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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, June 23, 1866, Image 2

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COLUMBIA.
Saturday Morning, June 23,1866.
SartKU OB the Brain.
One disease on the brain we al ton kl
think wonld be enough for any mor?
tal, bat it seems not in our progres?
sive age. The Abolitionists for many
years had"been afflicted with nigger
on the brain, and the present radicals
connected with them by some tie of
kindred, caught the complaint and
hare been * suffering more recently
from it.'. "With them, however, it has
l>een more deeply, seated for, uot
?withsten?i?g;th? trepanning process
Af Dra. Generals Grant And Sherman,
by which it was thought the root of
the disease wis thoroughly eradicated
by the emancipation of the nigger,
that pressed so heavily in the modi?
cum of tho brain possessed by their
philanthropists, yet, so inveterate
had the disease become, it merely as?
sumed a new form and broke out iu
the no less alarming symptoms of
bureau on the brain.
The first surgical examination
proved directly that this disease was
intimately connected with the former,
the eternal nigger being still mixed
up with it. The "nigger" per se was
removed, and the new disease was
given the name of "Freedmen's Bu?
reau," which, for the past year, has
been so prevalent at the South, bHt
which, however, did not so seriously
injure or afflict its immediate sub?
jects as it did the poor nigger upon
whom it had fastened itself. In fact,
a recent rigid examination of thc
character of this disease and itt
effects, by two surgeons (Stoedman
and Fullerton) appointed by the Pre?
sident, brought to light that those
who exhibited the most violent symp?
toms flourished immensely, while
the victims were the negroes on
whom it was universally thought thc
new foature of the former complain!
would have- a most salutary effect.
But this disease of "bureau on tin
brain," it is now found, will not cou
iiue itself to the freedmen. In more
Northern latitudes, it was some tin?
ago proposed, whether seriously oi
in jest wo have not learned, to have i
"woman's bureau," to protect the se?
in their rights and privileges. Again
we had the proposition in Congress t<
establish a "telegraphic bureau," ii
order that the Government shouh
take that great interest tinder its pro
teciion and management-anothe
extensive and lucrative field for a nev
elass of bureau agents. The Postmas
ter-General, however, it Ls hoped, ha
squelched this new symptom of bu
reauism-ho having assured Congres
it, would be unwholesome to the bod;
politic. The latest but certain!;
most powerful, and therefore the mo?
dangerous symptom, is that present
ed in the introduction into Congress
the other day, of a bill to create
national bureau of insurance. Tin
would be a fertile field for commis
sioners, agents and appraisers i
every city and town in the Unite
States to cultivate with profit, th
victims in this case being assured!
tho insured. This Congress is als
approaching a railroad bureau: as i
defiance of the rights of the respectiv
States to regulate the charters of rai
road companies, they assume to usur
the right by national enactments, tin
to a groat extent controlling their m?
nagement. The next bill introduce
will doubtless be to create a nation
railroad bureau: so stockholders hs
better look ont. Are we not right :
asserting that the national diseas
under the inoculating system of tl
present Congress, bids fair to bncon
"bureau on the brain?"
But, seriously, whither aro we dril
ing? Heretofore, this National G
verument was one of well-defin(
limits and powers, the rights of Stat
guaranteed, and the rights and int
vests of individuals protected. Fi
the past four years, the nsui patioi
of power and the absorption of i
rights vested in States and in coi
inanities, have been unprecedent<
in the history of this country, ai
foreshadows a sorrowful end of th
free Government, in which life ai
property were secure, handed dov
by the fa tilers. It is apparent to eve
one who has noted thc progress
public events, that, if left uncheck
or not suppressed, by the strong ai
of "the Constitution and Laws," t
whole form of the Government w
be changed. Thc centralizing syst<
iuitinted by the Republican radio
is fast moulding it into a despotisn
We look around in vain for a stat
i 'U- ' "1 m ?'??^ ? - - ' I *' ? '. ' ?
