Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, Mareil 17, 1866.
The proceedings, ou last Monday,
we regard as important, aud, as we
have only published the telegraphic
sketches, we make the following con?
densed statement of the proceedings:
In the Senate, Mr. Wilson reported
from the Military Committee a reso?
lution of thanks to the officers and
seamen who assisted in rescuing sol?
diers from the wreck of the steamship
San Francisco, aud introduced a bill
amending the act providing payment
for property lost in the military ser?
vice, aud a constitutional amendment
basing Congressional representation
on the number of voters. Mr. Grimes
also introduced a constitutional
amendment mainly corresponding
with that brought iu by the Recon?
struction Committee, and which, after
being adopted by the House, was re?
jected by the Senate, on Friday last,
making the total population, except?
ing in States where negroes are not
permitted to vote, the representative
basis. Mr. Sumner, also, offered au
amendment of similar purport, but
which is so worded us to avoid recog?
nizing the right oi States to disfran?
chise on account of color. The vote
whereby the bill extending the time
for removal of goods from bonded
warehouses was passed, was recon
sidered, and the bill was again taker
up and held under consideration foi
some time, several proposed amend
inents being rejected and some beinj
adopted, after which it was agair
" . gassed. The b^l .for the admission^?
Colorado was taken up, and Mr. Sum
. ner made a speech in opposition tx
it, and offered an amendment pro
hibiting exclusion from the eleetivi
franchise on account of color. With
out disposing of the subject, the Se
nate went into executive session, anc
soon after adjourned.
The House of Representatives heh
both a day and an evening session
Mr. Spalding, Republican, of Ohio
introduced a joint resolution to ta:
national notes and certificates o* in
debtedne8s, which was read twice
and, after considerable discussion
was so amended as to omit certificate
of indebtedness, and was thou re
ferred to the Wajs and Means Com
mittee. A large portion of the da;
was spent in Committee of the Whole
in consideration of the bill regulatinj
trade with the British North Ameri
can provinces. After extended debafc
and the submission of different amend
ments, the bill was finally killed b;
striking out the enacting clause
which action was concurred in by tb
House, after^the Committee had risei
and reported progress, by a vot
of seventy-five yeas to fifty-two nays
The bill making appropriations fo
the repair of present and the con
struction of nev fortifie0 tions wa
also discussed for some time in Cora
mittee of the Whole, but was not dis
posed of. It appropriates about $1,
500,000. Resolutions were adopte
instructing the Printing Committe
to report on the propriety of printin
twenty thousand extra copies of til
evidence taken before the Reconstru?
tion Committee; requesting the Se
retary of War to report the ainoui
of money paid to the Illinois Centn
Railroad Company for transportatic
of troops and Government propert
directing the Judiciary Committee 1
report on the expediency of excludii
disloyal persons from holding ofh<
or voting, and providing for the pu
chase, by Congress, of a portrait
the late Joshua R. Giddings. M
Blaine, of Maine, asked but fail?
to ob-..l:i leave to introduce a resol
tion ?-r\iiing that the House do
not approve of guaranteeing the pa
ment of the Mexican loan or Fenii
bonds. Bills were introduced, amoi
others to fix eight hours as a daj
work for mechanics and laborers
Government employ; to create ti
grade of brigadier-general comman
ant in thc marine corps, and to aid
the construction of the Kansas ai
Nebraska Valley Railroad. The Wa
and Means Committee reported ba
adversely the resolution to terapoi
rily increase duties on imports, ai
it was tabled. The Senate amen
ments to the post route bill, and t
bill extending the time for withdraw
of goods from bonded warehous<
wore taken up, when the former we
concurred in and the latter referr
to the Ways and Means Committee
An English widow lias recover
$35,000 from a railroad company 1
killing her husband.
Thc Seventeenth <>r March.
