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effect of the
ich all our Northern
believe will be
irmation of the
of the South. It
ave no weight
the New York
mblic ?H not at. the
nor is the Pre
ip n fir m the fact
?s wfe part and
with all their
umpairecTand their rights
res toured. In the face oF his solemn
officjiid declaration that the South is
entitled to full Congressional repre?
sentation, the Northern Radical Con?
gress coidd not long monopolize the
national legislation. There is a power
in popular opinion, when it supports
the policy of a popular Chief Magis?
trate, to which even fanaticism will
yield. Of course, Sumner and Stevens
will fume, the one venting his rage in
violent declamation, and the other in
the polished rhetoric of abuse; and
all manner of resolutions will be
adopted to intimidate, perplex and
discourage the President; but, at all
events, not even a Radical Congress
can vote States out of the Union,
that are recognized as within it by
the Federal Executive.
We hope and believe that the ene?
mies to the peace :<I''tiie?kitry and
welfare c? her peopiJTwill come
d be wofully defeated by
of the President and the
exercise of the Constidi?
vested in him.
OF A NEW COMET.-On
of the 5th instant, H. P.
Assistant paymaster United
navy, while at the observatory
Washington, discovered a new
omet. Mr. James Ferguson, assist?
ant astronomer, from observations
obtained, announces that the cornet
is round, of about two minutes of
the arc in diameter, with a slight
condensation at the couti e.
THE PROPOSER? L?OTTON CONVENTION.
The New York Chamber of Commerce
has decided against co-operating in a
movement to call together a national
convention to devise measures to in?
crease the production of cotton in the
United States, on the ground that its
cultivation is manifestly so important
and profitable that "the promptings
of personal interest will secure the
desired results," and that "this mo?
tive is already attracting the cap* tal
requisite to produce a large crop of
cotton for the ensuing year.
ere can be no question
ry man who is able to pay his
liabilities, and does not, should be
compelled by law to do so, and is, in
some manner, by the laws of every
State. But when a part}' is bank?
rupt, like many of the Southerners,
it is like reviving the obsolete absurd?
ity of the old law of imprisonment for
j debt to attempt to compel a man to pay
what he cannot. We have heard of
several instances in which Southerners
have come forward and without quib?
bling paid their Northern debts. No
doubt there are many others willing to
do so, and will when they are able.
The time is only procrastinated by the
unfriendly course of Northern radi?
cals in regard to the restoration of the
South. This is the true 'statute of
limitations' to which our New York
merchants should now direct their
This is good advice; there is not a
South Carolina merchant that wo
know of who is not willing to pay up
his Northern indebtedness as soon as
possible. The ' 'stay laws" passed by
several States, Smith, do not apply to
Northern creditors, as the latter may
sue in the United States District
Courts, as s?)on as they are estab?
lished. But, independent of this
view of the matter, we feel confident
that every debtor who is at all able
will promptly redeem his obligations.
There is no necessity for any law of
? Congress on the subject, and we have
i no idea that they will feel themselves
j bound to take any action on the snb
I ject. _ ^ ^ (_
The following resolutions were |
j adopted by a meeting of planters
i held at Kingstree :
! Resolved, That it is the duty of
planters to offer to their late slaves
liberal compensation for their labor,
so as to enable them to live in com?
That the interest of the comniuaity
! requires the immediate dismissal of
j such negroes as refuse to contract for
! the present year.
Tbat it is the sense of this meeting
that any land-owner renting land to
negroes to be worked free from the
control of himself or some responsi?
ble agent, is, iu the present condi?
tion of the negroes of this District,
pursuing a course ruinous to them,
and highly detrimental to the peace
of the community and the interest of i
That we bind ourselves not to in
fringe the letter and spirit of these
resolutions, and to discourage the in?
fringement by others as far as our
That the military authorities of this i
District be earnestly requested to '
render their assistance in carrying
out these resolutions.
