Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, July 21, 186?.
School Rooks for the South.
Tho professors in the University of
Virginia have done a good work for
the youth of the Southern States, iu
]>reparing a series <>f text-books for
schools and academies. They ure
issued from the press of C. B. Rich
ardson & Co., New York, und the List
embraces the following works:
"Southern School Readers," foi
families and schools, consisting of
?even volumes, by George F. Holmes,
LL.L\, Professor of History aud
General Litt?rature ; "Au Kiemen tory
English Grammar," and "A Chro?
nological History of the United
States," by Professor Holmes; "A
Grammar in French," "A French
Reader for Beginners," aud anotuei
for schools and colleges, by M. Schelt
de Vere, Professor of Modern Lan?
guages; "Outlines of Latin Gram
mar," and "A Progressive Latin
Reader," by Basil L. GiHersieeve.
Professor of Ancient Languages; ant'
a complete series of mathematica
text-books, by Charles S. Venable
Professor of Mathematics.
tn noticing this commendable en
texprise, it is not oar desire to writ?
a puff of the books enumerated, fo
we have not seen any of them ; no
is it our desire to go contrary to ou
own precepts and teachings, tr
promoting a continuance of sec
tiona! strife or alienation, bj- ou
remarks on the subject under cou
side-ration ; but it is our duty to speal
the truth and promote' ami fostc
Southern enterprise and effort in tin
particular department ol letters.
And our reasons are these: Beior
the war, the press of the South ha
too frequent occasion to condemn th
text-books sent us from tho Nortl
(mostly from the pen of New Ruglan
writers,) because they were filled wit
insidious teachings against Souther
people and Southern institution;
From the most primary spelling
books to the professed historic:; of til
United States, there was not one ;
them that did not contain some ui
friendly allusion to the people of V.
South and a sneer or phillipp
against our former institution. O wir
to the watchfulness of parents an
the prudence and discretion of toad
ers, and, perhaps, to a great exten
the intuitive perception of the tarni
by tho children themselves, the pc
sou thus sought to be -instilled in
the minds of Southern youth, prov*
harmless, as the large number
boys from schools and of young mi
from our colleges, who prompt
donned "the jacket of grey," abu
dantly testify. Still, it would ha
been much better not to have run t
risk, and to have had text-books frc
Southern authors, or at least frc
candid and just men? and not frc
fie P.iritan writers. 1 nogra pin
Bat if these books had little in;
rious effects at the South, there is
telling to what extent they aided
producing animosity against us in t
minds of tho young people at t
North. The principles inculcate
and the precepts and lessons tauf
in the early routine of education, ?
easily received as truth by the yon
and susceptible, and are not. easy
ei-adicate in after years, even wi
truth should resume her sway; ;
we have no doubt that this sort
education was a powerful instru.u
tality in the hands of the fanatics ?
factionists (if the North in foment
that sectional hatred and animo;
which, in later years, were so f
But, be this as it may, the cn
that induced the Southern people
former times, to wish for sci
books not fainted with teaching
sentiments hostile to their pence
prosperity, exist with equal, if
greater, force now. Tho biston
the lato * civil war, or "rebellion,
it is now fashionably called, hat
be written, aud embodied or appc
ed to evry school history of
United States, as must also the ca
which led to it. Is it not eraine
proper, therefore, that this *
should bo preparod by those who
write a history without denuncia
and without undue prejudice or
ferenco for any section? Such a -v
from any pen in either Nortl
South will bo welcomed by us ;
as "a burnt child dreads tho fire
will the Southern- people, from
past experience in these nj nt
likely prefer Southern school li
from the pens of Southern write
We hail with gratification, t
fore, the announcement of thies
of text books. They are, as the
York publishers state in their notice*, ?
"j ?re pured by distinguished scBolarsj
and friend? of education at the
j South." We trust that they xml lie j
j, adopted in ?very preparatory- school;
j and academy where such works are
. r?rpiired.'tind that they will be fol
! lowe?! by other works in tho eduea
; tiotml departments of literature adapt- \
I ed to theoireumstuncesund condition
! of tile times. i
! ... -^.^ - - i
Slurlliii)( DisclusKiCh-AnulUi I Civil
IV ? r.
i - ? ' A
General Sherm:*u, * in u recent i
[speech to the students m Yhle Col-,
! lege, said a war was approaching tilts
I couutry to which auythiug in the past
i was meii>child's jduy. . General Sher
I io .r gave no particulars, but wc pre?
stir.e tb? omission is supplied by H.
