Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, March 15, 2866.
Toe Test Outfit Again.
This serious obstacle to the com?
pletion of the restoration policy of
the-President is still elong to by the
radicals with their accustomed tena?
city and bitterness of purpose against
the President and the desire of the
Southern people. The New York
News justly remarks that the Execu?
tive is perfectly aware that the test
oath is opposed to the Constitution,
both ia leitet and spirit. He has de?
clared openly that he is in favor of its
repeal. How, indeed, could he have
done otherwise, seeing that the prin?
ciple of the oath strikte at the very
foundation of. his policy of recon?
struction? If. the faot of -having
borne arms at the bidding of over?
whelming power against the United
States be recognized as a political
disability, tho recognition sets aside,
at once, the efficacy of the proclama?
tion of amnesty. The exclusion of
nien from seats in Congress because
they have held office under the de
facto Government of the Confederate
States, is an emphatic condemnation
of the suffrage, which has been made
by the President the basis of his poli?
cy of restoration. Mr. Johnson could
not, in fact, do otherwise than set his
face resolutely, as he has done, against
the test oath, without stultifying
himself. The removal of the oath is,
in truth, an essential part of the
policy of restoration.
The people of the South cannot
afford to yield to any dictation out?
side the terms on which they have
been invited to accept their place in
the Union. The proclamation of
restoration binds the Executive Go?
vernment of the United States to them
in a solemn contract. As lie cannot
afford, without personal and official
dishonor, to abrogate the conditions
of that stipulation, so surely are they
bound, in justice to themselves, to
stand resolutely on even the least of
its obligations. If they were to con?
sent to a violation of even the small?
est of" its provisions, they would
\ thereby throw open the door for its
The test oath underlies, as we have
said, the whole superstructure of re?
storation. It goes behind not only
the Presidential amnesty, but behind
even the oaths of the Southern peo?
ple. The loyalty of the men of the
South who have taken the oath of
allegiance to the United States, is
distinctly questioned by the institu?
tion of the test oath. If the men
who have sworn allegiance to the
Federal Government have been ho?
nest in that solemn obligation, then
are they undoubtedly loyal. The test
oath is, however, ordered as a test of
loyalty, and consequently cannot be
dmitted by any honest man who
does not hold that the Southern peo?
ple, in pledging their faith to the
United States, have been foresworn.
We agree with the News, and be?
lieve that acquiescence in the factious
formulary required by the radicals on
this point is not only forbidden by
sonnd policy, but so far as our own
people, who have taken the oath of
allegiance prescribed by the Presi?
dent, are concerned, is forbidden by
their self-respect. The test oath, as
its very title implies, was only neces?
sary during hostilities against thc
United State--, as a sort of safe-guard
or passport to office; yet, when an
amnesty oath was prescribed after the
cessation of hostilities, its continued
existence was only evidence of the
unquenched spirit of bitterness and
discord indulged in by the radicals in
Congress. This entering wedge of
innovation involves the abandonment
of the underlying principle of the
restoration; is protested against by
the spirit of the Constitution, and
severely remonstrated against by the
good sense and patriotism of the Pre?
sident of the United States.
There ought to be no more humili?
ating terms demanded of, or acqui?
esced in, by the Southern people*
They have honestly and sincerely
accepted the terms offered by the
Chief Magistrate in the exercise of
his legitimate authority; they have,
as a whole people, solemnly renewed,
oder oath, their allegiance to the
nited States Government, and are
s sincere in their loyalty and desire
[become again full citizens of that
ovemmentas a brave and honorable
opie can be; but, thus far, they
ve been thwarted by the machina
ns of a party who, at variance with
the President and his policy, have !
had the power to prevent representa?
tion in Congress of a large portion of
loyal and good citizens of the Union.
We are, nevertheless, hopeful of the
triumph of better principles, and of
thc ultimate success of the wise and
peaceful restoration policy of Presi?
