Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, Jan. 20, 1866.
Experiments and estimates made
some years ago, of the expenses of
* cultivating cotton under the old slave
system arc given in DeBow's Review,
for January, I860. One of the oscu?
lations was for a plantation of 4,200
acres of land, (2,000 acres in cultiva?
tion,) worked by 254 slaves, old
and young, which produced 331,000
pounds of cotton, at an expense of
four cents seven mills per pound.
Another statement is given of the
expenses on an estate of 1,100 acres
of land, worked by 120 slaves, which
produced a crop of 128,000 pounds of,
cotton, at an expense of about six
cents per pound. It is probable that
the present cost, after allowance is
made for liberal wages to the freed?
men, would not greatly exceed the
above statement; it would, we sup?
pose, not be more than doubled. Yet
cottpn is now selling for from forty
five to fifty-five cents per pound in
Northern cities, and will probably
command a very high price for several
years. The extraord; nary profits
thus promised ore producing, as a
natural result, the industrial condi?
tion described below, in a Richmond
. paper, which learns the facts from
In the Mississippi bottom, mules
are worth from two hundred dollars
to two hundred and fifty dollars each,
and farm hands are paid twelve dol?
lars per month, besides their rations
of four pounds of meat and a peck oi
meal per week. All the expenses ol
farming are vastly increased, but cot?
ton is selling in Yazoo City at fifty
two cents per pound.
Northern capitalists, with theil
usual keen appreciation of pecuniary
profit, have not been slow to seiz<
upon the opportunities offered then
for making money in the rich botton
lands of Mississippi, and have rentec
plantations at apparently unreasona
ble prices. Three plantations on tin
river, adjoining those of ex-Presiden
Davis and his brother, Joseph Davis
Esq., bring an aggregate rental fo
the present year of thirty-six thou
sand dollars; and a plantation of eigh
hundred acres of cleared land, oi
Deer Creek, rents for ten dollars pe
acje-, the lessee contracting to repai
- ^u\c negro quarters and rebuild all th
mated that bottom lands will gene
rally sell for about twenty dollars pe
acre, and they will rent for about one
half the selling price.
The people of Mississippi now in
tend to devote all their energy t
making good crops of cotton. Th
standard of value is changed, and ai
heiress, instead of being worth s>
many negroes, is now reputed to hav
on hand so many bales of cotton
There is every probability that th
negroes will work tolerably well, wit]
proper supervision and care; and if
mun has not ready money, he ca:
rent his plantation for this year, am
be able with the proceeds to make
good start for himself in 1867. On
year or five would be buta short tim
in which to recover from the effect
of this tremendous ordeal throug
which we have passed, and if in 187
the Mississippi planters can equi
their production of cotton in 186(
they and the nation will be moi
A VOICE FOR MERCY.-The Ne^
York Commercial Advertiser, a R<
publican paper, criticises quite s<
verely the concluding portion of tb
reply of Mr. Attorney-General Spee
to the Senate resolution in regard t
the trial of Mr. Davis. We quote ?
^ . follows: f
^^^^Thank God ! the men who ha>
^B^H^f^t ?j/^i i- lives in this war ai
tired or carnage, and want no moi
butchery. Granland Sherman, wit
their pleas for mercy, are worth
whole regiment of stay-at-home do
trinaires. It is rather late in the di
for the punishment of men who su
vt ndercd months p.go, and every su
eessive day reduces the number i
the blood-thirsty, while it adds
the blind ferocity of the few implac
ble that remain."
METHODIST BOOK CONCERN.-Tl
"Book Concern," as it is called,
the Methodists, was originated
1780, by a.preacher in Pliiladelphi
on borrowed capital of $600. Aft
a time it was removed to New Yor
and in 1833 took its present locatio
Its capital now is $337,000. Its tot
profits from 1836 to 1860 were &
171.581.60, and these all go for tl
j ? im m????jS???????iS???
Colombia and H a tu lr arg Ra ll rond.
The Angosta (lonsi?uiionaii'it j
that efforts ore being made to finish ]
this important railroad, but some t
difficulty is experienced in the lack j
of stock subscriptions from parties \
who are able to subscribe, and whose ,
property must be considerably im?
proved by a completion of the road. ]
We are sorry to hear t hat the good ,
people of Edgefield are quite remiss. ,
The land-holders of the line, for ten
miles on each side, have more in- 1
terest in the road than any one
in Augusta, Columbia or Charlotte,
where the stock is principally owned.
