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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, October 13, 1866, Image 2

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COLUMBIA.
Saturday Morning, October 13,1866.
Mercantile Exiiionugt.
Many of our readers will remember
that, before the war, a system of es?
pionage was established in the city of
New York, under tho name of mer?
cantile agencies. The principal altair
of this kind was quite extensive in
its operations, and, under the ma?
nagement of li. Douglas & Co., had
its agents in every city, town and vil?
lage in the United States, who regu?
larly reported to the office of the
head-centre, in New York, the stand- ?
ing and condition of every business
man in their respective "districts."'
We suppose that, during the war,
this espionage business was suspend?
ed; but we had evidence, the other
day, that it bad been renewed, and
was now in operation. A gentleman,
of this city, exhibited to us a formi?
dable document, sent to bim by mail.
This paper bad printed heads ?it the
top of perhaps a dozen columns or
more, for the various points in the
life, character and condition of the
names that ru'ght be entered on the
first column. This document bad
tho written names, profession, busi?
ness and occupation of almost every !
man engaged in any kind of business
or employment in the city of Colnm- j
bia. The blank columns opposite |
each name were to be filled up cor- j
rectly and returned. We do not re- j
member all the heads, out there was j
capital, amount invested in business, ?
general character, habits, &c, ?ice.
Now, the question is, how did the |
"Agency" find out the names sent to ;
the gentleman whom we suppose the
managers desired to act as agent for ?
them in this city? From the com?
pleteness and general correctness of !
the list, we can come to no other j
conclusion than that the information ;
came from Columbia.
It is proper that distant merchants,
who sell to retail buyers scattered
throughout the whole conntry, should
be protected from impostors and
buyers under false pretenses; but is
there no fair and legitimate way of
obtaining such information as they
may desire? Must they resort to an
insidious espionage, having its mi?
nions prying into every man's busi?
ness, and, by adroitness, worm out
from the unsuspecting young mer?
chant or other businessman the con?
dition of his private affairs? We re?
member at one time before the war,
tho scheme was received with univer?
sal indignation in this community;
but we believe the agent here-if
there was one-was never discovered.
The system of paid spies is repug?
nant to e^rery honorable business
man, and must receive universal
condemnation. A paid informer, in
all countries, is held in detestation;
and justly so, for the man who pries
?uto tho habits, modes of life, losses
or misfortunes of his neighbors, and
perhaps of his personal friends, for
the purpose of injuring that business
credit which he may have, and which
is almost necessary in carrying on
commercial or manufacturing enter?
prises, and does this Merell;/, un?
known to his victims, is engaged in
au unworthy business, and ought not
to be recognized in society. We do
not speak now of proper information,
fairly, openly and honestly sought
and given, but of that unscrupulous
mode of obtaining, by hook or by
crook, the pecuniary condition of
business men, and furnishing it, for
puil, to employers whom they never
saw, and who, in turn, retail the
same information to thc. business men
of New York. Philadelphia and other
cities, for largely increased pay.
This system is one that should be
branded with infamy. If the com?
mercial interests of the North, or
elsewhere, require protection from
dishonesty and false pretenses, and
some system is needed to secure that
protection, it. can never be legiti?
mately secured in this way. Unscru?
pulous and bad men, in some cases,
must become agents, and thus the
character and business of every man
is at the mercy of such individuals.
And the employers, at headquarters,
are themselves liable to be cheated by
the reports of such unworthy charac?
ters. Men engaged in such business,
we opine, -would not scruple to add
to their regular income by being paid
for silence or false representations.
Of course, the gentleman receiving
the list referred to, of the merchants
and others of this city, has nothing
to do with it, and we do not think
any man in Columbia would conde
scend to be a "Paul Pry" of this cha?
racter. Besides, iu this city, broken
up as all its merchants were, such
espionage.is totally unnecessary, for
we venture to say that no man has
received credit iu Northern markets,
unless his condition, character and
standing were well known to his cre?
ditors there. It is well, however, for
all to remember that such a system as
we have called attention to is evi?
dently sought to be put in operation.
