Newspaper Page Text
th '?' aaa i^?iiEgl?
COLUMBIA. * j
../Thursday Morning, April 19, U*??;jj
Oircct Trade. . '
r J The New York SotdXern i?cchavge
observes, witto satisfaction that -Con?
gress lias boen invited to-*sst*t itt the.
es'tabKslm*?nt of f^ue-Atlajptic line
of stea??ei? b??w^H^a^*?o> and
Liverpool. .Tho ?Sjjc?jjtj? .tte pro.-^
of mair st??^i? between ther RoutlV
ov?.. Skates.and.?senfclBritnrib JUHL
1 a^sd to pro ?m^?n?gns??s. FIHT thist
pmposc, they ^sol??t a subsidy "A^am
Congresa, an^^* return gnsiar?tee to
b ling ont t?-tbs Southern States 5^00
emigrants. able-boftieVT laborers and*
The preposition is ainoat iiupor?
f tant one, riot merely as if regards tho
the int?res?a?f "the Southern St?ke?,
but ali? in ? nafion-al' point of view.
Every Ane acquainted "wifh^the risa
and 4wogres? of trade and commerce
is aware thai much depends up.>n.
rapid ?nttS?ertam postal eonununica
tioji, Hitherto ail mercantile ad vk-rs
passing between the commercial cities
of the ^Southern- -j?ta-tes and France
;md England had lo be sent via New
York or B&ston, and there was in the
generality pf instances a great lusa of
thn?, and in peculiar seasons a heavy
loss in ft financial poi u t of view. A
linetjf powerful steamers, snch as the
celebrated "Inman Line plying be?
tween " New York and the port of
Liverpool, could, in ordinary wea
"tuer, make the mu from j>ort to pori
in ten to twelve days, but ?1 present
Liverpool letters do not reach Charles?
ton nnder sixteen day?, l t is, there?
fore, evident that in point of celerity
the project before Congress would be
. -of great advantage to our Southern
fellow-citizens. By its means, they
could obtain their European corres?
pondence with greater regularity aud
pi'omptitnde, be thoroughly posted
on the movements pf cotton and
other Southern productions, and pre
pared to take advantage of a rising
or hold back from a falling market in
Liverpool, ?Ianches??7 or London,
without being obliged to obtain their
intelligence second-hand from New
The next advantage which the pro?
posed line of mail steamers from
Charleston to Liverpool would confer
upon the Southern States, is the pro?
posal to bring out not less than 5,000
able-bodied laborers and mechanics
from Great Britain annually. At
present, the great drawback to the
_South is the wa.it of labor, agricul?
tural and artizan. The experiment
<?f depending upon the colored popu?
lation now set free, has not, as yet,
proved a success, and we fear, from
the peculiar and distinctive features
which predominate in the physical
and intellectual organization of the
negro, that it will continue so. Iu
deed, any one who peruses with an
unprejudiced mind the recent, able,
argumentative and eloquent letter of
Dr. J. O. Nott, of Mobile, to (?eu.
Howard, President of the Freedmen's
Bureau, cannot have the shadow of a
itoubt upon the subject. An extract
or two from that, masterly communi?
cation will not be ont of place. Dr.
Nott says: "In my professional
rounds every day, T hear complaints
that the negro Avili not work at any
price. They are huddled together in
shanties around the town, stealing,
burning fences For fuel, dying of dis?
ease and want, and yet you cannot
get a cook or washwoman at ?20 a
month." This habit of idleness, the
doctor shows, Ls a characteristic of the
colored race, and cites the case of the
Haytiens in proof of his position.
He says: "Can there be found in his?
tory anything more positive than the
utter failure of the negro race in
Hayti? There the negro was left in
full "possession of ono of tho finest
islands in the world, having a tropi?
cal climate well suited to his nature.
At the time the whites were expelled,
?heir successors were left with every
thing-H-people could ask for attaining
a position among the civilized na?
tions of the earth.
A large portion of the population
were educated; the system of agri
culture was wdl developed;they pos
sessed a large import and expor
trade; many ol' them had been drillet
> to commercial avocations, to the me
ehanic and other useful arts; am
what has been tlie result? If a sicl
man waubs a little sugar in tin
island, which once produced more p
this article than any other equal ter
ritory in Christendom, be is nos
obhge?tto se*d t0A?w4ggbt Jp
chase it as he wo*^t toeoliemc. . <A^|ri-I
(.minn-. .cw?u*uw?yv, ri-ierHiuTv:, ???-v'? C
\*w -arid~ctt-de>-, ti<tt>re' gftnef 1
assured a few..years ago hy A?mhr??
