Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, April ll, 1866.
Effects of tile Proclamation*
There is a considerable contrariety
of opinion expressed in various jour?
nals in relation to the legal effect of
the "peace" proclamation of Presi?
dent Johnson. A few contend that
it has no legal, binding effect, whilst
the larger number of the ablest jour?
nals in the conntry take the ground
that every civil right is restored to
the States "lately in rebellion."
And there can be no question of
the justice of this conclusion, for
were it otherwise, the document
would be a useless waste of jrnper in
publishing a string of official decla?
mation. As the New York Tribune,
even, says, " those who imagine that
President Johnson's proclamation an?
nouncing peace is of no value, but is
a mere expression of Executive opi?
nion, are mistaken." No; Andrew
Johnson is not the man to place the
great seal of the United States to a
meaningless document-to a mere
expression of Executive opinion. He
is not the man who would attempt to
deceive; every sentence ho bas ut?
tered, every official line he has writ?
ten, bear the stamp of frankness,
honesty and inflexibility; and when
he proclaims over his hand and official
seal that the war is over, he means it.
The New York World hos a well
considered and forcible article in re?
lation to the legal effect of the pro?
clamation. That paper says "the
proclamation, like a treaty of peace,
makes a great change in the legal
aspect of important Acts. It fixes a
date of which all the courts must
take notice, and marks tho termina?
tion of all laws having especial refer?
ence te the state of insurrection.
The joint resolution of Congress,
approved February 8, 186&)exclnding
eleven States from pr--ficipation in
the presidential-elecLiOn, was ground?
ed cmj> "whereas settiug forth that
gilrose States had been declared in a
T rebellion which had not terminated
' at the date of the presidential elec?
tion. No such exclusion is hereafter
possible, inasmuch as the termination
of the rebellion has been declared,
by the branch of the Government
^laving legal authority to make such
^proclamation. Congress can no more
^exclude those States from the next
presidential election than if they had
never rebelled. A joint resolution to
- that effect Would be null, for thc
same reason that all pretended laws
IV opposition to plain provisions ol
m Constitution have no binding
?ce. Their exclusion from the pre
Kntial election would be a r?volu
on; and such a revolution would
have to be met by revolutionary
The Act of March 3, 1865, estab?
lishing the Freedmen's Bureau, was,
by its terms, 'to continue during Hu
present war of rebellion, and for ont
year tlierea/terA The date of its de
mise being fixed by the late procla
mation, thje. Freedmen's Bureau wil
cease to uavQ, any legal existence ot
the 2d of April, 18C7.
By the Act-of March 3, 1863,
'during the present rebellion, thc
President, whenever, in his judgment
the public safety muy require it, i?
authorized to suspend the writ o
habeas corpus in any case thronghou
the United States, or in any par
?iiere?f/ By the same Act, 'anj
order of the President, or under his
his authority, .made 'at any tim?
during the existence of the preses
rebellion, shall be a defence in al
courts to any action, civil or crimi
nal, pending or to be commenced foi
any search, seizure, arrest or impri
somnent, made, done or committed
acts omitted to be done under ant
by virtue of such order.' The pro
chimation takes away the shelter fo
arbitrary proceedings afforded b^
this law, and renders all public officer
just as liable as private individual
for trespasses on personal liberty o
By President Lincoln's proclama
tion of September 16, 1863, suspend
ing the writ of habeas corpus, it wa
declared that 'this suspension shal
continue throughout the duration o
such rebellion, or until this proclama
tion shall, by a subsequent one, to b
Iled by the President of the Unite?
ten, be modified or revoked.' W
WL quoted this for its explicit re
K&ion of the right of the Presiden
?.what. President Johnson ha
Skates are placed in precisely the
same legal condition in which they
stood previous to the rebellion. If
their relations to the Federal Govern .
meut have been temporarily suspend?
ed or interrupted, it was solely by
the existence of rebellion; but the
rebellion being now officially declared
at an end, all the constitutional rights
of the insurgent States revert. Those
States eau hereafter be subjected to
no exceptional disabilities without a
plain and palpable violation of the
Constitution, as completely without
legal excuse us would be the infliction
of similar disabilities on Massachu?
setts or New York."
