Newspaper Page Text
Daily Paper $10 a Tear
"Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 18, 1866.
VOLUME I-NO. 275^
PUBLISH ED DAILY AND TRI-WEEEI.T,
EY KU Y WEDNESDAY MORNING,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Daily Paper, six month?.$5 00
Tri-Weekly, " " .3 50
Weekly, " " .2 00
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
SST Special notices 10 cents a line.
Thomas P. SUder, Charleston.
H. L. Darr, Sumter.
8. P. Kin ard. Newberry..
Samuel Drouthitt, Greenville C. ll.
Wm. Moore, Abbeville C. H.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
Counting Hon?? Calendar for 1866.
Perjury ?.ntl Counterfeiting.
The moral nature of a people, like
that of an individual, may be changed,
for better or for worse, by circum?
stances. The ordeal of civil strife,
and its consequences, have not only
modified the political system of the
Republic, but have had their effect
upon the character of its inhabitants
to a degree that perhaps they them?
selves have not yet realized. Among
the many deplorable results of
extreme measures growing out of
a condition of war, may be in?
stanced the light value attached to
the sanctity of oaths administered for
the purpose of securing the observ?
ance of the revenue laws. At one
time during hostilities oaths were
imposed so frequently in some of the
States that the whole system became
a mockery. Doctors were coir gelled
to swear allegiance before visiting
patients, lawyers before practicing,
ministers before preaching, lovers
before marrying. To swear, and
sometimes swear falsely, became a
necessity of life. Human nature is
the same all over the world, and if its
subtleties are not taken into consider?
ation by legislators when they frame
laws for the government of men, they
will find that society will train its
conscience to regard only the legal
responsibility, and not the moral
guilt, of evading laws that conflict
with pecuniary interest. TJje masses
soon cease to appreciate the solemnity
of an act that they are called upon
repeatedly to perform in the routine
of business; and if by some slight
evasion or misrepresentation in ful?
filling -what they consider merely a
? technical obligation, they can avoid a
pecuniary sacrifice without fear of
legal penalties, conscientious scruples
will soon, by the force of habit, have
very little weight in the balance.
This may _seem severe criticism
upon human nature, but is it not
just? Does any one suppose that the
returns of Internal Revenue assessors
exhibit a correct record of the incomes
of the members of our communities?
In many cases the returns are known
to be false, and the system that seeks
to exact an unprofitable truth from
every household under the imposition
of an oath, simply educates the peo?
ple to the habit of false swearing.
A few years ago, no American citi?
zen who valued his reputation would
attempt to pass a counterfeit coin or
bill. Ii such eanie into their posses?
sion, it was destroyed or put aside as
so much lost. How is it tp-day '( The
land is flooded with counterfeit cur?
rency, but it .passes from hand to hand
without any qualms of conscience
and no questions asked. There are
very few persons now-a-days who have
the sublime virtue to destroy a ooun
? 4erfeit fifty cent currency bill, unless
. l1, ? a very bad one. If it fails to
pass at one counter, it goes back into
the pocket-book and, of course, always
through forgetfulness or negligence,
?3 ?na?ly disposed of. Wo deprecate
thu condition of affairs, but, "Tis
tmeS^'tis pity, pity 'tis 'tis truel" Are
we oncoming a nation of perjurers
and iroerers of counterfeit money?
If so, statesmanship must find the
' remedy in wfeer legislation.
ak [New York Newt.
Commercial Crise* ?nd Credit?.
It is hardly possible to escape the
conclusion that the periodical crisis,
.which seems to be a part of our com?
mercial system, is approaching once
more. The balloon has been inflated
until the tension is too severe for the
strength of the fabric. A collapse of
some sort is to come, and the ques?
tion is, whether the superabundant
gas can be let off gradually or not.
An examination into the nature and
causes of these unwholesome visita?
tions might reveal some curious
facts; but could establish no new
principles, as each crisis is governed
by laws peculiar to itself. And,
while it might be easily demonstrated
that tho one now coming is mainly
chargeable to the radical misrule
tinder which the country is suffering,
such, knowledge would neither delay
its approach nor mitigate the evils to
follow in its train.
