Newspaper Page Text
Sunday Morning, April 1, 1866.
The Connecticut Election.
From our Northern exchanges, we
perceive that this election, which takes
placo to-morrow, is regarded as one
of the most important which lias
taken place since the close of the war.
In a special despatch to the New
York World, we see that the Presi?
dent has fully defined his position in
regard to the election, and no one
will now be at a loss to know which
candidate has bis sympathies. In re?
ply to a telegram which he received
from the East, be uses this plain and
unequivocal language: "In reference
to the elections in Connecticut or
elsewhere, I am for the candidate who
is for the general policy and the spe?
cific measures promulgated in my
annual message, veto message, speech
of 22d of February, and the veto
message sent in to-day. There can
be no mistake in this, I presume. It I
is known, or can be ascertained, what
candidates favor or oppose my pobcy
or measures as promulgated to the
country." In relation to this elec?
tion, Gen. Hawley, the radical candi?
date for Governor, posted off to
Washington, and had the assurance
to go to the President and solicit bis
aid. His friends pnblished an ac?
count of the interview-an account
garbled in accommodation to their
purposes, in which the little truth
that was stated was made to do the
work of falsehood, by disjunction
from the more important and perti?
nent truth that was suppressed.
Messrs. Burr and Ingersoll, friends of
Mr. English, suspecting the deceit,
obtained an interview with the Presi?
dent, and procured from him an au?
thentic statement of what bo actually
said. We find in the Hartford Times
their truthful account :
To ike Electors of Connecticut:
The undersigned were introduced
^^to Presid^fiSu^Johnson on Friday even
||fcitg^i&e 23d inst., by Gen. Rousseau,
Kember of Congress from Ken
Bp"y> aQd a personal friend of the
^^^P|esident, who bad previonsly as?
sured us that the President, in view
of the success of his restoration
policy, so vital to the welfare of the
Union, desired the election of the
Hon. James E. English in Connecti?
cut. Gen. Rousseau remained with
Us during our interview with the Pre?
We F.tated to the President that we
had called to ascertain 1-eyond ques?
tion or doubt the position which he
took in a late conversation with Gen.
mm Hawley and Messrs. Owen and Gris?
ts j wold, of Connecticut, a report of
I which had been published, and which
' we believed did not fully represent
the President's sentiments as ex
: pressed upon that occasion.
L He said he had no views to conceal
" -that the preseD* crisis demanded
frank avowals, and he had publicly
made them; he hoped there would be
no deception practiced upon the peo?
We read to him the despatch of
Messrs. Owen and Griswold to the
Republican meeting in Hartford. He
* expressed surprise that the gentlemen
hud omitted an essential part of his
remarks. He said he did stand upon
the principles of the Baltimore plat?
form, the object of which was to re?
store the Union, and that was his
object now. He did desire the suc?
cess of the Union party.
We then said, it is claimed in Con?
necticut that when you say you desire
the success of "the Union party,"
you desire the election of Gen. Haw?
ley, as the party that supports him
calls itself "the Union party. "
He replied that h;? meant by the
Union party, at this time, the party
which supports his Union restoration
policy, whoever ikey may be, and no
others. He did not consider those
who opposed his policy as belonging
to the Union party. There should be
no misrepresentation in this matter;
he considered that the welfare of the
Union depended upon the success ol
his restoration policy.
The President then remarked thal
Messrs. Owen and Griswold should
have reported him as saying that he
was the friend of those who support
ed his policy, and the opponent ol
those who oppose it. The question,
said he, of my restoration policy ii
now the paramount question, and al
who oppose it aro my opponents.
We assured the President that i
those gentlemen had so t?l?graphe*:
his remarks, we should not have beei
here this evening.
Tue President then said: "Th
principles of my restoratien policy
are fundamental, iso man can ap
prove of my policy and that of Con
gress at the same time. That is im
possible. In New Hampshire, it wa
claimed that both policies were sup
ported, which, of course, could no
be; but after the election, it wa
claimed that a radical victory ha(
been achieved." Ho trusted tlie poo
plo would not now be deceive*.
We then handed to tb;e Presiden
tbjeresignation of Postmaster Cleve
liff Hc tjflkUlie leiEl ?S^-L1
Clevelau d's late speech, at Hartford.
