Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning, Hay 18, 1866. tm
Profit? or Manufacturing.
The necessity is now upon the
people of the South to diversify their,
industrial pursuits. Heretofore the
production of our great staples was
the chief occupation of capital and
labor, and the quantities produced
supplied the world, and in a great
measure controlled the business and
commerce of the world. But after
all this was done, paying well as lt
did, it left nothing behind but ex-1
haust?d, worn-out old fields, ?ad
hence the planter had constantly to
seek tho new and rich lands of the
West to invest his capital and em?
ploy his labor. Thus there was an
actual impoverishment of the old
home, and therefore no permanent
improvement or building up of enter?
prises that would become more and
more valuable every year.
But, as we have said before, the
great and radical change that has
swept over the South leaves the ne?
cessity upon us of seeking new fields
for the employment of capital. Manu?
factures and trades, arts aud sciences,
must now be cultivated, or else we
must degenerate as a people, when
compared with the North or Great
Britain. The attention of capitalists
and business men is thus forcibly di?
rected to other avenues of industry,
to other means of producing wealth. I
With abundant water power, with j
the staples around, with an inexhaust
ible supply of minerals, of course the !
first aud most attractive pursuit is
that of . manufacturing. For tho en?
couragement of those who contem?
plate engaging in the business, we
append the following facts and figures
collected by the Memphis Appeal:
Some tables recently published ex?
hibit that there were, even six years
ago, 104,000 operatives engaged in
manufacturing in New York and its
two tributaries, Newark and Patter?
son, whose gross earnings were $186,
798,705, or an average earning to
each operative in New York cf $1,
283, in Newark, $1,201, and in Pat?
terson, $1,171-the city operative
having very much the largest earn?
ing. At the same time, Boston and
Lowell, with their supposed manu?
facturing advantages, had but 32,
489 operatives, with a gross earning
of $54,371,144, or an average per
operative of $1,872 at Boston, and
but $1,382 at Lowell. Philadelphia
gave employment to over 96,000
operatives, with an average of earn?
ing, for each, of $1,373.
In St. Louis the average earnings
of each operative is $2,328, $2,190
in Chicago, $1,574 in Cincinnatti,
and $1,336 in Pittsburg. The same
set of tables show that every dollar of
capital invested in manufactures in
St. Louis yields more than two dollars
At the begiuning of the war even,
the value of manufactures in New
York city exceeded by $28,000,000
those of four of the New England
States; and it is alleged that those
of Chicago also, are now greater in
value than the manufactm-es of three
of the New England States.
There is much to encourage our
people in these statistics. We have
magnificent water-power scattered
over every Southern State; we have
the great staple, cotton, at our fac?
tory doors without the cost of trans?
portation ; thc iron ore and coal aro
below the surface of tho earth ready
to be disembowelled, and, in all par?
ticulars almost, we have superior ad?
vantages over the great manufactur?
ing depots of the North and East.
If we have a scarcity of labor at pre?
sent, it will eventually come. The
high average earnings of operatives
recorded in the above compilation,
which we think would be fully as
high, if not higher, here at the South,
would unquestionably attract labor,
aud the artizans of the over-crowded
population of Europe. So that be?
sides the overruling necessity which
governs us at this time, there is every
pecuniary inducement to our people
to enter at once with spirit and energy
on this new field of industry, wealth
and permanent prosperity.
HEBREW CONVENTION.-Wo learn
from the Jewish Messenger that the
. annual session of the Board of Dele?
gates will commence on Sunday, May
20, in th? city of New York. The
executive committee have issued a
circular notifying the congregations
of the timo and place, and an un?
usually full representation is antici?
pated. The questions to bo consi?
dered at the coming session will bo of
importance to Israel.
The mortality in Charleston, for the
eleven months just ended, foots up,
whites 560, ?.lacks 1,503.
I No Mpre Humiliation.
The Southern people have done
everything consistent with honor and
principle that can be expected from
them. They are not "dirt-eaters,"
and cannot be humiliated further
than the fortuites of war have
jected them. The third section of
the constitutional amendment dis?
franchises the Southern people for
four years, under the pretence that it
will require that this period of proba?
tion is to make them better citizens
of the Union.
