Newspaper Page Text
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Thursday Morning, Jun? 21, I860.
T?? stuy Uw. ip
. " We have been, ou ono Or two occa?
sions, asked what weie pur views oi?
the late action or th? Court o? En-ors.
pronouncing the stay, law unconsti?
We do not know that our opinion
is worth, anything, but, as we give it
daily on a nu mber of subjects, at the
" moderate Toe of "eight dollars per
annum, "wo.do not see why we should
withhold it on the questiou at issue.
Our opinion is simply this: That the
decision o?* the Court was right, and
having, early iu our career as a jour?
nalist, made the Constitution of- the
United States our cliief article erf
faith on most of the questions we
might be ealled to discuss, we now
refer to it on this point. In the first
article, tenth clause, of that instru?
ment, we find written and commanded
by rta framers, that ""no "State shall
pass any law impairing the obligation
To our minds, this is simple, but
. clear and emphatic language, and", as
South Carolina adopted and ratified
this Constitution, in less than one
year after it had beeu adopted by the
deputies of the people in Conventiou
assembled, we cannot perceive how
the Legisla1 ure of this or any other
State has any right whatever to pass
any law subversive of the above arti?
cle. We, of South Carolina espe?
cially, who have boonie deservedly
. noted for our firm adherence to the
provisions of this honored instru?
ment, should be very chary of oven
seeming to trench upon its wise ?md
" Bat beyond this positive prohibi?
tion of the fundamental law of the
land against any interference with
private contracts, there are various
considerations which should weigh
with all our people. In the first
place, the debtor of this State to auy
creditor in another can be sued in
the United States Court, and his f nl
fiilment of the obligation enforced.
The State law against the collection
of debts would be not only disre?
garded by that tribunal, but would
be justly pronounced unconstitution?
al. And a little reflection must con?
vince any thinking mind, that a law
which keeps the home creditor out of
his dues, and leaves the door wide
open for the foreign creditor, is not
only contrary to tiie Constitution, but
contrary io every ri'le of right and jus?
tice between man and man.
But again, it may be held, and
probably is so held by many, that the
stay law docs not impair the obliga?
tions of contracts, inasmuch as the
validity of the debt is kept intact,
and that tho law merely prevents its
collection for the time being. But
another moment's reflection will
bring to our minds many ways in
which the creditor might lose his
debt because of its existence. Death,
misfortune, or the destruction of the
property upon which tho debt was
originally based, might forever bar
the creditor from recovering that
which was justly his.
The argument that the enforce?
ment of obligations, in the shape of
debts, nt this time, would be cruel and
oppressive, has nothing whatever to
commend it. The fact that a North?
erner, or any other creditor out of
this State, can collect his dues, ever
at the sacrifie? of property, strips il
of any weight it might possibly have.
And we hold that the creditor ha;
rights as well as the debtor, wilie!
are guaranteed by the ConstitutioT
and laws. A merchant may lmv<
several debtors whose aggregate in
debtedness, we say, for the sake o
illustration, reach $10,000, while h<
owes the New York wholesale mer
chant S>8,000. The former, undo
the prohibition of the so-callei
"stay law," cannot collect his money
but this Northern niau can collet'
his, even if he has to "break" hi
debtor, or, in com mon parlance
compel him to "shut np sfiop. "
The injustice, of such a law i;, s
manifest, that we will not fnrthe
extend our remarks at present. W
have no doubt but. the people <
South Carolina will approve th
action of their highest court
Gov. PIOKENS. -The Augusta Cot
slitutionalist learns from a relative <
this distinguished gentleman, that th
report of his illness is unfounded.
Alaster Willie Pope, of Mobile,
t he pianist to the Prince of Wales.
