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Daily Paper $10 a Year
"Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year.
\ BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 2G, I860.
VOLUME [--.VC). 2?J_
riUSLlSllKD DAILY AND TM-WEEKLY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
STATE P lt I N T E li .
TERMS-m ADVA NC E.
Daily Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weekly. " ? . ... 3 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent,
.ar Special notices 10 cents.a linc.
Counting Honte Calendar for 18GG.
IV K|fl 1X3
36 IT,IS 50
ld 17 IS
White Labor in thc Tropics.
It has been argued that negro
labor in our Southern States is essen?
tial to their prosperity, because the
Southern climate is too hot for white
labor. Hitherto such .an argument
could not be met very readily, be?
cause experience could ?not furnish
toy complete example to the contrary.
Such an example seems now to be
furnished by the British colony of
Queensland, Australia, where cotton,
rice and tobacco are most successfully
cultivated by whites in il land the
Southern boundary of which is as
near the Equator as the Southern
promontory of Florida.
From the address of Sir George
Brown, thc Governor of the colony,
on proroguing his Pai-liainent last
September, it appears that since De?
cember, 1850, the European popula?
tion of Queensland has increased
from 25,000 to nearly 90,000-nearly
four-fold-while its imports and ex?
ports have been more than trebled.
It was long supposed in the colony
that the European inhabitants could
not extend their labors successfully
to those portions of the country
lying within the tropics, except in
the case of some table land raised a
great height above the sea. But the
more temperate portions having been
taken up for pasture, necessity led to
tho exploration and trial of the
warmer regions, and the result has
been the unexpected riso and pro?
gress t?f what is now considered tho
model colony of Queensland.
In our own country, also, it has
since been proved that white labor
will do in a number of the cotton
raising regions, and experiments of
that kind have already met with fa?
vorable results. An arrangement has
lately henri made for the cultivation
of cotton lauds in South Carolina by
Swedish laborers, and the plan of
planting on shares has been largely
adopted in Tennessee, Alabama, 5lis
sissippi and Arkansas, and societies
are formed that furnish white labor
ers for a* commission. Tho immediate
effect has been to advance tko price
of lands which sold four months
since for $i0 per acre in currency, up
to SOO, with a good demand. Those
experiments will go on ; but it is not
to be doubted that the freed negroes
of the South may still be a chief re?
liance for cotton growing, provided
fanatical legislation is not allowed to
interpose and nullify the judicious
efforts of capable white men in the
'outli to render it available, in a
racticable and mutually beneficial
ay, for the purpose.
An abstract of the annual report of
lie Croton Board shows the receipts
~>i the Aqueduct Department for the
year 1805 to have been $1,013,083,
which is an excess of $57,858 over
he preceding year. Upwards of
/on miles of sewerago has been
constructed within the past twelve
months. The full extent of pipes
now laid for the distribution of the
croton water through New York is
Sportsmen look forward with plea?
surable anticipation to the races now
on the tapis between the celebrated
sons of Lexington-Asteroid, Ken?
tucky and Norfolk. These horses
have respectively made the best time
on record. They were all bred by
Ii. A. Alexander, of Kentucky, th?
present owner of Asteroid. Norfolk
is owned in California, and Kentucky
in New York.
A Connecticut lady sent a forty
pound j turkey to President
for .ji New'-?ear's gift.
White Entl^rntiou to ?lie South.
From time to time statements
appear in tho New York dailies, to
the effeet that parties of white emi?
grants arc on thc verge of leaving, or
have actually left, the North for
points South. Not long since one of
the journals referred to contained an
exhibit of tiic number of emigrants
that had arrived at New York since
April last, and specified the States in
which this new population had set?
tled. From this statement, it appears
that thus far only a very insignificant
portion of the whole number of arri?
vals have been induced or inclined to
leave the Northern or Western States
for the Southern. The figure is put
down at one two-hundredths part.
Wc are informed that about two
weeks since a company of fifty emi?
grants sailed from New York for
Charleston. As yet wc have not
heard of their arrival at this port,
r We occasionally notice a paragraph
! in our New Orleans or Mobile ex?
changes alluding to tho arrival of a
small body of white emigrant;: at one
or the other of those places, but we
fail to observe any record of the land?
ing of large numbers. Of the South?
ern States, Virginia has taken the lead
in the matter of furnishing homes to
emigrants. Nearly (500 have settled
within her boundaries since April,
18(55. New York, after all, gets the
largest share, and next to her come
the Western States.
