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Daily Paper $10 a Year
'Let our Just Censure
lil (KN IX:
Attend the True Event.'
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 7, 1866.
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year.
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WKEKLY,
EVEBY WEDNESDAY MOBNLNQ,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Daily Paper, six months.$5 00 '
fl^ri-Weekly, " " .3 50
Weekly, " " .2 00
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
SS~ Special notices 10 cents a line.
Thomas P. Slider, Charleston.
H. L. Darr, Sumter.
S. P. Kinard, Newberry.
gConnting Howse Calendar for 1SO0.
New Baili of Representation.
We noticed yesterday the bili pass?
ed by the House of Representatives
of Congress, fixing a new basis of
representation. AH a matter of in?
terest, and to place it on record, we
subjoin the proceedings of the House
on the occasion of its passage:
Mr. Stevens, from the Joint Com?
mittee on Reconstruction, to whom
were referred the joint resolution and
all of the proposed amendments to
amend the Constitution of the United
States so as to provide for a new basis
of representation, reported the fol?
lowing joint resolution as a substi?
tute for the propositions referred to
Resolved, By the Senate and House
of Representatives, etc., (two-thirds
of both Houses concurring,) that the
following article be proposed to the
L?gislatures of the several States, as
an amendment to the Constitution of
the United States, which, when rati?
fied by three-fourths of said Legisla?
tures, shall be valid as part of said
"Article-Representatives shall be
apportioned among the several States
which may be included within this
Union according to their respective
numbera, counting the whole number
of persons in each State, excluding
Indians not taxed. Provided, That
whenever the elective franchise shall
be denied or abridged in o ny State on
account of race or color, all persons
therein of such race or color shall be
exoluded from the basis of represen?
tation." I This amendment is tho!
same heretofore under consideration, j
except that tho words-"and direct \
taxes"-are stricken out after the
Mr. Stevens addressed the House
in support of the amendment as mo?
dified, which he had just reported.
He said that it differed only from the
amendment heretofore under con?
sideration by striking out the word?
"and direct taxes." He held differ?
ently from the position at the other
end of the avenue, that the Constitu?
tion needed no amendment, but
shonld remain as our fathers made it.
But Congress had a dnty to dis?
charge, he contended, only equalled ?
for weal or woe to that Convention j
which issued the Declaration of Inde-1
pendence. The present and future
generations awaited the legislation of j
this Congress ri the basis of freedom j
with the greatest and deepest interest.
If the fathers had placed the Con- !
stitution on the basis of freedom in j
the Declaration of Independence,
there would have b^en no necessity
for the present amenumeut, and every I
one now would have been free and
equal before the law. But at the time
when it was proposed to reduce the
principles of the declaration into tho
organic law of the land, a spirit hot
from hell appeared among the found?
ers of the Government, which has
been growing larger and stronger ever
since. The fathers, to preserve and
harmonize the conflicting views of
the thirteen colonies, made a com?
promise in the Constitution. At the
time that took place, there were but
90 bales of cotton exported. Now,
there were 3,000,000. Then, there
were but a few slaves, while now
there were 4,000,000 of freedmen-the
slaves having increased so rapidly as
to exceed even the whitepopulation
of the Southern States. He reviewed
tbe present time as the one to do jus?
tice to the principles of the Consti?
tution, and he would say now, that
he would rather not live than to en?
tertain the sentiment of the gentle?
man from New York, (Mr. Raymond,)
and those above him, that the Con?
stitution did not need any amend?
Mr. Raymond, (interrupting) said
that Mr. Stevens misunderstood him
in saying that he opposed all amend?
ments. He expressly conceded that
some amendment similar to the pend?
ing one should be adopted.
