Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning.Uaiiuary 19, 1866.
Representation In Oongreiic
The subjoined article>.from the New
York Herald, presents .for considera?
tion some very important and inte?
resting subjects. This is a question
of pohaps greater importance than
any now being agitated nt Washing?
ton. The proposition has been al?
ready introduced in Congress to ap?
portion the. representation in the
popular, brauch of that bodyon the
basis of tbe voting population of the
S \ several States. Schenck, of Ohio, a
lending member of this Congress ?f
the dominant party, in his recent
speech at his State capital, insisted
tbx.; this amendment "should be
adopted by three-fourths of the loyal
States before admitting thc other
States, " ??.nd that they,, the now ex?
cluded States, as a condition of res?
toration, should be required to ratify
it; "for, otherwise," said he, "they
might defeat it, and ultimately gain
such power as to undo all that has
been done to prevent a repetition of
the late disasters."
Tho proposition is revolutionary in
p the broadest sens?, and, if adopted,
would be a clear abandonment of the
Constitution, which they have here?
tofore pretended to regard.
The article from the Herald opens
the whole question of representation
in the National Legislature, and sug?
gests an entire change in the rule
prescribed in the Constitution of the
United States for the apportionment
of representatives among tho States
of the Union. For the better under?
standing of the question, we give the
provisions of the Constitution pre?
scribing the rule of apportionment:
"Representatives and direct taxes
shall be apportioned among the seve?
ral States which may be included
within this Union according to their
respective numbers, which may be
determined by adding to the whole
number of free persons, including
those bound to service for a term of
years, and excluding Indians not
taxed, three-fifths of all other per?
sons. The actual enumeration shall
be made within three years after the
first meeting of the Congress of the
United States, and within every sub?
sequent term of years, in such man?
ner as they shall by law direct. The
number of Representatives shall not
exceed one for every thirty thousand,
bat each State shall have at least one
Representative ; and until such enu?
meration shall be made, the State of
New Hampshire shall be entitled to
choose three, Massachusetts eight,
Rhode Island and Providence Planta?
tions one, Connecticut five, New York
six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania
eight, Delaware one, Maryland six,
Virginia ten, North Carolina five,
South Carolina five, and Georgia
three."-Constitution of the United
States, Article 1, Sec. 2. Paragraph 3.
The following is the article :
In 1790 the ratio of representation
was one representative to every 33,
001) of representative population.
Now it is one representative for every
127,000. On the 23d of May, 1850,
the principle was established, for tho
first time, of limiting the number of
representatives, and thus relieving
Congress of the necessity of fixin
every ten years, the number of which
the House should consist. This law
established the number of represen
tatives at 233, who were to be ap?
portioned among the several States
respectively, by dividing the. number
of the free population of the States
by the number 233, and tho quotient
of this division was to be the ratio of
representation. In the slave States,
three-fifths of the slaves were added
to the white class, to preserve the
balance of power. The law of May,
1850, was changed after the appor
tionment by another law passed
March 4, 1862. This increased the
number of representatives to 241,
several of the States gaining one by
the change. We append a tabular
statement showing the present repre?
sentation from each State, together
with free and slave populate >n in 1800 :
States. Representatives. Free. ' Slaces.
Alabama. 0 526,431' ?35,080
'[.kansas. :5 321-t?l 111,115
?a. 3 3AV.353 .
.tient, r.4 y 451,320 .
ire. 1 90,587 1,71)8
da. l 77,7-18 01,745
gia. 7 591,588 4C2,lLJ8
Illinois.14 1,704,323 .
indiana. 6 1,339,000 .
Iowa. 0 073,844 .
Kansas. 1 100,579 .
Kentucky. 9 919,517 225,483
Louisiana. 5 357,629 331,726
Maine". 5 620,952 .
Marvland. 5 515,918 67,189
Massachusetts_10 1,221,464 .
Michigan. 6 742,314 .
Minnesuta. 2 173,596 .
