Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, Mareil IO, 1866.
The Test Oath.
This abominable excrescence of
radical root is keeping the whole
country back in its natural progress
to restoration and prosperity. "We
have read the oath, and have filled
some of the forms np for appointed
officers, but, in these instances, the
objectionable paragraph or sentence,
4 ' never sympathized with the rebel?
lion," was stricken out or modified.
The test oath probably might have
been necessary durin0 the war, to
prevent "traitors," so-called, from
getting into office, but it is clear, and
it is in the language of the act itself,
that the so-called test oath was only
intended for officers of the Govern?
ment, and not for members of Con?
No oath but that prescribed by the
Constitution of the United States,
can be rightfully administered or ap?
plied "to the Senators or Representa?
tives from the States of the Union,
and the radicals show their folly in
persisting on an oath that has already
obstructed the operations of the Go?
vernment in two of its most impor?
tant departments-the post office and
revenue. Oaths of allegiance, abju?
ration and supremacy were prevalent
in Great Britain during the last cen?
tury. It was eminently politic
to curse the Pretender, deny
the Pope, and submit to reign?
ing power. Many took these oaths
who were well affected, and there?
fore the oath was superfluous:
the diaffected took them as mere lip
service, excusing themselves, as Naa
man did for bowing down in the house
The only oath of office that should
be required of officers-Federal 01
State-is that which requires alle?
giance to the Government and thc
support of the Constitution of the
United States. This constitutes th?
whole duty of a true American citizen.
DIFFICULTY IN EDGEFIELD.-Tb?
Augusta Constitutionalist says that twe
citizens, Edward Coleman and Hum
phrey Bauleware, both of whom wen
intoxicated, had a difficulty at Edge
field C. H., a few days since. I
appears that a soldier, who was als<
intoxicated, interfered, and com
menced fighting with Coleman, whon
he shot in the back of the neck
whereupon Coleman drew a pistol anc
shot and killed the soldier. Colemai
is seriously but not dangerously
Maj. Gen. Howard has issued a cir
cnlar letter to the Assistant Commis
sioners of the Freedmen's Bureau
giving instructions for dealing witl
the question of matrimony arnon)
the freed people. They are to con
suit the State laws with regard to th
marriage and divorce of white vs
white persons, and embody them fo
the benefit of the freedmen, as far a
can be done, in a circular, and di
siring them to frame such a system c
marriage rules as would be approve
by the State authorities, with th
formal approval of the Governor o
the subject appended.
Reports from various quarters rej
resent the Fenian excitement moi
than ordinarily intense. They hel
a meeting in New York on the 4tl
which is represented as one of tl]
largest ever held on this continent.
REFORM IN ENGLAND.-Of the prc
posed enlargement of the electn
franchise in England, the Londc
Times speaks a? follows :
As the time draws near for revea
ing the plans of the Ministry, it a]
pears to become more certain that tl
Reform Bill of 1866 will consist sin
ply of clauses lowering the franchii
in boroughs to ?6 rating, and tl
counties to ?15 occupation. It won]
seem, unless he has been sadly belie?
that Lord Russell lias acted upon tl
advice of Mr. Bright, and lias, great'
daring, resolved to stake the existent
of his administration on the succe:
of a bill which shall give us ?6 f(
?10 householders, and a ?15 for ?i
county tenants. We cannot suppo;
that tho Government believes tin
such a bill as is now predicted will I
accepted as a settlement of the r
It is crude, violent and offensif
it expresses no policy, it corresponc
to no aims. The conduct of the Mil
istry of Reform seems to show th:
they are themselves conscious th;
they arc settling down. They ya
from side to side, and roll and plunf
with every fresh gust and every pas
ing wave, but such things are pr
monitory of disaster, and we can on
hope that, if there is to be a shi
wreck, something valuable may 1
left by way of salvation.
Judge Aldrich's Charge to the Grand
GENTTXEKEN OF THE GRAND JUBY: I
have lately beeu in the performance
of my official duties in the city of
Charleston. When I looked over the
old town, and realized the ravages
.?hat fire and war had made in the
last five years, I could not but feel
and express profound sorrow. When
I come here and see how much you
have suffered, I have no words with
which to frame my sympathy. The
day before the army of Gen. Sherman
entered, I was in Columbia, and left
on the morning of its capitulation.
That night I witnessed its burning
from Winnsboro, but I had no
conception of the great devasta?
tion until my return a few days
after. When I left, this was the
most beautiful city in the South.
