Daily Paper $8 a Year
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.'
Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2. 1866.
VOLUME II-NO. 16^
I'IUU.ISIIUD DAILY AM) TKI-WEEKLY.
EVEKY WEDNESDAV Mol'.MN?;.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
STATE AND CITY PllINTEPt.
TERMS -?N A 1) VA NC E.
Daily Paper, six months.?| Ol)
Tri-Wceklv, " " . 2 50
Weekly, " " " .1 50
Inserted at 75 couta per square for the first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 7"> cents each insertion.
fiif .1 iihi rill lUscouut nindi' un the abo OH
raten ichen advertisements orr inserted tnj
Vie riwulh or year.
HiT Special notices 10 cents a line.
S. P. Einard, Newberry.
Samuel Drouthitt, Greenville G. H.
Wm. Moore, Abbeville C. li.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. II.
Tlic Future of Southern Labor.
We take tho following from an ar?
ticle in tho Nov,- Orleans Picayune:
Wecannot fail to see that all other
people, situated ns we are, have failed
to receive prompt aid to their indus?
try, either from emancipated slaves
or from immediate immigration of
laborers from other regions. Thc
West India Islands afford ample illus?
tration of this. It is true, that in the
Tsland of JBarbadoes, the negro works
hird and well;but t?tere he is encom?
passed by water, and the population
is dense. Thc better oil" of Iiis own
class, as well as the white man, in?
sists upon his supporting himself by
his labor or means, and this he must
do, or compulsion is used to induce
it, a rule which is applied to black
ami white alike; but here, in this
open country, and with institutions
so excessively free as ours, this is im?
This we say irrespective of civil
rights acts and constitutional enact?
ments intended to dignify and pro?
tect laziness. All the orders of Banks
and Entier, which were infinitely
more severe than the labor laws en?
acted by Southern legislatures since
the war, could not get steady, uni?
form and saving work ont of the ne?
gro, nor can any reliance be placed
on his contracts for future labor. As
it has been found in Jamaica, Trini?
dad, British Guiana and elsewhere,
year by year the old habit of work
will wear away from the older ones,
and the younger will never acquire
it, unless a new system of employ?
ment bc devised. It is of this we
wish to speak now.
The whole system of labor in the
past has been one of life, or, at least,
yearly employ of the laborer. We
have never planted our corn and cot?
ton as the Western and Northern
farmer his corn and wheat, by labor?
ers employed from month to mouth,
week to week, or by the day. We
have never thought it practicable so
to do. Yet their crops, including ?tn
infinitude of things which we hardly
think of, require, to the space culti?
vated, at least as much labor as does
ours, and they get along exceedingly
well, though (here are more proprie?
tors of the soil in proportion to our
population with them than with us.
The objection made to this course
among us is, that large plantations
cannot be thus cultivated; yet there
are farms in the West of over 20,000
acres in actual cultivation and tillage,
where labor-saving machinery sup?
plies additional arms to two hundred
men, who, from time to time, are
there employed, "let, if it should
prove true that large plantations
could not be so cultivated, can the
labor be otherwise secured lo culti?
vate them? Much ila; better plan
would seem to be lo plant less land
at less risk of entire failure or great
pecuniary loss, ?ind thus be secure of
some gain, if it be not of fortune.
Thc chief end to be secured by
short terms o ' labor is, that tins
course will tend to make the laborer
more honest in work. If he does
not do the work he is hired to do, lie
will be discharged and another hired
in his stead. He will como upon the
land, not as a tenant, with au idea
^ that it is his home, whether he work
or not, but with the knowledge, that
he must work or leave. Paid for his
labor by the day, week or month, tis
he may be employed, his term ended,
lui must go elsewhere, unless he give
satisfaction. He has himself the same
right to leave, if not pleased, and no
auden, unwilling labor, diversified,
perhaps, by chopping off the crop,
or stealing it from the ground, will
vender Iiis prolonged stay an injury
rather than a benefit.
