Newspaper Page Text
. FbaTarcs MOKOE, Apitt T^-Mr/C. Cf..
-Clay waa r^eas?fl^^?rol?this morning.
PORTLAND, Mx., April ?8.-Th? "O^ve?fi
ment li?s--chavtexed the- steamer Bogula*
to' t ak? a csuSpagy %r^4?gular^t^o^'to.
probably kaye cW^^arrlvai^thtTwoii
?rata, wliicli ia extfected^'te^ Goarra!
%sW??rox, ?prp4t\-fi? r^r fik?svj?^
ment h?8 iasi-.cd orders recm?iag the force
of coi^^tx\^? f^(i^flt^. to>?ue reg?
-inenr, Alabama two, Mississippi fonr, Flo?
ridaone., and South Carolina one. \ J
uieuded that tho bond? cap hired by Gene?
ral Sheridan, af Shreveport; which bonds
were deposited by tho New- Orleans banks
With'the State Auditor of Louisiana, bo re?
turned to the Auditor, the Secretary of the
Treasury has ^?le^aphed Jo Governor
Wells that he will cause the bonds which
may be identified *?- belonging to 1*?
banks to be delivered to the State Auditor
or any duly authorized agent, at Washing?
ton, or will send-the ?ame to t he State <Au
ditoc, ea reoei?ingv advice? /rom tho Go?
vernor, at the risk o? the State. The bonds
amount tn $2,000,000. :
WASHLXOTON, April 17.-The House, to?
day, waa engaged in the consideration of
tb? bul to increase (he recalar army. The
section retaining 4en regiments veteran
reserves waa passed. The pendingamebd
ment makes, no discrimination among, of*
?cera on account of color. .
Fenian Kio vernen ta.
BELFAST, MAINS, April 1S.--Reports-htate
that Castine ts designated as a Fenian ren?
dezvous, and"thai 300 men are to concen?
trate there. . *
Castine is peculiarly accessible to the
British ' Provinces. During the revolution
and war of 1812, it was invested and held
by British forces from Nova Sc o ti*. Last
year its battery wrs attacked by rebel
raiders. Ita selection by the Irish patriots
shows their appreciation of its importance
as a military position.
CALAIS, MAINE, April 13. -About thirtv
Fenians arrived here, yesterday afternoon,
by the steamer from East port. They hare
been quiet sad orderly. The excitement
here and at St. Stephen is abating. The
volunteers across the border are indnstri
ously drilling, and wide-awake against sur?
prise. The Fenian? tried to hire Si. Croix
Hall for a meeting, to-night, but it was re?
EASVPORT, April 13. -A large number of
Fenians have just arrived in the steamer
from New York. Killian returned lani night
with thirty or forty men. They were per?
fectly quiet, having no arms, and no dis?
turbance has yet occurred,
TORONTO, April 13.-Another important
Fenian arrest waa made this morning.
The excitement has somewhat abated.
AUGUSTA, MAINE, April 17.-Governor
Long has given instructions for prevent?
ing any violation of the State laws through
any hostile demonstrations that may occur
from alleged Fenian movements .on the
border. The Mayor of Calais sends a tele?
gram to the State authorities, calling for
protection. Fenian movements are se?
rionaly apprehended in that quarter. "
TORONTO, April 17.-The examination of
all Fenian prisoners commenced to-day.
It is thought they will be committed f?r
trial at the next assizes.
EASTPORT, MAIRE, April 17. A number
of troops captured the revenue flag, on In?
dian Island, on Saturday last. Thc United
States steamer Winoosky is here.
lotter (rom Barop?.
The following was brought by the steam?
ship Hew York, from Liverpool, on the 5th:
The Austrian and Prussian question is
unchanged. Nothing has been received to
confirm the recent pacific rumors.
The French troops aro to be withdrawn
from Mexico in detachments; the first on
the 1st of November, 1866; second on 1st
of March, and third on the 1st of Novem?
lt is officially denied at Copenhagen that
the American Government is in treaty for
a port for war vessels at the port of St.
The steamship Saxonia, from Hamburg,
via Southampton, 4th instant, has arrived.
The following is a summary of the general
The London Times' city article says the
English funds had advanced, in conse?
quence of the less threatening character
of tho accounts from Germany, coupled
with the rumor of mediation with affairs of
Austria and Prussia.
