Newspaper Page Text
Baily Paper $10 a Year.
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.
BY J. A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 18G5.
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year .
YOL. I-NO. 23(k
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN AD VA NC E.
Inserted at ?1 per square for the firs^ in?
sertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent.
One Ttar Ago.
What stars have faded from our ?ky,
What hopes unfolded but to die,
What dreams so fondly pondered o'er.
Forever lost thc hues they wore;
How like a death-knell, sad and slow,
Tolls through the soul "one year ago."
Where is thc face we loved to greet,
The form that graced the fireside seat,
Thc gentle smile, the winning way,
That blessed our pathway day by day?
Where fled those accents soft and low.
That thrilled our hearts "one year ago?*'
Ah, vacant is tbc fireside chair,
The smile that won no longer there;
From door and hall, from porch and lawn,
The echo of thc voice is gone;
And we who linger only know
How much was lost "one year ago.''
Beside her grave the marble white
Keeps silent guard by day and r.ight!
Serene she sleeps, m heeds the tread
Of footsteps o'er her lowly bcd!
Her pulseless breast no more may kno w
The pangs of life "one year ago'."'
But why repine? A few more years,
A few more broken sighs auk tears,
And we, enlisted with the dead.
Shall follow where her steps have lied.:
To that far world rejoicing go.
To which she passed "one year ago."
Prophecy about Christmas.
This year Christmas day fell on Monday,
of which event an old song prognosticates:
If Christmas dav on Monday be,
A great, winter that year you'll seo.
And full of winds both loud ami shrill;
But in the Summer, truth to tell,
Stern winds shall there be and strong,
Full of tempests and lasting long;
While battles tiny shall multiply,
And great plenty of beasts shall die;
He shall be found that stealth aught,
Though thou be sick thou diest not.
The winter has seen a new fashion in
ladies' dress in Paris. It consists in hav?
ing tito great coats which, in imitation of
the men, are now worn, fabricated partly
of one color, partly of another-the body,
for example, being black, and the sloaves
blue. At first veiw, tho contrast of colors
in one garment seems strange, but im?
proves on being looked at, and tho
fashion, consequently, will probably be?
A woman was found in tho streots of
New York hand-cuffed; she was taken to
thc station house, and her husband sent
for. The husband appeared and stated
that ho kept the hand-cuffs because his
wifp was an "ungovernable creature," and
having had a little disagreement in tho
morning, he bad put them on her. The
wife was released from thc station and the
The President has relieved Governor
Sharkey from the Provisional Government
of Mississippi, and has recognized Gover?
nor Humphreys as the head of affairs in
The Washington correspondent of tho
I/eraliJ. reports that Lieut. Gen. Grant will
leave for the Rio Grande innnediaaoly
after the holidays, in the llag-ship of thc
Gulf Squadron. "
The main portion of thc old frigate Mer?
rimac, with her propeller, weighing ten
tons, and thirty tons of composition, nave
been raised by D. A. Undcrdoren & Crt.,
and taken to tito Portsmouth Navy Yard.
Five men were suffocated at the Bremen
House, Chicago, on Saturday night, by
the gas escaping in the room where they
Brig. Gen. Trapier, of the late Con
federate'army, was found dead, in his bed,
in Georgetown, S. C., a few days ago.
City Fire Department.
A REGULAR MEETING of
the City Fire Department will
be held, at the usual place, TO
-MORROW (Monday) EVENING,
at 7 o'clock. A punctual attendance is so?
licited, as officers for the ensuing term are
to be elected. Members in arrear will take
notice and come forward prepared to pay
up orbe-. C. F. HARRISON,
Dec 31 Sci rotary.
NOur brethren from our sisterT>
.city have remembered us in onr fl?
poverty and sent us something acceptable.
STRAYED into my yard, a week
or ten days a?ro, ? dark mouse
_.coloredMULE, about fifteen hands
high, which tho owner can have by paving
expenses. RICHARD O'NEALE, Sn.
Wanted to Hire.
ACOMPETENT NURSE for a child a
year old; white or colored.
A first-rate Mouse Servant.
A first-rate Chambermaid.
Thc best recommendations required.