To-day is tlie anniversary of the
patron saiut of Ireland, and, if -we.
can believe the reports which reach !
us, it will be the most important
'.Patrick's day" that has ever ">oen
celebrated by Irishmen. According ?
to these reports, this day is appointed
for the uprising of the Feniaus in I
Ireland, aud the invasion of Canada j
by the American branch of "the j
Brotherhood. " Our New York ex-1
changes, yesterday, brings us Interj
news in relation to the contemplated j
foray into Canada. Lord Monck, the
Governor-General, has ipsued orders j
j calling ont the militia and designa?
ting the different organizations re?
quired for service, which, with a
mass of other matter bearing on the
crisis, appear in full in our present
issue. The Governor talks in a spirit?
ed manner, and indulges in a fling at
this country, by speaking of the au
ticipated Fenian forays as threatened
piratical attacks organized in the ter?
ritory of a neighboring power. All
the volunteers called out are to be
placed under the regulation* of strict
military law, and are subject to the
orders of Lieutenant-General Sir
John Michel, commander of the
British forces in North America.
While regretting that he is corni .elled
to require the services of so many
men, the Governal-General expresses
his assurance that, if necessary, the
entire population would volunteer.
Much enthusiasm is represented to
exist among thc v< ?lunteers, who are
still rapidly arr i v; cg from the coun?
try places in the principal large
towns, whence many of them have
already been despatched to the fron?
tier. It is reported that the fortsTof
Quebec have been denuded of tho
regulars garrisoning them, and that
these also are en rouie for the expect?
ed seat of war. It is proposed in
Montreal to expel all aliens. It is
amusing to see how the Canadian
press and people now endeavor to
ignore their guilt in giving all possi?
ble aid to the rebels of this country
during our late Avar, and ins .s. upon
it being the duty of our Government
to protect them from the terrible
Fenians. One Montreal paper foams
with rage over the matter, and says
j that President Johnson and bis Cabi
! net will be responsible for every drop
of blood shed in the apprehended
There is no true Irishman-no true
lover of liberty-in the South who
will not wish good luck and success
to the blow that may be struck to-day
for Ireland's freedom. It may be the
day for writing the epitaph of Em?
mett. And to refresh the memory of
our readers, native or Irish, we re?
produce the concluding paragraph of
that martyr-patriot's speech, when he
was asked by the English j udges why
sentence of death should not be pro?
nounced against him:
"Let no man write my epitaph,
for as no man knows my motives dare
now vindicate them; let not prejudice
or ignorance asperse them; let them
rest in obscurity and peace. Let my
memory be left in oblivion, and my
tomb remain uninscribed, until other
times and other men can do justice
to my character.
j "Wnen my country lakes her place
among the nations of the earth, then,
and not till then, let my epitaph he writ
j ten. J have done."
Who knows but that his tomb may
be inscribed, and his epitaph written,
by the sword of freedom in the hand?
of his countrymen?
We learn from the Richmond Times
that since the resignation of Genera)
John D. Imboden, the oppointmeni
of General Superintendent of tl?
National Express and Transportation
Company has been tendered to anc
accepted by B. F. Ficklin, Esq. This
officer entered upon his duties on th(
_?th instant, and has gone to worl
with a vim. He has made some radica
reforms in the government of th?
Company, and so materially chang?e
its already flourishing prospects as t<
place its permanent success almos
beyond a peradventure. The Coin
pany is fast gaining ground through
out the Union.
A curious incident occurred th<
other day in one of the restaurant!
' of Philadelphia. A rough but shrewc
looking countryman seated himsel
at a table, and having inspected th*
bill of faio, called for a piece o
"Forney." The waiter, who was i
black of more than ordino-v intelli
gence, disappeared grinning, ant
returned in a moment with a slice o
In New Orleans the Methodis
Episcopal Churches, have in sonn
instances, been turned over to th?
Thc Practical Remit* of Negro Emau
?'i pa ti on.
The sorrows entailed by s singlo sin
were never more strikingly displayed than
in the caste of negro slavery. Emancipa?
tion, which should bo final expression of
repentance and the closing act of redress,
is only thc first link in a chain of increas?
ing difficulties. The Americans are already
finding this out, and it mast fco poor en?
couragement to them ,o observe the actual
condition to which thirty years of similar
trial havo brought Jamaica. Tao abolition
of slavery in any country o^ens a new
question, which, we may say without exag?
geration, bas never yet been stlved at all.