Mr. Stevens (continuing) said he
alluded as much to a gentleman at
the other end of the avenue as to the
gentleman from New York. Ho had
as much respect for the President as
any one, but be did not endorse bim,
for he bad put fortb a document in
the shape of a command to this House,
which was a usurpation and violation
of the indes and privileges of this
House, and a bnndred years ago
would have cost a British king bis
bead, bad be sent such an edict in
such a way to Parliament. Without
this amendment, he contended that
the States always had the right to re?
gulate the elective franchise, and be
held that the pending amendment
did not take away this right when it
became incorporated in tbe Constitu?
tion. It said, however, to these States,
that if they abused the elective fran?
chise, the Constitution would hold a
penalty over them.
All knew of the aspiration and am?
bition of the Southern States to rule
this nation-for having failed to ruin
the country they would now try to
rule it; but the constitutional amend?
ment would say to those States, just
so far as you abuse the elective fran?
chise by refusing a vote to the most
loyal part of your population, j ust so
in proportion shall you lose your
power in the Government by losing
your representation in the halls of
Congress. The South would lose, by
this amendment, thirty-five repre?
sentatives. Their representation
would be reduced from eighty to
forty-five; and then we could add, he
said, the whole nest of Copperheads,
and freedom would still bo trium?
phant in this ball. Mr. Stevens then
proceeded to favor the education
civil and rebgious-of the freedmen
for four or five years to come, and
when they became quabfied ho would
give them sufi rage. But be did not
want them to vote till they were
qualified, and then be would give
them representation. He would
frankly say that he did not want their
representation until that time.
Tn a few years he would not be
herc to see those on the other side oi
the house draw daggers on him when
ho made such a speech as he now was
making, as was the case many years
ago, but freemen would occupy theil
places. He opposed Mr. Schenck's
proposition to apportion representa
tiou among male voters. It was, bc
said, in one respect objectionable.
It seemed to indicate a fear of rivalry
with the women as much as the De
mocrats bad feared the rivalry of tb?
negro. While be could not get al
he wanted, be would take what coule
bc carried tlirough the States ant
through two-thirds of both bouses
While he bad respect for the recen
opinion of the President, it was wei
known that this amendment did no
go to him for his signature, and i
was, therefore, all thc more kind fo
the President to send his opinion t
Mr. Smith, of Kentucky, cabed fe
tho reading of the President's view.'
to which Mr. Stevens bad aUudei
?The Clerk then read tho Associate
'ress telegram in Monday's paper!
giving a conversation of a Senate
with the President.]
Mr. Ingersoll, of Illinois, aske
Mr. Stevens bow bo knew those to I
the President's views ?
Mr. Stevens said he was satisfie
in his own mind with bis anthoril
that those were the views of the Pr
Mr. Ingersoll asked for the antin
Mr. Stevens. O ! I cannot reve
to the gentleman all of the secre
between the President and mysel
[Great laughter.] But the Preside!
had nothing to do with the amen*
ment. The House, it was true, ht
sent the other constitutional ameu
nient to President Lincoln, who bi
signed it, and modestly returned it
the House?, stating that be did n
think that the Constitution requir?
But while we sent it, said M
Stevens, to Mr. Lincoln, we sbou
send no constitution?! amendment
Andrew Johnson. He then aliud'
to Mr. Raymond'sspoech. .nd doch
ed that tho Southern States we
belligerent during the war beyond
doubt, the gentleman's opinion
the contrary. He admired Mr. Rc
mond, who was powerful in assai
I and cunning in defence, and co
mended his amiability of temper, b
j the softening of the brain was son
? times taken for tenderness of t
heart. He quoted the conclusion of
Raymond's speech, where he spoke of
the rebel dead lying with our own,
and being the nation's forevermore.
Mr. Stevens said the gentleman had
spoken of the rebel dead with our own
dead, who gave up their lives at Get?
tysburg ana the kindred ?eids of ibo
war. Instead of leaving them to rot iii
their dishonored graves, unwept and
unsung, they are to be resurrected to
the front ranks of the nation, and
monuments erected to their memory.