The general expectation of a large
demand early in the present season,
has given place to a half panic, be?
cause the demand has not yet been
manifested. One extreme is as bad
as the other. In one case, the fact
that largo sections West and South
were comparatively bare of goods,
was the foundation of the prediction;
and dealers in this city accumulated
large stocks in advance. In* foreign
fabrics, with few exceptions, there
has been no abatement in values,
although universally high prices have
ruled for several months past. Do?
mestic goods, affected by variations
in the price of cotton, by reports
from the South of supplies yet to
come from the interior . of the Gulf
States, by fluctuating in the Euro?
pean markets, and finally by changes
in the gold quotations, have receded,
advanced, and receded again. And
although these vibrations in prices of
American manufactures have no ne?
cessary relations to values abroad,
they have still created distrust, and
induced buyers to reduce their
orders, and sometimes to postpone
operations entirely. Then succeeds
the other extreme. In a dull season,
competition is ever more active, and
rival houses underbid each other for
the little trade that is offering. It is
not difficult to see how prices decline
in such circumstances.
Another evil is gradually creeping
into fashion. Money is not abundant,
either West or South, and buyers
want credit. By the operation of an
irresistible law, capital accumulates
in the large cities, and the wholesale
dealer, having superior facilities, can
affoi-d to extend his credits. Produce
is low, and transportation is costly,
and money comes in tardily, and only
after the maturity of bills. Instead
of thirty days, purchasers want sixty
and nii Sty, and the sound cash sys?
tem is ocing undermined. While
the inflation lasts, there is little
danger to'be apprehended, but with
the first symptom of contraction,
trouble begins. The anxiety to sell
overbalances all other considerations.
With large stocks, and dread of a
falling market, unusual risks are
taken by dealers, who are proverbially
prudent in times of active demand.
The worst feature in this extension
of credits would seem to be perfectly
obvious. The frequent buyer, who
gets an additional credit of thirty
days, gets twice as much in debt as
he did under the old system. His
obligations overlap and his ability to
pay is not increased. It is very easy
to state the case in figures. A buys
1? "?m B, on an average, five thousand
dollars a week. If his credit is
limited to thirty days, it is plain that
he will always owe twenty thousand
dollars, but if he gains the privilege
of sixty days credit, he will always be
in debt to his creditor double this
amount. It is this system of "lap?
ping" that is dangerous. .When the
crisis arrives, and A goes by the
board, B has to accept his per cent
age of forty thousand dollars instead
of twenty thousand dollars.
The chief end and object of a sales?
man's life is "to sell." If he can sell
at small risk, and secure a margin of
profit, so much the better; but ho
sells in any case. It requires con?
siderable pluck to refuse to diminish
stock, when the buyer is at hand and
available. Ali the wholesome com?
mercial maxims go for nothing, wheD
commodities are abundant and the
demand light, and this is the case in
New York while we write. But it is
quite probable tint a little "masterly
inactivity" on the part of thc larger
centres of supply, would bring about
a healthier feeling, as the regular
legitimate demand for the season has
certainly not yet been manifested.
[New York News.
FAME!-Some very humble persons
in a town may be said to possess it, as
the penny-post, the town-crier, the
constable-and they are known to
everybody; while many richer, more
intellectual, worthier persons, are un?
known by the majority of their fellow
citizens. Something analagous in the
world at large.-Hawthorne.
"WHAT NAPOLEON'S INTENTION OF
WITHDRAWING FROM MEXICO ME ANS.
The intelligent New York correspon?
dent of the Baltimore Transcripi says:
Whatever triumph Mr. Seward's
friends may claim for the partial so?
lution of the Mexican question as
announced in the speech of Napoleon,
parties here who take a calmer view
of things surrounding them cannot
share the enthusiasm evinced by some,
on learning that the Emperor is dis?
posed to withdraw his troops. They
ask, when will he do it? He tells
them in his speech that he is making
arrangements with Maximilian for the
departure of French troops from
Mexico, consequently Maximilian is
to be a party to the agreement. Will
he agree? 'He may probably, espe?
cially after the foreign legion, now
being recruited by Austria, shall have
arrived at Vera Cruz, which may be
some time. Then, again, it should
not be forgotten that Napoleon deli?
vered his speech before th? news of
the Bagdad outrage had reached him.
The opinion is general that before the
evacuation actually commences, some
guarantees will be required from the
United States, which will insure safe?
ty for Mexicans to reside tinder Impe?
rial rule on the Rio Grande. AU these
things will no doubt require a good
deal of diplomatic talk and corres?
pondence, during which it will appear
that neither has "Napoleon aban?
doned Maximilian," nor has the lat?
ter made up his mind to "abandon
M. 8 75
Wm TO-BAY ! !