No experience has shown us ?kow to con?
duct a population of liberated, blacks to a
good Social or political position. In Hayti,
we seo the end of negro independence; in
Jamaica, of negro liberty. Che natural
desire of all Abolitionists is to convert the
slave into a free laborer-thc ?qual, in that
respect, of a white mau. Butithe emanci?
pated slave, partly from a natural revul?
sion of feeling, and partly from the ineradi?
cable instincts of race, has nt disposition
to become a laborer at all. fe is incapa?
ble of appreciating a condition of freedom
which leaves him under as much necessity
to work as before. The question has uni?
formly been argued upon tho assumption
that as free ?abor cheerfully given is more
productive than forced workjthe services
of the blacks, in their new capacity of free?
dom, would actually bo more valuable than
before, so that no derangement of indus?
trial interests could follow upen emancipa?
tion. This would be true enough if the ne?
gro resembled thc European in his wants
or his disposition; but there is no snell
analogv between the two. Ooo volunteer
is worth two pressed men, nc doubt; but
the black, when he ceases to be a piessed
man, docs not. become a volunteer. He
will work for nothing but the necessary
satisfaction of his bodily wants, and as
these wants are on thc smallest possible
scale, it followR that of his own free will he
will hardly work at all. We have seen the
problem brought to its practical end in
Jamaica step by step. When the slaves
were first emancipated, provisions were
enacted for substituting certain organiza?
tions of labor in the place of slavery: but
thc negroes rebelled against this species ef
compulsion: their white patrons applauded
their conduct, and apprenticeship, in all
its successive forms, was ultimately abo?
lished also, as mero "slavery in disguise."
* ? * # * '* * *
With the exception of a few plantations on
the sea-shore, the estates went out of cul?
tivation altogether. A result which in our
economical discussions at homo is only
sp cnlatively contemplated, as the effect of
a final rupture, between capital and labor
dich in JjMWaica, actually occur. Agricul?
ture was given up altogether. The owners
or occupiers of estates actually found that
a most productive soil in ono of the finest
climates in the world, would not repay the
cost of farming on the terms of black labor,
and they showed the reality of theirconclu
sions in a most practical way. They let
their land go to waste, and the property
and produce of the soil were lost together.
Jamaica, at this minute, imports food for
its population, though it is rich enough
and fertile enough to support five times
that population from its own products.
Jn America we seem to see the first step
taken in a similar career of difficulty and
misfortune. Emancipation has come, and
is a reality. Nobody, even in New Eng?
land, has any suspicion that the people of
the South so much as dream or the re?
establishment of personal slavery. But
the people of thc North are not content
with this. An active party among them is
.'.heady clamoring for additional securities
on the negro's behalf. They are provid
ing, by anticipation, against "slavery in
disguise," though they cannot tell how to
set about the work. On thc other hand,
the officers on the spot, who have got the
blacks under their personal observation,
and can discern the nature of the emer?
gency, are proceeding very much in the
fashion of the Jamaica Legislature in times
past. The Freedmen's Bureau-that is to
say, the board charged especially with the
protection of the negro-has issued orders,
in the case of Georgia, that the negroes,
when sufficient wages are offered, shall
make contracts for labor, and it under?
takes to insure the execution of these con?
tracts, when duly made, by compelling tho
blacks, if necessary, to perform their work.
This is the apprentice system, or, rather,
it is something far more like actual
slavery. If these orders, which aro to be
adopted in all the States of the South, are
correctly described, the American negro,
though he can no longer be bought and
sold outright, will still bo held to "invol?
untary .servitude.'" If any Southern plan?
ter by" virtue of tendering what in the eyes
n>f a magistrate may appear a sufficient
sum of money is to be enabled to carry off
any number of blacks to bis estate, there
to work whether they will or not, the "dis?
guise" of slavery will he very thin indeed.