We think the World'? argument
unanswerable, and wo therefore give
it prominence to quiet any apprehen?
sions the desponding among us may
entertain as to the meaning, purpose
and effect of the President's glorious
proclamation of peace and restora?
tion. As Gen. Green Clay Smith, of
Kentucky, said at a mass meeting
held at Washington last week, "the
radicals might talk about impeach?
ment and treason, but Andrew John?
son was the Gibraltar of A merion, and
ever?1 man who ?lashed his head against
that rock would get his brains knocked
R?-v. W. T. Caper*.
This reverend gentleman has gone
North to solicit aid for the re-build?
ing of the Washington Street Metho?
dist Church and Sunday School
Room, which was attached to the
Church. The New York Methodist,
of the 7th inst., says of him, that he
"preached in St. Paul's Church,
Newark, N. J., last Sabbath evening.
He was present in the Preachers'
Meeting in the city, on Monday
morning, and addressed them in
regard to thc state of feeling in the
jS_0"-th. Iiis kimi and conciliatory
words were reciprocated by the meet?
ing. Mr. Capers is a gentleman of
fine spirit and engaging manners,
and such inter-communion between
the North and the South cannot but
be promotive of mutual amity and
Wherever Mr. Capers may go he
will win golden opinions, from his
truly christian and courteous deport?
ment, manners and address.
FOREIGN TROOPS RETTRNIXO FROM
MEXICO.-Our foreign mail brings us
the news of the arrival at Toulon of
thc transport Amazone, having on
board 909 officers, soldiers and sea?
men, belonging to the French army
in Mexico. This information is not
without its importance and signifi?
cance. The question may well be
asked, has the Emperor really com?
menced to fulfill his promise to the
United States as regards the with?
drawal of French troops from Mexico?
A Washington despatch says the
President concurs in the opinion of
tho Secretory of the Treasury, that it
is desirable that the State of Alabama ;
and other Southern States should be !
allowed to assume and pay their pro- '
portion of direct taxes now due, and
therefore, recommends the necessary
legislation 1>3' Congress. The virtua]
sum assessed on real estate, by an
Act of Congress, is 20,000,000-tho
proportion of Alabama being nearly
GREAT FXRK IV NEW YORK. - A de?
structive lire raged from 4 o'clock, on
the morning of the 7th, until high
noon, in ono of tire most frequented
portions of New York-Broadway,
Barclay and Fulton streets. The en?
tire losses arc estimated at $1,000,000.
About one-half the total loss is co?
vered bj insurance.
The Keoweo (Bickens.) Courier,
learns that Col. Thus. Miller, of
Henderson County, N. C.. was shot
in the vicinity of Wolf Creek, in that
District, on Monday evening last, as
ho was on his way to Walhalla. He
lingered until Tuesday night, when he
died of his wounds.
-? ? ? *
H. C. F. B. John O'Mahoney an?
nounces that Head Centre James
Stephens will arrive in America in a
short time, and appeals to the Fenians
to give him a suitable reception.
There is great agitation in East
Tennessee on the subject <>f forming
a new State. The project has been
talkod about for a quarter of a cen
tury;and since the people seem to
differ so radically from the rest of the
State, it may be to the advantago of
both sections to get a divorce. Let the
"erring sister go in peace," good
-n HTII ggi li T j i Sfr --
A j) Jil Scat ions ?or Piitilon.
Wo call attention- td the communi?
cation of Senator Perry, in relation
to this subject, as regards pardons in
this State. He gives a plain state?
ment of the connection of Col. C." J.
Elford with these applications, and
certainly exonerates the latter from
any attempt to make money out of
the proceedings; and we cheerfully
add our testimony that Col. Elford is
incapable of speculating on the sup?
posed necessities of applicants.
It will bc seen that a large number
of pardons is now in tho hands of
Senator Perry. Those who have ap?
plied, had better refer to him at once,
and our exchanges throughout the
State would do well to notice, if not
publish, the card of Senator Perry.
