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title: 'The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, December 31, 1865, Image 4',
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a saddle, bridle, halter, martingales, crupper, valise and spurs, and
mounted upon a serviceable horse, at least fourteen-and-a-half hands high ;
the uniform to be submitted to and approved by the Major-General, or
officer commanding the division to which such company may belong; and
if at any subsequent inspection any company of cavalry shall not contain
one Captain, three Lieutenants, four Sergeants, four Corporals, and
twenty-four privates, fully equipped, armed and mounted, as above, and i
shall not recruit to that number within six months after notice to fill up j
its ranks, given to the commander of such company, then such company
shall be dissolved and the commissions of the officers vacated.
LX. "Whenever there shall be but one company of cavalry within tho
limits of any infantry brigade, the Brigadier-General, or officer com?
manding such brigade, shall attach such company to one of the regiments
of infantry or artillery of his brigade, and such company shall be subject
to, and obey the orders of, the officer commanding such regiment of
infantry or artillery.
LXL Whenever there shall be more than one, and less than four com?
panies of cavalry, or mounted companies raised, or that may be raised,
under the proclamation of the Provisional Governor, within the limits of
any brigade, such companies shall l)e organized by the officer commanding
such brigade into-a battalion of cavalry, attached to such brigade, nud
subject to, and shall obey the orders of, thc officer commanding such
LXLT. Whenever there shall be four or more companies of cavalry
within the limits of any infantry brigade, such companies shall be organ?
ized by the officer commanding such brigade into a regiment of cavalry,
which regiment shall have the number and corresponding rank of the bri?
gade in which it is raised, and the officers thereof shall take rank of all
officers of similar grade and date of commission in any regiment higher in
number; But no regiment shall consist of more than eight companies.
LXIII. Whenever there shall bc two regiments of cavalry in a division,
such regiments shall be organized, by the officer commanding such divi?
sion, into a brigade of cavalry, which brigade of cavalry shall take the
number and corresponding rank of such division, and the officers thereof
shall take rank of all officers of similar grade and date of commission in
any brigade higher in number.
LXIV. Each battalion or squadron of cavalry shall consist of not less
than two, or more than four companies ; and it shall be the duty of the
Colonel, or officer commanding a-regiment of cavalry, to arrange thc com?
panies of his regiment into battalions, as equal as practicable.
LXV. Whenever there shall be but one regiment of cavalry in any
division, such regiment^shall be attached to and form a part of tho
brigade in which such regiment is raised, and shall be subject to, and
obey the orders of, the officer commanding such brigade.
LXVI. There shall be, to each brigade, regiment, battalion and com?
pany of cavalry, the same number and grade of officers and non-commis?
sioned officers allowed to the infantry, who shall respectively perform the
duties heretofore prescribed.
LXVII. Elections for officers in the cavalry shall be ordered, advertised
and conducted ; the same eligibility to office, and the same qualifications
in the voters required ; all appointments made, and the persons elected
or appointed to ollice commissioned, in the same manner as in the
infantry ; no person in thc artillery or infantry shall be eligible to office,
or entitled to vote for any officer in the cavalry ; and no person in any
organized brigade of cavalry shall be eligible to office, or entitled to vote
in any brigade of infantry; and no person in any organized regiment,
battalion, or company of cavalry, shall be eligible to office, or entitled to
vote for any officer in any regiment, battalion or company of infantry or
LXVTJLE. Whenever any battalion or squadron of cavalry shall be
reduced below two companies, it shall be dissolved, and the commission
of the Lieutenant-Colonel or Major thereof shall be vacated ; whenever
any regiment of cavalry shall be reduced below four companies, it shall
be dissolved, and the commissions of the Colonel and star! officers thereof
shall be vacated ; whenever either of the regiments comprising a brigade
of cavalry shall be dissolved, such brigade, shall be dissolved, and thc
commissions of the Brigadier-General and staff be vacated.
LX1X. If any collision shall arise between the cavalry and the infantry,
within any division in which a brigade of cavalry shall be organized, il
shall be the duty of the Major-General to determine the case ; and if an\
such collision shall occur within ray brigade of infantry, in which thc
cavalry shall not form a part of an organized brigade of cavalry, it shah
be determined by the Brigadier-General of infantry; the parties in thc
former case have the right of appeal to the Commander-in-Chief, and it
the latter to the Major-General of the division.
LXX. Each Colonel of cavalry shall attend a muster, and instruct eacl
company of his regiment, at least once in every two years; and eacl
Lieutenant-Colonel and Major of cavalry shall attend a muster, anc
instruct each company of their respective battalions, at least once in everj
LXXL There shall not be more than one volunteer company of artillery
to each regiment of infantry, except in thc fourth brigade, and it shall bi
attached to the regiment in which it is raised ; and such company shal
consist of one Captain, four Lieutenants, four Sergeants, four Corporals
and at least forty privates; and any company that shall not consistai tin
number of officers, non-commissioned officers and privates aforesaid, ii
full uniform, and shall not recruit to that number, within six month
after notice to the commander thereof to fill up its ranks, shall be dis
solved, and the commissions of its officers shall be vacated.