" t*l?*' Rc |J ?m tfk*- AMWMV ."'
lu the officiai report of Generals
Steedt?oan and Fullerton- we obswv?
that. uFnotioing'the nature af'?on?
contracte made in this State, they
gay thar the "frc^men^. ar* little
.Better--^fl* tluui they were" while ?n ?
slavery. " "
Tlve.se commissioners, appointed
by the President, have, in their re?
ports th un far, shown t!iat they were
worthy of the trust reposed in theo^
They have done their duty faithfully,
and apparently without prejudice;
they h ave exposed ?nd censured de-;.
linqnWioies. and commended fidelity
in the offices of tho bureau; bal we
have a word of comment on the
above remark. Tt would appear from
it that .they consider the freed?
men, oven in the case thej' censured,
as batter off rt<>w than they were In*- J
fore theil- condition was changed.
Ii? this, wo think they'err, but,
perhaps, unintentionally. They were
not acquainted with the former sys?
tem, and the condition of those peo?
ple .nuder it. Had they been, we 1
think these frank and candid officers j
would have- discovered that this
people were, generally speaking", a j
little "better oft'" before than they i
are now. even in the best condition j
Uley may have found them in any j
We mnst not be understood aa wish?
ing to return to the old system. That
has been abolished, irrevocably, and
we do not regret it; but it is due to
those who have been most affected by j
the change, that they should be kindly
looked after and properly cared for
by those who have assumed such
charge, and in this respect we art
convinced the tour of these ollieers,
commissioned by the President, will
bo highly advantageous. The people
of tlie South desire, above all things,
in relation to the freed people, that
they should be trained and educated
to habits of industry and taught self
reliance; and if this can be accom
plished fully, there will be no . cause ;
of regret for the change wrought in j
their condition, for both races will !
be benefitted thereby.
That Bill of Fare.
Here is piquant sauce, served up
by the Richmond Times, as an accom- j
paniment to that magnificent bill of ?
prison fare served up to Jefferson !
Davis, over which the Yankees brag :
If the people < >f the North wish to
establish a decent reputation for hu- j
manity, they must make to Christen
dom a more impressive exhibition
than "a mutton chop, four onions
and two boiled eggs a day." This,
we respectfully submit, is a very small
stock in trade Tor a great nation to
open a humanitarian shop with. And
yet it is very evident that the radi?
cals are as proud of President Davis'
"bill of fare" as if they had practiced I
towards him the splendid hospitality i
which the Black Prince did towards !
the captured King of France.
Whenever the slightest r?f?rence is .
made to Dr. Cooper's report and the |
slow torture of the Head Turnkey at j
Fortress Monroe, the "two eggs" and i
the "four small onions" arc thrust
under the nose of the public. With
these somewhat stale and fragrant
arguments they triumphantly refute
all accusations of cruelty. "You ;
manacled a distinguished state pri
goner!" shouts indignant Christen- I
dom. "We give him two eggs," re- j
plies the complacent radical. "Yon |
imprison him in a damp casemate,"
hisses the charitable public, "lint
we give bim onions," squeaks the
Head Turnkey. "Your surgeon re?
ports that by disturbing Mr. Davis'
sleep every two hours, you have re?
duced him to tho condition of a man
liayed alive,"' growls the London
Tittie*. "That may be true," re?
sponds Northern mercy, "bathe gets
his muston chop regularly."
Wc copy tho following advertise- j
merits from a late New York paper? !
THE FEMALE FORM IMPROVED.-- I
Dr. Achille Velpeaue's remedy. Mam- I
maleon, the Breast and Bosom Re
storer. Ladies of all ages can, by I
their own application of the Restorer,
renew their bosoms to the condition
of their youth, while all young ladies
whose development has not been
thorough, can improve their forms
by producing a fullness anti firm
roundness, so typical of all natural
beauty. Its emolient quality gives
an exquisito softness to the skin,
j while it vitalizes and stimulates the
whole muscular action, increasing
! tho development and beautifying the
A DIVORCE LEGALLY OBTAINED IN
Asy STATE-Without publicity or
exposure. No fee charged until n
divorce is granted.