Tlx- Tln-catfiifd War Between Aus?
tria anil I'riHsi !? - W lin t About.
The City of Paris, it will be seen,
brings intelligence of thc highest im?
portance as to the relations of Austria
and Prussia-the sum and substance
of which is, that as Prussia seems to
have made up her mind to annex the
Duchies, Austria has determined to
resist, and to that end is making ac?
tive preparations to send a powerful
army to the frontier. Some reports
say that army is lot).OOO strong, and
that, before many days, it will be on
the borders of Bohemia. There art
rumors contradicting, or rather modi?
fying this a little, but the latest tole
grams say that these are not to be re?
lied upon, and that their crisis is
sufficiently alarming to create thc
conviction that a conflict is inevita?
ble. Though the history of this HOM
complication in European politic
must be familiar to the reader win
takes an interest in European politics,
a brief resit mr of its origin and pro
gross may not be uninteresting. Pms
sia now openly deelr"-?? chat tin
Duchies were taken from Denmark
not to be made an independent State
nor to maintain the rights of Augus
tenberg, but to strengthen the Pms
For a year past. Count Bismarcl
has scarcely thought it necessary t<
make any concealment of this pur
pose, and now he boldly avows it
Annexation is proposed by the Minis
ter and the press which .supports him
and it is also apparently approved b;
the Prussian people. On the othe
side, Austria, with the more or les
timid support of the minor States
demands that the will of the eon
federation and the rights of legitima
cy shall be respected. Passing ove
conferences, convictions, mission
and despatches, this represents th
real question now at issue, lt is on
upon which negotiation has been ex
hausted, for where one party is detei
mined to yield nothing, the othe
must take the alternative of submii
sion or of war. That is the positio
of Austria. Count Bismarck ha
carried matters with so high a ham
that Austria is, as it were, driven t
the wall. Ile lias, apparently, mad
no more account of her than if sh
were one of the minor powers whos
enthusiasm led to the spoliation froi
which they were to gain so littli
Austria, however, embarrassed as si
is in her finances and in her relatioi
with her great dependency, does in
shrink from the contemplation of wa
Hence, preparations for war are nun
on both sides.
Tn both capitals military eounei
are held, generals nominated, plai
of campaigns discussed, and the ?pie
tiou whether thc territory of thone
tral States of Germany shall be turin
into a battle-field for these great te
ritorial rivals to fight out their batt
upon, is discussed as if the rights
those States and the interests of i
dustry and civilization were of no a
count. On the 13th, the King
Prussia held a council of war, and
Vienna, we learn that the Gover
ment has consulted the military coi
m anders as to the readiness of tl
anny to take thu field, tho state
the Bohemian fortresses, and tl
points in the Kingdom of Saxoi
which could be occupied by the Ii
perial forces. According to cnstoi
a member of the reigning House
appointed to Ililli command. Arc
duke Albrecht bas been named aso:
of the leaders, if not the General-i
Chief of the Austrian army. Fiel
Marshal Bcnedek and liaron Hei
known for their services in forei)
campaigns, have also been consult?
Continental Europe is thus agn
on thc; threshold of great events, t
issue of which, or the new complii
tions to which it may give rise, it
impossible, just now. to foresee,
ii only certain that the news we :
to receive from that quarter, tor soi
time toc?me, will be of extraordinn
and exciting interest.
j Siete York Krpress.
Tho frauds so long and extensiv?
carried on at tho Government coi
near Nashville are being investigate
They ure said to amount to more th
$2,000,000; and the amount is don
less understated. But it is not at
probable that thc Government v
ever recover tho tenth part of t
money, or that the chief cronin
will ever be tried.
The New York Wu rh I learns th:
new and very fatal disease ann
horses has manifested itself in sevc
of the uptown livery stables. lt
supposed to have been generated
contact with diseased army hors
Livery stable-keepers are said to
?ggS??g ? ! -r r. r
THE BANKRUPT BILL.-A general
bankrupt bill lias been pending
before Congress. Its provisions are
as fair and just between creditor and
debtor as could be devised. It was
defeated tho other day in the House
of Representatives by a vote of fifty
nine to seventy-three. The New
1 York World says:
"There is to be no bankrupt law
during the life of the present Con?
gress. So much is very clear from
the action of the House yesterday.
