Newspaper Page Text
Daily Paper $10 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY
"Let our Just Censure
4 L \
Attend the true Event."
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year.
COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY' MORNING, FEBRUARY 28, 1866.
VOLUME I-NO. 28?
PUBLISHED DVILY AND TBI-WEEK LY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Daily Paper, sis months.?5 00
Tri-Weekly. " " .3 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for thc first
in sor rion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 7*5 cents each insertion.
SST Special notices 10 cents a Une.
Thomas P. SUder, Charleston.
H. JJ. Darr, Sumter.
S. P, Kinarri, Newberry.
Samuel Drouth itt, Greenville C. ll.
Wm. Moore, Abbeville C. H.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
Report of Gov. Harri?, Gen. Price
?nd Judge Perkins.
To the Hon. M. F. Maury, Imperial
Commissioner of Colonization.
Sn*: The undersigned ha "e the
honor to submit the following report:
Immediately after our appoiutm ent,
we proceeded to the District of < Cor?
dova, iu the State of Vera Cruz for
the purpose of examining the Linds
iu that district owned by the GOA ?rn
inent. We have visited and exam ned
the haciendas and lands in said dis?
trict mentioned in the decree of Ith j
They are situated upon the nine-,
teenth parallel of North latitude, u p ut
a plain which descends from the re?
gion of perpetual snows, and wiiiiin
twenty-five or thirty miles of ibo
snow-capped peak of Orizaba. The
altitude of this plain is about 2,850
feet above the level of thc sea, giving
a climate which is positively delight- j
ful, where it is never too warm to wear j
cloth clothes and to sleep under a !
blanket with comfort, and rarely cold
enough to wear an overcoat. We are
informed by intelligent persons who
have lived in the country for many
years, that the extreme variations of
the thermometer will not exceed j
The soil is extremely fertile and ?
highly productive, abounding in every
variety of tropical fruit, and of the
finest quality. Yielding under the j
present imperfect system of cultiva- ?
ti?n large crops of corn, barley, rice,
tobacco, sugar cane and coffee, with
almost every variety of vegetable,
whUe that portion of the lands near?
est th? coast produces heavy crops of
cotton of an excellent quality. Under
a proper system of cultivation, we are
satisfied that these lands may be made
to produce equal to any that we have
ever seen. We find mahogany, cedar,
oak and other valuable timber in the i
forest, while the or?nge, lemon, lime, j
fig, guayava and vanilla grow luxu?
riantly in the woods. These lands
are, in our opinion, admirably adapt?
ed to the purposes of colonization.
Considering soil, climate, location
and variety of crops, we know of no
b?tter, if, indeed, we have ever seeu :
so desirable a country for agricnl
Some of them lie upon and all in i
reach of the railroad from Vera Cruz j
to the city of Mexico, the most dis- j
tant being within twelve miles of the !
road and about seventy from the cit}' !
of Veracruz, and from fifteen to j
twenty miles from Passo del Machio, I
to which poiut the road is now in j
We are assured by the people of
the country that two crops of corn
eau be raised npon the same lands
each year, and from what we have
seen we are satisfied that the custom
of the country is to raise a crop of
corn and a crop of tobacco on the
same land, the corn ripening before
the usual time for tobacco planting.
Coffee is extensively and profitably
cultivated in the immediate vicinity
of these lands. The excellent quality
of the coffee grown here in times past
gives it high rank in the coffee mar?
kets of the world. The cultivation of
the coffee crop is simple, easy and
cheap, producing annually from a
thousand to fifteen hundred pounds*
The absence of any local cause of
dieease, and the health and robust
appearance of the people living upon
this plain, give ample assurances as
to the health of the country. The
surveyors are now engaged in survey?
ing the lands referred to. It is be?
lieved they will complete the survey
Avithin a week or ten day?, when their
settlement will commence by about
thirty American immigrants, who are
now here awaiting the completion of
Immediately upon seeing these im?
migrants furnished with lands, we
will proceed to the examination of
Zougolica and Jalappa lands, upon
which we hope to be able to report
very soon. Respectfullv submitted,
I. G. HARRIS,
COBDOVA, November 14,1865.