J. Raymond j of tho New York Times,
in an editorial over his own initial.
We extract a collide of paragraphs
from that lotter. Ir i> doted Wash
j ington. Jtiiy l?:
The Union party in Congress is
just now experiencing a panic of more
than usual severity, and its action
under til?1 circumstances docs more
credit to its /.eal than to ifs discre?
You may have noticed the passage
j in tin' if ouse, a few day.-, since, of a
resolution offered by (?enera! l'aine.
I of Wisconsin, calling on the Stales to
I organize, discipline and equip their
militia, and directing that two-thirds
of the arms, ordnance and ammuni?
tion now under custody id' the Gene?
ral Government be distributed among
j the States- -tho distribution among tho
I loyal States to bake piueeimmediately,
and that among the States lately ?a
rebellion to be postponed until fur?
ther order-. The resolut ititi e:ni:e lip
from the Committee on Military Af?
fairs, and was pushed fo a vote, with?
out debate or delay, nuder the pre?
vious question. It attracted as li: tl?
I attention in Congress as it has in the
I country; and the public will doubt
i less receive with incredulity the
! assurance that it was intended by
. those who secured its passage as tim
. first step toward preparation for another
\ civil icar. Although no debate, woe
: had upon it, nnunbers were urged to
! vote for it. by direct conversational
I appeals on the floor "Li the part of the
I few who wet-.- privy to its introdnc
? tiou. Some were told that it was ne
I cessary, lo enable the Southern loyal
I ists lo protect them >elvi s; others thal
: it was simply a matter of detail in th?
?? \Vur Department: others that tin
arms must be taken ??.ix of thc hand
ol the President, anti others that ii
was proposed al the instance of i.L<
Secretary oT War. \u appeal wa:
made by Mr. ECusson, of 1 >wa. t?
? allow debate upon it. ns it seem I !
I be a matter of importance, but tim
? was refused.
j Most of the lea.lino-aud reflectiu;
radicals in Cougress take this view o
I tho political future: If tito full elco
j tions result in the choice of Norther:
: Democrats i nough to constitute
when adth'd to the members from tin
'(Southern States, n majority ol tin
, j House, they assume thal this mn
j joriiy, thus constituted, will chum t<
j be the Congress, and will act accord
1 ingly, and that they wiil b-* reeog
il ni zed by tho President ?is the bod;
j to which lie will k >ud his message
_ j and whoso session ; he will, if the ae
! cessity should uris , prob ..' by mili
' tory force. They assert, on The ot he
i baud, that the Union members f: .::
? tho loyal States-if they constitute
4 j majority from those Si des - willclaii
J ro be the only legal Congress, au
.! .viii, if necessary, invoke an instil
' I reotion of the people to mainttu
hem in that position. Tin y ? > m
i ?u the- least conceal their porp;) i
M the event of such a collision, lo u]
)i peal to force, aud I ? ''drive the riv;
i I Congress, with tito President and i.!
i I Cabinet and supporters, into UK1 V.
r tomac," to use iee language of or.
of the ablest and most sincer . <
* their number. If you v. ill recall th
1 j remarks of Mr. :i ntw?di, of .Mas ;
rlchilsetls, ii: the las! week's ii rsi cai
lens, you wit; set- th';-, movemei
clearly foreshadowi .t. indeedavowe?
-I Ile declared bis belie! that an issi
ol' force WA- rapidly nppi'oaeliing, un
r< that we must be prepared to meet i
j. He act'., aral ail who co-operate wit
, him in these measures prob-.--. to ac
1 ? tinder the apprehension that t!.e Pr
r sident intends to resort to force - th
l! ho means to disperse the pivsontCo
j, I gress, on it - ro-assembling in Deco:
. : ber, ?i it refuses lo admit the Sotii
; ern members; and Mr. Fiirnswor.
s j ascribed to Mr. Seward the deciar
j I feion, thal this Congress should ne\
1 re-assemble, uni* ss the South ;
members were admitted; in snppn
M of thia belief, I need scarcely s?
q. that Mr. Seward nev.".- made any t
ir marl-: of tho kind, nor that th . pr
I- jed ascribed to tho President
purely an invention, or at bes; t'
I ; crazy dream of a political night-raai
II . Dut in either case i! serves the sui
?-?purpose, lt covets, and is held
b justify the determination to (iron
_ the North, and prepare for a res.
