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I havo conven cd .tho General Assembly fn extraordinary session, for the
y ^purpose, of :zoit*j^r^T$iing such modifications of existing laws with refer
- '" . euee'to persons of color as will entitle tho tribune^* of this State to exeif
. S^e. jnripdi?tion over thetii m all cases ; such a re-organization Of these
; / "tribunals- :is? inity bef.lrj3t adapted to this end; such enactments as will
effect greater certainty, as well as econoniy, in the punishment of crime
amongst all classes; and lastly,, sueh measures of relief-as, in my judg?
ment, aro necessary, in'view of the present condition of .the people.
".It is a, striking anomaly, that more Chan one-half of all the inhabitants of
? tho State are not amenable to trial before the State tribunals, and are
i4 .-. r exempt from all liability to punishment under State laws. ' In a majority
; ? of the Districts, neither Provost nor freedmen's Coorts are in OT^i??noe,
?aid persons of color perpetrate crime with impunity. Some ol their
_ . gravest offences against society aro tried before Military Commissions, bnt
the long delay in bringing tho criminal to justice, tho necessity oftentimes
bf removing him to a rom?te place, where a Commission is organized for
trial, tho difficulty of securing tho attendance of witnesses, and the
expenso devolved upon the prosecutor, conspire to render such tribunals
-r -wholly inefficient in pnriTshing the-guilty, or deterring others from perpe?
trating crime. . . *
"Where Provost Courts are organized, tho puuishments imposed on
. freedmen for crime are nob in conformity to our laws, and aro much ligate* |
" than punishments imposed by State Courts upon white, men for the_trairo j
offences. The laws of -every well-iegtHatid State .should operate equally J
upon all the inhabitants, and if a white man is punishable by death for
'arson or burglary, there is no justice or propriety in permitting a freed
. . .-man to escape for a like offence with a Sue or light imprisonment. When
our laws are so modified that all persons may bo tried before tho Same
? tribunal, and, npou conviction, subjected to the same punishment for thc
same class of offences, all reason for tho interference of Federal authority
. with the administration of justice will-have ceased, and no impediment
w?l exist to the jurisdiction of tho State Courts over all cases, civil and
". In the series of Act?, passed in December last, known as tho Code,
there are varions discriminations against freedmen, which should be
repealed, and civil rights and liabilities as to crime should be accorded to
all inhabitants alike.
?.i Tho last section cf.tho Act to establish District Courts provides that
"the Judges elected under this Act shall not be commissioned until the
Governor shall be satisfied that they will be permitted to exercise thc
jurisdiction committed to them."
The Judges have not been commissioned, having satisfied myself that
they would not be permitted by the military authorities to exercise juris?
diction over persons of color, which was tho main purpose in establishing
?: the Courts. The District Conrt may, however, bo made invaluable, by.
increasing its jurisdiction in civil, and restricting it in criminal coses te/|
offences punishable with less than death, thereby relieving the superior
Courts of many cases which retard tho despatch of more important buei
* " I therefore recommend that the sittings of the Court be quarterly, or
oftener, if necessary ; that all misdemeanors and felonies now punishable
by fine, imprisonment or whipping, by whomsoever committed, bo tried
in that Court ; that all felonies punishable by doath, including the differ
ent degrees of homicide, bo tried by tho Court of General Sessions ; that
the offices of a grand jury bo dispensed with in tho District Court, and
. .defendants tried on indictment without presentment or true bill ; that,
with the consent of tho parties in civil cases, or of the defendant iu
criminal cases, thc presiding Judge may hear and determino auy causo or
indictment without tho intervention of a petit jury ; that th? petit jury
shall consist of twelve, and tho venire of eighteen ; that in case of the
-acquittal of tho defendant, the Judge be authorized to certify, if in his
opinion the facts justify it, that the prosecution was frivolous or ground?
less, and when snch certificate is given, that the prosecutor be liable for
nil the costs incurred ; that no other security to prosecnto be required by
a .Magistrate from a complainant than his own recognizance; that thc
jurisdiction of the Court in civil cases-be extended to o200 ; and that the
jury be paid for their servict*e-by a fee taxed on each case they may try.