LXXII. Each corps of artillery throughout tho State, shall be allowei
the sum of thirty-seven dollars and fifty cents for each piece of artiller
fully manned anti regularly exercised by the said corps, for the purpose o
defraying the expenses of the same, to be drawn from the Treasury b;
order of the commanding officer of thc said corps, countersigned by th
commanding officer of the regiment or battalion to which the said compan;
may be attached, stating the number of pieces so manned and exercised a
above: Provided, The sum so tobe drawn shall in no case exceed th
sum of two hundred and twenty-live dollar-,.
LXXI1I. There maybe to each regiment of infantry as many voluntee
companies of light infantry or riflemen as practicable; such companic
shall consist of one Captain, one First Lieutenant, and t wo Second Lim
tenants, five Sergeants,-six Corporals, and not more than eighty-six nc
less than forty privates, in full uniform, and such uniform shall b
submitted to and approved by the commander of the brigade to wine
such company belongs; whenever any such company shall be reduce
below the number of officers, non-commissioned officers and privates, i
full uniform, above required, and shall not recruit to such number withi
six months after notice to its commander to fill np its ranks, it shall the
be dissolved, and the commissions of its officers vacated.
LXXIV. No volunteer company of light infantry or riflemen sha
consist of nore than one Captain, three Lieutenants, four Sergeants, foi
Corporal* two Musicians and eighty-six privates. Each non-commission*
ollie", r, Musician and private of a volunteer company shall be furnished 1
^ the commanding officer thereof, with a certificate of membership, and
shall be evidence of exemption from Militia duty in the beat company i
which he shall reside; but no such certificate shall be given, nor sut
exemption allowed in tho beat company, until such person, alleging h
membership of a volunteer company, snail be uniformed and equippi
according to law; and any officer who shall knowingly give a false cert.il
cate of membership, shall be court-martialed, convicted and cashiered, ar
shall forever be deprived of becoming a member of any volunteer cor
LXXV. Volunteer companies may adopt a constitution and set of by
laws, not conflicting with the general law, and enforce the same by fi
needful rules and regulations; and hold company courts-martial, to 1
composed of a majority of the commissioned officers, for the trial i
offences created by such constitution and bye-laws; and to collect 1
process of execution, to be issued by the presiding officer thereof, all fines
and penalties imposed by such courts-martial. Such process shall be
executed by the Sheriff of the District -wherein the person fined resides,
and a return thereof be made by the said Sheriff to the Captain of said
company, within three months after the same may have been lodged in
his office. In every other respect, the said courts-martial shall bc subject
to the law in regard to regimental courts-martial.
LXXVL A beat company shall not be reduced, by the raising of any
volunteer company, below the aggregate of twenty-five men, including
officers, non-commissioned officers and Musicians; and when any beat
company shall, from any canse, become reduced below the aggregate of
twenty men, and there shall be any one liable to do ordinary Militia duty
residing therein, and claiming to be a member of any volunteer company,
the commanding officer of the fermer shall require the commander of the
latter to transfer to him a sufficient number of men residing therein to
make uj> the number of twenty men, even if it should take all the members
of such volunteer company that shall reside in such beat, and they shall
become members cf said company; such requisitions shall bc made upon
the different corps in thc following order, to wit: First, upon the artillery;
second, upon thc light infantry and riflemen; and, lastly, upon the
IJXXVII. The commanding officer of a volunteer company objecting
to such requisition shall, within twenty days thereafter, make the same
in writing to the commander of the regiment to which the beat belongs,
who shah determine the validity of such objections ; and either party
may appeal, in case thc requisition be made upon a company of cavalry
forming a part of a brigade of cavalry, to the Major-General of the divi?
sion, and, in all other cases, to the Brigadier-General of the brigade to
which such company belongs, and the decision of the Major-General, in
the former, and the Brigadier-General, in the latter case, shall be conclu?
sive. If the commander of a volunteer company shall neglect or refuse
.to comply with such requisition, and shall not, within twenty days there?
after, make his objections thereto as aforesaid, the commanding officer of
the beat company shall enroll in his coman thype names of persons resid?
ing therein, and belonging to such volunteer company, and have them
warned thereof, and they shall perform Militia duty in such beat com?
pany : Provided, That no such enrollment shah exceed more than a suffi?
cient number to make the aggregate of twenty-five men.
