Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, March 27, 1866.
Elsen po of Stephens from Dublin.
There is a perfect furore amongst
the Fenian Brotherhood in New York,
on account of the news brought by
the latest steamer, contained in two
letters from Dublin to the New York
Nexos, announcing that, on the night
of Sunday, the 4th instant, Head
Centre Stephens made good his es?
cape from Dublin, in which city he
had been secreted since his wonder?
ful escape from the strong prison in
which he was confined.
The details of this escape, os nar?
rated by the two correspondents, are
too long for our columns. We will,
therefore, briefly state some of the
On the evening referred to, about
ti o'clock, five gentlemen, said to be
Americans, in an open carriage,
drawn by four fine horses, ridden by
postillions, drew up before a second
class hotel in one of the best streets
in the city, when a sixth person (Ste?
phens) joined the occupants of the
carriage, when the carriage moved j
leisurely through the principal streets,
until it reached the out-skirts of
Dublin, when it started off at rail?
road speed, traveling thirty miles in
three hours. It drew up at a sandy cove
on the coast, near Skerries, where a
fishing smack was in waiting, and
conveyed Stephens alone to a large
vessel, lying out some distance-whe?
ther a large steamer or sailing vessel
is not known-and the vessel imme?
diately put out to sea. It is not
known whether the destination of the
vessel was France or the United
States, but it is generally credited it
was bound for this country, where
the presence of the "Head Centre" is
I much needed. Stephens is said to
\ be one of thc shrewdest and most I
far-sighted men of the ago, and cer
J ainly his escape from a prison dou
ible-bolted and double-guarded, and
rViis escape from a city where he hod
Wetly remained for several weeks,
-pd which was filled by thousands of
stectives, whose sole duty it was to
^rrest him, certainly justifies such a
J The Organs of Discord.
e radical newspaper organs and
tant politicians "of that stripe,
people of the North, day
r day, that the rebellion in the
th is not subdued-that the pec?
hero are as disaffected as they
ere when they took up arms-that I
bitter feelings of hostility to the
orthern people have only become
intensified, and that it will take
fears to bring our people to a propar
.ind healthful state of subjection.
If this were true, as intimated by
a Northern cotemporary, the disgrace
f it would attach to the dominant
. -.rty, for it is a tacit confession that
s leaders of that party had not
?jnanimity enough to conciliate a
^e, vanquished foe. "If, then,"
?e journal referred to remarks,
outh is more discontented now
e was at the close of the war;
thlTpetty, irritating insults to which
Khe is subjected-the narrow-minded
spirit displayed towards herby some,
and the base policy recommended by
others of the radical party-by such
men the President's generous policy
is neutralized and frustrated."
This statement of our cotemporary
is true as to what the aims and ten?
dencies of the radical party might
naturally produce. But the allega
f the radical organs are not
ll the history of the world,
bellions or civil wars, there
such a prompt, sincere and
submission to the power the
nts made war against, but
onquered them, as the Sou til?
es have exhibited since their
iaest guide to the
atiou and recon
ed and distracted
nisition he considered
.completion of that
But, notwithstanding all this,
adical organs of discord and
politicians in Congres* still per
n their work of defamation, and
the flames of discard to the
ial injury of all sections of the
We have still ?ope of the
a conservative policy, and
re long the machinations
itators will crme to an end.
about ?0,000 young
South arc socking
^iew /ork city.
The Connecticut Elections.
Th? National Intelligencer, evidently
speaking by authority, contradicts
the statement that the Secretary of
the Navy had written a letter express?
ing his desire that General Hawley,
the Republican candidate, might be
elected. The Intelligencer states as a
fact, though solicited to do as sug?
gested, declined to yield to partisan
requests to tbat effect. Mr. Welles
holds that the late rebel States are in
the Union and under the shield of
the Constitution, which is the para?
mount law. To those candidates for
office who are opposed to the restora?
tion or reconstruction policy of the
Government he is opposed, and those
who are in favor of it he favors.
The Intelligencer also states that the
Democratic candidate for Governor
of Connecticut has had several cor?
dial and pleasant interviews with the
President, who appreciates the friend?
ship of Mr. English, and who, that
journal believes, would be highly
pleased to hear of Iiis success on the
first Monday in April.
