Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, August A\% 1866.
TU o Kinar..ial l>rospi'?(.
Notwithstanding our pqlitical trou
bl??t. ?io briT _t_te_??i? V- uabUsh
from tima to time, issued frona 'the
Treasury Department, are quite en?
couraging. Fron? one of the most
recent o? these bulletius, we loam
that tho national debt has been ro
diro??3l_*ttt*7 ?ie year ending-the lat
iust., -to aa amount nearly of #125?
090,000. " And alter all this has boen
done, there is still left in tho Trea?
sury, according, to tho report nf tho
Secretary, she sum of 137,317,332.
These are highly encouraging figu.es,
and dispel any apprehension with
regard to any." disaster arising freon
tho largo amount, ol tho debt of
the Goverumcut. Hud it not been
for radical legislation,, "reckless, as it
was, bofe? poUfcieally and financially,
this favorable exhibit would have
been still stronger than it even
With the restoration of all the
State?, and the consequent prosperity
of such action, with the overthrow of j
tb? radicals, and their reckless extra- j
vagance, aud under the wise manage
ment of such a practical and clear- ?
headed financier aa the bead of the
department, Secretary MeCulloch,
there need uot be any fear of any
depreciation in Government securi?
ties, or the decline of tho nation's I
credit, in any stock market in the'
The Reported Cholera in New York, j
As many of our merchants and j
others are deterred from goiug to New j
York by tho exaggerated reports of
the prevalence of cholera in that city, ?
we"deem it our duty to publish tho I
following letter, from Dr. Chapman, j
which appears iu the Journal if Com- \
SATTJBDAY, August 4, 18G(>. ;
DEAP. SIR: Your article in paper !
Of August 3, headed "Money Mar- j
feet," whereiu you refer to the exist- j
ence of cholera in our midst, is so
expressive, generally, of the opinion !
of a majority of physicians, that I
deem it no more than justice to state
that, if such an article bad riot ap?
peared in your columns, you would
have been requested shortly to publish !
a protest, gotteu up by tho faculty
exclusive of the gentlemen connected]
with the Sanitary Department, deny-1
rug the existence of Asiatic cholera, j
either in New York or Brooklyn. I
Would it not be well, therefore," to ?
keep said article before the public?
JNO. S. CHAPMAN, M. D.,
13 W. 20th street.
The Winnsboro Neus copies a let?
ter from Mr. W. E. Adger, formerly
of Fairfield District, dated Bossier
Parish, July 23. We extract the fol?
"Our crop will bo light, this year.
On the hills, the crops look very well,
but Bullering for ruin at this time; '
but not more than one-half of the ;
lands are planted this year. T^ic
crops on the river look badly, except
on some small patches that were not i
overflowed. On a great many places
?rhere they have made two bales to \
the acre, they will uot make one bale
to five acres, aud on somb places uot
ono bale to twenty-five acres. Nearly
all the corn was killed by the over
How. Some planted after the water
went oIT, but the cut worm eat nearly
all of it. I hear that thc caterpillar j
and boll worm have commenced on |
the cotton, but! have not seen any ;
yet; but they are almost sure to come |
this year. My crop looks well. I
did not have more than eight aeres
destroyed by the overflow, but it has
been a hard bisk for me to keep tho !
weeds and grass down. Tho freed- j
men do not hurt themselves working,
and 1 am afraid they will not work !
much more. On tome places, I learn,
they have stopped work, when they i
aro getting a part of it. They say j
the crop is made.
"If I can make a living nt any?
thing else, I don't think 1 will try the
free negroes again, although t ought
not to complain of my crop, U3 it is
so much better than a great many
others. If 1 can save my crop, 1
think I will make eight or ten bales
to the hand."
EXACTLY HIGHT.-Mr. Gorman, the
lato Postmaster of tho Senate, was
summarily dismissed from that office
by tho radicals, because lie favored
the President's policy. We arc glad
to eeo that the Presidont has appoint?
ed him a Collector o? the Internal
llevenuo in Maryland, of which State
he ?J a native. Tho dismissal from a
petty office of a faithful and compe?
tent employee, because he differed
from bis employers on political ques?
tions, is worthy of radical meanness;
but as this is a game two can play at,
we aro of opinion that tho President
will not bo much worsted.
Tin? FrccdMMi'i B?r??m.