I to force, upon ihe assembling of *
.? i fortieth Congress ia extra or in rev
o I lar session; nod this determination
ir j avowed. And the resolution to win
j I I hr ve referred, for an organis?t:
'lof thc militia and a distribution
iB j arms in the Northern States, is t
: initifil stop to its execution.
i- Mr. Raymond dues oot prop:
is any comment upon the result of ev
w a movement, but he says that, if o
I-'M-JJ contingency should prise, "the
pwnrj would not lie a swlitat?t war, as
warf tho last-it would he a war of
political part?t s and of neighbor
h?"vods. " Ho " docs not holievo the
llepubliean party at large entertain
these views, but "that thc extreme
radicals d<> entertain thom. there is
not the slightest doubt."
.Ww have not room for further ex?
tra?is from tii? Utter. Mr. li., in the
concluding paragraph, writes us fol?
The Italian army suffered a sud re?
verie tho other day, because, trusting
in the goodness of its-cause, ? inarch?
ed boldly upon fortresses whose
strengt!? it depised. 'rho TJiiion
party will consult its own safety aud
t?i'j good of the country by uot
throwing its. If against the Philadel?
phia Convention until it knows a lit?
te metre o? tiio nature and strength
o?' iis armament.
As oar readers know, Raymond, at
the late radical caucus, wont over
bodily to Thad. Stevens. The im?
port of this brief piece of advice
with which ho closes his letter is. sim?
ply this: If ibo radicals find them?
selves strong enough, they should
begin lin: var: rf not, defer action.
T i i es : . are t n dy s tur t? i 11 g disclosures,
and, wo iliink, should arouse the peo?
ple of the N'ortii bo t hoir perilous con?
dition. Woof thc South will scarcely
be participants tit' the conflict -we
have ?md enough of civil war for many
n year to come, (?od lielp the coun?
try in lier present distracted condi?
tion a rendition to which, as wc have
often ?ti?! b< fore, the radicals have
We publish, this morning, lie: vet?:
message or' President Johnson of tie
Freedmen's rinroan bill. lt is no!
necessary lo n? tice thc strong point:
thc President bas made, as we refei
our r. aciers to the nu?ssage itself. Wc
put ii <>n record, ns it i- worthy :
plrtce.uloagsidc with his former abb
Slab- papers; Tile President and tin
country aro approaching tx crisis tba
will try both to their utmost capacity.
EJt-fitk.?Mg !';? nf (hr Cabint-I.
The following is Secretary Speed':
letter of resignation, li is short am
i H weet :
ATTOKNEY-lxENERAi/s OFFN F,
WASHINGTON, duly 1(5. ISlW.
To in's }?].>.>?. I*?>,><? :i ANIU?VAV JOHNSON
President <tf the United States.
Sn:: I hereby resign to you Un
office of Attorney-General "of tin
j Unit d States. h.- good enough
; sir, to accept roy thanks for th
i kindness, consideration and conti
chutee you have ever shown to :>.ie
1 have the honor b> be, most re
I speettully, JAMES SPEED.
1 As tho Xew York Herald says, ' th
tide of revolution in the Cxovernmeu
ai Washington lois fairly s. r i';."
There enc now be no moro shui
fling. Tho issue is fairly made u
between the President and the ran
eals, mid gue.-- before the country an
(ho people. Thc result of the co;
ttict, in either ease, 5; pretty we
known to them, und it is for <'//. ;,? ?
<b'.'ide whether the country is to I
subj toted to continued civil strife, i
be restored to unity and peace,
more important issue ens never <.>..::
before the country during the ninoi
years o? her exist, tic,.. We hopi: tl
people will decide wi ely and wei!.
Missus. EIMTOUS: From thc: mat)
public meetings I told in various po
lions of our State to take into coi
s:M ration tho condition of the e.mi
[ try, and -tiio thousands ?d impiirii
nunie by ntunbers of its citizens, sn;
inf/, -what shall we .lo?" arv. . s tl
most soi ions upprehensions for tl
"uiure. With a drought upon u
h'-re. nnervnalled bv that ot 184
fu.urts opened to the collection
dt thc h.'tivy taxes to be born
'.fi system of 'ab:.:' to operate, ii
rtnunigement of which v>.: arc un?.
