Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, March 24, 1866.
Oar Manufacturing Capacity.
Heretofore, the Southern States
have devoted their energies to agri?
culture, and her staples-cotton, rice
and tobacco-have mainly supplied
the wants of mankind. The great
change in the labor system of the
South suggests, and it is to be rea?
sonably expected will effect, a change
in her industrial pursuit?. There is
no reason now that tho South should
not, at once, embark in manufactur?
ing. Our cotemporary of tho Rich?
mond Dispatch, in an article on the
manufacturing capacities of the
South, says thal she bas countless
rivers and illimitable mineral trea?
sures, the means of conveyance to
other nations; cotton and wool are
among her great staples, and she eau
use them to much greater advantage
than to export them abroad, since
tho cost of transportation is so great,
and since she needs a large portion c*
the manufactured goods for her own
The Dispatch, after quoting a letter
from Abbott Lawrence to "W. C.
Rives, in 1840, urging the capitalists
of Virginia to invest their capital in
the water-power of the James River,
says that it is sound advice from one
of the wisest and most practical
minds of the country. It is further?
more admitted, by a Boston journal,
that the South can produce coA1->n
cloth, aud a better article, chea er
thau either qM?r Kew F--gland, De
cause she ha^the _^oiton on the
ground, ''1!1(^?pT^bctter condition
than it co^Jff^his, be lifter L remo
mdreds or thousands of
exposed to drenching rains, to
siled in tale mud to wharves, or
bleached or rotted by exposure
ya. its long travels by sea and land,
[f "cotton has done so much to mako
^lgland great since she received the
bale from our shores; if it has
h?d so much to the industry and
Bperity of New England, what
rt notiLJov the South when she
Btetare it at home,
fug many valuable home
the agriculturist, and
cotton a king in a double
as the Dispatch very sensibly
9, and as we have frequently
jp this pf,per, if the South is
fil itself of its extraordi
*idvantages to become a great
-manufacturing country, it must begin
with revolutionizing its antiquated
prejudices against the dignity of
labor, and accept the common-sense
of all other nations on that sub
Our universities and colleges
juld adopt the system of the French
xry schools, and perfect the stu
in mechanical as well as classi
'and scientific knowledge. Our
young men must learn that it is as
honorable to labor with their hands
in the field and work-shop as it is to
stand behind counters or study the
professions, and a good deal more
honorable than to live in idleness and
dependence. The world is getting
wiser on these subjects every day.
The absurd notions of the superior
respectability of any one honest vo?
cation to any other honest vocation
are steadily disappearing before the
progress of civilization and the grow
truice of the useful arts,
jity will soon compel
Ito work or starve. We
lake a virtue of neces
gept gracefully that which
If we can save Vir
jc/South by dignifying
dignified in France-a
h is as proud and chi?
llier-we ought not to
sacrifice of midday-age
. . of
and manufacturing, are ample, and if
-we do our whole duty in developing
them, we will soon retrieve our shat?
tered fortunes, and start on a new
career of prosperity.
The Political Game.
"Patience, and shuffle the cards,"
were the words of Durandante in the
cave of Montesinos. This would
make at the present time a good
motto for the South, if the cards wera
in its hands. But, unfortunately,
they are not. The privilege of the
deal lies at this point of the game
with the radical party, and that party
seems inclined to avail itself of every
art which may help it to win the
stakes. Still, we say to the South,
be patient, and, above all, be cool.
Passion will only give your adversary
a double advantage. The gambler
who stocks his pack does not always
come off with flying colors. He is
sometimes detected, exposed, dis?
graced, and he is then glad enough, if
he be permitted, to withdraw without
having his retreat hastened by a boot.
The radical party may be served in a
similar way. Its cards have already
been overlooked, and its trickery
made plain. It is very generally
known to be playing falsely both with
ourselves and the country at large.