David Porter, thai bc, on\Otf?f oecu
Rion, saw negroes Netingabd e?tt&fj?
Donrintefan p3?n?f*s by ihr way-aide
iu Haytfc" If only ono-haif of th it?
pietiiro be Htcra?ly correct* it -would.
;!>. futile io exp<*ct 'that the piautar
tio?sin the'Southern Stafas *<rill ever
be propcidy cultivated, by the coi?red
population, now that they nre^set afc
liberty i??'accQrdauce with tho p,irrcnd>
ed turnia pf the- Constitii?on: 'That
Ods is ?- ^?nerirl feeling, among the
Southern pUnters,' who know thc
nmruieTsj. hirbitiv" customs J?ud* pr?br
?.pensities of the iiogio .raet\ is t^T
ileucedivy the "fact, of theil' anxiety to
induce tho unemployed lahor-ef'tho
North to gp. South, and the- liberal
inducements which they bold out to
able-hodie?! and healthy agricultural
istsand mechanics. *
-If, then, the proposed line of mail
communication between^he Southern
States *an?l Europe could ojfeet no
Other good than inducing a healthy
emigration . from tho over-crowded
, cities and towns of the United King?
dom, who would find constant and
well remunerated employment on
arrival South iu developing-the rieh
and "inexhaustible agricultural re?
sources of that portion of the United
Slates, the cost in a few yours would
bo repaid i?ore than ton fold. Ir
would convince the" citizens of the
late slave States that neither Congress
uer the national Executive were dis?
posed to trent thom as a .subjugated
neople or their part of the country
as conquered provinces. .
Tlie Civil Uiglits mu.
Th? following is an exti nct from
the speech ol' Senator Saulsbury. ol
Delaware, made in the Senate, a few
" I rise to say, sir, that, in my judg?
ment, the passage of this bill is an
inauguration of revolution. It i>
well, sir, that the American peopl?
should take warning and set theil
bouse in order, for it is impossibh
that, the people will patiently submit
to it. Heaven knows that we have
had enough of bloodshed, enough o
moaning in every household. The?
are too many new-made graves ^oi
any oue to wish to see more. Attempt
to execute this law within any Stat)
of this Union, and, in my judgment
this country will again be plunge?
into all the horrors of civil war. Ii
my own State, an humble State ii
point of numbers, but a State of gal
laut sons, your law will nover bo ob
served by the judiciary of that State
most of them of tho Republican
party. There is not, I say, a Repub
lican judge, we never had a judge, si
dead to tho teachings of the gr?a
luminaries ?if the law, as to attenrp
to enforce snell a flagrantly uncoil
stitntionaJ law or act a.s this. I sha!
not again enter upon the constitu
tionality or unconstitutionality of th
act. But, sir, if it be not grossly
palpably, flagrantly unconstitutional
then iivo-and-twenty years of some
what diligent study of tho law bav
availed me nothing. In conclusion
Mr. Sanlsbury predicted that tb
passage of this bill would lead t
bloodshed, war and disunion." ,
Tho civil rights bill having beeoni
a law, it wns but a proper t i ii ?ute t
Congress that, in t ho presence of tim
body, Cuflee should, without delay
show that he regards himself as some
what better than his radical friend.4
The New York Herald states:
During the proceedings in th
Senate Chamber, on Thursday, who
the enlogimns on the late Senat?
Foote wore being pronounced,
pompous negro entered the dipl<
matie gallery and took a seat, in tit
mitist of tho foreign representative;
Ho had evidently studied tho civ
rights bill carefully, and thought tin
a negro was as good as au auibass;
dor from any of the foreign court
He was in presence of thc radio
Senators who voted for the passa},
of the bill over the President's veb
and very naturally concluded that ll
rights were equal to those of any roi
on the floor of the Senate or in tl
gallery set apart for the foreign r
presentatives. Now, although th
colored person was prevailed upon
retire, niter some effort on the part
the doorkeeper, because he happen?
t?> g??t into the wrong place, it is?pi?
tionable whether, under the proi
sions of the civil rights bill, be w
not justified in concluding tlint '.
had the same privilege to sit in t
gallory as anybody ?'lse. If he f
into a mistake in this matter he or
shared in the error commit ted hy t
radical Congress when they voted i
an equality which is obnoxious tot
great mass of the people, and ne>
eau be recognized, though athousa
laws were passed to make it legal.