We learn that several agents from
the South are at present in New York
for tho express purpose of endeavor?
ing to prevail upon emigrants, who
arrive, each week,'to secure homes at
the South. We hope, by all means,
they may succeed in their efforts.
We take tho authority of several
planters, with whom we have con?
versed on the subject, that it is the
desire of a majority of that class of
the citizens of South Carolina to
give the system of white labor an im?
partial and extended trial. Some?
thing must ?>e Jone to secure white
laborers, in case the freedmen's con?
tract system should prove unsuccess?
ful. The lands of the State must bc
cultivated. Cotton must be raised
and brought to market, before out
people can hope to reali/.e suJfioiont
means to enable them to place affairs
in a prosperous condition. The result
of the present crop depends almost
wholly on the willingness or unwil?
lingness of tho freed men to labor
through the season. By early fall wc
shall be ablt* to judge mon; accurate?
ly of the value of the system mulei
which the plantations are now
NE?ST?O TESTIMONY.-The Memphis
AvalancJte, of which one E. A. Pol
lard, the historian, is one of th?
editors, has thc following in favor o
allowing negroes to testify:
"We are rejoiced to see the prejn
j dices against negro testimony fas
I giving away to a more enlightened
I public opinion. The mere fact o
j permitting negror to testify in cour
does not elevate his social conditio]
to an equality with the white man, a
many seem to suppose, lt is simply
.in act of justice to thc? negro, who i
not responsible for tilt's nnfortnnat
termination of the war. During th
terrible struggle through which wi
have passed, the negro was an arm o
strength to the cause which has beei
lost. His kindness to the absent so]
dior's family has received the highes
commendation, and to permit him t
testify iu court is a just recompens
for his fidelity. The insane fanati
cism of the North has plunged th
negro into the deepest distress.
"It has taken from him his com
fortable home, where ho was sui
rounded with all the comforts of 1 ift
and made him a vagrant upon sc
j ciety. Most of them are living i
want. Thousands are rofting in filth
disease ami corruption, lt is th
duty of true disinterested Souther
philanthrophy to ameliorate the prc
sent condition of this poor creature
To give him the right of testifying i
court will contribute to such a dc
sirable result without making him a
equal. Nor is there anything mor
strous in this proposition, since th
menial classes of all nations are pei
nutted to appear in court, and, i
some instances, lords and nobles hov
been sent to the gallows on tho ev
dence of hous6Nervants. Our colore
population are as well qualified as th
abject, degraded serfs of Europe t
serve as witnesses in court, and
this poor boon be denied the negrc
his condition will br. made infinite!
worse. The ends of justice are se
dom perverted by false swearinj
Perjury always confounds itself, an
truth, when honestly told, shou)
have its hearing, whether comix
from the negro in his rags or tl
nabob in his ruffles."
Tiie Copperheads - " Conserv
tives" in th?; Delaware Sena
unanimously voted against a resoli
tion thanking the soldiers and sailo
of that State fen their eriorts in sn]
pressing the rebellion, and the res
In tion was defeated.
THIS Company, charlcrod by tho Stato
of Virginia, ami organized with
JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON,
AH ITS PRESIDENT,
Ha? opened an AGENCY in thebuildiug of
Mr. Kraft, Gunsmith, on Washington
street, opposite the burnt jail, temporarily,
and aro prepared to do a
General Express and For?
In tho transmission of
They promise to bc behind nono in their
efforts to please and accommodate. Iden?
tified with the South and its interests, they
solicit from thc citizens of Cc'_
the public generally, a liberal poT
the business in their line.
Tb?y are now running daily between tho
following named cities and towns:
And all accessible points in tho States of
New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Vir?
ginia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
As tho line of railroads are opened, they
will extend their business to all points in
tho South, in addition to thc above named.
This Company has also favorable con?
tracts with steamer-lines from all North?
ern ports to those of tho South.
To Merchants and Shippers of Columbia
and surrounding country:
They will find it convenient and advan?
tageous to have their goods coming '
steamer, via Charleston, to have the...
marked to tho care of tho National Ex?
AU goods marked or shipped, as above,
will bo forwarded without delay or extra
charge for drayago or commission.
The Tariff of charges will bc based upon
a fair business per centage above the cost
of transportation, witheut being onerous
or oppressive; nor will it be made loss than
thc cost of transportation, with the view
to break down or drive off any rival, to
advance to oppressive and unnecessary
high rates. HARRY COTTTNGHAM,
O. F. WEBSTER,
P. P. ZIMMERMAN,
Acting Agent, Columbia, S. 0.