A HORRIBLE SCENE.-F. Wright,
a negro soldier, was hung in New
Orleans, on the 2d instant, for the
killing of Dr. Octavius Trezevant, in
Carrolton, Louisiana, some months
ag?. He addressed the soldiers from
the scaffold, saying that he had not
had a fair trial, that he bore no malice
to any one, and warning them to
profit by his example. The ''True
"As the doomed man concluded
with the injunction to the soldiers, a
white cap was drawn over his face,
and the rope adjusted. He began
shouting, 'farewi?l, friends,' and was
still repeating these words when_the
supporting ropes of the drop were
cut. He fell some six or eight feet;
but the rope not having been pro?
perly greased, the knot failed to slip,
so that when the body rebounded,
the knot twisted around to his fore?
head. Wright thus hung suspended
by the loop passing around his fore?
head and under the very prominent
developments of the head behind the
ears-hung by the head instead of the
neck. A shudder of horror at the un?
fortunate occurrence passed through
the witnesses; but the shock having
been sufficient to render him insen?
sible, Wright did not suffer by the
accident. After hanging a few mi?
nutes, a copious perspiration started
out on his body, and soon his breath?
ing became regular and natural.
Surgeon Avery and Drs. Heber Smith
and Berthelot having examined him
and declared that he could not die
from the effects of this hanging, the
body was lowered, taken from the
rope and carried up a second time to
the drop. The knot was retied nnd
the rope placed about his neck, the
body propped up and the stay ropes
again cut. The noose again lailed to
slip, the rope being new and stiff,
and not soaped, and the kuot came
around to the back of his head. The
rope remained under the chin, how?
ever, immediately strangling the be?
fore unconscious man, and after a
few convulsive throes, the soul of
Fortune Wright had sped to its last
THE "SOUTHERN BAZAAR" FUND
AT LIVERPOOL.-A report has been
published in Liverpool of the dispo?
sition of the funds raised during the
late war by the "Bazaar," held in aid
of Southern prisoners. The Federal
Government refused to allow the
funds to be distributed by the accre?
dited agent; but the managers never?
theless sent the whole sums, and
account for it as follows :
Clothing sent to New York for dis?
tribution, ?3,470 14s. ld.; grants to
field hospitals, ?350; remitted to
ladies visiting prisons, ?1,000; ditto
to New York for distribution, in all,
?1,800; ditto Baltimore, ?500; dittc
Philadelphia, ?500; ditto Bichmond,
?700; ditto New Orleans, ?750; .litte
Charleston, ?600; ditto Columbia,
?200; transferred to local fund, ir
charge of Mr. T. A. Patterson, ?1,
104 4s. 6d. Total, ?17,274 18s. 7d.
A Contradictory Statement.
The Philadelphia Press (Forney's
organ) has the following paragraph:
"President Johnson has assur?e
George T. Downing, Chairman of th*
Colored Delegation in this city, sen
hore by the colored people of th<
Northern and Southern States, tha
no sudden change will take plac<
affecting the occupancy of land:
which Gen. Sherman gave a posses
sory title to. The President suggest
ed that the freedmen continue to eui
tivate said lands. Mr. Downing
received letters from South Carolina
from parties interested, telling hin
of their fears lest they might be sud
! denly removed from the lands the^
! were cultivating-fears which aros?
on the receipt of the news of tb
Executive veto. When these fact
were presented to che President, h<
gave the above assurance. "
The statement we publish else
where, under the caption of "Goo<
Jiews foo in Charleston," is much mor
reliable than that in the above para
graph. We know it to be more so.
FROM NEW ORLEANS.-Despatche
from New Orleans state that the mu
nicipal electior n that city resulte*
in the choice of John T. Munroe a
Mayor, by a majority of 311, and tb
election of almost the entire Nation?
Judge Kellogg, Collector of Cus
toms in that city, has received in
formation that the Government an
thorities at Washington have dis
missed all persons engaged in th?
seizure of property in the Soutl
claimed as belonging to the Confede
rate Government. All cotton now
seized is to be held until a full exa
ruination can be had.
European Prophecies for 1866.
The Paris correspondent of the
London Telegraph, thus prophecies
concerning the events of this year,
his speculations being curious, if not
The year 1866 will, I think, be a
marked year in the history of France,
and, indeed, of Europe. That it will
be a year of profound peace I fully
expect? for who really wants to fight?
There are parties in Italy and Austria,
perhaps, who might like to engage,
but as both the Governments know
better, such warlike aspirations are of
small avail. For the rest, the Em?
peror of the French, who practically
keeps the key of that much quoted
Temple of Janus, has declared for
peace. England would scarcely fight
for herself, much less her friends,
and when those two Powers are
agreed, the rest of Europe has but
little to say. Still two great ques?
tions must, I think, be settled-those
of Rome and Venice. The Emperor,
it would seem, is determined to act
up to the strict letter of the Conven?
tion of the 15th of September, and
so I think it is impossible that the
Pope can remain in Rome, even
though guaranteed from an attack
without by this very Convention. So
poor old Pio Nino will either have to
migrate or to retire to the restricted
dominion of the Vatican, and those
quaint gardens where the "Duke of
Wellington" and other celebrities
are cut out in shrubs-like Mr. Peck?
sniffs dwelling, it will be a "poor
thing, but my own"-aud then Rome
will become Ttalian, and that vexed
question be solved.
