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Daily Paper $10 a Year.
"Let oar Just Censure
Attend the True Event."
Tri-Weekly $7 a Year.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 8, 1866.
VOLUME II-NO. 17.
PUBLISHED DAILY AMD TRI-WTKKLY,
* BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Daily Paper, six months.$6 00
Tri-Weekly, " " .S 60
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
Insertion, and 50 cents fox*each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
MST Special notices 10 cents a line.
Thomas P. Slider, Charleston.
H. L. Darr, Sumter.
8. P. Einard, Newberry.
Samuel Drouthitt, Greenville C. H.
Wm. Moore, Abbeville C. H.
Juhns Poppe, Anderson C. H.
Lord Chatham ?nd Andrew Jackson.
William Pitt, subsequently Lord
Chatham, succeeded a century ago to
the premiership of England, after
the extinguishment of a fierce rebel?
lion in Scotland; and Andrew John?
son became President at the close of
a terrific civil war. The perils that
encompass our President are similar
to those perils which confronted Lord
Chatham when he entered the halls
of State. Hence the proceedings of
that brilliant statesman furnish a
historical lamp to our feet, and a
^ guide to our understanding.
On his accession to power he found
Scotland hating England, and Eng?
land hating Scotland; the Scotch
were writhing under the bloody
and cruel penalties they had in?
curred by treasonable acts for
several years. The English, led
by the Duke of Cumberland, had
slaughtered a pathway through vene?
rable cities and flourishing villages.
The devastation committed by the
British army on their sister kingdom
may be judged of by the fact that
the country, for fifty miles around
the victorious soldiery, was plundered
and ravaged, not a man or a house
remaining. The English had made
a desert, and called it prosperity;
they had created a solitude, and call?
ed it happiness. Scotland had been
conquered in body, but not in spirit;
for murmur of discontent swept on
the wings of every breeze, and the
Highland clans, whose romantic re?
collections were blended with Scotch
history for many centuries, being
dissolved by Act of Parliament, and
the power of the chief over his tribe
broken, were still nurseries of trea?
son in thought, if not in action. Tc
wipe away all record of Scotland na
tionality. Parliament prohibited th?
UBcvof the Tartan plaid in a Scotch
- man's dress. Still, even this warfare
upon the many-colored stuff, whicl
entered into the garb of both mer
and women, did not restore theil
affection for a Government whicl
proscribed them, and did not indue*
them to pay greater homage to thos<
laws which offered mercy to all bu
At this era, Lord Chatham becam?
Prime Minister. A large party o
English noblemen demanded a con
tinuance of the old penal measure
against Scotland, but they mistool
Lord Chatham; he soon showed fc
them that he was a man full of th
purest humanity, as well as a states
men /whose lofty genius rose, under
sense of duty to the whole British em
?ire, above the sordid bias of faction
'he plan . be proposed for h eulin,
these national grievances was simple
Knowing that proud men, whos
hearts pulsate with historic blood, an
whose memories are reservoirs c
deeds whose worst features are rast
ness and a mistaken pride, are to b
governed more through their feeling
than thought, through their tim?
honored prejudices than by thei
fears, he decided at once to appeal t
the self-respect and good humor c
the Scotch. He repealed all enac
men ts against their tartan garment
he re-created Scotch regiments tin
had been disbanded, he invited tb
young Highlanders to enter the rani
of the army, and gave commissioi
to the most deserving. He grant?
their cities some commercial priv
leges, and offered the hand of frien<
ship to a whole irritated people. Tl
effect was magical. Scotland beean
regenerate. The land of traito
spread out at once as the land of p
triots. Rejoicings took tho place i
Scans, and smiles lighted up tl
3es that, for years, had been wri:
kled with frowns, or wet with tear
The battle-fields of Germany, Canat
and Hindost?n, for Lord Chatha
was circling the globe with the fir
of the British valor, and the pealii
music of British victories, were gi
rious witnesses to the military pro'
ess and unshaken fidelity of the Scotc
The nen of impartial history will ev
delight to record so precious an er
sode in the epic of national grander
What Englishman would dare te
the page from the annals of his con
tory which records the conquest
ifphatham'B genius over every ob?'
