Newspaper Page Text
Tu&sday Morning, February 6,18S8.
IligH Prlfcs---1'lie Currcafy.
Wo are pleased to observe in the
advertisements of some of our mer?
chants, that they ure determined to
reduces the prices of the staple articles
of consumption to a living minimum.
The depreciation of the currency
might have been a pretext for in?
creased rates of merchandize, but
this depreciation of the currency has
ceased.. Gold bas fallon in price, and
the local causes which made heavy
articles of transportation cost a heavy
per centage on their originial value,
has passed away. The South Caro?
lina Railroad is completed, and there
is no reason why goods should be
kept up at the old prices. The cur?
rency is improving, and tho rates of
freight are reduced, and nothing but
the insatiable greed of gain can keep
There is little or no money, and
but little trade. Whatever little
currency is in the market, is held by
the merchants or shop-keepers, and
they take advantage of this state of
things. "True, there are exceptions,
and by and bye, they may have to
succumb, but until that period, we
must starve or pay starving prices.
We will honor the men who, although
their stocks of goods on hand have
cost them much more than they can
lay them in store now for, will reduce
their prices ta a fnjr profit on tho
present cost, with the reduced trans?
There are many remedial means
proposed, and as the ?li?hmond Dis?
patch observes, if there were any such
tiling possible as a voluntary and
contemporaneous reduction of rates,
a great deal of trouble and much in?
dividual disaster might be avoided,
but it is true that no such thing has
ever happened and it need not be
looked for now.
In fact, as the Dispatch says, in a
large part of the business of supply?
ing the wants of mankind, it woi?d
be unreasonable to expect it on any
other ground than that of compulsion.
Men hold their stocks nt existing
rates, and assess upon them their
ordinary profits, which, together,
make up the cost to tho consumer.
Yet those not so sitated are as little
disposed to make concessions from
prevailing rates. Nor are they illogi?
cal in their reasoning on the subject.
They ask, what mtist be our guide as
to the value of our property, if wo
discard the standard prices now ruling
in the market ? And each man will
further inquire : Of what benefit to
society would be a reduction in the
value of my goods or property if no
one else makes that reduction ?
We all know how easy it is to find
a reason for doing what our interest
or inclination tempts us to do. But
this is good reasoning, irrespective of
that infirmity of our nature which
leads us too often to side with that
policy or argument which best pro?
motes our own temporary good, irre?
spective o? other considerations. i5o
that the observant and experienced
man may predict, without the danger
of failing in his prophecy, that prices
will not come down until those who
sell and rent are obliged to submit to
a reduction. It is at the same time
very well for this class of people to
look the condition of things fairly in
the face. It may do them some good,
as well as others. If they do, they
must be prepared for a pressure and
a crash, more or less severe, which
will bear down everything to a rea?
sonable standard-a standard in keep?
ing with the means of consumers and
the extent of business of the country.
It is impossible that this violent
remedy for tho anomalous condition
of affairs can bo long postponed.
With us in Columbia, tho direct com?
munication we have with New York
by steamers from New York to
Charleston-thence to our city by
railroad-we ought to obtain our
supplies at ola prices, save the slight
depreciation in the currency. When
our railroad communication to the
West is opened, we look for a larger
reduction in the prices of provisions.
PAKDONED. - A Washington de?
spatch says that on Wednesday last,
General J. S. Preston. < t South
Carolina, was pardoned; also, four
others from South Carolina, of the
In the House of Representatives of i
Tjouisiana, the Judiciary Committee
reported adversely on ail plans and ;
bills looking to a stay law.
Constitutional Amendment Passed.
The House of Representatives lias
passed the representation amendment
by a vote of 120 yeas against 46 nays.
The following is the amendment :
ARTICLE -. Representatives shall
be apportioned among the several
States which may be included in this
Union according to their respective
numbers, counting the whole num?
ber of persons in each State, exclud?
ing Indians not taxed ; provided, that
?whenever the elective franchise shall be
denied or abridged in any Slate, on
account of race or color, all persons of
such race or color shall be excludedfrom
the basis of representation.