FROM SEW ?08KDIRECT!
4T1EBCES NEW HAMS.
4 " Bacon SIDES and 8TRIPS.
11 boxes Babbit's YEAST POWDERS.
10 " ass'd PICKLES-q'ts andig?is.
25 " RAISINS, (Layer.)
20 drums FIGS.
12 boxes ENGLISH DAIRY CHEESE.
12 " GOSHEN
4 " PLNE APPLE
12 bbls. SYRUP and MOLASSES.
50 boxes SCALED HERRINGS.
C " FLAVORING EXTRACTS.
2 bbls. Imported SAUER KRAUT.
2 f" NEW DUTCH* HERRING.
Aiwa vs on hand a full assortment of
fm oaocE&me t
Ginger Preserves, Citron, Prunes.
Currants, Cocoa, Chocolate.
Corn Starch, Spices.
Flour, Sugars, Coffee.
Tea, Butter, Lard.
Sakeratus and Soda.
A full assortment of
FINE LIQUORS !
SVhich we offer at FAIR PRICES.
CALNAN & KREUDER,
Gervais street, near Richardson.
JUST RECEIVED A LARGE STOCK OF
FOR SALE LOW BY
GREGG & CO.,
Corner Richardson and Taylor Streets,
Feb 8 Imo*
Edwin J. Scott,
HAS opened a Broker's and Exchange
Office in Columbia; will furnish checks
on New York and Charleston in sums to
suit purchasers. Attend to buying and
selling SPECIE, BANK BILLS, STOCKS,
BONDS, Ac, on commission, and make
t^sh advances on consignments of Cotton,
to be sold in Charleston or New York.
Office at C. H. Baldwin's store, corner
Main and Washington streets.
Jan 23 2mo*
Kerosene Lamps, &c.
AFULL supply of KEROSENE LAMPS,
OIL, CHIMNEYS, Burners, Wicks^
ic, in store and for sale at low prices, by
Jan 23_ ? DIAL A POPE.
C. D. MELTON. SAM'L W. MELTON
MELTON &. MELTON,
Attorneys at Law,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
WILL practico in the adjoining Dis?
tricts, and in Union, York. Chester
and Lancaster. Office on Assembly street,
second door South of the Catholic Church.
Jan 31 3mo
THE subscriber^ is just receiving into
store, and* can supply, all kinds of
POWDER from the above named popular
Factory-in whole, half and quarter kegs,
ana in cans and canisters of every size and
quality, at GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
To merchants and others baying to sell
again, a farther liberal discount will be
He has also in store a general assort
HARDWARE, SHOES and
Embracing almost everything wanted for
Honse, Kitchen or Plantation use; and is
constantly receiving fresh additions to his
stock. All of which will be sold at the
Very Lowest Prices for Cash.
Give him a call, at Noi."5 and 6 Bryce's
Range, Columbia, S. C.
Feb 14 Imo? ROBERT BRYCE.
PALMETTO IRON WORKS,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
HAVING rebuilt a part
of our shop, we aro again
lip* i ^prepared to resume busi
^ ness in all of its various
gines, Grist and Saw Mills refitted; all kind?
of Brass and Iron Casting.
Mr. G. A. SHIELDS will bo found at the
Works, ready to attend to all calls. We hope
to merit a sharo of the pubb'c patronage.
40,000 lbs. BAR IRON, suitable for plan?
3,000 lbs. best CAST STEEL.
200 Cast Steel AXES, made hore.
100 Steel HOES, assorted. Planters wiU
do well to call ana examine our Iron.
WM. GLAZE & CO.
BROWS & SCHIRME?,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
OFFICE South side Gervais street, near
Assembly. Jan 25 Imo
LUDWIG & KEATINGE,
ENGRAVERS & LITHOGRAPHERS,
CORNER NINTH AND BROAD STS.,
Jan 30 3mo
LEVIN & PEIXOTTO,
OENERAL AUCTIONEERS AND COM?
MISSION AGENTS, COLUMBIA, S. 0.
. ^hrner Assembly and Plain Streets.
OFFER their services to dispose off or
purchase PRODUCE, REAL ESTATE
?r PERSONAL PROPERTY of any and
;very kind, and from their general know
edge of business hope to merit a share of
jublic patronage. JACOB LEVIN,
Late Book-keeper Exchange Bank.
D. C. PEIXOTTO.
Formerly associated with F. Lance.