The 26th of April and the 10th of
May seemed to have maddened the
radicals. On the former d?te; the
ladies of the South, true to their pa?
triotic instincts, and their fond re?
membrances of their gallant dead,
determined to decorate the graves of
those heroes, and to keep green their
memories. On the hitter occasion,
the ceremonies commemorating the
death of Stonewall Jackson, drive
them raving. Thank God, wo aro
not yet driven to the position of ab?
ject slaves. We have gone just as
far as we eau be driven. Although
wo have accepted in good faith all the
requisitions of our situation, and are
as loyal as any people of any section
of tho Union, there is still left among
us a spirit that will submit to no fur?
ther humiliation to the decrees of the
We have no idea that the people ol
the South should submit to any fur?
ther degradation. True and loyal tc
the Government, unrepresented as
they are in the councils of that Go?
vernment, they are still willing to re?
sume their rightful position, and nc
persecution of the radicals will bc
able to drive them from their posi?
tion of dignified submission to their
inevitable position. Let our people
watch and wait, these dark days will
soon pass over.
We published, yesterday, a para
graph respecting the relations of this
General towards Maximilian whei
that Prince was about to found ar
empire in Mexico. It was then statei
that he was enthusiastically in favoi
of the establishment of the empire
To-day, our Northern exchange.*
bring tis the intelligence that the
General has arrived in this countn
by steamer from St. Thomas. Hi:
arrival was quite unexpected. It ii
understood that the object of tin
General in visiting the United Statei
is to unite his efforts with those o
the Liberal party of Mexico in ox
pelling Maximilian from that conn
try, and that in a few days he wil
issue a manifesto to the public, ex
plaining his previous conduct in re
latiou to Mexican affairs, and expr?s*
ing the objects of his future course.
This expiant!* 'on, we think, can b
easily made. " the time he was s
earnest in behalf of the empire, h
said the oniy remedy for the sad coi
dition of affairs in Mexico was "th
substitution of a constitutional en:
pire for that farce called a republic.
He then thought that he might attai
a high position in tho empire, bi
Maximilian distrusted him, and r<
jected his fawning proffers to aid bia
Hence his present attitude of ho:
tility to tho empire. Sueh a man :
not to be trusted, and our own op
mon is that he is a great humbug.
Tlie Fr? <'?lui? M'S Kur<-a.u.
We have already noticed therepor
of Generals Stecdman and Fullerton
in relation to the working of tho 13
reau in Virginia and North Carolin
As regards this State, we have tl
following despatch from the Ne
York Hernhl, dated Washington, 13
"Indications are that South ('ar
lina will prove almost as fruitful
disclosures concerning the fra?dale
operations of the Freedmen's Jiurei
as either of the States reported upo
Private information received fro
that quarter states that Brig, Ge
Ely is running live plantations; ti
of them, ho states, aro on Govcr
ment account, for which a rental
$5,000 is paid, without direct antin
I ity from tho Government. The oth
I three farms, (Jen. Ely claims, a
I being worked by the freedmen 1
their own benefit; but it has been i
certain ed that Government ratio
aro furnished them, (relierai Steo
niau was to leave Charleston ou t
13th instant, to open an Invostigati
among tho sea islands. Some sta
ling facts are expected.*'
Let it bo noted that ali the acts
the President most loudly compla
ed of by tho politicians aro in t
direction of leaving power in t
hand of the people, where it rightfn
belongs. The President says, "y
must try the people;" the Rudie
say you must not.
^^jrMU o? Mr. Davis.
The rumored trial of Jeff. Davis
seems to be involved in some carious
complications. The special correa-,
pondent of th New York 2iew$,
under date of the 13th instant, tele?
graphs to that paper the following:4
"It is a noteworthy circumstance
in connection with the efforts that
are now being made to bring Jeffer?
son Davis to trial, that the Judiciary
Committee, to whom was referred,
weeks ago, the question whether any
legislation on the part of Congress
was necessary in order to bring him
to trial, have confined their labors ex?
clusively to the collection and exami?
nation of testimony to prove the com?
plicity of Mr. Davis in the assassina?
tion of Lincoln; but have not taken
a single Rtep towards bringing him to
trial for treason, or toward facilitating
such a trial. To judge from their
labors, it would seem that they at
least have no intention of having Jef?
ferson Davis tried for treason.