FROM HAVANA.-Further advices
from Havana, by the steamer Man?
hattan, state that the numerous and
recent fires throughout the Island are
attributed, by one of the Havana
journals, to negro incendiaries.
The discovery of a plot on the part
of the slaveholders to destroy one ol
the Havana newspaper offices is re?
A Cuban gentleman, named Fran?
cisco de San Juan, who died recently,
left bis entire estate, valued at $400,
000, to a Spanish female school, witii
a provision in bis will that if thc
Spanish Government shall in anj
manner interfere with the legacy, il
shall revert to the United States Go
vernment. The Cubans are again ex
cited by rumors that Chilean priva
teers are off their coast, Among th<
late arrivals at Havana of ex-rebeb
from this country is Robert Toombs
of Georgia, who has been negotiating
for the purchase of a sugar estate
but it is said he could not raise tb?
necessary amount of funds. Toomb:
is reported as intending to settle ii
Mexico as soon as he is convincec
Maximilian's throne is on a firm basis
HARPER'S WEEKLY.-The Nationa
Intelligencer tbus rebukes this notori
0 us and mischievous publication
which, we regret to say, is expos?e
for sale at many points in the South
In a recent number of Harper''
Weekly, the humiliating confession i
flippantly made, that in previoui
editorial articles respecting a matte
no less important than the recen
veto message of the President, the;
had abused him on the suppositioi
that the message virtually abolishe<
the Freedmen's Bureau forthwith
and, further, that the sense of th
document was, that no national par
ticipation whatever in the care or pro
tection of freedmen was to be here
1 after countenanced.
We venture the opinion that it i
morally wrong to circulate so exten
ely a paper of such a grade c
editorial ability. If the suceess c
the Weekly is really so splendid, car
not the publishers afford to emplo
ONWARD MARCH OF THE CHOLERA
The United States Consul at La Rc
chelle, France, under date of Febrr
ary 20, informs the Department c
State that the cholera appears to t
moving along the Western coast (
France. . After appearing at Caen an
Brest, it has followed the sea-port:
and is now actually at the Sables c
Ouloune, within the consular distri
of La Rochelle. The Consul says thu
the winds are cold, and blow ince
sently from the North-east, as in 183!
accompanied by rain. From prese]
appearances it will sweep down tl
j coast via La Rochelle and Bordean
into Spain. The Consul recommeni
rigid quarantine measures from tho:
' THE NEW JOHNSON PARTY.-TJ
National Union Club have, throug
Hon. Green Clay Smith, chairmi
[pro lem, who has been a consiste
Republican, issued a call for tl
Union people, without regard to par
or location, to meet at the City Hi
in Washington, on Saturday nigl:
for the purpose of endorsing and si
faining President Johnson in 1
bold and determined purpose
maintain, in its purity, the Constit
tion of the United States against :
I Th? orange and jessamine trees
the vicinity of Mobile, Ala., wc
killed, and the fig crop destroyed I
a freeze last week.
A meeting was held in Pittsbiu
on Thursday last, to endorse t
policv of the President.
A special telegraph to the New
York News says:
At the Cabinet meeting, yesterday,
the civil rights bill was under discus?
sion, and the President is understood
to have expressed his intention to
i veto. Only six of the Southern Se
I nators elect are now here. Among
them, Messrs. Parsons, Sharkey and
Call. But they all say that not only
they, but also the people of the
South, ave unanimously opposed to
the insulting and degrading proposal
contained in Stewart's resolutions.
They are not disposed to have their
seats in Congress bought for them at
such a price.
It may satisfy public curiosity to
learn the reason why Clement C. Clay
is kept in durance at Fortress Mon?
roe. He is confined there on the
charge of advising and being acces?
sory to the raiding plots concocted in
Canada during the war. A consider?
able portion of his correspondence
on this subject is in the possession of
the Government, and some of it may
be published soon.
It is estimated by the Internal
Revenue Bureau that the proposed
change in the income clause of the
revenue law, exempting incomes
under one thousand dollars from tax?
ation, will affect the revenue to the
amount of $27,000,000; the repeal of
the tax on crude petroleum, about
$2,000,000; and the repeal of the tax
on articles in schedule A, such as
watches, carriages, &c, $1,500,000.