In Jamaica our colonists vi-ere not even
Cermitted to make contracts for labor with
lack volunteers, or to bind a negro to con?
tinuous work by the terms of an ordinary
apprenticeship. The patrons of the blacks
prescribed every element of coercion, ex?
cept that arising from the wants of the
body-a stimulus which, in the caso before
them, had no existence at all.
We may expect with some confidence
that the New Englanders will protest
against this official decree, but what is to
be the alternative? Without coercion in
some form or other, the negro will do no
regular work. If he can but squat and
sleep, and still keep body and soul toge?
ther, that will bo his course. At present,
he cannot quite do so, but he is assisted
for the moment by daily rations of food
doled out to hin) by the State. This, how?
ever, cannot last, nor ia it very probable
that the blacks will be allowed in America
the peculiar advantage which fell to their
lot in Jamaica. In that island, thc en?
franchised negro got a direct benefit from
his own indolence. When tho cultivation
of the soil was given up as hopeless for
want of labor, and land was allowed to run
to waste, the negro re-entered upon thc
deserted plantation to squat and vegetate.
Tho wreck and ruin actually told in his
favor, and re-produced a natural wilder?
ness for the use of his savage nature. But
we do not think the Americans will permit
the re-enactment of stich scenes in theil
country-they cannot afford to loso seven
tine States of thc Union as Jamaica was
lost to us. These States must do theil
natural duty in raising produce, paying
taxes and maintaining an industrious
population in decent order. Jamaica tole
for little in our modern systoni. It was uol
much to us that a few colonists were
ruined, or thal we got our sugar from Spa
nish instead of British plantations, but il
is very Biff?rent with tho Americans am
the Southern States. A section of tho OX'
treme radical party is, indeed, prepared t<
legislate in a way which would make Vir
ginia or Georgia as like Jamaica as possi
hie. These rabid politicians are ready t<
confiscate the estates of their Souther!
fellow-citizens as a punishment for theil
recent rebellion, and then to parcel oui
the land in small allotments to the libe
rated blacks. That would end, no doubt
in a very accurate re-production of Un
fortunes and fate of Jamaica, but we hav?
not the h ast belief that the American!
will ever endure such a sacrifice.
[Loudon Ti nus.
Thc father of Filiibuster Walker
is uov>' a door-keeper nt a theatre.
The President declines, for the
present, to order the restoration of
the Sea Island plantations to their
former owners, even in those cases
where the owners have received at his
hands a full pardon for past offences.
His reason for this is probably to be
found in the fact that it would hardly
be wise to restore, here and there, a
plantation on those islands, while all
the others were held at the same time
by thc negroes. Such a result could
not fail to breed disturbances, and
perhaps very serious cousequencas.
Meanwhile the President has not in
the slightest changed his position on
this subject from what was expressed
in his veto message. Those lands
cannot be rightfully "taken from
their former owners without legal pro?
ceedings being first had."
One of the members of the Recon?
struction Committee has a proposition
which he intends to submit on his
own account for the admission of
Tennessee, when the subject is again
brought before the House. The pre?
cise nature of this substitute I have
not learned, but report says that it is
pretty certain to be well received, and
nearly as certain to be agreed upon.
The President found immense relief
yesterday in being almost totally
exempt from, borers, otherwise known
as inquisitive delegations, who have
nothing particular to do, and there?
fore impose themselves on the good
nature of the President. During the
present week, however, another rush
may be looked for, as two or three
delegations yet remain to gratify theil
curiosity and give vent to their patri?
Another meeting of the Ways and
Means Committee was held yesterday
on the subject of internal revenue. Thc
Committee are divided upon the ques?
tion as to what amount of reduction
shall bo fixed upon in the grand total ol
the receipts, a portion of the members
suggesting a whittling down of $50,
000,000, and others a razee of $75,
000,000. As it is important there
ohould b?* unanimity on this paint,
the taxable articles on which reduc
tions are contemplated will not be
taken up in detail until the unanimity
Naturally enough, the Fenian ex
citement has given rise to rumors of s
forthcoming proclamation, but it ii
certain that none will be issued unti
the cause is ascertained to exist foi
the same. The British Minister, al
his last interview with Mr. Seward
was assured that the Governmen
would promptly punish any infrac
tions of the neutrality laws by th?