When I returned, it was charred and
ruined. When I left, its trees were
green; its hospitable mansions, the
seat of cultivated taste and high
social refinement, were opened; its
gardens were trimmed and inviting;
all was beautiful. When I returned,
two-thirds of your lovely city was in
ashes, its temples to the living God
were burned, its school-houses and
seminaries had been given to the de?
vouring flames; even the convent, the
home of helpless nuns, who could not
bear arms, and who devoted them?
selves to the training of the female
mind, even this home of the religious,
j had not been spared; and your
people, who had lived in affluenoe,
were drawing a scanty subsistence
from the public stores. As I entered
the town and witnessed all this, my
heart sunk within me, and I have nc
words to express my sense of the de?
solation which surrounded me. The
predominant idea in my mind was,
can this be war? Can it be that, ir
the nineteenth century, a Christiar
foe will give to the flames a city, turr
out in the cold its inhabitants of ole
men, women and children, burr
their homesteads and leave them tc
starve, when not a gun was fired tc
prevent their ci trance? Truth is
sometimes stranger than fiction, anc
Columbia is a melancholy instance
It is not for me, but for the historian
j to chronicle the events of that sor
! rowful day and night. Truthful his
tory will record the particulars of th?
surrender, and the very words of thi
conversation which were used be
tween the mayor and the commard
ing officer to whom the city
But I do not refer to this thing i.
the spirit of complaint or unman!
despondency; we staked all upon th
issue, we lost all; let us manful!;
accept the condition, and bravely an<
truthfully work out our deliverance
Let us endure witji dignity; we hav
yet left our manhood and our honoi
this is enough to stimulate any people
and with this we can retrieve our foi
tunes, if we are let alone. If we ar
allowed to manage our own affairs
with a view to the comfort and har.
piness of ?ur own people, white an
black, there is prosperity yet in stor
for us, there is recuperation froi
this wide-spread calamity. I say t
you, as I said to the grand jury i
Charleston, rebuild your city, and, i
so doing, have an eye to beauty
taste, comfort, health, and all th
appliances of the most advance
civilization. If you cannot rebuil
on correct principles, wait; or if yo
must have a place in which to liv
and do business, build the first stor
permanently, with a view to futur
improvement as your fortunes ma
advance, and if your hopes be nc
realized, the value of your propert
will be enhanced. Let Columbi
arise from its ashes more beautifi
and inviting than it was before ii
You have the element of gre?
wealth and prosperity here ; a wate
power that can work up all thecottc
that may be grown in the State,
genial and healthful climate, wit
fertile lands surrounding. I trn
some man or men of large views, ar
of large sympathy, will devote the
capital, their talents, and their ei
terprise to this great purpose,
hope, when uext it is my tm
to hold your court, to inhale tl
smoke of the factory chimney; 1
hear the busy whirl of machiner
to see the cheerful and the healthf
laborer; to walk along the row of tl
neat and tasteful cottages of the wor!
ing men; to rejoice in the men
laugh of childhood, and to believ
and feel, aud kuow, that Columbia
redeemed. I know that this can 1
clone-I feel assured that it will 1
done. I know one man of large vie-*
and of earnest purpose, who has tl
will, the energy, the capital and tl
intelligence to largely contribute
the accomplishment of this thin
In the very sight of his ruined fact
ry, he will rear up and run a machin
ry that will soon retrieve his Josse
give employment to hundreds, bril
comfortable support and educatic
within their reach, and build up tl
population and the prosperity of tl
city. It will come. Your city w:
rise ngain; your elegant mansioi
will be rebuilt; your gardens w
flourish in all their ancient beaut
your fountains will play as bright
as in days of yore; your schools ai
seminaries will be re-opened; ai
your University will turn out mon
character, learning, ability and virtu
to guide the State in its new care
of prosperity and power. Tho san
blood that produced Rutledge, ar
Laurens, and Lowndes, and Cheves,
and Hayne, and McDuffic, and Cal?
houn, is yet warm in the veins of
their descendants, and they will again
make themselves heard in the coun?
cils of the nation, and their grand ex?
ample will stimulate others, and make
your dear old State honored, ad?
mired and respected as in the olden
time. Let us be true to ourselves,
let us endure with that "chivalry" (I
use the word advisedly) which has
been illustrated on so many battle
fields, that it will never again be cast
up against us in reproach, and the
ancient fame and character of our be?
loved South Carolina will be as bril?
liant in the future as it has been
bright in the past. Let outsiders
sneer at your "chivalry," but do you
remember that you have au honored
ancestry, and teach your children to
remember that they have aa inheri?
tance of honor and character to pre?
serve. And so we will live, and so
we will gvow, and so we -will come"
again to maintain the high and dig?
nified position which we have always
held in the American Union. We
are entering a new career. We
thought that State sovereignty and
State right* were facts in politics.