The motives by which it claims to be
influenced are manifestly little else
than surreptitious aces and kings. In
other words, (to drop a figure which,
if used iu connection with politicians
less base, would be of questionable
taste,) it has been discovered that
the devotion which that party pro?
fesses to the Union is the merest pre?
tence; that with the word Union upon
its lips, it means something as bad as
secession itself. So patent is the im?
position that the honest men of the
party havejall left its ranks; the
brave Johnson has openly denounced
the cheat ; and there are not wanting
many signs that the people of the
North are preparing to db so, like?
wise, through the medium of the
ballot-box. Patience, therefore, we
repeat, ye "pigeons" of the South
patience for a little while, and ere
long you may have the pleasure of
seeing the "plnckers" become the
SEIZURE OF A SUPPOSED CONFEDE?
RATE STEAMER.-We learn from the
Baltimore Sun that a libel of informa?
tion was filed in the United States
Conrt on Saturday, March 17, against
the irou steamer Coquette, lying in
that port, for violation of the laws of
the United States in being used to
aid the insurrection, and therefore
forfeited; and also as the property of
the former Confederate Government,
and therefore by inheritance the pro?
perty of the United States. The
Coquette was built at Renfrew, Scot?
land, and is said to have Been the
property of Trenholm & Co., Charles?
ton, S. C. The property was seized
in the possession of Captain Daniel
Squires, who, it is stated, claims tliut
he purchased said steamer at Nassau,
in November, 1865. The steamer
claims to be under the flag of Great
Britain. The claimants have not yet
filed an answer to the information.
The ship now lies at Henderson's
Wharf, Fell's Point. An interesting
THE CHURCHES.-The General As?
sembly of the Old . School Presbyte?
rian Church in the United States of
America will meet in St. Louis, on
the third Tuesday in May. At the
same time the General Assembly of
what is known as the "New School"
Presbyterian ('burch will also meet
in the same place. These two assem?
blies represent the largest bodies of
Presbyterians in the United States,
but have no correspondence with each
The General Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South,
composed of delegates from all the
Annual Conferences of the entire
Church, will meet in New Orleans, on
the first Wednesday in April. The
General Assembly has tendered the
the Legislative Hall for the use of
the Conference. Nearly two hundred
ministers will be preseut from every
section of the South, and the session
will probably continue one month.
A despatch from Portland, Oregon,
says the Indians in the Owhyhee
regions are very troublesome. The
citizens had offered bounties for their
?d intended to make a clean
dicab occupy the anomalous
sf favoring the Union by
ipon disunion. The Con
are called *r- '*^*s>fnr advo- j
!-csr<)i-.;yfl| z a.,:,..
Correspondence of the Phoenix.
WASHINGTON, March 16,18C6.
Tho civil rights hill having passed both
Houses, it is now before the President for
his signature. This is a very important
bill. It provides, in substance, that the
freed people shall have the same rights
before tho law that any person else has,
except that it excludes the right of suf?
frage, which is left with each State. Any
person infringing any of their legal rights,
is liable to five and two yuars imprison?
ment. A final appeal in all cases arising
under this bill lies to the Supremo Court
Opinions differ au to what thc President
will do with this bill. Some say he wdl
veto it on the ground that he will sign no
bill affecting the South until the Southern
members are admitted to their seats.
Others say he will sign thc bUl, because ho
has all along wished their right? to be se?
cured to the freed people-tho only point
bc has made being in the right of suffrage.
The most injurious tales are constantly
written from the South and published in
the Northern papers, in order to convince
the North that the Southern people cannot
bc trusted with political powers. To give
you a sample of tire letters written from
the South, take thc following, in one of the
morning papers of this city, of to-day:
"RECONSTRUCTION.- Omcial advices wefo
yesterday received from South Carolina, to
the effect that a band of outlaws; led by
an ex-rebel major, hu? been committing
depredatious and murdering Union men
and negroes, on account of their devoted
loyalty. The guerilla leader exhibits as
trophies of his prowess eight cars, cut
from colored persons."
Tho scene of the above is iaid in Edge
field District. It is surely impossible that
this can be true. Yet it ia by these horrid
tales the public opinion of the North is
The question is frequently asked, whe?
ther the people of the States now having
representation in Congress will support
tho President. On this point, I heard a
public man of great experience say he could I
always tell, in advance, what the people ?
were going to do, by simply asking him?
self what it was wise* and proper that they
should do, and then, b3- taking it for grant?
ed that they would do tho opposite, and
juding from this rule, he said ho felt satis?
fied the Northern people would "go it
blind for the radicals against the Presi?