TUE DISTRICT COURTS.-The Lan?
caster Ledger, speaking of the District
Couriis, bas a small idea of their
utility. When the subject was first
mooted, these Courts were designed
more especially for the litigation of
cases in which freedmen were in?
volved, but the recent Act of the
Legislature, declaring the rights of
freedmen, rendered unnecessary the
machinery of new courts, orgauized
with new Judges, at au expenso, if
not to the State, at least to a large
number of citizens. The Ledger says:
"It is our belief that these District
Courts will prove to be the greatest
folly of which the Legislature of
South Carolina has ever been guilty.
We propose to show, in some future
issue of this paper, that they are use?
less appendages to the judiciary of
the State; that the Superior Courts
are ample for the discharge of all the
business of which the District Courts
will have jurisdiction; that the latter
are created at an expense which the
impoverished condition of the State
and people can illy afford; that their
tendency will be to multiply litiga?
tion, lower the judicial ermine of the
Commonwealth, and will be of no
real advantage to anybody, except,
possibly, the lawyers and its own
Officers."
THE HERALD ON BUTLER - -The
New York Herald, of Tuesday, con?
cludes a severe article on Bethel
Fisher Butler as follows:
"The best thing his Boston friends
can do for him now is to provide a
comfortable and congenial home for
him in some lunatic asylum in Mas?
sachusetts. He is doing immense
damage to the radical cause while he
is permitted to go at large. A whole?
some restraint, therefore, might be
good, both for himself and his co
laborers. Have not the solid men of ;
Boston sense enough to know how to j
take care of ranting, raving Ben.
Butler?"
MK. DAVIS' CASE.-A special de?
spatch to the Baltimore Sun, of
Wednesday, says:
"The Cabinet meeting to-day was
protracted, and it is reported that
the disposition of Jefferson Davis
was considered. The matter was
brought up in consequence of a let?
ter addressed by United States Dis?
trict Attorney Chandler to Attorney
General Stanbery. Tho President
also addressed certain interrogatories
to the Attorney-General a few days
ago, and the reply of the latter was
submitted to the Cabinet this after?
noon. The whole matter will be
made public this week."
CORPORAL PUNISHMENT.-We find
the following in the Charlotte Times,
of Friday:
"Yesterday, three prisoners, con?
victed of larceny, were whipped-one
white man and two negroes."
We thought that the edict of Gen.
Sickles prohibited this modo of pun?
ishment. We have not yet got
straight, somehow.
Holden, the notorious, is striving
to induct; North Carolina to accept
the constitutional amendment. He
writes to the Raleigh Standard:
We saw and heard enough at Wash?
ington to convince us that if the
Howard amendment should not be
accepted by the Southern States, re?
organization would follow, with negro
suffrage, confiscation of property,
and many other evils. We wish the
South to take this amendment to
avoid further and greater evils.
A complete amnesty lins been ac?
corded by Italy to all political prison?
ers.-Cable News.
Which shows that Victor Ema?
nuel does not understand the science
of government. Such liberality,
however, may do for "despotic
monarchs and tin ir enslaved sub?
jects." Republicans know better.
A GOOD HIT.-The Boston Post
lets off the following capital hit at
the Philadelphia Bulletin, one of the
leading radical papers of that city.
The Philadelphia Bulletin says the
President has an extraordinary faculty
of putting saddles upon wrong horses.
This will not intefero with the Bulle
flin's back as long as he doesn't saddle
jackasses.
In the Eastern express office in
Portland, Me., the head accidentally
falling ont r ' >f three barrels of
peas sent ?x . ell, Mass., marked
free, for the destitute of the sufferers
by the late fire, a note also fell out,
saying to the consignee, "Sell for the
most you can get, and forward the
proceeds."
I Thc Impeachment*-Ucncrulii Butler
and Sti'i'dinan on tile Subject.
