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BY J. A. SELBY.
YOL. I-NO. "228.
PUBLISHED DAILT ARD TBI-WHEKLY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Daily Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weekly, " " ....3 50
Inserted at SI per square for the first in?
sertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent.
t?a~ Special notices 15 cents a linc.
Immigration and. Steam Culture.
"We subjoin an interesting extract
from the London correspondence of
the Richmond Times. That paper
says the writer is a Virginia gentle?
man of distinguished talent and ex?
cellent judgment, and that what he
says upon the above subjects should
be read by all :
Immigration, and the use of steam
in the tillage of her lands, will soon
start the "Old Dominion" on her
march again. These two subjects
twin subjects let them be called
should receive not only the serious
attention of the people, but of the
Legislature of the State. Should
Virginia step forward this winter with
anything like a liberal proposition on
the subject of immigration, she will
receive from England, Scotland and
"Wales, numbers of people, and of a
class superior to that which has here?
tofore reached the shores of America
from this country.
It will be found when the effort is
made, as I hope and trust it will be,
and made at once-that the present
enormous price of food, growing out
of the cattle plague and other causes,
and the very small wages paid to the
agricultural laborer of this kingdom,
-will be thc most efficient of "Emi?
grant aid societies." The want of
this class of labor is a grievous one
with you-you are starving, so to
speak, for the grain which here rots
in the field Will your authorities
enter and reap? Political economists
here look to emigration as the chief
means of improving the condition of
the farm laborer; the government
and the people will encourage it, and
the laborer himself seems willing
enough to make the venture. Let
your planters combine and contribute
to start the matter; the cost would
be insignificant when the ultimate
advantages to be gained are consider?
ed, and above all, let the State Le?
gislature empower the governor to
appointa commissioner of emigration
here, and appropriate money to give
"assisted passages" (that is, pay a
portion of the passage money,) to
emigrants of the classes most desired.
Now as to steam culture. Do not
think this an untried scheme, or one
impracticable for your lands. Steam
is every day employed in England in
the cultivation oi lauds just as rolling
as the uplands around Richmond.
One steam plough, managed by three
men and two boys, does more work
in a day than ten men, with ten Vir?
ginia ploughs and thirty horses or
mules can do; and when the work is
done it is better done, the land is
more improved by the cultivation and
thc yield per ncre greatly increased.
The cost of tillage, when tho. keep of
animals is taken into account, is
about one-half of the cost of horse
power, and the number of horses on
a farm can be reduced by this use of
steam more than one-half.
Your correspondent kas given this
subject much attention, and he is
satisfied, in view of the scarcity not
only of men who will work, but of
animals in Virginia, that steam tillage
can be made a most valuable agent in
rcstorim; her to prosperity. The im?
plements, by proper arrangements,
can be obtained on most favorable
terms of credit. A Washington
gentleman has ju~.t ordered a steam
plough from Mor.srs. Fowler & Co.,
to be used on a farm which he has
rented in Virginia.
The farmers in England club to?
gether, buy these implements and
cultivate, the farms of each member of
the club upon payment of an agreed
price per aere. Ry the fund thus
raised, the machinery is soon paid
for, and in "many cases handsome
dividends are being returned to the
members of the club. The engines
that draw the ploughs do not go upon
the lands to be cultivated. They are
either stationed in a corner of the
field or move along the headlands.
The best of them are locomotives,
move along an ordinary road about
three miles to the hour, dud not only
carry all of their implements with
them, but are very useful for traction
purposes, and are capable of drawing
immense loads after them. They
easily ascend a prado as great as one
foot in six. * Besides, the engines
which do the cultivating are, when
not so used, not only available for
hauling, but for driving threshing
machines, saw and grist mills, <tc.
The plough is more easily guided
than the horse plough, and can bo
stopped as quickly. Thus obstacles,
such as trees, stumps, stones, &c,
are readily avoided; but if the plough
happens to strike one no harm is
done, as the rope, by a simple con?
trivance, flies off the drum.
Then, thc horse never gets tired,
and the ground is never too "hard for
this plough, so that by relays of men,
and a "head light" on the plough, it
could be kept running the whole
twenty-four hours, and the long dry
seasons in summer and fall, which
stop the following with you now,
woidd have no such effect with it.
The State Department has been
officially advised of the ratification of
the anti-slavery amendment by thc
Legislature, of Georgia and Alabama.
NEW YORK, December 16.-Cotton
dull-middbng 49. Flour firm and
unchanged. Wheat and corn quiet
and unchanged. Pork firm.
Lime ! Lime !
7BBLS. LIME, for building purposes,
for sale LOW bv
SKELTON, "CALVO A WALSH,
Dec 21J2_ _Bull Jdreet._
Pretty and Attractive.