Fenians, but thus far he was no
aware that any had be?n made. Tin
Minister replied that he felt sure hi:
Government would ask no more thai
this, though he took occasion at tin
same time (privately) to express hil
regret at the mischief and unpleasan
feeling which the acts of the Brother
hood were calculated to produce.
Mr. Seward replied that he saw al
this clearly; that the proceedings o
the leaders were certainly of a mis
chievous, if not criminal nature, bu
as yet they had known enough t<
keep within the limits of the law. Hi
would be happy at all times to giv
her Majesty's representative all tb
information in his possession wit]
reference to the so-called uprising
and promised that the strong arm o
the Government should not be founi
wanting should the occasion for it
Thus far tho British Governmen
has made no remonstrance whateve
to that of the United States upon th
above subject, the interviews betweei
Mr. Seward and Sir Frederick havinj
been purely of a private and convei
The vote in both the Senate an<
House, on Friday, is the most posi
tive proof that could be offered tba
extreme counsels are less and less in
flneutial in Congress. The President
I am told, is greatly encouraged b;
the results of Friday's work, and h
now feels more satisfied than eve
that his policy will succeed.
Gen. Garfield has been instructe
by the Ways and Means Committe
to report in part upon the changes i
the revenue which have already bee
agreed upon. The tax on income
has been fixed at five per cent, on a
over 81,000. The taxes in Schedul
A, which comprises a great variety e
articles, such as watches, carriage!
&c, have all been thrown off, excej
upon billiard tables and carriage
worth over $300. Cotton is taxe
five cents per pound, payable-nc
by the planter-but monthly by tl:
manufacturer who receives it, or b
the exporter at the time of shipmen
Tho tax of one dollar per barrel o
crude petroleum is removed. Th
tax on transportation is also remo vee
The tax on whiskey is not change<
These are the important features <
the report, though it covers sever
Some of the loyal men from sev
ral of the Souther!. States are cons
dering a project which, if nette
upon, will lead to very inrfgbrtant r
suits. Their plan is to issue calls 1
the loyal men, both black and whit
in these States to assemble in convei
tion, to organize loyal State Goveri
ments and elect ioyal delegates
Congress, who shall at once presei
themselves to that body, and ask fi
recognition of themselves and the
new State Governments.
It is sty ted in radical quarters tb
there are to be night sessions all th
week. The object is apparent,
is thought by the radicals that 1
pushing legislation, they will preve
a sober second thought among ai
members in the nature of returnii
reason against radicalism. They feel. !
too, like getting home to inflamo the <
popular mind, aud obstruct rising
conservatism among the people. It !
is now understood that Ethe radical
Senators have determined not to con?
firm tho nominations of the President
of an important character.
T%e Senate will be disappointed in
the hope they entertained of a speedy
opportunity of rejecting President
Johnson's nominations. He has sig?
nified to some of them that he will
make no removals at present. Ho
would probably gratify them very
much by- dismissing two or three
members of the Cabinet and nomi?
nating political friends for their
places. They would attempt to test
the question made in 1829 and 1830,
but nc?ver decided, whether the Pre?
sident has a right to remove an officer
without the assent of the Senate.
The President will, perhaps, wait
for further developments of the poli?
tical plans of the radicals before he
proceeds to make removals. At pre?
sent, the prospect of continued Re?
publican and radical unity in Con?
gress is improving.
The New Hampshire und Connec?
ticut elections are important, as the
earliest that will occur in which the
issues made by Congress with the
President will bo submitted to the
people. The Republican organiza?
tion in the first named State is too
strong to bo overcomo so early in the
conflict. Time is wanted to affect
any change unfavorable to radicalism.
In Connecticut, commercial influ?
ences sometimes prevail over radical
dictation. It would nd? be surpris?
ing it' the State should take a conser?