It Lad already passed thc Senate,
but before it can be confirmed it must
be ratified by three-fourths of the
States. Only four Republicans, in?
cluding Mr. Raymond, voted against
its passage. This shows conclusively
the influence of Thad. Stevens in the
House, and tho immense strength of
It is proper to say that tho amend?
ment passed as above differs only
from the ono previously reported
from the committee of fifteen, in
leaving ont all allusion feo direct
taxes, not changing the Constitution
in that respect. The effect of tho
amendment is simply to exclude from
the basis of representation all to -whom
the elective franchise is denied or
abridged on account of race or color
The amendment is precisely the saine
in purport and substance as that in?
troduced by Mr. Blaine, of Maine,
on the 8th of January, the phrase
"civil or political rights or privileges"
used by Mr. Blaine being change i to
1 'elective franchise" by the committee
Important-Lands on thc Coast.
A special despatch to the Charles?
ton News, dated Washington, 2d inst.,
say s :
The question having been submit?
ted to Gen. Sherman, who is now
here, as to what ho meant by his
military order tinning over the
island lands in South Carolina to the
negroes,-he has stated to a committee
of gentlemen from that State, and
also -written a letter to the President,
that it was only for temporary pur?
poses, aad was not intended to last
longer than when peace was declared,
and the rebels laid down their arms
and submitted to the laws.
This fact is of great importance,
as it has been maintained by legisla?
tors that tho reverse of this was Gen.
Sherman's idea. He also says that he
only intended the lands to be used
for the aged and helpless freedmen,
and he distinctly says that the title
of the freedmen could last only so
long as the war lasted.
"On the AVlng."
FEBRUARY 2, 18G?.
DEAR PHCENIX: I am now passing
through the old North State, but
going at steam car speed. I have
but littlr. time for observation. This
is destined to become one of the first
States in our Southland. She is rich
in mineral resources-coal, iron ore,
gold, silver, copper, etc., are found
in many places, and a few diamonds
have been found in some parts oj
North Carolina has always been
unfavorably circumstanced, her geo?
graphical boundaries, the want of si
commercial centre, and many othei
things have tended to impede thc
full development of the rich native
resources of this beautiful and pic?
turesque land. In literature, this
State is not behind many of bei
sister States, and especially is thu
the case in tho department of tin
The common school system of this
State is beautiful in theory, but fail;
to attain the contemplated objects foi
the want of a sufficient number o
capable teachers. This, howe% ar
will be remedied within a few years.
The people of this State were some
what tardy in joining tho late Con
federacy, but when they were arousec
they moved with great unanimity
and made some of the bravest soldier
that have ever fought or died.
This people have ever been not?e
for their honesty and other trait
of high moral character. All thing
arc quiet at present and all the goot
citizens are rapidly adjusting them
selves to the new state of affairs. Th
freedmen are generally doing well
making contracts, with their forme
owners and indicating a dispositioi
to be. honest and industrious.
More anon. OMEGA.
FROM SPABTAKB?KG. -Th? Spartan
burg Spartan announces that AV. J
Tolleson died at Charlotte, N. C., o
the 18th ult., of typhoid pneumonic
The Spartan also mentions the deat
of another citizen of that District
who was instantly killed while tryin
to escape from a party of troops wh
had gone to arrest him.
The Spartanburg Spartan, F. M
Trimmier editor, has boen revived.
' Correspondence of ttte Phoenix.
WASHINGTON, January 30, 1866.
The great question '.of the hour is
the President's conversation with a
Senator, reported in the morning
papers. The conversation has fallen
like a bomb-shell in the Republican
camp. In this conversation, the Pre?
sident states his opposition to further
amendments of the Constitution and
the negro suffrage bill for the District
of Columbia. The Republicans are
furious; but they shudder at a rup?
ture with the President, because they
hate to give up their hold on the
spoils. It would seem that the Pre?
sident and tho Repubhcan party must
come to blows. But both opponents
aro playing-the President for the
advantage of the issue, and the Re?
publicans to save the patronage. The
President cannot count securely on
one-third of either House. The
Republicans cannot agree on the pro?
posed amendment to the Constitu?
tion, changing the basis of represen?
tation. It is intended to refer it back
to the committee. Some of the Re?
publicans object to the amendment,
because it is too favorable to the
South. They say the South will
gladly give up eighteen or twenty
votes in the House to prevent negro
suff rage, especially as the South would
lose uothing in the Senate; and by
dividing Texas into four States, with
very little aid from the Northern
Smites, could control tho Senate.