Mississippi. 5 353,901 436,631
Missouri. 9 1,063,590 114,931
New Hampshire. . . 3 325,579 .
New Jersey. 5 046,699 18
New York .31 3,831,730 .
North Carolina ... 7 031,100 331,059
Ohio.19 2,302,838 .. .
Oregon . 1 52,337
Rhode Island. 2 170,008 .
Smith Carolina. . .4 291,388 402,400
Tennessee. H 826,782 275,710
Texas. 4 421,294 1x2,51*
Vermont. 3 314,380 .
Virginia.ll 1,047,411 490,805
Wisconsin. 6 774,710 .
Total . 26,708,157 J3,950,865
The free colored population, of the
States in 1860 was 470,502, making a
total of 31,149,805 inhabitants.
The States- which have gained in
their representation are: Arkansas, 1;
California, 1; Illinois, 5; Iowa, 4;
Louisiana, 1; Michigan, 2; Missouri,
2; Texas, 2; and Wisconsin, 3.
"Westward the course of empire
takes its way," as will be seen by this
representative increase in that direc?
It will be noticed that New Hamp?
shire, with a white population of
325,000, bas but three representatives,
whilo Louisiana, with o white popula?
tion of 357,000, has five. Other free
and former slave States show in about
tho same relative proportion, owing
to tho rule of counting three-fifths of
tho sla.es as persons, and the other
two-fifths as cattle-one of the sharp
practices of the Southerners which
the Yankees had not put a stop to yet.
Indeed, tho law, as a part of the
United States Constitution, is still in
force, ami cannot be repealed except
in tuc usual manner of amending the
Constitution, familiar to every intel?
ligent school boy.
Mississippi and South Cai'olina are
the only two of the States, as will be
seen by the table, in which the slave
population exceeded the white. Mis?
sissippi is entitled to five members in
the House of representatives, theo?
retically speaking, while California,
with 7,452 more whites than Missis?
sippi, has only three Representatives.
Lu truth, this whole subject of
apportionment needs revision and
amendment, and will doubtless re?
ceive it when Congress fairly settles
down to work, and disposes of some
other matters of immediate and
The just and proper plan would be
to base the number of representa?
tives in the House upon the actual
number of voters in each State, ac
has been recently proposed in some
quarters. J us tice would thus be done
to all sections; for voters alone are
entitled to representation.
OUTRAGE AT KXNGSTREE.-The Wil?
mington (N. C.) Herald, of the 15tli
inst., mentions that an outrage
occurred at Kingstree, S. C., durinj
the early part of last week, which i
friend has furnished to us as follows
To redress some injuries, real oi
imaginary, a number of white mer
clubbed themselves together for thc
purpose of attacking and whipping t
certain party of negroes. They caughi
one and thrashed him, and ther
caught and bucked and gagged an
other, and, after giving him about twe
hundred lashes, left him nearly life
less. The arrest of the parties im
plicated was promptly made by tin
Provost Marshal of the district, ant
on Wednesday last, two of tho whit?
men passed through Florence, ei
mide for Darlington, under arrest.
DomvrFun.-A rumor has beei
prevalent at Fortress Monroe during
the past few elays, of a plot being ii
course of perfection there for tin
liberation of Jeff. Davis. Accordinj
to reports, the scheme contemplate
thc arrival there of the intende<
rescuers singly, on board trading ves
sels, so as to ward oft" suspicion. Th
authorities have consequently iusti
tuted searches of the craft in th
harbor; but there have yet been n>
arrests made, as no person of a sus
picious appearance has been eliscc
SECRETARY STAN ^ "X'S ORDERS.