The truth is, the effort to adapt
free labor to tho old plantation sys?
tem makes tho employer tho slave of
tho employee, and the longer the
former regards it as a necessity, the
more dependent he becomes. But if
we so diminish our farms, or rather
so subdivide and thus increase them,
that there are on tho land more intel
ligent raen, able t<> use improved im?
plement?, in proportion lo the breadth
in cultivation, than now, and if wo
thus do away Largely with the present
demand for agricultural labor, yoi
keep up its product, we shall soon be
abb? to increase our plantations in
size, and labor will seek them, instead
of thc: plantation, as now, seeking
SWEET OPOPONAX FUOM MEXICO! New,
very rare, rich and fashionable perfume.
The finest ever imported or manufactured
in the United States. Try it and be con?
A NEW PERFUME! Called Sweet Opoponax
from Mexico, manufactured by E.T. Smith
& Co., New York, is making a sensation
wherever it is known, ls very delicate,
and its fragrance remains on the handker?
chief for davs.
[Philadelphia Beening Bulletin.
SWEET OPOPONAX! New Perfume from
Mexico. The onlv fashionable Perfume
and ladies' delight.
SWEET OPOPONAX! The onlv elegant Per?
fume. Is found on all toilets, and never
stains tho handkerchief.
SWEET OPOPOXAX! ls the swee test Ex
tract ever made. Supersedes all others,
i Try it once; will use no other.
SWEET OPOPONAX! Ladies, in tin irmorn
I ing calls, carry joy and gladness, when
perfumed with Sweet Opoponax.
31A tl Ri.Viii'-. AM) CELIBACY-An
Essay of "Warning and Instruction for
Young Men. Also, Diseases and Abuses
which prostrate the vital powers, with sure
means of relief. Sent free of charge in
sealed letter envelopes. Address Dr. J.
SKILL!N HOUGHTON, Howard Associa?
tion, Philadelphia, Pa. Aug 15 3mo
COLGATE'S HONKY SOAP.
This celebrated Toile?. Soap, in sued:
universal demand, is made from the
choicest materials, i-> mil?! and emol?
lient in ii> naturi-, fragrantly scented,
and extremely beneficial ?a its action
upon the skin. Por sale by ail Druggists
and Fancy doods Dealers. March '2s Iv
To TUE J >EBILITATED AND THE 1 ?ECREPID.
For general debility and exhaustion of Hu
powers of na!ure, win thor occasioned by
sickness, fast living, constitutional decay,
old age, cr any other physical or menta]
cause, the ono thing needful and indispen?
sable is HOSTETTEI'.'S CELEBRATE? STOMACH
BITTEUS. When the tire of life seems to ht
absolutely ?lying ?mt in the system, and the
mind, sympathizing with the body, is re?
duced almost to a state of imbecility, this
mighty restorative seems, as it . were, te
lift the sufferer out nf thc slough ?d' de
spond, and recruit and reinvigorate bot!
thc frame and the intelh ct. An tdd farine:
in the Valley of thc Monongahela write;
thus to Dr. Host tti r; "I can compare th?
operation of your Bitters upon meto no
thing but thc effect of a rain after a bm;
dry spell in the fall ?d' the year. The rah
failing ou th?; meadows starts the secon?
crop id' grass, and your wholesome modi
cine seems to have started a sec mil ero;
of life and spirits in me." And this i
truly tho effect of fuis grateful and power
lill preparation. Ladies of weak constitn
tion, or whose strength has been impair?
by sickness or age, find it a most effica
ciotis and delightful tonic, and it is admi
lustered with great.-uccess in marasmus o
wasting of thc llesh, to young children. J
fact, it is a much safer and surer cordia
for the nursery than anything advertise
specially for that purpose. Oct ? f(>
A NEW AND GRAND EPOCH IN MEDICINE.