I Montgomery Moses, Collector, and
I J. A. Norwood. Assessor, for Inter?
nal Revenue in the First District of
j this State, have resigned-not being
j able to take the oath.
^ -." Prison L?fr of Mrc ?avl?.
>ye subjoin another chapter from
JJtr. CrfVenfl? volume:
. ?S THB? TXUi'fcl'llX OF THE PJUSONEH.
^ Happening to notice that his coffee
stood cold and apparency untasted
beside his heil, in his tin cup, I re?
marked that here was a contradiction
in the assertion implied in the old
army eiucation, "who ever saw cold
coffee in a tin cup?" referring to the
eagerness with which soldiers of all
dosses, when campaigning, seek for
and use this beverage.
"I cannot drink it," ho remarked,
"though fond of coUee all my life.
It is the poorest article of the sort I
have ever tasted' and if your Go?
vernment pays for such stuff as corleo,
the purchasing quartermaster must
be getting rich?. It surprises me, too,
for I thought your soldiers must nave
the best- many of my generals com?
plaining of the rTiffienlties they en?
countered in seeking to prevent? our
people from making voluntary truces
with your soldiers, whenever tho line?
run near each other, for the purpose
of exchanging the tobacco we luid in
abundance against your cotice and
Told hin) to spend as little time in
beti as he could; that exercise was the
liest medicine for dyspeptic patients.
To this he answered by uncovering
the blankets from his feet and show?
ing me his shackled ankles.
"It is impossible for me, doctor; I
cannot even stand erect. These
shackles are very heavy; 1 know not.
with the chain, how many pounds. If
1 try to move, they trip me, and have
already abraded hroad patches, of
skin from the parts they touch; Can
you devise no means to pad oruushiou
them, so that, when I try to drag
them along, they may nO>t chale me
so intolerably? My limbs have sn
little rlesh on them, and that so weak,
as to be easily lacerated."
At sight of this, I turned away,
promising to see what could be done,
as exercise was the chief medical ne?
cessity in his case; and, at this mo
meut, tlie first thrill of sympathy fot
my patient was experienced.
That afternoon, at au interview
sought with Major-General Miles, nu
opinion was given, that the physical
condition of State-prisoner Davis re
quired the removal of his shackles,
until such time as his health ^Loulil
be established on some firmer basis.
Exercise he absolutely needed, and.
also, some alleviation of his abnor?
mal nervous excitement. No drug;
could aid a digestion naturally weak,
and so impaired, without exercise
nor could anything in the phar maco
poin quiet nerves so overwrought am
shattered, while the continuation o
the irritation of the fetters was conn
terpoising whatever medicines migh
"You believe, it, then, a medica
necessity?" queried General Miles.
"I do, most earnestly."
"Then 1 will give the matter aiton
tion;" and at this point, for tho pre
sent, the affair ended.
May 2t">.-Called with tho officer o
the day, Capt. Janies B. King, nt
p. m. Found Mr. Davis in bed
complaining of intense debility, bu
could not point to any part?cula:
complaint. The pain in his head hu<
left him last night, but had beei
brought back this forenoon, and ag
gravated by the noise of mechanic
employed in taking down thewoodei
doors between his cell and the exte
rior guard-room, and replacing thes
with iron gratings, so that he could
at all times, be seen by the sentrie
in the outside room, as well as by th
two "silent friends," who were th
unspeaking companions of his soli
Noticed that the prisoner's (linne
lay untouched on its tin plate nea
his bed-side, his meals being brough
in by a silent soldier, who placet
food on his table and then withdrew
Had remarked before that he scarce!
touched the food served to him, hi
appetite being feeble at best, and hi
digestion out of order.
Quitting him, I called on Gen
Miles, and recommended that I b
allowed t<> place the prisoner o
a diet corresponding with Iiis conti
tion, which required light and nutr
tious food. Consent was immediate!
giveu, and 1 had prepared and sei
over from my quarters some tea an
toast for his evening meal.