We were mistaken. God in his Pro?
vidence has permitted this question
to be decided against ii?, and like
wise men and true men, we must ac?
cept the results of the war, accommo?
date ourselves to the condition of
things, and work out our future with
that faith and confidence which be
I longs to a true and earnest people.
Slavery is gone. The problem how
j to work the freedmen and to culti?
vate our staples to tho best advan
j tage, is the one which demands our
most serious and earnest attention.
So elastic is the human mind, that
many of our Southern planters, not?
withstanding the great loss of capital
occasioned by the sudden emancipa?
tion of the slaves, which deprived us
of just so much property, think that
we are in a better condition now than
we were before the act of emancipa?
tion. The caring for the old and the
infirm, the nnrsing and medical at?
tendance of the sick, the rearing of
the young, the support, clothing and
taxes of all, are put in opposition to
the capital invested and lost. I do
I not believe in the correctness of this
calculation, because the old and in?
firm have still to be cared for, the
sick have still to be attended to and
nursed, the young have still to be
reared, and all have still to be sup?
ported and clothed. It is true this
will not now, as heretofore, be a par?
ticular charge upon the individua!
owners, but it will be a general charge
upon the whole tax-paying comma
nity, and thus abstract so much fron
the general wealth. It seems to b<
forgotten, too, that while the plantel
has been deprived of this much pro
perty, his debts still remain, with nc
other security for the payment there
of but his lands. In the past, the ne
gro has worked because we could con
trol his labor, and with the produc
of that labor debts were paid, aud 01
the faith of that labor debts were in
curred; but the slave is gone, and tin
negro and the debts remain. This i
our serious difficulty ; it presses homi
upon every mind. In the future, w<
have to solve the problem, if this la
bor of the negro, no longer a slave
can be controlled without coercion
I do not think it can be. The expe
rienee of the world is against us. Th
example of Jamaica is very disc our
aging. There, emancipation was ei
fected under very favorable circum
stances; it was preceded by a perioi
of preparation, it was effected with
out a desolating, dev?- tating and es
hausting war, the owners of the slave
received a compensaci?n, which en.i
bled them to have in hand a eapiti
for the payment of debts aud wages
and yet, what is the result ? In 180?
the island exported over ?3,000,00
sterling; in 1854, it exported less tha
?1,000,000. Man and Governnier.
cannot work against nature. The nc
gro is an inferior type of humanity
not capable, in general, of high eu
tivation-without ambition, and sin
ply satisfied to live. I am free to ac
mit that, among the negroes, as arnon
the Indians, here and there isolate
cases of intellectual power and cultui
may be found, but these are individui
cases, and cannot be taken as a proc
of the capability of the whole raci
As I have said, however, they ai
among us, and we have the problei
to deal with. They are a tractah
people, and much may be done wit
them by kindness and humanity. Th
is my counsel. Thus to treat them
our pleasure, our policy and our duty
In most cases, they were our hereel
tary possession, they have grown wit
us and our children, they cling to i
and we cling to them, and no peop'
have sc great a sympathy and so kine
ly a feeling for them, as we who ha>
inherited them from our fathers; n
people can or will care for them as v
have done in the past, and as we wi
do in the future. I will venture i
say that, now, poor as we are, there
scarcely the head of a family in Soul
Carolina, who owned slaves, who hi
not some black pensioners on h
lands, too old to work, and too fait]
ful to be turned adrift. But the pra
ti cal question constantly recurs, ho
are we and they to live ? How a:
we to pay our debts that were coi
tracted on the faith of this propert;
and retain all that is left to us, ot
land ? I believe our only resource i
to fill up the country with indnstrioi
and intelligent white labor, to ho
out inducements for that kind of 1
bor to come to us, and, by their pr
sence and their numbers, control th
mass of muscle to the high duties i
christian civilization. The competi?
tion thus created -will prove to the
negro that he must work to Uve; this
competition will take the place of
that coercion which compelled the la?
bor in every well-regulated plantation
in the South, which compels the child
to obedience in the family, which
compels the boy to study at school,
and which compels the soldier and the
sailor to obey the regulations and the
discipline of the army and the navy.