< ? >
Halifax advices of thc 17th in
state that tho city physicians on !
emigrant ship England concur
pronouncing the disease. " As:?
cholera. No ease has occurred time
the cabin passengers.
'Wileri thc irfliinlcudttte Butler was
; "C^nimaijdan^, and Goveroor" of
Virginia rttut?*ortii Carolina, a-Noiv
folk pnp?3r-(TO?*.0.'U Do?iinion^ states
*bfrt, bj m military ordes, (No. i>0,)
he ?jtahKshed a 'freedmen's Savings
Balik," for tho "sofe-l'eeping''* of the
funds of tho negro soldiers who cu?
tistad iu^HS deportment. In that de?
partment, it is said ihat 10,000 ne?
groes" erdisted, and of the bounty
morrey of each of these, "wards pf
tiie uatiion',*'0OD was reserved forde
posrt inTiutJer's savings banks. Tlie
agent for tlie management of this*
bank "was appointed by Butler, and'
soon after the hero ot Big Bethel was
rern?i?d,*the .agent of -the bank
moeedj'.and" the Old Dominion says
that from "that day to ibis there
have leen doiibts aa to whore the
money which had been d<?>asited in
Iiis care, as pr?sidant or military ma?
nager of the 'Savings Bank," could be
There are hundreds of unfortunate
freedmen wandering up and down in
a vain and most disheartening search
for Butler's fugacious **Swvings
Bank." Haggard and destitute freed?
men besiege the lawyers' offices in
Norfolk in search of in formation about
"Massa Butler's bank," and "refuse
to be eornforted. because it is not."
The bank is as hard to overtake as
a jack-o lantern in the muddiest jun
gio-of the Dismal Swamp. Catlee is
confidently assured that the "bank"
is assuredly at a certain place, but
when bp gets there with his dilapi?
dated "certificate of 'deposit^" "Why,
bress de Lord, de cussed bank am
gone flem dav."
One day the sabin depositors? are
told that the Savings Bank has been
swallowed whole by the "Bureau ot
Refugees at Washington," and the
nest day tlie report is denounced a*
false. The Norfolk lawyers, who
have been in bot chase attertbis bank
for months, are despondent as tc
ever buding it; and if all the othei
"Savings Banks ' which have been
establishes for the '?'sxife-lreejiiny''' o]
the money o? the negroes, ure as ban]
to overtake as Butler's jack o-lantem.
we should regard them as not ver\
.lohn Ra?nolph is said upon oin
occasion to have visited a race cours?
near the city of New Volk. A tlashy
looking stranger offered to bet bin
$500 upon Ibo result of the lace, and
introducing bis companion, .said
"Mr. Randolph, my friend here
Squire Tompkins, will hold th?
stakes." "But, sir," squeaked th?
orator of Roanoke, "who will bole
Squire Tompkins after I ."ive him un
Win-never unknown Northern ad
venturers establish Savings Banks foi
the "safe-keeping" of the money o
the freedmen, the poor creature!
would do well to lake counsel of thei:
best friends their late masters- un?
devise means for .'holding ' Un
"Savings Bank officers."
It is a disgrace to the nation tba
the emancipated slaves should bi
thus defrauded; but it is gratify ?ni
to reflect that the people of theSoutl
have, in no instance, been parties t<
the gigantic swindles of which Un
freedmen are being made the victims
Northern adventurers have a mono
poly of this noble ami philanthropy
business. Why does not Hie Freed
men's Bureau protect the negroe
from this class of "friends of tie
freedmen V"- -Richmond Times.