The Committee on Ways and
Means are disposed to adhere to the
loan bill in the form in which it was
recommitted to them. Many are
sanguine enough to believe that the
majority of the House will yet accept
it. Mr. Hooper stated, when he in?
troduced his bill as a substitute for
the Committee's bill, that it seemed
to embody the views of a large ma?
jority of the House. Should his bill
pass, the Secretary must make the
best of it, though it does not meet
his views, nor give him the additional
power he requires. He can, under
that bill, f und the maturing obliga?
tions of the Government, and may,
perhaps, effect some reduction of the
currency. It was necessary for the
success of the Secretary's policy that
his recommendation for a cessation of
interest on compound-interest notes
at maturity should be adopted. That
is refused. It was also necessary
that he should have the power to
make a foreign loan, if desirable, in
order to sustain the price of Govern?
ment bonds at home. That is also
refused.-Iota, in Baltimore Sun.
In the House, Mr. Laffin, of New
York, Chairman of the Printing
Committee, stated that the Govern?
ment uses one-thirteenth of all the
printing paper consumed in the
United States, and that the Govern?
ment expenditure for printing was
one-twelfth of the cost of all the
printing done in the Union-in fact,
that the United States is the greatest
printer in the world In conclusion,
he stated that the printing now or?
dered by Congress was eo great that
it would take one or two years to
execute it, or else the Government
printing establishment must be en
The correspondent of the Richmond
"The resolution of Senator Stewart
to provide for universal amnesty as
compensation for universal suffrage
excites much comment, and the
direct assertion has been mode that
eminent gentlemen in the South, oi
high official position, endorse these
views. The names of several, includ?
ing Messrs. Orr and Boyce, of South
Carolina; Reagan, of Texas, and
others, are published as favoring
Stewart's measures, when, in fact, it
is positively known here that these
gentlemen deprecate any such dis?
position of events. The President
alto is opposed to the adoption ol
any such policy, and there is no pro?
bability of the resolutions becoming
law unless the requisite two-thirds
vote to overrule an Executive veto
which failed in the only instance
where it was wanted-can be ob
tained. The resolution, however
has been put forward only as a sor
of feeler as to what the South think.1
j with regard to the matter."
i DESTRUCTIVE FIRES.-The Charl ? J
! ton News learns from passengers b^
the North-eastern Railroad that i
most destructive fire occurred in Dar
lington village, on Sunday morning
destroying a large part of the busi
ness portion of the town. Our co
temporaries-the Darlington Sou'h
erner and New Era-were destroyed
At Marion, on the same day, earl;
in the morning, some half dozei
buildings were consumed. Thes
fires are supposed to be the acts o
incendiaries, and the loss, at the pre
sent time, will fall very hard upoi
the communities of these villages.
MORE IMMIGRANTS.-We leam iron
the New York Herald, of the 19th
that a lecture in the Danish languag
was delivered, last night, at Dramati
Hall, in Houston Street, by Just Al
Caen, upon emigration to the South
who advises Scandinavian emigrant
to settle in the Southern States, am
there to form communities, as the
have done in the West.
If a nigger says he goes in for di
union, is ho a loyal Bigger, or a dit
Alt Knglish Opinion.
The London Times, of the 8th in?
stant, has the following strong article
concerning President Johnson and
It was said by thc great Athenian
orator that Providence always delibe?
rated better for the republic than the
republic deliberated for itself. The
same thing may be said with the
greatest truth of the United States of
America. In the heat and excitement
of civil war, in indignation for the
past, and apprehension for the future,
they assembled to elect their Chief
Magistrate. As usual on such occa?
sions, the popular choice fell on two
different men-the one to represent
the more moderate, the other the
more extreme section of the Repub?
lican party. The first was Abraham
Lincoln, a man of many amiable and
some noble qualities, who had, during
four years of the utmost difficulty,
lived down much obloquy and con?
ciliated much opposition; the second
was a man who had been apprenticed
in early life to a mechanical - ade,
who had learned to read after he had
ceased to be a boy, and who was re?
garded as the impersonation of the
most violent and revolutionary aspi?
rations of his party. The hand of an
assassin cut short the career of Abra?