A Vienna letter says such arrangements
have been made that Austria could mobil?
ize 480,000 troops within a fortnight.
A Berlin telegram says it is believed that
in reply to a despatch from the Austrian
ambassador, Prussia will state that she
also has no intention of following an ag?
gressive policy, but would desire an expla?
nation respecting the movements of Aus?
Florence telegrams announce the forma?
tion of a camp of 70,000 men at Bologne;
that the principal generals ot the Italian
army are summoned to meet there; that
an Italian squadron is forming to cruise
in the Adriatic, and that military prepara?
tions are going ou in Venice. On tho con?
trary, a Paris Tetter denies tho rumors of
the Italian loan and armamonts, and also
the rumor that an understand:..'; has been
agreed upon botweeu Italy and i'ru...4a.
Shanghai advices of March 9 state that
the Imperial troops gained a complete vic?
tory over thc rebels in the North of China,
and that 50,000 of the lattor had boen
slaughtered or captured.
The anticipated war between Austria and
Prussia has made a most unfavorable im?
pression on commercial affairs throughout
rrance. The apprehension is that ifLb OHO
powers go to war, Franco cannot, even if
?he would, maintain neutrality.
It is stated that the att empts to win over
the minor German States to Prussia have
entirely failed. The States will preserve
sn armed neutrality. Telegrams from
Vienna mention rumors of che peaceful
solution of the Schleswig-Holstein ques?
tion being prevalent, and had produced a
most favorable impression.
Gen. Thomas Francis Mcagher,
Acting Governor of Montana, has re?
canted his radical opinions, and come
out for President Johnson.
The Pennsylvania Legislature has
again adopted a resolution requesting
Senator Cowan to resign.
Tko ?oa; c*Ue5UWttderr H. .Stopkeaa was :
oxam&u?l>?ain to-day before Ste ?econ
the iarformajion from "Wr. Stephen?, -asi ?fc
seama-tobe their impresi?n that he is^y*'
?ay^hat -fn^sshm^'th^ e^denTO^'f'?lr"
Stephen? may have upon -the ultimate
'action of. tho committee: hut if thay were
notdeteittiineil-not to adan* the Bon thorn
States under*any circumstances, it is diftt
'cuU to?ee bow racv ?onD|_t?rn?e to'jJtoBo
new affe-oAe e^debee k??*6eTore th?irr by
Mr. Stephens. Mr. Stcvphoius baa laid, be?
fore Hiern the facts which prove that the
people of Georgia are as lovai as the peo?
ple -ol' M^sachusetts or New York, aud
-fhtii thev are doing.ten times 'as raucn for
th? uCgroes as tbe people of those States,
and that tb ev ardently desire ? restoration
to the Union, yet tho com nut tee have deter?
mined, and-Congres? will sustain them iu
Wds determma'twn, tha^none of4he?onth
ern States-not eren Georgia--shall be
represeuted in the present Congreas
? The extraordinary decision" of Judge
Underwood, referred to to inV oejjpateh. ol
last night, has -occasioned' considerable
excitement iii official circles. Tb* decision
is .based upon a willfol perversion tu. tb?
President's peace proclamation. TbPrC- h
no ambiguity about that instrument.
The President intends by it to- reston
?he foeetraeorpiw iu all thc States mention
ed in the proclamation, and that intent io 1
is plaiidv (rxpressed. The Pr?sident ii
understood fo b.e greatly displeased a
Underwood's action in the matter, and it ii
said tbat- he will soon take such action ii
relation to tho status of the citizens of tb
Southern States as will uo longer leave Uv
matter bi doubt, fn conversation to-day
the President expressed surprise that an;
one could take such a mistaken view of t h
proclama thru os J ndge - U oder w. ?od h a i
-done, and declared not only that mortis
law waa abolished all over the South, an
tho ?tabeas corpus act' restored, but als
that henceforth, under the late decision c
tie Supreme Co?rt, there are no offence
whatever that can be tried before militar
tribunals. > .- '
?t is quite probable tliat Judge Undei
wood will have to revise his owa decirftoi
In regard to the ease of Jefferson Davis,
woola not excite false hopes iu the m im
of hif. friends, but 1 am satisfied, froi
what i'have learned to-day, tliat" the Pr<
tiident will very soon o rd ci- bis release c
parole, or even, perhaps, his uucond?iou.
release. He will not be brought to trial.