Immediately after the passage of th
House res"^^Rbn declaring that th
troops ohcmid not be withdrawn fror
the Southern States, Secretary Stan
ton sent an'order to General Terry
commaneling^the Department of Kiel:
monti, not to muster out any mor
broops, and suspending the ordei
heretofore issueel mustering-6ut sev<
ral regiments. T-?uV Secretary, it :
said, issucjb't'ho order without coi
sultiug^e'ither the President or Gei
Tue ARMY.-Various newspape]
b ive given an impression that Senate
Wilson's bill for remodelling tl
regular army will produce a standir
force of 90,000 men. According t
the terms of the bill there are le
than eighty regiments, all told, pr
vided for, and by company organiz
tion of sixty-four men, rank anti fil
these regiments cannot be more tht
700 strong, thus giving an army
LOSSES BY FIRE.-The total loss
by fire the past year amounted
over forty-three millions of dollai
against about twenty-eight and a hi
millions the previous year. The i
troduction of steam engines in tl
fire departments of the country do
not, from this exhibit, present a ve
At a church collection for mission
the preacher said: "My Christii
brethren, let me caution those of y<
who put in buttons not to break <
the eyes. It spoils them for use, ai
they will not pass among the heathe:
Senator Trumbull hus introduced
two important bills into the Senate.
One of them is to enlarge the power
of the Freedmen's Bureau, and the
other to protect all persons in the
United States in their civil rights,
and to furnish the means of their
vindication. The first provides that
in insurrectionary districts, where, by
State law or custom, any of the civil
rights belonging to white persons are
denied to negroes or mulattoes,' or
where they aie subject to different
punishment than is prescribed for
whites, tho officers and agents of the
Freedmen's Bureau shall, so long as
such discrimination continues, have
jurisdiction of al' cases affecting such
negroes or mulattoes. It also pro?
vides for punishing by fine and im?
prisonment through the courts of ;
the Freedmen's Bureau any person j
who shall subject a negro or mu- !
latto, in cons?quence of his race or !
color, to auy other or different pun- j
ishment than is prescribed for white !
persons, or shall deny him any civil j
rights which belong to tho white
race. The judicial power exercised
by the Freedmen's Bureau to cease
whenever the States where it is exer?
cised are fully restored in all their j
Constitutional rd tions to the Union.
The other bill of a permanent
character, applicable to all parts of
the United States, lt declares that
the inhabitants of every race and
color, without regard to former
slavery, shall have the right to make,
sue and enforce contracts, to sue,
give evidence, to inherit, purchase,
lease, sell, hold and convey real and
personal property, to thc full and
equal benefit of all laws and pro?
ceedings for tho security of person
and property; shall be subject to like 1
punishments, pains and penalties,
and none other; any law, statute,
regulation or custom to the contrary,
notwithstanding. Other provisions
of the bill make it a criminal offence
for any person, under color of law or
custom, to deprive another of his
equal civil rights and immunities,
give the United Stales courts exclu?
sive jurisdiction of the cases of all
persons thus discriminated against
and of all offences committed against
the provisions of the act; make it ;
the duty of the judicial authorities j
of the United States, aided, if neces- ?
sary, by the military forces, to execute
the law and provide all the machine- ?
ry for making the bill effective. !
Nearly all the provisions of the old !
Fugitive Slave Act are incorporated
in this bill. i
PRESIDENT JOHNSON-'? RECONSTRUC?
TION POLICY ENDORSED IN KANSAS.
On the 5th instant, a mass meeting,
attended by large numbers of persons
from different parts of Kansas, was
held at Leavenworth. Resolutions
were unanimously adopted endorsing :
President Johnson's administration of :
public affairs and his reconstruction
policy, as announced in his message, '
and pledging him hearty support in ?
his efforts to bring about reconcilia
tion and harmony between both sec- j
tions of the country. It was also
resolved upon, that the theory upon j
which the war was conducted nuder
the late lamented President, and
which has been maintained by Presi?
dent Johnson, that the normal rights
and status of the State" lately in re?
bellion wen; not susp. nded nor de?
stroyed, is both constitutional and
The meeting endorsed the proposed
amendment to the Constitution muk- \
ing actual suffrage the basis of repre?
sentation, commend the freedmen for !
thei' faithfulness and loyalty during j
tho rebellion, und favored the passage ?
of laws, State and Federal, to protect j
them from oppression and guaran- |
teeing them the fullest enjoyment of
personal liberty and rights of pro- 1
perty. It was also resolved that the
Freedmen's Bureau was useful and
necessary, and should be continued ?
until the rights of the freedmen were i
placed beyond jeopardy.