LXXVT1I. No member of any volunteer company shall leave it, unless
he shall have given at least six months notice, in writing, of such intention,
to the commander thereof, and shall forthwith enroll himself in the beat
company in which he resides, or become a member of some other volun?
teer company, and produce a certificate thereof, from the commander of
such company, or unless he shall have accepted of au offico inconsistent
with the membership of such company.
LXXIX. When any volunteer company shall be dissolved, each member
thereof shall forthwith enroll himself in the beat company in which he
jesides, or shah become a member of some other volunteer company ;
and every person that shall neglect or refuse to do so shall be fined in
double the amount for which be should have been liable if he had been
regularly enrolled, and made default for each muster of the beat company
that shall occur after such dissolution and before his enrollment.
LXXX. Officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of volunteer
companies shall perform the same duties, and be liable to the same fines
and penalties, as other officers, non-commissioned officers and privates o?
the Militia ; and if any such company shall be called into service by the
Commander-in-Chief of this State, and shall refuse to go as a whole com?
pany, it shall be forthwith dissolved, and each member so refusing to go
into service shall be forever deprived of becoming a member of any vol?
LXXXI. Any officer of any volunteer company who shall make a false
muster of his company, with the intention to deceive any officer whose
duty it may be to inspect such company, or shall knowingly make any
false representation to such officer concerning the number of men in bit
company, or their uniforms, arms or eijuipiuents. shall, upon conviction
by a court-martial, be cashiered and forever deprived of becoming a mem?
ber of any volunteer company.
LXXXll. Thc Adjutant and Inspector-General, and the officers of hif
department, under Lhis orders, shall hereafter inspect all volunteer com?
panies, and shall report thc reception and dissolution of any company ti
the Brigadier-General, and no other officer shall have authority to rtceivc
or dissolve such company ; when the reception or dissolution of a com
pany'of cavalry shall affect the organization of a brigade of cavalry, il
shall be reported to the Major-General of the division.
LXXXI1I. Volunteer companies shall elect their own officers ; and nt
member of such company shall be entitled to vote at any election for ar
officer of a beat company.
LXXXIY. The Commander-in-Chief shall have power to order courts
martial for the trial of any officer, non-commissioned officer, Musician,
private or fatigue-man of the Militia of this Stale ; and the several officer!
commanding divisions, brigades or regiments shall have power to onie:
courts-martial for the trial of any officer, non-commissioned officer
Musician, private or fatigue-man of the respective divisions, brigades o:
regiments ;. and the comnlander of a battalion ol' artillery or ca vally, no
forming a part of an organized regiment cf cavalry, shall have power t<
order courts-martial for the trial of any officer, non-commissioned officer
Musician or private in his battalion. The officer ordering a court-martin
shall detail an officer to act as Judge-Advocate of the same.
LXXXV. A court-martial, for the trial of any commissioned officer
shall consist of not less than five, or more than thirteen commissions
officers; for the trial of a Major-General, it shall consist of at least on
Major-General, two Brigadier-Generals, ami the other members of th
court shall be officers above the rank of Captain ; for the trial of a BrigadlGi
General, it shall consist of at least one officer of the rank of Brigadier-Gen
eral, and the other members of the court shall bo above the rank <;
Captain ; for the trial of a Colonel, a Lieutenant-Colonel and Major, o
any staff officer of their respective rank, it shall consist of at least on
officer not under their respective ranks, and the other members therec
officers not under the rank of Captain; for the trial of a Captait
Lieutenant, or any staff" officer of their respective rank, shall consist of a
least one officer not under the rank of Major, and the other members c
the court shall be commissioned officers ; and for the trial of a non-con
missioned officer, Musician, private or fatigue-man, shall consist of at lea:
three commissioned officers.
LXXXVI. It shall bc the duty of each Major commanding a battalio
of artillery or cavalry, not forming a part of an organized regiment t
cavalry, to order courts-martial, which shall meet at least once in ever
four months, at sonni convenient place within the limits of such battalion
and shall try all non-commissioned officers, Musicians and privates of tl;
battalion for their default in any duty required by law ; he shall report t
the officers of tho brigade, to which such battalion is attached, every offic?
thereof who shall disobey ?HIV order, or not perform the duty require
LXXXVIL The officer authorized to order a court-martial shall ab
have power to appoint supernumeraries, as well as the members of sut
court, and the former shall supply the vacancies occasioned by the absenc
inability or incompetency of thc latter ; but such court shall not bc con
posed of supernumci-aries below the rank required by law to constitute i
LXXXVI!!. The aiding Judge-Advocate ol a court-martial shall admii
ister to each witness, before allowed to give evidence, the following oat!
to wit : You swear the evidence you shall give in the case now in bearii:
shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. So be]
LXXXLX. Any person may send his excuse or defence in writing
sworn to before some person authorized to administer such oath, toar
court-martial convened for his trial, and it shall be received and acted c
by the court, unless it shall deem his personal attendance necessary to s
"THE CODE."-Thc Acts passed by thc
Legislature relativo to the freedmen, for
sale at this office. Trice 20 cents; by mail
NEW YEAH S GUTS.-We call attention to
tho advertisement of Mr. M. M. Cohen.