Hence this amendment does not go
far enough to suit some of the radi?
cals, who are bent on making a cer?
tainty of negro suffrage.
The negro suffrage bill for this Dis?
trict lingers in the Senate. It is tc
be hoped that it will pass, so that
the President may get a chance tc
The President's position is very pe?
culiar. He cannot rely upon his Ca?
binet for active sympathy in his policy.
McCulloch is a mere financier; of tin
balance, Mr. Seward is the only con
servative in the Cabinet. Harlan'.?
speech, made a few nights ago, ir
which he says lie prefers to trust
negroes that are ignorant, but loyal,
with the right of suffrage, than tc
trust wise rebels, shows how radica
he is; and Harlan is a specimen bric!
of the Cabinet.
A letter from Mr. Barringer, o
North Carolina, is very prominently
paraded by the Republicans, as justi
fying their action in reference to re
construction. Barringer advises de
lay, and says tho Southern peopl
have not made sufficient proof o
their loyalty. Governor Brownlo\
is also out in a letter in the sam
strain, only a little more so.
I have just seen an intelligent gen
tleman from the new State of Wes
Virginia. He saj'S the la xs there ar
extremely oppressive on former COD
federates. Almost the only privileg
a Confederate has there, is the priv:
lege of being sued; and yet the Gc
vernor of that State is calling for mor
repressive laws. No importance i
attached to the rumor that the presoi:
Virginia State Government is to b
set aside, and a Provisional Govemc
appointed. This rumor is set on foe
to scare the Legislature, which doc
not entirely agree with Governc
Pierpont in the distribution of th
State patronage. The Governor warn
to take care of his particular friend
and the Legislature, too, has i
friends to be taken care of.
Mr. Wilson has introduced a bi
increasing the number of cadets i
West Point, and confines the appoin
ment of them to States represented i
Congress. The object is doubtless 1
fill up the cadet appointments befoi
the Southern States are re-admitte<
It is to bo feared that Trumbull
bill, which gives the island lands i
South Carolina to the negroes, wi
pass the House. It is thought thi
the President may veto it. Gen. She
man says he never intended to gb
the lands to the negroes, by his orde
beyond the period of the war. She
man is very conservative now.
Advices from Nassau to the 17t
ult., state that the cholera is makii
terrible ravages in some of the We
India Islands. The disease pvevaih
in its most violent form at Guad
loupe, and had also made its appea
ance at Barbadoes. In consequen
of the epidemic, the Legislature h:
re-assembled, and the authorities In
taken counsel to adopt measures
meet the emergency. A law w
promptly adopted for enforcing qui
antine and placing funds at the coi
maud of the Executive. Later a
vices from Pointe-a-Pitre state th
thc population of that place had be
reduced nearly one-half. People wt
flying in all directions to escape t
plague, which was spreading rapit
to all the districts.
List of Proposed Amendment? to tho
A Washington correspondent of the
New York Times says :
As much confusion must necessa?
rily exist in the public mind as to the
nature of the original proposition
and the subsequent amendments, I
append all that have been offered in
regular order, many others having
been offered, but, as after a certain
parliamentary limit amendments can?
not be entertained, they will not be
The original proposition (by Mr.
Stevens) is as follows:
"Resolved, ??" the Senate and House
of Representatives of ?ic United States
of America, in Congress assembled,
tvoo-tftirds cf both Houses concurring.