It is a good speech. He takes the
right ground." He then read Mr.
Cleveland's letter again, and in our
presence signed upon the back of it
his approval of Mr. Cleveland's
course, and, cabling his secretary, re?
quested him to put it in an official
envelop and to direct it to Mr. Cleve?
land, which having been done, the
President returned it to us, unsealed.
Our interview was exceedingly plea
sanc aud eu iii ely satisfactory to us,
and we so expressed ourselves to the
President on taking leave ?f him.
A. E. BURR,
C. M. INGERSOLL.
March 24, 1866.
President Johnson desires the suc?
cess of the Union party; but he does
not recognize, as belonging to the
Union party, any who oppose his
restoration policy; while he includes
in it all, whoever they may be, who
give that policy a sincere support.
He regards the success of his policy
as the paramount concern; he desires
the success of whatever party sustains
Gen. Robert K. Lee.
We give up much of our space, this
morning, to the testimony given be?
fore the Reconstruction Committee
by the heroic leader of the late Con?
federate armies. General Lee, pre?
facing his statements by the qualify?
ing explanation that, since the close
of the war, he has lived much in re?
tirement and has not mixed with
the politicians, gives evidence mainly
of a negative character. He declares
that, so far as his knowledge extends,
nothing like a sentiment of hostility
to the United States Government ex?
ists in Virginia; that there are no
combinations or conspiracies having
that end in view; that the people,
though disappointed and saddened by
the result of the war, accept that re?
sult submissively, and are only look
ingjaow to their material interests,
and that the surest and speediest
means of reconciling the people to
the Government and making them
its cordial supporters is, to extend to
them equal political rights with the
people of the other States. As to the
negroes, he expressed tho belief,
which he says he has always enter?
tained, that the State would be much
j better without them, and he repu?
diated the idea that crue" Les were
purposely inflicted on Federal pri?
soners of war. With regard to the
outbreak of the war, ho re-asserts bis
opin?i n that the appeal to the sword
was .rought about by the action of
the politicians of both sections, and
that, had the great mass of the peo?
ple understood tho situation, they
would have avoided it.
The testimony of the members of
the Virginia Legislature, who had
come as a delegation to President
Johnson, was also important aud in?
teresting. They concur in opinion as
to thr complete absence of any feel?
ing looking to a renewal of the con?
test with the Government. The ques?
tion of secession, they say, was set?
tled by the sword, and the people are
content to abide by the decision, and
to live henceforth faithful citizens of
the republic. They represent the
feeling of the people at large and of
themselves as unalterably opposed to
the idea of extending political rights
to negroes. General Lee's testimony
will be read with In.terest by all who
appreciate truth and candor.
MB. JOHNSON AND MK. DANA.-A
Washington letter to the Cincinnati
Commercial, an Administration paper,
states that the way Mr. Charles A.
Danu s letter to the President came
to he. published was as follows:
The editor of the Washington Re?
publican, in conversation with the
President, remarked that it was
strange to him that Dana shonld be
so strong in his opposition and so
venomous in his denunciation of Mr.
Johnson. '"You must be mistaken
about that," said the President; "I
never read that paper, but Mr. Dana
is a friend of mine, and endorses all
I have done about reconstruction."
To convince him to the contrary, an
? I ill-tempered and vituperative article
* from tho Chicago Republican was
I shown to his Excellency. "That's
! strange," said the President, tapping
j I one of the little bells that, according
* i to Mr. Seward, have such wonderf ul
II power over the fate of individuals.
I A messenger entered tho Executive
sanctum, and said Mr. Johnson,
"Tell-to send me a letter from
Mr. Dana, applying for the New York
Collectorship. " The missive was pro
" j duced and read. The President
9 i smiled. "Isn't that funny?" said he;
* I and the next day, the country was
* j informed by telegraph why tho im
s ! maculate Dana didn't like the Presi?
At the recent term of court for An?
derson District, J. W. Brooks was
found guilty, and recommended to
TIIMMT fr\y ] i r,%-ti**-ttf^n li TI ry ??i ?s ri ni
Gen. Lee's Testimony.