Within the past fortnight about
500 additional Southern post offices
have been re'opened, and the work
is still progressing.
ExTiNcno*; OF THE AFKICAN.-Gen.
Grant states that more than one-fifth
of the negroes of the South have
died since 18G1. Many excellent
North era people are amazed-horror
stricken. Cien. Grant does not tell
the whole story. He has only seen
tho effects of liberation from his
stand-point as a leader o' armies. He
may know how fatal war has proven
to colored soldiers and camp-follow?
ers, but he has seen little of the work
of death on farms, and in Southern
villages and cities. Few negro chil?
dren are born, and nineteen-twen?
tieths die within a year after birth.
Marital ties are everywhere disregard?
ed, and throughout the South dis?
eases more fatal to negroes than the
small pox are universally prevalent.
Tho care of children, once compulso
r}-, is no longer practiced. The ac?
tion of^Congi-ess, constant misrepre?
sentation of ex-masters, annoyances
to which people are subjected by
many fanatical agents of the Bureau,
?md the falsehoods published by
Northern papers, all tend to silence
the voice of kindness, and withhold
the extruded hand of sympathy. A
few more years of radical supremacy
and the negro race will be extinct.
Those who most hate tho African,
should desire most the triumph of
Stevens' party.-Memphis Bulletin.
THE FREEDMEN'S BUREAU IN SOUTH
CAROLINA.-The Philadelphia Press,
of the 18th inst., has the following
despatch from Washington, in rela?
tion to the freedmen's condition in
Gen. Howard has received letters
from Gen. Wm. P. Richardson, com?
manding the District of Eastern South
Carolina, and from a resident of that
district, which give an unusually
favorable account of the improvement
in the relations between the whites
and blacks of that section. Gen. Ri?
chardson says all the freedmen are
employed for the present year, and
the planters unhesitatingly confess
that they are working much better
than when they were slaves. The
planters are showing their confidence
in the freedmen by planting as largely
as their capital and lands will permit.
The demand for hands is great. One
gentleman at Society Hill offers from
62,?<j cents to Si per day, besides a
share in the crop. Another gentle?
man says he would not be willing to
return to the old system of slavery,
as his profits are now larger', and he
has much less trouble with the hands
on the plantation.
ENGLISH MERCHANTS IN MEXICO.
A city of Mexico correspondent says:
English merchants, the shrewdest
speculators in the world, seeing the
rich harvest this country has in store,
are coming every day from London
and Liverpool to settle here and have
a finger in the pie. Two large
houses, with about ?200,000 each,
have gone into the iron business,
which owing to the number of rail?
roads built or to be built, is one of
the most profitable speculations.
Several gas companies of London
have, through Mr. Llye, the engineer
of the line between Vera Cruz and
Mexico city, taken the conti-act for
lighting all the large cities of Mexico.
Another company is making applica?
tion for the establishment of a rail?
road between Vera Cruz and Perote.
- - I?I
SANDY COTTON.-Five bales of cot?
ton were opened on the premises of
the Suffolk Manufacturing Company
in this city, the other day, the bales
containing 987 pounds of sand- Each
bale had a bag of sand in the centre,
extending near to the end. Two of
them had two bags in each one; there
were 216 pounds of sand in one bale.
The amount found in the five bales,
at forty-seven cents per pound, would
cost ??463.89-a high price for that
commodity. This sand must have
been put in when baled on the plan?
tation, before being pressed.
A WELSH COLONY IN BRAZIL.-The
Brazil and River Plata Mail, an
English journal, has an account of a
colony of Welshmen in Patagonia.
They have established themselves on
the banks of the river Chupat, a
beautiful stream capable of naviga?
tion, in the North-east section ol' the
country. The soil is said to be of
excellent quality, very suitable for
growing wheat and all cereals, and
there are splendid pastures for sheep
and cattle. The river Chupat empties
into New Bay, which is a magnificent
basin, and thc harbor of the colony is
safe and capacious.