An item in tbe Phoenix, of yester?
day, announced that Butler, at Cin?
cinnati, had read a regularly drawn
J up form of impeachment of Presi?
dent Johnson. In a report of his
remarks on the occasion refereed to,
we find no "regularly drawn up
j form," but the subjoined is the pro?
gramme for such a proceeding which
he furnished for the enlightenment of
i his hearers. The following is a ver?
batim report of what he said :
"We have been asked the question,
how can the President be impeached?
He is Commander-in-Chief of tho
army and navy, and the Constitution
of the United States .says nothing
whatever about who shall hold the
office while he is being impeached.
Therefore, if you begin the impeach?
ment, he will order the army and
navy to disperse Congress, and he
will seize the reins of Government.
Where is thc remedy? Here it is:
Hie House of Representatives, under
the Constitution, is the grand inquest
of the nation-perhaps I might say,
for illustration, the grand jury of the
nation. It prepares the bill of im?
peachment against the President if it
sees cause, and it. presents the bill of
impeachment to thc; Senate of the
United States, which then becomes a
high court of impeachment, and the
Chief Justice of the United States
sits in that court as its presiding
officer. It is thus no longer, for that
purpose, the Senate of the United
States, but it is the court of impeach?
ment of the United States. What
shall they do? When the impeach?
ment is ready, the Senate sends out
its messenger or sergeant-at-arms to
bring in the criminal, lie he high or
low. I Applause.] They set lum at
the bar and read the bill to bim. If
he plead guilty, they then proceed to
sentence him, which sentence is a
deposition and deprivation of office.
! When he is brought before the bar,
I the Senate of the United States may
! order him to be imprisoned, or to
' find bail, or any other proper order
that a court might adopt in a crimi?
nal case; and when the Constitution
provided this mode of trial, did its
framers menu that a niau who is be
I fore the court of impeachment as a
criminal shall be at the same time
chief executive otlicer of the Govern?
ment? By no means. From that
moment, he ceases to be able to exer?
cise the duties of that office until he
is acquitted. And then comes the
case of the inability of the President
of the United States to exercise the
office of President, so the vice-Presi?
dent must take the office, and there
being no vice-President, it must de?
volve on the President of the Senate
for the time being."
From this point 13. I', proceeded
to utter terrible threats against Pre?
sident Johnson, should he not recog?
nize the authority of such an im?
peachment. He said that, if the
President called on tin; army and
navy to sustain him, it would only be
the regular forces that would answer,
and that, if this small body of men
should respond, they would be swept
from the earth as a cobweb is swept
away by the rising sui1. Mighty and
eloquent Butler! .
And now for General Steed man, on
the same topic. This officer, said to
bo a brave and gallant soldier, made
a speech at Toledo, Ohio, on Monday
j night, of last week. After showing
I that the President was carrying out
the policy of true restoration and
peace, he proceeded :
! For doing that, they propose to
( impeach Andrew Johnson and re?
move him from office, and put one
of their own men in his place. Well,
now, I don't want to fight with any?
body. I have lmd fighting enough
myself, and I suppose you have. Still
I have no objection to a little fight?
ing, if the men who did not fight in
the last war choose to have a little
shindy among themselves. We will
bold their hats; but, if they suppose
that the American people will quietly
i look on, while a faction deposes the
! President of the United S.ates and
takes possession of the Government
with an armed mob, I say o them,
here, that they are mistaken. [Ap?
plause.] And they had better not
I attempt it. [Applause.] For while
I we do not want any trouble, while we
prefer peace-not a painted peace,
but a real bona fide peace-while we
do not want to discuss war with any
body, if Mr. Ashley supposes that,
by coming here and throwing his
head back, as he did in 18G1, and
talking about war, he is going to
frighten anybody, I say to him he is
J very much mistaken. [Applause. 1
While we do not want to fight, we
will never permit them to organize
armed mobs, start to Washington,
and take, possassion of the Govern?
ment, that they may telegraph all
over the country that a loyal and pa?
triotic Government has deposed An?
drew Johnson. They won't bo per?
mitted to do it. [Cheers.]