"?Whatever the ground of their ac?
tion in this respect may be, it is cer?
tain that the recent indictment of
Mr. Davis, at Norfolk, was brought
about by Judge Underwood, on his
own responsibility, and that it has
not received thc sanction of tho Go?
vernment, or any officer or branch
thereof, ns I stated in my last de?
spatch. Jefferson Davis was indicted
for treason by order of this same
Underwood, last stimmen At that
time, the Attorney-General directed
the over-zealous Underwood to lot
the matter drop, and that indictment
was quietly withdrawn.
"The present indictment is a mere
copy of the former one, but it is well
known to the Government, and to alt
its law officers, that Jefferson Davis'
crime, whatever it may be, does not
amount to treason, and that, tried in
any civil court, a conviction for trea?
son cannot be secured. To place
Jefferson Davis on trial for treason,
is to have it proclaimed that he did
not commit treason, and it is a know?
ledge of the fact that has hitherto
prevented his trial. If he is put on
trial under this indictment, it will
simply be in order that he may be
honorably acquitted. Underwood and
such men as Nye, who thirst for the
blood of Jefferson Davis, do not see
this, but Thaddeus Stevens sees it.
and hence his anxiety to get Mr.
I Davis tried as au accomplice of the
TITE NEW FIVE CENT COIN.-The
Act which has passed the Senate and
House of Representatives to author?
ize the coinage of five cent pieces,
provides "that the new five cent
shall be composed of copper and
nickel, not exceeding twenty-five per
cent, of nickel. This coin is to be a
legal tender to the amount of Si, aud
redeemed when presented in sums of
not loss than $100. It is proposed to
make this coin exactly five grammes,
or 7716-100 grains in weight. Three
of tho coins will weigh one-half of an
ounco, and will be convenient in the
pocket for a postage weight. The
law also prohibits the issue of frac?
tional notes less than ten cents after
tho,passage of this Act. The color
and appearance of this coiu will be
similar to thc three cent coin author?
ized by Act of March 3, 1865."
President Johnson has appointed
Col. Walter B. Scales, Collector of
Customs for Chicago, to get up the
five cont piece, which is soon to bo ?
issued. It will cost about ?600,000.
There will be, when the coinage is I
completed, $3,500,000 in money in j
circulation, that being the amount of j
postal currency in five cent pieces I
that the new coin is intended to sn-!
POPULATION OF THE SOUTHERN 1
STATES IN 1860.-Looking cursorily .
over the returns, it appears that the |
fifteen slaveholding States in I860
contained 12,210,000 inhabitants, of
whom 8,039,000 were whites, 251,000
free colored persons, and 3,950,000
were slaves. The actual gain of the
whole population in the States from j
j ISSI) to 1860 was 2,027,000, equal to !
J 27.33 per cent. The white population
of the free States for the same period I
numbered 18,926,569, and 237,218
A special despatch to the Charles?
ton Courier, dated Washington, May
(len. Sickles has reconsidered his
declension of tho Hague mission, and
will accept it.
The Senate will undoubtedly sus?
tain tho Colorado veto. A caucus o?
Republican Senators having ascer?
tained that they cannot muster a I
two-thirds vote for the constitutional I
amendment proposed by the Renou -
Btrnctiou Committee, have postponed
further action until next week.
tien. Stoneman's report to Gen.
Grant blames the negroes as the
cause of the Memphis riots.
The body of Hon. Preston King,
Collector of tito port of New York,
has boen recovered at last. It will be
remembered that he tied several bags
of shot around his waist, and then
pimped into the North River.
The steamers City of Paris and the
Germania arrived at New York ou
the 13th inst., bringing dates from
Liverpool to the 3d inst. The wholo
;news by these arrivals is devoted to
th? coming war in Europe, and for
the information of our readers we
make the following extracts. It
would appear that all Europe is to
be involved in the approaching con?
Tho intelligence from Germany
and Italy continues menacing, and
armaments are vigorously pushed
forward. The Italian fleet has left
Genoa; destination unknown.
The depression on the London and
Paris Exchanges is unabated. The
French rentes fell an additional
three-quarters per cent, on the 2d,
closing firmer, under a rumor of me?
diation by France, England and
Russia, The rumor had not been
A Bombay telegram, of April 2G,
reports a panic in the money ?uur
kets, and that bills were generally
The Bank of England, to-day, ad?
vanced its rates of interest to seven
PANIC IN LONDON AND PAMS. -The
London Times city article says:
A state of panie greater than has
been experienced ?it any time during
thc past nine years has prevailed in
all the markets to-day. A further
fall of five per cent, in Italian stock,
and of l'? per cent, in French rentes,
coupled with another heavy outflow
of gold from the Bank of England,
which suggests tho early possibility
of a movement of the rate of dis?
count np to seven per cent., have
been the principal causes of the gene?
ral confusion and loss of confidence.