This appenrs to us an unconsionable
lack of public spirit. If each land?
holder living within ten miles, on
each side of the line, would take one
dollar per acre of stock for each acre
of land, the road would go forward
rapidly towards completion, and in
twelve months at farthest, the engine
whistle would wake the pine woods
from their lethargy. To many of
these acres the road will add from
five to ten dollars in value, and we
think that the planters circumjacent
should, if possible, come forward
and help this enterprise, which may
otherwise languish, though sure of
final consummation. Col. Wm. John?
son, the active and energetic Presi?
dent, does not intend to let the matter '
fail; failure is an obsoTjete word in his
lexicon, but he prefers to have the
ownership of the road right here at
home, rather than seek foreign aid
and capital. Many a man is investing
in candy and other gim-craeks large
sums of money, which had better go
for public works than for pampering
idle stomachs. By such railroads
Augusta and Columbia are to prosper,
and it behooves us all to aid in their
LETTER FROM JOHN MITCHELL. -The
New York 2?r*ns, of Saturday, con?
tains a letter, dated Paris, December
22, from John Mitchell. It is not
such a one, in point of elegance, or
wit, or interest, as we had expected,
but very much like those penned by
all foreign correspondents of the
New York papers. He discusses Pre?
sident Johnson's annual message, and
tells how it was received by the Pa?
risians-some regarding it as signifi?
cant of indifference in regard to
French intervention in Mexico ; others,
as indicating a desire to extend the
protection of the United States over
still otli?rs, as leaving the question
open. Mr. Mitchell says there is a
powerful and growing Republican
party in France, though the Emperor
is rising in personal popularity; gives
a history of the recent Governmental
action with reference to some of the
Parisian students; and winds up his
letter with some characteristic re?
marks upon the deceased King Leo?
pold and Prince Albert.
NEGRO RIGHTS IN THE NORTH.-In
the Indiana State Constitution there
is a clause prohibiting negroes from
entering the State. The Indiana
Senate has refused to ratify an amend?
ment repealing that clause. This is j
a nice commentary upon that party 1
in the North who are clamoring for
the South conferring rights upon the
negro which they are unwilling them?
selves to grant. The South shall make
every concession to the negro-the
The New York Time?, in noticing
the manifesto of an officer of the
Freedmen's Bureau in Virginia,
threatening punishment of such Vir?
ginia planters as do not support their
former slaves who are aged and in?
"We had supposed that the utmost
extent to which it was necessary for a
bureau officer to go, was to protect
the negro from actual wrong, and not
to threaten those presumed to be his
persecutors in this indiscriminate and
general way. What punishment,
moreover, is to fall upon a Virginia
family which hos barely means of
subsistence for its own members?
Aro these members bound to bend
before this sumptuary edict, whether
their moans allow it or not? The ill
advised friends of the negro may
de^nd upon it that such philanthro?
py Pleasures will produce a re-action,
sooner or later, here in the North."
THE " LEE ENDOWMENT."-The
Staunton Spectator says:
Rev. Mr. S. D. Stuart, of this
place, has paid a visit to the city of
Baltimore, for the purpose of solicit?
ing subscriptions for an endowment
to Washington College, known as the j
"Lee Endowment." He has secured
subscriptions to the amount of near ?
$9,000, and expects to obtain about
as much more in a second visit which j
he proposes to make to that liberal !
a.??MW?amm |T it*m
WOKT?T OF li??TAttO??:-? neAVSpt?-' j !
p?t corresponuent records an act ni | '
President Johnson, which presents a
strange contrast to the conduct of '
those radicals who aro for crucifying 1
bhe Southern leaders for a mere differ- ?
ance of political opinion. ^
According to thc statement of this (
letter writer, the President, in his <
early political career, incurred the 1
displeasure and opposition of a dis
Anguished and wealthy citizen of East
Tennessee, who treated bini in a i
haughty and indignant manner, which
the President never forgot. The cor?
respondent adds: ;
"In all his successes ho remem- i
bered the bitter opposition and hatred
of other years, and when he became ;
Military Governor of Tennessee, he
improved the opportunity, and made
this man feel his power and influence.