- By the thirtieth section of the "Act to establish District Courts" it is
provided .'* that in every case, civil and criminal, in which a person of
coloris a.party, or which affects tho person or property of a person of
color, persons of color shall bo competent witnesses." Tho accused in
such a criminal case, and the parties in ever}' such civil case, may be wit
- nesses, and so may every other person who is a competent witness, etc."
* The first paragraph of this section, admitting persons of color to testify
in all cases where themselves or their race are directly concerned, and exclud?
ing them by implication in all coses where they are not interested, cannot
b? reconciled with sound policy or just discrimination. They are admitted
in that class of cases where their interest, sympathy, association and
feelings would bo most likely to pervert their consciences and invite to
false swearing, and oro excluded from testifying iu all cases wher? no
motive could exist to swear falsely, except that of a depraved heart. The
distinction is illogical.and indefensible, ana it cannot be denied that it has
its foundation in a prejudice against the caste of the negro. If tho rules
of evidence in all tho Courts were so modified as to make all persons and
Sarties competent witnesses in their own and all other cases, no possible
anger could resnlt from it. Many of the States of the Uuioa, and
several of the civilized countries of the old world, Lave tried the experi?
ment, and the result proves that the cause of truth and justice has been
?hereby promoted. The object of every judicial investigation is to ascer?
tain the truth, and when found, to dispense justice in conformity thereto.
With intelligent Judgesand discriminating juries, correct conclusions will
be more certainly attained by hearing every fact, whatever may bo the
character or color of tho witness.
In tho second paragraph of the section already quoted, tho General
Assembly have readied tho same conclusion ; for in all cases where per?
sons of color are allowed to testify, ail persons, including partios, are
declared competent witnesses. Would it not ba eminently wise to adopt
the same rule in all Courts, and extend it to all persons ?
In civil coses, the testimony of persons of color is oftentimes requisite
to elucidato tho facts and secure a just decision. They constitute a
majority of tho entire population of the State, and of necessity aro often
sole witnesses of contracts aud transactions between white persons. Shall
the*parties in such cases bo denied justice, by excluding thc only evidence
to secure it, because of an apprehension that it may be in a measure unre?
liable? Would it not be more in accordanco with an established rule, toi
receive the evidence and weigh its value ? In the law of evidence, thc
character and standiug of a witness goos to affect his credibility, and not
his competency. Why not, in the caso of tbeperson of color, follow this
rule to its logical conclusion ?
In criminal cases, theso considerations weigh with peculiar force. Tho
negro is readily deceived and corrupted, aud becomes an easy prey to the
machinations of depraved white men ; and past experience teaches that he
is employed to execute the most dishonest purposes, and with impunity to
the principal, becauso of his exclusion as a witness from the Courts of
justice. The shrewd and cunning continue to put tho negro forward in
the cornmission of crime, and they go unwhipped of justice, becauso thc
law forbids that the testimony of tho negro shall be heard. Does not tho
exclusion of persons of color make them invaluable accessories to tho per?
petration of crime ? How can society bc protected against that large class of
infamous crimes, now so provalont in thia State, unless by making tho negro
a competent witness, wo avail ourselves of all aeeessiblo ovidenco to con?
vict tho Offenders? And will tho law of tho State continue to offor a
^a reward to the dishonest to further tempt aud corrupt tho negro ? The
^ well-being of tho State materially depends upon tho elevation of this class
of oar population, and if there was no oilier argument in behalf of their
admissability to our Courts, tho tendency of BUCII a measuro to elevate
their moral and intellectual character would bo sullicient.