On the 17th of February last, Gen. Ro?
bert E. Leo appeared before the Recon?
struction Committee of Congress. As a
matter of interest, wc publish the exami?
nation in full:
By Senator Howard-Where is your pre?
sent residonce? Answer. Lexington, Vir
?finia. Question. How long have you
>een in Lexington? A. Since tho first of
October last; nearly five months. Q. Aro
you acquainted with the state of feeling
among what we call Secessionists, at
present, in Virginia, towarri tho FerW?!
Government? A. I do not know that I am.
I have been living very retired, and have
had but little communication with politi?
cians. I know nothing more than from my
observations and from such facts as have
come to mv knowledge. Q. What is your
opinion, from observation, among the se?
cession people of that State, of the feeling
towards this Government at this time.
A. So far as came to my knowledge, I do
not know of a single person who either
faels or contemplates any resistance to the
Government of tho United States, or, in?
deed, any opposition to it. No word has
reached me of either purpose. Q. From
what you have observed, is it your opinion
that they aro friendly towards the Go?
vernment, and tliat they will co-operate to
sustain and uphold it in the future? A. I
belicvo they entirely acquiesce in tho Go?
vernment, and, so far as I have heard any
ono express an opinion, they are for co?
operating with President Johnson in his
policy. Q. In his policy in regard to what?
A. His policy in regard to the restoration
of the whole country. I havo heard per?
sons with whom I havo conversed, exprgss
great confidence in the wisdom of his po?
licy of restoration, and they seem to look
forward to it as a hope of restoration. Q.
How do they feel in regard to that portion
of the people of the United St ates who have
been forward and zealous in the prosecu?
tion of tho war against rebellion? A. Well,
I do not know. I have heard nobody ex?
press any opinion in regard to it. As I
said before, I have not had much commu?
nication with politicians in the country, if
there are any. Every ono seems to be en?
gaged in his own affairs, and in endeavor?
ing to restore the civil Government of the
State. I have heard no expression of sen?
timent towards any particular portion of
the country. Q. How do the secessionists
feel in regard to the payment of the Fede?
ral debt? A. I have never heard any one
Bpeak on tho subject. I suppose they
must expect to pay the taxes levied by the
Government. I have heard them speak in
reference to the payment of taxes, and of
their efforts to raise money therefor,
^bich I suppose is for their share of tho
debt. 1 have never heard any one speak
in opposition to tho payment of taxes or of
resistance to their payment; their whole
effort has been to try and raise money to
pay the taxes. Q. From your opinion and
knowledge of the people ot Virginia, would
they, if the question was left to them, re?
pudiate and reject that debt? A. I never
heard any one spca.:: on that subiect, but
from my knowledge of the people, I be?
lieve that they would be in favor of the
payment of alf just debts. Q. Do they, in
your opinion, regard that as a just debt?
A. I do not know what their opinion is on
that subject. I have never heard any opi?
nion expressed contrary to it. Indeed, as
I said in the beginning, I have had very
little discussion or intercourse with the
people. I believe tho people would pay
tho debts they aro called on to pay. I say
that from my knowledge of the people
generally. Q. Would they pay that debt, or
their portion of it, with as much alacrity as
people ordinarily pay their taxes to their
Government? ?. I "do not know that they
would make any distinction between the
two. The taxes laid by the Government,
so far as I know, they are prepared to pay to
the best of their ability. I never heard them
make any distinction." Q. What is the feel?
ing of the people of Virginia towards the
payment of the so-called Confederate debt?
A. I believe, so far as my opinions go-and
I have no facts to go upon-they would bc
willing to pay that, too. Q. You think they
would? A. I think they would, if they hac"
the power and ability to do so. I havenovei
heard any one in the State with whom 1
have conversed speak of repudiating anj
debt. Q. I suppose tho Confederate debt
is valueless, oven in the market in Vir
finia? A. Entirely, so far as I know. ]
elieve the people look upon it as lost en
tirely. I never heard any question on th<
subject. Q. Do you recollect when thi
Confederate *oonds were made payable
A. I have a general recollection that the]
were made payable six months after a de"
claration of peace. Q. Six months after ?.
ratification of peace between the Unite?