That the following article be proposed
-to the Legislatures of the several
States as an amendment to the Con?
stitution of the United States, which,
when ratified by three-fourths of
said Legislatures, shall be valid as
a part of the Constitution: 'Repre?
sentation and direct tc^es shall be
apportioned among the several States
which may be included within thin
Union, according to their respective
numbers, counting the whole numbei
of persons in each State, excluding
Indians not 'taxed: Provided, Thal
whenever the elective franchise sholl
be denied or abridged in any Stak
on account of race or color, all per?
sons ot such race or color shall bc
excluded from the basis of represen
For this Mr. Kelly, of Pennsylva
nia, offered the following as a substi
"Representatives and direct taxes
shall be apportioned among the seve
ral States which may be includec
within ?Tiis Union according to theil
respective numbers, counting tin
whole number of persons in eacl
State, excluding Indians not taxed
provided, that whenever the elective
franchise shall be denied or abridget
in any State on account of race o:
color, all persons therein of such rnc<
or color shall bc excluded from tin
basis of representation: And pr?vida
fur?ier, That this article shall notb<
construed lo affect the power of Con
gress to regulate the qualification fo
electors of the most numerous brand
of the Legislatures of the severn
Mr. Baker, of Illinois, moves ti
amend Mr. Kelly's amendment as fol
"Representatives shall be appot
tioued among the several State
which may be included in this Unio
according to their respectivo nun
hers, which shall be determined b
counting the whole number of pei
sons in each State: Provided, Th?
whenever the elective franchise sha
be denied or abridged in any Stat
on account of race or color, all pei
sons of such race or color shall li
excluded from the basis of represei
tation, and no State within this Unio
shall ' prescribe or establish any pre
perty qualification which may, c
shall in any wise, abridge the electiv
Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, moved tin
the pending resolution and am?ne
ments be recommitted to the Con
mittee on Reconstruction, with ii
! structions to report an amendment 1
j the Constitution which shall-firs
I apportion direct taxation among tl
States, according to the property i
each; and which shall-second, a]
portion representatives among tl
States on the basis of adidt ma
voters who may be citizens of tl
Mr. Elliot, of Massachusetts, move
to amend the instructions of M
Lawrence as follows: by striking o
all after the word "Constitution
and inserting in lieu thereof:
4 I roviding that representatives ai
direct taxes shall be apportion!
among the several States which nn
bo included within the Union, accor
ing to their respective numbei
counting the whole number of pi
sons in each State, excluding India
not taxed, and the elective franchi
shall not bo denied or abridged
any State on account of race or coloi
Mr. Schenck, of Ohio, moved
amend the amendment of Mr. Elli
"Strike ont all after the word 'rc
resentative, ' and insert 'shall
apportioned among the several Stat
which may be included within tl
Union, according to the number
male citizens of the United Stat
I over 21 years of age, having the qui
i fications requisite for electors of i
I most numerous branch of the Sti
Legislature.' The Congress, at th
first session after the ratification
this amendment by the requii
number of States, shall provide
law for the actual enumeration
such voters, and such actual ei
meration shall be separately made
a general census of the population
all the States within every subsequi
term of ten years, in such manner
Congress may by law direct. '1
number of representatives shall i
exceed one for every 125,000 of act
population, but each State shall hi
nt least one representative."
Mr. Broomall, of Pennsylvai
moves to amend the original prop?
tion, by striking out all after the wc
provided, and inserting that:
"Whenever by the constitution
laws of any State the right of F
frage shall be denied any proport
of its male citizens over the ago
twenty-one years, the same prof
tion of its entii*e population shall
excluded from its basis at represei
In addition to all these prop
tions is tlie President's amendment,
already printed, as follows: "Repre?
sentatives shall bc apportioned among
the several States which may be in?
cluded within the Union, according
to the number of qualified voters in
each State. Direct taxes shall be
apportioned among the several States
which may be included within this
Union, according to the value of all
taxable property in each State."
The President's Views.
The special correspondent of the
Charleston Cowrie?*,, nuder date of tho
30th ult., writes:
The President had another free and
full conversation yesterday upon pub?
lic affairs, not with members of Con?
gress, but with private citizens. He
spoke very decidedly and strongly
against the new freedmen's bill, which
has passed the Senate by a vote of
thirty-seven to ten. He talked of the
bill for forcing negro suffrage on the
people of this District as impolitic
and oppressive. He did not say
whether he would veto it or not, but
? intimated that the feelings of the in
I habitants of tho District ought to be
The President remarked that if the
; people would observe the coiu*3e ol
J things here in Congress, they would
I withdraw all confidence from thal
bod}'. He considered the establish?
ment of the Joint Committee of Fif?
teen on Reconstruction as a delega?
tion of power to an irresponsible and
. dangerous tribunal. That body, ope
j rating in secret, with unbounded
; powers, is an obstruction to free de
j liberation and independent action on
i the part of Congress. Hi? expressed
his disapprobation of the entire course
of policy which hud KO far guid?e
! Congress. He uttered strong objec?
tions against the proposed amend
ments, or any amendment, to thc
Constitution, at present.