The dishonest may object to tho extension of this righi to all cases,
because it reduces the field for his nefarious operations, but if tho good
and virtuous are protected, society is amply compensated for tho change.
Men of probity and integrity hov? no reason to apprehend any evil con?
sequences from the change. The discrimination of intelligent Judges and
juries will bo a shield against unjust charges supported by falso swearing,
and. the same intelligence will bring the really guilty to condign punish?
ment. The great increase of crime among tho freedmen, and the in?
adequate punishment inflicted by existing tribunalt?, make it a high and
important duty devolved on you to so modify existing legislation as will
secure a transfer of jurisdiction to tho Statu Courts. If the suggestions I
have made do not moot tho approval of your judgment, I will cordially
oo-operate with you in attaining tho end in any way which your superior
wisdom may iudicato.
The prevalence of crime among tho wlntcs, as well an blacks, in overy
part of tho Stato, admonish us that the criminal code is defective, and
, that, the punishments imposed by it are inadequate to doter offenders,
a The penalties attaching to crime aro fino, imprisonment, whipping aud
death.' The death penalty is imposed on conviction for murder, arson,
|^ burglary and other crimes ; but tho repugnance of juries to ?onviet and
_ .?'? - & ? ...v.: ? - ?
impose that fearful penalty, except for murder and two or three other
enormous crimes against society, of ten enables the guilty to escape uuder
tho most trifling pretext ;.and even when persons are convicted iu such
-oases, the Verdict is usually accompanied by recommendation to executive
. There is ii o proper punishment, under the laws of this State, for high
misdemeanors and petty felonies. None of tho jails of the State aro con?
structed for work-houses,.and convicts sentenced to imprisonment speud
>their timo i? idleness. The expenso to tho State is very great, and, in our
impoverished condition, the people cannot well boar tho heavy taxation
necessary to support theso convicts ia idleness. There aro many convicts
who find themselves comfortably housed ^nd well-fed, amL who, exempt
from all labor, do not regard imprisonment as a punishment They are
?vicious, depraved non-producers; 'and.this effort to punish them is really a
punishment to tho honest tax-p?yerV whoso'labor, in part at least, is given
to support them in indolence. The number of convicts will hereafter be
greatly increased, and, if the.present system of punishments be continued,
tho appropriations to jailors, for dieting prisoners, will ba greater thin
tho expenditure for" either of tlie departments of tho Stato Government.
To remedy all theso evils,-1 respectfully ; ecommend that you provide for
tho establishment of a penitentiary, at Columbia, and appropriate not loss
than 320,000 to eroct a wall around tho penitentiary buddings, and to
make cells for convicts. Much of the labor, irx erecting tho necessary
buildings, can bo performed by the convicts themselves. If a favorable
site should be selected, convenient to ?ju?icient water power to drive all
bo machinery that may be requisite to carry OD manufactures in wood,
I cather, iron, yarns and cloth, the penitentiary may be mado nearly ii not
.juito self-supporting. Punishments may thea be imposed according to
tho enormity of the offence; juries will have no aversion to convicting tho
guilty, and convict?, while undergoing purgation for their crimes, will be
compelled to earn their clothing and subsistence.
The completion. of tho prison and tho introduction of tho requisite
machinery will, erf course, bo a work of timo; but, if proper economy is
practiced in budding and stocking it, the expenso will hardly bo felt ; ?ind,
in tho meantime, the convicts can be subsisted os cheaply RB in thc District
jails, whilst the labor of such as aro not required on the buildings, cnn be
devoted to the various manufactures of leather, wood and iron, yielding a
fund to tho State to meet tho expense of their .subsistence.
If you should determine to establish a penitentiary, it will be necessary
that the punishments now imposed by law bo so changed as to conform to
tho new prison system. Before passing from thc subject of the criminal
law, I desire to invite your attention to tho necessity for moro .stringent
legislation for tho suppression of vagrancy. The law should not. only
provide for the punishment of idlo and dissolute persons, who are perma?
nently domiciled, but should extend to transient persons wandering over
the State, abd who have no visible means of support; and tho duty of
enforcing the law should bo devolved, under stringent penalties, upon tho
Clerks, Sheriffs, Magistrates and Constables of the*several Districts.