States and the Confederate Government
A. I think they ran that way. Q. So tha
tho bonds are not due yet by their terms
A. I suppose, unless it is considered tha
there is peace now, they are not due. Q
How co the people of the State of Virgi
nia, the secessionists particularly, feel to
wards the freedmen ? A. Every one wit!
whom I have associated expresses kim
feelings towards the freedmen. They wisi
to see them get on in the world, particu
larly to take up some occupation for a kv
ing, and to turn their hands to some worl
I know that efforts have been made arnon
the farmers, near where I live, to indue
them to engage for the voar at regula
wages. Q. Do you think there is a willing
ness on the part of their old masters t
five them fair wages for their labor ? A
believe it is so. The farmers generali
prefer those servants who have been Irvin
with them before. I have heard them ei
press their preference for the men whoi
they knew, who had lived with them b(
fore, and their wish to get them to retur
to work. I am not aware of any combina
tion among the whites to keep down th
wages of the blacks. I havo heard that, i
several Counties, land-owners have mot, i
order to establisn a uniform rate of wagei
but I never heard of any combination t
keep down wages, or establish a rate whic
they did not think fair. The means of pa;
ing wages, itt Virginia, are very limite
now, and there is a difference of opinion i
to how much each person is able to pa;
Q. How do they feel in regard to tho edi
cation of tho blacks ? Is there a goner
willingness or unwillingness to have the
educated? A. Where 1 have been the pe
plc have exhibited a willingness that tl
blacks should be. educated, und they e
press an opinion that that would be bett'
for tho blacks and better for tho white
Q. General, you are very competent
judge of tho "capacity of a black man
acquire knowledge. I want youl I>?J?U?I
on that capacity as compared with tho c
pacitv of white" men. A. I do not kin
that 1 am so particularly qualified to spei
on that subject as you seem to intimal
but I do not think he is as capable of n
quiring knowledge as tho white man :
There are some more apt than others,
have known some t<> gain knowledge ai
skill in their trade or profession. I ha
i had servants of mv own who learned
I read and write verv well. Q. Do th
! show a capacity to obtain a knowledgo
I mathematics and the exact sciences ?
j I havo no knowledgo on that subject.
1 am merely acquainted with those w
have learned the common rudimei
of education. G,^, General, aro y
aware of anycontfbination cxisti
ainong^tJU* jj**/ ?f "F-hginia, any win
Wherever I have been, they have been
quiet and orderly; not disposed to work,
or, rather, not disposed to any continuous
engagement to work, but just very short
jobs to pr?vido them with the immediate
means of subsistence. Q. Has the colored
race geueraii\ as much love for money and
property as the white race? A. I do not
think it has. The blacks whom I know
look more to the present than to the fu?
ture. Q. Does that absence of a lust of
money arise moro from tho nature of tho
negro than from his former servile condi?
tion? A. Well, it may bo in somo measure
attributed to his former condition. They
their case and comfort, and, ? think*, look
more to their present than their future
condition. Q. In the event of a war be?
tween thc United States and any foreign
power, such as England or France, if there
should be held out to the secession portion
of the people of Virginia, or the other re?
cently rebel States, a fair prospect of gain?
ing their independence and shaking off the
Government of tho United States, is it or
is it not your opinion that they would avail
themselves of that opportunity ? A. I can?
not speak with any certainty on that point.
I do not know how far they might be ac?
tuated by their feelings. I have nothing
whatever to base an opinion upon. So far
as I know, they contemplate nothing of the
kind now. What may happen in the future
I cannot say. Q. Do you not frequently
hear, in your intercourse with secession?
ists, in Virginia, expressions of a hope that
such a war may break ont? A. I cannot
say that I have heard it. On the contrary,
Ibnve heard person.!-I do not know whe?
ther vou could call them secessionists or
not, i mean those people in Virginia with
whom I associate-express a hope that the
country may not be led iuto a war. Q. In
such an event, do you not think that that
class of people whom I call secessionists
would join tho common euemy? A. It is
possible. It depends upon the feeling of
the individual. Q. If it is a fair question
you may answer it or not, as you choose
what, in such an event, might be your own
choice? A. 1 have no disposition, now, to
do it, and I never have had. Q. And you
cannot foresee that such would be your in?
clination, in such an event? A. No. I can
only judge from the past; I do not know
what circumstances may produce; I can?