The war had nearly ended, when this i
haughty rebel (for such he proved)
asked for pardon. Johnson protested,
and President Lincoln refused. Too
high-spirited to sue for the pardon,
this rebel despaired, for his life-long
opponent was in the ascendancy, and
his property, and perhaps his person,
was at his mercy. His only hope was
the justice, or rather mercy, of Pre?
sident Lincoln. But that hope was
dispelled when his assassination ele?
vated the vice-President. No further
effort was made, for his cause seemed
hopeless. The humble tailor of Green?
ville was President of the United
States ; the lordly gentleman was
of high reputation in his profession,
as a man, unblemished in character,
of large estate, but with the crime of
treason overhanging him. Not long
since, there came to him in the hand?
writing of Andrew Johnson, the man
Le had always contemned, with the
great seal of the United States, a full,
free pardon for all 1 offences commit?
ted in aid of the late rebellion !' |
Thus did this mau from the people
teach to his life-long opponent the
great lesson-forgive and forget."
THE SITO AB OF LOUISIANA.-A late
letter from New Orleans thus shows
the operation of the present labor
system upon the best sugar lands in
the country-not well suited for any- j
thing else. The crop in the State, it j
is shown, is about one-fiftieth of what
it was before the war, say 8,000 hhds.
"In the case of Mr. Burnside,
whose crop before the war exceeded j
5,000 hhds., and is now reduced to
400 hhds. And this upon the same '
plantation, with two-thirds of the i
same laborers. The crop of Mr. i
Walker, another large planter, has j
been reduced from OOO to 30 hhds.,
cultivated on the same plantation,
and with the same proportion of la
borers. This shows a decline of some !
inasmuch as the price has been en- I
hanced some 400 per cent., the value
of these products has not been re- !
duced in a similar proportion."
PLANTING ON A LARGE SCALE. -The j
Selma (Alabama) correspondent of
the Cincinnati Gazette writes :
General McArthur, of Illinois, has
leased five plantations in Central
Alabama "for next year; Major Banks,
of Joe Johnston's staff, has eight;
Gens. Chase and William R. Woods,
of Ohio, are getting some; so are
Col. Gere, of Iowa, and a number of
others. Their plan is to rent at three i
to five dollars an acre, one-third
down, and the remainder payable
first January, 1867. Then they hire
at liberal salaries, competent over?
seers for each plantation.
AN ITEM FOR FREEDMEN.-Mr. S. G. I
Burton, of the Indiana Legislature,
in a speech before that body, a few
days since, said emphatically:
' 'If left to me, Mr. Speaker, I j
would, by a system of 'unfriendly le- :
gislation,' render the atmosphere of
Indiana so extremely uncomfortable
for negroes that it would be un?
healthy for them to remain in our
midst, and much to their interest and
advantage to emigrate-especially
would I make it so for the 'unconsti?
tutional niggers,' or such as are here
in violation of our State Constitution, ;
and without authority of btw. If j
they should refuse to emigrate in
spite of this legislation, they should
be known and recognized in society :
only as 'hewers of wood and drawers
of water.' "
RATHER SEVERE ON THE ELECT.
The Philadelphia Mercury thus pays
its respects to Thad. Stevens and
Carl Schurz: "And who is Mr Ste?
vens ? Not a Pennsylvanian, thank
God, but a Yankee intruder into
this State, whose reputed wife is a
negro, and whose children are mulat?
toes. And who is Carl Schurz ? A
wretched adventurer, who, a traitor
to his native land, fled hither for re?
fuge, kept a lager-beer saloon in this
city, and, failing in that, has lived
ever since on the Government that
has rescued him from the penalty of
treason and the obscurity of a scul?
By the loss of the house of General
Coffee, near Florence, Aha., ??530,000
worth of property was destroyed.
Among the interesting historical relics
destroyed in the conflagration, was a
magnificent sword, presented to Gene?
ral Jackson by the citizens of New
Orleans, and bequeathed by him to
Colonel Andrew J. Coffee.
5oii?fctUing that C?itCerns B^ferjrbod?
*CMtag83 "P?9f *i i? roStmge im ws.
Ott Friday last? in the United
States Senate, Mr. Dixon introduced
\ bill to amend the postal laws, which
1. That after January, 1867, all
newspapers and periodicals, including
those mailed from the office of publi?
cation, shall be pre-paid, and none
shall be carried without pre-poyment,
except those coming from foreign
2. That the Postmaster-General
may sell stamps and envelopes at the
value of the stamps impressed upon
3. After the first of April next,
letters from one post office to another,
at request of person addressed, shall
be sent without additional postage,
and dead letters shall be returned
4. Letters endorsed tobe returned
to the writers (Act of March 3, 1863,)
shall be returned free.