/Since your adjournment in December last, tho Court of Errors in this
State have, with a single dissenting opinion, declared the Stay Law and all
amendments thereto unconstitutional. This decision lias produced rest?
iveness and dissatisfaction in many parts of the State. Public meetings
have been held in several Districts, and tho Legislature has been appealed
.to, to furnish some protectiou to the debtor class, who anticipate general
cueing in tho fall term of thc Courts.
After a careful examination of tho opinion of the ablo and learned
Chief Justice, as well as other authorities, I feel it my duty to say that 1
concur folly in the opinion of the Court, and believe that their exposition
of the constitutional question is unanswerable.
Tho peoplo of South Carolina have been proverbially law abiding; and
when anarchy reigned supreme, after the fall of tho Confederacy, lawless?
ness was universally discouraged by tho better classes in every community.
Now, when civil law is restored and we aro remitted to our owu laws and
Courts to protect frights and redress wrongs, surely no citizen of good
reputo will advise tumult and violence against the solemn judgment of the
highest judicial tribunal iu the State.
i In view of tho circumstances surrounding us-when it is remembered
"that the State has just emerged from a long and disastrous war, in which
not only her sons but her resources wero prodigally bestowed; that our
banks have all been destroyed; that moro than three hundred millions of
property have been annihilated; that all the fountains of credit and pro?
perty have been broken up; that our system of labor has bc? u thoroughly
disorganized; that tho refreshing aud revivifying showers have been with?
held from a parched and exhausted soil, and that waul, i: iud famine,
will keep ghastly vigils iu mansion and in hovel; when it is remembered
that nearly all of the merchants of the Stato have been able to Compro?
mise their indebtedness to Northern merchants on most liberal terms
surely, the creditor class will practice forbearance and give theil' debtors
still further indulgence. If compelled to enforce collections, they should,
in the same fair aud liberal spirit, make compromises with debtors, so ns
not to drivo them and their families from home, kindred and friends.
. The existing embarrassments growing out of the indebtedness ol" the
country will, like other evils, produce beneficial results. Debtors will
find it to their interest to make final adjustment ol' Iii cir debts, even
though they are compelled to surrender their properly. As lonp; as theil
debts remain, intel > st will be accumulating to culminate in more disas?
trous bankruptcy, lt' they surrender their properly, now, to creditors,
they emi resume their occupations and labor with cheerfulness-knowiuc
I that its proceeds will, sooner or later, rebuild their broken fortunes.
The debtor who desires to compromise with his creditors has tho mcam
of compelling tho veriest Shylock to accept fair terms, <>. exclnde him ii
I all share of his estate by assignment, giving liberal creditors the pref? r
encc, or by voluntary confession of judgment.
Believing that no Stay Law can be passed, embracing antecedent debts
that will not conflict with that clause of the Constitution of the Unite?
States which declares that " au State shall pass any law impairing tho obli
j g?tions of contracts," I respectfully recommend for your consid?r?t ici
for the relief of debtors :
1st. That imprisonment for debt, ou mensa and final process, i>
abolished, except in case of fraud ; and thou, os a punishment for th
crime rather than as a means of enforcing payment ?d' the debt.
iid. That no costs be taxed against a defendant, either for tho officers n
the Court or for the Attorney.