-There ja not a particle of evidence again
him that could convict him. and the eon
uiittee will so report.
Til? proclamation ol general am nc?
will lindon ht ed Iv soon be issued. The Pr
aident has decided that all the pubUc d
part nie nts be closed - to-morrow, and"
general suspension of public business
ike place, in commemoration ofi.be dea
of President Lincolu.
The negroes are te celebrate ou Mond
with great pomp. Mr. Stanton bas order
all the negro regiments here to parade.
[JJespafek ta Kev? York Xeios; 13th.
lt. ia not probable that the President \\
issue any proclamation at present eoncei
ing the Fenian movement, though H wor
be worth more to the Fenian leaders th
anybody else. The President, as it h
been rumored, by some who are likely
know his views o"n the subject, ia too sbre
to commit airy such mistake, even if t
Brit i sh Minister should express any ala
at the Fenian menaces, which, by the wi
he bas not done since the scare' of St. 1
trick'? Day. It is trne, however^ that t
Government is watchful, through its pro
and usual agents, to prevent- any viol?ti
of our neutrality, either ?.n the Canada
the Mexican border.
The talked-nf amnesty proclamation i
document not likely soon to appeal*. Iii
is no probability that the President i
immediately take another step for wa
though, as he has repeatedly said,
would take none backward. He is ii
position io await events, which will gov
Sonic have expected that tho Preaid
would state what bc understands lo be
effect of thc peace proclamation. Jill
Underwood, at Alexandria, has made a
cisi?n which shows what it does not ni
in his opinion. It does not mean, accc
ing to bim, that the writ of habeas cor
is restored in the State of Virginia,
denial is given to this opinion.
The opinion of the United States Sunn
Court in the case bf Bowles and Milli
has not been published at length, and
til it is, it cannot bo known bow far
opiniou may affect the question of mihi
trials in Virginia or bi this District.
[Oori'espoiidence Baltimore 8u
It can be positively stated that the
tomey-General is busily engaged ir
ranging for tho speedy trial of Jeffei
Davis. He will be arraigned before on
the Circuit Courts of the United St
upon the charge of high treason. Tho
torney-General holds that there is no s
thing as constructivo presence i i the ci
of treason, and, on this account, tho
will probably be either in Tennessei
Virginia. William M. Evarts is the
gentleman whose name has yet transp
who is to assist the Attorney-Genera
the prosecution, though several other
neut lawyers have been retained by tl?
vernment. Charles O'Connor and Ju
T. Brady, of New York, William B. Bee
Pennsylvania, and a lawyer from Mi
sippi, are to conduct the defence. Th
tention of the authorities is to seen
speedy trial, not only for Davis, bu
several other noted rebels.
General (?rant and the President ar
presented as of one mind upon tho sui
of a general amnesty, and to this part;
cretary Seward may* be added. Thc mi
is now under advisement.
The belief among those who aro ber
formed upon the under-current even
tho day is, that although thore has
no formal question in Cabinet meet in
spoofing tho promulgation of an ann
proclamation, yet the President has t;
with various Cabinet officers upon the
jeet, nearly all of whom disapprove ol
such move at present. Secretary Se
is in its favor, and his views are very i
in accord with those of the President,
radicals will endeavor to influence Ge
Grant against any measures of the ki
Although there cannot be the slig
doubt, judging from its present tel
that the Senate will pass the House b
extending the elective franchise in th?
triet of Columbia when it is called
which Mr. Morrill, the Chairman 0
District Committee, says will be very
-tho probabilities are strong that i
not pass by a two-thirds vote. The fi
of pure au?l unadelteratcd negro sn:
will resist any encroachments on the I
bill by way of amendments. The ?
is, if possible, to have tho frcedmei
their votes at the ensuing municipal
lion, which takes place here in June
[Cor. Jiichnioud IHspa
Washington papers of tho 13th stat
Gen. Howard |has written a long let
the House Committee on Freedmen
fairs iu regard to further legislate
specting his Bureau. He urges tba
necessary, for several r?>asons, *
which may be specified that a hill *
by tho Executive would give groat
weight and power to thu Bureau,
enemies believe, or proles* to believ?
the Government is opposed to its <
?ion. Something should be done, b
Bays, to foster truncation. He bell?
??v??ii be ? oeasaas of economy lo
m&ko provision for acboole, and enggcst?