Gen??als gtoednia? and* Fnllertota
baveftt length mail? their report ??
the wotking of this institution^ Tkjs
report, is long and vnry interesting,
giving ?f?ll account of the inspection
made in the States of Ooorgia, Ala?
bama, Mississippi, Louisiana and
Texas. "We condense extracts-from
the report: ^
A great' reduction in tho expenses
of tho Boxean, und a reform which
would render it fur less objectionable
than, ft is now, would be effected by
the discontinuance of ail paid em?
ployees not in the military service pf
thc Government This would rcdnee
the oxpen3CS for dorks, contract .sur?
geons, hospital steward*, Ac, the
following amounts: Georgia, $84,581
per aiiniun; Alabama, $33,312; Mis?
sissippi, ?30,270; Lmrisianat ?55,?84;
.Texas, $10,8y">-making a toto* of
^165,052 lier annum.
. AH tlie labor performed by.these
employees, except; perhaps, thc oo-c
casional seryicos of a contract sur?
geon, might be discharged by details
from thc troops. lu previous reports
we liavo recommended tho merging
of the duties of the Bureau and the
niflitery. We would again respect?
fully urge this amalgamation, and
that one ?et of officers should bo re?
quired to perform thc joint dutie3,
thus avoiding the expense of main?
taining two establishments.
Tho Bureau ia Georgia, under the
management of the present able and
efficient assistant commissioner, Bro
v*et Major-General Tilson, has been j
honestly administered, nud lins ac- ?
compUshcd all the good of which tho
system is capable. It has been as?
sisted by tho Governor, the Judges
of tho Supreme Court, by the civil
authorities, and to some extent by !
the citizens. The amended laws of
Georgia, are fully as liberal as those
of any Northern State, and place thc
negro in all respects on a perfect
equality with the white man as to his
AL.AH.VMA.-In this Statte, Major
General Swayne, the assistant com?
missioner, has pursued a discreet ?ind
enlightened policy in administering
tho affairs of thc Bureau, laboring on 1
all occasions to secure the co-opera?
tion of tlie civil authorities, and to
obtain from the judicial machinery of
the State a recognition of the rights !
essential to the security and well?
being of tho freed people. This po- j
licy of General Swayne hits produced |
a much moro kindly feeling towards I
tho Bureau than exists where its j
agents have assumed to exercise judi?
Though the administration at head?
quarters has been satisfactory, sub?
ordinate agents have been guilty
of considerable irregularities. Tho
names of several engaged in planting
MISSISSIPPI.-Tho control of the
freedmen's affairs iu this State is in
tho hands of Major-General Wood.
With thc exception of some localities,
the negroes are workingindnstrionsly,
and as a rule aro kindly treated and
doing well. In this, as in others we
have visited, the ollicers of the Bu?
reau formerly imposed and collected
tines, and many kept no records. We
found a marked instance of this kind
at Grenada, where a former agent of
the Bureau, Chaplain Livermore, did
a thriving business in the way of col- j
lecting fines, selling rations and Go- !
vernment horses and mules. This
officer seems not only to have collect- j
ed hues ranging from fifty cents to i
five dollars from the freedmen for
marrying them, but also attempted
to exact fees from resident white mi?
nisters for giving them permission to
In eases where tho negroes were
unable to pay thc sum demanded of
them for approving their contracts or
marrying them, tho Chaplain Wied
on their personal property, in one
caso seizing a negro's empty wallet
and jack knife for a balance of fifty
cents. This close driving is proba?
bly to bc accounted for by tho fact !
that Chaplain Livermore openly ex-1
pressed Iiis intention to return to
Illinois with ?10,000 in his pocket.
After he had been removed from his
post, he offered a military officer $50
for his influence to retain him in his
position. Chaplain Livermore left
no official papers behind to show the
disposition he had made <>f the funds
received. A large amount of money
was also collected by the first two
agents at Columbus, in the shape of
fees and fines, and, so far its we could
leura, no account was over rendered
of it. This class of ollicers have
\ lately been mustered ont, or have
j disappeared. Under tho present ad
I ministration, tho agents exercise no
I judicial j lowers.