3d. That the Insolvent Debtor's Laws bo so extended as that any deb to
may, by petition, after duo notice, summon in all his creditors, and, upo:
assigning bis estate and effects for tln-ir benefit, bo discharged fr .?ni ai
further liability, not only to siloing, but to all other creditors. Being thu
relieved from tho incubus resting on him, the honest and entcrprisin
debtor will go to work with alacrity and prove himself a useful member t
he Congress of tho United States has authority, un ?1er thc Const itt:
tion, to pass uniform laws o? bankruptcy ; but there is no prohibitio
upon tho States, and as Congress has not exercised the authority delegate
to them, the States may, with great propriety,*pass such laws-and tho
will continue of force, until Congress adopts a ge neral bankrupt ai !
which wonld snpercede all State l?gislation on thc subject.
The General Bankrupt Act of 18-11, passed by the Congress of th
United States, extended its provisions to antecedent debts, and its const
tutionality was not controverted by the Courts. No Constitutional obstaeh
therefore, would preclude tho General Assembly from incorporating tl
same feature in their legislation.
It is proper here to remark, that if a Stay Law oouhl be passed wilie
could be freo from all constitutional objection, it would not pride?
debtors from suit in the Federal Courts. A creditor residing in tho Stal
who had determined to enforco tho payment of Iiis ?lebt, could readil
transfer it to a non-resident, and it the sum exceeded rive hundred ?billar
such non-resident could at onc"o institute suit in tho United States Cour
rec-iver judgment, issue execution and sell tho debtor's property, uotwit]
standing thc existence of a Stay Law, Such a law woo!! not bo rec oj
nized or enforced iu a Federal Court.
The completo disorganization of tho lalor of tho State in 1865, result?
?n the production of very short provision crops; amito supply tho il
ficiency, large quantities of breadstuffs have already been imported ini
tho State, at enormous cost. Tho imperfect organization of the system i
free labor, and tho unproeedente?l drought which lia3 prevailed durii
tho months of July aud August, throughout tho State, as well as nu III
usually short wheat crop, foreshadow a gloomy future for the peoplo fi
the noxt year. Coming as you do from every District, you have tl
moans of making an estimate, approximating accuracy, of tho extent i
the failuro of tho provision crop, and what amount ot supplies will 1
neeiled to save tho poor, dependent and helpless from starvation,
invite your earnest and prompt consideration of the subject.
Sound political economy ordinarily condemns tho feeding of i
population by the Government, as the inevitable consequences are to i
crease idleness, pauperism and crime. But where the provision crop of
whole country is destroyed by blight, or where production is suspend?
i by long continued drought, and the deficiency is traceable to these caus
rather than to the idleness of the population, humanity and sound poli,
alike justify tho Government in lending or giving its means to save t!
peoplo from starvation-to arrest that increase of crime, which wai
I always produsts, and to stay emigration to more favored localities. Tl
present population is insufficient to till the soil of the S'u>t<?, and to
develop its resources ; and s% ??j n high duty of the Government to remove,
?JS far as posible, ehe necessity f*or emigration beyond its borde "6% The
ci-tMavrassment of strjiplying food for the needy vriil bo greatly increased
after thc first of October, when tho Freedmen's Bureau will cease to issue
rations for the indigent and ?helph<s.T whites and freedmen, wbo have
been heretofore furnished wiih subsistence. Yod'xnay find it necessary
to increase thc powers, .duties and responsibilities oi tho Comm.'ssionersi
of tho Poorj and to organize "such bodies in all Districts of th-. State.
In most of the Districts, land and buildings have heretofore boen ac?
quired and erected for tho whites, but'1 they must bo enlarged, so as
to pro-vide accommodations for pauper, idiotic and helpless freedmen.
Thc failure of thc Boards of Commissioners of thc Poor to pix vide for
the helpless, is a great crime against humanity, and additional penalties
should bc imposed by law against such a 'neglect ?'r?*refusal to perform
properly this philanthropic duty.