? tbat grants of public lands liar? often
Men made for much lees worthy objecte
than thia would be. He urges this consi?
deration at some hmgtfa. Ho thinks the
duty of tho officers and agents of ibo Bu?
rean should bo niore clearly defined by law,
fli.ii.iLot left so much to/military orders.
The *oa island question should be settled
Sstatutory enactment, the. more e*po
ifihjr se tho" freedmen who hold grants
' und?r Um?. Sherman's order axe thorough- .
Jr^omrtoeeil that the" ianda tightftnlly tte
?ng fc? them- Th? President should bo
empowered to retain vjHnnteer o ulcers who
are needed as agents of tho Bureau hs ser?
vice after the mustering oat Of their re?
spective regiments. \- '
The President, to-day, ? answer to the
resolution of the House, on the l?t h in?
stant, requesting information in -regard to
tho rights and intetests of Amerioart eiti
zens rn the narong grounds adjacent to the
'British Provinces, transmitted a report
fxonfthe Secretary of State, to whom tho
resolution was referred : -, ...
BKPARTMKXT o* STATE,
.WASWTWOTON, April 12,1866. ,
To THE PRESIDENT i-The Score t arv of]
State, to whom was referred a resolut ron of
tho House of Representatives, of thc 10th"
inst., in Ihe following werris : " Resolved.
'. That the President be requested to inform
this House what steps have been taken to
protect the rights and interests of Ameri?
can citizens in tlie fishing grounds adja?
cent to the British Provinces, and whether
any legislative action on thc part of Con?
gress is, in his judgment, necessary to so
.cure those rights and interests in conse?
quence of the abrogation of the reciproci?
ty treaty of 1854*" has tho honor to report
that the Secretary of the Navy lias, by the
President's"direction, taken preparatory
measures for sending, seasonably, a naval
force to the fishing grounds adjacent to tho
British North American Provinces, which
force, itls believed, will be adequate to pro?
tect therights ana intereste of American
citizens against any nnlawfu^ violence. It is
proper to state, however, that this Depart?
ment has reason to believe that there are
at present no good grounds for apprehend?
ing any collision, or any necessity for the
employment of force.
Tne attention of thc President, and also
.tho* attention of Her Majesty's Govern?
ment, has been directed to tho question
whether negotiation or legislation could be
advantageously employed in adjusting the
differences which have heretofore existed
between the United States and Great Bri?
tain concerning the fisheries, etc. Mea?
sures taken in that regard aro not suffi?
ciently matured to render it expedient or
beneficial to suggest any form of special
action by Congress at the present time.
" WILLIAM BL SEWARD.
The President of the Senate, to-day, laid
i-before that body the following commuiifea
i DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
WASHINGTON, April 12, 1866.
?Sui : ?-In response to a resolution of the
honorable Senate, passed on the 8th hist.,
requesting me to inform that body whe?
ther, at any time since my report of last
December, any persons have been permit?
ted to enter upon the duties of office, ami
to receive the salary or emoluments there?
of, without taking the oath prescribed by
Act of Congress, together with other in?
formation relative to the same subject, I
have the honor lo transmit herewith re?
ports from the Commissioner of Internal
.Revenue and the Commissioner of Cus?
toms, which furnish Hie desired informa?
tion. I have the honor to be, very respect?
fully, your obedient servant,
,-Secretary of tbe Treasury.
The Commissioner says that no allow?
ance of salary has been paid where ap?
pointees have not taken the oath, and that
! lie has distinctly stated to collectors and
surveyors that the rule would bc strictly
enforced. Returns of official oaths taken
have not yet been received in a number of
eases. Among tho number, tho only ono
? mentioned, at Charleston, s. c., is K*. Wil?
mot AV alter, Inspector.
The Commissioner of Internal Reveuue
says that no assessor or collector has eyer
I been paid, unless ho has taken the oath.
' He reports 459 assessors appointed in the
late rebellious States. Of the returns re?
ceived, 179 aro unqualified oaths, and 58
i qualified. Up to the present time, thc num?
ber, not received, of those who have en
I tered upon tho discharge of their duty, is
222. One qualified oath was received from
I North Carolina, 35 from South Carolina, 10
j from Georgia, and 12 from Alabama.