There is to be no relief for unfortu?
nate white debtors. Many a good,
honest, enterprising man has failed
in business, often from no fault of
his own, and the decision of the two
last Republican Congresses has been
that there shall be no relief, no means
of extricating themselves from the
bog of bad debts."
-. ?? ?- _
A distinguished member of the
Fenian Brotherhood has just returned
to Nashville from Washington. Ho
had an interview with Secretary
Seward, who told him that a formal
demand upon thc English Govern?
ment for tho release of the Irish
Americans arrested in Ireland would
English aud American civilization
is beginning to make progress in
Cliina, as it has done in India. An
English school luis been opened in
Pekin for Chinese youths, sustained
by the imperial authorities, and a
Chinese official in Shanghai pays an
American missionary $2,500 for the
In Tennessee forty-three news?
papers are now published, with a
prospect of having the number in?
creased to fifty in a few months.
Eighteen of thc numbers arc dailies,
and twenty-five weeklies. Nashville
supports ??veii, and Memphis nine
The Senators elect from Colorado
urge the speedy admission of that
territory as a State, and intimate that
their two votes maj- be useful in pass?
ing the civil rights bill over tho Pre?
sident's veto. Senators Sumner and
Wade, who heretofore opposed their
admission, ure now in favor of it.
In Chicago, on the 23d, there were
two sensations in the Board of Trade,
one being the sudden disappearance
of a grain dealer, who had swindled
a Mihvaukie firm out of $55,000 worth
of wheat, and the other thediscoverv
of heavy warehouse receipts which
have proven to be forgeries.
A Russian bet with a Pole that ho
could put a bullet through his hat at
KXi paces without touching his head.
The Pole crowded his hat down so
far that the bullet went through his
head, thus winning the bet!
Several thousands are employed in
the Champ de Mars, Paris, in prepar?
ing that spot for the erection of the
immense building for the Universal
Exhibition of 1K07.
Tho Texas papers are advocating
the Texas and Kansas Railroad en?
thusiastically. lt will place St. Louis
within thirty hours travel of Galves?
A Now Orleans paper says: "We j
had the pleasure yesterday of inspect?
ing a beautiful set of silver spoons."
We believe silver spoons aro scarce
A press despatch from Halifax says ;
the steamer England, which has ar?
rived there, has sixty cases of cholera
on board, and that there had been
forty deaths on the passage.
The President has sent a message
to Congress recommending an exten?
sion of the time conferred upon the
Southern States to aid in the- eon- ;
strnction of railroads for five years, j
Patti bas signed an engagement for
three months with the opera of St. ;
Petersburg. She is to have 400 pounds
per night, or 10.000 pounds sterling
for her stay in the Russian capital.
Mr. Pike, of Cincinnati, bad his
watch picked from his pocket while
watching tho burning of his opera
Jas. T. Gardner was elected Mayor
of Augusta, on the 9th, by 17:? ma?
jority over Blodgett.
Heavy rains have occurred in Lou?
isiana, and it is feared the whole
country will be flooded.
th'- friends ?uni acquaintances nf Mr.
and Mrs. .1. Mdt.- Alston, Mrs. Fitz Si?
mons, and Misses Hampton, are respect?
fully invited to attend ile- funeral of Mrs.
Al.sr? >N, .it Trinity Church. THIS Mi >KN
INO, at ll o'clock.
Pine CIDER VINEGAR, for .-nh- at
Vpril 11 ! BEDELL'S R< >\\.
VTAN-YARD, with about tin., hun
dr. .1 (:100) acres of valuable LAND,
on Eighteen Mil.- Creek, four (41 miles
from Pendleton. The Tannery wa? built
in 1-tV., and bas all tin* fixtures nee. .--arv
foran extensive business. An abundant
snpplv ..f OAK BARK can be had at mode?
rate prices. Ther?- i* also a CORN MILL
attached to it.
Terms xviii I?.- made to sui) I ho purchaser.