The capitation tax imposed by yo?j at the last session of the T-'Cgisla.
turo, on freedmen, has not generally been collected. The Corr.>trot!er
Geueral, following a suggestion made by mo and approved by tho
Attorney-General, instructed tho Tax-Col lectors not to issue executions
against the freedmen, for the capitation tax, until the present session of
the Legislature. This was to avoid all conflict with tho military i uthori
tios, arising out of the fact that our courts were not used for the protection
of the freedmen, and no provision was made for the support of the infirm
and helpless. Whenever your legislation remits the custody of persons of
color to the State laws, these executions may be issued. Proper diligence
by the Sheriffs will enforce the satisfaction of most of those executions,
and the fund may then be appropriated exclusively to the suppor:- of tho
class from which it is derived.
If you should, in your wisdom, determine to make an appropriation to
buy subsistence for the indigent white and colored, the several Boards of
Commissioners of the Poor, would" be, perhaps, tho best agents for its
. To meet any appropriation made, there is no resource available, and the
funds can only be raised by issuing and selling Stato bonds. Tho credit
<>f tho State lids heretofore been untarnished, and a reasonable hope is
entertained that bonds issued for such a purpose will corhmaud nearly par,
in tho money markets of the United States or Europe.
As The present is a called session, and you may desire to return to your
homes at tho earliest day compatible with your public duties, I shall defer,
unt il tho regular session, bringing to j*our attention tl ? ganoral financial
condition ?if tho State, or making any recommendation for putting it on a
safe and satisfactory basis. Under the authority of your Act authorizing
tho issue of bills receivable, in payment of the indebtedness of the State,
the Treasurer had e ngraved and Tainted lulls to tho amount of ?390,000,
and lias paid out, to the'public officers and other creditors of the State,
only ?150,000. Most ol' the Tax-Collectors have made their returns, and
the legal tender United States notes paid into the Treasury, together with
tho bills receivable not yet issued, wall enable its operations to uo con?
ducted without embarra sment until your regular session. Of the bills
issued, there hm o already been redeemed, in payment of taxes, $72,000.
No appropriation was rando to delray tho expenses of engraving and
printing tho bills, but tho Treasurer, acting upon my recommendation,
advanced tho expenses incurred from proceeds of thc loan heretofore
authorized to be made. Tho amount paid by him was$?,436.12. J recom?
mend that an appropriation be made to cover this amount.
If the Treasurer had declined to make tho payment in advance of the
appropriation, the Act could not have been carried into execution, with?
out convening an extra session of the General Assembly.
At the lost session oj' the General Assembly, "full power and authority "
was given the Governor to make "such regulations as in his opinion
might bc necessary to prevent the entrance and spread of Asiatic cholera
in this S!:tte." In February last. I opened a correspondence with Major
Gcncral Sickles, with reference to the establishment of a rigid quarantine
at all thc seaports iu tho State, which resulted in ?lie military authorities
undertaking to establish and enforce proper quarantine regulations. I
a:u happy to say to you that thc duties, under orders from General Sickles,
have been well performed, and not a single ease of cholera or yellow fever
has occurred within the limits of the State.
The work of re-organization and reconstruction is progressing slowly,
but steadily. Our Senators and Representativos have not been admitted
to seats in thc Federal Congress, and wo have received no relaxation from
onerous taxation, notwithstanding we have been denied representation.
It is believed, however, that our fellow-citizens in the North and West
will no', much longer permit this flagrant injustice to be continued. The
State Government is entirely re-organized-tho law Courts held their
regular sessions iu tho spring, aud despatched much business, which has
been accumulating for years, and very generally cleared the criminal
dockets. Tho Courts of Chancery have also been regularly held on all
tin-circuits. The machinery of justice is in full operation, and private
.rights and public wrongs can be enforced and punished.
However much all may deplore that tho progress o? the State has been
retarded, and its prosperity paralyzed by loss of fortune and credit, and
by s'nut crops, the wise and manly course for oar people i; to redouble
their energy-banish unavailing regrets-moot adversity with a stout
I heart and brave hands, and through thc approving smiles of g.acious
ilea .en, our venerable mother will again be prosperous, and her children
! contented and happy.