LEVIN & PEIXOTTO,
GENERAL AUCTIONEERS AND COM?
MISSION AGENTS, COLUMBIA, S. C.
Corno- Assembly and Plain Streets.
OFFER their services to dispose oft* or
purchase FRODUCE, REAL ESTATE
or PERSONAL PROPERTY of anv and
every kind, and from their general know?
ledge of business hope to merit a share of
Late Book-keeper Exchange Bank.
D. C. PEIXO1T0.
Formerly associated with F. Lance.
Jan 13 _^_
WE have just received
from first hands:
=c CORN SHELLERS,
STRAW CD TTERS, Corn
&MILLS and PLOWS, in
addition to a well-selected stock of Family
GROCERIES, Shelf HARDWARE, POT
WARE, TINWARE, CROCKERYWARE,
Ac. All of which will bo sold VERY LOW
Wc respectfully solicit a liberal share of
patronage from our friends and the public
generally. HUFFMAN & PRICE.
Corner of Main and Lumber streets,
Jan 5 Imo4 Columbia, S. C.
JNO. C. SEEGERS. G. DIERCKS.
SEEKERS & DIERCKS.
HAVING erected a large and convenient
Storehouse on Main street, in this
city, wo are prepared to receive Gooda on
Commission or fdr Transmission to any
point. No efforts will bc spared to giva
the utmost satisfaction to all who may
favor ns with their custom. Having
always teams and wagons at our command,
there shall be no delay, and our charges
shall be moderate. Goods will also bc
received ins torage.
A larg- st< ick of O Rt )CERIES, 1 ?IQUORS,
GRAIN, t ..c., for sale at fair market prices.
?tr Charles ton Courier, Winnsboro News,
Chester (Standard, Camden Journal, New?
berry Herald, will publish three times and
1M?RE YOUR WWT
APOLICY OF LIFE INSURANCE IS
THE CHEAPEST AND SAFEST
MOUE of making a certain provision for
BEN.TAM IN FRANKLIN :
Nothing is so uncertain as life.
No provision is perfect that is contingent
upon thc duration of your life, ?vhich is not
The ,,nlv IMMEDIATE provision is that
provided bj LIFE INSURANCE.
lt provides a SECURITY to tho family
of every man engaged in business.
Ii is a species of property that costs
nothing but thc premiums; it requires no
repairs, bas no taxes, calls for no outlays,
and its conditions do not change.
Call on ll. E. NICHOLS, Agent for the
following OLD, RELIABLE ami POPU?
LAR LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES:
JETNA, OF HARTFORD, CONN.,
fi?-OHE, OF KEW YORK,
Assets, nearly $^,000,000.
NORTH CAROLINA IHTJPTUAL, OF RA?
LEIGH, Assets, nearly SI.ooo.OOO.
CORNER OF WASHINGTON AND AS
?gffifiETS, COLUMBIA, s. C.
OFFICE IX CO ITO X TOWN,
OOT^X^IVII^IvV, ?S. C.
"ITTILL store or attend to the forwarding
>V of COTTON, PRODUCE, FURNI?
TURE and GOODS entrusted to their care.
Will also sell HORSES, MULES, CAT?
TLE, Ac. .
Wo pledge ourselves to use every endea?
vor to promote the welfare of those who
may favor us with their patronage.
J. M. CRAWFORD. L. 1'. MILLER.
jfcdr Charleston News, Newberry Herald,
Winnsboro NeWS, Chester Standard, Abbe?
ville Eanuer, Anderson Intelligencer and
Greenville Mouidaineer will publish two
w*eks, and forward bills. Dec 30
AXLE PULLEYS. WAGON RODY and
Wrought Nails, Sand Paper. For sale
by FISHER A- LOWRANCE.
K?Y, VEAL & HEWETSON,
ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS.
1PROFESSIONAL RUSINESS attended
to in South and North Carolina.
Wc respectfully announce to the com?
munity, that wc are prepared to furnish
promptly all necessary PLANS and WORK?
ING DRAWINGS for Mansions, Stores,
Bridges, Mills and Machinery.
JOHN A. K AY. T. C. VK.AI,. H. E. Ii. II EWKTSON.
Stocker & Son,
COLUMPIA, S. C.