man to theck or restrain. That noble
rape has departa. ^heO-r" w%?r*^ iu
v?in to a wse and^atriolio a^cct^ive
t? ci'ash <>ia tho?'raen w-tyo >ee|>2 to
undermine the te>uple of thc^eople's
:iibe?tjes? ^Somo of hi* reedit ne ta
justify tho hopo tliat wo will not lean
on him in vain. But should any un*
toward circumstance disappoint our
hope in that respect, it surely cannot
be in vain that we will look to the
American people vo rescue tho coun?
try, before its earlier and brighter
hopes are c.vt in gu i shed, and its rum,
?s a free, republican Government, he
accomplished. < - 3
Important O?rlal AitiiOHiicfnit-iit.
The Washington National Republi
ca?, thc acknowledged organ ol the
President, in its issue of Wednesday
last, evidently speaking hy authority,
announces that the votes of thc
Southern States in the next Presiden
! tia! election shall bo counted, whether
j "?aid States may have been admitted
to representation or not .
The Republican takes for its text
the first section of the second article
of tho ijonstitution, which reads:
"Each State shall appoint, in such
mauner as the Legislature thereof
may direct, n number of electors
equal to the whole number of Sena?
tors and Representatives to which the
State may be entitled in the Con?
gress."
The Rejinailcan says that any at?
tempt to violate this section, by pre?
venting the Southern States from
exercising their privilego in such an
election, will "provoke a eonllict
quite as irrepressible," it not ;is san?
guinary, as that "just terminated."
Speaking of tho clause quoted
above, the Republican says:
"It makes the electoral voice of a
State depend upon whether it is rep?
resented in Congress or not, is a con?
struction without any warrant in tin1
text. It makes the number of elect?
ors to correspond with the number ol
Senators and Representatives to which
the State is eulitlr.il-nothing more.
It does not make their appointment
depend upon representation in Con?
gress any more than it makes it de
pend upon whether a State has stated
preaching within its borders. Anti
we think we hazard not hing in saying
that the construction contended foi
could not be maintained bet ?re un?
intelligent court."
Tho Republican charges the radica
party with a "conspiracy" agains'
the Constitution and the Govern
ment, and says that the attempt t<
disfranchise the South is a conspiracy
to over-ride the Constitution. Alte:
some remarks to provo this, the Re
publican says:
"Another point in this conspiracy
we understand to bea construction o
the paragraph in the same article, rc
lating to the opening of the certiti
cates by the President of the Senate
by which it is concluded that, if th.
President of the Senate refuses ti
open the certificates from the elevei
States in question, their elector;)
votes, if sent to him, will l c legall;
stifled. We remember that this ques
tion was very generally discussed ii
the winter of 1861, when itwasgivei
out in certain quarters that Vice-Prc
sident Breckenridge did not intend t
open certain certificates, enclosin
the reports of electoral votos east fu
Abraham Lincoln, and we believe i
was tl ten very genendly undorstoo
that a candidate having a majority <
all the electoral votes cast in the co
leges of the States, ns there dec/arc
and published, was entitled to th
office whether the Vice-President opene
die certificates ur aol! We cannot coi
template any attempt to stifle th
electoral voice of a State by sue
means, without the most painful aj
prohensions."
This a hopeful view for the futur?
as coming from the source it does,
clearly indicates that malfeasance <
office, in the person of a foctioi
acting vice-President, will not be pe
mitted to affect the result of the ne:
Presidential election, and gives tl
people of the Southern States the a
surance that their rights will he sn
tained in this respect. But, yet. \
cannot get rid of the impression, lin
tho radicals have long since cuten
into "a conspiracy" against the Coi
stitution, and, by their so-callc
amendments to that instrument, di
?bling and disfranchising bills ai
resolutions, and, by "test oaths," n
over-riding it every day, which acth
might properly ere this have invok*
the interference of the Executive ai
Judicial Depart incuts of the Genet
Government. But. we may he mi
taken, and must perforce hide o
time.
- - - -? . .
A little woman is at present liol
ing her "levees" in Richmond, li
name is Min-io E. Nail, aged twent
and weighs about twenty pounds.