LOUISIANA.-Thu Bureau in thisde
; partment is more in need of rctrench
? ment and reform than in any other
! State wc have visited. More* money
! has been collected, and more money
has been squandered in Louisiana
than in any other three Southern
, States. The expenses of tho Bureau,
as accounted for for tho liscid year
ending iii?? 1st of June, 1866, were
j over $300,000. To meet this expen?
diture there were collected in taxes
and rents the following amounts:
! For school purposes ...... .$96,387 3C
From rent-. 02.431 00
! From poll-tax . 40,05? ll
From Corps d'Afrique tax. ..23,000 00
From fines. . 673 10
Total .$253,448 -17
j Leaving a deficit of 860,057.33 to
j be paid out of the national treasury.
1 These expenses are in addition to tho
transportation, ra t? ohs. and qnarter
aiaStor's supplies furnished by the
Government. It is difficult to d?ter?
rai ue to what use the vast amount of
property held by the Bureau hos
beeu applied. At the very lowest es?
timate, the property taken possession
of as confiscated or abandoned
amounted in value .to $10,000,000,
and the rents returned as above n^eu
tioned ore less than one per cent, on
the entire value.
The expon ditnro of the Bureau,
?under the present administration, for
agents,-civilian clerks and emiployees
i ?bout its headquarters alone, amount
to not less than t?i0,236 a year, ex?
clusive of the *pny of staff-officers
and orderlies in tho military service.
i , A large proportion of tho mouey
expended on the- freedmen schools,
j nuder the administration of thoBov.
T. W. Conway, the late assistant com?
missioner, Wo are satisfied wa? squan?
dered. Mr. Matthew Whilden, for?
merly chief derk in the-school de?
partment-in evidence -bofore us
\ stated that in September, 18(35, Capt.
Pease, the school superintendent, re?
ported officrarly that thora wire forty
schools in operation and in a flour?
ishing condition, when, in, fact, there:
Were but two.
. From' the sworn testimony it viii
be seen tba* Capt. Morse, appointed
i provost-marshal of the Bureau b\
! Mr. Conwav', made the provost-mar
? shal's office a slav? pen, arresting
I freedmen and selling them to plan
' ters at $5 a bead, and- bim ring tin
proceeds with- his spt oiaj p?hoemet
i who made the arrests. This officei
I further collected a large amount o,
\ money from freedmen and white per
flous arrested by him for various., of
fences, and hf? books only show re
ceints from this source amounting U
The Bureen ia cultivating a large
plantation in this Statv, for which i
pays $10,000 or* $15,000 a year-a
rout. Wc eau scar oe! y imagine th
excuse for renting land on account o
j the United States, when the. Govern
j nient, through each Congres?, i
j giving away millions of acres o
I public laud*-; to corporations.
"CcXAH--E?CU Aaaxr AN A-BSOnUTJ
MojrABriL-A? the Bureau agents ii
Texas exercise judicial powers ii
both civil and cnminal cases, and ii
1 the discharge of these arbitrary an<
dangerous functions, frequently ST
rest and imprison respectable citizen
upon mere rumor.
Ton of the thirty-five agents ii
this State aro citizen-planters. . On
of them, Col. MoConuaghe, agent ii
Thornton County, was formerly
Colonel in tho rebel army, and WH
appointed an agent <?f tho Bureau fi.
Gen. Gregory, then assistant com
missioner for the State, while still itu
So fur as we saw, or were utile t
get information in Texas, the freed
men were working well and the crop
were promising. The wages paid
all the payments being made i
specie-were better than in airy othc
ScM?iAitY.-lu pursuing this in ve.?
ligation, which luis how extended ovi
four months, wo have found extrem
difficulty in complying with that poi
tion of oui* instructions which r<
quires us to report upon tho open
tions of the Bureau und its mode <
administration. Tho Bureau has n
settled mode of administration
There is an entire absence of systci
OK uniformity in it.-, coustitutioi
In one State, its officers exercise ji
dicial powers; in an adjoining Statt
ali cases aro referred to civil author
tics; whi'e in a third State, tho Jit
reuu ofi.cers collect the cases an
tarn them over to tho military pr<
vost coutts to dispose of. Tn som
departments, tho officers ni thc. Bi
rcau have attempted to regulate th
rate of wages; one form <>f contra?
between employer and employed
prescribed iu one State, while in ui
i other., a different form Ls adopted. I
? Louisiana, the expenses of the free?