There is meaning, certainly, in traci
utterances as have lately come so free
ly from the President. In the sam?
proportion in which his political ther
niometer rises, that of tho Republi
cans in Congress fall. Thus it is tba
Senator Fessenden speaks so sensibly
I and with so much moderation. Thu
it is that the radical power in botl
? Houses are becomiug a little dis
couraged. One or two vetoes wouh
scatter and confuse them. After Mi
Fessendei. ?eclarations anti explana
tions, there is little danger of an al
tenipt to impeach and remove Presi
dent Johnson-certainly so far as hi
conduct heretofore is concern?e
It would be difficult to obtain, 1
opposition to Mr. Fessenden's inflr
ence, a two-third's vote for remo va
if the House should, as they can dc
j prefer articles of impeachment by
I The Courier states that a gran
! complimentary banquet was given i
the Mills House, Charleston, to h
Excellency Gov. James L. Orr, c
Thursday night. Quite a number <
distinguished guests were present, tl
! event being made an occasion for
pleasant and social re-union.
The invited guests assembled in
private parlor of the Mills Hon
about 8 o'clock, and sat down to
supper served np in the magnifi?e:
style of the establishment, with ever
thing of the richest and choicest d
scriptiou. Lieutenant-Governor Pc
ter presided at one end of the tab]
supported on the right by the G
vernor and Bishop Lynch, and <
j the left by Wm. Gillmore Simms ai
Ii. W. Spratt, Esqs. Mayor Gailla
j did the honors at the other end of t
j table, supported on the right by Ho
i A. Burt, and on the left by the Ho
A. G. Macke}'.
The evening passed oft' in the plc
saut interchange and steady flow
i wit and sentiment and impromp
i speeches, it being previously undi
stood and agreed upon that ?
! speeches were to be avoided in t
I proceedings. The party separated
! an early hour in the morning, w
j pleased with the social and agreeal
incidents of tho occasion.
FROM MEXICO.-Late Matamoj
? dates have been received. Bagd
; was abandoned by the Liberals a
' by tho United States guard on t
'20th ult. The Imperial troops
entered on the same day. Nearl}'
the merchants of Matamoros, bc
j Mexican and foreign, and among 1
former several prominent and inf
ential Liberals, have published
solemn protest against the conduct
the United States army and the ci
officers on tho Texas side, ehargi
them with being responsible for
troubles and outrages on that front
by acting as partisans of Juarez, v
has no basis for operations tli
except, that afforded by said offici
The protest is very severe, and
truth is officially certified by the C
suis of Spniu, France and Great J
tain, resident at Matamoros.
j Baker, late detective of the "S
' Department, was found guilty on
1st by a jury of the charge of fi
imprisonment, but not <>n that
Advertisements, to insure insertion,
should bo handed in by 4 o'clock p. in.
CASH.-Our terms for uubncription, ad?
vertising and job work are ?aili. \Yr hoi}?
all parties will bear this in mind.
COUNTERFEITERS. -We learn that HOURI
parties passing off counterfeit note* wei.,
arrested in this city on .Saturday last.
"THE Conn."-Thc Acts passed hy tho
Legislature relative to thc freedmen, for
sale at this office. Prien 20 cents; by mail
MAIL DETENTION.-Thc mail train from
Charleston on Saturday afternoon at 4.25,
did not arrive until Sunday at 2? a. m. Tho
?rain ran oft tho track, without injnry to
the passengers, we learn; hence tin: delay
in its arrival.
TH? BURNINO OF COLUMBIA. -An inter?
esting accouut ol tho * 'Sack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," ha?
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Thar ute. steam power pres?. Orders
can be filled to any extent.