5. Authorizes the sending of mails
by sailing vessels, between any port
of the United States and any foreigu
port, at a cost not exceeding the sen
6. The provisions for publishing
lists of non-delivered letters in news?
papers of the largest circulation is
repealed; advertising left discretion?
ary with postmaster.
7. That the balance of the appro?
priation of ' 8100,000, under thir?
teenth section of Act of May 17,1864,
may be used, as fur as necessary, to
supply deficiencies in the proceeds of
the money-order system for tho cur?
8. That any siam not exceeding $50
may be sent bv money-order, and the
fee for $30 to $40 shall be twenty j
cents, and for $40 to $50, thirty cents.
9. That a money-order shall be
good for twelve months, and, if lost,
a duplicate shall be issued free.
10. That all railroads carrying the
mails shall carry, without extra
charge, all printed matter directed by
the Postmaster-General to be sent
11. That persons maliciously inter?
fering with letter-boxes shall be fined
from $100 to $1,000, and imprisoned
not less than one nor more than three
12. That the President may divert
appropriations from one branch of
postal service to another, when neces?
Tho sixth provision will attract at?
tention, and needs no explanation.
MEXICO AND HEP. AFFA?B?.-Ths
New York Herald says that, to settle
the Monroe doctrine, it is only neces?
sary "for France to be very firmly
informed that we earnestly desire to
avoid war; but that, war or peace, all
our principles and policy imperatively
require that she shall leave Mexico."
Suppose that our Government
should adopt this policy, and it should
turn out that France would not ac
down, what then ? Is the assertion
of the Monroe doctrine at this time
of such vital importance as to justify
us in embarking in a war v, ith a first
class power for its vindication ? Have
we such a direct interest in the affairs
of Mexico that we are bound by con?
siderations of honor and interest to
undertake her quarrel, and thus put
our own interests and prosperity in
jeopardy ? We think not. War is a
serious thing, and it is certain that,
if Napoleon should be disposed to ac?
cept hostilities rather than submit to
the humiliation of being expelled
from Mexico, he would most assuredly
conduct the war upon a scale which
would be apt to make it exceedingly
interesting to us. It is very easy to '
say that we will not tolerate the pre?
sence of French troops and influence
in Mexico, and we could, no doubt,
drive omt both ; but the question is,
whether it will pay us to make tho
effort, and whether the advantages to
result would be an equivalent for the
expenditure of blood and money
which would necessarily be involved
It seems to us that we have had war
enough to last us for several years,
and that a season of rest is absolutely
necessary, to enable us to patch up
our shattered finances and to recupe?
rate our exhausted energies. Tho
building up and strengthening of our
own country is a matter of more im?
portance to us than the poor and bar?
ren privilege of regulating the poli?
tics of our neighbors. The day may
come, after we have recovered from
our late gigantic efforts and harmo?
nized our people, when it will only
be necessary for us to say that the
continent must be cleared of all fo?
reign influences, and they will go.
Bnt the time has not yet arrived.
IN HIS ELEMENT-Av AUCTION.
The great apostle bf abolitionism,
Beecher, was in his glory lost night,
when the annual auction of pews in
Plymouth Church took place. His
place of worship has actually turned
into a temple of money-changers, and
.he bidding was as exciting as at any
?egular auction sale down Broadway.
Che first choice of the box pew was
mocked down at a premium of $400
jo H. B. Clufiin, of the great dry
roods house of Claflin, Mellen & Co.
Hr. Joseph P. Howard, father of the
proclamation forger, paid $300 for the
second choice. Moses S. Beach, edi?
tor of the Sun, paid $305 for the
tliird choice, and so on. The pro?
ceeds of the entire sale, including
annual rental, will amount tlii3 year
to about $40,000, all for the great
pleasure of witnessing the weekly
performances by brother Beecher.
THE TicsT OATH.-Mr: Lincoln's j
AtibrneV-General, Honorable Edward i
Bates, o? Missouri, published a letter
in the Missouri Republican, in which
he gives his opinion of the Con?
gressional test oath. Ho says:
Test oaths, odious, oppressive and
cowardly always, are always thc re?
sort of desperate parties who (ats
violent as timidity eau make them)
seize upon method to weaken their
adversaries, whom they are afraid to
meet in fair and open controversy.