You must tell some men a great
deal to learn them a little.
an expression of material sympathy, ,
though my powers of gratitude have
been almost daily taxed to thank
those who have, with so much heart
eloquence, plead with the President
for him who, though unsuccessful,
has given you all he could-his best
energies-and whose only hope of I
future happiness lies in the sweet,
trust, often expressed, that he has j
not lost your confidence und love, i
Ignorant of all which his own people j
have done for him in his painful
captivity, his devotion is unabated, j
"The unfortunate have always been!
deserted and betrayed, but did every !
man have less to complain of when |
he had lost the power to serve? The ',
multitude are silent ; who should they '
speak save to Him who hears best the |
words most secretly uttered? My
own heart tells me the sympathy
exists-that the prayers from the
family hearth are not hushed. Be
loving and confiding still to those
from whom I have received much
more than I deserve, far more official
honors than I ever desired. Those
for whose cause I suffer are not un?
worthy of the devotion of all which
I had to give." This is the message
of love which is sent through prison
gates to our own people. I say our
people, because both of tis have been
brought np with you, one of us was
born in Mississippi the other came to
her in infancy. These are my own
people, and it is a privilege of which
no change of circumstances can de?
prive me. To the accepted prayers !
of our widows and orphans, our |
suffering but heroic women, our j
brave and true men, our innocent
Little children, I look for the restera
tion to my little children of their
agonized but Christian father. If a
merciful Providence so ordain it, we
hope to live and die among you,
mutually consoling and bearing each
others' burdens. I pray God we may
not be driven forth from the home of
our childhood, "for how can we sing
our own song in a strange land?"
We would not have our dear friends
betrayed by their sympathy into
offering for our use too much from
their own "basket and store. " land
mine have, so far, been miraculously
cared for and shielded from waut.
We seem eyer environed by the love
which is reflected upon ns from that
which lighted my husband in his
dungeon-softened his prison walls
with sunny pictures of loving eyes
and outstretched arms.
Grief and gratitude seem to impose
upon me silence. I would, but cannot
say more. I will enclose within this
note the names and directions of
gentlemen to whom the contributions
of which you speak may be enclosed.
And instead of the eloquent voice
rr hi ch ?o oiten has poured forth his
love to his dear people, now mute, I
offer a wife's and mother's and a
country woman's gratitude to you
und those you represent.
I have the h?uor to be, very grate?
fully and sincerely yours,
Secretary Seward has directed the
seizure of all articles contraband of
war found on vessels sailing for Mexi?
?ffigEs^B^^^^^^^^^t . ? : ; Bel (Ls are
BBB|^^Wffmnes. Cotton is specie,
PP^that chiefly is to enable us to re?
sume specie payments.
Some persons, again, have cherish?
ed the belief thai- our granaries were to
feed a large portion of the inhabitants'
of commercial and manufacturing
Europe. That we have occasionally
exported large quantities of bread
stuffs and provisions has been owing
to exceptional circumstances, not like?
ly to occur soon or often. The export
of breadstnffs has now nearly ceased,
partly by reason of the high prices of
grain consequent upon our inflated
currency. Large crops of cotton
must be produced before our cereals
can find a profitabte market abroad.
Th? cotton export will restore the
specie standard, and then wheat and
corn and provisions eau be produced
at a less cost, and afforded in foreign
markets at prices which will secure a
steady amount, while, at the same
time, it will increase the amount of
foreign consumption, especially in the
We are now on the eve of the
greatest cotton famine that has ever
occurred. There are not moro than
700,000 or 800,000 bales of cotton in
this country, including the crop of
the present year and the remains of
former crops. The time is at hand
for making arrangemants for the next
year's crops. We have favorable
intelligence, os to these preparations
in some quarters. We also have in?
formation that political uncertainties
discourage planting enterprise in the
South. Capital and enterprise hesi?
tate to undertake planting on a large
scale, while the relations of the plant?
ing States to the Union remain un?
settled, and also while the cuiulition
of the Southern laboring class remains
a subject of political agitation.