Ap dy at this ellice. Dec 21
ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE HE-ORGANIZATION OF THE MILITIA.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House, of Representatives, note met and
sitting in General Assembly, <oid by the. authority of the same, os follows :
I. The Governor shall be the Conimander-in-Chief of the Army and
Navy of the State, and of its Militia, except when called into the actual
service of th? United States.
II. In addition to his Staff, prescribed by law, ho may appoint and
commission ten Aids-de-Camp, to rank as Lieutenant-Colonels, and to be
removable at pleasure.
III. He may assemble the Militia, or any portion thereof, at such place
of rendezvous as he may deem fit.
IV. He and his suite, with their servants, horses mid carriages, when
travelling on official business, shall be exempt from thc payment of toll
at all chartered bridges, ferries and turnpike roads of the State.
V. The State of South Carolina shall be organized into five military
dividions, ten brigades, and forty-six regiments of infantry. Each division
shall consist of two brigades of infantry (besides cavalry). The first
division shall consist of the Judicial Districts of Greenville, Bickens,
Anderson, Abbeville and Edgefield ; ?md the first, second, third, fourth,
fifth, and forty-second regiments of infantry, sholl constitute the first
brigade of infantry; and the sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth ami tenth j
regiments of infantry, the second brigade. The second division shall
consist of the Judicial Districts of Barnwell, Lexington, (except the
Dutch Fork, between the Broad and Saluda Rivers, ) Orangeburg, Colie
ton, Charleston ami Beaufort; and the eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, four?
teenth, fifteenth, and forty-third regiments of infantry, shall constitute the
third brigade ; an! the sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth
regiments of infantry, the regiment of rifles, and the first re -?ment of
artillery, the fourth brigade. The third division shall consist o the Judi- j
cial Districts of Sumter, Clarendon, Richland, Kershaw, Lan. .ter, Fair?
field and Chester; aixl the twentieth, twenty-first, twenty-second, twenty
third and forty-fourth regiments of infantry, shall constitute the fifth
brigade ; and the twenty-fourth, twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth and twenty
seventh regiments of infantry, the sixth brigade. The fourth division shall
consist of the Judicial Districts of Chesterfield, Darlington, Marlborough,
Marion, "Williamsburg, Horry and Georgetown ; and thc twenty-eighth,
twenty-ninth and thirtieth regiments of infantry, shall constitute the
seventh brigade; and the thirty-first, thirty-second and thirty-third regi?
ments of infantry, the eighth brigade. The fifth division shall consist of
the Judicial Districts of York, Union, Spartanburg. Laurens, Newberry,
and that part of Lexington known as the Dutch Fork, between Broad and
Saluda Rivers ; and thc thirty-fourth, thirty-fifth, thirty-six$&, thirty
seventh and forty-sixth regiments of infantry, shall constitute the ninth
brigade ; and the thirty-eighth, thirty-ninth, fortieth, forty-first and j
forty-fifth regiments of infantry, the tenth brigade.
j VI. The boundaries, numbers and rank of the beats, battalions and
i regiments shall remain as at present established. !
VII. The divisions, brigades and regiments shall take rank according to
? their numbers, viz : The lowest in number shall be highest in rauk ; and
: officers of the division, brigade or regiment, lowest number, shall take
I rank of others of similar grade au i date of commission, of a division,
I brigade or regiment higher in number ; aud officers of equal grade and
! date of commission iu the same regiments, shall determine their rank in
j the regiment by lot, in the presence of tl e officer commanding it.
! VIII. The Brigadier-General, to whom representations shall be made
i of gross inequality or manifest inconvenience of boundary, between any
two or more adjoining beats, battalions or regiments, in his brigade, shall
appoint a board of commissioners, consisting of not less than five persons
from each of the beats, battalions or regiments liable to be effected by
the decision, whose duty it shall be to examine fully the complaints or
i representations so made, and to make a decision, cither in favor of the
existing, or such new boundaries, as to them shall seem proper, which,
when approved and announced in orders by the Brigadier-General, shall
IX. Euch regiment, battalion and company shall have a place of rendez?
vous, and no regiment rendezvous shall be changed, except by the
concurrence of all the field officers of the regiment. No battalion rendez?
vous shall be changed, except by thc concurrence of the Lieutenant
Colonel, or Major, and ali the Captains commanding companies of such
battalion, with the approval of the Colonel commanding the regiment to
which such battalion belongs ; and no company rendezvous shall be
changed, except by the concurrence of at least three-fourths of all the
persons in such company liable to perform ordinary Militia duty, and with
the approval of the Lieutenant-Colonel or Major commanding the bat?
talion to which such company belongs ; but notliiifg herein contained
shall be construed to preven*, the Commander-in-Chief, or Major-General,
or Brigadier-General, from assembling any portion of the Militia at such
place as cither of them may deem proper.