The meeting was addressed by Gen.
Later news fren Chile, Peru, and
the other South American republics,
Eas reached New York by the steam?
ship New York, which arrived there
on the 12th inst., from Aspinwall on
the 1st inst. The New York brought
$685,000 in specie, and among her
passengers was Mr. Robinson, our
late Minister to Peru. No additional
exciting event in the war between
Chile and Spain had occurred. The
Spanish admiral still kept up his
blockade of certain ports of the re?
public, and the Government of the
latter was quietly prosecuting its war
preparations. Thc Chilean fleet was
yet at sea, and had not been heard
from, but it was expected soon to
appear at some important point. A
party of eighty Chileans in boats
attempted to capture a Spanish vessel
in the harbor of Coquimbo, but failed
through dallying over the matter too
long. In Peru, Prado, the new Presi?
dent, had so far been unmolested by
any new revolution, and was proceed?
ing with his work of retrenchment
and reform. A declaration of war
against Spain and alliance with Chu J
was looked for from the Peruvian
Government. Little of importance
had occurred in any of the other
republics, all of them enjoying an
unusual freedom from revolutionary
Gen. Armistead L. Long, ono of
Gen! Lee's staff, and subsequently in
the Confederate States artillery, has
the superintendency of the second
section of tho Jnmes River ard Ka
MAN-SLAYING.--Within a few days
we have heard of three cases of homi?
cide in Greenville District; this is
shocking and awful to think of. We
do not pretend to decide on the cases,
but terrible blame rests somewhere.
Every good man should denounce
this reckless blood-shedding, and all
violence and threats that lead to it.
Tho authority of Almighty God de?
nounces the shedding of blood:
"Whoso sheddcth man's blood, by
man shall his blood be shed." No?
thing but strict self-defence, and thai
to save one's own life, or to prevent
enormous bodily harm, or some capi?
tal crime, can excuso the slaying.
Mere quarrel, or mere assault and
battery, cannot, in the least, justify
or excuse; it is murder or felonious
homicide in every such case, in view
of the common law as well ns Divine
lnw. So careful was the law of God
to brand killing a man with the
Divine disapproval and vengeance,
that the law of Moses provided that,
where one slew another, even by
accident, wholly unintentionally, that
he should flee to a city of refuge, or
be slain by the Avenger of blood.
All men should understand that
civil law is in force in our State; and
we verily believe that crimes of vio- i
lenee especially, will now bc more i
severely punished than ever in South
Carolina-the public safety demands
it. Let no man daf ter himself that
he can do as he pleases. Our courts
are fully organized, and will hereafter
be regularly bold, and all violators of
law brought up for trial and sentence
if convicted. Our Solicitors and
Judges and jurors will be more rigid
than ever in enforcing the law; and
our Governor is one who will not
weakly pardon offenders. Therefore,
it is the interest, as well as the duty
of nil of us, to obey the injunction of
Scripture, "as much as beth in us,
live peaceably with all men."
[ ( rreenville Mountaineer.
FROM WASHINGTON. - The New
York Herald's Washington corres?
pondent, under date of the 12th inst.,
states thal :
Mr. Raymond stole a march upon
the President's enemies to-day very
neatly. Ile sent in a resolution call?
ing upon the President for all infor?
mation tending to throw light on the
political condition of the States lately
in rebellion, such as proclamations
from Provisional Governors, election
returns, reports of Government
agents, and the like. The House at
first refused to receive this by ope?
rating in technicalities, but subse?
quently agreed to it, when offered by ?