CURIOUS CALCULATION.-The follow?
ing estimate (founded upon the last
United States census) has been made
of the probable amount which it costs
! the individual members of the differ
? ent churchesin this country to sustain
them: A Baptist or Methodist, $3.40;
a Presbyterian, $7; a Congregation?
alist, $10; a Roman Catholic, $14; an
Episcopalian, $18; a Reformed Dutch,
$28; a Unitarian, $23.
ENABLE us to keep paco with the de?
cline in prices, and offer as extensive
a stock of goods in otu* line as can be found
RECEIVED TO-DAY !
A splendid assortment of
Varnish, Paint and Grain?
PAINTS, assorted, Dry
and in Oil.
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
AT REDUCED PRICES//
O FEET BELTING, assorted
JUm\J\J\J s izo 8, at manufacturers'
" GUM PACKING, LACE LEATHER.
COPPER RIVET8 and BURRS. For sale
by HOBSON & SUTPHEN,
Feb 17 Imo Rear of old Post Office.
HOPSON & SUTPHEN,
MANUFACTURERS and dealers
fef?fiSy-in everv description of SADDLES,
Ifyj. mult BRIDLES, HARNESS, COL?
LARS, WHIPS, TRUNKS, VALISES, LEA?
THER, ENAMELLED CLOTHS, Ac, which
thev offer at LOW PRICES.
Saddles, Harness and Trunks REPALRED
with neatness and despatch.
HOPSON A SUTPHEN,
Feb 17 Imo Rear of old Post Office.
H?Z?B0 PO WOES I
THE subscriber is just receiving into
store, and can supply, all kinds of
POWDER from the above" named popular
Factory-in whole, half and quarter kegs,
and in cans and canisters of every size and
quality, at GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
To merchants and others buying to noll
again, a farther liberal discount will bo
Ho has also in store a general assort?
HARDWARE, SHOES and
Embracing almost everything wanted for
House, Kitchen or Plantation --se; and is
constantly receiving fresh additions to his
stock. All of which will bc sold at the
Very Lowest Prices for Gash.
Give him a call, at Nos. 5 and 6 Bryce's
Range, Columbia, S. C.
Feb 14 Imo* ROBERT BRYCE.
PALMETTO IRON WORKS,
COOMBIA., s. c.
HAVING rebuilt a part
of our shop, we are again
^.prepared to reston) o busi?
ness in all of its various
gines, Grist and Saw Mills refitted; allkinds
of Brass and Iron Casting.
Mr. G. A. SHIELDS will be found at the
Works, ready to attend to all calls. We hope
to merit a share of thc public patronage.
40,000 lbs. BAR IRON, suitablo for plan?
3.000 lbs. best CAST STEEL.
200 Cast Steel AXES, made here.
100 Steel HOES, assorted. Planters will
do well to call and examine our Iron.
WM. GLAZE & CO.
FLOUR, BACON, ETC.
<0"l A BBLS. CHOICE FAMILY AND
J?1/? SUPER. FLOUR, at Charleston
prices, freight added.
20,000 lbs. choice old BACON SHOUL?
DERS, at 16 and 18c.
80,000 SEGARS-low-priced and good.
With various other articles of prime qua?
lities and low prices. For salo bv
Feb 4 Imo* E. STENHOUSE.
Edwin J. Scott,
HAS opened a Broker's and Exchango
Office in Columbia; will furnish checks
on New York and Charleston in sums to
suit purchasers. Attend to buying and
selling SPECIE, BANK BILLS, STOCKS,
BONDS, Ac, on commission, and make
cash advances on consignments of Cotton,
to be sold in Charleston or New York.
Office at C. H. Baldwin's store, corner
Main and Washington streets.
Jan 23 2mo*_
Paints, Oils, Window Glass, Sec.
AGENERAL assortment of the above,
together with a full stock of BRUSHES
I of every variety. In store and for salo
! cheap for cash by DIAL & POPE.
i C. D. MELTON. SAM'L W. MELTON
I MELTON & MELTON,
.Attorneys at Law,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
WILL practico in thc adjoining Dis?
tricts, and in Union, York, Chester
and Lancaster. Office on Assembly street,
second door South of the Catholic Church.