[She mu d be nearer the si/.e ol'
"eight ounce, ta.-k' tlutii even
shingling nai?j]
Thc Minority Report.
3? The minority report of the Recon?
struction Committee w as reud in Con
jp-es?; on ""Pucsday. It is ve*y yora
miuons, und is / remarkable for clear
analysis, logical precision, of argu?
ment, and is evidently from the pen
of the Hon. Reverdy Johnson, by
whom, with Messrs. Cl river, of Ken?
tucky, and Rogers, of New Jersey,
it is signed. The following is an ab?
stract of the report:
The minority proceed first to con?
sider what was the effect of the late
insurrection upon the relations of the
States where it prevailed to the Gene?
ral Government^ and of the people
collectively and individually of such
States. They contend tlrat tho in?
surrection never legally dissolved the
connection between these States and
the Government. In its nature, the
Government is formed of States pos?
sessing equal rights and privileges
and powers. States unequal are not
known to the Constitution. lu its
original formation, perfect equality
was secured> The equality* of rights
was the condition of the original
thirteen States before thc Govern?
ment was formed. In every State
admitted since the Constitution was
adopted, eaeh State is declared to be
"one of the United States, on an
equal footiug of all the original States
in all respects whatever."
J he minority argued at length the
! ij is of a State, and maintained that
\vh i: n State is once in the Union she
must abide by it forever. She cnn
never withdraw, or be expelled from
it. The majority concede this by
submitting a constitutional amend?
ment to these Southern States, the
same as to other States. A different
doctrine would lead to a dissolution
of the Union. The Constitution does
not give tlie power to subjugate the
State, but to suppress the insurrec?
tion within the State, and thereby
preserve thc State. The power is
conservative, lt. is to protect thc
State and not to destroy it. In re
Terring to the local governments ol
the South, and the charge that the
President illegally created them, tin
miuority say that, conceding for th?
argument's sake that this was so, doc?
it not follow that Congress is equally
unauthorized to interfere? Congres:
may admit new States, but a Stab
mice admitted ceases to-be in its eon
trol and can never again be brough
within it. Whatever changes he
people may make in their Constitu
lion. Congress 1ms nothing to d<
with it.
In alluding to representation, th
minority say that the representative
of the States not in insurrection, i
the others were represented, woul<
exceed, in the House, (under the prc
sent apportionment,) by a majority c
seventy-two votes, and have a decide'
preponderance in the Senate. Wha
danger to the Government, then, ea:
possibly arise from Southern reprt
sentation? Are the present Senator
and Representatives fearful of then
selves? Are they apprehensive thr
they might be lost to distinction? Th
idea that the country is to be kept i
turmoil. States tobe reduced to boin
age, and their rights under the Coi
stitntion denied, and the rights (
their citizens disregarded, with ii vie
to the continuance in power of a mei
political party, cannot, foramomen
be entertained, without imputiu
gross dishonesty of purpose and gros
dereliction of duty to those who ei
ter tain it. The minority claim thi
there is nothing in the evidence bike
to show that this denial of represent
tiou should be made. They ha
complied with every requirement <
the President, repudiated the reb
debt. The proposed constitution
amendment is looked upon by tl
minority as impolitic.
The amendments suggested ha1
no connection with each other, ai
each ought to have been submitted
a separate article. In discussing tl
legal status of thc rebel State (?
vernments ef the South, the minor!
mid, in conclusion, that tho majori
report states that "they do not, foi
moment, impute to President Joh
son any design to extend executi
] lower, but cheerfully concede to hi
thc most patriotic motive." And 1
cannot forbear to say, in concludiu
on that point, that he sins agaii
light, and closes his eyes to the com
of the President during therebellic
Who ventures to impeach his patri?
ism ? ll is life was constantly in pei
and he clung to the Union and d
charged all the obligations it impos
upon him even the closer because
tho peril. And now, that he has
caped unharmed, and, by the coi
dence of the people, bas haddevoh
upon him the executive functions
the Government, to charge him v>
disloyalty is either a folly or a sh
der, ..folly in the fool who believes
slander in the man of sense, ii* a
such then- be, who utters it."