ham Lincoln, and everybody looked
with anxiety to his successor. The
war was nominally over, but a task of
infinitely greater difficulty -than the
conduct of any war lay before the
new President. In America, it is
found necessary to counteract the
weakness of the Executive power by
giving it a fixed duration, and people
saw with dismay that the highest
office in the republic was vested for
four years in a man whom nobody
had intended for the place, and whose
qualifications, be they what they
might, were scarcely likely to be
equal to the difficulties which sur?
rounded him. The best man in
America was not too strong for the
herculean task which devolved on
Mr. Johnson. The man who closes a
revolution performs even a mightier
task than the man who begins or con?
ducts it. It was hard enough to say
what should be done between North
and South, and how the Union,
which such torrents of blood had
been shed to support, could be main?
tained. It was still harder to deal
with the black race, newly emanci?
pated from its fetters, and to prevent
those who had hitherto been slaves
from becoming paupers or brigands.
The foreign relations of the State
were in the utmost confusion; the
Fenians were Beeking to draw her
into a war with England, and tho
military leaders into a war with
It was under such conditions that,
just a year ago, Mr. Johnson acceded
to the Presidency. For one long
yeal* he has been content to balance
one party against another, and to
cherish hopes alternately on the part
of men rendered insolent and tyran?
nical by success, and sullen and in?
tractable by defeat. He had no
common enemies to contend with.
The Abolitionist party had triumphed
and were bent on pushing their vic?
tory to the limits of all that the con?
queror could inflict or the conquered
could suffer. Forgetting that the
war was mainly waged for the pre?
servation of the Union, they insisted
on placing the slaves on a perfect
political level with their former mas?
ters. They refused to admit the
South into the Union which had
been reconquered, and determined
to perpetuate their own power at the
expense, even, of the unity and the
liberty of the republic. At last Mr.
Johnson seems to think that the time
has arrived for abandoning all com?
promise. A meeting at Washington
had adopted resolutions approving
his policy, and he took the opportu?
nity of addressing to them such ?
speech as hus not often been hearc
in America-a speech entirely fret
from twardy ornament or ambitious
metaphor, but conveying the firmes:
determination and the most enlight
ened principles in the plainest ant
simplest language. The Union ht
was resolved should be preserved
He stood where he did at the com
mencement of the rebellion, to vin
dicate the Union and the Constitu
tion against disunionists from th?
North or the South. He fount
8,000,000 people condemned unde:
the law, but while he would punisl
tho leaders, he would extend to tin
masses leniency and confidence. On?
rebellion had succeeded another
War was made to prevent separation
Now, there was an attempt at a con
solidation of power in the hands of i
few, equally dangerous with separa
tion itself. Military power and pub
lie judgment had decided that nc
State shall leave the Union, and no\
people assume that they are outsidi
it, and shall not come in. Treasoi
in the South is over, and now thosi
who seek to prevent the restoratioi
of the Union are as much laboring ti
destroy the fundamental principle
of the Government as thpse wh
fought against it. Ho mentioned b;
name Messrs. Stevens, Sumner ant
Phillips, and declared that he wouli
neither be overawed by friends no
bullied by enemies. He was called
usurper; but his only usurpation Ava
standing between the people and th
encroaenments of power. He wa
threatened with being beheaded, an?
incitements even to assassinatioi
were employed. Were they no
satisfied with the blood already sited
Let his blood be shed if it must b
so; the blood of martyrs was th
seed of the church.
Suck language acquires a peculiar
significance when it is used by one
President, who declare* himself
threatened by a violent death, stand?
ing over the dead body of another.
No ono can, of course, estimate tho
degree of peril to which Mr. John?
son considers himself subject; but it
is, at least, significant of the violence
of the passions and the fierceness of
the animosities which tho civil war
has called forth, that we should find
the President even alluding to the
probability of his own violont death
m the same city where his predeces?
sor perished only a year before. We
cannot withhold our admiration from
the position taken up by Mr. John?
son, and the manly vigor with which
he maintains it. He dots not appear
to be gifted with much felicity or
fluency of language; but histnoughts
swell beyond his words, and give
them a weight and dignity scarcely
their own. He surely, if any man
ever did, occupies nobly and worthily
a great historic position. The desti?
