Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, Feb. 7, I860.
Taxe? of the So ii Ut cr ti St ?tea.
Those who oppose the adr fission of
members of Congress from the South?
ern States, and thus deny the people
of that section any representation in
the Legislature of the country, to be
consistent, should refuse-to accept the
taxes levied upon this class of per?
sons, for taxation and representation
are inseparable under our form of
Government. But this position is
ignored, and the system of taxation
is pushed on as vigorously as if the
persons taxed were represented in a
republican and constitutional manner
in the National Assembly. The fol?
lowing is an exhibit of the amount
paid by the several States named
during the last quarter of the year
ending December 31, 1855, upon
their quotas of the direct tax levied
by the Act of Congress, August 5,
North Carolina. 35,986
The following named States are the
only ones that have not yet paid
something toward the liquidation of
their direct tax account with the
Georgia.$ 584,367 33
Alabama. 523,313 33
Mississippi. 413,084 66
Texas. 355,100 6?
Since the close of the rebellion the
States named below have paid over to
the Government on account the fol?
Paul In. Quota.
South Carolina... .$234,756 17 $363,570 fiO
Virginia. 171,420 27 937,550 66
Florida.. .V. 43,509 81 77,522 66
Arkansas. 38,135 ?2 261,880 06
Louisiana. 220,000 00 385,886 60
Tennessee. 108,272 00" 669,498 OG
North Carolina .... 35,966 00 576,194 66
Total.$852,099 57 $3,272,109 30
Add amount due by Georgia,
Alabama, Mississippi and
Total amount due the Govern?
ment by the late rebellious
Secretary Seward, on Spain.
At a banquet given at the Captain -
General's palace, in Havana, Secre?
tary Seward, in response to a toast,
He thanked his Excellency for the
marked attention shown him and
the personal compliment paid him.
and, after alluding to the prosperous
condition which the island of Cuba
enjoys, he added that the United
States had no other views or desires
in these regions than the advance?
ment and happiness of these people,
it being a matter of indifference by
what means or by what form of go?
vernment they attained these lofty
ends. He offered the sentiment that
Spain is the only. European Power
that has any right to a footing in
America, since Spain had always been
eminently American. She has the
glory of having discovered and be?
stowed America upon the world, and
of having peopled and Christianized
the greater part of those vast regions.
He, therefore, wished Spain all man?
ner of happiness and prosperity, in
order that she might be able to main?
tain her American possessions, and
bless them -w^th peace and all those
gifts with which Heaven recompenses
a frugal and laborious people. That
these were the wishes and only aspi?
rations of the United States. He
praised the strict neutrality and im?
partial, dignified policy which Spain
had observed during the war, and in
this connection alluded in very flat?
tering terms to Mr. Tassara, Minister
plenipotentiary of her Catholic Ma?
jesty to Washington, who, by his
frank, loyal and conciliiLory charac?
ter, had in a great measure contri?
buted to a satisf actory solution to ques?
tions which had arisen during the
past five years. In conclusion, he
alluded in a playful manner to Cap?
tain Walker, commanding the De
Soto, saying that if he (the speaker)
could speak of Spain only by what he
had been able to observe in the de?
spatching of official business, the
captain could give other testimony of
a more agreeable nature, from his
frequent intercourse with the port of
THE LOAN BILL..-A sub-committee
from the House Committee of Ways
and Means, with Mr. Hooper at its
head, have had an interview with
Secretary McCulloch in relation to
the loan bill, UOAV under their con?
sideration ; but no new facts were
elicited or conclusions for the future
arrived at. The general impression
is that the Secretary's recommenda?
tions will be in the main conformed
to, but that tho bill will be re-drafted
as modified before its submission to
Congress. The Committee seem de?
cidedly opposed to conferring much
discretionary power on the Secretary
in the matter of negotiating loans or
changing forms of securities, and are
dissatisfied with his scheme for selling
a portion of the bonds abroad. In
this it is also believed they reflect the
opinion of a majority of the Hons?.
"?On th? Wiag."
OBBBNSBOKO, N. C., Feb. 3, 186G.
DK.VBPHONIX: I reached this in?
teresting little town at 10 o'clock last
evening, and stopped at the Metro?
politan Hotel, where I have been
elegantly entertained by the agent,
Mr. J. W. McDowell.
Greensboro is a beautiful place,
containing about three thousand in?
habitants, three churches and-stores.