RENTS rs N*RW YOUK. The Time
represents the New York landlords t<
be in agitation about their incomes
Kents have conn- down, ami house
ire to let. People have gone out o
town or taken rooms. They canno
pay half their incomes in rent. Th
Fact is, trade has become stagna:.}
business depressed, ami profits great
ly reduced. Salaries ami wages mus
fall. The juice ol living has d<
.lined consid?rai , and rents nun
follow. This city may ns well tak
warning. Business cannot possibl
lie conduct eil a: tlie rents of the pie
?ix months. They have been re?lu?-e
somewhat, and they must lu- red in v
-? . ?.
Private advice ; fr??111 tile < Seller:
fjonfeivnee. n??w in cssion in NC
Orleans, announces IJev. 1 >r. Wu
M. Wightman as most prominent)
spoken ol' for the Rpiscopa?-y. I >
Wightman isa native < liarb-sl?uiiai
for man y years tho leading minist?
iud ino- l eloquent lueiubel of ? I
South Carolina Conference Pres
ilen! of Wolf,,rd College, whence I
removed tn Alabama to preside nv?
its university. Ile would nobly li
mo/ position ?d' which his deiiomin
lion might invoke Iiis ai r.-planee.
- - . ?
A ib?spatch fr? ?rn Norfolk, dat?
17th inst , says the negroes in th
pity paraded yesterday in hon?ti?
the passag?' of t lie civil rights bi
A difficulty oc?'urr?-d, aud one chi
man was killed, and two moria)
wimmln! Order was finally vest or?
by the military.
Advices from Liverpool, 1>\ t
steamship City of N.-u York, sta
that the French troops are to
withdrawn from .Mexico.
Trhe sdututern Pr**(H-TKe i nion, 1
-...J^?8 Worthy of especial notice that,
since this peace proolaniation 'of thc
President, tjie Southern press has.
borne itself .with remarkable modera?
tion. It is mor? mild and -more in?
clined to dispassionate argument than
beforo that paper appeared. Tins is
quite natnral. "Wl?lo it vmsr under?
stood that the writ of haln'ds corpus
was suspended, and a newspaper
might be-stopped at any moment a
military commander of a district; or
j his subaltern, might tliink proper,
there was a feeling of impatience and
; chafing; of spirit, that excited the
temper and stirred the impulse to bit?
ter complaint and i-?aprelH?nsion...But
tho Government having" relaxed its
rigors-peace l>eing declared, atid:
tin' haltpiis rorpns, consequently, re?
stored, the editors are somewhat pa?
cified, and begin to bilk quietly and
argumentatively. So ft eat will lie,
meekly sleeping on the hearth, until,
discovering through a half-opened
eye a thread upon her velvet, paw,
dropped by the housewife, she rises,
in great nervous excitement, and fu?
riously dashes it from her.
There is no uieasuiv botter calcu?
lated to-do harm in a country like
ours than to trammel the press. It
arouses bad feeling and diminishes
respect for authority,. The press is
the shield of liberty, and it corrects
its own errors. Mr. Jefferson's max?
im, that error ceases to be dangerous
when reason is left free to combat it.
is very just. The press cannot go far
astray to the public injury, while it is
untrammelled, und thus enabled to
cheek its own aberrations.
We need not go into a disens-sion
of the liberty of the press. The pub?
lic opinion is too orthodox, the pub?
lie mind too well informed on the
subject, to justify anything bf the
kind. Imperially is this the ease in thc
South. During the whole struggle
! in the South and notwithstanding
there were papers AV hieb made the
1 measures of the (Government the sub?
ject of daily reprehension and ridi
i onie- in uo Single instance was the
liberty of thc press interrupt ??tl by
I the Confederate Administration. Noi
are we aware, with one exception, thal
i the public indignation- led to the in
j vasion of the rights of any editor.
! A body s if soldiers, passing thrungli
' Raleigh, destroyed the press of a Terj
I notorious gentlemun, altogether dis
! loyal to the cause those soldiers wei?
I fighting for. lt ?lill not appear thal
citizens bad any part in it. lt wa>
only a rash and impassioned act iv
j the soldiers, who were very gallant
fellows, who bad imperilled their live.
iflphard-fought battles, lint, this out
rag>', committed by such men mulei
the impulses of the moment, wa
mad?- tin- pretext for destroying tin
press and materials of another news
paper, of Opposite sentiments, at th<
same time, in the same town. Thi:
was the work of citizens; so that i
may !>?> truly said that the only prcsi
that was broken up and destroyed lo
the citizens, sluring the war, was de
shoved by w hat wei?- called " (Jnioi
men." Neither the Government noi
the people of the South, from the in
ceptiou to the conclusion of one o
the most extensive and bloody of al
civil wal's, interfered with the libert*
of the press
Had t he < ?overumeut of the Unite?