It was of frequent occurrence during
the French revolution, and ono re?
markable instance has been preserved
for our instruction by the great his?
torian of that epoch. The two legis?
lative councils-the Ancients and the
Five Hundred-imputing to their
adversaries the crime of royalism,
hoped by an adroit trick to get rid of
their presence in the councils, and
their influence with the people. And
so, in the forged name of Republi?
canism, they decreed that all the
members of the councils should, ou a
certain day, tako an oath of hatred
to royalty. The opposition (quite as
good Republicans, in fact, as their
hypocritical oppressors) resisted, as
best they could, complained and pro?
tested-but they took the oath -for
they had no notion of deserting their
place in the Government, ?tod thus
leaving their unprincipled adversa?
ries, unresisted, to work out their
wicked will in thc mis-government of
the country. And the philosophic
historian dismisses the subject with
this brief remark: "This formality of
an oath, so frequently employed by
parties, never could be considered as
a guaranty; it has never been any?
thing but an annoyance of the con?
querors, who have taken delight in
forcing the conquered to perjure
Justice-that was the crafty policy
of the French Revolutionary radi?
cals-and our revolutionary radicals
do but follow their example. And
we may indulge the hope that the
reign of our radicals will be made as
brief as that of their great examples,
and by the samo cause-their follies
and their crimes. Your friend,
ALABAMA NEWS.-A gentleman by
the name of F. W. Ralph, from
Tuscaloosa, was found dead in his
room, at the Exchange Hotel in Mont?
gomery, on Sunday morning last.
He retired Saturday night apparently
in good health, but had been dis?
sipating freely for several days past.
From the Montgomery Advertiser,
of the 9th, we extract the following:
A gentleman from New York, who
came down tho road yesterday, re?
ports that at Opelika a negro girl
some sixteen or seventeen years old,
came in, with her ears cut off close to
her head, and alleged that it was
done b}r a man in United States uni?
form, because she would not let him
do violence to her person. No notice
liam uccii uuvu _._0.. n.^
military authorities. Such inhumani?
ties should be ferreted out and the
guilty parties punished severely, who?
ever they may be. Where the civil
authority hus not power to act, the
military certainly has, and we trust
between the two, no acts of the kind
will be allowed to disgrace the com?
Mrs. Susanna C. Clay, wife of Gov.
C. C. Clay, sr., died in Huntsville,
on the 2d inst., at an advanced age.
The negroes of Huntsville had a
large parade on the 1st inst., in com?
memoration of the anniversary of
The State Legislature reassem?
bled in Montgomery on Monday,
The Montgomery Mid states that
there are a large number of negro
soldiers loafing about the streets of
that city. They belonged to the 136th
negro regiment, recently mustered
out of service at Augusta.
TENNESSEE COTTON. - We judge
from what we have heard that one of
the largest cotton-producing States
in the Union this year will be Ten?
nessee. In the first place, the native
industry of the State, white and
colored, is in better condition than
that of most other States for the re?
sumption of activity. In the next
place, there has already been a larger
Northern emigration to Tennessee
than to any other Southern State,
and the prospects are that it will be
greatly increased within the next
three months, consisting both of
workers and capitalists. Both the
old residents and new coiners gene?
rally declare it their purpose to de?
vote themselves to the cultivation of
cotton; and preparations have already
been made to introduce the raising of
cotton upon a large scale in districts
which have heretofore been devoted
to the growth of wheat and cattle.
There are large regions in thc central
and western part of the State where
cotton can be raised to great advan?
tage, and we see no reason why Ten?
nessee should not furnish half a
million bales.-Nert York Times.
FURNISHING HOTELS.-A correspon?
dent at Fortress Monroe writes that
large quantities of the bedding of the
Hampton General Hospital have been
bought to furnish hotels in Baltimore,
Washington and Philadelphia. Fifty
cords of iron bedsteads, 4,000 mat?
tresses. 10,000 blankets, and 6,000
linen sheets, almost a's good ?us new,
a few still stained by the blood of
wounded Northern "soldiers, thou?
sands of whom, both white and co?
lored, died upon them, go North to
furnish houses of summer resort.
Advertisements, tu insure insertion,
should be handed in by 4 o'clock p. m.
CASH.-Our terms for subscription, ad?
vertising and job wurk arc cash. Wo hi ipr
all parties will bear thia in mind.