i men's sehoobrhave been wholly pai
by the Government; in the otbi
States, the schools are partially sci
supporting, and in Jexas they ai
entirely so. In some localities, tl
Bureau officers interfer?1 arbitrar!
between thc planter and tlie free?
men in favor of tho freedmen; i
other localities, the Bureau is used i
a means of coercing tho freedmen
j favor of the planter. The expeuii
i ture of the Bureau varies as much ;
its mode of administration. In oi
State, the expenses are over c300,0l
ja year; in another State, with ;
I equal population, the expenses :i
j not more than ?50,000. lu son
j State-., tho expenses have been m
j by taxes levied on and collected fro
I the people; in other States, the ci
j is entirely borne by the United Stat
The official report of Col. Ken
United States Army. Provost Mi
shal-General of the Bureau of Loni
ana, shows a deficit of upwards
87,000 in the accounts <>f the ofBet
. who wer.? engaged in tho collecti;
j ?d' taxes in New Orleans, which dell
'('ol. Keno says he is unable tot
? plain, in consequence of the lo?i
I manner in which tho books w<
j We ar?* of tho opinion, that al t
i close of tho war, an?l for some til
j after the cessation bf hostilities, t
\ Freedmen's Bureau did good. T
; people of the South, having at ii
no faith in the negroes working un?
I a free hthor system, were desirous
getting rid of them, and ?luring t
summer of 18G5, judicious Bun
and military officers did much
ward restoring order and harmoi
and inducing the people of the Soi
to reattme the cultist ion ol their
plantations by em ploying the freed",
men. Before the close of 18?5, there
was an entire revolution in the senti?
ments of. the people of the South
with regard to' the negro labor. A
feeling ol kindness sprang np. to?
wards tho freedmen, resulting, per
hnps,' mainly from the conviction
that his labor was desirable, profit?
able and the only labor to be had. -
The necessity of the Bureau then
ceased. Since then, while it has
boen beneficial in some localities, it
lias been productive, in the aggre?
gate, pf more harm than.good. It
has occasioned and will perpetuate
dis?-Did as long as it exists, though
admin isle red-by tho purest, and wisest
I men of the nation. The freedmen
j regard its presence aa evidence that
j they would be unsafe without it, and
I the white'ppople consider it an inipu
j tntioujapon their integrity and fair?
ness] an espionage ripon tho official
I action of nil their courts end magis
[ trates, as well as upon -the primate
eondffot of their citizens. Both races
are-thus made suspicious and bitten*
by an agency which, in the present
re-organized condition of eivU go?
vernment and society in the South?
ern Stab's, is powerless to advance
the interests of either.
Inte?-?"?tinJJ to Frteilmca.
We find the following letter from
the Financial Secretary of tho Ame?
rican Cutinization Society published
j in our Georgia exchanges. In con?
nection with it, we copy the following
I commente of.the Augusta Chronicle
j (Tiul Scutttul:
Many of the colored people are iu:
spiiod with a laudable ambition to
? ri1*? in th?- ?i Miial scale above the gene
; rid degradation of their race.: It ia
1 very evident that, no matter how
? many civil rights bills ami declara
j rations of eqnati ty cumber our statute
. book.-", tho white race is bound to bc
the governing class. It is so iu New
Kugland, where most of the pestilent
champions of equality originate, and
it luis been so from the time Noah
entered tho ark, wherever tho whit?
md black races come in contact. It
is act birauge, therefore, that th<
I colored people, who wish to have i
j fair and opeu held in thc race of ad
I vanceme.nt, should seek thu laud o
! the black man, where ail'tho avenue:
of advancement are open, and when
j there can be no jostling of races
' The history of Liberian progress, i
is true, is not ol the most ohecrinj
! character, lt, is much fairer, how
! ever, than the history ol' those looali
? ties where thc colored people havi
I sought political power in eoauectioi
j with the white race.
j The only place in history whore til
j colored mau, as a rnce. has made pro
gress in the scale of civilization, hu
i been ia the condition of servitude
! The voice of civilization and pidiar.