It was determined, at the opening of the
session, by the House of Representatives,
that they would support the Secretary of
the Treasury in the pohev he had an?
nounced of a gradual reduction # of the
amount of the paper currency, with the
view of reducing slowly to the specie basis.
But recently, this policy has been changed
by the radical leaders. They are now un?
willing to any essential reduction of the
volume of paper money. It is thought tho
main reason is this: They fear the chief
argument against thom will come from
their policy being unfriendly to tho mate?
rial interests of the country, by keeping up
the agitation; hence, to weaken this argu?
ment as much as possible, they desire to
have as much paper money in "circulation
as possible, so aa to keep business matters
moving along easily.
Several of thc "Southern Senators are
here now. They had a sort of indefinite
notion that something good was going to
turn np for them by the month of March.
But March has come, and their prospects
are no better than in December. Indeed,
there is not the slighest possibility of any
one being allowed to take a seat in either
House, without taking the test oath, while
this Congress lasts.
It is understood that the Committee of
Ways and Means will report a bill making
many alterations in the internal revenue
system. One thing is luckly for the South,
in the political condition of the day; they
arc escaping the payment of large sums of
internal taxes. Certainly this is not to bo
regretted, if the Government consent to it.
A RADICAL PAPER ON MR. SEWARD.
A "Washington correspondent of the
Cincinnati Gazelle makes some grave
charges against Mr. Seward, brought
ont. as he says, by his recent con?
temptuous expressions in speaking of
Mr. Johnson. The writer relates a
conversation which took place at De
mopolis, Alabama, in November last,
between one of the prominent poli?
ticians of the South aud a Union
officer who had gone South to pro?
cure a plantation. The Southern
man stated that it had been decided
that the South could not elect a
Southern man as President, and to
make sure .f success, they must se?
lect a man %.hu could carry Pennsyl?
vania or New York, and that after ne?
gotiation, they fixed upon William H.
But the correspondent docs not stop
here. Ho more than insinuates that
Mr. Seward was in complicity with
the rebels during the war; that he
gave pledges to the Southern Com?
missioners that Sumter would be
evactuated; that he defeated the pos?
sibility of relief to that fortress, and
finally sent word to the rebels in
Charleston, informing them that a
fleet had sailed to relieve Sumter;
upon which, the rebels opened fire on
the fort and reduced it.
The correspondent adds, that Mr.
Seward's recent course was in con?
formity with his original determina?
tion to be the oppositic i and South?
ern candidate for the Presidency in
1868, and deals in inuendoes as to
whom he might have met during his
recent visit to Havana, the rebel city
A GOOD HIT.-The New York
Herald, knowing well that Catholics
are said to be governed in political
affairs, as well as religious, by the
clergy, has an article concerning the
priests and the Fenians, in which it
makes the naive remark that, "unlike
the followers of many of the political
churches who are led by such men as
Cheever and Beecher, our Irish fel?
low-citizens appear to understand the
difference between the. duties of their
pastors in religious and in secular
A merited rebuke to political par?
- .a. - * -
Tennyson is paid a guinea a line
for everything he writfis.-Exchange.
If we gut that much, it would heall
The correspondent of the Balti?
more Sun says:
Wall street certainly expected the
passage of the loan bill, for gold
opened at twenty-eight and a frac?
tion, thia morning. Wall street was
mistaken. The bill being oponed for
discussion, Mr. Broomall, who had
voted against it, stated that he was in
favor of its object, but opposed to its
details; that the same was the case
with many other members. He would
tell the Committee of Ways and
Means that they cannot carry this bill ;
that the Democrats, but not the Union
majority, might go for it, and that it
must be recommitted and amended.
The House has passed a joint reso?
lution for the termination of tho pre?
sent session ou the-Thursday in
May. It passed by a vote of 80 to CA.
It means nothing more thnu an ex?
pression of a willingness to adjourn
as soou as possible in reference to
their political interests. Two hun?
dred members are engaged in a light
for their re-election. The next is the
President-making Congress, and
every nerve will be exerted to carry
it. The same power that elects the
next Congress will elect the next Pre?
This Congress will not adiuit Rep?
resentatives from the eleven Southern
States, and this Congress intend to
make the next, which will persist in
the same policy towards the South.