Mr. Davis, of the Onondaga District 1
of New York, to whom Mr. Raymond
turned it over for presentation. The j
effect intended by Raymond is the ,
frustration of a scheme the radicals j
have for sending a sub-reconstruc- i
tion committee down South to make
a report to suit them. The President
is in possession of all the unbiased
testimony needed in this matter; but j
the radicals, bent on throwing every j
obstacle in the way of reconstruction,
refuse to receive it as reliable, backed
as it is by newspaper reports and the ;
tales of commercial travelers in the
conquered land. ?fr. Raymond's re?
solution gives the President a chance
to produce information which will
prove exhaustive of the subject. If
afterwards the radicals are shame?
faced enough to insist on a special
spy committee, thc country will
readily observe that the Reconstruc- ?
tion Committee is really bent on j
WHITE LABOR.-On yesterday, by j
steamship Raleigh, there arrived from
New York thirty-seven Germans.
Twenty-four of these are for Colonel
Thomas C. McHhenny, and twelve
for D. T. Durham. Esq., at Rocky
Point. The remaining one, we hear,
is still out of employment. Of course,
if the freedmen will not come forward
immediately and make contracts with
the land-owners, they may^so?n-ex^
peet to see their places tilled by white
labor. The plantations of the South
have been lying in idleness long
enough, and if those who formerly j
worked the: prefer to loiter about
the streets of our cities in an almost I
starving condition, rather than make
a comfortable living by laboring for |
it, why, then, those who will work :
must be employed.
Col. McHhenny and Mr. Durham
are, we believe, the first in tin's sec
tion of the State who have intro- !
duced white labor here, and we wish
them all the success they could hope
for. We believe it was through the
enterprising house of F. W. Foster
& Co. that this importation has been
effected. These gentlemen deserve
reward, and will doubtless receive it.
[ Wilmington Dispatch.
COLUMBIA AND HAMBURG RAILROAD.
! Wm. Johnson, President of the Char
I lotte and Columbia and Hamburg and
Columbia Railroads, (says the Augusta
Chronicle & Sentinel, of the 8th,) is at
present sojourn ii g in our city.
From him we learn that the work
on the road is being rapidly pushed
_>rward. A large number of work
j men are employed upon the various
J sections, By June or July next, he
I hopes to be able to commence laying
j the iron. If the various'projected
railroads in the South were under the
supervision of such active and ener?
getic men as Colonel Johnson, there
would be a good prospect of having
i more of them finished.
I : The widow Glicquot-she of the
champagne -is eighty-seven years of
age, and worth eight, millions of
THE LAURENS RA'^ROAD.-Is there
j not enough of slumbering enterprise,
I which if awakened, among our people
i -we mean tho citizens of Laurent
j District-to repair and put once mort
in operation our little railroad'
Surely there must 1 >e. Wc have beer
without its conveniences now lonp
enough to feel the necesaity and ad
vantages of a railroad.
We are assured by its President
Dr. B. S. James, that it only needs ?
small and insignificant amount to pu
the road in running order. Thia
amount can easily be raised by a sinai
subscription from each. Let us raisi
it. It only needs a little enterprise
a little activity, and we will ?gail
h av? a railroad. Let some of ou
leading citizens-some of the Direc
tors, take hold of this matter. Win
j will take tho lead, and who will fol
low? Let the President call a meet
I ing of thc directors, stockholders
I and the people-those at least win
j favor such an enterprisp, at an earl;
j day, and let us see what can be done
j Laurens cille Herald.
THE COTTON SuprnY.-It is statec
that Secretary MeCulloeh will proba
bly revise his estimate of the cottoi
coming forward the current year, am
place it in the vicinity of 2,000,00?
bales, instead of 1,300,000. Tin
members of the Internal Revenu
Commission also concur in this esti
mate. It is urged by prominen
officers connected with the fiuancic
department of the Government, tha
amendment to the Constitution is no
at all necessary to secure a larg
revenue from cotton. They urg
that au excise tax of ten cents pe
pound be levied on all cotton raised
whether for domestic use or export
This will obviate the necessity fo
an amendment to the Constitution
which eventually might operate un
favorably, to say nothing of the goo
policy of letting that instrumen
stand without amendment, excep
when imperatively demanded for th
good of the nation.