His "Brandt Kisses" aro said to bo tho
''argest and sweetest kisses in the confec?
tionery line. His "doll heads" are in tho '
latest, style of thc fashion-"waterfalls"
and all _^ _
REXJOIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.-Trinity
Cburcl -Rev? P. J. Sband, 10.J a. m. and
3J p. rr
Presl terian Church-Rev. Dr. Howe,
10.} a. n and 3} p. ra.
Baptibt Church-Rev. J. L. Reynolds,
10} a. m Rev. W. T. Capers, 3} p. lu.
St. Tc *. -'s Church-Rev. J. J.'o'Connell,
10J a. m. ? id 3} p. m.
Luther .n Church-Rev. A. B. Rude, 10}
Marion Street Church -Rev. E. G. Gage,
10} a. m. and 3.J p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call
ted to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
Meeting ('itv Eire Department.
Clarkson & Talley- Night Sales.
Melvin M. Cohen-New Year Gifts.
" " -Brandt's Kisses.
Richard Caldwell-15c. Sugar.
Lawrence, Brothers ?V Co.-Brokers.
Mr. Davidson's Classical .School.
Mrs. G. T. Mason-School Notice.
Gen. Ames-General Orders No. 4.r>.
" " -General Orders No. 4G.
C. H. Baldwin-Fresh Goods.
Proposals for Erecting a Market.
ARE THEY Gorse?-V.re refer, reader, to
your teeth.' Be careful. Next to your eyes,
your teeth ari' the most precious of your
"facial organs. Use the Fragrant Sozodont.
lt will at once arrest decay and prevent
what are now hut UK re specks from hoing
orifices. In brief, it will save and beautify
your teeth; and it is the only thing that
can save them. Reflect on this. t
Notice to Builders.
SEALED PROPOSALS for the e rection of
a PERMANENT MARKET will be re?
ceived by thc Committee on Market, until
THURSDAY, January 4, 1866. Bidders
must name their sureties. Plan and speci?
fication can be seen at the office of Messrs.
Kay & Hcwetson. JOHN STORK,
W. A. HARRIS.
AV M. ti LAZE.
i)ec_:il 1_JAS. G. GIBBES.
"MRS. G. T. MASON
I)ROPOSES to open, the second MON?
DAY in January, at her residence on
Sumter street, ahovc Richland street, a
DAY SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES. All
the English Branches, together with French
and Music on the Piano, taught. Particu?
lar attention given to Mathematics. From
her experience as a teacher, Mrs. Mason
earnestly desires to merit the confidence of
parents and guardians. For terms, apply
as above. Dee :!1 (J
MR. DAVIDSON'S "
THE first scholastic quarter
?flBk Of I860 begins on MONDAY, 8th
. ' . '?' :nary. Tho usual English
^TFJB?k Branches, the Classics and
jjH^pF French are taught. Students
<?s^ prepared for the University of
South Carolina. Terms $15 a quarter in
currency. For ether information, apply to
J?S. WOOD DAVIDSON, A. M.,
Dec 31 1* At Dr. John Fisher's.
i k M K E 8 S ,
JSTO. 16 WALL STREET, NEW YOEE.
(GOVERNMENT SECURITIES AND
T other STOCKS, BONDS, GOLD, Ac,
bought and sold on commission for cash.
DEPOSITS received from Banks, Bank?
ers, Merchants and others, subject to chock
on sight. COLLECTIONS made on all
parts of the United States.
DEWITX C. LAWRENCE. JOHN R. CECIL.
CYRUS J. LAWRENCE. WM. A. HALSTED.
Fresh Goods !
3 TIERCES NEW PURE LEAF
SBHC 1 *icrcc BREAKFAST BACO>2i
3 tierces ncw FIG HAMS.
Fancy, Butter, Wine and Soda Cracker?.
Choice Orange County Butter.
Choice Cutting Cheese.
Crushed, A and C Sugars.
Several of the ab ?ve ?tenis for sale at
REDUCED PRICES by
C. H. BALDWIN,
At old stand of Allen & Dial.
Dec Pl _ 2
JUST received, another supply of LU
BRICATING and BURNING OILS, as
? follows, viz:
Barrel-. Winier SPERM OIL.
.' St rail's
' <. Neatsfoot "
i " Tajwors'
f KW)sene "
' \nd for sale by the gallon or barrel, at fair
mices, hy C. H. BALDWIN,
Dec 3l"2 At old stand of Allen & Dial.