(.ailing about 7 p. m., found M
Davis greatly improved, the tea fin
toast having give n him, he said, nc
lifo. Though he had not coniplnine
of the fare, ho was very thankful f<
He then commenced talking, an
let nie here say that I encourage.! hi
I in this, believing conversation an
I some human sympathy the best m
dicines that could be given to ono i
his state-on the subject of the we
How has tho weather been roiif
or fair? in this huge case-mate, ai
unable to crawl to tho embrasure. 1
i could not tell whether thc weath
i was rough or smooth, nor how ll
j wind was blowing.
"AU my family are nt sea. you a
I aware, on their way to Savanna
and 1 know tho dangers of goii
! down the coast at this seaso'i of t
j year too well to bo without inten
I alarm. My wife and four ohildre
; with oilier relatives, are on board t
? Clyde, and these propellers r<
i dreadfully and are poor sea-boats
I rough weather."
He then explained with great ciel
ness of detail, and evidently bavii
studied the subject, why the dang?
of going down the coast in rouj
weather were so much greater th
coming. Nor'ji. Going down, ships
had to hug the shore-often running .
dangerously near the treacherous
horrors ot.',C?pe Hatteras; while ia
running North they stood ont frein
land to catch the favoring galt streajn,
to avoid which they had to run in
shore as close as they could when
He appeared intensely nnxious on
this subject, recurring to it frequent?
ly and speculating on tho probable j
position of the Clyde at this time. !
"Should she be lost," he remarked,
"it will be 'all my pretty chickens
and their dum at one fell swoop.' It
will be the obliteration of nay name
"Mrs. Davis, too," bu continued,
"has much to contend with. Her
i sister has boen very ill, and her two
I nurses left her while here, and she
; could procure no others. My only
I consolation is that son..* of my pa
j roled people ari- on board, and
t soldiers make excellent nurses.
I Soldier? are fond of children. Per
' haps the roughness of their eampdife
, makes the contrasted playfulness of
infancy so pheasant. Charles of
t Sweden, Frederick the Great and
j Napoleon were illustrations of this
I peculiarity. The Duke of Welling
! ton is thc only eminent commander
. of whom no trait of thc sort is re?
Talking of propellers, and how
I badly they rolled in rough sea, I
j spoke of one called the Burnside, for
l merly stationed at Port Royal, of
j which the .common remark was, that
1 in every three rolls she went clean
"Once," 1 added, "when lier cap?
tain was asked what was her draught
of water, he replied that he did not
I know to an inch the height of t|er
smoke-stack, but that it. was from thjj
top of that to lier keel."
This, and other anecdotes, amused;
the patient for some quarter of an
hour; and whatever could give his
mind a moment's repose was in the
lin?' of his cure.
As I was leaving, lie asked had 1
been able to do nettling to p-id or
\ cushion his shackles? He could take
I no exercise, or but the feeblest, and
with groat, pain, while they wore on.
To tiiis. I gave au evasive answer,
not knowing what might be the ac?
tion of (ieneral Miles, and feaiin^ to
excite fals<> hopes. No such half-way
I measures ?us padding Mould suffice to
meet the necessities of his case; while
their adoption, or suggestion, might
defer the broader remedy that was
needed. On leaving, he requested
nie in the morning to note how the
wind blew, and the prospects of the
weather, before paying him my visit.
Until he heard ol' his family's arrival
in Savannah, he could know no
I'll?- Kvll ol' Ililli FrclghtM.
We extract the following from the
Augusta C/enutiele und Sentinel, o'
Tuesday. As we think, ere long. Co?
lumbi;: will have a deep interest in
tho transportation of Western pro?
ducts to this market, we subjoin tin
We arr-informed that produce cai:
be shipped from Cincinnati and St.
Louis to this place, by way of Balti?
more and Savannah, at a cheaper rat*
than by tho direct line of railroad.