He deemed such talk on the part of
the gentleman as simply blasphemy,
and if the spirits of the dead could
burst the cerements of the tomb and
stalk from their graves, wrapped in
their bloody shrouds, they would re?
buke the gentleman for such blasphe?
my until his eye-balls were seared.
Mr. Raymond said that he spoke
only of the courage of the rebel sol?
diers, and did not claim them as with
the loyal dead.
Loud cries of '-question," "ques?
tion," came from all parts of the hall.
The House then proceeded to vote.
Mr. Schenck offered his amendment
basing apportionment on votes, as a
substitute. It was not agreed to
yeas 38, nays 130.
The House then passed, by the
requisite two-thirds vote, the consti?
tutional amendment just as it came
this morning from tho Reconstruc?
tion Committee, and giveu above in j
full. The yeas were 120, and thc
A General Assortment of Fino Family
WINES & UQU0?St
Always on hand and for sale by
INGER PRESERVES, CITRON.
VT PRUNES, CURRANTS.
Ground MACE and CINNAMON.
" GINGER and SPICE.
SAL?ERATUS and SODA.
Peaches, Pino Apple?, Ac., (canned.)
Barley, Leaf Lard.
Extra Family Flour.
Java and Rio Coffee.
Green and Black Teas.
New Hams, Sides and Strips.
Smoked Beef, Goshen Butter.
Half and whole obis. No. 1 Mackerel.
Fine BRANDIES, WHISKIES, GIN.
Port, Sherrv and Madeira WINES.
St. Marceaux & Co.'s CHAMPAGNE.
Prices fixed as LOW AS POSSIBLE
hoping to give satisfaction to all who may
honor us with a call.
BRIDGE STREET, JUST BELOW
Feb 4 BICHA IIDSOX.
Brass and Copper.
THE highest prices paid for old BRASS,
COPPER, LEAD and ZINC, at
Corner of Gads len and Washington sts.
Orders for e- .TV description of BRASS
CASTINGS filh i with neatness and de?
Edwin J. Scott,
HAS opened a Broker's and Exchango
Office in Columbia; will furnish checks
on New York and Charleston in sums to
suit purchasers. Attend to buying and
selling SPECIE, BANK BILLS, STOCKS,
BONDS, &c, on commission, and make
cash advances on consignments of Cotton,
to be sold in Charleston or New York.
Office at C. H. Baldwin's store, corner
Main and Washington streets.
Jan 23 2mo*
South. Carolina-Union District.
IN THE COURT OF ORDINARY.
Reuben Briant and Sarah, his wife, Appli?
cants, vs. Wm. Kirby, B. C. Kirby and
IT appearing to my satisfaction that
Samuel Kirby, Miles Kirby, Alexander
Leckec and wife, Jesso Clark and Martha,
his wife, A. T. Briant and Adeline, his wife,
and Joseph Martin and Isabella, his wife,
defendants in this case, reside without tho
limits of this State:
It is, therefore, ordered that they appear
before me, on or before the 12th day of
February, A. D. 186G, and object to tho
division or sale of tho real estate of Terry
Kirby, deceased, or their consent will bo
entered of record. C. GAGE, O. U. D.
Ordinary's Office, Nov. 21,1865.
Nov 30 wl2
South Carolina-Union District.
IN THE COURT OF ORDINARY.
Sarah Hames, Applicant, vs. Stephen Fowler
et au, Defendants.
IT appearing to my satisfaction that
Betsy Bently, Elbert Fowler, Julia
Sprouse, Coleman Hames, Presley Hames
and William Hames, defendants in this
case, reside without the limits of this State:
It is, therefore, ordered that they appear
before me, on or before tho 12th day of
February, A. D. 1866, and object to "thc
division or sale of the real estate of Polly
White, deceased, or their consent will be
entered of record. C. GAGE, O. U. D.
Ordinary's Office, Nov. 20, 1865.
