Newspaper Page Text
Daily Paper $10 a Tear
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.
BY .JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 4, 1866.
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year.
VOLUME I-NO. 2|9^
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TM-WEEKLY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-m A D VA NC E.
Daily Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weekly, " " .3 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for thc first
insertion, and 50 couta for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
SO""Special notices 10 cents a line.
Thomas V. Slider, Charleston.
If. E. Darr, Sumter.
.-i. P. Kinara, Newberry.
Samuel Drouthitt, Greenville C. H.
Wm. Moore, Abbeville C. H.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
At a recent meeting of the ' 'United
Service Society," Col. W. S. Hillyer,
formerly on Gen. Grant's staff, deli?
vered au address on the state of the
country. He spoke truthfully of. the
South and her people. We make
room for the folio-wing extracts:
Andrew Johnson took np the work
where Abraham Lincoln left it. With
the same plan und purpose, aided by
the same Cabinet counsellors, and by
that more intimate knowledge which
he possessed of the motives and cha?
racter of the Southern people, he
finished and announced to the coun?
try the plan of restoration. The peo?
ple of the loyal States accepted it
with a ready and enthusiastic ap?
proval. The people of the rebel
States considered it with caution and
deliberation. After due deliberation,
amid their desolated homes, with
heavy hearts and crushed pride, they
accepted it in good faith, and have
performed their part honestly and
manfully. . I speak whereof I know.
I have lately returned from a visit to
the South. I traversed large portions
of Tennessee, Mississippi and Ala?
bama. I met men from Georgia,
Florida and Louisiana. I talked with
people of these States of all condi?
tions. I talked with men from the
North who have settled there since
the war. I talked with Federal
officers and employees of the Treasury
Department I talked with black
men as well as whit? men-with
women and children. I attended
their churches and theatres. I read
their newspapers. I went, whenever
I had the opportunity, into their
social circles. I listened to conversa?
tions on their street corners. I was
determined to know how that people
felt, and what they intended. My
observation taught me that the South?
ern people have very little love but a
great deal of respect for the Yankees.
As long as the new-made graves are
unsodded-as long as there are empty
chairs in every household, suggesting
the occupants of those graves-we
cannot expect that they will be in?
clined to kiss the hand that has
smitten them. But the manhood
and courage and endurance which is
essential to tho success of even supe?
rior numbers, and which thwarted
them on so many battle-fields, raised
the Yankee character in their estima?
tion far above what it was before the
war. Whatever may be said of the
South, it must be admited that they
are a brave people. To deny it, is
to rob our heroes of all that made
them heroes. Brave men, tinder
most circumstances, respect each
other and trust each other. Grant
and Sherman, to-day, would place
the most implicit reliance upon the
plighted word of Lee or Johnston.
It is only necessary to cultivate re?
spect and confidence. Kindly feel?
ing will soon follow. My observation
taught me, next, that the people of
the South accept the result of the
war as the full and final determina?
tion of the question of the right of a
State to secede. Most of the original
secessionist of tho South are to-day
earnest and zealous loyalists.
I do not think there is an intelli?
gent man in the South to-day who
believes that the right of secession
will ever again be an open or disputed
question. My observation taught
me further, that the people of the
South regard sh.very as dead beyond
the possibility of revival. The sug?
gestion so industriously circulated in
the North that the people of tho
South are looking forward to the
tiir.e when they can re-establish
slavery, is false as false can be, and
without the shadow of foundation. I
put the question to almost every man
J talked with in thc South, "L)o you
have any idea that slaveiy in any
form will ever again bc a recognized
institution among you?" The an?
swer was universally and emphati?
cally in the negative. Ci o v. McRea,
of Mississippi, who has been a mem?
ber of both the Federal and Confede?
rate Legislatures, an original seces?
sionist, and tho father of that
infamous scheme, broached some
years ago, to re-open the African slave
trade, told me that the people of the
South not only did not expect that
slavery would be re-established, but
did not desire it. While they regret?
ted its abolition, and looked upon
that as one of the greatest calamities
incident to the war, that freedom had
so demoralized tho negroes that any
attempt to re-enslave them would be
fraught with too many dangerous
consequences to bo seriously consid-,
ered. My observation taught me
further, that the people of the South
are greatly desirous for Yankee im?
migration. They want Yankee capi?
tal and Yankee labor and energy to
cultivate their neglected fields and
develop their boundless resources.