Trade will take thai direction almost
entirely, this fall, we are- reliably in
formed, if the rates of freights by th?
railroad lines West of us are not ma
We cannot see how produce cat
be transported by rail a distance o
000 miles, from Cincinnati to Haiti
more, shipped by water thence l<
Savannah, and then reshipped by rai
132 miles, to this place, as cheaply a:
it mi'/ltt be bv rail direct from (.'in
cinnati ria Nashville and Atlanta, t
distance of about KIMI miles.
from St. Louis to Baltimore, th<
distance is over 1,1(10 mile?, to thi;
city it is '.?i7 miles. Yet our inform
ant says produce eau be landed her?
from St. Louis via Baltimore and Sa
vannah, cheaper than by the shor
direct line via Mound City, Corintl
and Chattanooga. We call the atton
tion of those controlling our Weston
Railroad connection, to these state
merits, and would earnestly imprca
upon them the importance of ai
early and decided change in thei
freight turill'. Not only should th
freights b<- reduced, but arrange
ments sin mid bc made at once ti
bring t orn, wheat. Hour, bacon, with
out breaking bulk on the transit.
The interest of the inland cities o
the State, absolutely require that tb
prie.- of freights from tho Wes
should be greatly reduced. lt i
quite as important to the railroa
companies themselves, that a sein
dale of charges be adopted wine
will canse a diversion of the immens
traille now seekingan outlet at Bal ti
1 n. oe. to their own shorter and mor
! ... .
I UK ( tOVEIdMKNT VS I? I'f.N'IVSS
; letter from New fork says:
" I'here can I-.- no Impropriety i
statin'/' thal the Government
Washington is using ?ts influent*,- ,,
behalf of the I'eniaa prisonois i
the hands of the Canadians, ?m
with a gratifying prospect of suc?es
A correspondence has already passe
I between the Governor-General au
; tho State Department on the subjec
but further particulars at present a
uot l'or publient ion. The friends uv.
relatives of the prisoners, howevo
may make themselves easy. The:
1 will be no ca]?ital punishment, wha
ever other fate may !>.. in reserve f?
A J ?M Prbokc.
Tho Richmond Times has tho fol?
lowing: ? g
Both th? living and thc ?ead he- ?
roe? of the late Confederate army j
seem to excite tho- fire of remorseless j
rndicaHfim. ' If an ex-Confederate
general is made president of an ex?
press company or railroad, or mayor
of H town, or cashier of a bank,
straightway ' the malicious whelps
howl about if. It is a source of hit?
ter regret to them that any brave man
in the South is permitted to make his
bread. They would, perhaps, rejoice
if, starving and naked; we should all
die in a very short time. They would
probably smile with grim satisfaction
if the cholera should, during the pre?
sent summer, finish those of us whom
thc war has spared. IT the rinderpest
got muong our few remaining cattle,
and the trichinae into our hogs, and
finally into ns, how intensely they
would enjoy all these calamities and
misfortunes. They would have "no
miserable sinners" free from none ol
those awful visitations against which
all good Episcopalians continually
pray, in the beautiful forms and ser?
vices of their church.
One would think that mere liaU
and malice would end, and thatdeatb
and tim grave would receive SOUK
respect and consideration for the dnst
and ashes of dopartcd worth ant
valor. But no; tney do not want u:
to pnt flowers upon the graves of oui
dead kindred! We are not able, ii
our poverty and suffering, to perpe
tuate with costly monuments tin
memories of those we so dearly loved
and beoattse we show that we still re
member them by these floral decora
tions, there are not wanting base am
malignant spirits to clamor about it
One, iu a late paper, says that "th
Souther" people had better enrphv
their time and money in relieving th
stiffenings of their poor." How lik
tlie remarks of Judas, who. when th
woman poured the box of alabaste
ointment on the Saviour, was guilt
of similar expressions of hypQcriticf
economy! Anil they deserve the sam
auswer and rebuke which the for
traitor received at the hands of hi
Plowers cost ns nothing in th
South, and there is no widow c
orphan in our laud who begrudge
the labor or time spent iu honorin
the memories of their lovett ones. !