The ladies of Raleigh, N. ('., re?
cently proposed to organize an asso?
ciation, of which the oldest member
should bo the president and the
youngest the secretary. But thc dear
creatures soon met with an unexpect?
ed and insurmountable diflieultv, nod
the project has been abandon eil, it
having been found impossible to ob?
tain a president, and every one of the
members claiming the right to be
The New Orleans papers state that
the property in the Parish of the
Plaquemines, belonging to the estate
of the lato Lucien Bonaparte, was
sold, last week, for 83d,80?. lt bad
a front on the river of two and two
thirds arpents by forty in depth, and
there are at least 1,500 orange trees
It is in contemplation by the citi?
zens of Alabama to erect a monu?
ment in memory of tho soldiers of
that State who died during thc late
war. It is to be erected on Capitol
square, in Montgomery, and, in point
of finish and design, it will bc alike
au honor to the dead and the living
heroes c the war.
A SHARP DEVICE.- On one of the
New Hampshire railroads a charge of
twenty cents extra is made upon ail
fares paid in the ears, a cheek being
given for this sum. On presenting
the check nt the ticket office, the
money is refunded. The object of
this is to stop the peculations of eon
JEWISH RE-UNION. The Jews of
Charleston, after a separation of
twenty-five years into ten distinct
societies, have again united in tho
bonds of a common brotherhood and
are going to work repairing their
beautiful house of worship in Sase!
A lotter written from New York to
a Southern paper asserts that there is
in "Wall street a Southern minister,
who can "outpreaeh" any three of
the ablest divines in the city, engaged
in the gold and general brokerage
business, and making a large for?
Tb? last dav pf the great exhibition
wa? brit littio behind its predecessors
in interest and excitement. Altlrough.
tile season tickets wtrre withdrawn oa.
Thursday evening, tho hali was com?
fortably "fifled -with, visitors, during
fos^dayj and, in the ev?nipg, "a pcr
r cet, ovation toole place. The Blues'
band performed some pf its-' choicest;
I selections. Precisolj- as the clock
.tolled ont ten, the gong sounded, the*
crowd commenced leaving the hall, '
and hundreds of busy fingers were
at work, packing np and making rea?
dy the remaining goods for removal!
from the hn.ll. Thus the great South?
ern Belief Fair-one of the most suc?
cessful enterprises of tho kind ever
undertaken-came tp a eloseainid
c on gr at ul a t io n s and good .wishes. The ?
precise amount realized by thc fair
cannot be ascertained at this tune,
! but the gr??t exhibition has yielded 1
- not less than. $180,000.
' ~ . [Baltimore Sim.
FORNEY SAYS NEOKOES SH ac LD
HAVE THE SOITRTSKN OFFICE*.-lu Uie
Washington Chrtmicle*, of yesterday,
is the following degrading, shameful
proposition-one which will "excite
disgust aud contempt for Forney oven
.in the negro's mind. That infajno?s,
unprincipled, vile reprobate says:
"Wo are _certain of one thing,
however, and it is time the .present
Administration understood it"; thp
loyal people of the United States
who ar?Plargely ?n the majority, thank
God-would rather have u black
loyalist than a white rebel entrnsted
with office. We do not set? why the
offices at the disposal of the Post?
master-General should go a begging
while this element remains at the
If all white men were like Forucy,
wo, too, should prefer negroes for
<iffiee-liolders. - Richmond Dispatch.
A I?EMA*ftKAiu.E STORY.-"A writer
in Blaekwood'.s Magazine, who pro?
fesses to have lieen a Confederate
officer, tells a story in the last num?
ber of that magazine, which sounds
somewhat Munehsusenish, about a
rebel soldier, who fell by his side. A
Yankee bullet had struck him in the
middle of the forehend, and he was
regarded as killed outright, but, to
his surprise, be found him. a few
hours later, fighting again. The
writer of the artiele neeoiiuts for this
in these words: " According to the
surgeon's statement, the ball striking
obliquely, had glanced, passing be?
tween cutiele and skull, all rovnd the
he-nf, emerging al last /non thc very
plitee it had first entered!"
' A Noisy GUN.-"here is now in
session in. Washington city a board
of military officers, who are examin?
ing new guns, and intend to decide
1 as to what kind shall hereafter be
made at the Government armories.
Among other new models submitted
for their inspection is a breach-load?
ing lille, invented by Colonel li. H.