Everywhere I went I was asked to
urge our people to come down and
settle among them, with the promise
of the largest rewards to industry
and capital. The general proposition
that it is unsafe for Northern men to
settle in the "Sou th outside military
protection is false. There may be
some neighborhoods where this would
be true. I know of none such. If
there are, they are rare exceptions to
a general ruie. General Webster,
the late distinguished chief of Gene?
ral Sherman's staff, wivh whom I had
the pleasure of a long association in
the staff of General Grant, has settled
in Alabama, far away from any mili?
tary post. He told me that it was
sheer nonsense to talk of it being
dangerous for Northern men to settle
in tho South. That no unkind or
disrespectful word had been ?aid to
him since he had been there.
In referring to the question of
negro suffrage, Col. Hillyer said:
There is no man who understands
this subject better than the Chief
Magistrate of this nation, and, thank
God, he has the nerve and the man?
hood to stand in his high place in
Washington, in the face of day, before
high heaven and the august tribunal
of the world, true to the honest con?
victions of his soul. There he stands
like a light-house on a rock in the
midst of the ocean, throwing forth its
light amid th? storm, regardless of
the angry waves that dash around.
Should this new-born treason become
a pestilence, and sweep through the
halls of Congress, Andrew Johnson,
as the representative of the people,
with unflinching faith in the support
of that people, will stand like the
prophet of old between the living
and the dead till the plague is stayed.
I told the people of the South that
Congress did not represent the senti?
ments of the peoplo of the North,
nor the Kepublican party. That the
President knew this fact, and they
could rely on his firmness in every
emergency. That however much he
might be disposed to yield-his indi?
vidual opinion to the assembled wis?
dom of Congress, that he would never
yield the well known conviction of
the people to the clamor of their well
ANDREW JACKSON-ANDREW JOHN?
SON.-Tlie most interesting letter re?
ceived- by the Tammany Society on
the occasion of its semi-centennial ce?
lebration of the battle of New Orleans
was not published with the proceed?
ings of the dinner. We now print
the letter of President Johnson in
reply to the invitation sent to him,
declining the invitation, which will
command general attention :
Washington, D. C., Jan. 2, 18CG.
SIR : I take pleasure in acknowledg?
ing the receipt, from tho Ancient
Society of Tammany, of an invitation
to attend their semi-centennial cele?
bration of the anniversary of the battle
of New Orleans. It would afford me
sincere gratification to join you in
commemorating the eminent services
of the hero of that great victory, who,
in field and in council, over signalized
his devotion to the TJinon of States,
and won for himself enduring nation?
al renown. My engagements, how?
ever, will not permit me to bc pre?
sent, and I regret this the more as
the occasion is in honor of an even!
to which, as you justly remark, re?
united brethren in every portion of the
republic can recur with equal gratifi?
cation and pride.
The inspirations derived from thc
contemplation of common trials,
common victories, and national tra
ditions sacredly cherished by everj
American, cannot fail to exert an im
portant influence in healing the irri
tation of sectional wounds and
strengthening the feeling of tiovotior
to the Federal Union, tho maintain
ance and preservation of which, ir.
all its dignity and purity, was thc sol(
aim of tho intrepid and incorrupta
ble patriot, Andrew Jackson. Witl
great respect, sincerely yours,
Hon. JOHN VAM BUREN, Chairman
etc., etc., New York city.
Forney, the "dead duck," an<
Tilton, the live goose, report tha
President Johnson occupies his lei
sure moments by editing the Wash
ington Intelligencer. If this be true
President Johnson makes a bette
paper than either of these editors, ii
less than half the time.
[ New York Leader.
ENABLE ua to koop paco with thc de?
cline in prices, and oiler as extensive
a stock of goods in our lino as can bo found
in Columbia: .