we had the means, we wonk! not sto
with flowers; we would placea pi
like that of Bunker Hill over tl
grave of every heno who fought an
bled tor us-no less cherished beca-ru
he fought and died in vain. By wi?
right do these venomous hypocrib
talk to as about "time and cxpensi
and our .'suffering poor," while tl
widows and orphans of their ow
Federal soldiers have been dying
hnngei and cold within sight of th?
costly cemeteries? Why they ga'
twenty thousand dollars to a youl
woman for merely collecting tl
names of Federal soldiers buried
Andcrsonville. How many hung
widows und orphans would this sn
Light In tl?o Kail.
The remarks of Mr. Dawes,
Massachusetts, yesterday, upou t
qnestion of admitting Southern rt
resentatives, have made a pro fou
impression in the House. It is
powerful voice from New England
favor of the right, and the only rif
way to arrive ut a complete resto
tion of the Union, lt has bi
known privately during this Nessi
ot Congress that many Republic!
entertained the opinion that the e
dentiuls of the Southern represen
rives should have been referred re;
lally to the Standing Committee
Elections, und that their reference
the anomalous star-chamber cone*
was a gross outrage upon the coi
try and Congress. As Chairman
the Committee on Elections in
Thirty-seventh Congress, Mr. Dai
placed himself unmistakably nj
the ree? ?rd in favor of the ndmiss
of loyal representatives from
Southern States, whenever a g<
number of loyal men there had
opportunity to vote in the Congi
sional elections. His reiteration
this opinion just at this time, wi
the star-chamber committee has e
eluded its work, is regarded as pe
liarly significant. This cabal, or
nated by Mr. Stevens as a mean
obstruction to the complete rest*
tion of the Union, not only mu
the people of the country and do
neered over the Republican pa
but managed to bridle tho tongue
honest Republican members of C
gross by repeated promises to ]
duce some practical measure of
construction that should be pre
able to the President's plan.
Dawes, among the rest, snbinitte
this deceitful imposition. The s
chamber committee hos made its 1
report. Its promises are shown t
all a cheat and delusion. The
that, under these circumstances.
Chairman of the House Comm:
on Fleet ions manfully conies fon
and condemns the whole proceed
and declares that the right co
was and ?s to send the credential
Southern representat ives to the r
lar Committee on Elections, is
evidence that the power of tho
potism is broken, ?iud that even
England Republicans begin to t
it is time to speak out in favor oi
right. Xiitiowtl Intelligencer, KV/
. . . - - ??????- .. -
All tho local elections in Sont
Illinois show Democratic gait
from 5u to UM) per cent, over the
;Hi? ExcoBeucy GOT. Orr ?u ri ved in I Irin
city Mat night. '
- ? .v.*. *r> ' - . ? r - ^?
NLW BOOKS.- Messrs. Townsend A Kor th
have rute i ved a new n np pi y of booka, in?
cluding "Bill Arp."
Tl?e attention of passengers for the North
i? invited to the notices of th? Kupet??e?n
dents of fhe-North Carolina Contrai ?nd
Richmond and Danville Railroads, in un
other column. Aa both trains DOHMA,
passengers have a choice of rt ?res.
. 1*ROVOST OOTHT.-The Court met vealer'
Aay morning, tye 10 o'clock, and several
capes were di tu ?oued of- among them
The United States TS. Oreen K. Williams
ami R. ?i. William*. Assault and battery
ou a freedman. Thomas Burley, a freed?
man, was seen on the plantation of Mr.
Williarn?, some days ugo, ai d was accosted
by young William.-?, who desired to know
his business; thc answer not being satis?
factory, the trespasser was ordered off, but
refused to go; af tor some word??, "the freed?
man struck young William* with a switch,
when a fight ensued. Mr. Williaus, senior,
came up, and stopped it. The freedman
cante out of it pretty well usod-up. Tiwi
Court found thc defendants not guiUy.