There were two flourishing Female
I Colleges here, one a Presbyterian,
the other a Methodist; the building
! of the latter was burnt several years
ago, but energetic efforts are being
' made to rebuild, and we fondly hope
j that both institutions will soon be in
a prosperous condition.
I One of the most interesting estab
! lishments in this place is the publish
I ing house of Messrs. Sterling &
Albright, who did good service for
I their country in bringing out South*
j ern school books during the lato
! cruel war; and for this and their
j public enterprise they deserve the
' gratitude and patronage of their
countrymen. " The fourth reader in
their series of Southern readers is
very neatly gotten up, and well
bound. Its chapters are mostly ex?
tracts from Southern authors and
speakers, yet there is nothing of a
sectional character in it.
By the way, I have been traveling
with Mr. W. S. Hill, of the firm ol
Henry M. Morris, New York, who is
quite an accomplished gentleman, and
favorably known in this his native
State. Ho thinks that many of thc
New York merchants are disposed tc
favor our struggling Southern mer?
Before I leave this lovely place,
allow me to suggest that it would b(
well for the proper authorities to mov<
the capital of this State to Greens
boro-it is more central than Raleigh
and offers other advantages.
The United States steamer Narcis
sus, from Pensacola for New York
was lost during a storm on Egnion
Key, (entrance to Tampa Bay, Flori
da,) with all on board, about thirt;
souls. The United States tug Althei
left Pensacola in company with th?
Narcissus, and arrived safely at Ke?
West. One body was washed ashon
from the Narcissus, bnt could not bi
A despatch from Louisville says
The steamer Missouri left New Or
leans last Tuesday week, with Ugh
freight but full of passengers, mos
of whom were landed at Cairo. Oi
arriving at Evansville she receive<
about a dozen passengers, all of whor
were reported lost. Tho officers o
the Dictator brought off one hundre.
and twenty people from the wreck
It is thought by the officers of th
Missouri that the total list of casual
ties will not exceed seventy, an
probably be less than sixty.
But the most heart-rending calami
ty is related in the following despatc
from Memphis :
The steamer Miami, which left thi
port on Saturday night, heavily loade
with freight and crowded with pa*
sengers, in addition to ninety-on
soldiers of Company B, Third Unite
States Regulars, on the hurrican
roof, exploded on Sunday night. Tb
accident occurred seven miles abo\
Napoleon, on the Arkansas River, ?
7 o'clock in the evening, just as tl
passengers had taken supper. Coi
sequently both passengers and office]
were assembled in conversation aroun
the stove in the hall. The explosio
was of such terrible force as to ren
the cabin floor asunder, and let evei
living soul in the front part of tl
cabin down into the dreadful mass <
fire and steam below. The boat toe
fire immediately. The passenge:
were frantic with fear. They snatche
doors, life-preservers and everythir.
light enough to float, and plunge
with deafening, unearthly and piteoi
screams ot woe, into the river, i
their attempts to escape the devourir
flames as they rapidly destroyed tl
boat. Capt. Levi immortalized hie
self by his daring and heroic deed
coolly walking about, trying to ket
the people from jumping overboar
as the boat was fast drifting towal
the North shore, where it touched
few moments after the disaster. B
now, to those in the back part of tl
cabin, it was an bad as being in tl
middle of the river, as the boat was
vast flame in the middle, and all in tl
back part were compelled to perish
the flames or bury themselves in tl
raging flood below. Mr. John Lus
second clerk in the boat, along wi
Charles J. Johnson, his assistant, wi
were sitting in the hall, were eith
killed by the explosion or burned
scalded to death. Mr. Lusks wife a.
child, his sister-in-law and a Germ
lady just from her native land, wc
in the ladies' cabin. The former tin
were lost : nd tho latter saved. M
J. E. Rai.i.in last saw her with i
child, on a state-room door, which
had given her. Over thirty of t
soldiers were lost. Two had been ti
up for disorderly conduct, and in t
agonizing excitement of the tryi
ordeal they were forgotten, and th<
left to burn to death. Two men w<
seen to blow out their brains with
The Matertal and Political Stat?? of
NEW OBLEAXS, January 10, 1866.