For further particulars, apply to the >nl>
seriber, at Pendleton, s. c.
April 11 .; WM. VAN WYt'K.
Tanners' Tools and Oils.
Il 1.1, supply of TANNERS' TOO Li
COM .II Kilt IA I. AND FSXAS'tlAL.
Thc Now York Commercial Advertiner
The present* ino .?'in en ts of foreign com?
merce show a balance of exchanges in our
favor, and account for the almost total ces?
sations of the shipments of specie. Al?
though the exports are confined to an
unusual extent to cotton, there being at
the ports no important surplus of Northern
produce for exportation, yet thc shipments
of that staple are more than sufficient to
make up tho deficiency of other commodi?
ties. By a collection of the latest details
of the exports of cotton at Southern ports,
we are enabled to present the following
comparison of exports and imports tor four
sets of Mardi :
Total exports from New York for
four weeks ending March 27. . $21,Ob 1,737
Exports of cotton from New Or?
leans for first four weeks of
March, estimated at #175 per
Exports of cotton from other
Southern ports, for same pe?
riod and at same value. 5,000,000
Value of same in gold at $130. . 2H,991,49l
Imports at New York for four
four weeks ending March 31 26,233,160
Excess o? imports. $3,760,331
Supposing the movements at other ports
to alioiit balance, we have thus an excens
of exports over imports, for the last four
weeks, of nearly turee millions in gold
value. This movement takes no account
of the exportation of 5-20*s during the
month, which have been made t?-? a limited
extent, nor of remittances from London on
account of railroad loans, both of which
increase the balances in our favor.
Of the Louisville market, the Courier
There wan apparently but little move?
ment in any department, excepting the
steady inquiry for corn and hay, to fill
Southern orders, with a sale of a round lot
of 50 tons prime timothy hav, baled, at $14
per ton; also, ?ales of 340 bales in two lots,
at $14.50, delivered at the Nashville Rail?
road Depot. A round lot of 1,800 bushels
prime white corn was made at 78c., and
sales of 600 bags mixed, in new gunnies, at
72c. per bushel, delivered. Lacon sides
were slightly lower, with Bales on 'Change
I at 16c. A .sale ol a lot of extra mess pork,
1 30 barrels, w as made at $26.
? CINCINNATI, April <>. A fair demand for
the higher grades of flour, but lower
, grades are dull ami prices unchanged.
? Wheal is in better demand; for No. 1 red,
; $1.80; old, $2.20<??*2.30; no white offering.
' Corn dull, at 35<V?36c. for No. 2, and 40c. for
No. 1. Whiskey dull, at $2.22. Oold 126,
NEW VoitK. April tl.- Cotton heavy, at 38
c<<,;t'( for middling. Flour dull and in favor
of i uyers, at $7.bK<ct7.50 for extra; $8.606t
! $11 for trade brands. Whisker steady, at
i $2.26. Wheat quiet, at $1.65?$1.66. Gold,
i to-day, has been 127i@l27?, and closing at
NEW YOBK, April 9. Cotton, to-day, de
: cline?! 1 cent. Sale? OOO bales at 38@39c.
I (b.ld 126.
i THE COTTON CROP.-A correspondent of
j the Memphis A?>?n<il, writing from Missis?
"I shall not, at this time, obtrude an
j opinion in regard to the extent of the pros
? pective cotton ?Top. It may be. if the ne?
groes prove faithful laborers to the end of
i their contracts, two-thirds of a crop. If
I they do not so prove, there mav not be sent
I to market more than one-third or one
? fourth of a crop, as compared with I860. I
! have conversed with no man who expects
his laborers to do more than two-thirds the
amount of the w?irk the same number did
j before the late war, and many planters will
i be agreeably disappointed if they receive
i the benefit of one-half that amount. There
j is no data upon which lo base a calculation
' of this year's crop; and if any one under
\ takes to tell you of its probable extent in
I round numbers, do you just set him down
; as either a speculator in thc staple, or a
consummate .gasser" -one who likes to
pr BBLS. best relined KEROSENE OIL,
? J and for sale at a reduced price by
Aeril ll 2 C. H. BALDWIN.