Thc United States m. Laura t?oow.
freediooman.-The defendant was hidicted
for an assault and battery on the person
of Mr*. Hendrix, of Lexington District,
nome tlays ago. She waa found guilty, and
sentenced to twenty days' imprisonment.
The Court adjourned until this morning
at Ul o'clock.
NKW .VI>VKBTISI?SIK>TS. --Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
T. P. A H. H. Greneker A Card.
Tho?. Dodamead- ?Through Route North
Townsend A North-New Books.
A. Palmer Cooking Stoves, Ranges, Ac.
Johu Stork-Philadelphia Lager Beer.
1). B. DeSaussure - Comniie'rs Notice.
TOection for Clerk of the Market.
-- ^ -
The French In Mexico.
The Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore <Stm writes:
As Europe is undoubtedly on the
eve of general war, the end of which
no one eau foresee, Congress is be?
coming very warlike. The war spirit
is so high, that the party leader of
the House has now taken upon him?
self its direction. It would be folly
for Congress to assert the Monroe
doctrine, without giving it a practical
definition and application. It is pro?
posed to begin by sending Ju tirez the
modest sum of twenty millions, where?
with to fight the forces of Maximilian.
But if the fight lags, and Max will
not budge at the order of the Com?
mittee on Reconstruction, we must
furnish 50,000 volunteers to recon?
quer Mexico from the hands of the
Mexicans, who persist in maintaining
the Government of Maximilian as the
only one under which they have,
since the time of Iturbide, enjoyed a
partial tranquility. That the move?
ment by Mr. Stevens is popular, there
can be no doubt. To give Louis Na?
poleon a slight rebuke in this form
for his interference in Mexico-which
we reserve for our own field of opera?
tions-will also l>e hailed with popu?
lar applause, if we judge by the ex?
pressions of some of the radical Se?
nators, in the late debate on the sub?
ject of the French Exposition.
The French troops will not be em?
barked upon their return until No?
vember, and the timely movement
proposed will cause a revocation of
the order for the withdrawal, so that
tho Stevens-Wade influence will in?
volve us in a war with Mexico, and
with France also, before the end of
the next session of Congress. Sena?
tor Wade alleges that, if the French
troops be withdrawn, French officers
will remain in command of the army
of Maximilian. This is probably true.
The army of the Imperial Govern?
ment consists of 40,000 Mexican sol?
diers, who are drilled and command?
ed by skillful French and German
officers, and now form a sufficient
force, without further aid from
Frunce or Austria, fer the mainte?
nance of the Government.
THE LABOR QUESTION.-The follow?
ing, taken from a German paper,
owes its origin to the radical newspa- .
pers of this country, whoso object ia
to prevent foreign immigration to the
South. We must bo compelled to sell
our lands to Northern men, or leave
them uncultivated. The programme
is manifest. We must either sell out
to those who hate us, or give employ?
ment to negroes, however inefficient
they may become:
Everywhere in America and in Ger?
many, the press endeavors to stop the
infamous trading in poor Germans
that is now going on in all the South?
ern States. Whoever is no longer
satisfied with our own beautiful and
happy fatherland, where proportion?
ally labor is as well remunerated ??JMLII
America, may go to the free NolW,
but never to a Southern State, and
consequently not to Missouri, where
the planters, embittered on account of
tho negro emancipation laws, are
waiting, with brandished whips, for
the white laborer who is to cultivate
their fields, and who, in living in the
cabins abandoned by former slaves,
will virtually become slaves them?
selves, without any hope of redemp?
tion, except by the redemption ot
death, for there is no protection by
tho tribunals where, in civil oases,
the j u roi s are selected among slav*
The Provident has signed the bill
making appropriations for river and
harborjdefence and improvement0.