In the course of his remarks, he
thus handles B. F. Butler, reviews
hisgallautry and criticises his fighting
propensit ies. It is an admirable por?
traiture of the Beast:
Now, I do not believe it is the in?
tention of the people of this coun?
try-the masses who are following
tho lead of these fiery men-to en?
gage in any such unholy work as
attempting to take possession of the
Government. I know that distin?
guished Massachusetts General, Ben?
jamin R Butler, [laughter, ] says he
is going to march from Massachusetts
to Washington with his militia. Well,
now, he didn't hurt anybody during
the war, and I have no idea that he
will hurt anybody now. j Laughter. ]
If he marches, and there is any
fighting going on, 1 will warraut you
ho will march in the rear of bis
column. [Laughter.] I have searched
that gentleman's military record in
vain to find a place where he led a
column. He never did lead it any?
where. Perhaps lu; thinks, as bo
didn't make any "reputation in the last
war, it is necessary for him to get up
another one, in order to redeem him?
self. [Laughter.! No doubt General
Butler had a good many fierce people
to deal with during the war. no doubt
he was provoked a good deal during
his administration at New Orleans,
and goaded to say a great many things
that do not look well on paper. I do
not like to comment on anything
done by a Union general, but f am
bound to say how that, throughout
the war, that General was remarkable
only for his severity to women and
children. [Cries of "spoons."] He
was very fierce to defenceless people;
that required no courage. People
who were within our lines, and whoso
protectors were gone-he was very
harsh to them. It is true, their pro?
tectors had no right to go, ami they
deserved, perhaps, all they got. but
no brave man would take an advan?
tage of that kind against women and
children; and General Butler is thc
only man that ever did it. 1 under?
stand he complimented nie in bis
speech to-day. He says he approves
of some things that I said. Ile ap?
proves of my proposition to give the
negroes the ballot, who had fought
as well as I had. Well, I can't re?
turn tho compliment about the fight?
ing, for every negro that 1 saw in the
army fought better than Butler did.
[Cheers. ] I was willing o aid negroes
then, but I have never seen the time
in my life when I preferred a ne^ro
to a white man for anything. [Ap?
plause.] I have never seen the time
that I would have voted to give the
negro ?300 bountv and the white man
only ?100. t
WHAT DOES rr MEAN?-The New
Orleans Times, of the 2d, says: We
have some rather startling intelli?
gence from the seat of Government,
and from a source which leaves not a
doubt of its authenticity. When the
First United States Colored Infantry
were mustered out of service, a large
number of them remained in and
around Washington. These ex-sol?
diers have kept up their organization
under the name of "Lincoln Reserve
Corps," of which ono Capt. Daniel
K. jenkins is commander of the first
battalion. On the evening of Sep?
tember 1, a secret meeting was
held, at which about 100 of these
men signed a resolution offering their
services to Gov. Wells, of Louisiana,
to aid in his struggle "for liberty and
justice." Capt. .Jenkins was instruct?
ed to write Gov. Wells to this effect,
stating that the '"Lincoln Reserves"
were "well armed and disciplined,
and would serve without remunera?
tion"-excepting, we suppose, what
they could confiscate, u la Butler.
What dots this proposition indi?
cate? Do the radical politicians in?
tend getting up another riot in New
Orleans? Are the "loyal Louisian?
ians" and Northern political leaders
not satisfied with the blood they have
caused to be spilled in our streets?
Do they wish to add to the unfortu?
nate calamity they brought upon our
people hy further tumult and dis?
order? Certainly this looks as il
there was some foul plot hatching,
- ? m
THE DAVIS PROPERTY.-ORBED
FROM GEN. HOWARD.- A special
despatch to tho Philadelphia hedge)
says:
"Gen. Howard has ordered the
rents that have accrued upon the
property of Joseph E. Davis,
brother of Jefferson Davis, to be
paid to him from and since the date
of his pardon papers, which were is?
sued on the 28th of March last, but
not forwarded to him until early in
September. The value of these rents
is not far from 820,000 per annum:
so that, in effect, Davis receives pro?
bably as full, or nearly as full an
equivalent, as if the property itsell
had been fully restored to him. The
question of the restoration of this
property has been before Gen. How?
ard for some time, but.he prefers
that another, and not himself, shall
order its restitution. lani told thal
the property of Jefferson Davis i::
also included fti the amount held oi
claimed by his brother, one title
covering the whole."