"THE CODE."-The Acts passed by the
Legislature relative to thc freedmen. C??
sale at thi? office. Price 3? cents: by mail
AGENTS ron THE PIUENIX.-Thomas P.
Slider, Esq., of Charleston, and H. L. Darr,
Esq., of Sumter, aro th- authorized agents
of tho Pheenie, in those sections of the
j State. u_
Tut B?BNINO or COLUMBIA.-Au inter
' esting account ot the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia. S. C.," has
nat been issued, in pamphlet form, from
tho Phamix steam power press. Orders
j can be tilled to any extent.
We made a slight mistake, in our notice,
yesterday morning, with reference to the
Greenville Railroad. About tho first of
next month, the officers expect to carry
passengers through in one day -that is,
they will run hacks between Alston and
the head of the road. Rut this will niako
little difference, as a rftlo of a few miles in
a back will help digestion.
We b arn that the store of Mr. E. Pol?
lard, on Main street, was entered, on
Thursday night, and saveral thousand dol?
lars' worth of goods stolen. Marks on the
back door show that au attempt was made
to enter tho atora from the rear; but tho
entrance was effected through thc front
door. It behooves our citizens to be ou
the alert, and give these gentry a reception
not to be easily forgot ton.
Through the kindness and liberality of
j Superintendent Peake, of the South Caro?
lina Railroad, Mr. Colton will erect his
press and warehouses on the grounds con?
nected with the South Carolina Railroad.
In a short t ime, the press will bc erected
and in operation.
The Roule Agent of the National Express
and Transportation Company, Mr. O. E.
I Webster, paid us a visit yesterday; he
j informs us that ho has opened an office
? temporarily, in Mr. Kraft's shop, on Wash?
ington street, near Main. The company
arc now running mcssongers over tho
South Carolina Railroad daily, and will
receive and transport freight at reasonable
rates. Arrangements are being rapidly
completed for thc transportation of freight
to any point in the United States. Au ad
' vertisement containing full particulars will
I bc published in a day or two.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
ed to thc following advertisements, which
are published this morning for thu first
T. J. Gibson -Rutter.
Feogers A Diereks Com. Merchants.
City Fire Department.
Levin A Piexotto-Varietv Sale.
i Royal Ar eh Chapter--Ebenezer Thayer,
i Lost Receipts-Joseph Austell.
?rlor .>n ni? omeo -Law Librarvfor salo.
Huger A Hasell -Cominis. Merchants.
Frank Ashe-Baggies, etc.
j THE NEGRO.-This interesting
I personage gives trouble even in
Massachusetts, where compuratively
they have but few of them. Tims
we learn that Frederick Douglas in?
dignantly left a hotel in Portland,
Massachusetts, the other day, because
he was not allowed to take his meals
with the other guests of the evening.
In the course of his lecture in the
evening, he said it was the only in?
dignity he had ever received in Mas?
sachusetts, and proceeded to give the
Boniface a terrible cutting ap. The
proper remedy is to refuse Sumner
und Wilson seats in Congress, and to
disfranchise Massachusetts until she
does justice to the negro.
A district school at Attica, very
full, and very prosperous, under the
superintendence of a lady teacher of
superior qualifications and of high
reputation as a successful tutor, re?
ceived an addition in the shape of a
little negro boy. The little chap had
been presented to the M. C., for the
district, and him to the village, and
by the village to the school. The
trustees did not want him. They
were loyal, but they sent him away.
An appeal was immediately made
to the County Commissioner, and
also to State Superintendent Rice;
both of these dignitaries, as a matter
of course, and as everybody might
know, decided that the' boy must go
to school ! The consequence is, the
white children are gradually falling
off, and in all probability will ulti?
mately evacuate the school.
[Alha/ti/ Arg as.
We have received a circular, from
which we mako the following extract:
"lu pursuance of the original agree?
ment made between the Adams Ex?
press Company and the Southern
Express Company, five years since,
by which the former transferred, by
sale, all their property in the South?
ern States and their right in the
express business in said States to the
latter, the Adams Express Company
will withdraw on December 25, 1865,
from such railroads and express
routes as they operated during and
since the late war, and will transfer
their business to the Southern Com?
GENERA?. LANE. This gentleman,
so well and favorably known .ttl a
large number of our readers, arrived
in this city on yesterday morning.
He is looking very well and cheerful,
and was cordially received by hin nu?
merous friends in this city. He left
on yesterday's afternoon train for
Richmond. - - Wilmington Dispatqi.