Dr. Muggiel is the founder of a new med
cal system! Thc quantitarians, whose vas
internal ?loses enfeeble tho stomach an
paralyze the bowels, must give precedent'
to thc man who restores health and app<
tito, wi,!: from one to two of ins extraord
nary Pills, and cures the most viraler
sores with a box or so of his wonderful an
all-healing Salve. These two great spec
lies of the 1 ioctl.;-a. e fast superseding a
the stereotyped nostril.ns of tho day. E:
traordinary cures by Maggicl's Pills an
Salve l.c.ve opened t bo eyes of tho public t
tho im fimioncy ?d' thc (so-called).remedie
of others, and upon which people haves
long blindly depended. Maggicl's Pills ai
not of thc class that aro swallowed by tl
dozen, and ?d' which every box full take
creates an absolute necessity for apothc
One or two of Maggicl's Pills suffices t
place tho bowels in perfect order, tone tl
stomach, ?-reate an appetite and render tl
spirits light and buoyant. There is r
griping and no reaction in thc form of c??
stipation. If tho liver is affected, its fun
tious are restored; and if the nervous sy
tem is feeble, it is invigorated. This la
quality makes thc medicines very desirab
for the wants of delicate females. Ulcero;
and eruptive diseases an; literally exti
guished by th?' disinfectant power of Ma
gild'? Salve. In fact, it is herc announce
that MaggieVs Bilious, Dyspeptic and Dia
rhlta Pills cure where all others fail. Whi
for burns, scalds, chilblains, cuts timi s
j abrasions <>f tho skin MaggieVs Salve is i
fallible. Sold by J. Maggicl, 11 Pine ?trec
New York, and all druggists, at '23 cen
per box. July 2?1 ly
GOLDEN SLGAR-I?OLSE SYRUP
STEAM REFINED SUGAR LOAF S
RUP-an e xtra article.
I Oct 5 JOHN C. SEEGERS A CO.
Ey the Commissioners Appointed by
the Legislature of South Carolina
to Sell the State Works.
Materials, Tools, &c,
AT public auction, at tho Stale Military
Works, Greenville, S. C., beginning on
WEDNESDAY, 17th October, 18GG, consist?
.J Steam Engines-ono 25 anil one -10
Engine Lathes, Milling Machines, Vises.
Hand Lathes, Wood Turning Lathes.
Drilling Machines, Punching Machines.
Trip Hammers and Forges, Steam Ham?
Smiths' Tongs, Smiths'Hammers, Shaft?
Screw Cutting Machines.
Wire Drawing Machines.
Bellows, Machine Blowers, Portable
All descriptions of Gun Machinery.
Wood ami Iron Planing Machines.
Leather Belting, Lubber Belting.
Flasks, Patterns, Pouches, Wrenches,
Several hundred gross Iron and Brass
300 doz. l iles and Hasps.
2,500 lbs. Cast and Spring Sled.
1 1,000 lbs. Swedes and American Iron.
500 cords Pine Wood, Coke.
Brass and Iron Trimmings and Filings.
50 pair Window Sashes.
Corn Mills, Hand Screws, Wagon Wheels.
Planes, Augers, Braces and Bits.
Stoves and Pines, Fire Brick.
And numberless other articles.
All these are in large numbers and quan?
tities, and constitute a stock of Machinery,
&c, such as is seldom offered.
A catalogue, of sixteen pages, has been
printed, containing a general description
of the Stock, which may be had on appli?
cation by mail to the Secretary.
era" Terms cash, or a not!- at sixty days,
with approved security, bearing interest,
at option of the purchaser.
For further information, apply to
C. J. ELFORD,
Sec'v to Commissioners state Works,
Sept 7 f<"> Greenville, s. C.
South Carolina Railroads.
The several Railroad Companies in this
State, and all persons who have com?
plaints lo make of excessive or unequal
charges, or violations of their charters by
?aid roads, will take notice that the fol
1 lowing joint resolution of the General
Assembly was adopted at the last regular
Resolved, That a Special Commission,
consisting of two members of the Senate,
and one from each Congressional District
in the House, be appointed to investigate
and report to this General Assembly, at its
next, regular session, the complaints made
of excessive and unequal charges by thc
different Railroad Companies of this State,
and to inquire if, and in what manner,
they have violated their respective char?
ters. That the said Commission have
pou er to summon such witnesses, and to
require the production of such books anil
papers as may be necessary, and also to
inquire and report what charters are sub?
ject to amendment; and in those cases
where amendments are practicable, what
changes should be made to protect the
interest of the public.