nies of minions of the human race
depend upon him, and he rises fully
to the height of the occasion. Men
whose nerves are shaken by the holi?
day politics of such a country as ours
will stand aghast at the audacity with
which President Johnson confronts
his adversaries. They possess large
majorities in both Houses of Con?
gress. They wield, at their pleasure,
the committees to which are dele?
gated in America so many of the
functions here discharged by the
Executive Government. They are
supported by many States, by a host
of preachers, and by legions of un?
scrupulous fanatics. To all this the
President has nothing to oppose but
his veto, his patronage, the power of
conducting the Executive Govern?
ment, and his own firm spirit and in?
domitable resolution. Yet the duel
is not so unequal as might be sup
posed. The issue which ha? been so
long maturing is at last ready for
trial. The people of America must
now decide whether thc great civil
war they have waged was worth wag?
ing at all. They fought for the
Union, and now that they have ob?
tained it, a large party seems dis?
posed to reject the very object of the
contest. They appear to have no
choice between bringing back the
South into the institutions of the
country and holding it down by main
force. They incur the danger, on
the one hand, of being once more
governed by their vanquished ene?
mies, or, on the other, of having to
keep them in subjection. We do not
doubt that the President has decided
on the wiser course, and we wish him
all success in his mission of mercy
and justice. No man has ever strug?
gled in a nobler cause, and it is better
to fail in such an enterprise than to
succeed in a policy of tyranny, con?
fiscation and proscription.
AMENDMENTS TO THE UNITED STATES
CONSTITUTION.-The New York Posl
(Republican,) ridicules the number of
amendments proposed by Congress
to the Constitution, and very truly
Our Constitution is not a thing to
be brought into Congress and tossed
from hand to hand in a sort of con?
tempt for its imperfections, and
finally mended like an old shoe, with
a new heel and a new toe-piece, a
patch upon one side, and a patch on
the other. We fought the rebel
States, which had thrown off its au?
thority; we poured out our blood like
water in its defence; we mortgaged
the revenues of long prosperous
years to come t hat we might reduce
the insurgents nuder its dominion;
we eulogized it through the four
years of that cruel war as a frame of
government which had never been
felt by the rebel States and their
population, save in the benefits it
conferred, and we brought the insur?
gents back by persevering efforts and
immense sacrifices to their allegiance.
It does not become us now to treat
this venerable instrument as if it
were the work of sciolists, a thing yet
to be licked into shape, and upon
which every man who happens to be
returned to Congress is invited to try
TRIBUTE TO THE GALLANTRY OP
CONFEDERATES.-Gen. Hooker, in
his testimony before the Committee
of Congress, on the conduct of the
var, pays the following tribute to
the Confederate troops: "Our artil?
lery had always been superior to that
of the Confederates, as was also our
infantry, except in discipline, and
that, for reasons not necessary to
mention, never did equal Lee's
army. With a rank and file vastly
inferior to our own, intellectually
and physically, Gen. Lee's army has,
by discipline alone, acquired a
character for steadiness and efficiency
unsurpassed, in my judgment, in
ancient or modern times. We have
never been able to rival it." Gen.
Meade speaks of the "brave and
gallant advance" of the Confederate:,
at Gettysburg. Hancock talks ol
their "wonderful spirit-nothing
could have been more spirited"-and
Gen. Pleasanton, describing the dis?
graceful running away of the lltli
army corps at Chancellorsville, ac?
counts for it by "the combined
effect upon the imagination of thc
sound of musketry, the yells of thc
Confederates and their increasing ar?
tillery fire. It was a theatrical eifeel
Stonewall Jacksou could produce
better than any other man 1 have
seen on the field of battle. Yon
could tell one of his attacks any.
where-and the turn of the battle
was Stonewall Jackson's death.'V
Wc arc authorized to state that Clark
Waring, Esq., declines the nomination for
CASU.-Our terms for subscription, ad?
vertising and job work are cash. We hop?
all parties will bear this in mind.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER_Th? regular
publication of this paper will be postponed
a few weeks. Persons desirous of sub?
scribing, will please forward the money at
once. Terms $4 a year.