! Nov 30 wi 2
Hnv ?nil Rr
UJ UUU Ul
TO COMPRESS WM FOR T
|^\.\ \\\ RY this system of compressing, tin
|$|?^ei|ee:).tago in freight, and preventing lo
t-^--~-to the seller a higher price. Orden
South Carolina Railroad Depot, Columbia, S
Bank of Hamburg, S. C.
ACONTENTION of the Stockholders of
this Bank is called to meet at their
Banking House, in this place, on WEDNES?
DAY, the 28th ot' February next.
Attendance, cither in person or by proxy,
is earnestly requested, as matters ?t <;rcat
importance will be [?resented for their con?
sideration. .1. W. STOKES. President.
Hamburg, S. C., January 28; ISM.
Jan 27 1 mo
Q AA/"! CAST STEEL, Nailors, Bnt
O-VJVJl/ cher's and Wade's.
Oval, Round, Tiri'. Horse-shoe, broad,
Band and Hoon IRON.
IN LA " CK (?VAX TI TI KS,
AT VERY LOW PRICES,
Jan 31 li.^o*
, ROYLE & W,i
FORWARDING cz COMMISSION
COLUMBIA, S. C*.
E. w. MIK!::.5" WM. A. r.ovu;. JAS. L. SMITH.
Jan bs tinao
TO the physicians and citizens of Co?
lumbia. 1 would respectfully inform
von thai 1 nave taken charge of trie DRUG
DEPARTMENT, in the store of Mr. Hardy
Solomon, Assembly Street, whero ho will
keep constan! Iv on hand a FRESH AND
LARGE SUPPLY OF DRUGS AND ME
I D?CINES. ". I will give my ?trier, attention to
I the PREPARATION OP PRESCRIPTIONS
\ at ali honrs of nisrht and day. My long
experience in tho drug business in this city
is a sufficient guarantee. Respeotfullv,
E. M. ZEALY, Druggist",
At Hardy Solomon's, first ttore on Assem?
bly Street," West side Jan 17 lm
LUDWI GT& K??f IN G E,
ENGRAVERS & LITHOGRAPHERS,
CO liX KR NINTH AND URO A I) S TS.,
Jan 30 3mo
OFFICE IX COTTON TOWN,
WILL store or attend to tho forwarding
of COTTON, PRODUCE, FURNI?
TURE and GOODS entrusted io their care.
Will also sell HORSES, rd ULES, CAT?
We pledge ourselves to use every endea?
vor to promoto the welfare of those who
mav favor us with their patronage.
J. M. CRAWFORD. L. P. MILLER.
jg3~ Charleston News, Newberry Herald,
Winnsboro News, Chester Standard, Abbe?
ville Raiiuer, Anderson Intelligencer and
Greenville Mountaineer will publish two
weeks, and forward bills. Dec 30
Plantations to Rent.
ON the 1st MONDAY in February, at Co?
lumbia, by order of thc Executor of
the late James OTIanlon, will be disposed
of to tho highest approved bidder, tho
LAND belonging to said estate, for the
year 18GG, and known as the Singleton and
Log Castle Tracts. They are superibr cot?
ton and grain lands. CO or 70 hands can
be advantageously employed on the Sin?
gleton place, and about 25 or 30 at Log
Castle. W. A. HARRIS, Agent.
LEVIN & PEIXOTTO,
GENERAL AUCTIONEERS AND COM?
MISSION AGENTS, COLUMBIA, S. C.
Comer Assembly and Plain Streets.
OFFER their services to dispose off or
purchase PRODUCE, REAL ESTATE
or PERSONAL PROPERTY of any and
every kind, and from their general know?
ledge of business hope to merit a share of
public patronage. JACOB LEVIN,
Late Book-keeper Exchange Bank.
1). C. PEIXOTTO.
Formerly associated with F. Lance.
Jan 13 _
HAYING a large STORE and WARE?