not pretend to foresee events. So far as I
know, the wish of the people of Virginia is
for peace. Q. During the war, was it not
contemplated by the Government of the
Confederate States to form an rdlianco with
some foreign nation, if possible? A. I be?
lieve it was their wish to do so. lt was
Uieir wish to have the Confederate Govern
in nt recognized as an independent Go?
vernment. I have no doubt if it could
have made favorable treaties it would
have done so. But I knew nothing
of the policy of the Government. I
had no hand or part in it; I merely
express my own opinion. Q. Tho ques?
tion I am about to put to you, vou
may answer or not, as you choose. Did
you take an oath of lidehty or allegiance to
the Confederate Government? A. I do not
recollect having done so, but it is possible,
when I was commissioned, I did. I do not
recollect whether it was required. If it
was required, I took it, or if it had been
required I would have takeu it; but I do
not recollect whether it was or not.
By Mr. Blow.-Q. In reference to the
effect of President Johnson's policy, if it
were adopted, would there be anything
like a return of the old feeling? I ask that,
because you used the expression, "acqui?
escing in the i-esult." A. I believe it would
take time for the feelings 'if the peoplo to
be of that cordial nature to the Govern?
ment that they were formerly. Q. Do vou
think that their preference for that policy
arises from a desire to have good feelinsr
and peace in the country, or from the pr<
bability of their regaining political powf
A. So far as I know, the desire of t.. J
people of the South, it is for the restora?
tion of their civil government, and they
look upon tho policy of President Johnson
as the one which would most clearly and
most surely re-establish it. Q. Do you soc
any change in referenco to tho poorer
people of Virginia as regards industrv?
Are they as much, or moro interested In
developing their material interests than
they were? A. I have not observed any
change. Every one now has to attond to
his business for his support. Q. The
poor classes are generally hard at work,
aro they? A. So far as I know, they are; I
know nothing to the contrary; I have no?
ticed no change in their relations to the
colored people; so far as I know, the feel?
ings of all of the people of Virginia are
kind to the colored people; I have never
heard any blame attributed to them as to
tho present condition of things or any re?
sponsibility. Q. Cau capitalists and work?
ing-men from the North go into Virginia
and go to work among the people? A. 1
do not know anything t< prevent them;
their peace and "pleasure tnere would de?
pend very much on their conduct; if they
confined themselves to their own business,
and did not interfere to provoke controver?
sies with then- neighbors, I do not believe
they would be molested; there is no desire
to keep out labor and capital; on the con?
trary, they are very anxious to get laboi
and capital into tho State; the manner ir.
which they would bo received (as I said
before) would depend entirely on the indi?
viduals; they might make themselves ob?
noxious, as we eau understand.
By Mr. Howard.-Q. Is there not a genera!
dislike of Northern men among secession?
ists? A. I suppose they would prefer not
to associato with them. I do not knon
that they would select them as associates.
Q. Dt> they avoiu and ostracise them so?
cially? A." They might avoid them. TheJ
wouid not select them as associates, unless
there was some reason. I do not knov
that they would associate until they be?
came acquainted. .1 think it probable thal
they would not admit them into their socia
By Mr. Blow.-y. Do you think the coloree
persons would rather work for a Northen
than a Southern man? A. 1 think it ven
probable ihat they would prefer tho North"
ern man, although 1 have no facts,
know of numbers of the black?, engaging
with their old masters, and 1 k\u>w of i
good many who prefer to go otf ?Vd loo]
for new homes. "Whether it is froiWu;
dislike tf> their former masters, or froki
desire to change, or that they feel moa
freo and independent, I do not know. Q
j What is your opinion in regard to the ma
; terial interests of Virginia -do you thin
they will bo equirl to what they were befor
the"rebellion under tho changed aspect o
affairs? A. It will take* a long time fo
them to reach their former standard,
think that after the lapse of somo ycart
I they will reach it. I hope they will excee
1 it-but it can't be immediately, in m
'opinion. It will take a number of yean
1 Q. On the whole, is the condition of thing
j in Virginia hopeful, both in regard to it
j material interests and tho future peaco c
the count ry? A. I have heard great hop
expressed, and great cheerfulness and wi
1 hngness to labor. l?. Suppose that th
! policy of President Johnson should be :v
! you "anticipate, and that you should al.