FANCY BOXES AND FIRE-WORKS
MB. MCKENZIE han just opened a
handsome assortment of FANCY
BOXES, ?nd ?Iso a fresh stock of FIRE?
WORKS. Call and ?ee them. Dec 19
LIGHT ! LIGHT ! LIGHT !
CHEAPEST AND SAFEST
NO W IN USE !
Burns five hours at Cost of one Cent!
Lig-ro-ine Fluid and Safety Lamp.
IN uso at all the principal Hotels and
Ferries in the United States, on account
of its clcanlinoqp and economy.
DIRECTIONS rou ITS USE.
Fill the Lamp, then pour off all that will .
run out, and turn the Lamp bottum np, to ?
drain; thou screw the top in, and trim the
wick nearly doss' to the tube. If the flame
smokes, the wick is too high.
The Lamp is lined inside with a prepared
;naterial to absorb sufficient Lig-ro-ine to
burn fron? three toeightcon hours, accord?
ing to the size and purpose of the Lamp,
The object of pouring out tho surplus fluid
is to economize it to the greatest possible
extent, and to prevent spilling hi the most
No. 1 Safety Lamp- For Hotels and
No. 2 Safety Lamp-For family uso.
No. 3 Safety hamp-For. general use,
with one, two or three burners; lined to
burn from 'J to 27 hours.
Havinf? secured the right for the sale of
these Lamp* for this District from the
?rincipal agents in Charleston, Messrs. G.
)avis A Co., we will bo al way H prepared to
fill all orders. Tho public are invited to
call and examine these Lamps.
SHELTON, CALVO <t WALSH,
Solo agents for Richland District.
1.000 ?a"1 choUc
(?00 lbs. Sugar-cured HAMS. Just re?
ceived, and the last lot that I shall keep, to
be closed ont at 33 cents per pound by the
piece. Consumers had better provide for
tho winter. At POLLARD'S,
On Main street, centre of the old
Dec 17 fJ* Brick Range.
Columbia Male School.
THE undersigned announces
to his patrons ?nd th? p-iblic
(pthat-the exercises of his School,
"for the first session of lSGfi, will
commence on the first TUES?
DAY in January. Pupils will be
instructed in the course of study prepara?
tory to entering tho University of South
Carolina, or prepared for admission into
the Freshman and the Sophomore Class of
any College. Special attention will bconaid
to imparting a practical knowledge of the
departments of a good English education.
The School-house for t lie approaching ses?
sion will be thc Sunday School Room of the
Marion Street Methodist Church. Only a
limited number of scholars will be admit?
ted. Rate of tuition per session of (ive
months, ?20, payable by half sessions. For
further information, apply to
Dec 20 wfw3? F. W. PAPE, Principal.
BOOK - KEI?MIS?
By Single and Double Entry.
A LIMITED number of young
.men, understanding the general
_[principles of arithmetic, and de?
siring to acquire a nractical and an accu?
rate knowledge of" BOOK-KEEPING by
Single and Double Entry, including the
department of Commercial Arithmetic,
will be received as a class, and instructed
after school hours. Tho recitations, each
of two hours' duration, will embrace a
thorough exposition of the principles of
thc art, and the application of these prin?
ciples in appropriate sets of books, which
every member of the class will bc required
to keep. Rate of tuition for each scholar,
$20 a term of fifty recitations, during which
time an industrious and intelligent student
can prepare himself to take charge of a
set of books in a eounting-house. For
place and hours of instruction, apnlv to
the undersigned. F. W. PAPE.
Dec 20_ wthw3*
Columbia Male Academy.
H. S. THOMPSON, Instructor in Mathe?
matics, French and Eaglish Branches.
RICHARD FORD, Instructor in the Latin
and Greek Classics.
THE exercises of thia Acade?
my will be resumed on the 8th
^.of January next. Pupils will
t'bo prepared for admission into
' any university or ?college. The.
colirio of study will include a
new and improved system of Book-keep?
ing, and special advantages will be afforded
such students as may desire to fit them?
selves for mercantile life.
The scholastic year will be divided into
three terms of four months each. Tuition
at the rate of seventy-five ($75) dollars per
year for the Classics and French, and sixty
"($k>0) dollars for the English Brancnes,
payable at the beginning of each "term.
Pupils who enter for less than a whole
term, will bc charged at the above rates.
Dec 20__ Imo*
THE undersigned begs leave to inform
his friends, and the public in general,
thathe has opened a
FHUIT AND GANDY STOftE,
On Assembly street, next door to the old
Bation House, and is now ready to supply
old and young with CANDIES, FRUITS,
TOYS, FIRE-WORKS, Ac, of which ho has
a good selection. Come one. come all, and
give him a call, before the best things are
picked out. CHAS. BRILL.