RECEIVED TO-DAY !
A splendid assortment of
Varnish, 'Paint and Grain?
PAINTS, assorted, Dry
and in Oil.
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
HAXABD POWDER ?
THE subscriber ie just receiving into
store, and can supply, all kinds of
POWDER from the above named popular
Factory-in whole, half and quarter kegs,
and in cans and canisters of every size and
quality, at GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
To merchants and others buying to soil
again, a further liberal discount will bc
He has also in store a general assort?
HARDWARE, SHOKS anti
HATS, _ . GROCERIES,
Embracing almost evetything wanted for
House, Kitchen or Plantation use; and is
constantly receiving fresh additions to his
stock. All of which will be sold at the
Very Lowest Prices for Cash.
Give him a call, at Nos. 5 and 6 Bryce's
Rang?, Columbia, S. C.
Feb 14 Imo* ROBERT BRYCE.
Paints, Oils, Window Glass, &c.
AGENERAL assortment of the above,
together with a full stock of BRUSHES
of every variety. In store and for sale
cheap for cash by DIALTOPE.
H E. NICHOLS,
Come)- of Assembly and Washington Sts.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
REPRESENTS a number of the best
both Northern and Southern-compa?
nies, possessing an aggregate capital of
LIFE, FIRE, MARINE,
INLAND AND ACCIDEN?
TAL RISKS taken on equi?
table terms, and all losses
??^Policies made payable
in Gold or Currencv.?1?&.
INSURE YOE LIVES.
APOLICY OF LIFE INSURANCE IS
THE CHEAPEST AND SAFEST
MODE of making a certain provision for
Nothing is so uncertain as life.
No provision is perfect that is contingent
upon the duration of your life, which is not
The only IMMEDIATE provision is that
provided by LIFE INSURANCE.
It provides a SECURITY to tho family
of every man engaged in business.
It is a species of property that costs
nothing but tho premiums; it requires no
repairs, has no taxes, calls for no outlay?,
and its conditions do not chango.
Call on H. E. NICHOLS, Agent for thc
following OLD, RELIABLE and POPU?
LAR LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES:
JETNA, OJP HARTFORD, CONN.,
GLOBE, OJP KEW YORK,
Assets, nearly $3,000,000.
NORTH CAROLINA MUTUAL, OF RA?
LEIGH, Assets, nearly $1,000,000.
CORNER OF WASHINGTON AND AS?
SEMBLY STREETS, COLUMBIA, S. C.
Jan 18 3m
Fire and Marine
BEING appointed agent for several
FIRST-CLASS INSURANCE "COMPA?
NIES, I am prepared to insure to any
amount against fire. Amongst tho offices
for which I s:n ngent aro tho well-known
Metropolitan, of New York; Continental, ol
New \ork; and National, of New Orleans.
These offices alone have a capital of over
Policies made payable in either gold oi
currency. JAMES G. GIBBES, Agent.
Dec 29 Smo*
C. D..MELTON. SAM'L W MELTON
MELTON &. MELTON,
Attorneys at Law,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
WILL practice in tho adjoining Dis?
tricts, and in Union, iork, Chestei
and Lancaster. Office on Assembly street,
second door South of the CatlnJBc Church.
Jan 81 3mo
JUST RECEIVBD A LARGE STOCK OF
FOR SALE LOW RY
GREGG & CO.,
Corner Richardson and Taylor Streets,
Feb 8_1 Imo*
Valuable and Extensive Water Power
in the City of Columbia for Sale.
Ordered by thc Legislature of South Caro?
THE undersigned Commissioners, ap?
pointed by tho General Assembly of
South Carolina, at its lato session, Viii
receive bids for the valuable ff ATM
POWER known as the COLUMBIA CANAL,
until the first day of April next.