The. shares of the various tinline*
companies have been sold at am
price that could be obtained, ami bu
siuess has been adjourned till Wed
nesday, (the Stock Exchange being
closed to-morrow,) under circum
stances of intense anxiety.
American securities were iuehldei
in the general decline.
United States five-twenties closet
On the 1st there were of course n<
transactions on the Stock Exchange
The drain of gold from the Bunk o
England for the Continent continued
The discount demand was pretb
active, abd in the open market then
were very few transactions below si:
FEARFUL PANIC IN PAULS. -About:
week ugo, before the Austrian propo
sal for a reciprocal disarmament
which for a short, time acted os a jae]
o' lanthorn, was known. 1 unhesita
tingly put upon an article in th
Puya, clearly dictated by the Frene,
Government, the construction tha
war was certain. That idea now pos
Besses every mind. The full on th
irregular Bourse, of Sunday, which
noticed, has been adopted und sui
passed to day. The panie is fearful
rente fell -more than it hus ovc
fallen in any one day since the appr<
hension of war prevailed, 1 franc 5<
for cash, und 1 fruue 25c. for a?
count, closing at 65 francs 65c. an
65 francs 15c. Italian suffered tl
tremendous decline of 4 francs 4 Oe
the lust quotation b?iug 4:1 fruin
90c. (!) Mobilier fell 26 franc
Bredit Foncier 55 francs; Compto
d'EsCompte '55 fri mes; the Nor the i
Bail way 20 francs; Orleans 10 franc
Lyons 43 francs 75c. The only ra:
way which did not fall was Souther
which rose 7 francs 60o.
I fun's Cor. IJOMIOH Times.
ATTITUDE OK FRANCE. A speci
council of Ministers was held on tl
30th ult., under the presidency of tl
Emperor. It is stated that the su
ject under discussion was a propos
made by Prince Metternich, the Ai
trian Ambassador to Paris, that Ai
tria and Italy should simultaneous
The Constitutionnel ol the 1st, pu
lishes an article showing that slim
war break out France will in no w
be responsible. France has remain
entirely neutral; she has reserved
herself complete liberty of acth
?i d will not be drawn iuto v
against her will by any occurrej
Owing to the war news, the Bon
has been in a state of "confus
worse confounded" for a week, w
no present signs of am?lior?t]
Then' have boen rumors that the ]
position would be deferred; but i
reported l>y some journalists, of
class who are always on intim
terms at the Tuilleries, and ki
everything the Emperor andEmpi
"say in their private apartments, t
his Majesty exclaimed, apropos
something, or-perhaps even of nc
ing: "Well, if there is war, it will
of short duration, and will not !n
fere with the opening of tho Exp
tion next your."
PERSONA J. Gen. I5. (I. T. Bi
regard, accompanied by u i
Florenci and .Mr. Sell wart'/.. urn
in Baltimore on Sunday morn
from New Orleans, and stoppe<
Barnum's Hotel, where, througl
the day, tin; General was the eei
of attraction t<> a very huge nun
of citizens. He left last evening
New York, en route to Europe
negotiate a loan, it is understood,
the railroad of which he is the
, siding office!.
- -,-?*. ?
Receipts at the New Orleans (
toni House for the four months,
ing May first, were nearly 82,500,
Secretary Seward left the city yes?
terday evening for New York, and
we understand he also purposes visit?
ing his house at Auburn.
Members have given up the plan
of a recess, and some are very hope?
ful that the session may be brought
to a close by the end of June. The
Senate will be willing to adjourn and
leave the field to thc President fox
the next live or six months, provided
thej' can force the passage of a law
which will prohibit the President
from removing any of his radical op
poneuts from office, or appointing
any in their places during the recess.
They will, if possible, impose some
check upon the exercise of his con?
I Thc political movement in favor ol
j electing Geu. Grant as the next Pre
I sident, has met with wonderful sue
I cess. The Republicans of all shade*
accept the proposition as the best, i
i not only, mode of securing their de
sired ends. That is the compromise
to be offered to the eleven Southern
States. The Republicans are to hav<
the Presidency for the next tenn, am
the South may have restoration am
[Cor. Ballimore Sun, 15th.