The Commission appointed under the
foregoing resolution, hereby call upon all
persons having knowledge of material
facts relating to the matters embraced in
said resolution, to forward statements
duly authenticated to tho several mem?
bers of tho Commission aa hereinafter
Complaints and charges relating to thc
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, th<
Blue Ridge Railroad, the Laurens Rail?
road, the Spartanburg and Union Railroad,
may bo forwarded to G. F. Townes, al
Greenville C. H., or to W. S. Grisham, al
Charges and complaints relating to thc
Sou th Carolina Railroad, may bo forwarded
to M. C. Butler, Edgefield C. H., or R. S.
Duryea, at Charleston.
Those relating to thc Charlotte am'
South Carolina Railroad, ami the King'i
Mountain Railroad, may be sent t<> B. W
Ball, at Laurens C. H.
Those relating to tho Wilmington am'
Manchester Railroad, and tho Cheraw am
Darlington Railroad, may be sent to Harri;
Covington, at Bennettsville.
Those relating to tho North-eastcri
Railroad, and Charleston and Savannal
Railroad, to R. S. Duryea, at Charleston.
The Commission will meet at Columbia
(at Nickerson's Hotel,) on FRIDAY, tin
23d day of November next, at 10 o'clocl
I a. m., to make up their report; at whicl
time any persons interested may appca
beforo them, and furnish such informatioi
as may be considered necessary, relative t<
thc matters under consideration.
G. F. TOWNES,
Chairman Senate Committee.
M. C. BUTLER,
Chairman House Committee.
Sept 22 fwlO
C. ]>. MELTON. R. W. S II AND. S. W. MELTON
MELTON & SHAND,
Attorneys at Law arni Solicitors in Eqiiih
UNIONVILLE, S. C.
OFFICE (for the present) in tho base
ment of the Court House.
Aug 24 _ 3mo
Old Newspapers for Sale,
BY the hundred or thousand, at
March 2 PHOENIX OFFICE.
Newly Furnished and Refitted !
Unsurpassed by any HoM South !
WILL BE RE-OPENED TO TUE
I'lli I AC, OCTOBERS, 18GG.
T. S. NICKERSON, Proprietor,
Late of Mills House, Charleston, and Pro?
prietor of Nickcrson's Hotel, Columbia,
S. C. Oct 9 12
OUR FRIENDS AND PATRONS
ARK respectfully informed that Mr.
DAVID JONES has an interest in our
business from the 1st of October instant.
Mr. Jones has been long known in the dry
goods trade of Columbia.
Oct 10 5 SH IVE li A BECKHAM.
SOLD to tho TRADE CHEAPER than
any other Match of thc kind in market.
Sept 5 2mn CALNAN .V KREUDER.
New Goods !
FRENCH AM) ENGM BROADCLOTHS
11HE subscribers have just rec
. will open TH IS MORNING,
voices, comprising a neat assi
CLOTHING, ENGLISH and
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, Ac
first importation tn Hus city for th
Our READY-MADE GOODS are princi?
pally from our own manufactory, ami aro
made up in the latest styles.
Our .-tock of materials for manufacturing
embraces every style, and will be made tip
to order at the shortest notice. Our cus?
tomers in thc country are invited to call or
semi their orders, when they will bc
promptly attended, to.
We will also open shortly, a line assort?
ment of HATS, of thc various styles in tho
We invite tho attention of our visiting
friends in the city to these late arrivals,
feeling assured that we will bc able to give
satisfaction to all who desire to supply
R. & 1.
GENERAL STOCK OF
Til!', subscriber offers for sale, at
^rtAaml BELOW COST, his entire stock
Z?Pps^ of HARDWARE, without reserve,
? T ^consisting in part of the following
Ames' Long and Short Handle Shovels.
" " " 4i " Spades.
" :* " " Manure
25 doz. genuine Collins' Axes.
100 kegs Pat ker Mill Nails.
Ttddo and Pocket Cutlery.
Door Loc'is-a general assortment.
Screws, Chisels and Augers.
Mill and Hand Files.
Hatchets, Hammers and broad Axes.
butt and Strap Hinges.
Trace Chains and Axle Orease.
Hollow-ware of all st vies, Ac.
A. L. SOLOMON,
Second door from Shiver House,
Sept 6 Cmo ' On Plain street.