^ yle, of bia gentleness in subduing
H^n|s hatred, of his sagacity whi
^^^^^fcdto rule all parts of a wJ
spread empire in love, and which si?
lenced discontent, not by making dis?
satisfaction a crime, but by removing
the grievance ?
Andrew Johnson has succeeded to
a similar inheritance of national
trouble. There are l^-aders in the
United States Senate to whom a wise
liberality offers no pleasure, and
even magnanimity is positive pain,
who, hk? the bigoted nobility of
England at the ear of Chatham, are
crying for confiscation of property,
for the banishment of prominent
chieftains, for the proscription of a
whole race of intelligent persons,
and for the elevation of millions of
blacks, who can neither read nor
write, to such civil privileges as they
cannot exercise with safety to the
Constitution, nor with a good effect
upon the nation's welfare.
The President is in a situation sur?
rounded with solemn relations. If
he listens to the advice of the dema?
gogues who besiege the capitol, he
will force private vengeance to pilot
the ship of state, instead of public
virtue. He then will become the
spoiler of the hopes of millions who
are looking to him for returning
peace, justice and prosperity. But
if, unmindful of faction and party
revenge, he continue, as he has com?
menced, to manifest ability commen?
surate with the high duties that per?
tain to his position, his fame will
rival that of Chatham, and both will
travel down the highway of ages
with the noblest of all reputations,
firm in the might of a generous har?
dihood of soul, merciful even when
they had the legal power to be se?
vere, ever gazing serenely on the
dangers that frightened feebler
hearts, and vindicating the rights of
patriotism with that intrepid ear?
nestness which conscience can inspire,
with that strong devotion to the
solemn oaths of office that cajoles
not, nor is cajoled by, the imperious
leaders of Senates, or the dema?
gogue of caucusses.
The Washington correspondent of
the Cincinnati Commercial says:
The President does not get drunk-is
temperate and abstemious in all his
habits-does not touch liquor of any
kind, and has not since the day of the
As to his policy, the same corres?
Andrew Johnson is as honest
and patriotic a man as Uves on the
earth. He is just as combative and
stubborn as he is honest.
Dear to him as his first-born,
yea, precious as the breath of his
nostrils, is his " policy." Before his
determination to sustain and carry
through that policy, all other conside?
rations must go down. To that
"policy" he would sacrifice the
Union party, were it necessary. He
would sacrifice auy and all personal
friendships-yea, his very life would
weigh nothing in the scales against
his determination to carry it through.
Wliy ? Because he has, after long
days and weeks and months of ear?
nest thought, study and prayer, con?
cluded that the salvation of his coun?
try and the welfare of the people de?
pend upon it.
However much we may differ with
him in judgment, we can but admire
his Spartan heroism and dauntless
"What is the President's 'policy,'
upon which ho is risking so much ?"
many inquire. "What is this chime?
ra, this phantom, this ignis fatuus
'policy' that is loading the President
this wild dance?"
That I cannot fully answer. His
message, veto and speech will best
give it. The principal ingredients of
that poli?v aro :
1. That the constitutional rights of
the States, and tho people thereof,
shall not be infringed or trampled
upon by the General Govern meut.
2. That the States have the right
to determine for themselves tho quali?
fication of votes, and that the Gen?
eral Government eau no moro inter?
fere with that right in South Carolina
than in Massachusetts.
3. That whenever a member of
CongresS from any one of tho thirty
six States presents himself for a sent
in tho Congress, and can take the oath
prescribed for each and every mem?
ber of that body. Congress has no
right to exclude him; that Congress
can prescribe rules that will apply to
all its members, but cannot invidi?
ously legislate against members from
sections of the country, or that only
apply to a part of that body or a part
of tho States.
4. He does not believe in tho Ste?
vens doctrine of "State suicide."