. A magnificent horse has arrive*
here, which was sent by the Mexioai
General Carvajal as a present to Gen
Grant. Tin? horse is a descendan
from pure Arabian stock, and is th
samo that C?en. Carvajal rode throng!
all Iiis campaigns.
Col. Bradley T. Johnson, of Mary
land, has been pardoned by tu
THE RADICALS FRIGHTENED.
"Philip," the Washington corret
pondent of tho Boston Travelle
(Republican) says: The prospect i
dark. If Congress adjourns withou
doiug anything, it is plain that th
President will carry the next House
Yet some of the insane extremists i
Congress urge a do-nothing policy
It is precisely what the Presider
wants, and he shows his sagacity i
it. He has a policy; so far Congres
has not. If he can keep Congress i
this attitude before the eouidiry, he :
A correspondent of the Bosto
Journal writes: There seems to be i
Washington general alarm at tl:
drift of things, aud some Senate:
who have opposed the admissic
of Representatives from the Stab
lately in rebellion now express then
selves ready to vote for men who.'
loyalty is unquestioned. Unless th
is done, the Democrats will organi:
the uext House.
JUSTICE AS ADMINISTERED BY TE
"BUREAU" AT MEMPHIS.-The Mer
phis Argus, of the 10th, cites the fe
lowing as an instance of the wi
justice is administered in that city 1
a choice spirit of the Bureau:
Last Monday, a negro man, pa
tinily intoxicated, named Jim Harri
entered the house of a citizen i
South street, while the family we
seated at the table. This uniuvit
buck nigger thrust himself iuto a sc
by tin; side of the lady of the hom
aim in thc presence of the famil
committed au act of beastliness t
revolting to mention, and from t
bare intimation of which hnmani
shrinks with loathing aud iudigi
tion. A man across the street,
traded by the confusion which <
sued, rushed over, and instead o
more violent act, which any rc
would have been at least prompted
do, pulled the nigger out of the hoi
and gave him something of a tiri
bing. Officers Calvey ami Mcllva
arrived on the ground some ti
after and arrested the wretch. Tu
day morning, he was arraigned bef
the nigger guardian, Captain Wal
for tho offence, which was certai
the most heinous conceivable, to
short of violence. The white n
who interfered was also present, i
testified as a witness, and the cha
was sustained. And what was
action of the scented court? '
nigger was fined ero, and the wi
man $20. Ni? wonder the "Bure
is scorned by the Southern peoph
Hv.i> I CON KILPATRICK.-The!
Hampshire Slates and Union i
compliments Major-General Ki
trick on his protest against the b
bardment of Valparaiso by the ?
.?Our readers will remember
Kilpatrick, who was a Federal cav
leader the latter part of the war,
afterwards an Abolition disui
stump-speaker in New Jersey,
his heathenish brutality and bar
ism at the South he was appointe
A. Lincoln as minister to Chili,
a residence ::t Valparaiso. It s<
that just before the Spanish 1
bardment of that city on the 31
March, General Kilpatrick bet
very tender-hearted, and thong
was too bad to destroy a city
taiuing "thousands of helpless
men and children" who WOlll
"driven from their homes to die ?
the desert hills," &c. And s<
wrote a letter to each of the <
foreign ministers at Valparaiso.
"A very nice and pious sort
fellow is this finished villain,
brutal, God-abhorred wretch,
traveled from Atlanta to Raleigt
a sword in one hand anda tor
the other, slaying and burnir
that stood in his desolating patl
-? ^ ? ,
In Evansville, Ind., all pe
offending against municipal n
tioiis, and unable to pay their
are to be worked on the stro
six cents a day, until fine and
. Lovers of turtle soup were disappointed
yesterday. It will be served up to-day, at
toe ?'Bear Eons*."
The Superior Provost Court was en?
gaged, yesterday, in investigating tbe case
of the shooting of John Brown, (a freed?
man,) on Friday night last, by Mr. Oreen,
Chief of Police. Many witnesses were ex?
amined. The result is not yet known.
A protracted meeting was to have com?
menced last night, at the Marion Street
Methodist Church, but owing to the unfa?
vorable weather, it was postponed, "ifs
have been requested to state that, weather
permitting, there will be service to-night.