HOUSE convenient, to the South
Carolina, Greenville and Columbia Rail?
road Depots. 1 am prepared to receive and
forward, store or sell, on commission,
COTTON. COUNTRY PRODUCE and
MERCHANDIZE generally. Anything
consigned to my care, with instructions,
will receive my own personal and prompt
attention. J. L. LUMSDEN,
Corner Lady and Assembly stree ts.
Jan 14 t Near Post Oftice. Columbia.
RANSPORTATION OB STORAGE.
ire is a saving to thc shipper of a par?;<-i i iy
ss hy wear and tear, besiuo sccuring^^?-'j
-s taken at the Press, adjoining thcaSwB
. C. Jan 27 Imo*
.ih~.&ip FROM *
Columbia to Charleston.
rflHE NEW and FIRST-CLASS LIGHT
X. DRAFT STEAMERS GEORGE and
FASHION aro now prepared to make en?
gagements to take Freight from Granby
Landing to Charlcstoji. All goods for?
warded br this hno will he insured, if de?
sired. Also, forwarded to Now York, and
advances made upon the same, if required.
Jan 14 Imo A. L. SOLOMON, Agent:
Sup'ts Office, Charlotte & S. C. E. E.,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JANUARY 1, 1806.
mr^&?Sn ONE HUNDRED LA
---ifiW?r^^bOr.ERS wanted, to work
on tho truck. Applv to WILLIAM REY?
NOLDS, Section Master, at th.- Depot.
Jan 3_ _ JAS. ANDERSON, ?np't^_
THROUGH ROUTE NORTH,
VIA ru A a LO TTE AND UREENS
liORO. X. C.. A XI> DANVILLE
AND RICHMOND, VA.
STAGES leave Columbia, S. C., daily,
connecting with Charlotte and South
Arrive at Charlotte, N. C. 2.30 p. m.
Leave Charlotte.3.00 p. m.
Arrive at Greensboro. N. C.. .10.00 p. m.
Leave Greensboro.-10.20 p. m.
Arrive at Richmond, "Va. 3.15 p. m.
the following day, connecting with evening
trains for Washington and all thc North?
Close connections made, and no delay on
this route. Nearest and best route North.
J. FITZ JAMES, Agent
_ Jan 28 Smo R. D^tJ^Railroads. _
Greenville and Columbia Railroad.
GEN'L SUPERINTENDS OFFICE,
COLUMBIA, January 28,1806.
ON and after WEDNESDAY next, the
31st inst., the Passenger Trains will
run daily (Sundays excepted) as follows:
Leave Columbia at. 6.00 a. m.
" Alston at.11.00 "
" Newberry at.12.50 p. m.
Arrive at Abbeville at. 6.00 "
" at Anderson at.8.10 "
" at Greenville at.9.00 "
j Leave Greenville at. 4.30 a.m.
" Anderson at.5.30 "
" Abbeville at. 7.45 "
" Newberry at.1.10 p.m.
Arrive at Alston at.2.55 "
" at Columbia at.8.00 "
There will he about seven miles of stag?
ing still between I-'reshlev's and Alston.
Passengers will be furnished with tickets
through, including thc road, stage and
ferry. 00 pounds baggage only allowed on
stage to one seat. J.*B. LASSALLE,
Jan 28 General Superintendent.
Schedule over South Carolina E E.
GENERAL SUP'TS OFFICE,
CUAULESTON, January- 18, 1866.
r EAVE Charleston at. 6.00 a. m.
Li Arrive, at Columbia.4.25 p. m.
Leave Columbia at.6.00 a. nu
Arrive at Charleston.4.15 p. m.
Jan 18 H. T. PEAKE, Gen. Sup.
South Carolina Eailroad Company,
GEN. SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, January 16, 186(5.
