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Wednesday Morning, Jan. 3, 1866.
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\This is a. subject, which, owing to
the change which bas occurred inpux
a^ictiltu system ox labor, must
hereafter engage the people of the
* South. With free water power, na
.Hural and fertile resources; even cot?
ton hasoiot been -jnantifactured-the
staple grown right by thc side of this
water power has mat, been manufac
? tured* to any great extent. The
Richmond 'Dispatch,' in commenting
?pon this, says that Georgia has, per?
haps, ^ione more than | any other
^ Southern State iii the manufacture of
coarse cotton cloths, and has exhibit?
ed generally a creditable degree of
energy in various departments of
manufacturing enterprise. Large
amounts of money havfs been raised,
and great efforts made, for twenty
o years, in South Carolina, to establish
factories at various points in that
State, but without much success.
They even went so far as to bring
. "ueratives from New England ; but
the expci^Qjjt proved a failure. The
war swept away %% last vestige from
that unfortunate? State. Kor- has
there ever been manuf?cturing, to
any great Texfcent, in the planting
States of the Gulf. ? story is told
in the South of a planter'near the
Savannah river who hauled his cotton
by team from his plantation to the
. river, down which if was sent to
Savannah on a boat, from which, in
time, it was sent by steamship to
New York, whence it was transported
by railroad to some town in the in
* terior of New England, where it was
manufactured into cloth, after which
it was returned by railroad-to New
York, shipped back again to Savan
nahjicarried up the river, and then
I hauled by team to the plantation
from whioh it originally came, where
it was finally used fof shirting for the
It was ncfb for the want of either
machinery, kapital, or motive power,
thdt9 this singular state of things
existai. TMe planter believed it was
more proMable to' devote his re
^^??jj?^i^J the production of the
0o his manufactured
Hb. Nor was slave
Tlic Rad?cula Against Gen. Grant.
A Washington correspondent writes
that Gen. Grant has given ?aorta!
offence to the Radical Republicans
by his report on the. condition of the
Southern States, which accompanied
the President's recent message. Mr.
"Washburn's bill, to ravive the grade
of General in order to raise General
Grant to the rank, will, therefore, it
is said, meet with a fierce opposition.
Gen. Grant, it is said, has alreadj
been smothered with honors. The
rank of Lieutenant-General, held
only by Washington, ought to satisfy
the ambition of any man. With an
army of a million men, the late war
has been successfully ended under a
Lieutenant-General ; a peace estab?
lishment of 50,000 men, therefore,
cannot require a higher grade. Great
pains are taken, also, to show that in
? his recent tours all over the country,
in which Gen. Grant was actuated by
i persoual vanity, and was intoxicated
by the incense of flattery, that he
might, if he chose, have escaped the
crowds and the adulation, by wearing
plain clothes, instead of going about
adorned with tinsel and attended by
a brilliant staff. And it is said, finally,
that he is fishing for the Democratic
nomination of the Presidency. The
Republican is the organ of these at?
tacks, and while professing unbound?
ed admiration of the Oen?ral, pitches
into him thus:
' 'The bill proposes that when tho
offiee of General shall become vacant
by death or otherwise, then the act
shall expire and the office bo abolish?
ed. One cannot escape the conclu?
sion, if they would, that the bill is
simply a personal one, for this ap?
pears on its face as plainly as if it was
written. A bill to raise the salary of
the Lieutenant-General and his stan"
until he dies, or is elected President
of the United States, and then the
reasonable inference is that there is
no man fit to become general after
him. He has received honors enough
surely to satisfy the grasping ambition
of a Caesar, and we cannot believe
that he desires to play the role either
of the first or second Napoleon."
The fact is, Gen. Grant has spoken
the truth, but truth and radiuuliam
have no fellowship.