((Hain ted with; snakes the futn
look dar!;, indeed, . > the :u<>st em
getic aiming ns.
lr has been suggested to your ci
respondent that, nuder tho exi.stii
circumstances, the Legislature of o
Stab; should authorize the sale
bonds of the State to the amount
-..'.: ?.ooo.O'io. then lend her eitize
amounts sullicient to liquidate tin
I indebtedness, taking a mortgn
upon their real estate for its pay mi
in ten or twenty years, paying t
J hope you will ttrgt upon t
Legislature, through your columi
tin- importance of snell a measure;
,. it is, to inv mind, the only hope t
relief.. ' GREENWOOD.
TUE TEST OATH is nus STATE.
Washington correspondent says
.1 bear that there is no intention
! interfering with the recent d?cisi
of the TTnited State? District Coi
for South (.'at (?lina, to tho effect tl
the test oath, aa applied to lawyt
practicing in the South, is un com
i tu*ional. This decision may the
j , fore be revur.h'cl as holding good.
Slate It? in?.
Tho Lancaster-/^;<7<7'*J' says.
? Tiie drought still prevails in this,
vicinity. Kain foll in several portions'
of tho District, last week, but ir>
i many sections there has been no raitr
I for a number of weeks, and we regret
I to hoar that the general prospect for
j a crop is very unfavorable-.
The Anderson Intelligence}' has the
I We learn thnt, on Sunday la.st, a
\ disturbance took place among the utv
! groes' of a colored Sunday School,
I some six. miles South-east of this vii
I Iago. Knives, dubs aud rocks were
freely brandished during" the melee,
. but "nobody hurt. '' We did not hear
\ the origin o? the ?ray.
j Tho ?orkviUe Enquirer says:
j An unfortunate rumor prevails.to
I the effect-that there are several eases of
' small-pox in this town. We take
j groo? pleasure in assuring ?un friends
j from elsewhere^that there is' not a'
j case of the disease at this place.
" The Spartanburg Express says!
The intenso .heat of tho past two
j weeks and long continued drought
: art; exciting the fears of our farmers
with respect to' their crops. The
j early upland corn is already seriously
injured, and a lew more days of such
intense bea! and drying winds will
destroy it. aud .shorten the product
nf tho later crops-. We aro (fiad to
1 hear thai some parts of the Disfrict
have mit suffered for the want of rain.
The same paper gives" an interest?
ing account of a freedmen's pic-uic.
I It says:
(bi Sa-.imlay afternoon, in com?
pany with sewra! gentlemen wlm
S were invited guests, w- repaired ti
the beautiful ??MV" in rear of Mr.
White's house, to attend a pie-ni<
given by the freedmen of this place.
. Tim ion-- procession which had bee),
formed at the Court House am'
marehf-d np Main street was airead}
upon the ground, in open rank, form
ling two loni* lines of both sexes
arrayed iu ali tho pay attire pticalinj
to that r ice. The white guests, head
ed by ne of the marshals, wer?
marou. .trough these open column:
with ttl! overedheads, and conducted
t-. stn.el . : . -<-11-. 1 in the (trove. Ml
S. Hobo was then called upon to ad
dress the largo ass. rn lily. He s'pok
t.. them in true p?ti iarehal style; wit]
pluiunoss. earnestness and sincerity
laid do wu some wholesome maxim
for the government of their conduct
and urged upon them the importune
of being constantly employed, whe
thor the clomp fixation was -much o
litt'.-. "Six days shalt thou htbu
ard d<> all thy work,*' was his thetm
which he en foret ;d and illustrated t
thc edilieatiou of Iiis attentive audi
euee. Tho address was kindly r<
ce:vt d and loudly applauded. A ne?
un 1 well-furuish< d table was sotnpai
for the invited gi mids, witli attem'
ants to wait upon them: while th
freedmen were summoned to one o
a more extendive -cale, well provide
with everything ?hat could tempt t!i
appetite. The managers performo
their dutio.- well, preserved g??-;
ord? r, and conducted everything wit
- - - - - -
;>:\r,;;?t- to tile Party,
Tin- Xtilio:tit!Rrpit'dictn, of Tue
?lay. has tho.following lvmarks iip?
the Philadelphia Convention, whi<
we commend l . > ti:- attention of tho:
who arc fearful thal the Democrat
party will be swallowed np by tl
'.Thu t ti lernoss with which son
of ourr.idic.il fri? H?1S express tb*
fears thal the members of the Uni*
party who j;o into tho Phiiadelph
(Convention 'will be swallowed up 1
the copperheads and Southern robo!