j "realize all that you expect in tho improvi
ment of your material interests, do yo
I think that the result of that will be th
! gradual restoration rf tho old feeling? 1
\ That would be the natural result, 1 thinl
[ and I can see no other way in which thi
iVesult can be brought about? Q. There ;
l'a fear in the public mind, that thc friend
of the policy in thc Soute adopt it, becaus
in. i ???sutil ?. mi B?iMf -aaJ
contest. Do yon think that that is the !
main idea with them, or that they merely
took to it, a? you nay, a? the best means of
restoring tho civil government and the
peace anti prosperity of their respective
States? A. As to tho fir.it point von make
I do not think that I ever heard any ..or?
son speak upon it. I never heard the
points separated. I have heard then,
speak generally as to the effect of the
policy of President Johnson. The feelinc
so far as I know, now i?, that there is not
that equality extended to the Southern
States as is enjoyed by the North. Q. Yon
do not feel down there that while you -c
cept thc result wo are as generous *n ^
ought to bo under the circ*ja*al?C08? .V. ,"
Thev t hink that thc North ,n afford to ho !
generous. Q. That is th feeling down |
there? A. Yes; and they link it is the j
best policy-those who refht on the sub- | c*
ject and are able to judge Q. I under- t
stood it to be your opinion tat generosity ?
and liberality" towards theintiro South
would be the surest meanspf regaining ;1
their good opinion? A. \*s, and the ;.
speediest. Q. I understood you to say,
generally, that you had no ?aprehensi?n
o' any combination among thu leading se- j (
ce8sionist8 to renew the war ^anything of j
tho kind? A. I have no Aon in tho j:
world to think so. Q. Have Jjfe heard that
subject talked over among ^^politicians?
A. No, sir. 1 have not. I wWt not heard
that matter suggested. (JSBH mo put
another hypothetical case^^Bp]. the
Executive of thc United SMB| should bo
tilled by a President, who, uHH'Hiehana n,
rejected tiro right of cocrcMfiso-called,
and suppose a Congress shdj^R xist here
entertaining tho same politl^Hopinions,
thus presenting to thc once fH}'l States
thc opportunity to again "??frcm th<- j
Union, would tlicy or iiot, in >qK opinion,
avail themselves" of that opprJHnity, or
some of them? A. I suppose ifHLuld de- '
pend upon the circumstances cx?Nkiig at |
the timo. If their feelings should renia m
embittered, and their aftections alienated j
from the rest of the States, I think it very I
probable they might do so, provided they I
thought it was to their interest. I do not I
know that there is a deep-seated feeling of !
dislike towards the Government. I think j
it probable some animosity may exist !
among some of thc people. 1 think at the '
same time, that they were disappointed as I
to the result of tho war. I know of no '
condition of discontent against tba Go j
vernment among the secessionists. I be?
lieve that tho people will perform towards
the Government all of the duties they are
required to perform. I think that is the
general feeling. Q. Do you think it would
be practicable to convict a man in Virginia
of treason for having taken part in this re?
bebi?:! against the Government by a Vir?
ginia jury, without packing it with diroct
reference to a verdict of guilty? A. On
that point I have no knowledge, and I do
not know what they would consider trca- j
son against thc Government, if you mean
Mr. Howard -Yes, sir.
Gen. Lee-I have no knowledge as to
what their views on that subject in tho
past are. Q. You understand my question.
Suppose a jury was empanelled in your
own neighborhood, taken by lot, would it
be pra-cticable to convict, for instance,
Jefferson Davis, for having levied war on
the United States, and thus having com?
mitted the crime of treason? A. I think it
would be very probable that they would not
consider he had committed treason. I do
not know whether a jury would heed the
instructions of the court to convict the
offender. Q. They do not generally sup
pof e that it was treason against the Go?
vernment, do they? A. I do not think that
they do so consider it. So far as I know,
they look upon the actiou of a State in
withdrawing from the Government as car?
rying the individuals in it along with it;
that the State waB responsible for the act \
and not the individual. I am now referring ]
to the past. Q. State, if you please-and .
if you arc disinclined, you need not an?
swer the question-what your own per?
sonal views on that subject were. A. That
was my view; that the act of Virginia, in '
withdrawing herself from the Union, car- .'
ried me along as a citizen of Virginia, and
that her laws and her acts were binding
on me. Q. And that you feel it to bo your
justification in taking the course yon did?