ON and alter this dato, Passenger and
Freight Trains will run on tho Augusta
Branch to Graham's, as follows:
Leave Charleston.0.00 a. i
Arrive at Graham's.1.30 p. i
Leave Graham's.0.10 a. i
Arrive at Charlestoa.4.15 p. i
.Ta?) 17 M. T. PEAKE, Gen. Sup.
Sup'ts Office, Charlotte & S. C. E. E.,
COLUMBIA, JANUARY 1, 1800.
rjnHIS road is now completed to within
X three miles of Ridgeway, and daily
Passenger Trains running as below:
Leave Charlotte on arrival of the North
Carolina train, at 10 a. m.; arrive near
Ridgeway at 7 p. m., connecting with thi
stages from and to Columbia, and return
to Wmnsboro the same evening. Leave
Winnsboro at 6.50 a. m.; arrive in Charlotto
at 2.30 p. m., connecting with the through
train on tho North Caroliua Road.
Jan 3 JAS. ANDERSON, Sup't
WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER,
/tqg^> KEEPS const an tl v on^gga
qgfejidha"(l Hel,A LOW FORBSTH
FLOUR, MEAL. CORN, BACON, LARD,
BUTTER, COFFEE, TEA, SUGAR, RAI?
SINS, A-c. ALSO,
WINES, BRANDIES, LIQUORS AND
ALE. All of tho very best.
His rules are: To sell low for cash, to
give full measure and to keep always on
band the verv best articles in the market.
TO MAKE ROOM FOR
SPRING & SUMMEB STOCK*
Vf HOLESA LI AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
Large & "ell-selected Stock
EEDUCED PRICES !
AGOOD assortment of PRINTS, of all
colors and qualities.
French and English MERINO.
Black and Colored ALPACA.
Opera, White and Red All-wool and Cot?
GINGHAM. JACONET, SWISS MUSLIN.
JEANS, CAMBRICS, PAPER CAMBRICS.
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN.
Linen and Cotton SHEETING.
SHAWLS, LADLES' CLOAKS. .
HATS and BONNETS, tr'med and unt'd.
BONNET FRAMES, RIBBONS.
FLOWERS, FEATHERS, RUCHES.
BUGLE and other Fancy Dress and
Handkerchiefs, Gloves, Hosiery.
Cuffs, Collars, Hair Nets.
Breakfast Shawls, Sontags.
Hoop and Balmoral Skirts, Corsets.
Veils, Coate's and Clark's Spool Cot n.
ALSO, A FULL LINE OF
GEM'S FURNISHING GOODS !
Over, Business and Black Frock COATS.
PANTS and VESTS of all qualities.
White Linen and Woolen OVER-SHIRTS.
Shaker, Merino, Woolen and Cotton
UNDER-SHIRTS and DRAWERS.
Socks, Suspenders, Collars, Wristbands.
Neck-Ties, Pocket Handkerchiefs.
Hats and Caps.
Fine Pegged and Sewed Boots, Gaiters
Together with a large and well-selected
stock of Plain and Paney
FLOUR, BACON, CHEESE, BUTTER.
LARD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR.
Whole and Ground Spices, Candles.
Fancy and Common Soaps.
Soda, Indigo, Copperas, Blue Stone.
Madder and Logwood.
Plain and Fancy Crackers.
Herrings and Mackerel, hy tho barrel
half barrel and kit.
Sweet Oil, Yeast Powders.
Carbonate of Soda, Concentrated Lye.
Fancy and Plain Candies.
Sugar and Fancy Toys, Sardines.
Cotton and Wool Cards.
Pocket and Tablo Cutlery, Scissors.
Tobacco and Scgars.
Together with a largo assortment of
goods usually kept, and too numerous to
ALSO, ON HAND,
A large stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS,
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired.
Old GOLD and SILVER bought.
New and second-hand WATCHES bought.
KALB'S PATENT LIMBS.
HARTMAN'S PATENT E LAST! 0
And FAIRBANKS SCALES.
BETWEEN PLAIN ? WASHING TON,
Jan 4 '