Studs ?'inuhite?l so liberal and wis?? :
policy, it would never have fount
?MUSC t?> regret it. Had it, indeed
proclaimed peace upon the conclu
sion of tho war, and restored th
States to their equality, it would bav
secured immediate ami endnriii]
benefits for thc whole Union, am
harmonized the nation. It wouli
hive restored industry, revived en
teTprise, ended discord, and subdue
the rancorous dispositions ??f the se?
tions. lt would have at once re-organ
ized th?: culture of the great staph
of the South, and have diffused th
rays of prosperity and joy over land
where the genius <?f desolation n?v
hovers in misery and gloom.
Instea?l, what have we seen? Wit
:ill tie- liberal dispositions of thc l'r?
sident, so adverse is Congress to th;
beneficent policy which charocterizt
i^reat ?md magnanimous minds, tin
he has been enabled to accomplie
very little in the way ?H pacificatio
of the nation. Congress has bo?
eugagetl the whole session in franiru
measures for the humiliation of tl
South. Tlu ii- whole policy, as tl
.%"////? 'i ??' Inff/hf/em^r justly remark
has shown a '"?lesign of colonizii
the South making ils Slates sat.
pit's and rcilucing its people pract
cally t?> subordination to the Nortl
if not to the negro race itself." Sm
a policy, MI far from ivstoring tl
Union -o far from reviving tl
hopes and industry ol tie' impove
isheil South so far from revivingtl
prosperity of t!i<- nation, and increa
iii;1: ils powers and resources whi
I'ii it liencd willi its ciiornu ?ns puhl
deb: so far fr?un doing all this, h
?>nl> tended to ?lepress the spiritsai
energies of the South, to deinorali
and scatter its labor. t<? restrict t
product ion of its sta]?les; and, wot
than all, to inciense the bitter prej
dices of the Northern people towar
the South, and to strengthen the 1
sentiments of the Southerners,
the < !<ingress Im?I been commission
for evil, and deputed to make t
breach between the North ami t
South enduring and incurable, th
could not have labored with more
d?litv for tin- accomplishment
these destructive ends.
Ld us hope that, notwithstaudi
lb?-time that is lost, tho better jiu
ments of the Northern people u.
prevail, und that the President mi
M.i MI"m ) ii i m i i
through their support, triumph in
his efforts Co restore the Union to
peace and ..prosperity. While Con?
gress wages its war, 'there i s no peaced
nu prosperity, no- growth'of i strength
to the Union, no increase of resources
te uieccV th? great rnacbfedne?s.oT the
country; ona so continuing, nothing
but_advorsifcy and ruin is in ?tore for
Government and peopte.
-; \ YRichnton.fi Dispatoft.
Thc Military :tn?i Civil A ut iiorit ic?.
We are pleased, says the Atlanta
Intelliyftaacr, to see by the? following
Tuxler from * Headquarters, Depart?
ment of Georgia, that the military is
gradually yielding to civil authority,
and our courts are to take cognizance
of all coxes, excepting, perhaps, iu a
few special instances:
HEADQUAH. K, DEPARTMENT G HOBO IA,
?AUGUSTA, GA., April fi, lSCG.
(General Order No. 17.
Provisions having been made by
ti e Legislative authorities of the
State of Georgia, by which all persons
without regard lo color or former con?
dition, are alike protected and secured
in all their lights by the laws of the
State, and the administration of them
by rta officers and courts, command?
ing officers of posts are hereby
ordered to turn over to the proper civil
authorities of thc State all persons,
not soldiers, held in confinement, 01
under arrest awaiting trial, or undei
bonds for their appearance before an}
court or commission for crimes ol
misdemeanors charged to have beer
committed by them, except when
committed against tho General Go
vernment, to bo tried by the civi
courts of the State.