JAMES L. ORB.
j KxEcr?ivi? Dsr.vAT.ucxT, September 5, IStk?.
1,300 PAIRS SHOES AM) BOOTS!
^ COMPRISING :i complete assort
riment, of cloirabbi styles, at lo?'
Carices. For sale by "
;eotf> FISHER A- LOWRANCE.
COX.XTLXBIA, S. C.,
VUE tho ;u;ents for SALEM JEANS ami
WOOLEN GOODS, and would c.ill the
attention of dealers to a good supply of
those d< eirable goods. Sept tl
\\ TAINT'S, assorted colore.
Tann* ra' und Machino i ul.
AIHI goods dailv arriving and offered low Ly
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
! J ?toy.
j EXAM it CLOTHS,
I DRA ll"', KXTVES,
MALKA BIS CASTING
I In 'short, a compl< to stock
WARE and GROCERIES, to which wc iu
j vite tho attention of cash buyers.
Sept 6 FISHER 4 LOWRANCE.
Furniture, Jfatx, Shoes, I>ry Goods
Flour, tte., tic.
By A. R. PHILLIPS,
THIS (Thursday) MORNING at 10 o'clock,
I will sell, at the new brick store, Wash?
ington street, opposite Law . Ungo.
Sundry articles of FURNITI HE, consist
in er of :
Mahogany and Manic burear. -.
Walnut Cribs and Cradles.
Washstand, Lining and Card Tables.
('andie ?Stand, Sewing Table,
('ano and Wood-seat Chairs, ?iounges.
.io yards Cococ Matting, Indi:. Matting,
X large ;>-ply Carpet.
Hemp Carpeting, .vc.
black and Whit o Felt Hats, Hhoes.
An invoice of Dry Ooods, con.?stirifc of :
Shirting, Linen ?hut Bosoms.
(-oat and Vest Duttons, Umbrellas.
Parasols, Balmorals, Pearl Shirt Buttons.
Shears and Scissor:?.
Toilet Soups, Ac.
Lot Ca* Fixtures.
Ll.ls. slightly damaged Flour.
5 Spinning Wheels, _ bkls. Vinegar.
Dozen Fainted Bude ts. ?Ve.
N. B.-Unlimited articles received up to
hour of .sale. Sept B 1
W. T. WALTER
WILL bell at his 'uart, TO-MORROW,
(FridayJ 7:h inst., at 10 o'clock a. m.,
13 cast's Whiskey, IO bbl9. Fl mr, 2 case?
Wines, Syrups, Cider, Tobac -o, Ladies'
Hot.?-, Scat t's. Hals, Luttons, Towelling,
Mullins, Perfumery, S <ps. Mon's Half
Ilese Vests, Pants. A1F>-.., Bedstead, Crib,
Ac. Kl'P; r>
Spades, Shovels and Mapire Forky.
- r\ DOZ. AMES' SPALL.? and ST?O
25 doz. Rowland's ami Thomas' Spades
25 doz. Manure Forks, assorted qualities.
Just received and for sale low by
?Sept 6 ? _:T. A T. K. AGNEW.
Paints, Oils, vViL?ow GU ss, &c.
FOUR THOUSAND lbs. pure WHITE
?0(i galleos li iw .ov Boiled Linseed Oil.
100 gallons Spirits Turpentine.
\\ itu a full assortment of Dry and Ground
Paints, consisting in part of Cur?me
Green, Paris Green, Chrome Yellow, Drop
black. Lampblack, Litharge, Vi uetlanBeo,
Spanish Brown, Yellow Ochre, Umber,
Sienna, Vandyke Biuwn, Prussian blue,
Vermillioa, Black Lead, Pumice Stone, Pa?
tent Dyes, he.
A fnll assortment <>f Carria/e. and Furni?
ture Varnishe .Japan Window Glass, Paint
brushes, Ac. For sale low bv
Sept 6 J. * T. R. AGNEW.