I thropy (so-called) haye torn him froi
that congenial and happj* sphere, an
i inspired bira with restless longing
i tor a condition of equality which :
j incompatible with tho structure <
I our society-abhorrent to reason au
repugnant to nat ire. It is bette
tlu-r?.bue. that those who aspire t
rise above a condition of dependence
should bo colonized and remove
; from tho disturbing influences whir
! attend their present condition, lt
for these reasons that wc common
I the circular of the Colonization S
j ci" ty to the attention of all freed rm
j who have imbibed the teachings i
j e.pi.ii itv wiiieh have obtained sm
j mischievous currency among them:
( JOLI >N I/.ATloN 1 iO( ?MS,
j WASHINGTON, I). C., Aug. 0, lstin.
MY DK.U; Sm: lu your paper of
! lat?: date, you mention that many
the colored people in your State a
; agitating the question of going
: Liberia, and you want to know whe
' are thu ??gents of tho Colonizatii
j Society, lt is true, wc have no age
! at present, in your State, but we ha
; not been i>H". We have written
many, and have bent copies of t
\ African Repository, and of our li
! annual report niel of various tra?
I and si.ort urti des to thousands
1 your Stat '. Y* o have had ninny li
. toys from persons in Macon mid
Sparta; and wc have promised
1 have a ship ready at Savannah t
1st November, to take one bundi
people from each place, and abc
fifty t > seventy-five from Newbei
District, South Carolina, and
, promise them a ire?' passage, to )
. beria, -and ?ix months support the
I And wc an- prepared to promise 1
'sanie toas many worthy people
will bo ivadv to sail hy thc 1st Mi
Wo shall be happy to have j
state ihose facts in your paper, a
say to any who warft to go this t
i or "next spring, that if they will
! form us, wc will afford them all
formation and ? very facility in i
1 st ml you herewith specimens
the tracts wc are circulating ami
tilt- colored people. You may t'
in tin m material for a paragraph t
will 'lo good.
Wc will si ntl you the Rcposit
I regularly, it you desire it. that j
. may sec A hnt is g"ing on in t
clime. W. McLAIN,
Financial Secretary A. C. S
,r. T. ll ?yd, of Beaver, Pu.,
found in Iii-, garden a gold c<
nearlv an ounce, nial bearing dat?
1). 529. it s an old coin. Fort 1
Intosh once occupied tho spot wi
it was discovered, and it was pr? din
curried th ?Ve by sonic of the Bri
i olBcers when they occupied the f
i mi'. .im i wmm mm
trrom Cur ?fie.
W?J give below " tho speeoJl - in foll
delivered by "King William at tho
opening of the Prussian Chambers,
at Berlin, -on the Gtk instant:
.The King in poraph opened the
Prussian Chambers yesterday, (Mon?
day, Augwst G.) The members rose
on his entry and cheered for him and
Count Stolberg was elected Presi?
dent of the Upper House.
The following is the King's speech I
Illustrious* 2foblt aud Louai. (Jcrdlenum..
rf Both Bouges of ike Diet
Now thai I ?ec assembled around
me the representatives of the coun?
try, nay heart impel? tue to express
first of all from this*, place my own
and ray people's thanks for God's
gracious goodness, which has assisted
Prussia amidst the beary but success?
ful sacrifi?es, not only ia averting
from onr frontiers tho dangers of
hostilities, but in enabling the armies
of the country, by a rapid victory, to
add fresh laurels to its inherited fame
and smooth course for the national
development of Germany, accompa?
nied by the visible blessings of God.
The part of the na ti rm capable of
bearing arms enthusiastically obeyed
the summons to the sacred struggle
for the independence nf the Father?
land. Our heroic army, Tropperted
by a few faithful n'Hes. advanced
from success to sucrose, from victory
i u the Bast as in thc. West, linen
precious blood hos been shed. Tho
country mourns the ross of many
brave mea, who died heroes iu tho
flush of triumph, until our. standard
waved along a line .extending from
the Carpathian Mountain-; to the
?t will be for the trovernmeut and
representatives of the people, in
United co-operation, to bring to ma?
turity tl>e fruit that must be gathered
from this sanguinary seed, to prevent
its having been scattered in vain.