Tho Canal is eight thousand six hundred
and fifty-four yards long, and the average
fall for "the first three miles is fourteen feet,
commencing at ten feet at Upper street, in
Columbia, and attaining nineteen feet one
inch at Bridge street; thc remaining two
miles, from Bridge street to its mouth,
commences at nineteen feet ten inches, and
attaius a faU of twenty-five feet. Fine
building sites exist between thc canal and
river, giving complete protection to build?
ings and machinery irom freshets. The
State, through the "undersigned, will con?
vey the canal and all its appurtenances,
together with the right of way for sixty
feet on each side of the centre of the canal
to tho purchaser. Compensation to the
adjacent land owners for the right of way,
to bo made by the purchaser, on thc same
just and equitable terms that the right of
way was conveyed to the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad Company, by Act of
15th December. 1845.
This power has been accurately surveyed
by Prof. John LeCoutc, of the South Caro?
lina University; his report, together with
the Act of thc General Assembly and this
advertisement, has been printed, and may
bo obtained be addressing Jae. G. Gibbes,
Esq., Mayor cf Columbia.
Prof. LeConte estimates t hat by doubling
the original capacity of tho canal, as re?
quired by the Act, that thc power secured
to Bridge street will bo 355 horse-power,
the average head being fourteen feet; and
from Bridge btreet to its mouth 532 horse?
power, with an average head of t wenty-one
feet, and a current of ono foot per second.
With a current of two feet per second, the
powers would be 710 and 1,004 horse-power;
and if thc machinery is not run at night,
the power may be doubled by accumulat?
ing water in reservoirs.
"As tho supply of water," says Prof.
LeConte, "which may be turned from the
river into the canal at its head, is almost
unlimited, tho canal can be enlarged to an
extent commensurate with tho demand for
water power. If desired, it may be maui
to supply water to tho extent of 5,000 horse?
power or more. In fact, by very simple
arrangements, one-third or one-half, or
even more, of the whole water in Broad
River, might be turned into such an en?
This water power is literally within thc
city of Columbia. The city is now supplied
by "railroads penetrating nearly evory Dis?
trict in the State, furnishing the produc?
tions of cotton, rice, wheat, beef and pro?
visions, with little expense at this important
The city of Columbia is supplied with gas
and gooil water, tho climate is salubrious
and healthy, being above the miasmatic
region, and invites, for pleasant settlement
and society, merchants, artisans, mecha?
nics, manufacturers and persons of for?
tuno and leisure.
Tho property will be sold on tho following
conditions, to wit: 1st. Tho purchaser
shall, within two years from tho dato of
conveyance, complete tho widening and
deepening of said canal to at least twice its
origininal capacity. (Its original capacity
was fifteen feet wide at top, right feet at
bottom and four feet in depth; to double
it according to Prof. LeConte's report, it
will require tho removal of 30,107 cubic
yards of earth, and 3,200 cubic yards of
stono to Bridge strcot, and from Bridge
street to its month 22,176 cubic yards of
earth-no stono to bc removed.) That tho
same shall always be kept open for boating
purposes, 1'rco of charges, to where it is
now used. (This will not interfere at all
with the water power for driving machine?
ry, as boats only descend asfar as tba .'irst
lock, near Upper stree;.'
That tho water shall not become stag?
nant, and that it shall not boused for other
than hydraulic purposes.
That one-third or tho sum bid shall bo
paid within thirty days after notice of ac?
ceptance of bid;ono-thirdat the expiration
of six months therefrom, and the remain?
ing third at tho expiration of twelve
months. Titles delivered on payment of
first instalment, and that tho title herein
proposed to bo conveyed shall revert to the
State, on default being made of any of the
foregoing conditions, including payment
of all the purchase money.
This water power with its location, in thc
judgment of tho Commissioners, is un?
equaled by any in tho St ate of South Caro?
lina, and "not surpassed bj' any in tho
Parties sending bids will plcaso furnish
the Commissioners with references as to
tho ability promptly to make good the
All the communications may bo addressed
to tho undersigned at Columbia, S. C.
JAMES L. ORR,
WM. D. PORTER,
JAMES G. GIBBES,
Mayor of Columbia.
Columbia, S. C., January 23, 1^6.