Jenks, of Philadelphia, which loads
and fires thirty-two rounds per min?
ute, or 100 rounds in three miuutes
and twenty seconds, which is pro?
nounced by the Board to be the most
rapid firing ever achieved. In a word,
50,000 men would lire over 90,000,000
times in cue hour. Who could os
c.i}*' a ball nuder snell a tire?
SENSIBLE NEOROES.-Tho following
from the Countrytmai should be read
by all negroes, as it contains more
philosophy than a score of Freed?
men's Bureau addresses:
Work Wanted.-We have esta?
blished a .shop at Turnwold, where
we are prepared to do all manner ot
wood and iron work-wagon making
and repairing included. We lwave
not turned fools because we. are free,
but know we have to work for our
living, and are determined to do it.
We mean to he sober, industrious,
honest and respectful to white folks;
and so we depend on them to give us
work. WILLIAM & JIM.
Among other North Carolinians
lately pardoned by the President, are
ex-Governor Manly and Mr. N. W.
Woodfin, of Buncombe.
COMMKKCUI. ANO VISAJtCIATU
BALTIMORE, Am il 13. There bas berni a
fair (legree ?if activity this week in cotton,
sales of some 400 to f>ot> bab a having been
made. The transactions wer?1 mostly upon
a basis of :(."> cents for middling, bul at tho
close the feeling is firmer, and we quote,
to-day, as iollows:
Good Ordinary.32 38
Low Middling ..:tl 35
Middling. 3G 37
Good Middling.3S rv.?
S WANNAH, April ll. The receipts of
cotton sine? the iltli inst, havo been as fol?
lows, vi/: 4,06'.) bali-s of upland, 31 bales
Sea island. Tb?- exporta during the samo
period have been 1,208 bales of upland, (ll
lutles Sr a Island, as follows: To Liverpool
8,28] bales uplands, 60 bales Sua Island;
New York, 893 bales upland cotton; to Bal?
timore, 31 bales upland -leaving on band
and on shipboard not cleared, on the lit h
inst., a stock ?if 15,813 bales of upland,
517 bal. s oT Sea Island, and 1,283 bales ?if
Ordinary. . . nominal.
Low Middling. . ..23 @
Middling . .84 f.?34*
Stud Middling.35 @3?
Good Middling. .. 36J@37
NEW YOUK, April Ki. The cotton market
exhibits a declining tendency. Sales l,itK>
bab s, at 37 em.ts. Gold 25?'.
Pour OF CHARLESTON, APRIL 1*.
Steamship Gen. Custer, Harris, Baltimore.
Br. bark Architect, Cardia", Wales.
M. L. s.-hr. J. B. Clayton, New York.
Sehr. Milton, Applepaith, Baltimore.
m?t nVi > TTJ I r $?mm
\ . Tis? Cotton Crc;: si I860. ? V
' Th^ following is a private letter ad?
dressed by aa experienced and intel?
ligent ootton planter of this State
td one of onr leading cotton factors.
"Eis estimate of the crop of th is-rear,
it 'itrill "?e ttes^is i;500,0t iO balea.
His views arc nx>t. based -upon mer?
conjecture, bot the result of 'tr ai ose
investigation:*^- \". ? > ' *,*\ /
t : J)EA?3?: In r?piy?-?o yrjair sug?
gestion please accept the following
estimate. " .It Ts not exact to fractio?
al ' exactness? but -near enough fop
argument and inference. . Ton will
allow mete say that while ? do not
rejoice in the present, F am not des?
pondent of the future.*" Tho estimate
is this: > . . .
The crop of i860 wa* 4,600,000
bales; the' un ruber of laborers was
1,000,000 black, 250,000 white, thus
making au average pf 3^ bales per
hand. - " J "
I disposeof.the black labor thus:
Of the army, dead and alive, 160,000;
dead Jcry destitution and disease,
150>000; left field work, 200,000;
black laborers now at work in tho
cotton States, 500,000. These; under
the old regime, by the average above,
ought to make 1,875,000 bales.
They yin not make so much for
these reasons: Under the old regime
they were in the field 64 hours per
week, under the new arrangement
48 hours per week. They thus must
do one-fourth less work than formerly.'
But they are not worth aa much
while at ' work as formerly by one
fifth at least. Thus the possible pro?
duction-1,875,000 bales-must b?
diminished one-foiirth and one-fifth,
leaving 1,030,000 as the probable
production of black laborers.