In future, all freedmen or others
except soldiers, who-may l>e arrestee
by the military authorities fm-crime
or misdemeanors charged to hav<
boen committed by them, excep
where committed against the (.irene
ral Government, and those arreste?
for petit offence of which agents o
tho Freedmen's Bureau may take cog
nizance nuder provisions of Circula
No. 4, series of IMS, Bureau of Reft
gees, Freedmen and Abandone
Iranda, State of Georgia, will be turn
ed over to the civil authorities of th
County or town in which the offene
is committed, for trial liefere the civ
courts of the State.
Exceptions made to this order, fe
trial by military commissions, will li
especially directed from these nea?:
quarters. By command of ?rev?
Maj ( Jen. Bran lian.
COTTON SEIZURES. - -Mr. ('hark
O'Connor, the eminent New Yor
lawyer, has given au elaborate op
nibil on the seizures of cotton 1:
Treasury Agent? as captured or abai
iloned property, under the Acts <
IStv?, and the subsequent legislatioi
The property coucerned iii the de?:
sion was a lot of Bit? bales of eottoi
seized in Savannah, January 2G, 1ST?
Air. O'Connor maintains, in a mo
carefully drawn opinion, that tl
Vets of Congress wert? war measure
limited in their operations to the d
ration of the war, anti that theWei
ure was without authority. Mr, Br
dy. Mr. Bvartaand JudgePierrepo
concur with Mr. O'Connor in his a
gu meut and conclusions, and add:
"Wc are also of opinion that tl
statut.- of Mandi 12, LSGSj is wi tho
any authority as law, from its u
having received the approval ami si
nat un: of the President uutil aft
the adjournment of Congress, ai
that thus the whole pretended leg
support of the Treasury agent sj
If, by virtue of these decisions, ;
the cotton seizures since the \t
should be raked up ami overhaul?:
there would be something of a ni
tering among the cotton vultures tl
recently infested the South-west. I
us have it done, by all means, and t
plunderers mad?' to disgorge.
Mr. O'Connor thinks that thc n
ment the armies of the Confedere
surrendered jieace ensued, and t
nonrts must, recognize that fact,
fiction could keep up a stat?: of w
STRIKES. - Strikes are ocenrri
everywhere. In New York, even 1
ear-.h ivers have struck, and the str
airs were not running for ?eve
hours, very much to tin- incon
nienee <>f the people. Some of
lines were suspended for awholed
There have been strikes of paint
and iron moulders and various ot
frailes. These signs generally m
great (manges in tho financial matt
uf the country. Whether they gi
worse ?.r better, on either turn,
strikers are on band. They strike
more on th?- ris?', ami against ?ess
A special despatch from Washi
ton to the Boston Advertiser says:
"Preparations are making to 1
Ibo regular term of the United St.
Circuit Court in Richmond, i
month, and the trial of Jefferson
vis for high treason may bc exp?*
within two months."
The Tennessee Legislature, I
vote ?>f forty-one t<> fifteen,
passed what is known as the "f
?bise bill." It disfranchises and
bibi ts from holding any office all
were on tim Confederate side in
late struggle of the South for i
The value of the foreign g?
imported into New York during
month of March readied 816,000,
or about three times the usual am?
?lining that period.
Fourteen persons on trial for
son, at St Louis, have just beer
Mr. McKenzie has ju*t received another
fina'tfssorfmerit of French' candy, oonsist -
ingurparfc-of jolly dxopii. raspberry ball?,
chocolat'' cream?, almond ?nd chesnut*.
pranlinos, nougat, aird lozenge? of ?il
G KERN PKAS AND AsPAiiAor.-i.--Weare in?
debted to Eliza Taylor for a ?mall meas ox
the above vegetables. Persona wiahhtg to
secure a supply, in a day br t wu, cm apply
corner of Plain and Lincoln street*
CHANT.!'. OF Nen HOV !.,>'..-By reference to
mir advertising columns, it will l>c noticed
that, on and after Friday next. Ute litt ti,
the passenger train forX?recnvillo will leave
Columbia at 7 a, m., and arrive at"7 p. m.
There has been a reduction in tue through
fare, and the travel by stages diminished.
KNOCKED "Dows AXD BOBBKO.- It. Will be
seen by an advertisement headed " Re?
ward, if Required" that the mail agent
plying between Columbia and Charleston
was knocked down on the night of the 16th,
and robbed of an iron key, which is valua?
ble to him. The present proprietor eau
return it through the post office without
making himself known.