is at times ij'ti'i overcoming to v,
We almost shudder at the idea, tn
:mir mind reverta o? the. s.id fate
Jonah. Tlien we turn to tho Dem
eratic papers, and weihidcousolatu
. in tho fr.ct that some of them exprc
? the same tear about their brethre
namely, that they will be swallow
np by I he National Union party, mei
bei-s ?if .vhich initiated au I called t
; Philadi Iphia I '.< ?nveut ion. Wiri; f.
and trembling, we have (.joked ab*
to ascertain who' will be the wh:
>tnd who will be Jonah. We do:
. i tili ilk a cathartic would darna
ci tin r I he Union or Democratic pal
ju-t al rids t imc 1 ! m itiors very lit
which party ar Philadelphia :
whale or which is Jonah. Atter t
? siiceasi ?ii of Jonah, we have
n urnalistio accounts of the mo
"ments of the wi de. Whether it di?
or swallowed another man or a wh
convention, or IVIS stralli/ireu, is i
? sh ied."
Jiie iir.pul'lic'in thou re Hearses
history of valions coalitions wh
. succeed* d in defeating the old parti
"Thero are as good tish in the
as were ever caught. We are i
willing to make another coalition
' these high, natte-.al purpose.?,
necessary. And to that end we v
; come men to the Philadelphia C
volition from every State in the Un
viho ?'an endorse the principles of
caii. As there is a just God, the ri
will triumph at Philadelphia."
t --? <?- - - -
SKCHETAT?Y SEWAnn. Itis.repot
v , in Washington that Secretary Sew
\ has prepared n letter of resignati
His oTijecl is thought t.) la-.to ind
odier more obnoxious members
thc Cabinet1 to follow his exam
His r< '/nation will not be accept
?t: liri for ?Ile People.
li Tho Marion Cresent baa Ure i'ol
?owing thoughts and suggestions on
tho present pecuniar;,- condition of
the people of this State: -
The ?etiuii of t he Court of Errors
in annulling tiio RtViy law has created,
in tonio sections ol' the- State, quite a
?lanie on tile indebtedness of the peo
plc. ft scorns to be feared that the
'crediton* will everywhere levy upon
and sell thu lands ot* Ute debtors, and
that u large portion ot .mr population
will become 1'orisfamihatecL.aud "sent
into lb i & bieuthuig world"' without a
roof to .shelba- th'Uii. Tu this District,
o.ur citizens are RS calm a? ii thc star
law was still in force. "We think here,
that public'opinion will so discounte?
nance every appearance of oppression
by creditors, that the debtor? will be
amply protected. Thc Legislature
1 will, it is said, lee called together by
the- (?overnor, ns-soon HS Congress
-adjonms^-to make laws adapted to
I the now c ondition of "the country.
S What that new condition may bc!, we
cannot now altogether foresee. But
while thc* Legislature is in session,
something may be done fur thu relief
of tho unfortunate debtors, who have
lost- property Iry emancipation and
the devastating hand t>f wm-. Thc
I credit of the Slate'is froud, and it
I w ould be weil to negotiate a loan of
?tome millions, as was done' for re?
building Charleston, aJ'ter the gre;?*
tire had ccmsumc-d a kirge portion of
' it. about titirty yours) agio. Messrs.
i Uariug, Brothers ?_ Co., of Loudon,
: lent Li ie State, through the agency ol
the Lloti. George McDnme, Sl.OUi;,
00? on the bond:, of the State, at five
?lei- cen?, intered ; for the ;>a.y2?ie?.t ot
i which the profits of Um liatik of thc
! Sui!-- . -t South Carolina wt:.-, pledget!