A. Yes, sir. Q. I have been told, "General,
that you have remarked to some of your :
friends, in conversation, that you were :
rather wheedled or cheated in that course ,
by politicians? A. I do not recollect ever .
making that remark. I do not tnink I j.
ever made it. Q. JA- there -?>c any other j '
matter about which you wish to speak, clo ' j
so freely. A^Only in reference to that I.
last question you put to me. I may have I
said, and I may have believed, that the I '
Eosition of the two sections wnich they t '
eld to each other was brought about by i
the politicians of tho country-that the
great masses of the people, if they under- .
stood the real question, would have avoid?
ed it; but not that I had been individually .
wheedled by the politicians. But I did be?
lieve, al the time, that it was an unneces- ;
sary condition of affairs, and might have j !
been avoided, if forbearance and wisdom j
had been practiced on both sides.
Gen. Lee then closed his evidence in >
stating (in reply to questions) that the
people of the South would not like the pro?
posed Constitutional amendment; that he
was not aware of anv cruelties to Federal ?
prisoners at Bello Isfe, though aware that !
they suffered many privations. He had no
control or command whatever over the
prisoners' depot, and did not know who
commanded at Andersonville until he saw
it in the papers. ?
AFFECTING SCENE.-On Tuesday :
night an affecting scene occurred at |
Dowling Hall, Terre Haute. Mc- ;
Kean Buchanan, with his daughter,
Miss Virginia Buchanan, have been
playing there for a short time, and on
that evening the play of Hamlet was j
to beprosented, Miss Virginia appear?
ing as Ophelia. On the fall of the j
curtain in the second act, after the j
audience hud been kept waiting some :
fifteen minutes, it was announced that
in consequence of the dangerous ill?
ness of her mother. Miss Virginia
^.ould not appear, and if the play was
Ito tinned, tho part of Ophelia would,
oB?tecessity, have to be omitted. The ;
audmaee, if not satisfied, wore grant?
ed pSnSyssion to take their money .
and returajj?bu? the unanimous voice
was "go onr^L Tho curtain rose and
Hamlet oomnV&iced his soliloquy, I
"To bo or nov to be." But Mr.
Buchanan had not proceeded through
half a dozen lintis whoa his faltering
voice broke, and falling into a chair,
he exclaimed-"My wife is flying-,
tako your money-I cannot play '." and
the audience slowly and sadlvwspers
Despatches from San Fran]
record that the shock of an
quake, more severe than any
enced since the memorable^
last October, was felt onj
ult. on the Pivci?o coast.
Xiooal Items. /
Mortgages and Conveyances ut Kn^Sj
tn!??. f.J? "alejit this office.
CvsaJLour terms tor subscription, ad
^ertisifcg aivi job work areeash. We Viojw
a'l parVioH will bear t^his in miie'i.
'Inr. ? \V KKK I .Y GLEAM!'!-- Th? regular
Pu*AKcation ul tins naper will lie postponed
?*ofn?w ?eeks PerBons iVnirmw ot ?ub
KV. [', ",f*~1pQfip <>tmm??v<\ tin nioiiev Ht
Tin. i . or Coi.i MHU. '-'^SB^^,,
sting accnuii; ot thi-"SacU aial
iou of the City of Columbia, S C.,*' h^ ^fl
ust been issued, in pamphlet, form, from ?
he Plutnu. steam power pres* indent J
?an be tilled to any extent.
UF.LIGIOI s SERVICES THIS DA..- Trinity
Church hi v. 1'. .1. Sha,ul, 10. a. m. and
JA p. m.
Presbyterian Church Kuv. (H-o. How?,
104 a. m. and :U p. m.
Baptist Church -Rev..!. li. Iteynolds, Wi
a. m. Rev. Wm. Martin. \\\ r. in?
st. Peter's Church-Rev. J. J. O'Connell,
10k a. m. and 3? p. m.
Lutheran Church-Rev. A. B. Rude, 10*.
a. m. ^
Christ Church Lecture Boom- Rev. fa??