JOHN C. S??G?RS,
WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER,
BKEEPS constantly on^SEM
hand and sells LOW "FOREgBjl
FLOUR, MEAL, CORN, B^CON, LARD,
?UTTER, COFFEE, TEA, SUGAR, RAI?
SINS, Ac. ALSO,
WINES, BRANDIES, LIQUORS AND
VLE. All of the very best.
His rules are: To sell low for cash, to
five full measure and to keep always on
land the very host articles in the market.
Paints, Oils, Window Glass, &c.
A GENERAL assortment of the above.
t\_ together with a full stock of BRUSHES
>t" every variety. In store and for sale
;heap for cash by_DIAL A POPE.
Brass and Copper.
THE highest prices paid for old BRASS,
COPPER, LEAD and ZINC, at
horner of Gadsden and Washington sts.
Orders for every description of BRASS
HASTINGS filled with neatness and dc
Valuable and Extensive Water Power
in the City of Columbia for Sale.
Ordered by the legislature of South Caro?
THE undersigned Commissioners, ap?
pointed by the General Assembly of
South Carolina, at its late session, will
receive bids for tho valuable WATER
POWER known as the COLUMBIA. CANAL, I
until the first day of April next.
The Canal is eight thousand six hundred
and fifty-four yards long, and the average
fall for the first three miles is fourteen feet,
commencing at ten feet at Upper street, in
Columbia, and attaining nineteen feet one
inch at Bridge street; the remaining two
miles, from Bridge street to its mouth,
commences at nineteen feet ten inches, and
attains a fall of twenty-five feet. Fine
building sites exist between the canal and
river, giving complete protection to build?
ings and machinery from freshets. The
State, through the undersigned, will con?
vey the canal and all its appurtenances,
together with the right of way for sixty
feet on each side of the centre of the canal
to the purchaser. Compensation to the
adjacent land owners for the right of way,
to bo made by the purchaser, on the same
just and equitable terms that the right of
way was conveyed to the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad Company, by Act of
15th December, 1845.
This power has been accurately surveyed
by Prof. John LeConte, of the South Caro?
lina University; his report, together with
the Act of the General Assembly and this
advertisement, has been printed, and may
bo obtained by addressing Jas. G. Gibbes,
Esq., Mayorw Columbia.
Prof. LeConte estimates that by doubling
the original capacity of the canal, as re?
quired by the Act, that the power secured
to Bridge street will be 355 horse-power,
the average head being fourteen feet; and
from Bridge street to its mouth 532 horse?
power, with an average head of twenty-one
feet, and a current of one foot per second.
With a current of two feet pe? second, the
powers would be 710 and 1,064 horse-power;
and if the machinery is not run at night,
the power may be doubled by accumulat?
ing water in reservoirs.
"As the supply of water," nava Prof.
LeConte, "which may bo turned from the
river into tho canal at its head, is almost
unlimited, the canal can be enlarged to an
extent commensurate with tho demand for
water power. If desired, it may bo made
to supply water to the extent of 5,000 horse?
power or more. In fact, by very simple
arrangements, one-third or one-half, or
even more, of the whole water in Broad
River, might be turned into such an en?
This water power is literally within the
city of Columbia. The city is now supplied
j by railroads penetrating nearly every Dis
I trict in the State, furnishing tho produc?
tions of cotton, rice, whe^t, beef and pro?
visions, with li ttl? expense at this important
The city of Columbia is supplied with gas
and good water, the climate is salubrious
and nealthy, being above the miasmatic
region, and ihvites, for pleasant settlement
and society, merchants, artisans, mecha?
nics, manufacturers and persons of for?
tune and leisure.
The property will be sold on the following
conditions, to wit: 1st. The purchasei
shall, within two years from the date ol
conveyance!, complete the widening and
deepening of said canal to at least twice iti
origininal capacity. (Its original capacity
was fifteen feet wide at top, eight feet at
bottom and four feet in depth; to double
it according to Prof. LeConte's report, it
will require the removal of 36,107 cubic
yards of earth, and 3,200 cubic yards of
stone to Bridge street, and from Bridge
street to its mouth 22,176 cubic yards of
earth-no stone to be removed. ) That the
same shall always be kept open for boating
purposes, free of charges, to where it is
now used. (This will not interfere at all
with the water power for driving machine?
ry, as boats only descend as far as the first
lock, near Upper street. )
That the water shall not become stag?
nant, and that it shall not boused forothei
than hydraulic purposes.