Clerks from all the Government
offices in this city, and even some
heads (if bureaus ?iud assistant secre?
taries, have generally been allowed
leave of absence to go home to vote.
Nf) obstructions will be offered, it is
said, to the usual course. They will
vote as tliey idease, without danger
I of removal for that cause. No gene?
ral syikOni ot' pi *s?rption threatens
GEN. GRANT NOT A RADICAL,, BUT A
DEMOCRAT.-Senator Wilson, of Mas?
sachusetts, closed his speech in oppo?
sition to the President, a few days
since, ns follows:
"Two years ago, in a trying hom
of the country, we placed a great sol?
dier at the head of all our armies,
and he lead thc armies to victory,
and the country to peace. Perhaps
a patriotic and liberty-loving people,
if disappointed in their aspirations
and their hopes, may again turn tc
that great captain, and summon hire
to marshal them to victory."
This does not imply a threat or
the part ol' Congress to use militan
force against the President. Mr.
Wilson is merely looking about for r
Presidential candidate in 18G8; anc
he looks, of course, into the Demo
eratic ranks. Mr. Wilson is the onh
New England man that will venture
to place at the head of affairs a repre
sentative man of the North-west, anc
the only radical who will look for ?
candidate among men of Democratic
education and antecedents. Thinl
of Chase, and Stanton, and Butlei
throwing up their caps for Grant!
MONTHLY STATEMENT OF TREASURE]
SPINNER. -The statement of Treasure
Spinner for the month of February
which was sent to the Secretary 01
Saturday, exhibits the total amoun
standing to his credit in the Treasur;
and with, the several Assistant Trea
snrers and designated depositories ti
be as follows:
Amount on deposit in coin, 875,
870,878.18: total amount on deposit
8105,878.237.09; drafts drawn am
payable, but not yet reported paid
$10,025,587.77; balance subject t
The statement also shows that th
receipts of the Government from a'
sources, during the month of Febru
ary, were $68,498,094.50, while th
disbursement amounted to $52,112,
772.19, leaving an available balanc
over and above expenditures of $0.
A From VF. N'EORO.-We learn tli?
several Philadelphia gentlemen, wh
have been prevented from sendin
their sons to Harvard by the fact thi
there was a negro under graduate then
have had the difficulty remover!
This * 'intelligent contraband," hi
been dismissed for "incapacity,
What will become of him is n(
known, lu ancient days, allstuden
who were dismissed from other co
leges found refuge with Doctor Knot
The Cambridge Sambo may probabi
find a welcome from Dr. Goodwii
fc>r Philadelphia harbors almost au;
thing from New England, from diviin
downwards. - Flt iladelphia Age.
ANOTHER REPORTED ROBBERY.-'.
is reported that another great robbei
of securities has occurred. The ri
mor is circulating in Wall street, bi
there are no particulars, except th;
the bonds and other papers were coi
fained in one box, and that tl
amount of the loss is half a millie
I Neve York Evening Post, 12///.
- - ? ^ ?>
Many persons believe that, evei
issue ol' Government notes i uer eas*
thc amount in circulation. This, ho\
ever, is an erroneous impression, ?
the Treasury Department is steadi
reducing instead of augmenting tl
issue. For every dollar printed th?
is an equal amount cancelled, eitb<
in fractional or other currency.
CASU.-Our terms for subscription, ad?
vertising und j.,!, work are cash. V,'.- bop.
all parties will bear this i:i mind.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER. The regular
publication of this paper will be postponed
a few weeks. Persons desirous <>f t-iib
sei-ibm^, wiii please forward tlx ruone\ j?
once. Tenus 5=4 a year.
THE BnuNrso OF COLUXIUA. AU mu I
eating account ot the "Sack ami Destruc?
tion of the City ol Coin rubia. S. C.," lia*
just been issued, ill pamphlet .'orin, from
the Pluxnir. steam power pres*, orden,
can be filled to any extent.
REV. E. A. BOLLES. -This gentleman, so
well known throughput the South as Agent
of the American Bible Society, has removed
from Orangeburg to Columbia; and tbis
city hereafter will be his post office address.