5. He is opposed to negro suffrage
nt this time; thinks they are unfit for
and have not tho requisite capacity
to intelligently exercise that sacred
yet dangerous privilege.
The recent severe weather is said
to have entirely killed the peach and
apple crops of Tennessee.
The President's Victory.
' The President's proclamation is
particularly significant when viewed
in connection with the revolutionary
attitude of the Congressional majori?
ty. These factionists maintain that
the States lately in rebellion are still
' in insurrection, and that this fact
deprives these States of the right of
representation in Congress. By his
proclamation, the President solemnly
declares that "the insurrection which
heretofore existed in the States of
Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia,
North Carolina, Tennessee, Louisi?
ana, Arkansas, Mississippi and Flo?
rida is at an end, and is henceforth to
be so regarded." We are of those
who behove that the solemn procla?
mation of this fact by the President
establishes its legal existence, and
that it cannot be henceforth ques?
tioned by any except those who are
intent upon subverting the Govern?
That these will question it, there
can be no doubt. They will stop at
no infraction of the Constitution, at
no wrong, at no outrage, in the prose?
cution of their purpose to obtain and
keep possession ot the Government,
by disfranchising the whites and en?
franchising the blacks of the South?
ern States. This purpose they can
only accomplish by passing their in?
famous measures over the President's
vetoes; and this they cannot do, if
any one of the enumerated States be
accorded the right of representation
in Congress. The Stevens and Sum?
ner faction will, therefore, in all prc
bability, insist, as they have hereto?
fore done, that it is for the Congress,
and not the President, to determine
when "the insurrection is at an end;"
and treating his proclamation as a
nullity, will persist in excluding the
Southern Senators and Representa?
tives from the seats which they are
legally entitled to occupy. If they
do this, they must inevitably provoke
a collision with the President, and
test the sincerity of his declaration
"that the insurrection is at an end,
and is henceforth to be so regarded."
We have no doubt that the President
means exactly what he says, and that
he is inflexibly determined that thc
Congress shall recognize the fact that
the States lately in insurrection are
"constituent States of the United
States, and as such must necessarily
be, and by the Constitution and laws
of the United States are made, equal,
and placed on a like footing as t<
political rights, immunities, dignity
and power with the several State:
with which they are united."
If the Congress, under the maligz
influence of Stevens and Sumner
shall refuse to do this, and shall stil
exclude the representatives of thos<
States, it will become the duty, as w<
believe it is the purpose, of the I're
sident to treat their acts as of n<
They may assume to pass the civi
rights bill, or any other rile measup
the Central Directory may concoct
over his veto. They cannot compe
him to execute it. They may dare t<
prefer articles ol impeachment agains
him. He can laugh tl) em to scorn
and, strong in the justice of his cause
and in the confidence of the people
can defy their utmost malice, and wi]
triumph over all their malignity.
[ATeio York 3eirs.
A correspondent, who recentl;
visited the tomb of Thomas Jeffei
I son, says:
The walls enclosing the remains c
Jefferson and his wife and children
besides those of some relatives, ar
gradually falling to the ground. Tb
gate is left unlocked, and ingress ca
be obtained by every vandal curiosit
hunter disposed to desecrate the tom
of Jefferson for the sake of possessin
a chip of the stone monument covei
inghis grave. To such au extent hs
this petty larceny been carried, thi
the tombstone presents the appeal
ance of a broken pieco of granit*
Even tho grave-stone of Mrs. Jelfe:
son has not escaped these thieves.
Tho wheat prospect in East Tei
nessee is very promising.
COLGATE'S HOKEY SOAP.
This celebrated Toilet Soap, in sue
universal demand, is made from tl
choicest materials, ii mild and emo
lieut in its nature, fragrantly scentc
and extremely neafflcial in ita act ic
i upon the skin. For sale by all Druggis
! and Fancy Goods Dealers.
B ATC HIS LO R'S HAIR. DYE.
The Original and Best in tho Worl
I The only true and perfect HAIR DY
! Harmless, Reliable and Instant?neo!