OFFICERS AND THEIR DUTIES.
X. There shall be to the Militia of this State one Adjutant and Inspec?
tor-General, with the rank of Brigadier-General. He shall be elected by
joint ballot of both branches of the Legislature, to continue in office for
four years from the date of his commission. He shall be perpetually
re-eligil<le, and shall take rank from the date of his first commission, so
long as he continues to be consecutively elected. There shall be one
Quartermaster-General, with the rank of Colonel ; one Judge-Advocate
General, one Commissary-General of Purchases, one Commissary-Gen?
eral of Issues, and one Physician and Surgeon-General, with the ranks
respectively of Lieutenant-Colonel ; and ono Apothecary-General, with the
rank of Major ; who shall be appointed and commissioned by tbe Com?
mander-in-Chief. The above officers, with tho Aids, shall constitute tho
stat! of the Commander-in-Chief.
XI. There shall be to each division one Major-General, with the follow?
ing staff, viz : One Division Adjutant and Inspector-General, with the rank
of Colonel ; one Division Quartermaster-General, and three Aids-de-Camp,
with the ranks of Major respectively ; who shall be appointed by and
receive their commissions hom thc Major-General, subject (except bis
Aids-de-Camp,) to the approval of the Governor.
XII. There shall be to each brigade one Brigadier-General, with the
following staff, viz : One Brigade Adjutant and Inspector-General, with
the rank of Major ; ono Brigade Quartermaster-General, and two Aids-de
Camp, with the rank of Captain respectively ; and one Brigade Chaplain ;
who sholl be appointed by, and those entitled to receive commissions,
shall receive them hom, the Brigadier-General, subject (except his Aids
de-Camp,) to the approval of thc Major-General.
XIII. There shall be to each regiment one Colonel, one Lieutenant -
I Colonel, one Major, and thc following stall, viz : One Adjutant, one
Quartermaster, and one Assistant Surgeon, each with the rank of First
Lieutenant ; one Surgeon, with the rank of Captain ; one Sergeant-Major,
one Quartermaster-Sergeant, one Chaplain, and two Chief Musicians ; the
regimental staff shall be "appointed by, and, those entitled to commissions,
shall receive them from, the Colonel of the regiment ; the commissioned
staff subject to the approval of the Brigadier-Genernl.
XIV. There shall be to each company one Captain, one First Lieuten?
ant, two Second Lieutenants, five Sergeants, six Corporals, two Musicians,
and one Clerk ; the non-commissioned officers, Musicians and Clerk, shall
be appointed by tiie Captain or commander of the company.
XV. All officers entitled to military rank shall be commissioned and
(except the Adjutant and Inspector-Generals and the Aids-de-Carnp of the
Commander-in-Chief, of the Major-Gencrais, and of the Brigadier-Gen?
erals.) shall hold their offices during pleasure ; and no officer shall be
deprived of his commission except by Act of General Assembly, or by
sentence of a court-martial. The Aids-de-Camp above-mentioned,, and
all other persons attached to the division, brigade or regimental staff", not
entitled to military rank, shall be removable from office at the pleasure of
the officer making the appointment ; and their appointments shall termi?
nate whenever the commission of the officer making the appointment shall
XVI. No officer of the Quartermaster-General's or Physician and Sur?
geon-General's department shall be entitled to or shall exercise any mili?
tary command in the line ; but such officers may be appointed on boards,
councils and courts-martial, and shall lake their seats at the same.iccord
ing to the rank assigned them by this Act, and shall discharge the duties
of such appointment.
XVII. Every commissioned officer shall, before he enters upon the
duties of his office, and within sixty days after his election or appointment,
take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit : " I do swear
(or affirm,) that I mn duly qualified, according to the Constitution of this
State, to exercise the office to which I have been appointed ; and that I
will, to the best of my ability, discharge the duties thereof, and preserve,
protect and defend the Constitution of this State, and that of the United
States. So help me God." And any officer who shall neglect or refuse
to take it within the time prescribed shall forfeit his commission, and
snail be considered as having refused to accept such office, and shall be
liable to the penalties for such refusal to accept.