NEW Flint. -We are pleased t" ?rat? that
our old frtoud .1. C. .Tanney, "of hotel noto?
riety, 8nd Alfred Tolloson, Esq., of Spar
tanhurg, have fora, ed a partnership under
the styles of .Fairney ?V Toltesoii aud Tolle
soii A .Tanney, for the purpose of carrying
on a general forwarding and commission
agency, in connection with a wholesale aud
retail dry Koods-and grocery establish
merit-or est?bli?fir?etti?, more properly, as
they have . two stores, adjacent to one
another. It is really superfluous to say
anything in recommendation of either of
the parties, as they are known throughout
the entire South-Mr. .lunney as the pro?
prietor of the old Congarne Ifotel, and Mr.
Tollesou as a succesafnl merchant. The '
-stores are located in the new building on
the Son! h-west corner of Main and. Wash?
ington streets. Mr. .Fairney will have
charge of the grocery store", assisted by
Mr. Win. Simons and others; while Mr. Tol
leuoti will manage thc dry goods, assisted
by J. C. Walker and other able clerks. We
wish the new timi unbounded success, and
an they have purchased their goods mostly
for cash, and purpose t o sell low, it is highly
probable they will meet with it.
Ssw ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
eo to the following advertisements, which
are published thia morning for the first
Gen. Ames - Dry Goods at Auction.
Dr. J. S. Houghton-Marriage, &c.
Shiver & Beckham-Dry Gooda, Ac.
Jacob Bell -Citation S. J. Freeman.
C. F. Jackson-Dry Goods.
C. H. Baldwin-Kerosene Oil, Ac.
A. C. Davis--Self-raising Flour.
J. McKenzie-Ice Cream Gardeu.
J. C. Janney-Horse Stolen.
Robbery-Reward, if Required.
V. Cantwell-Saur Kraut, A e.
Kuy A Hewetson-Notice.
Changs of Schedule on G. A C. R. R.
On Selfish Conntlentvo
ls it not very wonderful that the radicals,
who are opposing the President's re-cou?
nt i m.- til m policy in Congress, should be so
?rn).id as not to see their folly, in trying to
make anieudnieuts to the Constitution,
and pass Acts for the perpetuation of their
authority and power, when every school?
boy, who can read the Constitution, does
know, that the present so-called Cougress
is only a bogus concern, and cannot make
any constitutional Act without all the
States are represented in Congress? None
of the States have ever been out of the
Union, or admitted by the Federal Govern?
ment to be out of the Union; but even if
they had been ont, the President's late
proclamation has restored them to their
former status in the Union, and gives to
each State the right to claim, at the hands
of the United States Government, all the
rights and privileges of a Republican form
of government, which is guaranteed to
them in the Constitution. But if the
eleven States, who were in a state of re?
bellion, are io be governed according to
the dictates of six or eight puritanical
fanatical despots, who, forsooth, congre?
gate ami call themselves the Congress of
the United States, against thc will, and, in
spite of the power of the President, and all
tiie force?? at his command; and, indeed,
have talked about impeaching the Presi?
dent, if lie does not succumb to their
fully ; if. indeed, there is not any power
in the Government, nor in the people of
the United States, which can cheek such a
faction, then is our Government no more
than a rope of sand, and onr Constitution
not worth the paper it is written on.
If those gentlemen, who are so anxious
for the elevation of the freedmen above
the whites, wish to legislate for their co?
lored brethren in particular, they can
easily net a few hundred, or a few thou?
sand families, and colonize them, and go
and live with them, where they can culti?
vate their minds and prove their philan?
thropy for thc race. The States that havo
been heretofore pestered with them, would
very cheerfully give them up for such pur?
pose; but if tho colored race is to be left
with their former owners, the white folks
do nwt wish for the colored race to be
uppermost, but would prefer the radical
Congress to take them away and treat
them just as good as thev please. So mot?
it be. says SENEX.
General Spinner, the United States
Treasurer, is almost daily receiving
"conscience" money from unknown
sources, x'he last ease is that of an
officer, who states that during the
war he stole a certain sum of money
from the Government, which he in?
tends to return, from time to time,
in instalments. His first instalment
was 812.50, which was received on
The Government ought to open a
conscience receiving office at Nash?
ville, Tenn., as we see it stated in the
papers that it has lost about S'2,000,
000 there recently by Government