TheD will our thousands of acres of
uncultivated swamp lands be drained
and brought into successful cultiva?
tion, miasma dispelled, rivers and
streams confined to their banks, and
the water thus controlled made to run
machinery, and factories of every de?
scription rise up all over the State.
Our swamp timber, too, so much of
which is so valuable and beautiful,
will be worked up into furniture and
other useful and ornamental articles.
All this can and will be accom?
plished, but I verily believe it will
be at the expense of the poor negro.
He will go down before the white
man in the South, as he has gone
down before the white man in the
North. Let it be our privilege and
your high duty to contribute all in
our power to his comfort and advance?
ment. I do not pretend to the gift of
prophecy, but'I feel certain that, in
less than twenty years, the only
friends which the negro will have in
this country will be his former ma .ters
and their children. They alone us a
class will feel for and sympathize with
him; but they will be too few to help
him. We will have to get rid of a
great many old notions-we must
learn to be industrious and economi?
cal, encourage the mechanic arts
and stimulate our young men of
family and culture to make labor dig?
nified and honorable. We must ex?
hibit that heroic endurance, constancy
and courage which overcomes diffi?
culties and conquers misfortune. So
you see there is no reason to despair;
tue increase of population il ad?
vance the value of our lands, ind, if
time be allowed us, this advance in
value will enable us to manage our
Your public buildings have been
destroyed, and with themy our public
records. The former can be restored
-the loss of the latter is irreparable.
I trust the Legislature will frame such
laws as will in some measure repair
the loss and cure the inconvenience.
In rebuilding your public edifices, I
hope your Commissioners of Public
Buildings will regard the ornamental
as well as the useful. It improves the
taste and elevates the sentiments and
feelings of a people to see that theil
public buildings are specimens ol
architectural taste, as well as substan?
tial and enduring. All the modert
improvements for comfort, conve?
nience, ventilation, heating and light
ing the buildings should be intro
duced. The offices should be commo
dious and comfortable, well carpeted
with substantial and ornamental case!
and furniture. The officers spend th*
greater part of the day in these rooms
they have to receive the citizens o
the whole District, ladies and gentle
men, and their comfort and conve
nience should be consulted. Busines
is more promptly done and mucl
better done, when the officer is mad*
comfortable and has all the appliance
necessary; and the people feel mor
respect for their officer and for them
selves, when they come into a well
furnished room and are received a:
persons of consideration. So shouh
it be with the court room. The hal
of justice is a sacred place, and m
amount of care and attention to it
appointments is ill applied. I ~kno\
that this will take money, but it wil
be economy in the end; for when
room or a house is handsomely fur
nished, it is generally better carei
for and not so apt to be abused-th
most rude man will feel restrainer
from soiling or abusing that whicl
gratifies his senses; and even if i
should cost more, these are the pee
pies' houses, and no money can b
better expended than that which i
laid out for tho elevation of thei
feelings and the cultivation of thei
tastes. The Commissioners of Publi
Buildings have the power to tax th
District for these improvements. I
your present depressed condition,
would not advise a heavy tax; but
do suggest and submit to your care
ful consideration, if it will not b
proper for that board to begin at one
to accumulate a fund for the purpos
of restoring your public buildings, b
levying from year to year a mod?r?t
tax, which can be judiciously in veste
until they have raised a sufficiei:
amount to commence and carry on th
work to its completion.
There is not the slightest excus
for your public roads being in ba
condition. The Commissioners <
the Roads can command the labe
and money of the people until ever
avenue leading to the capital is i
perfect order; and if they be negl
gent in this matter, it is not onl
your duty but your interest to pr<
sent them, and to see that they ai
prosecuted and punished for th
neglect. The loss of time and tb
wear and tear to vehicles and anima
from bad roads will more than con
pensate for all the labor and mone
expended in keeping the highways i
good condition. Since the State hf
been traversed by railroads, it :
shameful to see how the public roat
have been neglected; all this com?
from the practice of presentmer
which has heretofore obtained,
grund jury will present a road, tl
presiding judge orders a rule to issr
against the commissioner; the ne:
court the commissioner returns thi
the road has been put in order, aud
so ends the case. Now, in order to
remedy this, each successive grand
jury should call for the presentments
of the preceding grand jury, and
where a board has been presented for
neglect at the previous term of the
court, and is still in default, it should
be brought to the notice of tho pre?
siding judge. There is a necessity
.for this, because the same jud^e does
not bold the court consecutively, and
the judge who will follow me does
not and cannot know what order? I
have made. But if the grand jury
will bring the matter to his attentiou,
and show that the commissioners
have been in default at the previous
term, I am quite sure that all such
neglect of duty will be quickly reme?