Jan 31 3mo
JUST RECEIVED A LARGE STOCK OF
FOR SALE LOW BY
GREGG & CO.,
Corner Sichardnon and Taylor Streets,
Feb 8 _*_Imo?
Valuable and Extensive Water Power
in the City of Oolnmbia for Sale.
Ordered by the Legislature of South Caro?
THE undersigned Commissioners, ap?
pointed by tho General Assembly of
South Carolina, at its late session, will
receive bids for the valuable W A T E R
POWER known as the COLUMBIA CANAL,
until the first day of April next.
Thc Canal is eight thousand six hundred
and fifty-four yards long, and the average
fall for the first three miles is fourteen feet,
commencing at ten feet at Upper street, in
Columbia, and attaining nineteen feet one
inch at Bridge street; tho remaining two
miles, from Bridge street to its mouth,
commences at nineteen feet ten inches, and
attains a fall of twenty-fivo feet. Fine
building sites exist between the canal and
river, giving complete protection to build?
ings and machinery irora freshets. Tho
State, through tho undersigned, will con?
vey the canal and all its appurtenances,
together with the right of way for sixty
feet on each side of thc centre,of tho canal
to the purchaser. Compensation to tho
adjacent land owners for tho right of way,
?.o be made by thc purchaser, on thc same
just and equitable terms that the right of
way was conveyed to thc Greenville and
Columbia Railroad Company, by Act of
15th December, 1845.
This power has been accurately surveyed
by Prof. John LeConte, of thc South Caro?
lina University, his report, together with
thc Act of the Genoral Assembly and this
advertisement, has been printed, and may
be obtained by addressing Jas. G. Gibbes.
Esq., Mayor of Columbia.
Prof. LeConte estimates that by doubling
the original capacity of thc canal, as re?
quired by thc Act, that tho power secuned
to Bridge .street will be 355 horse-power,
the average head being fourteen feet; and
from Bridge street to its mouth 532 horse?
power, with an average head of twenty-one
feet, and a current of ono foot per second.
With a current of two feet per second, thc
powers would be 710 and 1,064 horse-power;
and if tho machinery is not ran at night,
the power may bo doubled by accumulat?
ing water in reservoirs.
"As the supply of water," nays Prof.
LeConte, "which may bc turned from the
river into tho canal at its hoad, is almost
unlimited, tho canal can be enlarged to an
extent commensurate with thc demand for
water power. If desired, it may bo made
to supply water to the extent of 5,000 horse?
power oV more. In fact, by very simple
arrangements, one-third or op"-half. or
even more, of the whole water in Broad
River, night be turned into such an en?
larged canal." ?
This water power is literally within tho
city of Columbia. The city is now supplied
by railroads penetrating nearly every Dis?
trict in the State, furnishing the produc?
tions of cotton, rice, wheat, beef and pro?
visions, with little expenso at this important
Tho city of Columbia is supplied with gas
and good" water, the climate is salubrious
and healthy, being above tho miasmatic
region, and invites, forplcasant settlement
and society, merchants, artisans, mecha?
nics, manufacturers and person^ of for?
tune and leisure.
Thc property will be sold on Hie following
conditions, to wit: 1st. Tho purchaser
shall, within two yeai-s from the date of
conv?yanos, completo tho widening and
deepening of said canal to at least twice its
origininal capacity. (Its original capacity
was fifteen feet wide at top. eight feet at
bottom and four feet in depth; to double
it according to Prof. LeConte's report, it
will require tho removal of 80,107 cubic
yards of earth, and 3,200 cubic yards of
stono to Bridge street, and from Bridge
street to its mouth 22,176 cubic yards ol
earth-no stono to be removed. ) That thc
sa?u? shall always bc kept open for boating
purposes, freo of charges, to where it is
now used. (This will :;ot interfere at all
with the water power for driving machine?
ry, as boats only descend asfar as thc first
lock, near Upper street. )
That tho water shah not become stag?
nant, and that it shall not boused for othei
than hydraulic purposes.