! as ?i security. Such .1 1? ::n indy hi
procur?e! tiOiv, ned tho Stat, woult
j iucur tio?roiiv u.> risk; for life monej
: could lie h ut out to farmers, manu
facturer-* and o> men engageel ii
commerce, on the most aCeoiumodut
: ing terms and on thc best security U
! tin- State. Mortgages of re al estate
with or without personal security
! would make loans by the State to en
terprisiug individu?is perfectly safe
? Let ibis be il ?ne, and South Carolim
I would leap forward af once on tb
I road <o privrjyifrity in agriculture
j commerce and manufactures. Th
* labor of freedmen cannot b . r< Iii .1 o:
fofthe production of large crops o
cotton and rice, us in the days gon
by, nod thc wealth of the State wi
I her. after be in different ohunntds
; much to our advantage and to th
ruin ol the negro, who has, in truth
'?been frc. tl to death,-1 ;us some on
I hus very, forcibly said. Many person
iu this District Lave been compeli?
to abandon large j>orrions of thei
crops .ui accouutof the dchdeation c
. the freed tu i n it: the performance <
' t?o ir contracts. Eu the vicinity c
Society Hill, in this Stab-. 100 acre
LUI one plantation and 130 acres o
another, have in like manner bet
ir has been suggested that, as tl
j Scripture is Ruthority for h year,
release, i verv seventh verfr, arno!
the Jews, so" wc have the hight?
sanction for mn Iring this a year of gen
ral discharge from all debts, i -p
chilly as most of the debts now th
were contracted on the basis of she
property, or in the purchase of slave
which the lawless, relentless and di
? b .Heal besom of emancipation b
forever swept away. lint it must 1
; renn mbered that release every sevi
I years was a part of the Jewish po
cy, to which tu. ir business and tina
ci:.I operation ?adapte d themselves,
we adiipt our affairs to the exist?)
statute of limitations, which is a i
lease every four years on simphi co
tracts, nu J similar to the release
the Jews. A r? lease of all d?lits nc
woul-l be repudiation, ami mo
clearly a violation of the Constitnti
than the stay law.
There is a class of poisons, some
whom, by chance or by cunning, pi
cure seats in the Legislature, who t
ai wa vs croaking against running t
Stab* into debt. They oppose alic
terprisc . .vhi.-h require the uso of I
State s credit, or ot the publicmom
i because, they say, tho dear peo;
will have to be taxed to pay what '
Stale may in c. une bonnd-for. T
is the mere trick of the decepti
faithless demagogue. The State i
tue taxes of tue people never had
j pay a dollar of the tire loan, ab.
alluded to; for the money was p
buckby.tba borrowers in every
stance. . i.that the lenders t>
State got their money again r.fte
j rebuilt Charleston. Sowiliitbev
ti:,- ioan proposed in this article.
. ?-? . *
St.: ITO UN Lv.UI-jio.U/ CoNVENW
Wc referred, yesterday, in un arti
to tin- . ute rprise mentioned in
following extract from a bich?n
letter to the Kew ?ork Fferald:
'.There is sonic: anxiety to k:
whetlu r the party of New Yolk c
talists. supposed to bt? backed by
, Globe iiisnraneo Company of 1
don, und to whom tho Virginia C
mi sinners, in May Inst, gave
Covington and Ohio Railroad,
accept ami complete that franc!
, '.rin y had ninety days to aee.ej
. decline. Their most important
i't tho c mneccion of the Atlantic
the SvYsl is of vital intercsl to \
cia, and should hove been raadej
ago. lint Virginia has never
first-class men nt the bead of hej
terna] iuiprovean nts. She has
no DeWitt. Clinton." .
Uorses are brushed by steat
s "r_? ?C*t ?5 *-.
VVo liavo boen re?]iueHted t<> stale that
them.Trill be u barbecue- at Join, r's Hotel,
to-day, at 2 o'clock. Tho lovera of good
cabing should not foil ti lx> in attendance.
>fclTin M. Cohen, Eso;., advertises some
delicious and deas.on.tdi: articles, to which
consumer? would do wc Tl to pay attention.
Hirt h otu e-01 ade blackberry jelly ix really
fine. . His ?torein ou \ssernbTy street, near
lf.vvolts. - -UV aia* indebted ?<> thc obliging
and att.cntire agent of thc National Kx
prubS C?M?pany for ii'i?t.-wed bi Yura ju tlied|
latest pajR-r^ j\nin liirhiiioi.il, altimore, .
.tc. Also Lo T. T. Zea ly. Etq.. for similar*
GqnEv'si LAOY'F Hoon. Wc hr: ve received
ft'onvMebtirs^Towns??l.*iG S?rth the An-_
guit anni! ir of this fashionable work.
is rao ft is ?ly illustrate-!, ami its reading
matter-is, itt tunad, ad iptcd to the circl<?
of reader-* for which it is intended. Messrs.