A Nashville despatch of the 10t
inst., mentions that the First Freed
man's School was dedicated yestei
day. Speeches wera made by Gei
Fisk, Gov. Brownlow and others. 3
is intended to be a free high scho(
for colored children, with accoinnu
dation for from 1,000 to 1,500 pupil
Gov. Brownlow advised the teacher
of colored schools to be exceediugl
prudent and cautious. He stated th:
if General Thomas were to tal
his troops and leave, the predom
nant party here would not allow the:
to occupy the school a week, and tin
the Legislature over which he wa
placed M ould be broken rip by a mc
in forty-eight hours. The Goverm
does not believe in reconstructioi
and says lie is in for the fight durit
OHIO.-The Ohio politicians a
becoming quite excited on the que
tion of a successor for Senator She
man. That gentleman desires to 1
his own successor, but he finds a poi
erfnl rival in General Schenck. Tl
Cincinnati Commercial, Clevelai
Herald, and Republican papers of
"conservative" tendency, general
support Sherman, while the Cinci
nati Gazelle, Cleveland Leader, Asht
bula Sentinel, und moot of the radie
papers, oppose him and favor Schenc
though Hon. John A. Bingham
considered an available compromi
candidate, if the party fail to agr
on either of the other two. The eic
tion will have some significance as
criterion of public feeling in the gre
State of Ohio.
A letter is published from Genei
W. T. Sherman, in which he conti
diets the general impression that 1
appointment sis Superintendent
the Military Academy, at Alexandr
Louisiana, before the war, was due
Bragg or Beauregard, and denies tl
when he left Louisiana he was pledg
not to oppose secession. He cc
eludes by saying: "I wish the Sou
well. If I have been a scourge, th
how much better that it was so th
Butler or some others of that sehoo
General Sheri an has also writ!
a letter, showing that he captured,
the Shenandoah Valley, as prisone
more men than General Farly repo
was his entire force.
A Washington correspondent of t
12th instant says:
"Edward P. Brooks, the Richmr:
correspondent of the New Y<
Times, was attacked to-day in
office of the Spottswood Hotel,
that city, by H. Rives Pollard, of
Ecaminer, who attempted to c<
hide him. Mr. Brooks diuurmed
assailant of the cow-hide and tin
it away. The cause of the attacl
! supposed to be the sarcastic desci
tion of the disgraceful shooting af
in the Richmond capitol on Frida;
MRS. JACKSON AND CHILD. - The p
[ pie of Memphis, Tenn., have de
j mined to donate the proceeds of >
j night's performance at "Opera Hi
I to Mrs. Stonewall Jackson and ch
! In the meantime, contributions
i the same object are received at
! Bulletin office.
Gen James Longstreet, of Ah
ma, has formed a copartnership
New Orleans, in the commission b
ness, with the young Messrs. Ov
who did good service in the artill
Tile Columbus Sun says arrai
j nients have been completed to c
I muuicate directly with New Ork
! by steamers from Columbus.
Advertisements, to insure insert!
should bo handed in by 4 o'clock i>. io.
We have received no Rickmond or >,,-,y
York mail? for the past two days.
CA.SH.-Our terms for subscription,
vertising and job work are cash. We '.? >;.?
all parties will bear this in mind.
'TUE CODE."-The Acts passed by th?
Legislature relative to tho freedmen, fr??
salo at tbis office. Price 20 cent?; by mail
A?ENTS FOR THE PHIENIX.- Thomas P.
Slider, Esq., of Charleston, and H. L. Darr,
Esq., of Sumter, aro the authorized agent?
of tho Phtenix, in those sections of thu
THE BURNINO or COLUMBIA. An inter?
esting account ol thc "Sack ?nd Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," ha?
ust been issued, in pamphlet form, from
tho Phoenix steam power press. Order?
can bc lilied to any extent.
GREENVILLE AM> COLUMBIA RAILROAD.