Pringle. 10? a. m. and 3.V p. m. ^
Marion Street Church -Rev. K-TkOage,
lOi a. m. and 3? p. m. \
NEW AI.VERTTSEMKSTS. -Attentionl-^^
. ? to the following advertisements, wW<W|
Mare published this morning for th? J
barnes C. Janney- -Liatof LettJ?' M
(?\R. Brvee-Declination. _ Mm
y j>. Hope-Mackerel, <*c
Symmers & Berry ^^g^^^tW^^^^
k isher & Lowrance-5SvGoods. ^-*---"fl
Talley & Burdell-Exchange Brokers. J
Baumann & Brill-Dfssolution. M
Dial ?t Pope-Packing. fl
Winnsboro Female Seminary. fl
John C. Seegers-Clu?ese, .V.c.
Nomination for Mayor and Aldermen-B
James K. Friday-Declination. WM
John Fanning-Cream .Vie. WM
I. Grieshaber-New Restaurant, flf
Huffman & Price-House to Rent, 49
CATCHING A TAKTAM.- Neglect your 4flj ?ll
and you will soon catch a tartar ?lfl
Manipulate them ii.lily with that rare^fij i
table compound. iSozodont, and I1(SB
tartar nor cankrrl or any dental di^H| " s
can ever infect c^Vt-\n either thjH '
the red cushioi/ ^Jafc"'1-!1 tncT fl
serted. .-? MWWM. MB
COTTON IN S^flflk.-W(|p| m am
stand that tLejH ?leans ?Jj
hesitate abo:v?fl HH?P^^sH
curren t. he: eJB?:-?S% V^^^^^^^W,
stances <H 9g ' | fl| ???KMt'f?*
of vesselsfl"^Bra9?^?" . ?-sw-l
to New OrJSJ 1 fl. fl | H WM 1 \ SHBHB
load foiJUB^^.^'V:-"^ -?'^^??.^^?i
M> be hopeeftuat tbs important trade
will net be driven from our city by
any such causes, and we trust that
steps will ere long be taken to render
the expenses of handling, etc., less
onerous. As to the natter of pilfer?
ing, it is done with impunity. It is
no uncommon thing to see a half
dozen women congregated in the ?Jv
vicinity of a lot of cotton which is Jj
being handled by lalorers, who per- M
"lit them to fill then aprons and stnflJ
Baefir-'tcaiftea full ??hont" reffif^Tfl
3trance. li?',bwl ;roya good deal \ ?
cotton may be extracted from a bale; G
especially if it is loosely put up, or
the bagging boonies vom out. Every
house dealing in cotton ought to ap- "
point some one who can. be trusted
to oversee the handling of it, for the
laborers, as a rule, wink at the opera?
tions of the female thieves.
[New York Price Current.
STRENGTH or THE REBEL ABMY.- ?
A New York telegraphic despatch oiM
recent date says: Ii'fori^fl^?k?^fl
State Department ikcKswA^Mg ^
rebel strength Easto? the \TH?
on the 4th of Februarv, /18657^i
102,000, and West of tfie Missipj/
50,000. Lee's army was 04,00
Hood's loss, 2,500 in the Tenne.W j
campaign, in his testimony be? j
the rebel Senate; Leo. in 1S65, s/ j
the Confederacy had not tra J
enough to last till midsummer, / fi
by freeing and arming negroes m/ ?
carry the war on one year longe1 ?
the utmost. Almost any way/ fl
peace, he was willing to take stbl S
sition that might be assigned AB
but as human power could ? ?? -1 fl
the cause, the best solution I l fl
difficulties was peace on SI I fl
plan. ___J fl
A NEW IDEA OF FKEEOQ ^
have the following "good ont j fl
the reliable gentleman who tra*. fl
so much over tho so-called Confede-"^
racy during the war. A friend of his
was journeying not long since ina
section where the people, white or
black, do not boast of superior intel?
ligence, when, to his amazement and
horror, he encountered on tho reid
side two colored children standjr||
beside an apparent torpee of a colfl
cd woman, when tho following co.fl ,)
quy ensued: "Wliat's the ma\y4?
with that woman?" "She's dead, oW} ,/j?
"Dead! it isn't possible!" "Yesjlir.^B
she's dead; bid she's free, ?/r.'" *li-Hi
abie's friend went on hisim afl
ladder but a wiser u?^^fl'^?Kl -jg^