A New Orleans despatch of Friday
says: A large number of Justices in
different parishes have sent certifi
cates to Gen. Sheridan that they art
unable to execute the laws protecting
freedmen in collecting wages for tin
past year's services. Gen. Grant's
order is being applied to offenders,
and they are arrested and held ir
military confinement.
The Viena De Baltic says it learns
that France has made energetic rep
resentatious to the Porte against an j
aquisition by the United States of ai
island in ihe Gulf of Egina. France
has been supported in this course bj
England.
Vor the Phoenix.
MESS KS. EDITOKS: I see, ir jour valuable
paper, au occasional artiel? . thc impor?
tant subject of the wants yf tho varied
labor for tho South. It is worthy of deep
consideration, and offers many reasons for
divers opinions. Our former organization
of labor for tho held is destroyed through
general and sudden emancipation; hence,
thc business of agriculture, in cotton,
sugar and rice regions, is in a state of con?
fusion. We bave II >\v nd regularly defined
system, and thc consequences, to all \
classes, are likely tobe disastrous before
thc ease grows better.
The immediate introduction <?f wbito
labor is advocated by some, and efforts
will bc made to ititroduce foreign laborers,
under tiie impression tba! our freedman
labor will never answer to promote South?
ern prosperity. I very much fear that a
trial of /oretan ichUe'lahor ?ow will bb a
failure in reference to our peculiar agricnl- j
ture. When employed in manufactures j
anti traites ...e results may be different.
Tiic climate anti productions of our "sunny
South" are so differeut from those to
which they ara accustomed, that they will |
be slow in engaging us lured laborers in
Ibis section. They aro not accustomed to
the culture of our peculiar staples, and
will dread the process of adaptation and
acclimation, besides, the anarchy and
lawlessness nf society yet existing will ope?
rate as a barrier to any considerable num?
ber of reliable laborers coming among us.
permanently, at this juncture of time and
circumstances. If i am at all correct in
my impressions, it mus! bo evident that
?this source of labor will not answer thc
purposes of thc southern agriculturist at
! this time.
Wo must stul look tu the freed folks ami
; whites among us for supplies to cultivate
I the soil. The number of negroes will ad?
mit of a reduction in thc much worn por?
tions of our State, and the indications are.
that under the influences being bronght to
bear on them to emigrate, the diminution
will likely he more than desirable. Those
that manifest any willingness to work
should be encouraged Lo remain, and just
rewards offered them to enter into our em?
ployment. Dur system of labor is so radi
I caiiy changed, that one of the difficulties
j to be met with is to ascertain what mode
of remuneration to adopt, and how much
would be a fair compi nsation. Tin.- is a
year of experiment, and vari.ms ne des ol
hiring have been used. S inn- give uart of
I the crop, und feed the whole or ? part;
others give part of the crop, and require
j the hirelings to feed themselves; and
i tubers pay wages and "feed them: and
I ot hers, again, vary in some p irticulars from
all these. Each mode has its difficulties
! and objections. Some lessons are being
I learned both by the employees and the
employed, and yet there are obscure points
in the case. We should; be willing to give
! a fair and living compensation, if we knew
how to come at ii. I sujgest, then, that
the cultivators of the soil, in their respect?
ive precincts, before engagements are
made for t.he next year, meet in council,
compare notes, and settle upon some uni?
form mo te of employment, and some ave?
rage anti fair juice of compensation. 1
would like to see a few abler pens than
minc give us their matured views on tins
vital subject. J. C. li.
Otilmge* in Western Xoitli Carollnu.
A correspondent writes to the Raleigh
Sentinel from Franklin, Macon County, N.