Nov KL [xsurtANOE CASI;.- 1
iioiice reported tho following no
ranee ease decided in M?SSOV
Th? >; : i *.st ion arose upon thc folk
iug tacts proved: A building is
sured against loss by fire. It f:
down, being heavily overloaded w
merchandize; the fall occasions a li
which destroys thc fallen mater
Query: ls the insurance comp)
liable? The Court decided that
building- insured having fallen, cea
to exist bv reason of a peril nol
Mired against, and hence that
company was not liable.
.. - . -? -? ?. .
Brigham Young is sixty five yt
old and much married.
.Tuc Tribute to C*pt*ln Maury.
On thc evening of thc 4th instant*
about 130 gentlemen assembled at
Willis' rooms, London, on tho occa?
sion of a banquet and testimonial bi
Captain M. F, Maury, late of tl?
Confed?rate navy, thc object of this
t?bate being to make a suitable pub
tic recognition of the brilliant ser
vices conferred by that officer on tin
canse of maritime science. Sir Join
Pakington, M. P., presided, nut
among those present were most o,
thc representatives of foreign powers
and a great number of distinguished
British naval officers and men o
science. From the London Dailj
News, of June ">, wo take the follow
ing account of thc proceedings:
After thc usual toasts, followed le
that of "The Diplomatie Corps" tin
Chairman proceeded to present tin
testimonial. In doing so, addressinj
the gallant Captain personally, h<
congratulated him on having devote?
his noble intellect to a purpose whicl
had in the resnlt conduced so great!;
to the lasting benefit of mankind. H
then traoed the history of his scion
tifie discoveries, and referred to th
practical advantages which the pub
lie were now deriving from them. Ii
the voyage of a ship from Englum
to India or China there was, he ob
served, a saviug of .11250. What
then, must bo tho annual aggregat
saving on the voyage of all the ship
of tins country ? It was when Cap
tain "Maury's fame was at its heigh
that there broke out the unfortunat
civil war between the North and th
Sonth a war in which, liebig
Southerner by birth, he took the par
worthy of his character aud careel
Ho then adverted to the fact, the
after the war had terminated, the ga
laut captain was invited by the Gran
Duke Constantine to take up hi
abode in Russia, and by Prince Ni
poleou to accept a home in Frauct
The testimonial now to be presente
commenced about a year ago. Ho
land subscribed about A'l.O??; Rus?
sout ?1,600; and a large amount wr
also collected in this country. An
he now in the natue of England, <
Europe, and oT the civilized wort?
had to request Captain Maury 1
accept a testimonial, considerably e:
eeeding in amount : ?. t M M > guineas, ;
a recognition of esteem, admir?t ir
and gratitude. |Great cheering.] 1
concluded by reading stu address e
pressivo of the object of the prese
tation, and having handed the nyia
to the vilest of the evening in a silv
casket, he proposed his health, whit
was drunk with three times thn
amid much enthusiasm.
Captain Maury commenced by i
pudiating the notion that he was d
serving such an acknowledgeniei
Forty years ago, he said, it was li
good fortune to enter on a field
discovery, in which the harvest w
ready to hand. Very soon, a tie?
scattered all over th?' world, was e
gage?l in observing certain phenon
na of the sea and the air; and, at
very small cost, ships of all natio
were converted into tempests of s
euee. [Cheers. 1 The necessity
combination in t he researches ma?
lcd to thc conference at Brussels, a
now, he saw a brilliant assemblai
met to celebrate the results winch li
since been achieved, lu conclusic
the gallant captain tUndared his ut
inability to acknowledge, in opp
priate terms, the handsome testin
nial just presented, and said he mu
therefore express it with sealed 1
ami the eloquence of silence. I Le
cheers, j
Among the remaining toasts w
"Our Foreigu Visitors,'' proposed
Lord William Grosvenor, M.
which was responded to by Conni
.lore .lausen, of the Royal Lui
Navy, and General Beauregard,
tho late Confederate States of Ann
co, the latter of whom was trea?
with special cordiality.