Hon. T. C. Perrin, President of the above
railroad, paid us a brief visit yesterday
morning. He assures us that his road will
be completed through to Greenville ne>,t
week, with the exception of the Broad
River bridge-but. that passengers will bo
carried over that stream on Hats. We are
highly gratified at being able to chronicle
this truly welcome intelligence.
MORE STORE BREAKTXO.-The store of
Messrs. Calnan & Kreuder was entered on
Wednesday night, by Borne bold burglars
or thieves. They entered from tho fror, t
door, on Gervais street, by boring through
tho door, shooting the bolt of the lock, and
raising thc bar. The property lost was ol'
little value, but wo respectfully make tho
inquiry, have we a municipal government
at all? There is something ont of joint.
CALNAN ?V KSEUDEB.-This enterprising
firm, as will be seen by advertisement in
another column, have received by tho
first train through from Charleston to
Columbia, a fine assortment of groceries
and provisions, purchased by Mr. Kreuder
in the Northern markets, and which they
propose to sell at tho lowest possible
prices. The firm will shortly remove to
their new store on Main street, imme?
diately North of .Tanney's Hotel, where
they design keeping ono of Hie largest
stocks of groceries, etc., in the market.
AMERICAN HAY AND COTTON PRESS.-Wo
arc informed by the patentee, Mr. Colton,
that ho will in a few days have ono of the
above presses in operation in this city,
and will be pleased to exhibit it. and ex?
plain its operation to any of our citizens.
The advantages of this press are mani?
fold, as it will press and compress cotton,
hay, wool, rags, or any other article
necessary to bc baled for transport ation,
storage or consumption. It is claimed
that the superiority of this machine over
all others, will be seen by one trial. Due
notice will be given when and where the
machine can bi: seen.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention ??call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
J. P. Thomas-Dumber.
Mounce <fc Calhoun-Commission Agents.
H an ah a n & Warley-Corn and Hay.
Mordecai & Co.-Prime Eastern Hay.
F. Corser & Co.-Commission Merolia nts.
Fisher A Lowrance-Corn, Flour, Ac.
" " -Carriage Bolts, <tc.
W. H. Jeffers A Co. -Com. Merchants.
Nature's furniture of thc mouth, is far
preferable to any that art can supply.
Therefore, keep your teeth clean, and in
j tfood repair with that toilet gem, Fragrant
Sczodont. B'-".-h thom daily Wiih thic de
] licious vegetable preparation, and they will
not ?te likely to crumble or decav. t
V " .-~
The Boston Post, of the 11th inst.,
says : Our harbor just now presents
a most interesting appearance. It is
almost ice-bound, and is giving the
ferry-boats, tugs, and other crafts
that attempt to get through it, no lit?
tle trouble. But Httle ice can be seen
as far as the eye extends. It is broken
into fragments, but neither wind
nor tide removes it seaward. No
sooner is it opened for the passage of
a steamer, or whatever else that may
be pushed through, it closes and lie
comes a mass. People can walk to
and from the shore to the vessels
which are anchored near South Inrrfv
ton and East Boston flats. Though
quiet in the harbor, the bay presents
quite a different aspect. As seen from
the upper part of the end building on
Long, wharf, it is of much, if not
painful interest. The wind is high,
and the roll of the sea unusually pow?
erful. It is suggestive of danger and
damage, of disaster and misfortune.
So severe a time has not been known
in the bay for very many years. It
can hardly be otherwise than that
there has been untold Buttering and
great loss of life. The melancholy
record will be learned from day to?
day. Nothing living could, if exposed,
withstand the fierce winds and pene?
trating cold which have prevailed in
the bay for nearly a week.
NOT VKBY COMPLIMENTARY- A
clergyman recently addressed his
female auditory as follows: "Be not
proud that our blessed Lord paid
your sex the distinguish honor ol
appearing first to a female after tin
resurrection, for it was only done
that the glad tidings might be spread
The Augusta (Ga.) Co
states that the National B
started in that city is d