Something New !
FOOD FOR INFANTS. Fresh eupplv
received at MIOT'S Drug Store.
April ll 2?
Bandages and Supporters,
OF the most approved make. For sale
at MIOT'S Drug Store.
April ll 2"
kCw*--,:--* ESTRAYED from my premises,
^I'tfQM "n Tuesday night, the 3d ins;.,
\rWa "Sht brindle COW, with sevc
J_*~?mJi ral white spots, and holes in
each horn. A suitable reward will be given
for her return. A. M AFI ITT.
April ll 3
Shoes and Hats.
fXSfr GENTLEMEN, Ladies.
Misses and Children canPVt
?Wm now be SI TTI.IED with* KL
BOOTS, GAITERS, WALKING
SHOES and SLIPPERS, suitable for the j
Gentlemen's, Youth's and Roys' FINE |
HATS, of thc latest stvles ami finest qua- ;
lities. ' J. MEIGHAN, ?
April ll 7* Next the Court House.
COLUMBIA, April 10, 18t>?">.
4 N ELECTION will be held by the Conu
J\ eil of the city of Columbia, on TUES- I
DAY, 17th instant, for
One City Clerk, salary $1,000 per annum
Two City Physicians, salary each $500
One Chief of Police, salary $800 per an.
Eight Policemen, salary each ?iieo per an.
City Attorney, salary $"300 per annum.
Superintendent of Water Works, with 1
fuel and house n-ut, $800 per annum.
City Survi vor, servio s to bc paid by
City Scales Keeper, highest bidder.
Wood Contractor, lowest bidder.
City Printer, lowest bidder.
Applicants for the above situations will j
hand m their litters where bonds and
security is required, naming the sureties -
in the application on or before Monday,
IKth inst. F. H. ELMORE, ' |
April ll City Clerk.
Hdqrs Military Dist We't'n S. C.,
FOURTH SEPARATE BRIGADE,
COLUMBIA, S. C.. April '.?. ls?;?;.
ClUVl ?.Ah NO. 4.
VREWARD of Five Hundred Dollars
(?000) is hereby offered for the arrest
and delivery of the convict J. C. Newman'
ti tin military authorities.
Bv order of
Brevet Maior-General A. AMES.
J. A. Cr AUK. Act g Ass t Adj t Gen.
April ll 3 1
CASU.-Our tcrma for subscription, ad?
vertising and job work ar? cash. We hope
all parties will bear this in mind.
Maj. John Meighan has just opened a
largo stock of hats, caps, boot?, shoes, etc.
Ladies, gentlemen and little folks should
give him a call.
THE Bumana OK COLUMBIA. -An inter?
esting account ol the "Sack and Distinc?
tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," ha?
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Phoenix, steam power press. Orders
can be tilled to any extent.
BOOR AND JOB PIU.NTINU. The i'luxnix
office is now fully supplied with canis,
odored and white paper,colored ink, wood
type, etc., and is now in condition to exe?
cute all manner of book and job printing
in the shortest possible time. Give ns a
OcT&AOSS. -Tho President's Proclama?
tion of "peace'' seems to have had a queer
effect upon the "peaceful" babita of our
city. On Monday, two sergeants of the
United States troops, nuder the influence
of liquor, behaved very badly; and, on the
representation of tho Mayor of the city,
one of them, an orderly, waa yesterday
reduced to the ranks in presence of the
squadron. The complaint against the
other had not been made.
On yesterday, some of the troops as?
saulted our old and esteemed fellow-citi?
zen, Maj. T. W. Radcliffe, indicting a
severe contusion. These outrages ought
to IM' stopped, and we commend the mat?
ter to the attention of Col. Oreen, who, we
understand, is a gentleman and an honor?
able officer and gallant soldier.
NEW ADVEETTSEMENTS. Attention ia call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published thia morning for the tiret
P. Cantwell- Saur Kraut, Ac.
Wm. Van Wy ck-Tan-yard for Sale.
J. Meighan- Shoes, Hats, Ac
Fisher A Heinitsb --Local News.