ALABAMA. -The Mobile Trib
contains the following extract li?
the let bu- of a planter nt. MontgOl
ry, who 1ms planted 2.500 aeres
cotton. It is dated ll Mi hist.:
We are hopelessly in thtj grass,
have ."?(>0 aeres or more of cot
that have not bien touched wit
hoe. 1 am satisfied that a large a
will be thrown ont from grass, wb
tlu* livers and creeks have overlie
their bottoms and partially or win
destroy i'd the crop.. T saw a r.
Saturday who has lost every acre, :
says many of his neighbors are in
same sad lix. 1 have lowered
figures t?> half a crop, say 500 ba
and think it a full estimate, un
with more than usually favors
seasons. The stands were had
start with, andar? being daily inji
mon- sind mort; in efforts to get
grass mid briars cleaned away, wi
in all the most fertile spots comp!
ly envelop the bottom. There
not be sis much corn raised as tl
was last year.
--
( !ON'?.KESSTONATi Sl*rF.1lVTSTON.
special telegram to the Richm
Dispatch says the following r?solu
has been introduced into Congres
"Resolred. Thal the SecieUin
Stiite and Postmaster ( lenora! b?
i|iieste?l to inform this House wli
is that tho public printing of t
departments is given to the Ii
mond Kxuininto', a newspaper i
belied in the city ?.t Richmond
State Items.
;HUMT-S?.-Thjtr 2V>?c? has thu fo?ow
mg items? > S* -
rJ>he United Statea troops who have
"been for some time past garrison in g
at this pliee took their departure on
tTnesday morning last, for Columbia,
, S. C. We understand that they will
1 be succeeded very soon by a detach -
i ment of the United Stales regular
1 army, which, we learn, is to be kept
?here for some time as a permanent
garrison.
j We understand that, on Sunday
! last, at the Methodist Church at
I Springhill, a freedman was shot hy
Mr. Charles Britton, from the effects
of which shooting he died in a very
short time after.
MARIOX.-We copy the followiug
from the Cras^ni, of the 20th:
I We ave pained to learn that, on
j Saturday last, in the light of day,
. Ute dark deed of murder was perpe
I trnted on the person of our esteemed
i fellow-citizen, Col. Robert C. Ema?
nuel. Ile was walking with his little
! son near his residence in the lower
j part of Marlboro, -A beu four assas- j
i sins fired their guus upon him, and
I ended his earthly ?career. He had '
I been most industrious and successful, !
and had accumulated more than a
' comfortable estate.
I From tho same paper we extract
I the followiug: .
We an; informed that Messrs. Co- ?
I vert A Biker will run a new steamer I
to Georgetown from New York. Re- ;
eeipts and bills of lading will be given
from and to New York for freights to ?
and from any landings on the Pee
Dee and Waccamaw Rivers.
Raymond is indulging in all sorts,
of tergexvorsations just uow. The j
following hit at (?reeley shows that j
he has not forgotten that the latter
dubbed him with the soubriquet |
"little villain,"' some years Jig?*:
"Jefferson Davis should have been
promptly tried, convicted and sen- j
teneed: after which, if the President'
i hud commuted the punishment, on !
? condition of his leaving the country 1
! forever, we should have l>eenrid of a 1
! bal subject. And now, w hile Davis
; ts living upon thc fat of the land in
' Fortress Monroe, Mr. Greeley rushes
to Washington to ofter bail, so that!
?not even punishment of the mildest!
I character should be inflicted upon ai
man whose head, in any other couti- .
\ try, would have come oil' for any one
. of his many treasons.