Feb 13 _
THE subscribers would respectfully in?
form the citizens of Columbia and
vicinity, that they have opened thon stock
of HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS, WIN?
DOW GLASS. Ac, to which thev would
ask the attention of purchasers, clieap for
cash. DIAL i POPE.
PALMETTO IRON WORKS,
COLUMBIA. S. C.
HAYING rebuilt a part
of our shop, wo arc again
a-?preparod to resumo busi
jBi ness in all of its valions
:53K5**branchcs repairing En?
gines, Grist and Saw Tullis refitted; ail kinds
of Brass and Iron Casting.
Mr. G. A. SHIELDS will bo found al tho
Works, ready to attend to all '..'alls. We hope
to merit a share of tho public patronage.
40,000 lbs. BAB IBON, suitable r..r plan?
3,000 lbs. best CAST STEEL.
200 Cast Steel AXES, made here.
100 Steel HOES, assorted. Planters will
do well to call and examine our Iron.
Columbia to Charleston.
THE NEW and FIRST-CLASS LIGHT
DRAFT STEAMERS GEORGE and
FASHION are n?..w prepared to make en?
gagements to tako Freight from Granby
Landing to Charleston. All goods tor
warded by this line will be insured, if de?
sired. Also, forwarded to New York, and
advances made upon the same, if required.
Feb 14 Imo A. L. SOLOMON. Agent.
THROUGH ROUTE NORTH,
VIA CHA Ii LO TTE AX1> GREENS?
BORO. N. C., AND DANVILLE
ANJ> RICHMOND, VA.
CIT AGES leave Columbia, S. C., daily,
O connecting with Charlotte and South
Arrive at Charlotte, N. C. 2.30 p. m.
Leave Charlotte. 3.00 p. m.
Arrive at Greensboro. N. C.. .10.00 p. m.
Leave Greensboro..-10.20 ?.. tn.
Arrive at Richmond, Ta. 3.1 "5 p. m.
the following day,connecting with) vening
trains for Washington and all thc North?
Close connections made, and no delay on
this route. Neares1" md best route North.
J. FITZ JAMES, Agent
Jan 23 3mo_R. D. A P. Railroads.
Sup'ts Office, Charlotte & S. C. R. R.,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JANUARY 1, 18CC.
tm' BBBgj ONE HUNDRED LA
^:^^^S^BORERS wanted, to work
on the track. Apply to WILLIAM REY?
NOLDS, Section Master, at the Depot.
Jan 3 jTAS. ANDERSON. Sup't.
Greenville and Columbia Railroad.
GEN'L SUPERINTENDTS OFFICE,
COLUMBIA, January 2S, 1SG6.
ON and after WEDNESDAY next, tho
31st inst., tho Passenger Trains will
run daily (Sundays excepted) as follows:
Leavo Columbia "at. COO a. m.
" Alston at.11.00 "
" Newberry at.12.50 p. m.
Arrive at Abbeville at. 0.00 "
" at ?nderst. ;! at.8.10 "
" at Greenville at.0.00 "
Leave Greenville at. 4.30 a. m.
" Anderson at.5.30 "
" Abbeville at. 7.45 "
" Newberry at. 1.10 JJ. m.
Arrive at Alston'at.2.55 "
" at Columbia at. 8.00 "
There will be abont seven miles of stac?
hln still between Freshley's anil Alston.
Passengers will bo furnished with tickets
through, including thc road, stage and
ferry. 60 pounds baggage only allowed on
stage to one seat. J. 15. LASSALLE,
Jan 28 General Superintendent.
Schedule over South Carolina R R.
GENERAL SUP'TS OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, January 18. 1800.
LEAVE Charleston at. 0.00 a. m.
Arrive at Columbia.4.25 p. m.
Leavo Columbia at.6.00 a. m.
Arrive s.t Charleston.4.15 p. m.
Jan 18_H. T. PEAKE, Gen. Sup.
South Carolina Railroad Company
GEN. SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, January 10, 1S66.
ON and after this date, Passenger and
Freight Trains will run on the Augusta
Branch to Graham's, as follows:
Leave Charleston.G.iiO a. m.