Loyal gentlemen of both Houses ol
the Diet, my Government is ?hie te
look with satistaction u poo thelman
cia! position of tim State. Careful
foresight and conscientious coonama
have placed us in a position-kojOV*?r
come tlie great financial dif?k-nliie?
which have resulted as a natural cou
sequence from the circumstances o
the present time. Although materia
outlay -baa- been' imposed upon th?
treasury during recent -years by ti*
war in Denmark, it has been fount
possible to meet the expenses hitherto
iucurred in the present war from th'
State revenue ahd-existing balances
without imposing any other b?rde:
apon tho country thoa that-ef fur
nishing the supplies iu kind for wa
purposes that it is bound to suppb,
I hope and am assured that the fm
ther moans required for the succes?
ful termination of thc War and th
payment for the supplies in kim]
while maintaining oidor anti soeurit
in finance, will be readily granted t
you. No agreement with tue reyr?
tentatives could l>e effected as to
.settlement of the budget during tb
last few years. The State outlay ii
curred during this period is, thor
fore, destitute of that legal basi
which 1 again acknowledge, au
which the budget uloue can read
The ninety-ninth article of the Coi
stitution ordains that tho budget
annually to be agreed upon b?twe<
my Government and the two Hons
of the Diet Although my Cover:
mentabas, nevertheless, carried ou
budget, for several years, without tl
legal basis, this has only been doi
after conscientious examination ai
with thc conviction, in accordau
with the Diet, that the conduct
the Administration, the fulfillment
legal obligations towards the pub!
creditors and officials, and the mai
tenance of the army and the Stn
establishment, were questions vit
to the existence of tim State; ai
that the course adopted, therefoi
became one of those inevitable r
cessities which, in interest for t
country as the Government, we nu
not hesitate to adopt. I trust that t
recent events will in so far contribt
to justify our having carried on t
administration without a law re?.
tating the application which will
made to the representatives, and w
readily bc granted to my ( rovernmei
and the hitherto existing conflict
therewith finally and the more
curely brought to a conclusion.
As may be expected, the politi
position of tho fatherland will n
admit of an extension of tho front
of the Statt; and the establishment
a United Federal army. This uri
will be under Prussian Icadersh
and the costs will be borne in e?ji
proportions by all members of t
Confederation. The bills required
this respect for the convocation o
popular representative Federal St
will be laid before tho Diet with*
Gentlemen, you know well that 1
entire fatherland feels the high i
portaneo of tho movement wh
brings mo once more among y<
May Providence bless Prussia as p
ciously in the future as He has v
hly blessed it in tho immediate p;
May God grant it!
BRIDE OF AS Horn.- -The Pen
cola Observer publishes the marri
in that city, on the 26th of July,
Capt. Pangborn, Paymaster liii
States Army, to Miss Mary E.
gram. On Tuesday, the 31st, Ct
Pangbom's funeral service was j
formed in the same city. He diet
2'.? o'clock on the morning of
BUU?KS io? H*$E ia ?taTirric*:.-Le t?
ter? of Administration, "Declaration
Bond ox Sealed Ko te, Mortgage* aud Con?
veyance* of ItoaW?st?*^ -
We have been requested by H. D. Hean,
??q., Secretary, to stabi that tho p?rys in
th* new Washington Street Chapel wtfi b?
rem od uu WfciUi .-setay afUrnoi/w, 15th iua?.,
at 5 o'clock p. m.
""FRX &uufiTXr; *r>r COXFaflHA. - AU nj'r
estiag account ol W20 "Sack and Detjtruc
?V111 of Clia City vt Columbia, s. i.'.," bu?
Just been issnod, tn paurphl*** -torn/, i rom
th? Phnmlr power prc*"*. < : dei* filled tc?
any extent. Singlo ?opies ri??euts. - .
To TRAYET.KTtS TO ASDtTOKTB? ??oaTH.
.Attention itt hivitwd "io the advertisement
of S. L. Fremont, Eecp", agent <of the Wil?
mington and.W^ldo^liailroarl. i"*assengers
over Lliis route irftl fiud comfortable c^rs.
and everything m the'-hest condition. Au
th?? cr??t ffontbern tn ail Ls carried over
thin route, sure connections may be relied
un- - ?. __ " -
DEDICATION op THE WAflHrNorosr Sruo*r
5fcTnoni.sr CtiAprx. -This building (which
occupies thc hite of the neat two-?tory lec?
ture room, burnt -?ut tho trver-memoralde
17th of February,) is a 'compact, plain'
structure, capable of scating tully :k)0 per?
sons, and was erected by coatributions
from citizens of the State generally. "Every
available ?ootof room ira* taken up on the
occasion of thc dedication.