Ia there any Prospect of a. War with
This question may be better an
su-orod by W. H. Soward than by any
one else; and he does so, we take it,
in the following ediborial^aji^kiir)
the New ^-o^^J??k
Tho Ilicl i mond Dispatch, speaking
of the split in the Republican party,
Thc radical party of thc United
States carries within itself the seeds
of a speedy dissolution. It may live
long enough to do much mischief,
but the period of its duration must
naturally be short. No party which
comes into power upon a single idea
can long retain its ascendancy. No
destructive party can long continue to
exist. The so-called Republican
party is both a one-ideaed and a de?
structive party. Its one idea is the
negro; its general policy is the over?
throw of the Constitution; not by
revolution, open and with arms, but
by legislation. Mr. Stevens, who is
the leader of that party in the House,
is bold and-impetuous enough, but,
altogether, wants discretion. He has
avowed his object too soon and too
openly. The majority, even of the
Northern people, have a respect for
the Constitution. They will not con?
sent to alter it so entirely that the
very men who made it would not
know it again, in order that Mr.
Stevens and his party maybe enabled
to keep the Democratic party out of
office. This is what he proposes as
the object of all the legislation which
he has introduced. Even were the
legislation of itself beneficial, the
people would not give it their sanc?
tion when they understood the mo?
tive. The end of all legislation
should be the benefit of the country.
Any end of less importance will not
justify any system of legislation. Mr.
Stevens proposes to make tho reign
of his party perpetual; and for this
purpose he makes use of the powei
temporarily placed in his hands.
Legislation for the purpose of se?
curing power to the party passing th?
laws never has been successful in this
country, and never will be.
In order to secure the object-tilt
continuance of the power and plun?
der in their own hands-these .mer
do not hesitate to tear down auj
portion of the Constitution when it
happens to come in their way. Thej
resemble an engineer who should
tear down half the houses in Bone
street or Broadway, in order to hav(
a straight track for his railway. Th<
monopoly of the Camden and Amboj
Railroad is annoying to some of th?
members. The remedy at onco pre
sents itself. Take away from th<
States the power of regulating th?
railways within their limits, and giv<
to tho General Government the powe:
of regulating the saine. The Consti
tutiou says all powers not expressb
granted by the States aro withheld
This power certainly is not granted
but what of that? Congress, like tin
an IM iBMrti
THE COTTON QUESTION-No TIMK
TO BE LOST.-Under this title the
Boston Journal, in speaking of the
probable great decrease of the cotton
cror>, informs the negro of the South
that he must go to work. It says:
But who believes that the product
of the coming year will be four or
five millions of - .des? Who can safely
reckon, as appearances at present in?
dicate, that it will bo one million of
bales? The time for planting is close
at hand. What is done at all for the
crop of 1866 must be done within a
few weeks, and yet the industrv of
tho cotton States is all in confusion;
capital has almost disappeared; tools
and implements aro wanting; the
laboring population is distrustful;
tho planters are discouraged; the old
order of things has passed away, tho
new has not been established; the
relations of master and slave have
ceased to exist, those of employer and
employee have not been announced
We cannot but wish that this ques?
tion of labor might take precedence
in Congress for the time being over
the other details of reconstruction.
We wish this for the sake of the
colored man; for existence comes be?
fore suffrage, and his status as a man
capable of labor and needing bread
is of more urgency to liim than his
recognition as a citizen; in fact, he
must be kept alive in order that he
may vote. While ?we aro calmly dis?
cussing political philosophy, he is
hastening to his grave; he implores
food, we promise him the ballot; he
claims our hearty and brotherly sym?
pathy, and we are dealing with him
as an abstraction to be reasoned upon
and quarrelled about.
CURSES COMING HOME TO ROOST.
The Boston Journal has been showing
the decline of commerce in Boston,
the chief port of Massachusetts. It
has fallen off $22,000,000, or nearly
one-third part, iu the past nine years;
and the Journal says :
"This decline in value has been
graduated through the period in?
dicated, and docs not seem to have
been greatly affected by the war.
"With an unsurpassed harlxir,
plenty of capital, enterprising and
industrious population, we are told
that the position of a first class com?
mercial city is slipping from the grasp
of its merchants."
CONFEDERATES m CANADA.-A cor?
respondent of the Cincinnati En?
quirer, writing from Toronto, Canada,
gives the following information con?
cerning several ConfcdcrjHKfficers:
THE INDIANS.-Half a million of
dollars haye already been appropriat?
ed by Congress for the support of in?
digent Indians during the winter.