C1HKONICLES OE Till', SCHONBKKG
J COTTA FAMILY, and the following, all
by the same author:
Diary id* Kitty Treoylyan.
The Early Dawn.
Martyrs of Spain.
Wanderings over bible Lands.
Cripple of Antioch.
Tales and Sketches.
And a largo variety of new and popular
books on hand. *?" Orders from the coun?
try will rocoivo prompt attention. Address
Oct 3 TOWNSEND A NORTH.
HAVING resumed the
abovo business, I am pre
_ pared to execute all kinds
of work in tho abovo lino at the shortest
notice and most reasonable prices.
A variety of COFPINS constantly on
hand. Funerals promptly attended. *
M. IL BERRY,
At Brennan A Carroll's Carriage Factory.
THE undersigned now announce to their
former patrons, and the public in gene?
ral, that they have resumed their old busi?
ness of DRESS-MAKING. Thankful for
past favors, they hope by strict attention
to receive the patronago of tho former and
the public. They wiU bo found at tho old
stand, Marion street, between Plain and
Camden streets. C. MAY,
Oct 7 6* PATSEY MOTT.
" '" ; Pif. --WlB-'P ? fi la^?SB ? B B H
* H'? 3 5 T? 'S V 8 5 ? "Rn 3 3 j Tj ?r ' '
? IM ml e? ? &? s ^ i y ik - ? ?
UOUACE L. EMERY. V^s^^^rdMgBBBBaa^ " ]?. i ? ?IIBEUT E
HORACE L. EMERY & SOX.
PROPRIETORS A iVD MA .VA G ERS,
Hamilton Street, Corner o?' Union and Liberty Streets, Albany. N. Y.
NAME AND TRADE MARK.
2Sr OTK ?
T H 33
? V B L I ?
AS other parties arc advertising themselves as having pureba* cd l he !;:>>',
business of the Emery Agricultural Works, increased their facilities, nm
tinning tho business, the effect of which, ?4' ti"! thc i ti tc: il inn. is tn divert the :
and business from the well know n and long established EMERY'S \ !>i'. \ NY \
TURAL WORKS of this city, tho proprietors of these Works, in st.-lf-defon.
inform their patrons thal they still live, beg a careful pi rusa! "i thc followin
The above celebrated Works were originated and. erected during tho yetis
and'Kv, bj* the present senior proprietor, who has (with short interruptions)
st ant ly connected with them as the principal manager, aud sinvo I Sift, in <:
with his junior brothers, under the style of Emery brothers.
During che summer of 1862, he attended the World's Fair at Lund "i. n i:
his leading inventions, and remained abroad nearly two years, engaged iu sr
establishing their manufacture.
in thc meantime, owing to embarrassments and losses, the firm of Emery
consisting of Wm. R. and G. W. Emery, made an assignment, and these en
and business were sold, and purchased by other parties, and tho said firm
exist from November 1, lSi>2. leaving the brothers. Wm. R. and G. W., hop? I .
On iiis return from England, i:i thu early par! of IS.'.!, the present senior
negotiated for and re-purchased the entire interest, real and personal, in an
works and business, including its entire accumul?t inn of patterns, working
and its business, and continued the same, with the aid of Wm. B. and G.
vember 1. 1801. when he assumed its entire management ott iii.i ow n aceottn
and G. W., fora very valuable cash consideration, preferring to relinquish
pated interests and retire therefrom, and with thc intention with thos?; fun
promising with their creditors.
He has since associated with him bis eldest son, HORACE HERBERT EMi
tho stylo and name at the head of this notice, and continues thc business,
branches, ac thc old stand than which no more complete establishment >
exists in thc country.
They have largely increased their facilities, made many new and valuabli
and improvements to their already largo assortment of machines, which
riencc and observation, at home and abroad, have suggested as desirable.