The white labor (250,000) I dispose
of tims: Killed and crippled and ir
other employments, 125,000, leaving
in the cotton field 120,000. These
at the above average, make, sa]
470,000 bales. Add to this the pro
duct of black labor, 1,030,000, an?
we have total, for 1?66. 1,500,001
If any are disposed to question tb
accuracy of the boars of labor (an<
I write what I know) T will reduo
the slave's hours to sixty per week
advance the freedman's to fifty, an?
that will make thc uggregat
1,000,000. Tho relative value iu th
field 1 have put too low, but we wi!
let it stand. Many will say it ongh
to be reduced one-fourth, instead o
Au incidental and important fae
should not be omitted; the rich alb
vial lands, to a large extent, are idle
The dependence must be on the hi
lauds, and the best of these wasted b
j the neglect of two or three years. .
Take these facts for what they ai
worth, and I think they aro worth ?
much as the unconsidered trifles <
those who aro addicted to looking i
the world through a gimlet-hole. 1
fact, I think they are worth as mut
as General Sherman's dictum, wh?
after visiting Utile Rock, Ark., fe
sanguine that a large cotton ere
would he aiadi\ And Liverpool r
peats tbe'proph.^y, and cotton fal
one farthing ! By such absurdities
cotton is beared down to its prese:
Very respectfully, vours,
* J. W. B.
[AVtr Orleans Crescent.
The JLtmru/id, a Hebrew pap
published at Lyck, in the Previa
of Eastern Prussia, says that si.\
Jewish families have determined
form a colony near Jarla, in Pal?
The colored people who are raisi
cotton along the Mississippi hi
resolved to patronize only the
steamboat lines which treat them
? .pial with thc whites.
SIR KRAUT, il
3BARRELS MAUR KRAUT.
6 dozen Fresh Tomatoes -in 2-11?. ea
20 dozen Pickles -all sizes.
Spanish Olives, Olive Oil-pta. and q
And a general assortment of ch?
Groceries, Wines and Liquors,
April 19 1 Bedell's Row
REWARD, IF REQUIRED.
WILL tho parties who knocked
down and robbed mo of my Wat
on the evening of the loth, opposite
Baptist Church, have tho kindness to
turn me a small IRON KEY? It is \
valuable to me, and can bo of no use io
parties who have it, and I beg of them
return it in an envelope. Mark it "J. .
(care of Mr. Janney. ) By complying v
the above request, you will confer ft gi
favor, and I will most cheerfully forj
von for all von have done to mc: <>r 1
give a reward of TEN DOLLARS, and
no questions. April 19
Greenville and Columbia Ratho
OEN'L SUPERINTENDTS 0FF10]
COI.CMIUA, April 18, lsfitf.
ON and after FRIDAY nest, 19th ii
tho Passenger Trams wili run d
(.Sundays excepted) until further notice
Leave Columbia at. 7.00 a
" Alston at .11.00
" Newberry at .12.50 p
Arrive at Abbeville at . COO
" at Anderson at.H.10
.' at Greenville at ... .9.00
Leave Greenville at.4.30 a
" Anderson at..r,.:t0
I " Abbeville at. 7.45
j " Newberry at. Lit p
, Arrive at Alston at. 2..Y
" at Columbia at.7.Co
j A liberal reduction has been made
i through tare, thc distanco by railroad 1
I ing been increased, and the stages bi
under the control of tb? Company.
I pounds Imyijage only allowed b> a wi
seat all over to be charged extra.
J. B. LASSAIXE,
April 19 General Superintended
i Country papers advertising for the C
pany will'please copy.
To-Day's Sales at Auction.
?WIXfLs?il, THIS DAV- at. th? Auettpn
Room of Durhec k Waiter, a fine ? ssor: -
ment of DEY GOODS, (see band-bilk?,)
ufrjirtyarty u/Jftr. JSs. G. GihimH-, to sa?
tisfy cl ai ois of United States nu tho rit io v
1 cr ma cash. - . JJy order of .* .
. ?ew^baL^M. A. AM KS.
.X. B. MESXAUR, Capt. 25th Ohio Vols.,
sad A. P. Marshal-. ' " - -.April g
PC BBLS. Refined White KEROSENE Ol I.;
f_f best. -For sale- at a low price bv
Aprataa -c. H. RAJSBWIS.
I fi>' TXERCE3 Daria' DIAMOND HAMS.