Large amounts of capital have,
however, been sent to the South,
either for the purchase of cotton, or
its production, by commercial men
of Northern cities. But more circu?
lation is needed in order to provide
for the production and movement ol
a large crop for the next year.
National banks aro called for in tht
South, but they cannot be authorized
to the extent required, unless Con
gress provides, in accordance wit!
the recommendation of the Comptrol?
ler of the currency, Mr. Freeman
Clarke, for an increase of the limit o
the national currency to 400,000,000
VIRGINIA TAXES.-The New Yorl
Herald, of the fcth, says:
By correspondence which lias re
eently passed between Governo:
Pierpoint, of Virginia, and or? of th?
members of the Legislature, tht
people of the State are informed tba
the collection of their taxes due t<
the National Government is to be pro
ceeded with. The Governor reeentl;
bad a conference on the subject ii
Washington with the Secretary o
the Treasury, when the latter stated
that bc had no power to postpone col
lection, though he has directed that n<
sales be made at present by the ta:
commissioners for non-payment. Tin
Governor hopes that, in considera
tion of the general impoverishei
condition of the people, the Legisla
ture will pass an act by which th
State shall assume the payment
which course, it is thought, would b
perfectly satisfactory to the nationa
I am glad to say mat Gen. Grant sus?
tains tiie President's policy, and i-< UK:
friend of the South. His recent report of
aff iirs at the South has embittered thc
radicals very much against lum; but he is
too strong to be openly assaulted. He will
get si le-blows enough.
lt i-" thought the Tennessee delegation
will be admitted to their seats soon, except
such as cannot take the oath. The Presi?
dent's son-in-law, Senator Patterson, is
said to bc unable to take the oath-having
held some office under the Confederate
Government. Some think the delegation i
from Arkansas ami Louisiana will likewise j
be admitted soon. fi this is done, the
Virginia members should also come in. !
Tennessee. Arkansas, Louisiana anti Vir- j
giuia (East) were, at least in theory, or-1
gauized as States in thc United States pr< -
vinns to til?; building up of the Confederacy. !
From all I can leacn, I do not think any j
sudden or violent remedies will be applied j
to the prese.it redundant currency. A
g radual system of funding will be adopt, d,
so as to prevent violen! contraction.
We extract the following interest?
ing items from the telegraphic cor?
respondents from Washington :
The Special Committee on Freed?
men agreed on a bill to-day to enlarge
the powers of the Freedmen's Bureau.
One of its features is the provision
made for homesteads on public lands
in Southern States for stu h colored
persons as may become actual settlers
The Chronicle has again taken very
decided ground in favor of the gen?
eral radical policy, and is. of course,
thus in antagonism to the President.
Half a million of the new fifty-cent
fractional currency is about to be
issued from the Currency Bureau of
The financial bill which the Secre?
tary of the Treasury has prepared, in
conformity with his report, has been
laid before the proper committees.
The bill provides for the conversion
of the seven-thirties, the compound
interest notes, the legal tenders, the
certificates of indebtedness, and every
description of floating debt, into
bonds, bearing :>ix per cent, interest, j
payable in forty years; both interest
anti principal payable in gold.
If Congress should be induced to
grant to the States the right of taxing
these bonds, it is suggested that the
Secretary may not bc able to fund
tho debi at six per cent, interest.
He has himself suggested that it
might be necessary to allow eight per
cont. The Government credit; how?
ever, should be abie to command
money at the lowest rates, ami will
initier a proper ami prompt policy of
re-union ami continued peace.
C. G. MEM MIN GER -A despatch
from Washington, says that the Hon.
C. G. Memminger, Secretary of the
Treasury of the late Confederate
States, is ut Willard's.
COLORED TROOPS MCSTE?EL? Ocr.
All the colored troops in this vicinity
have been mustered ont and paid ott'.
Nearly all of them will leave for their
homes in Alabama and other States.
Several hundred took their departure
on the Georgia Railroad yesterday
afternoon, a special train having been
provided for their accommodation.