The Georgetown Time? is the title of a
paper published at Georgetown, H. C., by
Mr. J. W. Tarbox, at ?4 per annum. We
have received the first humber of this jour?
nal, and wish the proprietor all trio success
that he so justly merits.
DIAL & POPE.-We call the attention ?if
mill owners to the advertisement of these
gentlemen, to be found in another column.
We have examined their stock of hardware
and house furnishing articles, and pro?
nounce it to be one of the beat ?elected in
every department of the business we have
seen in Columbia, even in her palmiest
SKAMEFCL.-We have been informed by
one of our citizens that tiic negroes are
in the habit of taking their dead to Pot?
ter's Field and interring them very insuffi?
ciently. The friend we allude to, in pass?
ing that way on Thursday morning,
observing a new-made small mound, stop?
ped and examined it, when he found a few
inches of soil covered a box containing tin
remains of a negro child. If this matter
is not taken in charge by the military or
municipal authorities, we may have groat
sickness in our community this summer.
We invoke tin.- interference of the authori?
ties in this matter.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, whicb
aro published this morning for the first
H. W. Kinsman-Nitrogenized Lime.
D. P. Gregg-Dentistry.
M. L. Kinard-Horse for Sale.
Dial A l'ope-Notice to Mill-Owners.
Thos. Taylor -Potato Slips.
Benj. T. Dent-House to Rent.
Richard O'Brien-For Edgefield, iVe.
Browne & Schirmer-Hay, Corn, Ac.
'? " -Crockery.
A POWERFUL MAXIMILIAN PABTY IN
MEXICO.-Were there no other means
of proving the existence of a large
Imperial party throughout Mexico,
the fact that the country contains
7,000,000 of inhabitants ought to
show that, even with the assistance of
the French army, Maximilian could
not maintain his position were the
whole Mexican people opposed to his
Government. Any considerable well
organized proportion of the fighting
force of the country could expel him.
The fact that the practical opposition
is confined to a few scattered bands,
is an eloquent solvent of Maximilian's
popularity. It is also a significant
fact that the troops hold all the Mexi?
can seaports on both sides of the con?
tinent, and secure their revenues for
the Imperial Government, are native
Mexican soldiers, not a French or
Austrian garrison being stationed in
those places. A person living here
in Mexico is impelled to the con?
clusion that the wealth, intelligence
and culture of Mexico, all who have
anything to lose by revolutions and
anarchy, and to gain by law and order,
are the friends of the existing Go?
vernment, while the nomadic and
semi-barb?rous elements who have
always lived by commotion, and re?
ga?? a condition of public peace as a
disaster to themselves and their kind,
are invariably found among the oppo?
nents. Certainly these dividing lines
cannot be strictly drawn; there are
good and bad; respectable people and
vagabonds on both sides; but tho
above classification, 1 am persuaded,
will apply to three-quarters of those
comprising the present political par?
ties of Mexico.
[Correspondent X. Y. News.
An agent of the United States Go?
vernment is located in Wall street,
with some fifty millions in specie at
his disposal. Whenever an attempt
is made to bull the market, he throws
a large quantity upon it, thereby
bearing the price down. The result
of this is, that gold speculation is
now almost wholly ceased.
Mrs. Lydia Maria Child-who has
so much concern for Africans-calls
Europeans who come to this country
to enrich it by their skill, experience,
labor, wealth, as the out-pourings of
alms-houses and penitentiaries.
A card appears in the National In?
telligencer, of Tuesday, from the late
steward, Mr. Stackpole, iu which he
states that whatever articles of furni?
ture are missing from the White
House, must have been taken either
after or before his appointment.
The Marion Sim; says:
During the past several months and
latterly within several days, daring
robberies have been committed in our
midst and very little information has
been obtained of thieves.
There is trouble reported at Mobile
between factors and buyers of cotton,
which has had the effect of restrict
ing the sales .?f the week to 2,000
bales, closing at 4'2c. for mid "'