C., September J:t. as follows:
His Honor .bulge Ship)) held court in
Cherokee last week, lint few decisions of
import ance were madi . The court bad its
deliberations very much disturbed, on
Monday, by thc return of some noted in?
dividuals trout Tennessee, by the name ol
Murrow, well armed. They made an at?
tack on a man by the name ?d' tatham,
tired a pistol at him while on his horse in
the act of leaving for bonn-, the ball miss?
ing him and taking effect in the neck of
his horse. Tatham, who, it seems, had
been apprehensive of an attack, was also
armed and returned the lire, killing in?
stantly one ot the Morrows, and rode off.
The other Monow mounted a horse and
pursued bim a short, distance, but not in
the range of gun-shot.
He wheeled his horse, came back to
where his brother was lying dead, and de?
liberately ?ired on a lawyer by the name of
Boon, killing him instantly. Poon appears
to have been unarmed, not having suspect
pectcd any attack. Alter killing Boon, he
tired ona man hy the mime of Cooper,
quite a peaceable and inoffensive man not
engaged in the affrav, inflicting on him
two severe wounds, from which bis reco?
very is deemed doubtful, and Morrow then
made his escape in the direction of Ten?
nessee, where hu resides. These <.utrages
by men from Tennessee, acting under the
advice of dov. Brownlow, who published
the opinion that it was right to kill the j
relis wherever found, and thai iie would
pardon tho offence, are becoming too fre?
quent to be continued much longer with?
out producing a herder warfare much to
be deplored.
A man by the name of Cline, residing in
the lower part of Jackson County, was shot
down in cold blood, a short time since, by
a band tit* marauders from Tennessee,
known as the Bobert Burchfield robbers.
Four of them came to the house of Cline a
little while before dark, called him out.
and pretended that they wanted to trade
with him, he being a merchant, loitered
about until dark, then pretended that they
wanted a candle to count out their money.
As soon as thc candle came, without say?
ing a word, two of them shot him-the
halls taking effect near his heart, causing
instant death. He leaves a wife and a
largo number of small children to mourn
his loas. The murderers were enabled to
make their escape to the dominions ol
Gov. Brownlow.
Another portion, including the notable
B.ob Burchfield himself, about the same
time, penetrated into the lower portion of
Cherokee County, went to the house of a
Mrs. Gunter, tired upon ber two sons,
wounding one of them seriously. They,
too, made their escape to the same ren?
dezvous.
Will these murderers of our peaceable
citizens along the border, as in tlio days of !
yore, be surrendered and turned over to i
the civil authority for trial and punish?
ment?
DEATH OF RAREY, THE HOUSE
TAMER.-John S. Rarey, the cele-1
bruted horse-tamer, died suddenly, I
at Cleveland, Ohio, on the 4th inst. |
Last December, he had a stroke of
paralysis, since which time he had
been treated by several prominent
physicians. On the 4th instant, ho
left the Waddell House, for a walk,
but soon returned, complaining of a
pain in the head. After being seated
a few minutes, he exclaimed, "I am
dying,'' and, in about an hour, he
expired.
Never abuse one who was once
your bosom friend, however bitter
now.
Ijoca.1 Xt; OT yins*.
BLANKS FOR S.U.E AT THIS OFFICE. Let?
ters <'f Administration, Declaration ou
Bond or goaled Note, Mortgages and Con?
veyances of Real Estate.
Messrs. Trevet & Bcraghi keep constant?
ly on hand a supply of fresh oysters,
which will be served up in thc very best
style. We are indebted to them fur a
sample. Give them a call.
REDUCTION OF FREIGUTS. By reference
to our advertising columns, it will be seen
th at arrangements have been made liv
which cotton can be shipped to New York
at $4.50 pur bale. For further particulars,
apply to Messrs. J. ? T. R. Agnew, Colqm^
bia, or Wm. Roach, Charleston.