After the election of tin; ne ct Presi?
dent, there Avili be less object in the
exclusion of the South.
Many members are williup to close
the session as soon as the appropria?
tion bills can bo passed, lecving the
President to administer ,the Govern?
ment, ?ts far tus thc law will permit,
according to his own policy. They
assum^ that the President will not
enter into a general system of politi?
cal proscription in the recess, of Con?
gress, and that, if he does, they will
make as much capital out of it as he
It is now stated in a high Execu?
tive quarter that Mr. Stanton sup?
ports the policy of the President.
Meantime, Mr. Sumner assorts posi?
tively that the Secretary of War is
quite up to him in the radical race,
or somebody is cheated.
I can state authoritatively that the
report in the newspapers at the North
that Secretary Welles has written a
letter favoring the election of Gene?
ral Hawley, the radical candidate for
Governor in Connecticut, is untrue.
He is openly and expressly for the
candidate wh.> supports the Adminis?
tration in the restoration or recon?
struction policy. He considers that
issue the only live one. He is op?
posed to those who oppose the Presi?
dent on that absorbing question.
There begins to be a doubt about
the President's signing the civil
The President hus endorsed in his
own handwriting the course of a
clerk who refused to answer to an as?
sessment for the New Hampshire
election, and to go home und aid the
radical element in that State.
It is Senator Foote, of Vermont,
who is understood to be inspirator of
the Stewart resolution.
The correspondent of the Rich?
mond Dispatch writes:
There ia no doubt now of the for?
mation of a new party, composed of
conservatives throughout the coun?
try, to uphold and endorse the prin?
ciples set forth by the President in
his recent declarations of the method
in which he intended to administer
the Government. Several leading
Republican members of Congress
who have very recently had inter?
views with the President, and dis?
cussed this measure, have given in
their adherence, and in a very few
days its objects will be made known,
and the principles publicly an?
nounced. Messrs. Raymond, Doo?
little, Cowan, and others prominent
before the country, are said to have
been consulted, and have" given ad?
vice upon the subject. Several lead?
ing men were in conversation with
the President yesterday, and it is sur?
mised that the new conservative ele?
ment was the theme of extended
remarks. The radicals tear the
strength of the opposition, and it is
a knowledge of recent movements
which induced Stevens to say recent?
ly that in three years the Govern?
ment would be iu the hands of the
rebels and their Northern allies.
Other extremists have asserted that,
at tho opening of the next Congress,
the Democrats (by which is meant all
opposed to radicalism,) will be in the
majority in the House without the
admission of representatives from
"whilst there ai* many of the op?
ponents of thc Administration who
claim that they will, without doul ?.,
carry the State of Connecticut,
(others being distrustful of their
power in that section.) yet they ad?
mit that the issue is not y^t fairly
defined, and the coming fall will
prove which party is to be in thc
ascendant. In fact, almost everyday
gives fresh evidences of the great
concern felt by the Stevens ] arty for
the permanency of their organization.
Tho Sec retary of War has an indi?
vidual under lock and key who is sus?
pected of being Quantrell; but sus?
picion does not make him that indi?
vidual, and tho i ."rty in question
denk s that he is tho person. Who
eau identify him? Telegrams have
been despatched to portions of Alis
souri for parties who are supposed to
know the prisoner, and when they
arrive, perhaps the present mystery
may be cleared up.
A. H. Stephens, Esq., does not
make any particular haste iu obeying
the alleged summons of the Recon?
struction Committee to appear before
them, as I learn from a letter from
him that he was quietly at his home
ou the 12th instant, ten days after the
reported sumr'ons was said to have
been issued. By-the-way, the two or
three columns from a "Georgian"
that appeared in the New York Tri?
bune some time since, in which Davis, j
Stephens and others were introduced
-the "folly" of the former and the
"foresight" ol the latter, and "why
the peace mission failed," forming
the prominent points of the letter
Mr. Stephens characterizes as "a
fancy sketch throughout; there were
some facts-some truths in it, but
these were, so distorted, ana so mixed
up with errors, that the whole may
be set down as the work of imagina?
tion." "The trtdh of history,".adds
Mr. Stephens, "is hard to get."
[Co?-. Philadelphia Ledger.