1 A BOXES verv simcrior GOSHEN
AAJ CHEESE, at 30 cents per pound. At
POLLARD'S, on rvfain ?street,
Dec 17 +3* Centre of old Brick Range.
JUST received, 500 pices of BONNET
RIBBON. Also, a large assortment of
VELVET RIBBONS -allnumbers-and the
largest stock of latest, style LADIES'
HATS in this city, which we offer at very
We also offer a largo stock of DRESS
GOODS, of ail descriptions, and All-wool
BALMORAL SKIRTS, at NEW YORK
PRICES. ABELES, MYERS A CO.,
Dec 16 C Bronson's Old Stand.
FROM my premises, on Friday
night, six miles from Columbia,
_,tw? MULES-one a large iron
gray horse mule, sixteen hands high.
ei?ht years old, shod all round, mane and
tail trimmed; thc other a black marc mule,
sixteen bands high, ?-hod all round, with a
scar on one hind leg. A reward of $50 will
bo paid for their return and the detection
of the thief. J. D. FROST.
Dee 17 _g
?\?\i \ BUSHELS choice COTTON
' SEED for salei Apply to the
undersigned, at Marion ('. H., S. C.
Dec 14 f?* W. W. 1) CR ANT.
HAVINO taken charge of the above
HOTEL, and having thoroughly re?
fitted and refurnished it, I pledg? myself,
after many years' exp?rience- in thu busi?
ness, to furnish my guests with clean, com?
fortable rooms, and a table supplied at all
times with the very best the markets afford.
I am determined to spare no pains to
please my natrons.
Sly HACKS from Abbeville to Washing?
ton, Ga., will make daily connection with
this House, affording to persons goiug
West and East a safe, comfortable and ex- !
peditious means of convevanco.
Persons desiring to go from Abbeville to !
any point of tho country not accessible by |
public conveyance, can find at my LIVERY ?
STABLES, for hire. Carriages, Billies and
Saddle Horses. P. S. RUTLEDGE. j
Abbeville C. H., December 12, 18<o.
Dec 21 _ lmo_ '
McMaster's Hotel, !
WINNSBORO, S. C. ' j
MTHIS old and favorably known i
HOUSE is still kept by the widow of ?
John McMaster, Esq.,"deceased.
Thc patronage of old friends and of thc
public is solicited._ Doc 12 tu4 j
If you Want a Comfortable and Con- j
venient Residence for your Family, I
RENT THE LATTA DOUSE ! !
THE above is located near the Char- j
-lotte Railroad Depot. Tho building ia i
divided into nine comfortable rooms, with ?
a piazza on all wides, and every con ve- !
nience in the house a family could desire. !
On the premises ar? fine out-buildings, :
such as Kitchens, Servants' Booma, Sta- ;
bles, Carriage House, Ac.
The ground attached consists of S4 acres
LAND, suitable for pasture and growing of
all kinds of grain; fin? Vegetable Carden,
For terms, applv at the Auction Room of
Messrs. LEVIN Av PEINOTTO, corner of
Assembly and Plain streets. Dec 14
Columbia to Charleston.
THE NEW and FIRST-CLASS LIGHT
DRAFT STEAMER GEORGE is now '
?irepared to make engagements to take
freight from Granby Landing to Charles- j
ton. All goods forwarded by this line will 1
be insured, if desired. Also, forwarded to
New Wirk, and advances made upon thu
same, if required.
Dec 14 Imo A. L. SOLOMON. Agent.
?ar Thc Abbeville Manner, Newberry;
Herald, Anderson Intelligences and Chester \
Standard will publish tho above for two
weeks, and send billi? to this office.
Just Received from New York
AND FOR SALE AT
L. C. ? L A B K E ' S,1
WA SUI NG 7 v f.. Z i : E E r,
A LARGE and fashionable assortment of
J\_ ORNAMENTS and TRIMMINGS for
Ladies'Dresses and Cloaks, consisting of
Bugles, Butterflies, Drops. Fancy Cords
and buttons, of every description and size;
Breakfast Shawls, Central Park Hoods, In?
fant's Socks, Ladies' Fancy Neck-Ties,
Ladies'Taney Neck-Ties, with fringe, Dress
Elevators, Belt Buckles and Clasps, Silk .
and Leather Belts, Belting Ribbons of all
colors and widths, Velvet Ribbon of all I
widths, Ladies' Scarfs, Collars and Cuffs,
Traveling Bags, Ladies' Embroidered ;
Handkerchiefs, Ladies' L. C. Randk r- j
chiefs, Genfs L. 0. Handkerchiefs, Gent's ;
Silk Handkerchiefs Ladies' (?loves and
Gauntlets, Gent's Buck Gloves, Skirt Brsid j
of all colors. Coat Bindings, Balmoral
Skirts, a large assortment of Hoop Sk'n ;, I
Ladies', Gent's, Youth's and Misses' Under !