Indian affairs have been so systema?
tized-within the past year, that there
ia every probability that the neody
red men will get a heavy proportion
of the money. Heretofore, agents,
commissioners and contractors have
been the principal beneficiaries of
monies so appropriated. Notwith?
standing the fact that this half a
million is expected to go so much
further than any like sum ever has
gone, it is not enough, and Congress
will be called upon to double it at an
early day. Estimates have been for?
warded to the Interior Department,
fixing $1,100,000 as the lowest pos?
sible figure at which we can purchase
the famine-imperilled lives of the na?
tives for the ensuing five months, or
until they can again gather crops.
Parties in "Washington, who have re?
cently been among the suffering
tribes, picture their condition as ter?
rible in the extreme, and say that,
in our overwhelming sympathy for
the freedmen, we are losing sight of
a much wider field for the exercise of
charity. Western members of Con?
gress, particularly, are waking up on
the subject; and the Eastern public,
who are supposed to know little, and
care less, about red-skins, will be
called upon to endorse liberal legis?
lation in their behalf.
A letter forwarded to the Secretary
of the Interior, from Gen. Stilly, of
date the 8th instant, says that there
are a large number of Indians assem?
bled at Fort Rice and elsewhere, on
the Missouri River, who are mani?
festing the most .?friendly feeling for
the whites, and are quite willing to
enter into the most liberal treaties.
Gen. Stilly remarks that he forwards
this information in order to give di?
rect contradiction to the newspapei
accounts of a contrary state of affairs
among the Indians of that section.
A delegation of four chiefs anti
braves of the Shawnee Indian tribe
arrived in Washington, to express tc
their Great Father the hope that h<
will make them some Christmas pre
sents, and use his influence with tin
Indian Bureau to liave their Kansai
reservation exchanged for another lo
cated further South. Scarcely i
month goes by without the arrival o
some of these "lords of the plains,'
to pay their respects at tlie Whit
House. They usually manage to bej
a few hundred dollars' worth of pre
sents, and, af ter a "big drunk, " clea
out for home, leaving the Govern
ment to pay the board bills.
[New Yuri: Herald.
GREELEY IN A GOOD HUMOR,
New York Tribune has a Cha^fl
'"THE CODE."-Tho Acts passed by tho
Legislature relative to tho freedmen, for '
sale at this office. Trice 20 cents; by mai!
CASH.-Oar terms for subscription, ad?
vertising and job "woik are cash. We hope
all parties will bear this in mind.
Tsa BuaniNO or COLOMBIA_An inter?
esting account of the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," has
ust been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the I'lucn?t steam power press. Orders
can bo filled to any extent.
A CASE DECIDED.-A landlord and tenant
case, which has created considerable inter?
est in this community, and which has been
on trial for two months, was terminated
yesterday in the Magistrate*? Court. It
was tho caso of A. M. Hunt YB, T. S. Min
ton, for holding over. The vordict was for
THE BRIDGES AGAIN.-Something should
bo done" by the city authorities with refer?
ence to the bridges about tho streota.
Tho planks, from numbers of them, havo
been partially torn up, making perfoct
traps for man and beast. We very much
fear that, ere long, wo will bo forced to
chronicle a serious accident from this
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call
tcd to the following advertisements, which
arc published this morning for the first
Scott & Heriot-Sozodont.
" " -Articles for Che Hair.
Supervisor Wanted for S. & TJ. Railroad.
Charlotte Railroad-Laborers Wanted.
" " -Schedule.
Communication Richland Lodge.
Jacob Bell-Citation D. B. DeSaussure.
M. McKenna-Corn for Sale.
EIGHTS OF SUFFRAGE FOE WOMEN.
Mesdames E. Cady Stanton, Lucy
Stone, and Susan* B. Anthony, all of
them ardent advocates of women's
rights, have addressed a petition to
Congress, asking an amendment of
the Constitution of the United States
that shall prohibit hereafter the States
resp, t'-vely from disfranchising any
of thc r citizens on the ground of
sex. They claim that 15,000,000 of
white women have quite as much
right to be invested with the suffrage
as 4,000,000 of blacks.
A train of six hundred bales of
cotton was lately seized by the mili?
tary authorities at Corinth, Miss.
Part of it belonged to General For?
rest, who was reported as having
been shot by the guard. Forrest is
now a partner of a cotton firm in
Memphis, and the statement of his
being' shot was probably a ruse to