Senator Nye, Chairman of the Se?
nate Committee on Enrolled Bills,
placed before the "".esident, on last
Friday night, the civil rights bill. It
is deemed tolerably certain that it
will be signed. Those Republicans
who claim to be his especial friends
all say he will sign it, and the recon?
structed who are now here denounce
it as worse than the Freedmen's Bu?
rt i bill.
jjending Democrats and Repub?
licans, including some pretty radical
ones on both sides, are of the opinion
that the President will return this
bill with his objections. The chances
of a veto, however, are not so certain
on this bill as they were on the Bu?
reau bill.-New York Tribune.
Som? members who voted for the
bill say that it must be modified so as
to restrict the power of the President
and Secretary. Finally, the bill was
recommitted, aud may be considered
If so, Comptroller Clarke has beaten
Secretary McCulloch, and we are not
suro but rightfully, however impu?
dent his letter was.
According h, a recent decision of
the Treasury Department, the sepa?
ration of a coupon from a two years'
live per cent. Treasury note, renders
snch note no longer a legal tender
until interest begins on the next suc?
ceeding coupon that is attached tc
the note. This separation is consid?
ered such a mutilation ol' me note tu?
will make it redeemable by the Go?
vernment only at its par value, with
Your readers may rest assured thai
the President will veto the "eivi
rights bill," and that, too, before
many days. I was not able to saj
this positively in my last despatch,
but I am able to do so now. Youl
readers will remember that this bil
originally formed part of the Freed
men's Bureau bill, as prepared h}
Senator Trumbull, and was only sepa
fated from it and formed into a sepa
rate bill, because otherwise the Freed
men's Bureau bill would have beei
This civil rights bill contains tin
same principles, and is designed t<
effect the same ends that the Freed
men's Bureau bill had in view. Th
President regards it as not only un
constitutional, but entirely unneces
sary, because all the rights of th
people of the United States are a]
ready abundantly secured by th
Constitution, and if the negroes hav
any wrongs to complain of, the Stat
laws and the State Courts afford then
[Special despatch N. Y. News.
The radicals are noticeably moros*
and scowling to-day, and the genera
inference is that the unexpected
somerset of Senator Stewart, tw
days ago, is already bearing mor
unpalatable fruit than any of thei
expected. His resolutions are undei
stood to embody tho views of hi
fathe&in-law, H. S. Foote, and Go\
Sharkey, of Mississippi, and are suc?
as no radical, with the slightest rt
gard for consistency, dar?; oppos?
Vote for them they must. Thei
fears now are that when such men o
Gcv. Sharkey favor them, the nu
jority of the Southern people ma
also be induced to do so, as th
speediest means of ending their trot
bles and gaining admission for the:
delegations. It is also feared b
many that negro suffrage in th
South would turn the political ashc
on the lips of its Northern advocate!
and that it would, in fact, only serv
to strengthen the influence of Soutl
ern leaders and increase Souther
representation. It would also sett;
forever the "negro question," au
ieprive them of their principal stoc
in trade. Nothing but financial que
tions v ould be left for party issue;
md upon them the old Democrat:
loctrines would everywhere prevai
Should Stewart's resolutions: pal
Congress and be adopted by tl
?southern States, the far-seeing men
)ers of the Republican party adm
o-day that Democracy would ineviti
?ly come into power at the next Pr<
(idential election. Tho intention <
he radicals is to keep th?; Souther
states from any participation in thi
md it will not be surprising if mau
>f them oppose their own teaching
>y voting against the Stewart resoh
ions. - Cor. New York Herald.
The Herald's city of Mexico corre
tondent thinks that indications poi]
ecidedly to the strengthening ar
ermanency of the French occup:
The President of one of the lea?
lg Boston banks has just had h
dary raised to $17,000 per year c
ccount of valuable serr?ees^
CASH.-Our terms for (subscription, ad?
vertising ami job work are cash. We hope
ail parties will bear this in mind.
TUK WEEKLY GLEANER.-Tb? regular
publication of this paper wdl bepostpum il
a few weeks. Persons desirous of sub?
scribing, will please forward the money ai
once. Terms $-1 a year.