Vests, Ladies' Flannel Skirts, Ladies'
large Double Shawls; a line assortment of
Perfumeries, Brown Windsor Soap, Tooth j
Soap, Toilet Powder, Boxes and Puffs, Hair
Brushes and Combs, Nail Brushes; a linc i
assortment of Dress Goods, at greatly !
reduced prices DcLaincs, black and Col'd !
Alpacas, Merinoes, Calicoes, Ac: Klack
Cloth and Cassimeres, Fancy Cassimores, ,
blankets. Umbrellas, P.I. ? IhirtingS, Pa?
per Cambric, Linen, Pluck and Colored
Dress Silks. Marcelin..' Silk. Ac. Dec 6
Only Five Days from New York !
JUST to think of tho NICE THINGS
brought out by thc Steamship Grenada,
expressly for Christmas.
25 boxes choice MALAGA. RAISINS.
25 " TURKEY FIGS-fine.
10 " CITRON.
1,000 lbs. FRENCH CANDIES.
200 lbs. CURRANTS, with any quantity
of SPICES, at POLLARD'S,
On Main street, centre of old brick Range.
Dec 10 34*
BOOTS, SHOES AND LEATHER.
THE subscribers hav?? just received
a general assortment of BOOTS and
.SHOES, consisting of: Gent's Single
and Doublc-sok-d BOOTS, (Philadelphia
make,) Balmorals, Gaiters, Bootees. Bro?
gans, Ac. Also, a fine lot of the very best
Baltimore OakS.de LEATHER. We will,
as usual, make to order all varieties of
Boots and Shoes, of the bent material and
workmanship, for cash only-a rule from
which there will be no exception.
J. A A. OLIVER,
Sumter at., botwoen Richland and Laurel
Dec 7 Imo*
O 3ES. 3D IES S? ,
WILL BE AT THE STORE OF
C. S. JENKINS,
ASSEMBLY STREET, NEXT MARKET.
Doc 9 Im?
ASITUATION as TUTOR, in a family
of five, six or eight children. All tho
English Branches and Latin and Greek (if
desired) taught. Apply at this office,
stating salary. References giren, if re?
quired. Dec 5 IS
Houses and Lot? and Bnilding Lots.
WILL bo sold, ak private ?alo, TEN
HOUSES and LOTS and BUILDING
LOTS, located in varioua parts of *be city;
nay on Main, Laurel, Richland, Oasmden,
Warne and Ladv streets. For particulars,
apply to * A. R. PHILLIPS,
Auction and Commission Agent.
Dec 19 5 Davis ARey.
" KEROSENE LAMPS, &C
OPENED THIS DAY. a new and beauti?
ful assortment of KEROSENE LAMPS,
for Stores, Parlors, Halls and Chambers.
KEROSENE OIL, WTCKS, CHIMNIBS,
SHADES, Ac. W. B. STANLEY,
Dec 2 Corn? Plaie ?ad Gatea sta.
Hon. W. F. DESAUSSURE. .'_Prosident.
Dr. JOHN FISHER.Treasurer.
F. W. MCMASTER.Actuary.
rilHIS Company has paid for losses to tho
I widows and orphans of the South near
$100,000. Its rates aro low and profits
regularly returned to tho insurers. For
further information and policies of insur?
ance, apply to the Actuary, No. 5 Law
Range, Columbia, S. C. Dec 9 Imo*
FIRE A.\D LIFE 1\?RA\CE,
H. E. NICHOLS, Agent,
IriOR tho following FIRST CLASS COM
The "Underwriter's Agency," the "Inter?
national," the "Metropolitan, the "Conti?
nental," the "Security." the "Home." the
'Columbia," the "Washington," the "Ful?
ton," the '-Croton," all of tho city of New
York; tho "Putnam" and the "New Eng?
land," of Hartford, Conn.; the "Home,"
of Now Haven, Conn.; the "Home" and
the 'Southern Insurance and Trust Com?
pany," of Savannah. Ga.; the "Albemarle,"
of Virginia, and the "Gulf State," of Fe?
rula. Also, the "Globe Life Insurance
Company," of New York; tho "New England
Mutual," of Boston; the "North Carolina
Mutual," of Raleigh, and the "Accidental,"
of Now York, injuring aga?ist accidents of
all kinds. The whole possessing an aggre?
gate capital of over
Risks taken on Cotton or Merchandize in
transito from any point to any point on
reasonable terms. .
ALL LOSSES PROMPTLY ADJUSTED.
Office at Mr. Hussung's house, corner of
Assembly and Washington stree ls, Colum?
bia, S. C. A-"? 15 I61"