To the Editors Union and American,
You requested a line from me on
my return to the South-west upon the
general condition of affairs, and upon
the prospects which the future seemed
to open. I shall endeavor briefly to
Everywhere in the interior of the
country, as well as in the towns, there
are evidences of activity, and people
who were reduced to the greatest
extremity show a spirit and determi?
nation in grappling with the situation
which is truly astonishing, and every
branch of business or employment is
already crowded. The planters, how?
ever, struggle against a thousand dif?
ficulties. The ruin of estates is but
a small part They are perplexed and
worried by the labor question, and
until a few days ago, it seemed as if the
freedmen had abandoned all thought
of further occupation. More recent?
ly it is said that they are contractors,
and on favorable terms, but it must
be admitted that the greatest distrust
prevails of their future. The plant?
ers find it impossible to procure ad?
vances to work the estates. Capital
is too cautious to seek such adven?
tures. A Thousands of estates are in
the market for sale at half or a quar?
ter their former values, or for rent,
but there are few transactions. Agents
offer the most inviting lists, but offei
in vain. The capital and labor which
were tc have come from the North 01
Europe have not yet appeared, and
the evidence so far is complete thal
tho Southern crops for another yeal
will be very short, and that a mifiiorj
bales of cotton will be a very libera
The great activity which prevails,
and which is so imposing to the eye.
ought not, however, to deceive. It
is no augury for the future. Th?
wretched condition of affairs at th?
end of thc war occasioned almost t
struggle for life among our people
and all the little savings that had beer
hoarded up or hidden away wer<
brought forth to replenish supplies
In the utter exhaustion, there was t
demand for everything-thus tin
large trade which immediately sprung
up. The cotton which survived tin
war, and which was generally diffus?e
over the country, furnishes the mean!
of keeping up this commerce. It wa'
an act of Providence that so mucl
was saved in the general wreck, but
when that is gone, a collapse ma;
reasonably be expected, unless som?
great and unexpected relief present
itself. The idea generally prevails
and men speak gloomily of the future
Certainly there never was such a fieh
I for enterprise as that which the Soutl
furnishes, but the capital is wanting
So far for the material question.
Now as to the political. There i
an intense feeling of disappointmen
and chagrin prevailing, and peopl
who, a few months ago. accepted th
situation and were in good faith en
deavoring to perform its duties, ex
press themselves with bitterness
They perceive a disposition in th
national councils to humiliate au
degrade them. They are required t
make sacrifices from which thei
manhood shrinks. Their honest prc
fessions are mistrusted, and the maj
nanimity which might have been ej
pected from a generous foe has nc
been shown. This remark does nc
apply to the President, whose nobl
course is universally lauded. Eve
those who were called Union men i
the past, and those who were recor
structionists during the war, apea
with indignation. It was not for th:
they bargained. They predicted
generous policy on the part of tb
North, and are twitted by their assc
crates with their over confidenc
Certainly a great change has take
place in public sentiment, and tl
radical party may take credit 1
themselves for engendering feeling
of alienation and hostility greah
than wonlcl have resulted from ai
other year of war.
Ninety-nine in tho hundred of tl
Southern people were devoted to tl
Confederacy, gloried in its achiev
ments, doubted not an instant of i
just cause and its eventual triumpl
and sacrificed, or were willing 1
sacrifice, for it all they possess*
or expected to possess of life or pr.
perty. When the crash came, th?
were overwhelmed. The path of dut;
however, soon opened to them. Tl
conqueror was entitled to their all
giance. They would give it freel
openly, unreservedly, and the ftdeli
which they had shown to the extin
Government proved them to be
faithful and true and loyal peopl
wherever their allegiance was give
Never in history was there a mo
generous effort upon the part of tl
conquered to submit themselves wi
propriety and decorum. No repi
ing, no sullenness, no covert hosti
ty. Their work was done-their eau
had failed-hopelessly, and they f
quiesced ! It was practicable to ha
worked with the existing elemen
and produced an early restoration
good feelings and a return of t
better days of the republic. It TR
the alternative left, and the best m
of the South hoped for such evei
The majority of the North had it
theil power to heal up all the ?
wounds, and so to reconstruct sock
as to make one homogenccuc m;
out of our people. Have they act
with wisdom and prudence, mode
tion and justice, or from prejud
and passion? Let them answer.
For one, I had confidence tl
there was a sentiment in the Noi
which would become the domini
one, and which would sustain the
generous efforts of the President in
the direction of reconciliation and
reconstruction, and so declared my?
self openly and publicly. I argue it
from nistory and from a knowledge
of human nature, and alienated some
old associates in doing so. It was the
clear dictate of interest as well as of
reason, I thought. No one desired
more than I did to perpetuate the old
Union upon the basis of equal rights
to all sections and the inviolability of
the Con**'>ition. I felt with Mr.