THE BUUNINO OF COLUMBLV.-Au inter?
esting account ol the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of tho City of Columbia, S. C.," h?H
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Phoenix steam power prens. Orders
can be filled to any extent.
THE WEATHEH.-Yesterday morning pro?
voked some sad forebodings of destroyed
fruit and injured vegetables. About 9
o'clock, it made a faint effort to snow, but
for a short time we had a sleet fall. In
time, before 2 o'clock, the skies cleared off,
and it is to be hoped that this sudden
cho'.igc in thc weather will not result in a
killing frost. At the time of writing min
paragraph, 5 p. m., we are incUned to be?
lieve there will be no frost to kill vegeta?
tion or injure fruit. We hope it will turn
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
Capt. Holcombe- Clerk Wanted.
Nomination fer Mayor and Aldermen.
H. White-Charleston Hotel.
A Traveler-Beware of Imposition.
H. Simmons-Bakery, fie.
Wm. Simons-To Debtors and Creditors.
Richard Caldwell-Breakfast Bacon, Ac.
" " -Kerosene Oil.
Mectiug of Israelites.
Dr. C. H. Miot-Removal.
P. Cantwell-Kerosene Oil.
M. Thier?' Speech-Prance and Pru!.
sia-The state of Europe. \
The speech of M. Thiers in the \
French Legislative Chamber is a
sharp examination of the Emperors
position in relation to freedom in
France. In the speech from the
throne, it will be remembered, he told
the nation how free it was, in a few
phrases that sparkled on the surface,
but that would not bear discussion.
He had lauded the prosperity of his
own reign, the quiet of France, and
the happiness of a nation, whose
Executive cannot be hampered in his
acts by the representatives of the
people. M. Thiers finds that these
things on which the nation is congra?
tulated are the dangers which menace
its peace, and the evils which obstruct
its progress. He supposes that even
an inferior Constitution which is the
choice of the people may be more con?
sistent with freedom than a very good
one given by an Emperor, which per?
mits the Emperor to override the will
of the people. He cites an awkward
instance of the danger of the Consti?
tution that the Emperor praises in
the case of the first Napoleon. That
great man saw nothing but confusion
in the Constitution prepared by the
Abbe Sieyes, and gave France what
he thought a better one. But his
own Constitution "allowed thornier
to engage in a career marked by
names of painful memory-Moscow,
Leipsic, Waterloo, and worst of all,
Helena." Therefore, it was a great
evil to France; and possibly other
Constitutions, given to the country
against its will, may not have a dis?
similar history. Despite the Em?
peror's flattery, M. Thiers flatly tells
France that she is not free, beca ?se
in a free country "nothing is done
but what the nation desires." She is
Qot free, because she is not arbiter of
lier own destiny.
Sharp as this speech is, it is yet
nore remarkable for what it indicates
than for what it says. Fenianism, we
lave often declared, is less important
:o the world for what it will accom?
plish in Ireland, than for the effect if*
viii have in again awakening in Eu
:ope the suppressed, but not extin?
guished, spirit of republican freedom.
Appearances at present are against
lie success of an isolated struggle in
[reland; but Ireland seems destined
;o be the means of lighting up Eu?
rope. Ireland, nearer to us in sym?
pathy than any other land, has felt in
1er veins the full influence of the
rreat war waged by our people for
ree institutions; and, unable to uso
t for her own good, she will commu
licate it to the people of Europe,
eady to receive it, and more likely to
>enelit by following the grand ex
unple. Europe is uneasy. In Ger
nany and France freedom has been
ulled to an unquiet slumbev. It is
.n indication-in this respect, that the
peech of M. Thiers is most signiti
ant. M. Thiers, in all his career,
ras never more in sympathy with the
?est and most earnest sentiments of
he French people than he is now. A
uan of the people by origin, he has
?een identified on the popular side
ri th the great movements in France,
nd his antecedents of this nature
;ive double weight to the word " e
Letters from the East Indies, repre
ent the cotton trade greatly ??preased
luring the last year, over the previous
ne. The receipts from the ..various
ndian provinces amounted to 40,000
lales, three times the amount of the
devious year. JjL ^
The young men of New xwk took
he initiatory step, on Tuesday, to?
wards the formation of what will be a
eries of organizations in s??v>ort of
be restoration policy of Prudent