Then the Venetian affair arises
before us, and that, too, must be set?
tled. Lookers on might think that
Italy's difficulty might be Austria's
opportunity, and that now that Italy
must, perforce, reduce her army,
Austria might become not only more
obstinate as regards Venetia, but ag?
gressive as regards other territories;
but, then, "lookers-on" would forget
that such a step, on the part of the
Government of Vienna, would force
the Emperor Napoleon to quit those
pleasant paths of peace into which
he is leading France ; but it is useless
to discuss such a chance in the face,
not only of Austria's impecuniosity,
but of her Emperor's "other views."
It will come to a bargain, you will
see, and Austria will swallow her
Hapsburg pride, and exchange what
is really a barren honor for a large
sum of Italian money, which the con?
cession of Venetia-invaluable to
Italy, but utterly worthless, nay,
very expensive to Austria-will per?
mit the Government of Florence to
pay. These are the two great ques?
tions which now alone threaten the
peace of Europe; and, as the Em?
peror Napoleon is more than likely
to be already the accepted umpire in
both affairs, it is not wonderful that
his speech at th^ opening of the
coming session of Parliament should
be looked for with interest ?and
anxiety. As I have before said, I
look upon the present as the most
peaceful period that has dawned on
us since the day, in 1863, when the
Imperial orders sent the French fleet
to the bay of Salamis, and practically
kindled the Crimean war; and I also
c onsider that the great International
Exhibition of 1867, is a "material
guarantee" of that peace given not
only by Fiance, but by the European
Powers who have sent in their adhe?
rence to this great scheme of univer?
THE CHILI) OF STONEWALL JACKSON.
-A fair correspondent sends the
Richmond (Va. ) Examiner the follow?
ing delicate pen and ink portrait of
the only living scion of the late Gen.
T. J. Jackson. She is evidently in
love with her subject:
11 'I had recently the pleasure of see?
ing the child of Stonewall Jackson.
She is a bright little cherub, about
three years old, with fair hair, blue
eyes, and a complexion of mingled
lilies and roses-the lilies, however,
greatly predominating, although,
perhaps, she does not look very
robust. For the benefit of curious
mothers I will describe her dress:
She wore a Marie Louise blue merino,
trimmed now with black velvet rib?
bon, edged with white. Her little
clotb cloak was of a light drab color,
ornamented with bands of silk and
fancy buttons. Her hat was of Eng?
lish straw, trimmed with blue velvet
and white feathers. A tippet, and
muff of ermine, completed the costume
of the little fairy, and she looked as
any mother's darling need look. She
was borne in the arms of a colored
nurse, of whom she seemed very
fond, and to whom she was prattling
with exuberant gaiety. The dark
eyed, sad-looking lady who followed
her, in widow's cap, and garb of
deepest mourning, completed the
picture of sunshine and shadow."
The daughter of Stonewall Jack?
son, adds the Examiner, may she live
to perpetuate to future generations
the lineal blood of her immortal
Fears are expressed that Chinese
labor will run out the white laborers
in California. Several railroad com?
panies have discharged their white
laborers and are employing these
people, who work very*cheap. There
are now 60,000, and tney are pouring
into the country in great numbers. .
Boston was once the home of tea
importers, but New York now mono?
polizes the entire trade. 30,000,000
pounds, about a pound to each per?
son, are annually imported into this
TH? I^pvenme-Discovery o? Great
The operations of the Revenue
Agency of the Internal Revenue De?
partment in New York have greatly
contributed to swell the current of
finance. The New York Times says
it is shown by experience that in
every branch of business, and every
interest liable to taxation under the
laws of the United States, enormous
frauds have been continually perpe?
trated to such an extent that up to
the period when the Revenue Agency
was established in October, 1864, not
one-third of the revenue due the
Government had been either assessed
or collected. In the cities of New
York and Brooklyn, the returns for
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1864,
were 013,784,203.48; for the year
ending June 30, 1865, $31,309,593.71
-a difference of $17,525,390.23;
which enormous increase is attributed
to the energy of the inspectors in
tracing and convicting those who
were withholding money due the
Government, informing tax-payers of
their duties under the law, and urging
strict compliance therewith. The
frauds which have produced the
amazing disproportions in the re?