The Commissioners of the Poor
have also the taxing power. This
board is likewise under your supervi?
sion, and should receive your careful
attention. My experience is that the
public charity is too frequently dis?
pensed carelessly and to impropei
recipients. Pauperism is not to be
encouraged, and it is only the virtu?
ous poor that the State proposes tc
relieve. The common practice oi
having pensioners on the public
bounty scattered all over the Districi
is not a good one. There may be
occasional exceptions, but, as a gene?
ral rule, it ought not to be permitted.
Under such an arrangement, it is im?
possible for the commissioners tc
know if the poor tax is properly ex
pended. There should be a pooj
house to each District;-not little
shanties, but a good commodious edi
fice, well arranged into wards anc
apartments for male and female, witt
sufficient ground around it, where
the paupers should be kept, and those
able to work regularly employed foj
the support of the institution. If ?
man is so unfortunate as to be a pan
per, his place is the poor house, anc
he should not be permitted to strol
about the country, eating the breac
of idleuess and setting a bad example
to others. No pauper should be al
lowed to leave the grounds, except bj
the permission of the keepers of th(
poor house, and these permission:
should be granted with judgment. I
this rule was rigidly enforced, the lis
of paupers would greatly decrease
Some people think that the anioun
of money expeuded is the test anc
the proof of charity. This is no
true; it is the amount of good effect
ed. Pauperism is a great evil to i
State, and in a country like this
where land is cheap and labor in de
mand, only the diseased and thi
maimed and infirm should be paupers
The Commissioners of Free School
receive their money from the Stat
Treasury, and make their returns t<
the Legislature; but this will not pre
vent you from examining into thei
actings and doings, and suggesting
such improvements as yon may thin'
proper, and correcting such irregulai
ities as may come under your obsei
vation, or be brought to your notice
The number of ignorant people wh
undertake the honorable and usefr
occupation of teaching is very re
markable. I am not prepared to sa
that they do not effect good, for if
child is taught to read and write, it i
a great thing to him; but I have a.'.
ways been of the opinion that moue
which the State has been in the hab:
of spending for the support of he
free schools, could, under a prope
system, be made to do a vast de;
All these boards will be made ?
work well, if the best men in th
community are appointed on then
and will faithfully undertake the worl
but heretofore it has been too mae
the habit for such men to decline tl;
performance of that duty, because i
interferes with their.convenience c
their business. It is the duty of a
the good citizens to remedy this thin)
the country is poor aud in distres
and it becomes every man to do h
duty cheerfully and faithfully in tin
station in which it shall please tl
public authorities to place him. Li
all of your District offices, from tl
constable up to the high sheriff, I
filled by good and true men-men <
education, of property, of family an
of standing; this will make the place
honorable, and will insure a faithfi
discharge of all the public dutie
The State is prostrate, she needs a
the holp of all her children, and r
one should stand back now.
It is your duty to examine the ai
counts and transactions of all the:
boards. aiake your time, and, if n
cessary, send for the members, tl
books and the papers, and make sue
presentments as will best advance tl
public good. Remember that th
grand inquest is one of the highe
powers in the land; it is a body t
great dignity, trust and confidene
Call to mind that solemn and compr
hensive oath which has just been a?
ministered to you, "you shall dil
gently inquire and true presentmei
make of all such matt ?rs and thin)
as shall be given you in charge; tl
State's counsel, your fellows', ar
your own, you shall well and tru
keep secret. You shall present i
one for envy, hatred or malice ; ni
shall you leave any one unprestute
for fear, favor, affection, reward <
hope of reward, but you shall pr
sent all things truly as they come
your knowledge, according to the be
of vour understanding." Keep th
oath, and your District will be ben
fitted. You have, also, thesupervisic
of the District offices and officers, ar
any irregularities that you may o
serve, or neglect of duty that ye
may discover, or oppression in oifi
that you may learn, upon beii
I brought to the uitice of the Court,
; will receive its prompt attention.