"lt is a envious, if not an instruct- ;
ive fa?-t, in the history ?d' the rebel-i
[lion, that while Chief Justice Chase!
i refuses to try, ami Mr. Greeley ob- '
! joehs to the punishment of the lead?
ing representative traitor, both refuse
; to reston" the followers of rebel lead
\ers win? desire, to return to their al- '
|legianee, to their rights and privi?
leges; and both persist, af ter peace;
; has br. n proclaimed, iu keeping the;
. Union divided."
A NATIONAL PICTCRE.-Thc Rich-?
i mond T?maa makes the following art ;
sugg.-st ion:
There is. we believe, still a vac-ant
I panel in the rotunda of the Capitol
at Washington, which patiently ?
j awaits its inevitable fate, in the form
I of some hideous daub of a "national !
: painting." lt is the panel next to j
that famous "shin piece" where the j
; talent of the artist was exhausted in '
i painting the well developed legs of >
i the signers of the Declaration of In- ?
, dependence. As thc Jacobins ave .
i doubtless proud of the late splendid
triumph of American valor over a;
feeble, old and helpless prisoner, let
?Congress appropriate 850,000 fora
gigantic painting of the Placing \
\sJtackle.< "/ton .Jefferson Davis." is ?
i a magnificent subject for an aeeoin- !
I plished artist. The cold, damp,
I cheerless cell, the small iron bed?
stead, 111?r fragment of mouldy bread,
the overturned tin cup of dirty water,
the bold assault of a dozen std wart,
armed soldiers, upon a feeble old
i prisoner, the heavy mauaelcs and tho j
I uplifted sledge hammer of thc hercu- :
i leau blacksmith, ure splendid mate- i
rials for a great national picture. As j
: a certain poetic license is allowed to
; artists, head turnkey Milos should be
! introduced looking at this noble and
inspiriting exhibition of American
1 valor and humanit y through a double
barred window.
A special despatch to the Charles- j
ton ' 'auria; dated Washington, dune
21, say*:
Th?' radicals have agreed to delay !
the adjournment of Congress, hop-1
ing that Tennessee will ratify the j
constitutional amendment in time to]
be admitted this session. They ave1
? anxious to admit one State before the ;
fall elections.
The new army h.li was passed by
j the House.to-day. lt prohibits any-1
body who Mirved in the civil or io iii- i
tary service of the Confederacy, or of
any insurrectionary State, from en-?
tering the United States army.
-*-?-<^- -
A gentleman in Portsmouth claims |
to have made a discovery whereby L
one third id' the materials at present !
used in the composition of paint will I
bo saved.
The "National Division of the
? Sons of Temperance of North Ame
I rica" met in Montreal on Thursday
last. Almost every State in the
Union was t<> be represented.
A vine leaf of pink .silk, with glass j
dew drops pendant from it, is the
1 itest style <*i|" bonnets out in Paris. '
Local X~tex~i?L0.
Sra.i. AN? y i" a KR HOOK or 1AK?IO??. -We
have received ftom "?hat celebrated New
York raah?oijist^i. T.^aylorfo? 040 Can?,
street, a copy o?fLe&jet? H&sa<jert Modes
de I'/rri*.*- Thia monthly Bigotten up in
the style ?if their other publication, "Jje
hon T<>n," and will, on examination, prove
canally attractive, lt ts published at yo a
ar, OT 0(1 rents r? ?lamber, including pat?
terns -which alone are worth the nil ire
cost.
CoMMKNi>.\Bt.r.. A publie meeting t?J.q
be-held at Yorkville, on the 2d of July, "to
decide upon a suitable cours*; or action" in
memory of the soldiers from that District
who fell iu the war.
Cannot the people of Columbia and of the
District take Mime such similar action?
Many of the ?on? of Richland Dist riot are
sleeping in their unmarked tombs, ami
Utey deserve better at our bands. Tf the *
? men will not move, wc suggest that the
ladies who have never failed in any work
of patriotism or love- 1; ' the initiatory
steps.
I PROVOST CO CRT. The subjoined cases
I wer?' brought np Indore Provost Judge
Ondman and Assi>eiates Walker and McDo?
nald, on yesterday, and disposed of as fol
follows:
The United Slides rs. Manuel Teures,
freedman.- Charge - Disorderly eonduat.