That one-third ot the sum bid shall be
paid within thirty days after notice of ac?
ceptance of bid; one-third at the expiration
of six months therefrom, and the remain?
ing third at tho expiration of twelve
months. Titles delivered on payment ol
first instalment, and that the title hercir
proposed to bo conveyed shall revert to th?
State, on default being made of any of the
foregoing conditions, including payment
of all the purchase money.
This water power with its location, in th?
judgment of the Commissioners, is un
equaled by any in the State of South Caro
lina, and "not surpassed by any in th?
Parties sending bids will, please furuisl
the Commissioners with references as U
the ability promptly to make good th?
AU the communications may be addressee
to the undersigned .i t Columbia, S. C.
JAMES L. ORR,
WrM. D. PORTER,
JAMES G. GIBBES,
Mayor of Columbia.
Columbia, S. C., January 23,1866.
OFFICE IN COTTON TOWN,
COLUMBI A, O
WILL store or attend to the forwardin
of COTTON, PRODUCE, FURN]
?UKJ? and GOODS entrusted to then-car?
Will also sell HORSES, MULES, CAI
TLE, Ac. ,
We pledge ourselves to use every endei
vor to promote the welfare of those wh
may favor us with their patronage.
J. M. CRAWFORD. " L. P. MILLEI
0ST Charleston News, Newberry HeraU
Winnsboro News, Chester Standard, Abb?
v?Me Banner, Anderson InteUtgewer an
Greenville Mountaineer wul publish tm
weeks, and forward bills._Dec 30
ALL persons having claims against Bl
VERLY W. MEANS, deceased, wi
present them duly attested to the unde
sitrned. and all persons indebted wiU mal
payment to Ma?. B. W. MEANS, Ex'x,
fab 8 ths8* Ai Winn*boxo, 8. C.
TO MAKE BOOM FOB
$mNC & SUMMEB STOCK.
WHOLMiLS i?D KXTAIX. DZAUUM IV
Large & Well-selected Stock
BJEDTTCED P&XC?g !
AGOOD assortment of PRINTS, of all
colors and qualities.
French and English MERINO.
Black and Colored ALPACA.
Opera, White and Red All-wool and Cot?
ton FLANNEL. ^*
GINGHAM, JACONET, SWTSS MUSLIN.
JEANS, CAMBRICS, PAPER CAMBRICS.
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN.'
Linen and Cotton SHEETING.
SHAWLS, LADIES' CLOAKS.
HATS and BONNETS, tr'med and unt'd.
BONNET FRAMES. RD3B0NS.
FLOWERS, FEATHERS, RUCHES.
BUGLE and other Fancy Dr eas and
Handkerchiefs, Gloves, Hosiery.
Coffs, Collars, Hair Nets.
Breakfast Shawls, Sontags.
Hoop and Balmoral Skirts, Corsets.
Veils, Coate's and Clark's Spool Cotton.
ALSO, A FULL LINE OF
GENTS FINISHING GOODS 1
Over. Business and Black Frock COATS.
PANTS and VESTS of all qualities.
White Linen and Woolen OVER-SHIRTS.
Shaker, Merino, Woolen and Cotton
CTNDER-8HIRT3 and DRAWERS.
Socks, Suspenders, Collars, Wristbands.
Neck-Ties, Pocket Handkerchiefs.
Hats and Caps.
Fine Pegged and Sewed Boots, Gaiters
Together with a larg? and well-s?leot?d
stock of Plain and Fancy
FLOUR, BACON, CHEESE, BUTTER.
LARD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR.
Whole and Ground Spices, Caudles.
Fancy and Common Soap*.
Soda, Indigo, Copperas, Blue Ston?.
Madder and Logwood.
Plain and Fancv Crackers.
Herrings and Mackerel, by tho barr? 1
bali barrel and kit.
Sweet Oil, Yeast Powders.
Carbonate of Soda, Concentrated Ly?.
Fancy and Plain Candies.
Sngar and Fancy Toys, Sardines.
Cotton and Wool Cards.
Pocket and Table Cutlery, Scissors.
Tobacco and Segars.
Together with a large assortment of
?oods usually kept, and too numer?os to
ALSO, ON HAND,
A large stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS,
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired.
Old GOLD and SOLVER bought.
New and second-hand WATCHES bought.
KALB'S PATENT LIMBS.
HARTMAN'S PATENT ELASTIC
And FAIRBANKS SCALES.
BETWEEN PLAIN ? WASEINQ TON