JJ 1 box Breakfast BACON STRIPS. For
ale at fair prices by .C. H. BALDWIN.
April 19, . -v ._2
gelf-BaMng Flour S
TTtOBs?l? by ; A. GTDAYIS. 1*t?in st.,
IX; 2d door aboye old Citv Sot el Corner.
April 19 ? 1
- ?* ... i?, i i . -
- NOTICE. .
DTJMNG OUR ABSENCE, all orders
will be received and all office business
attended to by oar pupil. Mr. WALLACE
PEARSON. KAY & REWKTSON,
Architect? and Engineers.
Mr. KAY will rein rn within one we?*.
April 1? 3 / ~ .
? A MEDIUM-SIZED BLACK
^krik^ HORSE, with a short tail." IL- was
J*fW.t|taken oft" hy a bright mulatto hov,
VL 71 named Bili, hire-footed, one foot
sore, badly clothed, and wore a ragged
straw hat. lt is supposed he bas gone to?
wards Camden or Hopkins' T. Of A liberal
reward will be paid for any i u form a t ion re?
lative to the horse, OT for his delivery to
Mr. J. C. .TANNEY, at Columbia, 8. C.
April 19 _ _ ii
State South Carolina-Riehl and Dist.
Hy Jacob Bell, Ordinary erf said "District.
WHEREAS Salim J. Freeman hath ap
pUed to me for letters* of adminio
tratioi ru all and singular, tbe goods and
chattet , rights and credits of Dr. William
C. Freeman, late of the District aforesaid,
These are, therefore, U> eit-e and admouioh
all aud singular tho kindred and creditor.?
Of the said decease?!, to be and appear be-"
fore me, at our next Ordinary's Court for
the said District, to be holden* at Columbia
on Monday, the thirtieth day of April inst.,
at 10 o'clock a. m., to show cause, if any,
why the said administration should not be
Given ander my hand and seal of the Court,
this sixteenth day of April, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hun?
dred and sixty-six, and in thu ninetieth
vear of American independence.
April 19^ tb'2 Ordinary Richland Dist.
ICE CREAM GORDEN
Is now Open for the Season !
ATTACHED to McKenzie's Manufactur?
ing Confectionary, on Plain street,
below the Shiver House.
ICE CREAMS, WATER ICES, LEMON?
ADES, OAKES. &c, will be served np daily
Ladies and <<ontlenien will hud this a
pleasant resort of a warm eveuing. The
proprietor will use his best endeavors to
make bis patrons cool.
At the Confectionary will be found plaiu
CANDIES and SUGAR PLUMS of his own
make; besides a very tine selection of
French Candies, Bon-Bons, Cream Drops
and Sticks, Chocolate, Almonds, Drops,
Sticks and Cakes, just received.
Cakes of all descriptions baked fresh
every day. J. MCKENZIE,
April 19 3_ Columbia, S. C.
WILL FIND AT
C. F. IBS SHE
AN elegant assortment of SWISS and
CAMBRIC INSERTING? and EDG?
j Cambric and Dimity BANDS,
i Real TH READ El M3LNGS.
FLOUNCING for Skirts.
White French Muslin for Spencers.
Every variety of Dress Buttons.
A tino stock of BLACK SILK and LACE
COVERINGS, which will be sold ou the
MOST REASONABLE TERMS for CASH.
April 19 _1_
Boots, Shoes & Hats.
WE have on hand a good assortment
of DRY GOODS, together with a
large stock of SHOES and MAI'S: also, a
variety of TRUNKS, from the cheapest
Packing to the finest Traveling Trunk,
which we ofter for sale at LOW RATES:
Ladies' Cloth Gaiters,
" Kid SUppera.
" Embroidered Slippers.
Gent's Oxford Ties.
" Kid Gaiters.
" Patent Leather Gaitera.
" Opera Boots.
Also, a good assortment of BROGANS,
and Misses', Boys' and Children's SHOES.
Together with a variety of Felt, Wool
and Straw HATS.
R. C. SHIVER. W. M. BECKHAM.
April 19 2
FRESH CONGRESS WATER,
PORTABLE LEMONADE, CITRATE
MAGNESIA, SEIDLITZ POWDERS.
With large and new supplies of standard
GROCERIES, LIQUORS, Ac. At
MELVIN M. COHEN'S,
Assembly street, West side,
One door from Pendleton atoeet.