That one-third oi the sum bid shall bc
paid within thirty days after notice of ac
ceptanco of bid: one-third at tho expiratior
of six months therefrom, and the remain
ing third at tho expiration of twelve
months. Titles delivered on payment o
first instalment, and that the title hereii
proposed to be convoyed ahab revert to th<
State, on default being made of any of th?
foregoing conditions, including paymen
of all thc pnrchaso money.
This watr r power with its location, in tin
judgment of tho Commissioners, is un
equaled by any in the State of South Caro
lina, and not surpassed by any in th<
Parties sending bids will please furnisl
the Commissioners with references as ti
tho ability promptly to make good tb
All tho communications may be addresse
to tho undersigned at Columbia, S. C.
JAMES L. ORR,
WM. D. PORTER,
JAMES G. GIBBES,
Mayor of Columbia.
Columbia, S. C., January 23, 1866.
? Feb 13_
THE subscribers would respectfully ii
form the citizens of Columbia an
vicinity, that they have opened their stoc
of HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS, WD
DOW GLASS, &e., to which they wool
ask the attention of purchasers, cheapfc
oash. DIAL A POPE.
M. 8. 75 !
RECEIVED TO-DAY ! !
FROM NEW YORK DIRECT!
4TIERCES NEW HAMS.
?1 " Bacon SIDES and STRIPS.
6 boxes Babbit's YEAST POWDERS.
IO '; ass'd PICKLES-q'ts and teals.
25 " RAISINS, (Laver.)
20 drums FIGS.
12 boxes ENGLISH DAIRY CHEESE.
12 " GOSHEN
4 " PINEAPPLE
12 bbls. SYRUP and MOLASSES.
50 boxes SCALED HERRINGS.
6 " FLAVORING EXTRACTS.
2 bbls. Imported SAUER KRAUT.
2 " NEW DUTCH HERRING.
Always on hand a full assortment of
Ginger Preserves, Citron, Prunes.
Currants, Cocoa, Chocolate.
Corn Starch, Spices.
Flour, Sugars, Coffee.
Tea, Butter, Lard.
Salseratus and Soda.
A full assortment of
FINE LIQUORS !
Which wo offer at FAIR FRI CES.
CALNAN S MEE [JD BE,
Gervais street, near Richardson.
Feb 16 *
OFFICE IX COTTOX TOWS',
COLUMBIA, S. O.
WILL store or attend to tho forwrrding
of COTTON, PRODUCE, FURNI?
TURE and GOODS entrusted*) their care.
Will also sell HORSES, MULES, CAT?
We pledge ourselves to use every endea?
vor to promote tho welfare of those who
mav favor us with their patronage.
J. M. CRAWFORD. L. P. MILLER.
J83~ Charleston News, Newberry Herald,
Winnsboro News, Chester Standard, Abbe?
ville Banner, Anderson Intelligencer and
GreenviUe Mountaineer will publish two j
weeks, and forward biljs. _ Dec 30
THE subscriber - a
(b^jfpEa?fform ^is old cus- ||r?^"|||B
flH^BB?t 0 m 0 r s ,a " ^ H ^ -
3!gE&B3BBSSef fiends that. ijjlgTOfl?Bfc
'.Phonix"-like, Iiis store has risen out of
smouldering ashes into a substsntial brick
building of goodly proportions, in which
parties wanting storage can be accommo?
dated. All description of goods received
for sale on consignment; ano where he will
keep as good an assortment of GROCE?
RIES as can bo found anywhere, and for
sale, as usual, at the lowest prices, at
wholesale and retail. E. STENHOUSE.
LUDWIG & KEATINGE,
ENGRAVERS & LITHOGRAPHERS,
CORNER NINTH AND BROAD STS.,
PLloTi im ond, V?
Jan 30 3mo
Brass and Copper.
THE highest prices paid for old BRASS,
COPPER, LEAD and ZLNC, at
Corner of Gadsden and Washington sts.
Orders for everv description of BRASS
CASTINGS filled with neatness and de?
spatch._ Jan 27
LEV?N & P??XOTTO,
GENERAL AUCTIONEERS AND COM?