Calhoun, that under tho Constitution
it was a Governm?nt to love; honor
and serve. I deplored, though I ad?
mitted, the necessity under which the
South felt herself 'constrained to
move. Her fortunes were mine, and
I was the last to abandon them. I
gloried in them. Bot that is all in
the past. I am again a citizen of the
United States, and it is due to that
Government, to which I had the
option of allegiance or not, (for I
might have emigrated,) that I give
faithful and true service. It is my
Government and my country, and I
should do all in my power to promote
her prosperity, her honor, and her
name. I have entered upon that
work already in connection with the
restoration of the South. There is
no other power to divide allegiance
with. I give it wholly and freely or
not at all, and this I believe would
have been the sentiment of our en?
tire people, and will yet be their sen?
timent, if wisdom and prudence rule
the national councils. God grant that
the era of good feeling may return,
and that speedily. Whatever may be
the fortunes of the South, they will
be mine, and yours, Messrs. Editors,
far all that are ours of family or pos?
sessions are within her limits, and are
likely to remain so. Your obedient
servant, J. D. B. DEBOW.
Propositions have already been
offered in Congress to establish terri
tortial governments in the Southern
States in place of the State govern?
ments now in such successful opera?
tion. This is no more than was to
have been expected from the fanati?
cal and unreasonable malignants who
constitute a majority of that body.
But fortunately for the South, in this
proposition, they make the issue
fairly and squarely with tho Presi?
dent, and array themselves in open
and undisguised hostility to the policy
which he has announced and to which
he is fully committed. He cannot
give way if he were disposed without
attaching infamy to his name and ad?
ministration, and he is by nature one
of the very last men to abandon a
position lipon which he has taken his
stand. We predict that if the act is
passed to establish territorial govern?
ments in lieu of the State govern?
ments which were erected by his
invitation and at his suggestion, he
will interpose his Executive veto and
crush it to the earth. It is not likely
that a two-third vote could be ob?
tained to cany such an iniquitous
measure over his head, and, therefore,
we apprehend but Utile danger of the
triumph of the radicals in this re?
But every measure of this charac?
ter presented by the radicals, and the
tables of both Houses are loaded with
them, only go to show us how very
important to the South is the friend?
ship and firmness of the President in
this crisis. But for the protection
which the South enjoys in his liberal
feelings and resolute and indomitable
purpose to maintain and restore the
Union, the tide of fanaticism would
roll in one resistless and destroying
wave over every State in which the
rebellion ever had a foothold. Those
who carp at and object to the Presi?
dent's policy surely do not consider
that he now stands as a wall of de?
fence between the destroying malig?
nity of Northei'n fanatics and tho
helpless and down-trodden people of
the Southern States. Were ho to
falter or to yield, ruin more desolat?
ing than any yet known would sweep
like a sirocco from the Potomac to
the Rio Grande, prostrating and
blighting everything before it.
Though his plan of restoration may
not be all that we should have desired,
or perhaps all that we thought we had
a right to ask, compared to the legis?
lation the radicals would fix upou us,
it is superlatively good, and every
candid man must admit that it is so.
It saves the Southern States from
further humiliation, places in their
hands the power to raise their voices
in their own defence, and in protest
against o ct rage, and admits them to
political rights and privileges, which
will enable them to command and en?
force respect. This much cannot be
denied. Then why should any man,
professing a regard for the interests
of the South, refuse his support to
the policy of the President, so liberal
and so satisfactory, when he must see
that the failure of that policy inevi?
tably involves the triumph of that of
the radicals? Surely, he can be no
true friend who will so act, and he is
merely trifling with the interests of
which he pretends to bo the supporter
and the advocate.-louisville Courier.
A circular has been issued from the
Treasury Departniant, rescinding for?
mer orders relative to taxation on
m?Ti?fn.otl?red articles in hands of
manufacturers in Southern States,
which have been hitherto exempt
from taxation. After the 1st of
March, such articles will be subject
to tho prescribed rates of t ixation
nuder excise law, no matter whut is
the date of the manufacture.