The interests of the whole country,
anti tin; peace and security of this anti
other sections JPTjoWr? *'us class of
troops have I ?of foo jotj1u\ wjli be sub?
served by : jttttBMt' or re?
moval of II(-TB| Bf
; .'1 M B ; 'HM.
wo wish to speak of, at pr??k /. The
building has been almost entirely refitted
and refurnished, an I that in tho,very host
style-parlors, reception rooms, sitting
rooms, dining saloon, bed chambers, cte.
Everything connected with the establish?
ment is kept in order, and what with able
assistants and attentive waiters, a traveler
is made to feel perfectly at home in a very
short time. The "Mills House*' has a
large number of guests, tho majority of
whom are old residents of Charleston. The
dining room is seldom closed, as meals can
be obtained at nearly all hours-breakfast
from S to lt"1: ?tinner from 2 to 4; toa from 6
to S; and supper from 0 to 12. And the
proprietor wishes it distinctly "understood
thal supper ?lilt/ts supper-?iot? a slice or
two of cold bread, a hit of eold meat and a *
cup of coffee: but hot br.^ad, several kinds
>f mea . slewed oysters, delicious pre?
serves, cakes, iced milk, tea, corlee, cte.
We give the following "Bill of Fare," pro?
vided for dinner on Thursday, January ll,
as it is a fair sample of the variety usually
Soup -Scotch broth. Fish-baked red
tish, Madeira s mee. Boiled-chicken,
parsley sauce; leg of mutton, turnip stucc;
corned beef, with cabbage; tongue; hum.
Fiicandt-au of veal, with small carrots.
Cold dishes. Entrees-tender loin of veni?
son, saute, with olives; apple cake, English
style; escolloped oysters, baked; maeca
roni, with ham; grenadine of veal, a la
jardinier; tender loin of pork, a la finan?
cier. Boast-beef; mutton; pork, apple
sauce; wild turkey, cranberry sauce;
bani, champagne sauce. Vegetables
mashed potatoes; fried sweet pota
toes; sweet potatoes, with spinach;
onions, beets, turnips, rice, carrots
Pastry-tapioca mulling; cranberry and
mince pies: frosted cake; sugar biscuit:
Bavarian cheese; orange sherbet. Des?
sert-apples, oranges, figs, raisins, nuts,
Of thc host. Mr. Joseph Purcell, it is
almost superfluous to speak, as be
known throughout almost the entire coun?
try. He began life with small means, but
by honesty and industry has pushed alon;,
and will, in a few years, we verily believe,
be rated a millionaire, and well be deserves
it. The attaches of the hotel-Messrs
George ll. Weils, head clerk; C. II. Bur
hans, assistant; Ii. E. 'Prescott,cashier; B
(.'. Webo, le ad book-keeper; F. E. Sterling
assistant book-keeper; and eur old friend
T. P. Slider, (whose speciality seems to bl
io discuss tho merits of a good dinner,
deserve special mention, as they use the;
utmost t ndeavors to please, and arc kim
attentive and communicative to all. "\\
be;; i i return to them our thanks for m
nierons attentions and varions acts
hospitality. May their shadows ne
grow less. - . e
We must now refer to a very useful ai
decidedly pleasant appendage to the hotel
tho "Mi ls" House Stables,'" in char^
Messrs. Poighen ,< Baker. These gen th.
men have a number of magnificent car?
riages, buggies, f.c.., which can be obtained
at any hour of tho day or night; and as
they have safe and reliable drivers, tho
weary traveler, er pleasure-seeker, can
confidently rely upon having a delightful
drive through the .itv
NEW ADVKKTIS?ME.VTS.-Attention recall?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the Brat
Apply al this Office situation Wanted.
J. i. Middleton, Jr.-Coin!. Business.
L). T. Harvey -Now stageVLiue.
Siiiver A Beckham-To Consumer*.
John Jenkins -At Public S*
Jus. li. Baldwia-A Can
John T. Sloan -Convention
Jas. (I. Gibbes-Notice l<
LU H. bow ranee-$50 Revi
Fisher tv Lowrance,