot, and about 200 yards fron:
Barham ville Institute. The house is weB
finished ceded, canvassed and handsomely
papered, and has six fire-places, 'flier?
are suitable out-buildings attached. The
lot contains ISA acres, under perfect fenc?
ing, a poi lion of which i:, nude, thorongb
cultivation as a garden thu balance well
wooded. Additional land adjoining can bc
hail if desired. For price ami terms,
apph as above. Nov 28 tufC