Produces immediately a splendid Black
natural Brown, without injuring the lu
or skin. Remedies tho ill effects of b
dyes. Sold by all Druggists. Thegonui
is signed William A. Batchelor. Also, B
GENERATING EXTRACT OF MILL
FLEURS, for Restoring and Beautifyi
the Hair. CHARLES BATCHELOR,
Oct 25 ly New York
j. mom k to.,
Between Plain and Washington,
HAVING RECEIVED THEIR
ARE SELLING THEM AT
PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES!
C&?C0ES 121-2 CE?ITS?
Other Goods in Proportion.
&c, &c, &c
Pine assortment of CLOCKS, WATCHES,
SPECTACLES, SILVER THIMBLES, Ac
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry R E -
PAIRED. Plain Gold WEDDING RINGS
made to order.
J. SULZ8ACHER M. FOOT.
Aprd rf A
HA? AND COTTOX PRESS COMP'?
IS prepared to COMPRESS COTTON for
Transportation or Storage, at $1.25 per
bale. By this system ot compressing,
there is a saving to the shipper of a per
centage in freight, and preventing loss by
wear and tear. Orders taken at Press, ad
Ioining South Carolina Railroad Depot, Co?
rnubia, bv A.. 8. TRUMBO,
Of firm Webb, Ayer Si Trumho, Factor-?,
Charleston, 8. C.
aa* Presses in Charleston, East end of
Hasel street, by G. W. HATSTAT, Agent.
Columbia to Charleston.
THE NEW and LIGHT DRAFT STEAM?
ERS "GEORGE" and "COLUMBIA"
are now prepared to make engagements
to take Freight from Granby Landing to
Charleston. Advances or insurance made,
if desired, to Charleston or New York.
Apply to A. L. SOLOMON.
Or THOS. L. CRAWFORD,
March 15 2mo Agents.
AMBROTYPES, Ac, for
the peopie, one and all, !
at prices to suit every?
body-ranging from $1 to
io, with case-at the new Sky-bght Galle?
ry, South of Blakely & Copeland's store,
Main street. Call and give the operator a
trial. J. G. GLADDEN.
Paints, Oils, Window Glass, &c.
AGENERAL assortment of the above,
together with a full stock of BRUSHES
of every varietv. In Btore and for sale
cheap for cash by_DIAL Sc POPE.
Premium Platform Scales.
AFULL supply of PLATFORM SCALES,
capacity from 400 to 1,200 pounds. In
store and for sale cheap for caah by
F*bl_DIAL Sc POPE.
JOHN H. H25I835.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
FRENCH and ITALIAN CONFECTION?
ARY, Fancy Goods, Toys, Fruits, Sec.
Variety too numerous to mention. Corner
of Plain and Marion streets, East of tbs
Baptist Church. March 24 Imo
?~ inp to TRAVEL to
Edgefield C. H. or
anv intermediate point, can be accommo?
dated by applving to R. O'BRIEN.
South side Oervais st., near Assemblv.
March 17 Imo*
NOTICE TO MILL-OWNERS.
THE subscribers are prepared to furnish
to order, at short notice:
BELTING, of all kinds and widths.
BOLTING CLOTHS, of all numbers.
SMUT MACHPNES, all sizes.
CIRCULAR SAWS, all sues.
Have in store a full supplv of 8AW and
GRIST MULL IRONS, MACHINERY ODLS,
Sec. Persons wanting the above goods will
find it to their advantage to call on ns be?
fore purchasing, as wo are prepared to
offer them inducements.
March 17_DIAL Sc POPE.
Watch-maker and Jeweler,
f-o HAVING removed to John C
VyV Seegers' store, on Main street and
AjlJfcengaged competent workmen, in now
prepared to REPAIR WATCHES and JEW?
ELRY, and to manufacture plain GOLD
RINGS and JEWELRY according to order.