turns of the two years are of a start?
ling character. The Times says that
from the wealthy merchant to the
meanest shop-keeper, from the bro?
kers of millions to the dealers in o Mal,
aud from all sorts and conditions of
men, the Government receives fraud
ident tenders, and finds itself cheated
by the men who made the loudest
pretensions to loyalty and devotion,
as well as by those whose antedecen ts
warrant suspicion. Brokers, manu?
facturers of every name, and income
payers, are among the most promi?
nent of the classes who are placed in
a most disagreeable position by the
official revelations. The results of an
investigation into the monthly re?
turns of a single large house engaged
in the stock and gold brokerage busi?
ness, for the last three months of
1864, and the first three of 1865,
show a deficiency between the actual
sales and the amount returned of
over $44,000,000. This is only one
instance among hundreds of smaller
and similar ones. Combinations are
frequently found in certain classes of
manufacturers by which they make
fraudulent returns in unison, and
when brought before the courts, are
prepared, by counsel, to stave off aud
delay proceedings, with the sole in?
tent of embarrassing the Govern?
ment. Some great corporations have
never yet paid a dollar of their taxes,
sometimes refusing to produce their
books, on the ground that they are
not obliged to testify against and
criminate themselves by the evidence
of their own books. One reason as?
signed for much of the fraud is the
fact that a large number of the offi?
cials have other business, including
I politics, to distract their attention.
I Under the present thorough system
of inspection by the Revenue Agency,
it is believed that for the year ending
June 30, 1866, New York and Brook?
lyn will produce at least $50,000,000,
or one-eighth of the entire estimated
A case is now before the Supreme
Bench, whose decision is looked for
with great interest. The revenue
agents claim that a sale is a sale, for
whose benefit it is the business alone
of those interested, v nile the Govern
! ment tax should be laid on the traus
! action independent of the individual,
i The brokers see the matter in a dif
I ferent light, claiming that the tax can
be imposed only on such sales as are
made for a commission. If the Su?
preme Court decides in favor of the
Government, there will be a terrible
scattering among some of the large
dealers of New York.
It is the interest of the great bulk
of the tax-payers that the enormous
frauds practiced upon the Govern?
ment should be effectually stopped,
and the dishonest perpetrators of
them be made to sustain their just
share of the public burden.
GOOD NEWS FROM CHARLESTON.
The solicitude of those who are in?
terested in the old city by the sea,
have been awakened by despondent
mercantile circulars. We have had
the pleasure of hearing a different
story from one of the most sagacious
and reliable gentlemen of that city,
one whose interests are identified
with it, and whose name and high
official position gives weight to his
judgments wherever they arc known.
Our correspondent states that there
is, indeed, but little money in the
city; but adds: "Everything here is
becoming more hopeful every day.
The planters are getting money to
plant with by giving the capitalists
a share of the crop. The laborers
are coming to their senses; and even
on the sea islands, where they would
not allow a white man to land a month
ago, they now send for their former
owners, and are entering into con?
tracts. The President's veto hao
opened their eyes, and has done much
good to both races. "
We are especially pleased to give
this eminently trustworthy testimony,
as it furnishes an answer to the ra?
dical productions of the disastrous
effects that would ensue from the
Presidential action, Mr, Johnson
knows what he is about; he acts in I
behalf of interests with which he is
acquainted, and if his action is un?
hindered; it will be a blessing to the 1
Southern States, and a blessing to !
the whole country. The policy of
Senator Trumbull and General How- :
ard would seriously injure both.
Private letters from citizens of
Southern States have been received
here and brought to the President's
notice, exhibiting a very different
state of things, in the cotton States !
particularly, from that which has
been assumed to exist by the Com?
mittee on Reconstruction. Accord?
ing to these statements-evidence of
which is offered-respectable citizens
in the South are subjected by the
Federal authorities to the most cru'd
and unjust treatment. Such state?
ments will, of course, seldom reach
the committee, an d thc counter state?
ments come from those whose con?
duct is complained of.
Little evidence appears, as yet, to
sustain the allegation that the South?
ern representation, if admitted, would
come pledged to the repudiation of
thc public debt; besides, it is de?
cidedly contradicted by the well
informed Senators elect, now here.