THE DUKNING or COLUMBIA. - An inter?
esting account ol tbe "Suck ami Destruc?
tion of thc City of Columbia, ?S. C.," bas
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Phatnix steam power press. Orders
can he tiiied to any extent.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. - Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
?re published this morning lor the t\r:-t
. Nomination for Mayor and Aldermen.
Win. Gurney-Groceries, cte.
John H. Heise-Confectionary,
liachnian Waties-Miniatures Lost.
James (i. (iibhes-Tobacco, Whiskey.
" " -Guano. ~
C. H. baldwin-Candles, Potatoes. Ac.
" -Zephyr Puff.
-Blank Book Lost.
Hrs. ll. C. Bronson - Furniture. .Vc.
For the information of our readers,
we publish the following order, issued
by Major-General Sickles, on the 14th
I. In order that the loyal people of
this State may bc relieved from all
unnecessary restraints incident to the
existence of martial law, the adminis?
tration of civil affairs in the several
Districts, Parishes and Municipalities,
respectively, will bc remitted by com?
manding officers of military districts
to the civil officers therein, duly qual?
ified to perform such duties. No per?
son shall be deemed eligible to hold
office, unless he ?hall have taken the
amnesty oath last prescribed; and, if
he belong to either of the classes ex?
cepted from amnesty, shall have re?
ceived Executive pardon. Civil officers
will, in all cases, respect and obey the
proclamations of the President, the
laws of Congress, and all orders re?
lating to the government of this de?
partment, issued by competent mili?
II. To aid the local functionaries
in resuming their proper duties, it is
ordered that hereafter, without au?
thority from these headquarters, no
military tax, assessment or charge of
any kind whatsoever, shall be levied
upon citizens, except fines and penal?
ties imposed by the Provost Courts,
or other competent military tribunals,
for offences whereof the party shall
Lave been duly convicted; and with
the further exception of the ground
rents at the post of Hilton Head, that
being a military reservation.
III. No prosecution or suit shall be
entertained in the Courts of South
Carolina against officers or soldiers of
the army of the United States, or
persons in any wise thereto belonging,
subject to military authority, charged^
with acts done in their military ca?
pacity, or pursuant to orders from
proper military authority; nor against
loyal citizens or persons charged with
icts done against the rebel forces, di?
rectly or indirectly, during the rebel?
lion; and all persons, their agents or
jervants, charged with the occupation
af abandoned lands and tenements,
ar the possession or custody of any
kind of property whatever, in cases
tvhere such occupation, use or pos?
session was authorized by the Pre?
sident, or by any of th? civil or mili?
tary departments of the Government,
shall be protected from any recover
es, penalties or damages that may
?ave been or may be imposed, or ad
udged therefor, in said Courts.
IV. Superior and Circuit Provost
Jourts will continue in operation as
aeretofore, and shall have, as against
my and all civil Courts, exclusive ju?
risdiction in all cases where freedmen
iud other persons of color are direct
y or indirectly concerned, until sn?Au?M
persons shall be admitted to the Stafe^j
Courts as parties and witnesses, with,, M
he same rights and remedies accorded
o all other persons. It shall, never
heless, be competent for a State
3ourt to hear and determine a cause
>r proceeding wherein persons of
?olor are parties to the record, when
hoy shall file a written stipulation to
iibmit the cause or proceeding to a
GRATIFYING TO CAROLINIANS.- A
orrespondent of the Charleston Cou?
rier says :
"Another work of interest to Citro
inians is thc 'Life of Bertrand du
Jueselin,' by the late General D. F.
amison, about which there is an
tem of news that may not have
eached you yet. It has been pub
ished in England, and has so pleased
he French Emperor that he has or
ered it to be translated into French,
nd to be augmented with fresh and
riginal notes, plans of battles, por
CHEAP CATTLE AND HORSES.-By
ie expiration of the Canada recipro
ity treaty and the defeat of a bill in
Congress for renewing some of its
ites for the exchange "of commoui
es, the trade in live stock between
ie United States and the Provinces
ames within the general tariff of
302, which includes among the arti
es exempt from duty "animals,
ving, of all kinds.' So we may
md for Canadian horses, and sup
Ly ourselves with Canadian cattle
ad sheep, free from tax. This is bad
ar thc protectionists, ^Jy?good for
ie people. Sun.