The special correspondent of the I
Charleston Courier, under date of the ;
31st, writes :
The President is more free of re- 1
mark upon all the topics of the day
than he has ever been. He has never
faltered from the beginning in his
own course, but he has certainly
hoped at some moments for a relaxa?
tion of the radical policy of Con?
gress, and, for that reason, has made I
so many conciliatory observations to
Mr. Wilson, Mr. Kelly and other
radicals, who have misconstrued their
meaning. It will be remembered that
Mr. Kelly, of Pennsylvania, in his
harangue in favor of the unqualified
negro suffrage bill for this District
declared} that the President favored
it,- and had so stated in an interview,
withjbim (Mr. Kelly). This declara?
tion remained unanswered, and it
served to disconcert some of the Pre?
sident's supporters, who had under?
stood his policy as very different. But
yesterday it happened that in a con?
versation with a citizen, the Presi?
dent adverted to this subject and ig?
nored the opinion attributed to him
by Mr. Kelly, and, further, expressed
his opposition to the measure in a
very decided manner.
Perhaps the change which the Pre?
sident has anticipated in the course
of Congress may have commenced.
There are some signs of a break in
the ranks of the radicals. The one
man power-as exercised by Mr.
Stevens-begins to be a subject of
The Committee on Reconstruction
is also openly denounced as an inno?
vation upon Parliamentary mle, and
it is alleged that in offering projects
for amending the Constitution it has
usurped powers not intended to be
committed to it.
The first attempt of the committee
to touch the Constitution in the mat
I ter of representation, is an entire
failure. It conciliated no support-?
not even from the radical side-for it
left the regulation of suffrage to the
State. The committee w?l trv its
hand again, and probably with, as
little success. The opinion gains
ground that if the Constitution is to
be changed, all the parties to the same
must take part in it. A National
Convention was promised for this
purpose by Senator Seward, in 1861,
that is, as soon as passions had sub?
sided-the public mind a little tran
quibzed-every difficulty then im?
pending might, he thought, be sub?
mitted to a National Convention.
The President does not cease, on
every occasion, to insist that the
Southern members elect should be at
once admitted. He has encouraged
some of them to remain here, in the
hope that the tide was turning. But
I notice that they are becoming dis?
couraged, and are all preparing to re?
Lieut. Gen. Grant is about to go
to Europe on leave, and expects to
be absent eighteen months. He has
nearly completed all the necessary
arrangements for the reduction and
re-organization of the army. General
Sherman will succeed him in office
here, at headquarters.
MESSAGE OV THE GOVERNOR OB
PENNSYLVANIA.-Gov. Curtin's mes?
sage was communicated to the Legis?
lature on the 30th. The financial
report shows an improvement in the
condition of the Treasury since No?
vember 30, 1860, of over two million
five hundred thousand dollars, not?
withstanding tho large expenditures
for military purposes. The extra?
ordinary expenses growing out of the
war, not refunded by the General
Government, is four million dollars.
Yet on the 1st December, 1865, the
State debt was nearly half a million
less than on the 1st of January, 1861.
Under these circumstances the reduc?
tion or even the repeal of the ordi?
nary State tax of two and a half mills
is possible with entire safety to oui
finances, also the local taxes on bonds,
mortgages, luans, Arc. The Goveruo]
then gives a highly interesting state
ment of the action of Pennsylvanit
in the prosecution of the war for the
Union; alludes to the promise of thi
Federal authorities to reimburse th?
State for the expenses of the emer?
gency troops and the failure of Con
gress to do so, and recommends th<
Legislature to adopt measures t(
bring the subject again before Con
gress. The Governor concluded a
follows: "My uniform cum se daring
the late war was to avoid tho discus
sion of the policy of the Genera
Government, while giving a heart?
support to the national authorities ii
all their measures to suppress the re
hellion. I shall continue to pursue th'
same course during the embarrass
ments necessarily connected with th
entire restoration of the country. Th
principles expressed in the message o
the President at the commencemen
of the session of Congress will receiv
my cordial support."
CHANUE OF STATION.-The Rich
mond Times says: "A few morning
since we noticed at the first marke
two beautiful, well-dres: 3d femalei
j young in years, from Powhatta
County, who had driven a wago
from home loaded with produce
which they were offering for sah
These ladies were of high respect)
bility-and before the war were i
affinent circumstances. Their effort
to gain a livelihood by their own e3
ertions should serve as an examp]
1 for many young girls who are to
proud to do any other work than tin
which is of the most agreeable chi
Advertisement*, to insure insertion,
should be banded in by 4 o'clock p. m.
Casu.-Our terms for subscription, ad
vert isin g and job work are cash. We hopi:
all parties will bear this in mind.