OFFICE on Bridge street, opposite
Hunt's Hotel. Jan 21 6*
RODDER, SWEET POTATOES, Bacon,
I &C. For salt? by
Jan 11? FISHER A LOWRANCE.
HERE IS YOUR MONEY.
MOUNCE & CALHOUN,
At Columbia, S. C.,
AHE prepared to RECEIVE and FOR?
WARD, RUY, SELL or STOKE any
ARTICLES consigned to them.
Their connection with a House ia Charles?
ton warrants them in saying to Shippers
and Consignees that their facilities aro un?
surpassed. All goods marked to their
caro from East, Wost, North, South, or
any corner of tho State, will reach them
through their agents established at va?
rious points, through which Goods reach
Columbia, S. C.
Their SPICING STOCK OF GOODS, for
tilling Merchants' and Consumers1 orders,
by tho package, at reasonable rates, they
hope will bc complete.
Advances made on Goods and Produce in
4CtT*CharIcston News, Chester Standard,
Charlotte Times, Lauronsvillc Herald, New?
berry Herald, Spartanburg Express, Green?
ville Mountaineer, Anderson Intelligencer,
will eopv twice, and forward hills.
Jan 19 (i*
W. H. JEFFERS & CO.,
Commission Merchants, and Receiv?
ing and Forwarding Agents,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
THANKFUL for tho patronage hereto?
fore so liberally bestowed, they hope
by prompt attention to merit a continu?
ance. Jan ll) 12
Geo. H. Walter & Son,
Receiving ami Forwarding Agents.
HAVE established themselves in As
semblv Street, two doora from
Gervais, COLUMBIA, S. C., where they
will bo happy lo serve their old friends
and pati'ons. Thankful for past favors, i
they will endeavor, by prompt attention, to
merit a continuance. Liberal advances
made on consignments to their friends in
Charleston, New York or Liverpool.
Jan 18 8_
STRAW CXJTTERS, PLOWS AND
T> ECEIYED TO-DAY, and tor salo bv
,1V Janis FISHER A LOWRANt E. _
Greenville, S. C.
THE EXERCISES <.f this Institution
will bc resumed on tho l?Lh of Feb?
For Circular giving further information,
application may 1?' made to
PBOF. JNO. F. DANN EAU,
Oct 28 C7 Secretary of Faculty.
C. H. BALDWIN,
WHOLESALE AN D RETAIL < : UOCER,
and dealer in STAPLE HARD?
WARE, OILS of all kinds, with a general
stock adapted to a first class trade.
Bought exclusively for cash and offered at
lowest market rates, at the <>ld stand of
Allen A Dial. Jan 18 lin
Columbia to Charleston.
mHE NEW and FIRST-CLASS LICIT!
_L DRAFT STEAMERS GEORGE ano
FASHION aro now prepared to make en?
gagements to take Freight from Granby
Landing to Charleston. All goods fur
warded by this lino will be insured, if de?
sired. Also, forwarded to New York, and
advances made upon the same, if required.
Jan IA Imo A. L. SOLOMON', Agent.
OPENED, this dav, a variety or choice
FANCY ARTICLES of French China
and Bohemian (?lass. Also, lteticule,Lunch
and Traveling BASKETS.
Dee. 27 ' W. B. STANLEY.
rsiO tho physicians and citizens of Co
_I Ivmbia. I would respectfully inform
von that I have taken charge of tho DRUG
DEPARTMENT, in Gio store of Mr. Hardy
Solomon, Assembly Street, where he will
keep constantly oh baud a FRESH AND
LARGE SUPPLY Oi^DRUGS AND ME?
DICINES. I will give rn\ strict attention to
tho PREPARATION OF PRESCRIPTIONS
at all hours of night and day. My long
experience in the drug business in this city
is a sufficient guarantee. Respectfully,
E. M. ZEALY, Druggist*,
At Hardy Solomon's, first store on Assem?
bly Street, West side. Jan 17 1 m .
Schedule over South Carolina R R.
GENERAL SUP'TS OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, January 18, 18CG.
LEAVE Charleston at. C?.(K) a. m.
Arrive at Columbia.4.25 p. m.
Leave Columbia atw.COO a. m.
Arrive at Charleston.4.15 p. m.
Jan 18 H. T. PEAKE, Gen. Sup.