I Gentlemen, I had intended to bring
j to your notice a conflict of authority
between the State and the United
j States military authorities, in regard
: to some sentences lately passed by me
in Charleston, but. as ?have reported
the matter to his Excellency the Go?
vernor, who is now in correspondence
on the subject with the Major-Gene?
ral commanding the Department, I
will withold any remarks I may have
intended to make, and suspend my
judgement as to the course proper for
me to pursue as a Judge, whose sen?
tences have been prevented, until the
Governor has received official infor?
mation on the subject.
Mr. Solicitor, have you anything
for the Grand Jury ?
CASH.-Our terms for subscription, ad?
vertising and job work are cash. We hope
all parties will bear this in mind.
THE BURNING or COLUMBIA.-An inter?
esting account ot the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," ha?
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Fhonix steam power press. Orders
can be fdled to any extent.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER.-Tho regular
publication of this paper will be postponed
& fow weeks. Priions desirous of sub?
scribing, will please forward the money at
once. Terms t? a year.
"Energy" and "Faith" are tho watch?
words of Messrs. Fisher & Heinitsh, of the
old established drug house, on Main street.
By reference to our advertising column?,
it wili be seen that they arc illustrating
their motto, and are disposed to furnish
our citizens with fresh articles in their
line. That they may continue in their
prosperous career, we believe is the sin?
cere wish of one and all.
The Chicago liepublican has a telegram
from Cincinnati, stating that a private de?
spatch, which is entirely reliable, from
Washington, had been received there,
stating that Mr. Stanton would soon
resign. Gen. Steadman had accepted the
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
J. Bahlmann tc Co.-Lager Beer.
Board and Lodging for Gentlemen.
P. Lyons tc Co.-Chango Bills.
J. W. Smith-Cooking Stoves.
The Weekly Newberry Herald.
Apply at this Office-Change of Business.
J. H. Jennings-Farm for Sale.
Fisher tc Heinitsh-Drug Bulletin.
Richard Caldwell-Strips, Preserves.
E. & G. D. Hope-Died Fruit. &c.
A Reminiscence of the Keanagc and
A writer in the Cornhill Magazine,
?who has had opportunities of conver?
sation with some of Semines' old
crew, gives the following interesting
reminiscence of the fight between the
Alabama and the Kearsage:
"I thqught you had been in the
Confederate navy?" "I was," said
Aleck; "I was with Semmes every?
where he went. I was in the naval
brigade and the blockade running,
and on the Alabama all the while he
commanded her." "But not when
she sank, I suppose?" I rejoined.
"Well, I was, and was picked up with
him by the Deerhound." "It was a
pretty sharp fight, wasn't it?" I sug
gestingly asked. "It was that," re?
plied Aleck; but he didn't care about
enlarging. "I suppose it was the
eleven-inch shells that did her busi?
ness?" "Oh, no," saki lie, coming
to a kind of confessional, "we never
had any chance; we had no gunners
to compare with the Kearsage's. Our
gunners fired by routine, and when
they had the gun loaded, fired it off
blind. Tliey never changed the ele?
vation of their guns all the fight, and
the Kearsage was working up to us
all the while, taking advantage of
every I i aie she was hid by smoke to
work .. little nearer, and then her
gunner took aim for every shot."
"Then it isn't true that the Alabama
tried to board the Kearsrge?" "No,
sir; she did her best to get away from
her from the time the fight com?
menced. We knew well that if we
got in range of her Dahlgren howit?
zers, she would sink us in ten mi?
"But," I asked, "don't you believe
that Semmes supposed he would whip
the Kearsage when he went fco fight
her?" "No; he was bullied into it,
and took good care to leave all his
valuables on shore, and had a life
! preserver on through the fight. I
; saw him put it on, and I thought if
j it was wise in him, it wouldn't be
j foolish in me, and I put one on, too.
; When Semmes sar that the ship was
! going down, he told us all to swim
who could, and was one of the first to
jump into the water, and we all made
for the Deerhound. I was a loDg way
ahead of Semmes, and when I came
up to the Deerhound's boat, they
asked me if I was Semmes before
they would take mo in. I said I
wasn't, and then they asked me what
j I was on the Alabama. Said I, "No
i matter what ; was on the Alabama, I
j shall be a dead man soon if you don't
take me in." They asked me again
if I was an officer or a seaman, and
wouldn't take me in until I told them
I was an officer." "But," said I.
I "did they actually refuse to pick up
i common seamen, 'and leave them to
! drown?" "They did that," replied
! he wrathfully, and probably not very
i correctly; "and as soon as they had
Semmes on board, they made tracks
as fast as they knew how, and left
everybody else to drown or be picked
up by the Kearsage."