Townsend <t Xortbcan stfpply the demand.
l\ ter Ti. (Hays. B&tp, has also furriishcd
us witli a copy of Ortdfy. Persons de?
sirous of subscribing cati do through
Prof. P.ernhardt'B glasses *re ground by
peculiar machinery. Their spherical accu?
racy i? true. The focus at Hie exact centrq.
This in a point of vital itnjKiriance. ??o
other lenses possossit. They are need at
?ll tlie hospitals for diseases of thc eye, in
Berlin. Prussia, anti elsewhere. These, are
some of the advantages ?et forth in tia*
Professor's advertisement. He has met
with unprecedented *ucee<;s herc. He is
constantly engagea tn miaister;ng to th<?
relief of the afflicted, whoso vision is im?
paired t'rnni any cause. Thc medical fa-"
cult y endorse him, and all who have had
occasion to avail themselves of his profes?
sional skill? The Professor has a book of
testimonials from various parts of the
United States. His oftice is at Niekerson's
Hotel. I adi? b entrance, second fioor. As
bis-stay is limited, i-.U who have defective
eyes should call ou bim sooo.
Ni \s A i ? v>: RTISEJIKNTS. Attention iscall
5 . i tb; rollowhix advertisements, wbicli
re published (.Itiif morning for th. :ir.-;
Browne A Schiimer Iii. c. Cora, Ac.
Malvin 31. Cohen Jellies, Putter, Arr.
.T. * T. R. Agt cw New Goods-.
Shepherd, Due .v G ?hen -Tinners' Siorrk.
P. Cantwell -\'ig liam?, bard, &c.
pnrbec A Walter lussolntion.
V>. T. Walter-Atna ion Business.
J. W. Daniels-Distress Safe.
TU.- TV n nfs MC Li^klatuit'.
As this body, iii the extraordinary
course of its Governor and the radi?
cal members thereof, is attracting
considerable attention, - we extract
from tho Nashville Uni?n moi Hmuier,
of the 17th inst., the following stnto
m< nt, which exhibits some character?
istics of tyranny that is of a piece
with the radical programme through?
out the coantry:
The first fruits of the revolutionary
proceedings of the Tennessee Legis?
lature were witnessed in this city.
The Hon. Pleasant Williams, a mem?
ber of the Legislature from Carter
County, was forcibly arrested at Ids
nome, on Snii? ; morning last, be
f. :e ditv-ligut, by two men, named
Frappe and Sipel-one of them a
white mau and the other a negro
which was the white and which the
black, we did not learn. Ile was hur?
ried to the cars by these persons in
hut haste and brought to this-city.
On his arrival, he Wsis turned over io
Wm. Heydt, a special sergeant-at
nrms, (an officer unknown to the laws
of Tennessee.) created for this special
occasion. He was then carried to the
capitol, and there kept in close cus?
tody during tho greater part of the
day--not being allowed to go to his
In the afternoon, Mr. "Wilhams,
through a friend, waa enabled to ?om
j municate with counsel, who imme
i diately applied to Judge Thomas N.
, Frazier, of the Criminal Court, for a
writ of hnhent corpus, which he grant?
ed, abd tho hearing is set for this
morning, at9 o'clock.
Mr. Williams has also instituted ?
snit against the party making the
arrest, together with ail the members
of the House who were present and
voted for tlie measure which led to
his arrest-laying his damages nt
S50.0?L). for false imprisonment.
We e.innot refrain from pronounc?
ing this entire proceeding ou the part
of tho Legislature as the most high
, handed andftagitons usurpation, ami
outrageous violation of personal
liberty, that has ever occurred in the
legislative history of America. If Hie
radicals have deliberately resolved to
enforce their opinions and measures
upon the people of the State of Ten?
nessee by usurpation and violence, it
! is time for us to arouse and vindicate
. the maj-sty of popular righiSj^Td
We do ?ot counsel violence, but
we do advise and insist, upon the
1 assertion of the liberties of the peo?
ple according to law, and thc prompt
. suppression of lawlessness, whether
it is manifested by the petty thief, the
highway rubber, or n member of the
Legislature, or a cabal or conspiracy
? of members. The subversion of tho
liberties of n free people is tho most
heinous of public crimes.
-? o ? ?
A mulatto and a young lady, who
eloped, have been overtaken and
brought hick. Tlie friends of the
young lady took the African to parts
unknown, lt i-- believed they lynch?
ed him. His father, who has con
I siderable property, is determined fully
I to investigate the matter.