XV ILL Every officer authorized to issue a commission to any person
elected or appointed to any office in the Militia, is hereby authorized to
administer the oath of office to such person, and shall, before delivering
a commission to any person, either administer the oath to such person,
or shall receive from such person the oath duly sworn to and subscribed
before sonic person authorized to administer an oath ; and, in either case,
shall endorse and certify the ?uime upon such commission.
XIX. A Major-General shall be elected by the commissioned officers of
the division, including the division staff in which the vacancy shall occur.
No person shall be eligible to the office of Major-General unless he shall,
at the time of his election, reside in the division, and hold a commission
with the rank of or above a Major, and shall have held a commission of
or above the rank of Captain for at least twelve months next preceding
the election. When any vacancy shall take place in the office of Major
General, the Commander-in-Chief, for the time being, shall issue his orders
to the several Brigadier-Generals, or Officers commanding brigades in the
division in which such vacancy shall happen, requiring them to order each
Colonel or officer commanding a regiment, in their respective brigades, to
hold au election in their respective regiments for a Major-General, to fill
such vacancy ; and the Colonels or officers commanding regiments as
aforesaid, shall post up a notice of the time and place of such election, at
least fifty days before the day of election, at three public places within
the limits of their respective regiments, and on the day of election shall
order to their assistance the two commandants of battalions, or anv two
commissioned officers of their respective regiments, at the place? appointed,
and bold a poll from eleven o'clock A. M. to three o'clock P. M., count
the votes, and forthwith transmit to their respective Brigadier-Generals,
Ol' officers commanding brigades, a statement, in writing, showing the
result of said poll, certified by them and their respective assistants ; aim
the Brigadier-Generals, or officers commanding brigades, shall immediately
transmit to the Adjutant-General's office, at Columbia, ?1 certified state?
ment, in writing, showing the result of the polls in their respective
brigades; and thc Commander-in-Chief shall pronounce the person having
the greatest number of votes (if there be no contest) duly elected, and
shall commission him accordingly. When the election of Major-General
is contested, the same .shall be tried by a board of officers appointed by
the Commander-in-Chief, to consist of one Major-General, one Brigadier
General, aud three field officers, from whose decision there may be an
appeal to the Commander-in-Chief, and his decision shall be final and
conclusive, and lie shall order another election, or shall commission the
person duly elected, agreeably to the decision and approval aforesaid.
XX. It shall be the duty of each Major-General to superintend and
preserve the military organization of Iiis division, and enforce strictly
within the same the Militia and Patrol Laws of this State ; he shall, from
time to time, make such reports and returns of his division as may be
required of him by the Commander-in-Chief ; he shall attend a review and
drill of each regiment of his division at least once in two years, and shall
be responsible for the correct instruction and good order of his division ;
he shall order and be responsible for the due execution of such inspections
as may be required by law, and shall obey and execute all orders from the
XXL A Brigadier-General shall be elected by the commissioned officers
of the brigade and division stall'officers residing in the brigade in which
the vacancy shall occur. No person shall be eligible tu the office of
Brigadier-General unless he shall, at the time of his election, reside in the
brigade, and have held a cominis; on of or above the rank of Captain for
atjeast twelve months next preceding the election. When any vacancy
shall take place in the office of Brigadier-General, the Major-Genend, or
officer commanding the division in which such vacancy shall happen,
shall forthwith issue his orders to the Colonels or officers commanding
the regiments of the said brigade, to hold, in their respective regiments,
au election for a Brigadier-General to fill such vacancy ; and the Colonels,
or officers commanding regiments, shall post ap a notice of the tina? and
place of such election, at least forty days before the day of election, at
three public places within the limits of their respective regiments, and on
the day and at the place of election shall order to their assistance the
commandants of battalions, or any two co'mmissioned officers of their
respective regiments, and hold a poll, from eleven o'clock A. M. to three
o'clock P. M., count the votes, and forthwith transmit to the Major
General, or officer commanding the division, a statement, in writing,
showing the result of said poll, certified by them and their assistants ; and
tho Major-General, or officer commanding the division, shall pronounce