"THE CODE.*' -The Acts passed by th*
Legislature relative to the freedmeu, f--:
sale at this office. Price 20 cents; by sr.v.i
THI BUKMNU OI? COLUMBIA.-An inter?
esting account of the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of the Cit}' of Columbia, Fl. C.," bau
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Phcenix steam powor press. Ordc-ru
can be filled to any extent.
WEEKLY FAMILY PAPEB.-On the 14th
instant, we shall commence the publication
of a family paper, entitled "Titi Weekly
Gleaner-A Home Companion." The paper
will be double the size of the Phoenix, ?Dd
will contain the cream of the news, miscel?
laneous matter, editorials, stories, etc., in
the daily and tri-weokly publications. Sub?
scription price $4 per annum. Specimen
copies sent on application. There will :>*?
an interval of two weeks between the pub?
lication of the first and second numbera.
NKW ADVERTISEMENTS.- - Atte.ion ia eall
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published thia morning for th? tirat
Durbec A Walter-Furniture, Ac.
Andrew Crawford-Corn and Hay.
Manahan & Warley-Corn and Hay.
" " *-Collins'Axes.
Henry M. Morris-Commission Merchant.
Stenhouse ?fe Co.-Corn, Flour, ?tc.
F. H. Elmore-Notice to Tax-payers.
A, B, C-Partner Wanted.
Extra Communication Richland Lodge.
James T. Hopkins-Mule Stolen.
Levin A Peixotto-Desirable Furniture.
luto her mighty trumpet fame baa
breathed a now word-Sozodont; and she
is making it resound through thc civilized
world, lt is thc Greek for tooth preserver,
but in plain English, Fragrant Sozodont.
It ia the most effective dentifrice that che?
mistry has ever yet extracted from the
oriental vegetable kingdom. t
THE MILITARY COHFKRKHCES.-A
despatch from Washington to the
New York Herald says:
The conference of the senior major
generals of the regular army now pro?
gressing here is causing the most ex?
tensive speculation as to the results
to be attained. Among the most
practicable theories yet advanced is
the supposition that these officers
have been summoned more to give
their united views concerning the
Southern country they have traversed,
and as to the necessity for garrisoning
the South with troops, than for a
council touching the immediate af?
fairs of the army. This proposition
is the more credible from the intro?
duction and passage of a resolution
in the Senate to-day, asking the Pre?
sident to transmit Major-General
Sherman's report of personal observa?
tions in the South. It is supposed
that Mr. Johnson is principally de?
sirous of obtaining the opinions of
the generals, and that Congress will
adhere to its original idea of delegat?
ing sub-committees from the joint
Reconstruction Committee to make a
trip of observation through the ex?
THE TENDENCT OF RADICALISM.- I
The New York Jh-ibune having charged
the Evening Post with going over to
the Democratic party, the latter forci?
bly and truthfully responds :
4 'As to returning to the Democratic
party, we have this to say : that un?
less wiser, juster and more liberal
counsels prevail at Washington, there
will soon be no Republican party to
hold to. If the Union, for which we
have spent so much money and pour?
ed out so much blood, be not fully
restored before the close of the pre?
sent session of Congress, the people
-whose instincts discern only grand
general results-will sweep the party
that has the power out of sight. The
Union, in all its length and breadth,
they will have, and political differ?
ences they will adjust afterwards, and
such impracticable schemes as Sum?
ner's and Stevens' and others, will
only succeed in separating the domi?
nant party from the popular sympa?
thy both South and North."
The United States Consul, at Man?
chester, England, under date of Jan?
uary 9, informs the Department of
State that the cattle disease has made
frightful progress, the cases for the
week ending tne date of his despatch
being 7,693, an increase of 1,437 upon
the returns of the previous week. He
reports that the authorities are making
every exertion possible to restrain the
plague, but without the slightest ap?
pearance of success. The disease, ho
asserts, has been discovered to bear
some striking analogies to small-pox,
and many experiments in vaccination
are being made. He says that many
of the towns prohibit the driv?
ing in of beeves for slaughter, and re?
quire that they shall be killed where
fed, and the meat only brought to
market. The whole number of cases
thus far reported for England alone is
73,549, and of this number 55,422
have either difd or have been killed.
MASSACHUSETTS MANUFACTURES. -It
appears that in the year ending on
the first of May last, there were made
in this State 3,457,702 yards of broad?
cloth, 15,412,242 yards of cassimeres,
6,471,642 yards of satinets, 20,027,875
yards of jeans, and 577,556 shawl.-.
The value of the products was over
840,000,090.- Basion Traveller.