We nave heard it rumored that the Mills
House is charging $5 per day. We take
great pleasure in informing tho public that
it is untrue. Tho charge per day is the
name as that of thc Charleston Hotel - $4
per day for transient boarders.
THE WEATH ?R.-It made a desperate at?
tempt to snow, yesterday morning, about
9 o'clock. It soon held up; but the atmos?
phere grew colder every hour. About sun?
set., then; waa a slight fall .of something
between snow and sleet, and we would
not bo surprised if our readers should lind
a white coat on the ground this morning.
A meotiug of tho Israelites of Columbia
was held on the 4th inst., at Odd Fellows'
Hall, for the purpose of organizing a He?
brew congregation, when the following
officers were elected to serve for tho ensu?
ing year: President, M. Foot; Vice-Presi?
dent, I). C. Peixotto; Secretary, J. Mendel;
Treasurer, II. Solomon; Trastees, J. C.
Lyons, J. Levin, S. E. Massardee, M. Gold?
THE SUNDAY MAILS.-Several merchants
have complained to us that they receive no
mails on Sunday.from Charlestou. We do
not understand the cause of this defection
on thc part of the post office at the other
one of thc line. From Columbia, the letters
written ou Saturday evening aro mailed to
Charleston every Sunday morning. Tho
post officials at Charlestou must sleep late
on Sunday mornings. Seriously, however,
it is a great inconvenience tc the mercan?
tile community, this continnefd ailnre of tho
mails on Sunday.
WEEKLY FAMILY PAPER.-On tho 14th
instant, we shall commence the publication
of a family paper, entitled "The Weekly
Gleaner-A Home Companion." The paper
will be double thc size of tho Phonix, and
will contain the cream of tho news, miscel?
laneous matter, editorials, stories, etc., in
tho daily and tri-weekly publications. Sub?
scription price $4 i>cr annum. Specimen
copies sent on application. There will bo
an interval of two weeks between the pub?
lication of thc first and second numbera.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
aro published this morning for tho first
C. D. Ebcrhardt-Tailoring.
Burn <fc Taylor-Carriages and Buggies.
Apply at this Office-Carriage Trimmer.
True Brotherhood Lodge-Meeting.
Fisher ,t Lowrance-Potatoes.
Apply on Sumter street-Day Board.
T. J.'Gibson-Potatoes, Onions, Ac.
A letter to the Loudon Times, dated
at Madrid, 'January 5, says of tho in?
surrection in Spain:
"At the head of the insurgents, or
at least at the direction of their move?
ments, is, it is now ascertained beyond
doubt, Gen. Prim, who has with him
j Milans del Rosch and other officers,
his fellow-campaigners in Morocco
and Mexico. If one could believe his
Progressista friends, Prim knows very
well what he is about, hos met with
full success, has been joined by a
detachment of troops and volunteers,
and commands a forco of 6,000 to
8,000 men. At Oillairejos des Sal
vanes, he had, on the 2d, ordered
2,000 rations. If all we hear is true,
and he has no chance of success in
front, he has the open country in his
rear, and the whole of Arragon and
Catalonia, it is supposed, to support
HEALTH OF NEW YORK.-The health
commissioners of New York had an
important meeting on Tuesday. Three
thousand posters were ordered to be
printed, and distributed about the
city, calling upon parents to have
their children vaccinated immediate?
ly. The inference from this would
seem to be that small-pox is unplea?
santly prevalent. It was also resolved
to ask the Legislature to petition the
General Government to adopt a uni?
form system of quarantine, to be ap?
plied to tho whole coast, permitting
each State to select its own grounds
and appoint its own officers, but com?
pelling each State to adopt the Fede?
ral plan. This is intended as a pre?
caution against the cholera. Late
accounts from the West India Island
of Guadal crape, state that the cholera
still continued to rage there with fear?
I Colonel Wood, formerly of thc
? Natchez Free Trader, who went to
Brazil to negotiate with the Emperor
! for a tract of land on the Amazon for
I a Southern settlement, came passen -
I ger on the steamer South America,
i Tho Colonel ia quite enthusiastic
I over the success of his scheme.