South Carolina Railroad Company,
GEN. SUPERINTENDENT S OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, January 16, ]8(>c
ON and after this dato, Passenger and
Freight Trains will run on tho Augusta
Branch to Graham's, as follows:
Leavo Charleston.COO a. m.
Arriva at Graham's.1.30 p. m.
Leave Graham's.9.10 a. m.
Arrive at Charleston.4.15 p. m.
Jan 17_H. T. PEAKE, (ion. Snp.
Sup'ts Office, Charlotte & S. C. R.^
COLUMBIA, S. C., JANUARY 1, 1866.
ONE HUNDRED LA?
BORERS wanted, to work
<m the track. Applv to WILLIAM REY?
NOLDS, Section Master, at tho Depot.
Jan 3 JAS. ANDERSON, Sup't.
Sup'ts Office, Charlotte & S. C. R. R.,
COLUMBIA, JANUARY 1, 186?.
THIS road is now completed to within
three miles of Ridgeway, ami daily
Passenger Trains running as below:
Leave Charlotte on arrival of the North
Carolina train, at 10 a. m.; arrive near
Ridgeway at 7 p. m., connecting with thc
stages from and to Columbia, and return
to Winmsboro the santo evening. Leave
Winnsboro at G.50 a. rt ; arrive in Charlotte
at 2.80 p. in., connect! . with the through
train on the North Cat Tia Road.
Jan:? IAS. A URSON, Sup't
TO MA UK ROOM FOR
STONG & SUMMEN STOCK*
WUOT.KSAT.E AND liKT.UI. DK.AI.KHS IN
Large & Well-selected Stock
DEDUCED 2?&?CE3 !
CONSIST? NI ? OF:
ACOO]) assortment of PRINTS, nf all
colors .and qualities.
DELAINES, i'? ?FLINK.
French and English MERINO.
Black and Colored Aid'AC V.
DEBEGE, LINDSE L'S.
Opera, White and lied ?Ul-wool and Cot
C. 1 NC. 11 AM, .TACO N KT. S \V i ss M?SLI SSS.
.1 EANS, CAMBRICS, PAPEll OAMRRK IS.
Bleached and Unhleaclii rf HOMESPUN.
Linen and Cotton SH Ki.Ti NC.
SHAWLS. LADIES' CLO A KS.
HATS and BONNETS, Ir'iucrf and tmt'd.
BONNET FRAMES, RIBBONS.
FLOWERS, FEATHEIiS, UUCnES.
BUGLE and other Tune;. Dress and
Handkerchiefs, Gloves, Hosiery.
Cull's, Collars, Hair Nets.
Breakfast Shawls, Sontag?.
Hoop and Balmoral Skirts, Corsets.
Veils, Coate".-, and Clark's Spool Cotton.
ALSO, A FULL LINE OF
GENT'S FMISMM! GOODS !
CONSISTING or: .
Over, Business and Black Frock COAT'S.
PANTS and VESTS of ?di qualities.
White Linen andWoolen OVER-SHIRTS.
Shaker, Merino, Woolen anti Cotton
UNDER-SHIRTS and DltAWERS.
Socks, Suspenders, ColKrs, Wristbands.
Neck-Tics, Pocket Handkerchiefs.
Hats and Caps. %
Fine Pegged and Sewed Boots, Gaiters
Together with a largo und wcll-selcch .1
^^V, '? of Plain and Fancy
FLOUR. BACON. CHEESE, BUTTE3
I - ABD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR.
Whole and Ground Spices, Canih.
Fancy ami Common Soup:-.
Soda! Indigo, Co; peras, bluestone.
Madder and Logwood.
Plain and Fancy Crackers.
Herrings and Mackerel, l>v Ibo barre!
half barrel and kit.
Sweet Oil, Yeast Powders.
Carbonate of Soda, Concentrated L>< .
Fancy and Plain Candies.
Sugar and Fancy Toys, Sardines.
Cotton and Wool Cards.
Pocket and Table- Cutlery, Sciss ?rs.
Tobacco and Segals.
Together with a large assortment o
goods usually kept, and loti numerous ti
ALSO ON HAND,
<5fA huge stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS
Watches, Clocks and Jew? Icy r< paired.
Old (?OLD and SILVE11 bought,
New and second-hand \V?VT'( MIKS bought.
Ao UN IS FOI:
KALB'S PATENT LIMBS.
HARTMAN'S PATENT El AST M
And FAIRBANKS SCALES.
BETWEEN PLAIN & W \*Hl V, T" V,
COLUMBIA, S C