POSTPONED.-Owing to the very incle?
ment weather, yesterday, the trotting
match was postponed. It is expected to
come off this afternoon. Omnibuses will
leave Nickerson's and the Shiver House for
THE WEATHER.-Bain, rain, rain, has
been the daily programmo for a length of
time. Mud walls stand a poor chance,
and, in a great many cases, down they
come, much to thc chagrin of the unfortu?
THE BiniNiNO or COIJ;MBIA. An inter?
esting account of the "Sack and Destruc?
tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," has
just been issued, in pamphlet form, from
the Phoenix steam power press. Orders
can bo filled to any extent. Single copies
BOOK AND Jon PRINTING. -The Phoenix
office is now fully supplied with cards,
colored and white paper, colored ink, wood
type, etc., and is now in condition to exe?
cute all manner of book and job printing
in the shortest possible time. Give us a
Attention is invited to the advertisement
of Madame Butjcs, in another column.
This lady had charge of the "Central
House." in this city, during the war; and
having returned to Charlestou, has opened
a first-class house, with an ice cream sa?
A WOUNDED SOLDIER BOY - GENUINE LIB?
ERALITY.-On a recent visit to Charleston,
we encountered a former acquaintance, a
lad named Edward James Matthews, who,
owing to his extreme youth, attracted con?
siderable attention at tho Ladies' Way-side
Hospital, in this city, about two years ago.
It appears that Matthews fa an oraban,
and had been takon charge of by Captain
McCoy, of Alabama. Wh^n the war broke
out, his protector went into Confederate ser.
vice, and Matthews-then scarcely twelve
years of age-followed. Captain M. .was
killed at thc battle of Sharpsburg, we be?
lieve. The young soldier continued with
his company, until he received a severe
wound at the battle of Gaines* Mill, during
the ever-memorable "Seven Days' Fight"
before Richmond. As soon as he was able
to travel, ho was removed to a hospital in
Greenville. S. C., and thence to this city.
Ho received every attention from our citi?
zens, and his wound having healed, he
went to Augusta, and endeavored to go to
work. Thc wound broke out afresh, and
he was advised by surgeons to go to New
York, and endeavor to get into a hospital
there. Letters from influential geutlemen
were given him, to be presented to sur?
geons in Gotham; and a small sum of mo?
ney being collected for him, the wounded
lad commenced his journey.
On his arrival in Charleston, his circum?
stances were explained to ono of the clerks
of the Mills House, when that gentleman,
on behalf of Mr. Purcell, invited him to
Btop at that hotel, free of expense. Mi
Leary, one ?f the proprietors of the "maij
steamship" line to New York, was next
waited on, and the poor boy's situation
being stated, a free passage was granted
him in ono of the fine steamers of that
line. It is but justice to the agents of thc
"People's Line" of steamers to state that
they expressed a willingness to give Mat?
thews free transportation in their next
steamer, but as it was deemed necessary to
get bim under surgical attendance as soon
as possible, the generous offer of Mr. Leary
These gentlemen, one and all, in their
treatment of this orphaned Confederate,
havo carruul out the warning of our Sa?
viour in his Sermon on the Mount-"Let
not thy left baud know what thy right
hand doeth." Wo sincerely hope that the
poor boy, through Divine interpositiou,
wil'. be restored to perfect health, and be
able to show to those persons who have
so generously assisted him the just appre?
ciation of their kindess and liberality.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
aro published this morning for the first
J. L. Lumsden- Wagon, Buggy, Ac.
C. Volger-Appointment of Attoruies.
James 1'. Carroll-Committee Meeting.
Thos. Britton Auction Sale.
" " -Proposals for Wood.
C. D. Owens -Mixed Corn.
Madame T. M. Rutjes-Boarding.
Dyspepsia destroys the teeth, unless its
effects arc counteracted by that pure vege?
table tonic and antiseptic, Sozodont. No
bodily disease can impair thom, if this
antidote to all corrosive elements t Lat act
upon the enamel is regularly applied.
THE CROPS. Planters from va?
rious portions of the District, with
whom we have recently conversed,
present a discouraging view of their
prospects. Tho late heavy rains havo
seriously injured tho wheat, and rust
is affecting that cereal. Much of the
cotton seed having failed to come up,
many have replanted their lands in
corn. Corn promises fairly at pre
sent. The fruit crop has been sadly
dumaged by the late frosts.