ASMALL INVOICE of GAS FIXTURES,
consisting of one and two light Pen?
dants, ono, two and three Swing Brackets,
Reading Lights, new style Shades, Burn?
Orders taken for CHANDELIERS at Phi?
ladelphia prices. W. B. STANLEY.
THE subscribers would respectfully in?
form the citizens of Columbia ?ad
vicinitv, that thev have opened their tdock
of HARDWARE; PAINTS, OILS, WIN?
DOW GLASS, Ac., to which ths??s?ould
ask tho attention of purchasers, ohsap f >r
cash. DIAL A POPE.
Cotton, Wool ar
W. K. BROWNE. F. M. SCHIRME R.
BROWNE & SCHIRMER,
COLOMBIA, 8. C.,
HAVING located themselves at thia
point for the transaction of the above
named business, would respectful]v solicit
consignments of MERCHANDIZE of ail
descriptions, either for public or private
Particular attention paid to the sale of
REAL ESTATE, STOCKS, BONDS, Ac.
Having a large and commodious Brick
Warehouse, we are prepared to receive,
Kt ore and forward all Kinds of Merchandize.
We have made arrangements to keep
constantly on hand a largo supply of HAY
and GRAIN of all descriptions. We re?
spectfully offer our services to our city and
country friends. All orders filled with
promptness and despatch.
*3~ Volger's new store, Main street.^S*
March 14 _Imo
JOHN C. SEEGERS, of Columbia, is my
Sole Agent for the sale of the different
kinds of BISCUITS, CRACKERS and
PILOT BRI .VD manufactured by me. He
will sell them at Charleston wholesale
prices, freight added.
J. C. H. CLAU8SEN.
Charleston, January 27, 1866.
TUST received a lot of SODA, CON?
GRESS, SEED, Sugar,. Wine, Lemon,
I Batter, Pic-Nic Biscuits, and Pilot Bread.
Jan 31_JOHN C. SEEGERS.
LUDWIG & KEATINGE,
EXGBAVEBS & LITHOGRAPHERS,
CORNER NINTH AND BROAD 8T3.,
H. E. NICHOLS,
Corner of Assembly and Washington SU.,~~^*i
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
i "O EPRESENTS ? number of the best
XV botn Northern and Southern-compa?
nies, possessing an aggregate capital of
LIFE, FIRE, MARINE,
INLAND AND ACCIDEN?
TAL RISKS taken on equi?
table terms, and all losses
??^Policies made payable
in Gold or Currency."^?ft
lilliRE YOUR LIVES.
APOLICY OF LIFE INSURANCE IS
THE CHEAPEST AND SAFEST
MODE of making a certain provision for
Nothing is so uncertain aa life.
No provision is perfect that ie contingent
upon the duration of your life, which ia not
The only IMMEDIATE provision is that
provided bv LIFE INSURANCE.
It provides a SECURITY to the family
of every man engaged in business.
It is a species of property that costs
nothing but the premiums; it requires no
repairs, bas no taxes, calls for no outlays,
and its couditioos do not change.
Call on H. E. NICHOLS, Agent for the
following OLD, RELIABLE and POPU?
LAR LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES:
JETXA, OF HARTFORD, come..
GLOBE, OF NEW YORK,
Asset*, nearly $a,000,000.
NORTH CAROLINA MUTUAL, OF RA?
LEIGH, Aase ta, nearly $1,000,000.
CORNER OF WASHINGTON AND AS?
SEMBLY STREETS, COLUMBIA, & C.
Jan 18 3m_
Engine, etc., for Salo.
AFIVE-HOrtSE ENGINE, in running
order, with pullevs, etc., for sale low.
i Apply at this office. " Dec 21
THIS PRESS will put 500 poum ^
of Cotton or 800 pounds of Wooi
in tho following space: 60x27x80
inches, and with three good hands,
will turn out a bal? every fifteen
The above car be seen at Ameri?
can Hay and Cotton Press, Colum?
bia, where orders will be received
to duplicate tho samo by
A. S, TRI?, AGENT.
land TWINE tor sale