That the Nc th-western States may,
whether radical or Democratic, make
! that issue, in some future Congress,
is not impossible.
There is just now a lull in the po?
litical conflict here. Politicians are
watching the movements of the Pre?
sident with interest. Nothing since
the demonstration of the 22d ultimo
has come from that quarter which
indicates an early resumption or pro?
secution of hostilities.
The President, it is said and be?
lieved, is waiting for the close of thc
present session before he will make a
change of his Cabinet. Removals
and appointments will both be resist
ed by the Senate. Then, again, will
the Senate persist in their present
purpose, as now declared, of remain?
ing in scssiou tintil March, 1867, in
order to defeat nominations. It is
very clear that the President can
make no important changes, except
during the recess of the Senate.
The constitutional amendment fix?
ing the basis of representation is de?
feated in the Senate. The discussion
up to the hour fixed for taking the
question was chiefly between Mr.
Fessenden and Mr. Sumner-the
latter re-advocating his impracticable
It is time for the House to face the
gigantic financial problems of a state
of peace. But there are indications
that Congress cannot deal with the
subject, except with reference to pre?
sent and prospective political compli?
cations, if they are to fight John?
son's administration, they will not
support its financial measures.
At the iustance of the Chief ?f the
Bureau of Immigration, the draft of
a bill has been submitted to Congress
in order to correct abuses and prevent
immigrants from being the victims of
sharpers, and who, iu addition to
being ensnared, are, ou their arrival
in this country, intimidated into
The total number of foreign pas?
sengers who arrived in the United
States during the year ending with
December. 1865, amounted to 287,397,
of whom 225,932 landed at New York,
and 3,330 in California. All countries
are represented-112,000 were from
Great Britain, and nearly 84,000 were
The Commissioner of Internal
Revenue has issued a circular con
I cerning the assessment of tax on
legacies, distributive shares and suc?
cessions. Were the whole amount of
the personal property of an estate
payable to legatees or distributed
exc?eds the sum of Si,000 in actual
value, the same is subject to duty or
tax, without regard to the amount or
value of each legacy or share; but
when the whole amount does not ex?
ceed ?1,000, no tax is chargeable.
The vote, on the 9th, in the Senate,
on the constitutional amendment,
shows the disposition of many Repub?
licans to cast off the Stevens tyranny.
So it is regarded in high quarters.
It is not understood, among friends
of the President, thot the letter of
Postmaster-General Dennison sug?
gests the support of persons calling
themselves Unionists, who are op?
posed to the Executive and his great
policy. The President has decidedly
condemned the practice of assessing
office-holders for election purposes,
and their absenting themselves from
duty to interfere in elections.
j CLAIMS FOR PROPERTY DESTROYED
BY THE FEDERAL ARMY.-It will be
recollected that several weeks since
the House of Representatives passed
a resolution declaring it inexpedient
at this time to legislate for the pay?
ment of claims growing out of pro?
perty appropriated or destroyed by
? the Federal armies in putting down
the rebellion. Practical effect was
given to this resolution recently,
when the Committee of Claims was
discharged from the further conside?
ration of the resolutions of the Le?
gislature of West Virginia, asking aid
from Congress to repair bridges, &c.,
j destroyed by Federal troops as a
I means of safety. The committee
I also reported adversely on the bill for
i ascertaining and adjusting claims
i against the Government for injury or
! destruction of property by the armies
I of the United States, or by the mili
' tary authorities during the rebellion,
j and the bill was laid on the table.
There, arc agents now in Washing
I ton who have in their possession,
claims of persons residing in the
Southern States, for indemnity,
amounting to millions of dollars; but
the prospect of legislative action is
certainly far remote.
[ A7? /.*?// r ille 7 V m es.
S4,0()0 in gold is the salary of the
North Carolina Governor.
CASH. -Oar terran for subscription, ad?
vertising and job work arc cash. We hope
all parties will bear this in mind.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER.-The regular
publication of this paper will be postponed
a few weeks. Persons desirous of sub?
scribing, will please forward the money at
once. Terms S4 a year.
THE BURNING OF COLUXBIA.-An inter?
esting account ol the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia. S. C.," ha*
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
tho Phrenix steam power pren*. Orders
can bc tilled to any extent.
THE OLD STASD.--U might have been
supposed, from the large and attractive
stock of groceries, liquors, wines and family
supplies opened by Messrs Calnan & Kreu
der, at their large new store, on Main
Street, that they had completely abandoned
their old stand, on Gervais Street. This is,
however, not the case ; tho latter is still in
full and successful operation, with a com?
plete stock of supplies of every descrip?
tion. The Gervais Street store is under
tho immediate supervision of Mr. J. D.