C. H. Miot-Trusses, ?Vc.
A. Maffitt-Estray Cow.
C. H. Baldwin- Kerosene Oil.
Election of City Officers.
HOUSEHOLD V? inns.-Delicious, refresh?
ing, purifying, preservative, indispensable,
exquisite, are the terms applied to the
famous Sozoilont, in thousands of house?
holds, every day. And why? Simply be?
cause all the virtues mendaciously claimed
for other dentifrices, actually exist in thia
wonderful preparation. t
Applications for Pardon.
In January and February last, I receive?!
a great many letters, inquiring about ap?
plications for pardon sent me, whilst Pro -
visional Governor. I could give no inform?
ation, except that the applications bad
been approved and forwarded to the Pre?
sident. I knew that the applicants were
very anxious about obtaining their par?
dons, and I thought it a matter of some
importance to the parties that their par?
dons should at once be secured. If any ac?
cident happened to President Johnson, and
some one else should occupy the Executive
chair, a system of persecution and confis?
cation might be adopted. Intending to go
on to Washington to present my credentials
as United States Senator, I suggested to
Col. C. J. Elford.the propriety of Iii? going
with me, and bunting up and procuri ng
these pardons. He had drawn a great
many of the applications himself, and was
the agent of a great many others, through
their attorneys. I told him that I bad no
doubt the parties would liberally compen?
sate him for bis services. I likewise said
to him that I would, whilst in Washington,
render him all the assistance I could in
procuring the pardons. In compliance
with my earnest entreaty, Col. Elford di?l
go on to Washington with mc. I went to
see thc President, and he kindly agreed
that Col. Elford might get all the applica?
tions, under the thirteenth exception,
which had passed the Attorney-General's
office, and that he would sign the pardons.
Acconlingly, Col. Elford did, after much
research; obtain a list of all the applica?
tions which had passed through the Attor?
ney-General's ofhee for South Carolina. He
then went to the Secretary of State's office,
and bunted up the applications from South
Carolina. They were thence carried to the
White House, an?l there the President's
signature obtained to 400 or 500 pardons.
He then carrie?l them to the Secretary of
State's office and had them sealed and
signed by th?; Secretary of State and re -
corded. He receipted for them in his own
name, and brought them home with him.
He was engaged very diligently in this
business for about two week*, ?nd really
supposed, as I did, that he was doing the
applicants a great favor, for which they
would be perfectly willing to liberally com?
pensate him. lt was well known that a
great many applicants had paid handsome?
ly agents for going on and procuring their
?>ardous. It was likewise known that un
ess some one would undertake the trouble
which Col. Elford performed, the pardons
would he delayed a great while in the dif?
ferent offices. The number of applications
rendered it impossible for them to bc at
tended to by the President promptlv.
lt seems, however, that some of the par?
ties have complained to the President, and
ure unwilling to compensate Col. Elford for
his trouble and expense. The President
lias instructed roe to inform Col. Elford
either to d?liter thB'pta?oa?freeojTcharge,
;>r return them to bim. This I have done,
?nd Col. Elford was disposed to return the
[lardons; but I thought it would ho better
to retain tin m. stud said to him if he would
turn them over to me, ? would keep them
till called for. This he has done: and I
now give notice that they aro in my hands,
ind will be delivered, free of any* charge,
u> th?> parties when calleil for by them.
1 regret very much that I have been the
innocent cause of Col. Elfonl incurring
jreat lo*s of time and heavy expenses in
toing what I supposed would cheerfully
nring him a handsome compensation. *I
?ought to do the applicants for pardon a
jrcat fav<u\ ami in this 1 have not been
hsappointed. They will receive their par
ions, which might ot berwise have renamed
"or a long time in the Secretary of State's
>ffice, and then procured only by paying
in agent to bunt them up.
All that has been done by myself, in
.nring these pardons, was done ohi<et
ind gratuitously for the parties,
icither expected nor would have w
my compensation. But I could not,
:o 'ray engagements in Washington, i
:he cervices which Col. Elford pent?}
i.nd which were absolutely
procure the pardon*,