The accused was found guilty and sen?
tenced to pay a fine of *r>.
The ('ni/el Mates rs. Satan?! (treen.
Charge Assault ami battery noon a freed?
man. Mr. Green having been found
guiltv, he was sentenced to pav a fine or
*li>. '
The United Males rx. Andrem Jackson,
freethiian. -Charge-Stealing cabbage.
Trie prisoner's guilt having hcoue?tabli?h
ed, he was sentenced to pay a line of f">, or
fifteen day? hard labor.
N?:\v Al.VKr.TlstMRNTs. -Attention ?a call?
ed lo the following advertisements, which
arc published thia morning f<>r the first
t inn :
P. Cantwell- Kerosene Oil.
Jacob Dell- Citation N. Austin lilac k.
J. .V T. R. Agnew--Rutter, Eggs, Ac.
PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S LAST TELE?
GRAPH. -We give below Mr. Lincoln's
last telegraph. It is only important
as showing that he considered him?
self to possess full powers to recon?
struct the Uuiou. There is no hesi?
tation or doubt on his part as to his
authority to make what tenn? he
pleased with the South:
OFFICE U. S. Min. TELEGRAPH.
WAR DEPARTUENT,
Washington, April 1'2, 18G6.
Maj. O'en. Wenzel, Jiielnnoad, Va.:
I have just seen Judge Campbell's
letter to you of the 7th. He assumes,
as appears bj me, that I have called
the insurgent Legislature ot Virginia,
together, as the rightful Legislature
of tlie State, to settle all differences
with the'United States. I have done
no such thing. I spoke of them not
as a Legislature, but as "the gentle?
men who have acted as the Legisla?
ture of Virginia in support of the re?
bellion." I did this on purpose to
?R?ude tlie assumption that I
was recognizing them as a rightful
body. I dealt with tbem as men
having de facto power to do
sp?cifie thiqg, to wit: "To withdraw
the Virginia troops and other support
from resistance to the General Go?
vernment," for which, in the paper
handed by Judge Campbell, 1 pro?
mised a specific equivalent, to wit: A
remission to the people of the State,
except in certain cases, the confisca?
tion of their property. I meant this,
aud no more. Inasmuch, however,
as Judge Campbell misconstrues this,
and is still pressing for an armistice,
contrary to the explicit statement of
the paper I gave him, and particu?
larly as General Grant has since cap?
tured the Virginia troops; so that,
giving a consideration for their with?
drawal is no longer applicable, let my
letter to you and the paper to Judge
Campbell both be withdrawn or coun?
termanded, and he be notified of iL
Do not allow them to assemble; but
if any have come, allow them safe
return to their homes.
A. LINCOLN.
SOUTHERN BANK CURRENCY.-In
the House of Representative*, Tues- - .
day, the Committee on Banks and
Currency made a report on a resolu?
tion referred to them inquiring if any
preference hail been given to South?
ern banks in the delivery of circula?
ting notes, with a letter from the
Comptroller of the Currency, who
says that on September 15, 1865, six
national banks in the Southern States
had no circulating notes-two in Ala?
bama, one in Georgia, one in Vir?
ginia, and two in North Gasolina.
Owing to the scarcity of notes fo? bu?
siness purposes, thirty days* prefer?
ence had lieen given these banks in
supplying them with the required
notes.
----?..*?
The track of the Montgomery and
West Point Railroad is being widen?
ed, and when finished there will be a
continuous broad guage from Mont?
gomery to New York. This work
was commenced on the 29th ultimo.
The New York Herald asserts that
the tiovernment has lately lost from
S'2t>,(HM),000 to 830,000,000 to keep
down the price of gold, but the effect
was disastrous. Speculation is ram?
pant.
John A. Hedrick was confirmed by
the Senate of the United States, on
Monday last, as Collector of Customs
at Beaufort, S. C.
Cen. Lee is said to be familiar with
the relative standing in his class ol
every student now in Lexington.

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