MISSION AGENTS, COLUMBIA, S. C.
C?rner Assembly and Plain Streets.
OFFER their services to dispose off or
purchase PRODUCE, REAL ESTATE
or PERSONAL PROPERTY of any and
every kind, and from their general know?
ledge of business hopo to merit a share of
public patronage. JACCB LEVIN,
Late Book-keeper Exchange Bank.
D. C. PEIXOTTO.
Formerlv associated with F. Lance.
I Jan 13
^0HI4 T. RHETT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
AND SOLICITOR IN EQUITY
Office in Rear of Court Houee.
Feb 1 Imo*
W . -A.. T=T /V 1=t TMS.
SPECIAL attention paid to parchase and
salo of PLANTATIONS. FARMS,
I DWELLLNGS and REAL ESTATE of every
' description in South Carolina and the
Southern States. Office-Court House
Square, Columbia, S. C_Pcb 3
Hubs, Spokes and Felloes.
AFULL supply of HUBS, SPOKES and
FELLOES, suitable for Buggies and
Wagons. ALSO, ,
Carriage and Tire Bolts, Axle Clips, Ac.
In store and for salo cheap for cash by
DIAL A POPE,
jan 27 Sncoeasors to Allen A Dial.
Engine, etc., for Sale.
AFIVE-HORSE ENGINE, in running
order, with pulleys, ?tc., for sale low.
Apply at thia office. Peo 21
TO MAKE ROOM FOB ,
WHOLUAU AWD RETAI?. DKALBStS IX
OFFER THEIR STOCK AT
AGOOD assortment of PRINTS, of all
colors and qualities.
French and English MERINO.
Black and Colored ALPACA.
Opera, White and Red All-wool and Cot?
GINGHAM, JACONET, SWISS MUSLIN.
JEANS, CAMBRICS, PAPER CAMBRICS.
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN.
Linen and Cotton SHEETING.
SHAWLS, LADIES' CLOAKS.
HATS and BONNETS, tr'med and nnt'd.
BONNET FRAMES, RIBBONS.
FLOWERS, FEATHERS, RUCHES.
BUGLE and other Fancy Dre?? and
Handkerchiefs, Gloves, Hosiery.
Cuffs, Collars, Hair Nets.
Breakfast Shawls, Sontaga.
Hoop and Balmoral Skirts, Corsets.
Veils, Coatc's and Clark's Spool Cotton.
ALSO, A FULL LIN OP
GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS !
Over, Business and Black Frock COATS.
PANTS and VESTS of ah qualities.
White Linen and Woolen OVER-SHIRTS.
Shaker, Merino, Woolen and Cotton
UNDER-SHIRTS and DRAWERS.
Socks, Suspenders, Collars, Wristbands.
Neck-Ties, Pockot Handkerchiefs.
Hats and Caps.
Fine Pegged and Sewed Boots, Gaiters
Together with a largo and well-selected
stock of Plain and Fancy
Oro o eries,
FLOUR, BACON, CHEESE, BUTTER.
LARD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR.
Whole and Ground Spices, Caudles.
Fancy and Common Soaps.
Soda, Indigo, Copperas, Blue Stone.
Madder and Logwood.
Plain and Fancv Crackers.
Herrings and Mackorel, by th? barrel
half barrel and kit.
Sweet Oil, Yeast Powders.
Carbonato of Soda, Concentrated Ly*.
Fancy and Plain Candies.
Sugar and Fancy Toys, Sardines.
Cotton and Wool Cards.
Pocket and Table Cutlery, Scissors.
Tobacco and Segare.
Together with a largo assortment of
goods usually kept, and too numerous lo
ALSO, ON HAND,
A largo stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS,
SPECTACLES, Ac. "
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired.
Old GOLD and SILVER bought.
New and second-hand WATCHES bought.
KALB'S PATENT LIMBS.
HARTMAN'S PATENT ELASTIC
And FAIRBANK'S SCALES.
BETWEEN PLAIN ?? WASHINGTON