The services wtrc opened with an an?
them by tho choir. After which a hymn
was sung, the whole congregation uniting:
KTioceedcd by an eloquent- prayer- by Kev.
N". Talley. Rev. E. G. Gage read a Sorip
ture lesaon, and llcv. \Viu. T. Capers, Ibo
pastor, delivered .an elorpacnt discourse
from the text-^hich, bj- tim way, i ? tia?
inscription on thc front of the chapel-"
"For mino lion?? shall be called an house
of prayer f<>? all people.*' At tin.- cenc?o?
sion of tb? atoraron, Wm. Martin
dedicated the cEapcl to thc: Worship of Go?L
'Plie ? hoir snug another hymn, and the
Rev. N. Talley c?ncln**lod ti?: Service?. *
SoMtmivn NKW.--Wu kave becu sa?wn
a North Carolina invention, called 'The
Watch Dog, or bleeping Man's Protector"
an iroTvbox. nearly sonare, wefghhig six?
teen pen uti*, contain mg a gun or ?mali
cannon, and so arrangw? by wires that it
will explode r.t a alight touch. The ram?
mer of the gun in u.*.-J as a lever to raise
the strong spring, widda, when eet, maybe
released and thrown upon a percussion
r-ap, which discharged the gun, by the
touching of strings tb at arc attached b?
four, wires, and may be extended to any
distance. The noise of tho explodion -viii
itself startle a thief, to say nothing of Lae
shot from the gun. This invention is by
Mr. II. C, Heptinstall, of Halifax County,
N. C It may bc used in stores, smoke?
houses, Corn-,.-ribs, Laius, orchards, and,
indeed, in any situation.
The agent, Mr. John Collins, in now in
tlii.i city, for the purpose of disposing of
machines. They can be examined at the
store of Messrs. Levin ? I'eixotto. corner
ot' Assembly and blain stacets.
At a church meeting of the congregation
of tho Washington Street Methodist
Church, on Sunday, August ll, the fol?
lowing preamble ami resolutions were
Whereas, when the congregate nof the
Washington Street Church had been de?
prived of a place of worship, and were scat?
tered about as sheep having no fold, thc
Baptist congregation opened tho doors of
their church to their af?hetod and desii
tute brethren, and afforded them a shelter
in tin ir time of sore need;
Resolved, Tleit we, the congregation of
the Washington Street Church, do tender
our u;"st profound and cordial thanks to
our brethren of the Baptist Church, for
the use of their house of worship, for many
mont tis past, and for the unvarying Chris?
tian courtesy and brotherly kindness ex
ten.led to us by them.
Resoled, That we earnestly trust that
tho spirit of fraternal intercourse thus
engendered between these two sister
churches may he constantly cherished by
tho members of tho same; and that, for?
getting tho distinction's of sect, we may
continually work together in love for th?
glory of our common Lord and Master.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolu?
tions be transmitted to the pastor of tho
Baptist Church, and also that they bo pub?
lished in thc daily papers of the city.
NKW AnvKBTlSKME> rs. - Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the lirst
Fisher A Lowrance-Fresh Arrivals.
'" The Walch Doc," at Levin A Peixotto's.
Wm. A. Lay - Valuable Real Estate.
Edward Sill - Turnip Seed.
S. !.. fremont-Notice to Travelers.
Dr. G. IL Miot-Turnip Seed.
Apply at lids Office-Spectacles Lost.
City of Columbia Notice.
("IIAKLESTON".-The Courin- states
that Officers Hendricks and Chapman
have made a haul on a large lot of
valuable glassware, which had been
stolen from a King street store.
Collector Mackey has seized thc
llritish bark Shaw, from Havana, and
imprisoned thc captain, on a charge
A difficulty occurred, on Saturday
night Inst, at the Wost Point Rice
Mill, between thc watchman, assisted
hy tho superintendent, nnd several
freedmen, in which the former was
Thc New York World says iis re?
porter has ascertained that in that
city, there aro 150 whiskey stills kepi
in constant operation, which supply,
on au average-, 7,5'>0 barrels daily,
and duty is not paid on more than
5U0 barrels, if upon so much. So
the Government is swindled out or
?14,000 daily, cr nearly $6,000,00(1