The senior member of the iirm is the pioneer of this business here, and i.
the designer, protector and patentee >.i' all the h ading and suce-- fu! mach
have given the wide celebritv * i tlu-su works: among which are thi-KMEI
POWERS, COTTON GINS and CONDENSERS, Threshing Machines. Sa'
Corn Shellers, Churning Machistes, Cotton Openers, Ac. all of which litev
tho public on the most liberal terms, and a continuance of their patronage
In the articles of Cotton Gins and Condensers, they aro the *.// ?j larlies ni
ing them with the improvements which have given these Gins the pr? codent
world-wide reputation, notwithstanding other parties arc now representing
have purchased tho Emery Agricultural Works and are making these ctdel
chines-as a glance at tb.- facts and their machines wi il satisfy the mo?
The property which was purchased by said other parties, and called tho E
cultural Works, consisted of a recent collection of machines, tools, pattei
Mr. Farr, with the services of Wm. li. and c. W. Emery, and located in tin
Hath, in an adjoining County, and in value about ?.>,00(>to >"7.OOH; the two E
ing employment with the now organization.
We agaiu solicit the attention of the agricultural public ami trade. :... 1 ..?
i that nothing will be spared to maintain thc well-earned reputation of oar \..
I wo oller on the most l?" ?-.tl terms to ianuers, planters and dealers. < i:
j price lists sent gratis on applicat ion.
au 1 ti
' ii >!;.
* ?S*rt ? V ?t y& * J* "taP 353* v?W -^fesM? 'W ft fi
General Insurance Agents, Stock and Exchange Brokers,
CO?j?JMEilil, JS- O
T>EPEESENT, among others, the followingwell-kn
A\ QUEEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY orLiverpu
?zed capital ?2,000,000, or nearly.
UNDERWRITERS' AGENCY, New York capital and ;
INTERNATIONAL, N< w York capital and assets neat
SECURITY, New York-capital and assets.
HOME, New Haven-capital and assets.
MANHATTAN. New York capita! and ass. ts.
NORTH AMERICAN, New York capital ami assets..
SOME, Savannah. Ca. capital and assets.
SOUTHERN INSURANCE AND TRUST, Savannah
Risks taken on BUILDINGS, MERCHANDIZE, COT
tions-Household Furniture, Rents, Leases, Mortgage;
nerty liable to loss or damage by fire, on the LOWES'!
aldo'in gold or enrrenev, and ho s, s promptly paid.
.ETNA LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, Hartford ca
S COM PAN I
This liberal and gem rous company presents gn at induce
life is uncertain, and who desire to make a CURTAIN provis
who otherwise might sillier wht n they aro gone.
SELL EXCHANGE ON NEW YORK, in .-urns to suit, at
Internal Revenue stamps, of all denominations, for sale.
Office, for the pre... ut, corner of Washington and As
yETNA LIFE INSURANCE
( '< ).
Assets, June, 18CC."."'? "
Income for year ending .lune, 18GC, over. . ... ........ 2.S00,(MM)
IOi?-' POLICIES issued in June, 1SGG. DIVIDENDS declared and paid annually
-OOO Fiftv per cent, dividend declared J^^yU?
5 TEN PAYMENT LIFE AND ALL ENDOWMENT POLICIES.
Y O S -FO J l F PITA B L E.
$20,000 will be insured a single Life, where the physical conditio ii is unexceptionable
THIS IS THE ONLY NORTHERN COMPANY THAT RENEWED ITS
SOUTHERN POLICIES AFTER THE WAR.
The only certain provision for your family is a policy of LIFE INSURANCE.
Do not delay to place those near and dear above ^T*TjF<^<>i ?".ceidenl ur
chance. Call?n , A =\WI< no}'? *
.Tnlv ?2 :?mo Corner of Assembly and \\ aslungton stn t ts. Cohimbm, S. ( .
At the sign of the Golden Pad-Lock.
AFULL assortment of Table and Pocket
CUTLERY, SCISSOPS, ..S.e., in .steve
and for wale low by JuHN C. DIAL.
i Double Cooled Extra FAMILY FLOUR.
Sept 10 JOHN C. SEEGERS A CO.
HADING opened my ollie
permanently in Columbia, 1
may l>o found at all hours >:i
the residence of Mr. M. Ii.
"ry, (opposite thc Catholic Church,} a
Assembly street. I). P. GREGG.
ALMOST equal to Hams.
Ang 30 JOHN C. SEEGERS A i IO.
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