Gilman, who is well known as a merchant,
and who will be pleased to see his old
friends and customers in ins new position.
Mr. Gilman is assisted by competent sales?
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
H. W. Kinsman-Phosphate of Lime.
H. H. Williams & Co.-Hats, Caps, Ac.
Jas. Mahoney A Co.-Cream AJe.
E. B. Heyward-Teacher Wanted.
Levin A Peixotto- -Variety Sale.
Mrs. D. E. Gee-Horse Stolen.
Nomination for Mayor and Aldermen.
Columbia and Charleston Steamboat?.
D. E. M.-Teacher Wanted.
J. Burnside-Cottage to Bent.
C. H. Baldwin-Fresh Goods.
A. B. Phillips-Estate Sale.
F. M. Pooser-Horse Stolen.
Proceedings of Council.
COLUMBIA, March 13, 1866.
Present-His Honor thc Mayor ; Alder?
men Bates, Campbell, Fisher, Glaze, Har?
ris, Hope, Stork, Waring and Wells.
The minutes of the last meeting were
read and confirmed.
Petiticn of Mary Allen, praying acknow?
ledgment of taxes (1865) paid. Laid ou
Petition of F. W. Green received.
The petition of lt. M. Stokes waa referred
to Clerk of Market.
The petition of George Synuners, praying
change in location of retail license was
The account of Mrs. M. A. McAllister
waa received, and the Chairman of tho
Committee on Streets waa instructed to
pay so much of it aa the city ordered,
amounting to $16.2?.
The City Clerk presented reports for the
months of January and February, 1866.
Referred to the Committee of Ways and
The Committee of Waya and Means pre?
sented the following report :
The Committee of Ways and Means, to
whom was referred the accounts of the
City Clerk, beg leave to report : That they
have examined the same for the months of
September, October. Novembar and Decem?
ber, and find the same correct.
The Committee, to whom was referred
the taking charge of coupons and dilapi?
dated b?ls, beg leave to report: That they
have received irom the Clerk as follows :
For coupons. $5,003 75
City bills, denomination $3-21_S63 00
" " " 2-21.. .. 42 00
" " 1-28.... 28 00
" " " 50c-251.. 125 50
Total city billa. $258 50
The coupons have been cancelled, and
th? bills destroyed. All of which is re?
Signed, EDWARD HOPE,
On motion, the report was received and
filed as information.
The following resolutions were offered
and adopted :
Resolved, That the Mayor be authorized,
in conjunction with the City Attorney, to
arrange with F. W. Green for the city stock
held by said F. W. Grsen.
Resolved, That the Chairman of the
Committee on Streets ba authorized to
have $16.25 paid to Mrs. McAllister, for bili
against the city for that amount.
Resolved, That the Chief of Pohce be re?
quired to notify all persons having put np
signa across tue side walks, on Richardson
Street, in violation of the ordinance, that
they will be fined, unless said signs are
Resolved," That the thanks of the city of
Columbia be given to Benjamin H. Latrobe,
of Baltimore, for his kind donation ot two
hundred dollars for the poor of this city.
On motion, Council adjourned.
F. H. ELMORE, City Clerk.
STRATAGEM.-Some years ago,
while in conversation with Mr. Cal?
houn, upon the power of the Presi?
dent to remove from office, he ex?
pressed the opinion, that (although
such had ever been the usages,) no
such power belonged to him? But
that in all cases of appointment to
office which required the confirma?
tion of the Senate, the President had
only the power of suspension, and
his action required the approval o?
the Senate to perfect it.
We see it suggested that the radi?
cals are dispose?! to reduce this theory
into practice, to prevent the Presi?
dent front reconstructing hi1-. Cabinet.
[ Wilmington Jammal.
DEATH OF A PHYSICIAN FROM AN
OVER-DOSE OF MORPHINE.-Dr. Isaiah
P. Lynn, a well known physician of
Chicago, died on Wednesday last,
from the effects of nine grains ot'
morphine. He had been visiting his
patients as usual, and on reaching his
office in the evening, took five grains
of morphine, in order to ease certain
pains from which he was suffering.
Finding no relief from that quantity,
he subsequently took four grains
more, when he relapsed into insensi?
bility, from which state all efforts to
restore him proved unavailing.