To CORRESPONDENTS. We have received
a communication signed "Purity," relative
toan article which appeared in another
paper, rellectiug upon the circumstance of
a white wa.man walking with a colored man
through tho streets of Columbia. The
writer does not send her (or hisj natue,
and, therefore, the article is inadmissible.
All communications should be accompa?
nied by the name of Cue writer, or left by
tho writer in person at the office.
SEW ADVERTISEMENTS. ? Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published tins morning ho the tirst
time:
E. E. Jackson -Drug Store.
Real Est?t.- of tho State Works for Sale.
Townsend A North -Pbotog'ph Albums.
Parker A Fripp - Bagging and Rope.
Levin & Peixotto Auction Sales.
J. A- T. R. Agnew -Powder.
Alfred Tolleson-Fall Goods, Ac
J. S. McMahon-Election Notice.
THE PHILADELPHIA RIOTS.-The
New York World thus ominously
comments un the lute political dis?
turbances in Philadelphia:
Tlic violence which was practiced
against Democrats in Philadelphia,
on Friday evening, was but the hiss?
ing, through small crevices, of the
pent-up passions which have been
heated to scalding and explosive
force, and are driving the Republi?
can organization, like a high-pressure
locomotive, towards a new civil war.
It was known by the Republicans
that Hiester Clymer, the Democratic
candidate for Governor, was to speak,
and that ti groat concourse of Demo?
crats would assemble to hear him.
The Republicans, full of defiance
and bent on mischief, chose to get
up a political procession; to parade it
through such streets, and at such an
hour, as would bring it in contact
with the Democratic gathering and
brush its edge, and thus initiate a
row-a patriotic purpose in which
they fully succeeded. In another
part of the city the Democratic
headquarters were attacked, the win?
dows and transparencies smashed,
and tho building gutted, by this phi?
lanthropic "party of great moral
ideas.*' When party passions have
been kindled to such ti pitch of furi?
ous violence and intensity that they
break forth in mob violence in a city
of non-resistant Republican Quak?
ers, in what claims to be, par excel?
lence, "the city of brotherly love,"
we are drifting, on a strong current,
towards another civil war.
CAPITAL ADVICE.-The Petersburg
Index, of Wednesday, says:
In the event that the elections
held on yesterday disclose radical
majorities, an attempt will at once
be made to play a bluff game, and to
intimidate tin: Southern States into
i the adoption of the constitutional
: amendment. Self-styled friends will
j whisper that it is better to yield this
: one time, as if all the concessions we
made last year had not taught their
I own lessons. To till this bluster and
I the suggestions of the tempter, let us
oppose ti good conscience, a quiet dis?
charge of the duties of life, and a
linn, unwavering resolve to do no?
thing that is mean, cowardly and
disgraceful. There need be no fear
of the adoption of this amendment.
If all the. Northern States were to be
temporarily led astray by passion and
excitement, the Southern States, sim?
ply by a policy of "masterly inactivi?
ty," can defeat the amendment until
the balance of the Northern States
shall, like Oregon, expunge the ratifi
tions hastily given under passion and
excitement. In another issue we
shall take up this subject and demon
strati! how easy it is to defeat the
adoption of this scheme.
Tile late Judge F--, of Con?
necticut, was not remarkable for
quickness of apprehension. xYt a
certain time Mr. R. W. Sherman was
arguing a case before him, and in tho
course of his remarks, Mr. Sherman
made a point which the Judge did
not tit once see. "Mr. Sherman, I
would thank you to state the point
so as I can understand you." Ro\<*h
i ng politely, Mr. Sherman replied in
his blandest manner, "Your Honor
is not, probably aware of the task you
are imposing on me."
Among other articles which seem
likely to become very fashionable in
the capitol aie watches and chains,
mado of hardened India rubber,
which closely imitates different sorts
of wood. Should these articles get
into general use Messrs, the pick?
pockets, will lose considerably by
the same.
Every year some fresh article of
luxury becomes the rage in Paris
At the present moment Orguanirry
are ajl the fashion, and we could name
more than a 1.00 shops where no other
article is sold.

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