Arrive at Graham's.1.30 p. m.
Leave Graham's.'?.10 a. m.
Arrive at Charleston.4.15 p. m.
Jan 17 H. T. PEAKE, Gen. Snp.
Gen. Sup'ts Office, C.]& S. C. R. R.;
COLUMBIA, S. C., FEBRUARY 12, 1866.
11HIS Road is now completed to Ridge?
way, and Passenger and Freight Trains
running as below:
Leave Charlotte) (on arrival of tho
North Carolina train) at.10.00 p.m.
Arrive at Ridgeway at. tj.OO
Leavo Ridgeway at. 5.15 a.m.
Arrive at Charlotte at. 2.50 p. m.
Feb 14 JAS. ANDERSON, Sup't.
Engine, etc., for Sale.
A FIVE-HORSE ENGINE, in running
J\_ order, with pulleys, etc., for sale low.
Apply at this office. ' D?o 21
MESSRS. EDITORS: Major THEODORE
STARK is respectfully nominated asa can?
didate for the office of MAYOR of the city
of Columbia-to be tilled at tho ensuing
election in April next-by his
Dec 28 MANY FRIENDS.
The friends of Dr. A. N. TALLEY nomi?
nate him as a candidato for Mayor at tho
ensuing election in April next. Nov 2 *
TO MAKE ROOM FOR
SPB?NG & SUMMER STOCK.
WHOLESALE AND RETAH. DZAI.KRS IN
OFFER THEIR STOCK AT
^EJDtTCED PRICES ?
AGOOD assortment of PRINTS, of all
colors and qualities.
French and English MERINO.
Black and Colored AH'ACA.
Opera, White and Red All-wool and Cot?
GINGHAM, JACONET, SWISS MUSLIN.
JEANS, CAMBRICS, PAPER CAMBRICS.
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN.
Linen and Cotton SHEETING.
SHAWLS, LADIES' CLOAKS.
HATS and BONNETS, tr'mod and unt'd.
BONNET FRAMES, RIBBONS.
FLOWERS, FEATHERS, RUCHES.
BUGLE and other Fancy Dress and
Handkerchiefs, Gloves, Hosiery.
Cuffs, Collars, Hair Nets.
Breakfast Shawls, Sontag*.
Hoop and Balmoral Skirts, Corsets.
Yi'ils, Coate's and Clark's Spool Cotton.
ALSO, A FULL LIN OF
GENTS FIMISIIIM GOODS !
Over. Business and Black Frock COATS.
PANTS and VESTS of all qualities.
White Linen anil Woi len OVER-SHIRTS.
Shaker, Merino, Woolen and Cotton
U N1 ) KR-SH11 ITS and DRAWERS.
Socks, Suspenders, Collars, Wristbands.
Neck-Tics, Pocket Handkerchiefs,
llat.i and ("ups.*
Fine Pegged and Sowed Boots, Gaiter*
Together with a large and woll-s*lccted
stock of Blain and Fancy
FLOUR, BACON, CHEESE, BUTTER.
LARD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAB.
Whole and Ground Spices, Candles.
Fancy ?md Common Soaps.
Soda! Indigo, Copperas, Blue Stone.
Madder an.1. Logwood.
Plain and Fancy Crackers.
Herrings and Mackerel, by the barrel
half barrel and ka.
Sw .ct Oil, Yeast Powders.
Carbonate of Hm!.;. Concentrated Lye.
Fancy and Blain Candie s.
Sugar and Fancy Toys, Sardines.
Kerosene ( ?il.
( lotton and Wool Cards.
Pocket and Table Cutlery, Scissors.
Tobacco and Segars.
Together with a largo assortment of
goods usually kept, and too numerous to
ALSO, ON HAND,
A large stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS,
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired.
Old GOLD and SILVER bought.
New and second-hand WATCH F.S bought.
KALB'S PATENT LIMBS.
HARTMAN'S PATENT E L A S T I C
And FAIRBANKS SCALES.
BETWEEN PLAIN A WASHINGTON